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9/30/2017 0 Comments

The diagram below shows the process of using water to generate electricity for human use.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words and spend 20 minutes.

For the academic IELTS, there are two part task 1 and task 2. In the academic writing, there are 5
kinds of writing tasks i.e Bar graph, Line Graph, Pie Chart, Table and lastly Diagram. Today we
will discuss how to write Diagram effectively. Let,s go for this!

Diagram is totally different from other writing task 1. You will find more or less similarity among
the 4 writing task 1 except diagram. For diagram you need to know some certain rules. It is
similar to process writing. If you can remember process writing, you will find that the process
follows some steps. You have to describe the things step by step. The important thing is you have
to understand from where the process begin and how many steps are there. Sometimes you can
divide that mainly into two parts.

You have to write a general statement and a thesis statement at the beginning as an
introduction. Then you will use some linkers to write the process properly. In this case you
should use some linkers like firstly, secondly, thirdly, afterwards, next, etc.

Fro writing task 1 you will get only 20 minutes to write 180 words, though the requirement of
this task is 150 words, but to elaborate it properly you had better write 180 words. If you want to
finish it timely, you must know time management. By two minutes, you have to understand the
topic and buy another 3 minutes you will revise the writing and the rest of the 15 minutes you
have to write 150 to 180 words.

Sample Answer:

The diagram depicts the process of how the electricity is produced using water. In this picture
two processes are found i.e. the natural process and the artificial mechanical process. The
combination of these two processes, electricity is produced.

Firstly, the natural process has both the condensation and evaporation process. In the natural
process the water is shined by the sun and the water is evaporated into the cloud and the cloud
falls down into the reservoir during the time of rain.

Secondly, the rain water flows from the reservoir to the turbine through pipe where a valve
control the volume of water. Afterwards, the water is pushed back to the reservoir by a pump.
This is the first step of the mechanical process.

Finally, the turbine converts water into electricity. In this part the step two of mechanical process
begins where turbine plays a central role to produce electricity. From the spinning of the turbine,
the electricity is produced and that is sent to the transformer station through a high voltage
cable. After that the electricity becomes ready for the use. By an underground cable the
electricity is sent to the schools, hospitals, factories, household and to the customers.



3/24/2017 0 Comments

IELTS Writing Task- 1- Table:


This table shows the percentage of the population working in the agricultural, manufacturing
and service sectors in 7 European countries in 2014.

The table:

· Look at the bigger figure

· Group information together

· Find the similar patterns in the information

· Organize those patterns into paragraphs

An easy way to group the information is just to write about agriculture, then manufacturing and
then services. It is not enough just to list all the information. You should analyze those figures
and find some patterns to avoid repetition.

Look at the variation from the biggest to the smallest:

Agriculture = 1% (almost nothing) to 30% = huge variation

Manufacturing = 15% to around 40% = significant

Services = 44% to 84% = almost same range

Now link the information together and compare between the different sectors. Following 4 steps
you should write this like all other graphs and charts. First, paraphrase the topic, then write
overall idea like a summary after that give detail description by 2 to 3 para.

A better version:

This table demonstrates the percentage of the population employed in the agricultural,
manufacturing and service areas in 7 European countries in 2014.

Overall, It is straightaway obvious that in each case the highest proportion of people were
employed in the service sector and with one exception, the lowest number of people were
employed in the agriculture sectors.

The table shows the huge variation in the agricultural sectors. In Romania and Ukraine around
30% and 13% of the respective workforces worked in agricultural sectors, while in all the other
countries except this figure was 3.5% or lower.

There was less obvious variation in the manufacturing sector with the percentages fluctuating
from a high of 37.4% in the Czech Republic down to about 15% in the UK and Greece.

There was roughly the identical distinction in the service sector. The Greece, UK, France and
Germany all had around three quarters of the labor force employed in the service industry. By
contrast, around 60% of Czech & Ukrainian workers and less than 45% of Romanian workers
were engaged in the service sectors.

