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CHAPTER II

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1. PROJECT
The project is any work that has initial activity and has a final
activity, in other words every job that starts at a certain time and
planned to be finished or end at a predetermined time.
The characteristics of the project include:
● Have a specific purpose in the form of the final work result.
● Kepeluan resource changes, both kind and volume.
● In the process of implementation, the project is limited by the
schedule, budget, and quality of the final result.
● Temporary, because the relatively short project cycles.
● A nonroutine activities, not repetitive.

2.2. PROJECT DATA


2.2.1. General DataProject
Carrefour Cirebon Transmart Developmentcarried out by
PT. Pembangunan Perumahan (PT PP) Persero Tbk as
contractors and consultants sabagai.

2.2.2. Contract Data


a. Project Name:Transmart Carrefour
Cirebon
b. Project Location:Jl. Dr. Cipto
Mangunkusumo
234, Kesambi, 45131
c. Project Owner:PT. Trans Retail Property
d. Source of funding:PT. Trans Retail Property
e. Total Project Cost:Rp 202.500.000.000
f. Contract Date:October 2016
g. Contract Type:Per diems and unit
price
h. Planning Consultant:PT. Design Buildline:
i. Construction manejemen PT. Primavera Cipta Mulya
j. Supervisor: PT. PP Persero Tbk
k. Contractor: PT. PP Persero Tbk
l. Time Frame:13 months (399 calendar
days)

2.2.3. Technical Data


a. Planning: m2
b. Floor Area:m2
c. Building Area:m2
● Basement 2:9228 m2; elevation - 6.00
● Basement 1:9228 m2; elevation - 3.00
● Ground Floor:4150 m 2;elevation:
● Structure 1st Floor 5776 m 2;elevation:
● Structure 2nd Floor 7584 m 2;elevation:
● Structure 3rd Floor 6700 m2; elevation
● Mezzanine Chiller Room:m2
● Roof Floor:m2
Total: m2
Type of Foundation:Bore pile
foundation

2.3. project management


Project management is all the
planning, implementation and control, and coordination of a project
from the beginning (the idea) to the end of the project to ensure the
implementation of the project on time, on cost and right quality.
Project management is the key to the success of a project. A
project can be considered as activities and tasks:
a. Having specific goals that must be completed and accompanied by
specific
b. Has a set beginning and end of the same and has a limit of funds
c. Using human resources and other resources.

PLANING

MONITORING
DAN ORGANIZING
CONTROLLING

= Line Effect

ACTUATING (Source Imam Suharto, 1999) STAFFING


Figure 2.1 CycleManagement
classic project usually considered to have 5 (five) function or
principle, namely:
1. Planning
Planning is the management function that involves setting
goals and identify measures to achieve these objectives.
Planning requires managers to be aware of environmental
conditions encountered their organizations and to estimate future
conditions. It also requires that managers be a good decision
maker.
Planning is a process consisting of several stages. The
process begins by scanning the environment which means that
planners should be aware of the critical contingency facing their
organizations in terms of economic conditions, their competitors
and their customers. Planners then must try to predict future
conditions. These estimates are the basis of planning.
There are many different types of plans and planning:
➢ Strategic planning involves the analysis of opportunities and
competitive threats, as well as the strengths and weaknesses
of the organization, and then determine how to position their
organizations to compete effectively in their environment.
Strategic planning has a long time frame, often three or more
years. Strategic planning generally covers the entire
organization and includes the formulation of objectives.
Strategic planning is often based on the organization's
mission, which is the fundamental reason for its existence.
The organization's top management often do strategic
planning.
➢ Tactical planning is planning a medium-range (one to three
years), which is designed to develop a means of a relatively
concrete and specific to implement the strategic plan. Mid-
level managers often engage in tactical planning.
➢ Generally assume their operational planning goals and
objectives of the organization or subunit and determine how
to achieve it. Operational planning is the planning of short-
term (less than one year) which is designed to develop
specific action steps that support strategic and tactical plans.

