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ARTICLE ON CARTESIAN COORDINATE SYSTEM & ITS APPLICATIONS IN OUR DAILY LIFE

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*ASHMA MARY ROSE

ABSTRACT:

The inner meaning of the study is to make

students aware about geometry and its general

applications. Some of the students find mathematics

difficult and find its concepts hard to imbibe hence

they dislike it. Geometry is one of main things in our

life. This project is mainly developed for students to

understand its importance in life. The basic

mathematics thinking and reasoning develops in a

student long before schooling. From a newborn and

throughout the life of humans they are fascinated to

patterns, designs and shapes. Parents often brings a

strong foundation in their pupils by providing them

with toys or electroninc gadgets with vibrantly

coloured shapes, designs and pictures. Through this

project I am confident that students will be able to

understand the basic concepts of geometry and

understand the knowledge of special use. Through

this they will acquire deep knowledge of geometry and

its real life applications so that might develop the skill

of problem solving and observing the given situation

suitably using geometry.

*B.Ed Student, Avila College of Education.

INTRODUCTION:

Cartesian coordinates is also known as

rectangular coordinates, it provide a method of rendering

graphs and indicating the positions of points on a two

dimensional (2D) surface or in three dimensional (3D)

space. The inventor of Cartesian coordinate system is the

French mathematician and the philosopher

Rene Descartes (1596- 1650). Cartesian coordinates are

used to define positions in 3D models and virtual reality

renderings. The coordinate system is also employed in

Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Navigation, Robotics,

Economics and other sciences.

OBJECTIVES:

The main objective of the article ‘CARTESIAN

COORDINATE SYSTEM AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN

OUR DAILY LIFE’ is to make students aware of the topics

and its application.

To plot points in the Cartesian plane.

To find distance between two points in the Cartesian

plane- distance formula and then use the distance

formula to solve geometry and real life application

problems.

To find the midpoint of the segment joining two points

in the Cartesian plane and use the midpoint formula

to solve application problems.

The real life applications listed out in the

project help the pupil to realize the importance of

coordinate geometry in ones day to day life and in the

development of society.

HYPOTHESIS:

I assume that the students will be able to

understand the basic concepts of Cartesian coordinate

system such as to plot points in the Cartesian plane, to

find the distance between two points in the Cartesian

plane. Also they may acquire the knowledge on the topic

and its real life application and they may develop the skill

of finding new innovation to the society.

WHAT IS CARTESIAN COORDINATE SYSTEM?

A Cartesian coordinate system is

a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in

a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are

the signed distances to the point from two

fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the

same unit of length. Each reference line is called

a coordinate axis or just axis (plural axes) of the system

and the point where they meet is its origin, at ordered

pair (0, 0). The coordinates can also be defined as the

positions of the perpendicular projections of the point onto

the two axes, expressed as signed distances from the

origin.

One can use the same principle to specify the position of

any point in three-dimensional space by three Cartesian

coordinates, its signed distances to three mutually

perpendicular planes (or, equivalently, by its perpendicular

projection onto three mutually perpendicular lines). In

general, n Cartesian coordinates (an element of real n-

space) specify the point in an n-dimensional Euclidean

space for any dimension n. These coordinates are equal,

up to sign, to distances from the point to n mutually

perpendicular hyperplanes.

by René Descartes (Latinized name: Cartesius)

revolutionized mathematics by providing the first

systematic link between Euclidean geometry and algebra.

Using the Cartesian coordinate system, geometric shapes

(such as curves) can be described by Cartesian

equations: algebraic equations involving the coordinates

of the points lying on the shape. For example, a circle of

radius 2, centered at the origin of the plane, may be

described as the set of all points whose coordinates

x and y satisfy the equation x2 + y2 = 4.

geometry, and provide enlightening geometric

interpretations for many other branches of mathematics,

such as linear algebra, complex analysis, differential

geometry, multivariate calculus, group theory and more. A

familiar example is the concept of the graph of a function.

Cartesian coordinates are also essential tools for most

applied disciplines that deal with geometry,

including astronomy, physics, engineering and many

more. They are the most common coordinate system used

in computer graphics, design and other geometry-related

data processing.

SCOPE & LIMITATIONS:

Advantages of Cartesian System:

High resolution and great accuracy and repeatability.

Good obstacle avoidance and collision prevention.

Ease of joint motion with respect to gravity loading.

Easier control.

Lift capacity

Disadvantages of Cartesian System:

Large structural framework.

Confinement of work space.

Restriction on being compatible with other arms in a

common workspace. Large floor space.

More complex mechanical design for linear sliding

motions.

OUR DAILY LIFE:

DESCRIBING POSITION

Describing position the position of any object in the real

world can be described using a simple coordinate system.

For example, you could describe your phone’s position as

being 2 meters across from the door, 3.5 meters up from

the floor, and 4 meters in front of the window. In a

coordinate system, each of the three numbers used to

describe an object’s position corresponds to a coordinate

axis. The place where the zero values along each axis

meet is called the origin. In this example, the X equals 2, Y

equals 4, and Z equals 3.5.

LOCATION OF AIR TRANSPORT.

