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Cellular Expert 4.

Release Notes

Release is dedicated to multi-user environment (accessing SDE database connection), Radio
Links Predictions, improvements of coverage prediction performance working with high amount of
data and network optimization.

Copyright © 1999-2014 Cellular-Expert. All rights reserved. Cellular Expert and Cellular Expert logo are registered trademarks, and are
service marks of Cellular Expert in Lithuania and some other countries. In the United States and in some countries ArcGIS, Spatial Analyst, 3D Analyst, ArcSDE are registered
trademarks of Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. The names of other products herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective trademark owners.

Table of Contents

1 Main improvements _________________________________________________ 3
1.1 PCI Assignment _______________________________________________________ 3
1.2 3D Coverage Predictions ________________________________________________ 5
1.3 Best Server Overlap Tool ________________________________________________ 7
1.3.1 User Interface ______________________________________________________________ 7
1.3.2 Prediction Results ___________________________________________________________ 8
1.4 Satellite _____________________________________________________________ 11
1.5 File Geodatabase _____________________________________________________ 14
1.6 Share Prediction Path For Multiple Users ___________________________________ 15
1.7 Neighborhood/Impact Matrix _____________________________________________ 16
1.8 Process large extent calculations up to 70% faster ___________________________ 16
2 New functionality and updated tools __________________________________ 19
2.1 Radio Links Predictions ________________________________________________ 19
2.2 Save Time With Renewed Radio Properties Dialog __________________________ 23
2.3 Prediction Model Manager ______________________________________________ 23
2.4 Validate Geographical Data Before starting Calculations _______________________ 25
2.5 Update Workspace in Remote Server Easier ________________________________ 26
2.6 SDE Database without Cellular Expert SDE Connector ________________________ 27
2.7 Start/Stop preferred Jobs in Task Scheduler ________________________________ 27
2.8 Opened Project Even With the Invalid Workspace Paths _______________________ 28
2.9 Error log button _______________________________________________________ 29
2.10 Sector Direction ______________________________________________________ 29
2.11 Power Flux Density ____________________________________________________ 30
2.12 Draw Field Strength for Transmission Sectors _______________________________ 31
2.13 Signal Information _____________________________________________________ 31



For endlessly growing Long Term Evolution (LTE) network appears a question how to determine
optimal LTE network parameters to ensure continuous and high quality connection? For that
topical task, Cellular Expert 4.3 version has new optimization tool named PCI Assignment.

We designed Cellular Expert PCI Assignment tool for LTE network Physical Cell Identity (PCI)
planning tasks like:
• Current PCI plan analysis;
• Optimal PCI assessment for the new sites;
• Whole network PCI reallocation/optimization.

Analysis and optimization takes into account:
• First-and second-order neighbors to find/avoid collisions and confusions;
• PSS ID and Frequency Shift (MOD3 and MOD6 rules) for smooth downlink connection
• Sequence Shift (MOD30 rule) for smooth uplink connection establishment.

PCI Assignment tool is located in Cellular Expert Optimization toolbar.

Figure 1. PCI Assignment dialog


Values in brackets is from Check calculation option and others near them – new values from Retune calculation option. Neighbors list It is important to locate table with Neighborhood information about selected objects. Check options calculation Retune Retune is an option that optimizes whole network. For that use Create Unique cell tool. there are two sources and related neighbor information in PCI Assignment dialog box. PCI Assignment dialog. From the second table you can see sectors among which these collisions and confusions occur.Note: sectors must be unique before PCI Assignment calculation. Figure below are showing Retune option calculations. Note: from the first table you can see retune objectives collisions amount and area information and confusions amount and area information. This table (typically named SectorNI) should be prepared before starting PCI Assignment tool. 4 . Check Choosing this option you will check all selected sectors for collisions and confusions. As you can see. Figure 2. There are several calculated values.