2. Organizing
Organizing is the management function which involves the
development of an organizational structure and allocation of
human resources to ensure achievement of objectives. The
organizational structure is the framework under which
coordinated effort. The structure is usually represented by an
organizational chart, which provides a graphical representation of
the chain of command within an organization. Decisions made
about the organizational structure is generally referred to as
organizational design decisions.
Organizing also involves the design of individual jobs within
the organization. Decisions must be made about the duties and
responsibilities of individual work, as well as for execution of
duties. Decisions made about the nature of work in the
organization is generally called the decision "design work".
Organizing at the organizational level involves determining
the best way to departmentalize, or grouping, to work within the
department to coordinate efforts effectively. There are many
ways to departmentalize, including organizing by function,
product, geography or customer. Many larger organizations use
several methods departmentalization.

3.
Leadsinvolving social and informal sources of influence that
you use to inspire actions taken by others. If the manager is an
effective leader, they will be enthusiastic subordinates in an
attempt to achieve organizational goals.
Behavioral research has made many contributions to
understanding these management functions. Research studies
on the personality and work attitude provide important
information on how managers can most effectively lead
subordinates. For example, this research tells us that to be
effective in leading, managers must first understand the
subordinate personality, values, attitudes, and emotions of their
subordinates.

4. Control
Controlling involves ensuring that performance does not
deviate from the standard. Control consists of three steps, which
include (1) establish performance standards, (2) compare actual
performance with the standards, and (3) take corrective action
when necessary. Standards of performance are often expressed
in monetary terms such as revenue, costs, or benefits but can
also be expressed in other terms, such as units produced, the
number of defective products, or level of quality or customer
service.
Performance measurement can be done in several ways,
depending on the standard of performance, including financial
reports, sales reports, production, customer satisfaction, and
formal performance appraisals. Managers at all levels are
involved in managerial functions to control to some degree.

5. Mover
A form of action in the form to align the entire organization in
the implementation of activities. In terms of action, among others:
1. Coordinate the implementation of activities
2. Distribute duties, powers and responsibilities of
the task 3. Provide guidance and motivation

In any project, you will have a number of obstacles projects


competing for your attention. They are cost, scope, quality, risk,
resources, and time.
● Cost is the approved budget for the project includes all costs
necessary to deliver the project. In organizations, the project
manager has to balance between not running out of money and
are not underspending because many projects receiving funding
or grants that have contractual clause with a "use it or lose it" to
fund the project. Budget plan poorly executed can lead to hasty
last minute to spend the allocated funds. For almost all the
projects, the cost is ultimately a binding constraint; Some projects
could spend the budget without having to take remedial action.
● Scope is what you want to achieve this project. It includes all the
work involved in delivering project outcomes and processes used
to produce them. This is the reason and purpose of the project.
● Quality is a combination of standard and criteria that should be
given the products of the project for effective performance.
Products must undertake to provide the functionality that is
expected to solve the problems identified, and the benefits and
the expected values. It also must meet other performance
requirements, or the level of services, such as availability,
reliability, and maintenance capabilities, and the completion and
polishing is acceptable. Quality on a project controlled through
quality assurance (QA), the process of evaluating overall project
performance on a regular basis to provide confidence that the
project will satisfy the relevant quality standards.
● The risk potential is determined by external events which would
have a negative impact on your project if it happens. Risk refers to
the combination of the probability of this happening and its impact
on the project if the incident occurs. If the combination of the
probability of occurrence and their impact on the project is too
high, you should identify the potential for such events as the risks
and implement proactive plan to manage the risks.
● The resources required to carry out the project tasks. They could
be people, equipment, facilities, funding, or anything else that is
able to be defined (usually other than labor) needed to complete a
project activity.
● The time is defined as the time to complete the project. Time is
often a supervision is most common during the project
development. This is reflected in the deadlines were missed and
incomplete submissions. Control the exact schedule requires the
identification of tasks to be performed with caution and accurate
estimation of the time period, the order of execution, and how
people and other resources are allocated. Any itinerary should
take into account holidays and vacations.
You may have heard the term "three constraints," which
traditionally consisted only of timing, cost, and scope. This is a major
project constraints you should be aware. Constraints three illustrated
in the form of a triangle to visualize the project work and the
relationship between the scope / quality, schedule / time, and cost /
resource.