It is notable that people from UK, France, Germany and Greece all had a very low percentage of
people worked in agriculture and a very high amount in services. In contrast, the Czech Republic,
Ukraine and Romania all had a significant percentage of workers either in manufacturing or
agricultural sectors.



3/24/2017 0 Comments

Ways to describe Pie charts:

You may find different types of Pie charts-like some with percentage or without percentage or
number, but for every kind of pie charts the rule is same. By following some techniques, you can
easily learn the description of the pie chart.

The pie charts demonstrate the results of a survey into the most popular leisure activities in the
USA in 1999 and 2009.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons
where relevant.



You should ask following questions before going to write the pie charts:

Number of activities

Is there any similar activities

Do you find any change between these two years activities

How many types of color

If you look at the chart, you will find:

Total 8 leisure activities each year

7 out of 8 activities are same

There are rise and fall in two years leisure activities

Step 1: You should consider following things:

1. The biggest and smallest number

2. What’s gone up & down

3. What hasn’t changed and what is new

You will find following answers:

1. In both periods walking is most popular

2. Weightlifting is new and yoga disappears

3. Swimming becomes double

4. Aerobics, jogging and cycling all goes down

5. Soccer and camping have slight changes

Step 2: How to organize the report:

· Write the main points first

· Write similar group together

Describing percentage in different ways:


Steps to follow:

Paraphrase the topic

Write overview (the main idea of the pie chart)

Paragraph 1

In both years, walking (29% & 30%) is the biggest slice of the pie
Weightlifting has replaced yoga

Paragraph 2:

Mention soccer and swimming first then jogging and aerobics last

Mention the biggest changes – swimming the big riser and cycling, jogging & aerobics all big

A good version

The two pie charts illustrate the changes in popularity of different leisure activities in the United
States of America between 1999 and 2009 over 10 years.

Overall, the most popular leisure activities were almost the same over 10 years. Among all the
leisure activities walking was the most popular in both years and the yoga was replaced by

It is obvious that walking was the most popular activity in both 1999 and 2009 with around 30%
of Americans preferred it. On the other hand, yoga has disappeared in 2009, while weightlifting
was preferred by 10% of people.

Swimming in 2009, became almost doubled from 9% to 18% in popularity. The second most
popular activity was soccer at just under 20%. Most of the other activities became less popular
over the same period, with cycling, jogging and aerobics all falling by half to under 10%. Camping
with around 9% remained almost unchanged over two decades. In stark contrast, around half
Americans went cycling in 2009 compared to ten years earlier and it became less popular than
camping, at 7% and 9% respectively.


3/21/2017 0 Comments

IELTS Writing Task -1, Bar Graph

Following some easy steps, You can learn how to describe bar chart. By following these
instructions, you can learn the bar chart in a minute!!


The bar chart below demonstrates the various types of accommodation chosen by the British
when they went on holiday in 2010. Summarize the facts by selecting and reporting the main
features, and make comparisons where relevant.


In the bar graph you should remember following things:

· Link ideas together

· Identify the key points

· Ask yourself which is the biggest/longest

· Think colors and lengths.

· At first Look don’t read.

· Look at the biggest/the smallest

· Look for similar types.

· Notice exceptions

· Look at the chart and think for 3/4 minutes

· Make notes on important matter what you are going to write

In this bar chart you will find

Hotels (at over 50%) were the most common form of accommodation

Self-catering((just below 30%) was second most popular with one major exception

Caravan and camping (around 10%) holidays were typically least popular an exception

England, Scotland and Wales follow a broadly similar pattern except Scotland

Caravanning in Northern Ireland is exceptional

How to organize this Bar Chart:

You can write this bar chart more than one way! Either you can choose each type of
accommodation or you can state country one by one. So which one will you follow??? You must
select the simpler one! In this bar chart, we find that among the 4 countries 3 countries are
almost same, though Northern Ireland has similarity but it has little exception!