PCI Assignment dialog. Figure 3.Note: for example after Check calculation was 256 collisions and 1734 confusions and after retune calculation – 0 collisions and 0 confusions. Retune options calculation 1. 5 .2 3D COVERAGE PREDICTIONS Nowadays there is a need to ensure that all network information is defined accurately and visualize network performance in 3D to see in-building coverage (predict and visualize network coverage on different floor levels). 3D Coverage prediction calculation results are loaded into table of contents in a sequence from highest receiver height on the top to the lowest at the bottom of the list. Unique 3D capabilities enhance precise radio network planning and optimization accuracy. Cellular Expert 3D coverage prediction tools are designed for vertical planning in urban environment with high buildings. 3D calculation results’ visualization parameters are configured in a Cellular Expert Workspace properties dialog by defining proper symbology file.

Figure 4. Extrusion level is defined by adding extrusion value or expression. serving cell or other three dimensional coverage views. Leaving the textbox empty coverage layer Z value will be set to 0. o Define floating surface by selecting elevation layers in a textbox or setting the path to elevation raster. 6 . Coverage calculation results are extruded vertically to create signal strength. Figure 5. Workspace Properties dialog Visualization tab For a three dimensional view calculations results are loaded in ArcScene using Load 3D Coverage tool. Depending on analysis preferences tool allows you to set coverage preview parameters accordingly: o Leave floating value field empty for a flat surface. Three dimensional coverage views could be analyzed on a flat surface or using elevation raster height values. Coverage results with different extrusion values  Floating on a custom surface. To load coverage predictions you need to set results database and custom data visualization parameters:  Extrusion value or expression.

signal difference in dB between Nth and first sectors and maximum allowable area overlap percentage.1 User Interface The tool opens dialog allowing to define the following parameters: . Store N best servers in the results folder. To use the tool. It can be used to plan radio frequency resources more efficiently and reduce interference in the network by controlling areas served by too many sectors.Best server overlap table: defines allowable limits for best server overlap. . Open Best Server Overlap tool. 1. . In the result. area percentages will be generated as table fields for supplied territory polygons layer. Figure 6.Territory polygons: the shapefile denoting area boundaries in the form of polygons for which overlap statistics will be generated.3. define criteria for area overlap and run calculations. including Nth best server number (comparing signal level to the first strongest best server).N best servers folder: the results folder where N bets server predictions are stored.3 BEST SERVER OVERLAP TOOL Best Server Overlap tool allows predicting overlap areas between several serving sectors. Coverage results shown using flat surface (on the left) and floating on an elevation surface (on the right) parameters 1. first calculate N best servers up to required number N for overlap analysis. 7 .

NBS2.contains area overlap percentage for the corresponding N best server signals HIGH_VAL – indicator if area overlap percentage is out of allowable limits. NBS4.After defining parameters in the table. HIGH_VAL in the territory polygons feature class.2 Prediction Results Prediction results are stored in the fields NBS2. Input data in the geoprocessing form 1. Figure 8. Calculated results in the form of polygon feature class Predicted results in the form of area polygons are loaded on the map in the following group layer structure. … . 8 . Figure 7. … .3. click OK to run predictions. NBS4.

Figure 9. Areas marked with red have higher percentage of BS overlap than allowed 9 . BS overlap layers loaded into ArcMap Table Of Contents Figure 10.

The detailed analysis can be performed using Identify command showing for which particular best server number overlap percentage is out of allowable limit. Figure 11. Percentage of area overlap between two servers within signal difference of 5 dB (according to given tabular data in NBS_OVERLAP) Best server of each sector is added as a different visualization of the same polygon feature class. 10 .

This is the reason we have decided to implement three new Satellite tools into Cellular Expert 4. with your loved ones at home. 11 .with your next port of call. you need satellite communications to stay in touch . They are all related with each other and you can find them using ArcGIS Customize menu.4 SATELLITE When you are rather far from civilization and radio communications fall out of reach. Analysis of overlapping best servers using Identify command 1. with your business partners and maybe you need help or come to the aid of someone.3:  GeoSatellite Manager for creating satellites. Satellite communication simulations is a functionality that is in high demand among Cellular Expert users.  Satellite tool for determining terminal antenna parameters  Satellite Footprint Prediction for creating satellite coverage predictions. Figure 12.