2.4. ORGANIZATION PROJECT


Koordinated effectiveand efficient in a job that is very important
because it is aimed at establishing and ensuring the smooth
implementation of the project.
Party organizations directly involved in the construction project
are as follows:
a. Own project
b. Consultants
c. Supervisory
While the above organization relationships can be distinguished:
a.of functional relationships
It is a relationshipin accordance with their respective
functions, the terms of reference or the contract has been agreed
and more teknis.Diantaranya:
1. Own project with consultant
2. The project owner to the contractor
3. Consulting with contractors
b.contractual relationship
It is athat bound the cooperative relationship in the form of a
contract between the parties involved and more visible as business
cooperation. Such as:
1. The project owner with kosultan
2. Own project with the contractor

Owner
Contrac
Contrac
Jasa Jasa
Cost Cost

Persayratan Teknis
Peraturan
Pelaksanaan
Realisasi
Consultant Contractor

Figure 2.4 Relationship project organization


Caption:
(): Relationship of Functional
(): Contract Relationship

These three elements are required to have a professional


attitude high, such as:
a. Having a good mental attitude
b. Had enough techniques
c. Understanding each task and authority
basically, the relationship between the three elements of the
organization such as:
a. Own Projects to Supervisor
1. Supervisor consultants help Project Owner (Owner) in
terms of technical supervision in the field.
2. Consultant supervisor should be responsible to the project
owner for the execution of the work, especially relating to
the quality of the work.
3. All the instructions of the project leader (in this case as the
project owner) to contractors have to go through the
supervising consultant, and if there are proposals from
contractors for through the supervising consultant, but the
owners (represented by her staff) can directly supervise.
4. The project leader can reject or approve the proposed
supervisory consultant on the issue of changes in project
planning, whether it led to changes in payment or not.
5. Supervising consultant under contract with the project
owner.

b. Project Owner to the Contractor


1. Contractors carry out tasks assigned by the project owner.
2. The contractor is responsible to the owner of the project for
the implementation of good projects to achieve the goals
with the contract documents.
3. The project owner pays the contractor for the work in
accordance with the results / performance that has been
achieved.

2.5. PROJECT ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE


Carrefour Cirebon Transmart construction project
consists of PT. Housing Development (PP) as a contactor and PT.
Primavera Cipta Mulya (PCM) as a consultant. This is the
organization structure:

ORGANIZATIONCONTRACTOR
PROJECTTRANSMART CARREFOUR CIREBON

Harry
Subagyo Rahmat
Project Mngr SHEO
Andi Yulianto
Quality Control Vicky
SS

Aris Febriana
Construction Sarbianto
Mngr Site Adm
Mngr

Eko Febrian
Dody K Dodik Hapsari
Heru
GSP ME Prasetyo SAK
Yulianto
POP
GSP Sipil
Selamet
Kepala Irfan Jarwoto
Hendra
Peralatan Metode Umum
Indra
SP

Yoga Eko Arianto Indra P Darmo S


Dasum Sularto Qc OB
Tomas S Parniyanto Drafter
Peralatan Ruspandi
Deden M Edi
Bimbo S
Yayan S Achyar
Edy Marsongko
Surveyor / Asep M
Logistik
Uitzet Moch S
Security
Figure 2.6 The organizational structure of PT. PP Persero (PT)

ORGANIZATIONCONSULTANTS
PROJECTTRANSMART CARREFOUR CIREBON

ROSADI
Koordinator
Proyek

DWI DEVID T. R., ST.


Manajer Proyek

AMIR FATAH
Koordinator Engineer

ATENG JOHARI
Manajer Konstruksi
ERY
Administrasi Proyek

DECKY FAJAR RUMAWI, FEBRY


Engineer Mekanikal ST. Engineer Elektrikal
Engineer Arsitektur
Figure 2.5 The organizational structure PT.PCM

2.5.1. Pamilik
Own pryek is individual or business entity, either private
or government who have the financial resources to create a
building and expressed his desire to master builder to be
created for the design of structures and budget costs. In this
Cirebon Transmart Development Project as an owner or
assignor is PT. Trans Retail Property.
The duties of the owner or owners are:
1. Provides the funds needed for the implementation of
development projects.
2. Issuing work orders to contractors regarding project
development in accordance with the contract documents.
3. Asks the answers to supervisory or management consultant
construction purposes (MK).
4. Memeritahkan addition or subtraction of a project work.
5. Approve or reject changes to a job.
6. Accepting a job if it has met the requirements.
7. Appoint service providers (consultants and contractors).
8. Request periodic reports on the implementation of the work
already done by the service provider.
9. Provides facilities such as facilities and infrastructure required
by the service provider to Kelancaraan job.
10. Provide land for execution of work.