Anytime one has a need to know the location of something

– where something should be or where something actually

is – a coordinate plane is a very useful tool. For this

reason, applications that make use of mapping are

common. An air traffic controller must know the location of

every aircraft in the sky within certain geographic

boundaries. In order to describe where each aircraft is

situated, coordinates are assigned to each vehicle in the

air. Alternatively, the “air traffic controller” can assign each

“aircraft” certain coordinates, and the “aircraft” can report

to the appropriate location. So coordinate system is one of

the most important part of air transport. What if coordinate

systems doesn’t exist, pilots or others that associated with

air craft don’t know the position or location of aircraft so

the percent of aircraft crashes will be increase.

MAP PROJECTIONS.

A projected coordinate system is any coordinate system

designed for a flat surface, such as a printed map or a

computer screen. Both 2D and 3D Cartesian coordinate

systems provide the mechanism for describing the

geographic location and shape of features using x and y-

values. The Cartesian coordinate system uses two axes:

one horizontal (x), representing east–west, and one

vertical (y), representing north–south. The point at which

the axes intersect is called the origin. Locations of

geographic objects are defined relative to the origin, using

the notation (x,y), where x refers to the distance along the

horizontal axis and y refers to the distance along the

vertical axis. The origin is defined as (0, 0).

LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE

requires a coordinate framework for defining real-world

locations. A geographic coordinate system is used to

assign geographic locations to objects. A global

coordinate system of latitude-longitude is one such

framework. They are measures of the angles (in degrees)

from the center of the earth to a point on the earth's

surface. This type of coordinate reference system is often

referred to as a geographic coordinate system.

ECONOMY

managing. During the last century result in connection

among math, economist, and statistics the new science

occurred, that called “Econometrics”. In economics, the

Lorenz curve is a graphical representation of the

cumulative distribution function of the empirical probability

distribution of wealth or income, and was developed by

Max O.Lorenz in 1905 for representing inequality of the

wealth distribution, and each calculation applies in

coordinate system.

MILITARY SERVICE

Military Service. For each target there are coordinates to

determine the precise position of them. For example, a

soldier wants to explode some targets of enemy, so he

must know the exact position of the target. If he know the

position with coordinates, then it is so easy to explode or

wipe out the target of enemy by warship or others. But it is

important that they have to know exact coordinates,

because if it is not calibrated correctly it will give rise to

untold result.

DIGITAL WORLD

present class but also helps your understanding in various

ways. Like geometry is applicable in computers or cell

phones. The text file or PDF file which we open is itself an

example of coordinate plane. In these, the words or

images are written or modified with the use of coordinate

geometry. Any PDF file, which contains text, images and

different shapes, are placed according to the 2-

dimentional coordinate (x, y) system. All the concepts like

distances, slopes and simple trigonometry are also

applicable here.

computer is again a field where concepts of coordinate are

used. On changing any shape or adding different colours

changes the points on the coordinate plane. Scanner and

photo copying machine also uses coordinate geometry to

produce the exact image of the original image provided to

it.

Apart from all these, most of us have used GPS in your

smart phones. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a

space based satellite navigation system that provides

location and time information in all weather conditions.

In a GPS, the longitude and the latitude of a place are its

coordinates. The distance formula is used to find the

distance between two places in a GPS.

accidents, aiding search and rescue efforts, and

speeding the delivery of emergency services and

disaster relief

GPS is vital to the Next Generation Air Transportation

System (NextGen) that will enhance flight safety while

increasing airspace capacity. GPS also advances

scientific aims such as weather forecasting,

earthquake monitoring, and environmental protection.

GPS remains critical to national security, and its

applications are integrated into virtually every facet of

military operations. Nearly all new military assets --

from vehicles to munitions -- come equipped with

GPS.

METHODOLOGY:

initial data’s from the textbooks and other resource books

and also from internet. I consulted some of my teachers to

add more points and details. I myself tried to use the

distance formula to solve geometry and real life

application problems and to find the distance between the

two pints in the Cartesian plane. I also tried to collecting

some pictures to make clearer the importance of Cartesian

coordinate system in real life.

RESULT & DISSUSION:

From the data’s collected, we can analyse the

fact that the coordinate geometry can be applied for

finding the position and distance of various objects without

actually measuring them. The concepts of distance

formula and positioning have been examined in various

cases. The details on real life application help the pupil in

encouraging the concept in real life situation.

CONCLUSION:

I found that coordinate geometry has a wide

variety of applications in real life along with development

of society. It plays a vital role in science and technology,

sometimes we do not notice or overlook. Starting from

painting, playing snake and ladder and passing the

application of coordinate geometry in computer programs,

PDF files, scanners, Mat lab, GPS system, aircraft

managements etc., it is also being used by astronomers

and amateurs in locating the objects of their interest. I also

found that coordinate geometry helps in finding out a

particular location of objects and distance between objects

without actually measuring them.

REFERENCE:

NCERT Mathematics textbook for class IX. Sri

Aurobida Marg, New Delhi, Secretary of NCERT 2014

NCERT Mathematics textbook for class X. Sri

Aurobida Marg, New Delhi, Secretary of NCERT 2014

NCERT Mathematics textbook for class XI. Sri

Aurobida Marg, New Delhi, Secretary of NCERT 2014

WEBSITES:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartesian_coordinate_sy

stem

https://prezi.com/rudfkhuyvuob/use-of-coordinate-

geometry-in-gps/

http://blog.askiitians.com/co-ordinate-geometry-

works-real-space-five-practical-examples/

https://www.slideshare.net/ssuser2eafea/application-

of-coordinate-system-and-vectors-in-the-real-life

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