With this tool you can create new satellite. Each beam may have assigned frequency band. GeoSatellite Manager dialog Beam Each satellite may have multibeam antenna to cover specific selected areas on Earth’s surface. ArcGIS Customize menu Open GeoSatellite Manager . Figure 14. Figure 13. For this purpose a number of beam center positions can be entered to represent focused areas. 12 .

Figure 16. Figure 15. New beam creation Footprint zones Satellite footprint zones define areas on Earth surface from which satellite is visible above horizon at each location (i. use Satellite footprint prediction tool. terminal station antenna’s elevation is greater than zero). Satellite dialog To calculate satellite terminal antenna orientation angles and satellite footprint coverage rasters. 13 . Open Satellite tool for choosing antenna location coordinates and orientation angles. Usually several footprint zones are drawn on the map for elevation angles 0. 5 and 10 degrees.e.

you have to change Calculation Result Database Type to . 14 . Satellite footprint prediction 1. Figure 18.gdb directory). Figure 17. add . Creating File Geodatabase workspace If you want to have predictions in File Geodatabase.5 FILE GEODATABASE Now you are able to save your workspace and predictions in File Geodatabase (.gdb prefix near your new workspace project name.gdb in your Workspace Properties dialog. If you want to create workspace with File Geodatabase.

xml files. One of the examples: planners work with dedicated to them network 15 . Figure 20.mdb is moved to .6 SHARE PREDICTION PATH FOR MULTIPLE USERS Cellular Expert 4. Currently changes are made for Point-to-Area calculations: data from Predictions. Figure 19. new files are generated.3 is the first version. which implements strategy to stop using database for prediction results (active workspace locks the database and it cannot be edited from other sources). Calculation database type 1. Workspace properties Management of . Workspace Properties.xml files and prediction grids is fully automatic: when something is missing or corrupted. This new functionality allows to share the same Prediction Path for multiple users and run predictions at the same time.

1. Best server and other primary results generation. Neighborhood/Impact Matrix Calculation Radio networks need to handle non-unique local physical identifiers of cells to support efficient measurement and reporting procedures. have different network databases and projects. Figure 21.objects. 1.3 we have Neighborhood/Impact Matrix for different technologies.8 PROCESS LARGE EXTENT CALCULATIONS UP TO 70% FASTER Cellular Expert 4. i. merging all the data. but the predictions can be stored in one location for the country scale calculations.e. the received power of the signature sequence symbols associated with a particular PCI) of candidate cells and report to the serving cell (the cell serving the mobile at the moment). It is important to detect and resolve local PCI conflicts. in LTE a mobile is required to measure the reference signal received power (RSRP) (i.e. 16 . This covers Fields Strength. Innovations in mobile network forced us to react to these changes and add new functionality dedicated for LTE and UMTS/HSDPA interference calculations to our existing tools. when two cells in the vicinity of each other uses the same PCI. Now in Cellular Expert 4.7 NEIGHBORHOOD/IMPACT MATRIX Previous Neighborhood/Impact Matrix was dedicated for GSM/TETRA interference calculations.3 version beside typical prediction calculation process has an optimized algorithm. to avoid ambiguities in the measurement reports. For example. which speeds up data processing for country scale point-to-area networks.

Entire extent is divided into parts in accordance with Grid Cell Size parameter and at the end – they are merged. Workspace Properties dialog and calculations Influence of Grid Cell Size value is presented in the demo project (next page). that the calculation extent will be divided into 120km x 120km parts. Grid Cell Size represents the size of parts in kilometers and can be adjusted via Workspace Properties dialog. 17 . For example value 120 means. Figure 22.