2.5.2. Planning Consultant


Planner Consultant is a business entity engaged in
construction planning, appointed by the project owner to make
a complete plan of a building as desired by the project owner. In
general, labor-power, led by an architect or engineer.
The tasks of the consultant planner in general is:
1. Make working drawings,
2. Creating a work program to be easy in the execution of the
work,
3. Making all the requirements, administrative, and technical
specifications,
4. projecting desires or ideas of the owners into building design
5. Making solutions to problems occurring in the
implementation of the project.

2.5.3. Supervisor
supervisor consultant company / legal entity designated
by the ownerto carry out the field work supervision, during the
project implementation activities. Tunjuannya is that execution
of the work does not deviate from the working drawings / bestek
applied.
The tasks of supervising consultants are:
1. Supervise and inspect the quality of work the contractor in
order to meet the predetermined specifications,
2. Supervise and examine the quality or the quality of building
materials,
3. Preparing and calculating the possibility of any additional
work or work less,
4. Giving warning to the contractor if the implementation of
work outside of specification drawings revision,
5. the revised Checking drawings,
6. Prepare reports on a daily, weekly, and monthly on the
results of work performed during monitoring.

2.5.4. Contractor
Contractor is a partner project tender participants are based
on research results and the tender committee leaders deemed
most appropriate part of the project to carry out the work based
on a letter of appointment from the head portion of the project.
In general, the duties of the contractor are:
1. Creating a working method,
2. Preparing labor, equipment materials, and everything that is
used to support the smooth implementation of the work,
3. Carrying out work based on the expertise and experience in
accordance with the plans made by the consultant planner
and not out of specification work that has been approved,
4. Obliged to carry out the work as instructed by theowner,
5. Submit work when work has been completed as a whole to
theowner.
The parties of the contractors who are usually involved in the
project are as follows:

A. Board
of Directors is the project leader, duly authorized thereto by
the contractor for leading and directing all elements of the
organization for project implementation activities. The position of
the directors in the organization is in charge of project manager
and site engineer.
While the duty of directors is as follows:
1. To foster and maintain a good relationship between the
owner and the planning consultant in the framework of the
completion of the project,
2. Entitled to give instructions to his subordinates to
memperbaki deviation - a deviation that will occur in the field
during the project,
3. Entitled give warning, written warning and sanctions if the
implementation does not work in accordance with the
guidelines made.

B. Project Manager (PM)


Project manager is a representative duly authorized by the
board of directors of the project and the contractor to lead and
take full responsibility for the process of implementation in the
field as well as the final results obtained from the project lead.
The position of Project Manager (PM) in the project organization
is in charge of Site Engineer (SE) and Site Manager (SM).
The duties of a Project Manager (PM) are as follows:
1. Prepare a project work plan (RKP) with the goal to be
achieved.
2. Completing the project cost budget plan (RAB).
3. Setting a budget plan project (RAB).
4. Monitor and evaluate the implementation of the project
activities.
5. Attend site meetings are held weekly both meetings
between the contractor and the project owner.
6. Determining the piece rate plan overheads and tools.
7. Conduct a final evaluation of the overall project cost
RAB, and a final report project costs.
8. Manage resources to support the project schedule.

C. Site Manager (SM)


Part of the contractors who usually take care of human
resources responsible for the various issues on the scope of the
employee, employees, workers, managers and workers eat it.
Site operations manager has the task, among others
1. Assist project managers in the field,
2. Helps time schedule and the revised time schedule,
3. before starting work site managers and foremen entered into
a lump that is written in the agreement,
4. check and sign the letter - the letter payroll foreman and
other employees,
5. Bring tools - tools and primary materials in accordance with
the work plan as well as checking the quality and quantity in
accordance with the agreement.