You should follow some steps to write this chart

Paraphrase the title of the bar graph

Write the overview which is considered as the conclusion and this is the main part of this task as
your score will be given on the basis of this overview!. Remember on thing that there is no
conclusion of the task 1, rather it is like a report or a piece of news. You know that in the news
there is no conclusion.

Then explain the trend or group of the information of the bar graph one by one. You need not
write any paragraph. Just describe.
Answer of the Bar Chart:

This bar chart illustrates the holiday accommodation selected by people in the UK in 2010.

Overall, it is possible to say that the English, Scottish, Northern and Welsh had very similar
choices and hotels were the most popular type of accommodation.

In all four countries, around 50% people selected to stay in hotels. This percentage was highest
in England with around 55%, which was two times more than the number of people (27%) who
cooked for themselves and greater than the number of people(12%) who stayed in campsites.

The same pattern was found for the Scots and the Welsh. In each case, around 50% of
holidaymakers took the hotels as their accommodation and with around 30% people went for
self-catering apartments. The one exception was caravan holidays at 12%, which was more
popular than camping holidays in Scotland. On the other hand, the opposite pattern was found
in the Wales.

But the one country Northern Ireland shows a different pattern. In this country, over 30% of the
people chose caravan which was more popular than self-catering accommodation and camping
(both around 12%).



12/30/2016 0 Comments


Bar Graph

Pie Chart


Line Graph





In Writing Task -1, there are 5 kinds of topics i.e Bar Graph, line Graph, Pie Chart, Table and
Diagram. In the IELTS Exam only one type of topic may come or it might come combinedly like
bar graph or pie chart or line graph or pie chart together. Except Diagram, rest of the 4 can be
described more or less similar way. Following some strategies, you can ensure better score in
writing Task -1.

Tips-1: Some people consider Writing Task-1 as Writing Task-2, actually that is not true at all.
Task-1 is a report like a news in the news paper. We know news in the newspaper never follow
any conventional rules like essay writing. The news has no introduction, body or conclusion. In
the same way in the writing task-1, there is no introduction, body or conclusion rather it is
written like a report in the news paper. On the other hand, writing Task-2, follow the
conventional rules of essay writing like introduction, body and conclusion.

Tips-2: In the IELTS Writing Task-, there are some particular vocabularies which are only used to
describe graph, charts and diagram, like “Soar “and “rocket” are both very strong words that
describe large rises. “Rocket” is more sudden and no need to qualify these verbs with adverbs.
“Leap” also shows a large and sudden rise. Here also you need not use qualifying words like
adverb.“Climb” is a neutral verb that can be used with the adverbs. Other words like rise, fall,
remain unchanged, dramatically increased, sharply declined should be used to describe the
trend of the graph or chart.

Tips-3: Except diagram, rest of the 4 kinds of writing task-1 has no introduction, body or
conclusion. Pie chart, bar graph, line graph and table follow same rules and order. At first you
should write thesis statement, then overview( it is the main idea of the graph. depending on
your main idea an examiner gives score on your writing. It should be written in one sentence. If
you cannot write it in one sentence, go for two sentence. Here, you will just address key points
of the graph specially highest and lowest trends and the exceptional one.

Tips-4: In the body of the graph, you should not write more than 2 paragraph. Before writing the
body, just divide the graph or chart into group like higher trend or lower trend or age group or
country. After that you should compare the trend within the group and at last you should
compare one group with another group.

Tips-5: You should never write conclusion as you know that there are no conclusion in the news.
So, just writing your body, you can finish your writing task-1. Remember that you should not
write less than 150 words. If you write more than 150 words, there are no problems. How much
time you should spend for writing task-1? You will get only 20 minutes for writing task-1 and you
need to spend 5 minutes for planning and organizing your task-1. So, rest of the 15 minutes you
should spend for your writing. Practice at your home and find out how much you can write on
that particular time. It is suggested that it is better if you practice 180 words by 15 minutes. You
should also remember that Writing task-1 is less important than writing task-2.