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Spanking and Corporal Punishment 1

Running Head: Spanking and Corporal Punishment of Children

Exercise #1

The Influence of Spanking and Corporal Punishment on Children

Courtnay E. Williams

SOWK 300

Tuskegee University

September 15, 2010

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Article 1
Christoper, E., John, B., & Michelle, S. (1996). Conservative Protestantism and the Parental Use
of Corporal Punishment. Social Forces, 74(3), 1003-1028. Retrieved from

This article relates religion to corporal punishment of children. The main idea is that those who
are sterner religiously tend to discipline their children using corporal punishment more often than
those who are more liberal in relation to religion. Siding against corporal punishment of children
this article relates this form of discipline to other issues that children face such as delinquency
and anger displacement that carries on into adulthood. Although religion is the focal point, class
and race are also observed to see rates of corporal punishment.

Article 2

Erlanger, H. (1974). Social Class and Corporal Punishment in Childrearing: A Reassessment.

American Sociological Review, 39(1), 68-85. Retrieved from


This article uses class as a major determining factor in spanking and corporal punishment as a
means of discipline. They reassess their initial assumptions about class and how different classes
discipline differently. However there are several hypotheses stated here show that there is still a
need for more examination. Here corporal punishment is viewed as child abuse and given a
direct relation to violence later in the life of the one receiving the punishment causing in return a
cycle of abuse.

Article 3

Glenn, M. (1983). Corporal Punishment: The Need for a Historical Perspective. History of
Education Quarterly, 23(1), 91-97. Retrieved from


This article examines the history of corporal punishment and its effects and relevance to
education. It gives examples based on historical proceedings such as Supreme Court Rulings. It
gives a brief stating of the book it was drawn from and lays out its main points so that the
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historical points and definitions are at easy access. It is helpful in laying the foundation to the
work done by other authors and their opinions on spanking and corporal punishment as it applies
to children.

Article 4

Rodriguez, C. (2003). Parental Discipline and Abuse Potential Affects on Child Depression,
Anxiety, and Attributions. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65(4), 809-817. Retrieved


This article focuses on the effect of harsher forms of punishment on children emotionally and
physiologically. There studies show that of the 42 students surveyed in New Zealand, those
whose parents used harsher forms of punishment had higher levels of anxiety than the others.
Also those students who receive these harsher forms of punishment were more likely to suffer
from depression than those who were not. The result here show direct correlation between
discipline such as corporal punishment and spankings and the overall emotional state of the

Article 5

Turner, H., & Finkelhor, D. (96). Journal of Marriage and Family. Corporal Punishment as a
Stressor among Youth, 58(1), 155-156. Retrieved from


This article focuses on distress as a result of corporal punishment on older children ages 10 to 16.
It compares rates of psychological distress and depression on these children given certain
circumstances. From the information drawn, it shows that there is indeed a correlation between
the severity of punishment and the distress upon the child. However despite the level of
punishment all types of corporal punishment seem to cause general distress.
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