D. Site Engineer
Site Engineer is a civil personal help all elements of the
implementation of the existing structure. Responsible to the
Board of Directors, Project Manager (PM), and Site Manager
(SM). Its position in the organization is in charge of project
drafter, safety control, and adm. Secretariat.
The task of a Site Engineering (SE) is as follows:
1. Developing an efficient method of execution of work
according to specifications.
2. Determine how to implement an effective and inexpensive
work.
3. Communicate with construction planning consultants
regarding technical implementation and make proposals on
alternative solutions.
4. Supervision in the field regarding the implementation of the
work in the field and inform deviations to the project
manager.
5. Preparing the implementation procedures to ensure the
achievement of business objectives.
6. Asking a complete list of facilities required for the
achievement of the work to the owner.
7. Conduct intensive monitoring of the phases of the daily
activities, weekly, and financial statements showing.
8. To evaluate the quality lapses and define how to avoid
irregularities of the same.
9. Preparing data for the preparation of the schedule, including
making items activities activities, time duration, the material
items and equipment.

E. Quality Control
Quality Control is a staff who ensure every item of work on
the project can be produced with maximum quality in
accordance with company standards for quality building
products. Position in the project is aligned with the Site manager
under Project Manager.
The duties of Quality Control are:
1. Make request for inspection or testing of goods for internal
contractor and together with the supervising consultant or
owner to make sure the materials to be used are in
accordance with the criteria you want the owner of the
building project,
2. Creating a warning letter or reprimand directly to the
performer, sub contractor or foreman in the event of
irregularities in the implementation or pemngadaan material
that affects the quality of work in the field,
3. Doing checks on the material to be didatangkankan and that
has arrived at the site to give status to the building materials
that are rejected or accepted after seeing the quality of the
material,
4. following nets implementation of development so that any
irregularities in the implementation of which can reduce the
quality of the work can be prevented, it is better if compared
to the check treatment only work on the final result so that in
the event of a less quality b aik must do bingkar pairs which
can lead to additional costs,
5. Checking whether the execution of work in the field are in
accordance with the image performance or shopdrawings,
6. Ask for sample materials or brochures that contain material
specifications of materials to the supplier before making a
purchase so that the material selected in accordance with the
quality standards in employment contract,
7. Create reports and data needed by the company related to
theof work qualityqontrol on building projects.

F. Implementing
agency is part of the contractor in charge of and responsible
for the technical implementation of the field.
Kewajiaban rights and implementing include:
1. Carry out work in accordance with the work program,
methods of work, working drawings and specifications of the
work,
2. Conducting inspection and measurement of the results of field
work.
3. Proposed changes to the implementation plan for the field
conditions that do not allow to carry out the work according to
plan,
4. maintain cleanliness and order in the field,
5. Controlling each project needs to be reported to the project
manager.

G. Logistics
Logistics deals with the existence of a product / tool in the
project as well as material needs in the project. Logistics is the
most important because the tools - tools and materials in
projects governed by logistics.
Duties and obligations of logistics as follows:
1. Make a schedule of material and equipment procurement
projects,
2. conduct survey and provide information to the head of the
project on the source material and price,
3. Organizing purchase materials that have been decided by the
head of the project in accordance with the schedule of the
procurement of materials and procedures,
4. Organizing storage administration on receipt storage and
material usage.

