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OPTICAL COMMUNICATION

Credits:- 4 L-T-P-S 3:1:0:3


100 marks 100 marks
(50% Weightage) (50% weightage)

Prerequisites: - Analog Communication, Digital Communication

Module 1:- INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL COMMUNICATION (9L + 3T)

Evolution of fiber optic system- Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link- Ray Optics-
Optical Fiber Modes and Configurations –Mode theory of Circular Wave guides- Overview of
Modes-Key Modal concepts- Linearly Polarized Modes –Single Mode Fibers-Graded Index fiber
structure, Photonic Crystal Fibers(PCF) and characteristics

Suggested Reading:- Lightwave system components


Module 2:- SIGNAL DEGRADATION ON OPTICAL FIBERS (9L + 3T)

Attenuation – Absorption losses, Scattering losses, Bending Losses, Core and Cladding losses,
Signal Distortion in Optical Wave guides-Information Capacity determination –Group Delay-
Material Dispersion, Wave guide Dispersion, Signal distortion in SM fibers-Polarization Mode
dispersion, Intermodal dispersion, Pulse Broadening in GI fibers-Mode Coupling.
Suggested Reading: - Nonlinear effects

Module 3:- FIBER OPTIC SOURCES AND COUPLING (9L + 3T)

Direct and indirect Band gap materials-LED structures –Light source materials –Quantum
efficiency and LED power, Modulation of a LED, lasers Diodes-Modes and Threshold condition
–Rate equations –External Quantum efficiency –Resonant frequencies –Laser Diodes,
Temperature effects, Introduction to Quantum laser, Fiber amplifiers- Power Launching and
coupling, Lencing schemes, Fiber –to- Fiber joints, Fiber splicing
Suggested Reading: - Optoelectronic Integration, VCSEL

Module 4:- RECEIVERS (9L + 3T)

PIN and APD diodes –Photo detector noise, SNR, Detector Response time, Avalanche
Multiplication Noise –Comparison of Photo detectors –Fundamental Receiver Operation –
preamplifiers, Error Sources –Receiver Configuration –Probability of Error – Quantum Limit.
Suggested Reading: - Sensitivity degradation, Receiver Design

Module 5:- DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM (9L + 3T)


Point-to-Point links System considerations –Link Power budget –Rise - time budget –Noise
Effects on System Performance-Operational Principles of WDM, Solitons-Erbium-doped
Amplifiers. Basic on concepts of SONET/SDH Network. Passive Optical Networks-FTTH
Systems
Suggested Reading:- Optical Networking components, Long haul systems

TEXT BOOKS
1. Gerd Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communication” McGraw –Hill International, 4th ed., 2010
2. J.Senior, “Optical Communication, Principles and Practice”, Third Edition, Prentice Hall of India,
2009.

REFERENCES

1. Keiser, “Optical Communication essentials”, McGraw-Hill Companies (28 July 2003)


2. G.P Agrawal, “Fiber-Optic Communication Systems” , Wiley; Third edition, 2007

EBOOK
1. http://www.scilab.in/Completed_Books#2
2. https://www.intechopen.com/books/optical-communication
MOOCS
NPTEL Links:-
1. http://nptel.ac.in/courses/117104127/
2. http://nptel.ac.in/courses/117101054/

COURSEWARE LINK :
TUTORIAL LINK :
COURSE OUTCOMES
1. Understand the optical fiber link and fiber modes & configurations
2. Have knowledge in different types of losses, signal distortion in optical fibers and design
optimization for fibers
3. Know the types of optical sources and fiber networking components
4. Understand the various optical receivers and their performance
5. Understand the working of digital transmission system, SONET / SDH
Assessment Pattern
100 marks
Continuous Internal Assessments(CIA)
(50% Weightage)
Internal Assessment I 20 Marks
Internal Assessment II 20 Marks
Internal Assessment III 30 Marks
Seminar with report (self study component) 10 Marks
Open ended experiment /Assignment (self study component) 10 Marks
Attendance 10 Marks
100 marks
End Semester Assessment (ESA)
(50% Weightage)
3 Hours
Part A
10 Short Answers Blooms Taxonomy
10 X 2 = 20
(Two Questions from each BTL 1:Remember
Marks
Module BTL 2:Understanding
No choice)
Blooms Taxonomy
Part B BTL 1:Remember
5 Long Answers (Choice in BTL 2:Understanding 5 X 6 = 30 Marks
Module ) BTL 3:Apply
BTL 4: Analyze
Blooms Taxonomy
Part C BTL 3:Apply
5 X 10 = 50
5 Very Long Answers (Choice in BTL 4: Analyze
Marks
Module ) BTL 5: Evaluate
BTL 6: Create
Blooms Level Distribution of Marks
Lower Order Thinking Skills Higher Order Thinking Skills
(LOTS) = 54 Marks (HOTS) = 46 Marks
BTL 2 BTL 3 BTL 4 BTL 5 BTL 6
18 16 16 20 10
(3*2+2*6) (1*6+1*10) (1*6+1*10) (2*10) (1*10)
COURSE TITLE OPTICAL COMMUNICATION LABORATORY

Course Code:- Credits:- 2 L-T-P-S 0:0:3:0


100 marks 100 marks
(60% Weightage) (40% weightage)
ASSESS
LEARNING
BTL MENT LA
LEVEL
MODEL

Prerequisites: - Optical communication fundamentals

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION LABORATORY


PO COURSE OUTCOMES
Understand the line coding techniques in
optical systems
Understand Dispersion in optical fiber
systems and the compensation techniques
Understand WDM Systems and usage of
EDFA
Understand LED and Photodiode
characteristics
Understand nonlinear effects in optical fiber
systems
1. Comparison of NRZ, RZ, CRZ and CSRZ modulations - Optsim Software

2. Dispersion management – Pre-compensation and Post-compensation DCF -


Optsim Software

3. Design, analysis and simulation of WDM systems - Optsim Software

4. Implementation and analysis of Four Wave mixing - Optsim Software

5. FTTH system - Optsim Software

6. Gain equalization in EDFA - Optsim Software

7. DPSK modulation, demodulation in optical systems - Optsim Software

8. Gain Characteristics of EDFA amplifier - Optsim Software


9. Effect of ISI on BER –Optsim Software
10. Characteristics of Photodiode - Hardware

11. Characteristics of LED -Hardware

12. Fiber optic links - Hardware

TEXT BOOKS

1. Gerd Keiser, “Optical Fiber Communication” McGraw –Hill International, 4th ed.,
REFERENCES

1. G.P Agrawal, “Fiber-Optic Communication Systems” , Wiley; Third edition, 2007

EBOOK
1. https://www.intechopen.com/books/optical-communication
MOOCS
NPTEL Links:-
3. http://nptel.ac.in/courses/117104127/
4. http://nptel.ac.in/courses/117101054/
COURSEWARE LINK

TUTORIAL LINK