H. Surveyor
Surveyor had a variety of tasks in the construction of building
projects, in general, surveyors work related to building
measurement and mapping of land in the area to be developed.
task Surveyor is:
1. Determine the boundary points of the project area, it is
necessary to manufacture the groove fence project and
determining the coordinates of the building,
2. Reading images by looking at the shape and size of the
building to be applied in the field,
3. Defining the elevation depth of excavation of foundation and
basement floors, an error in the determination of this
elevation can cause waste jobs backfill and excavation,
4. define as the building to locate the point of pile and pile cap,
5. Monitor flatness of cast concrete on the job basement or slab
above,
6. Marking or determine as the columns of the building, in this
work uses the term loan as 1 m check whether pembesian
and formwork columns have been located in the correct
position,
7. checking erectness column using water pass or thread
measuring deberi pendulum,
8. Calculating height of elevation of cast concrete columns, in
order to fit to put the beams and the floor plate, the error in
this work may cause sleep concrete or c or reconfigured to
add height of the column,
9. checking flatness of the elevation of the floor beams to fit the
plan drawing,
10. Marking placement of cuttings reinforcement structure
thereon,
11. Marking placement void and pit lifts of buildings that are in a
position to plan,
12. Make as elevation of the building each floor, made by make a
line of loans with a height of 1 m from the floor of the building,
13. Marking positions architectural work such as the installation of
a brick wall, installation of ceramic kepalaan, positioning light
point positioning sanitary toilets, etc.

I. Administration
Administrationproject starts from the preparation of the
development due to maintenance and closure of the
employment contract.
Administrative and financial tasks of building projects are as
follows:
1. Perform the selection or recruitment of workers projected to
employees thereafter up to the day laborers with spesialisai
expertise of each corresponding position of the project
organization is needed,
2. Preparation of financial statements or statements of cash
bank projects, reports warehousing, reporting weight
achievement of the project, a list of debts and others - others,
3. Creating and verifying proof - proof jobs that will be paid by
the owner as the owner of the project,
4. Charging Data - Data staffing, execution, employment
insurance, saving data - personnel data of employees and
payment of salaries and allowances employee,
5. Create reports and complete project accounting taxation and
levies,
6. Noting activation project includes inventory, service vehicles,
tools - tools and similar projects,
7. receive and process the bills from sub contractors if a large-
scale project undertaken so doing chartering back to
kontrakto r specialist in accordance with the item of work
done.

J. Safety Officer
Safety Officer is the staff that focuses on the management of
occupational safety and health aspects, as well as
environmentally sound project management.

K. Operator
Operatoris someone who operate the heavy equipment in
the project.
Duties and obligations of operators, among others:
1. Operate machinery / equipment properly,
2. maintain cleanliness, condition, and security machinery /
equipment,
3. Reporting to the boss when the machine / equipment is
broken / needs to be repaired.

L. Foreman
Foreman was as manager at line the leading edgewill
determine the achievement of the final outcome of an activity.
The task given to the foreman in the form of participation
chartering and labor for a part of the job should be completed
within a certain period.
The chartering agreement must of course be based on a firm
agreement, clear and professional,as befits applied in the
contract for sub-contract work.
Foreman task is:
1. to read construction drawings,
2. to distinguish the quality of the building materials to be used,
3. Handle reference work, pembesian, casting, and supervise
the work of subordinate labor.

M. Laborers
are people working on the implementation of development
under the direction of a foreman. Worker or handyman has the
task of carrying out the work provided in accordance
dengankeahlian each - each and the worker is entitled to receive
remuneration in accordance with an agreed arrangement.

2.6. Occupational Health and Safety (K3)


The project site is one of the working environment has a big
risk. The management team is the party responsible for the ongoing
development process and also to support and pursue programs that
can ensure to avoid or minimize occupational accidents and
preventive measures.
Construction workers should be trained and educated
properly about the task or job before the work, which will help
prevent injuries and deaths. There are many methods to train
construction workers. One method is to train officers to enter the
construction site safety in everyday verbal exchange them with
workers to reduce work-related accidents.
It is important that workers speak the same language to
ensure the best communication. Another way is to have all
employees know how to work and use of electronic, conveyors,
skid, trucks, aerial lifts, and other equipment at the construction site
properly. In addition, the equipment in the workplace must be
maintained and inspected properly before and after each shift.
Equipment inspection system will help operators to ensure
the machine is reasonable mechanically and in a safe operating
condition. An employee must be assigned to inspect the equipment
to ensure proper security are met. Equipment must have lights and
reflectors if intended for use evenings. Glass in the cabin equipment
must be of safety glass in several countries. Equipment should be
used for tasks that they want at any time at the workplace to ensure
worker safety.
In the construction field, there are several tools used to
protect a person from an accident or hazard that may occur in the
implementation of the project. This equipment must be used by
someone who worked in the construction environment. Personal
protective equipment (PPE) or Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE) must be used by all employees that work, such as
a. project Helm
headgear Serves as objects that can be directly hit the head.

b. Belts
Serves as a safety device when using the means of
transportation or other similar equipment (cars, airplanes, heavy
equipment, etc.)
c. Rubber Shoes (Boots)
Serves as a safety device when working in muddy or muddy.
Largely covered with metal to protect the foot from sharp objects
or heavy, hot objects, chemicals, etc.
d. Sepatu Safety
Seperti sepatu biasa, tapi dari kulit dilapisi logam dengan sol
karet tebal dan kuat. Berfungsi mencegah kecelakaan fatal yang
menabrak kaki akibat tertimpa benda tajam atau berat, benda
panas, cairan kimia, dll.
e. Sarung Tangan
Berfungsi sebagai alat pengaman tangan saat bekerja di
tempat atau situasi yang bisa mengakibatkan cedera tangan.
Bentuk material dan sarung tangan disesuaikan dengan fungsi
masing-masing pekerjaan.
f. Tali Keamanan
Berfungsi sebagai pengaman saat bekerja di ketinggian.
Diperlukan untuk menggunakan alat ini pada ketinggian lebih
dari 1,8 meter.
g. Masker
Ini berfungsi sebagai saringan udara yang dihirup saat
bekerja di tempat dengan kualitas udara yang buruk (misalnya
berdebu, beracun, dll.).
Transmart Carrefour Proyek Cirebon memiliki petugas yang
bertanggung jawab atas keselamatan dan kesehatan, yang disebut
Petugas Keselamatan. Salah satu tugas petugas keamanan adalah
melakukan daftar periksa keselamatan dan kesehatan selama
proyek berlangsung.

Gambar 2.7 SHE PT.PP Persero Tbk


Selain peralatan / peralatan yang digunakan oleh tenaga
kerja, program keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja juga diwujudkan
dalam bentuk 'Hazard Signs' di lokasi proyek. Tanda atau simbol
tersebut bertujuan untuk menghindari kemungkinan kecelakaan pada
pekerja. Simbol dan tanda yang digunakan dalam Proyek Transmart
Carrefour Cirebon adalah:
Gambar 2.8 Tanda Pengaman

2.7. ADMINISTRASI PROYEK


Administrasi proyek adalah bagian dari kontraktor yang
bertanggung jawab atas administrasi yang terkait dengan proyek
antara kontraktor dan pemilik dan dengan departemen pembangunan
kota.
2.7.1. Laporan Harian
Laporan harian dibuat setiap hari oleh kontraktor untuk
menentukan keadaan proyek dan hal-hal lain, seperti:
a. Data tentang pekerja yang digunakan saat ini, seperti jumlah
pekerja, keterampilan pekerja, dan jam kerja.
b. Situasi saat itu dan juga cuaca di lokasi proyek.
c. Bahan dan peralatan yang digunakan dan jumlahnya.
d. Uraian pekerjaan yang telah dilakukan pada hari ini dan juga
sebagai pekerja lembur atau tidak.
2.7.2. Laporan Mingguan
Laporan mingguan adalah bagian dari laporan kegiatan yang
terdiri dari laporan harian yang dibuat secara teratur setiap
minggu. Laporan mingguan berisi deskripsi hari kerja - sehari
sebelumnya, dan kemajuan pekerjaan yang telah dilakukan
selama seminggu.
Sama seperti laporan harian, laporan mingguan juga
bertujuan untuk mengetahui keadaan proyek. Hal-hal yang
tercantum dalam laporan mingguan, seperti:
a. Deskripsi pekerjaan yang telah dilakukan sampai minggu
terakhir, minggu ini, dan total berat kerja sampai minggu ini.
b. Menghitung kemajuan pelaksanaan pekerjaan, menghitung
bobot pekerjaan: pekerjaan nyata, rencana kerja, dan
pekerjaan terlambat atau dalam masa pra-kerja.

Jumlah biaya proyek yang dikeluarkan selama satu


minggu dan rencana biaya akan dikeluarkan minggu depan.