Total number of sectors – 1000. Site predictions: calculated in advance. cell size 40m. Duration of Field Strength together with Best Server calculation: Grid Cell Size Cell Size for results (pred. With 40m resolution – 117 million points. Intel® Xeon® CPU E3-1225 V2 @ 3.Territory for the analysis: Iceland. 360km x 520km. Prediction model radius: 35km. RAM 8 GB. each with 2 sectors. model radius and Parts 40m 80m 160m kilometers) (117 mln points) (29 mln points) (7. Network: 500 sites.3 mln points) 35x5714=200000 1 4hours15mins 1hour47mins 55mins 35x8=280 4 2hours16mins 1hour04mins 35mins 35x7=245 6 2hours23mins 1hour00mins 34mins 35x6=210 6 1hours42mins 59mins 38mins 35x5=175 9 1hours27mins 47mins 32mins 35x4=140 12 1hours23mins 48mins 42mins 18 .20GHz. Testing environment: 64-bit Windows 7. HDD 150MB/s 7200RPM.

when the extent covers 100 square kilometers or more and the size of the parts is three-five times larger than used prediction model radius. in which you have to select preferred calculation and fill needed parameters depending on selected calculations. 35x3=105 20 1hours14mins 51mins 53mins 1hours16mins 35x2=70 48 1hours14mins 1hours08mins (3mln. grid cell size value should be tuned manually. It depends on the extent size.2 and previous versions. Wanted Signal and Interference calculations are now combined and managed from one tool – Radio Links Predictions. 19 . sites locations (coverage overlapping). With previous functionality you needed to calculate Wanted Signal. then Interference and after that – recalculate Wanted Signal to include interference results. number of points (prediction model radius. Now you are able to perform both calculations at once and get Wanted signal with evaluated interference influence without any manual recalculations. Until the self-tuning mechanism is developed. There is no optimal grid cell size value suitable for all cases. etc. 2 NEW FUNCTIONALITY AND UPDATED TOOLS 2. Prediction calculation is based on wizard type dialog. cell size).) Improvement in 70% 57% 42% percent Note: Improvement in percent is calculated using equation 100%-(ShortestTime*100/ LongestTime) The advantage of dividing calculations into parts appears in country scale networks.1 RADIO LINKS PREDICTIONS Compared to Cellular Expert 4. Radio Links Predictions tool is located in Cellular Expert Radio Links toolbar.

until you correct the data. or you can pick objects using SQL query (From query option). write query directly into the field or use Build… button to open SQL query dialog. Check data Select this option before starting calculation to activate input data checking.Main parameters Selected/From query You can include into prediction all selected objects (use Selected option). This will check selected objects and will inform you. First step . if any attributes‘ values are invalid. Radio Links Predictions dialog. If calculation with existing data is impossible. Figure 23. 20 . it will not let you to start calculation. In current case. Note: You can use From query functionality to select links with preferred StatusID values.

Otherwise.  Multipath. rain and cross-polarization fading percentages. Interference Select to perform interference prediction. Re-predict If Repredict checkbox is checked. Therefore. Radio Links Predictions dialog. for path loss calculations. Note: Path loss is calculated based on propagation model which is specified in sector properties inside Object Inspector tool for each sector at the both ends of radio link.  Performance and availability.calculations Path loss Select to calculate path loss or use values from previous calculations. thermal fade margin. propagation prediction models should be created in advance. Second step . the profile is calculated only once for a particular path. which calculates:  Power budget. including receiver signal level. which includes path loss and power budget calculations. Wanted Signal Select this option to perform wanted signal prediction. profile is re-predicted each time procedure is executed. Click Next button to define/adjust calculation parameters. Figure 24. composite fade margin and bit error ratio. including individual and common objectives. 21 .

Interference parameters You can establish interference links between From and To object groups:  Selected-Selected – interference is evaluated only between selected links. Links which power is below this level are not created. If you do not have calculated Wanted signal for all other links. Note: Wanted signal is always calculated only for the selected/queried links. because of not calculated wanted signal. If you choose Both direction option. then additionally interference from all to selected ones are calculated. in some Selected-All or All-selected cases you may get interfered links SIR values with no data. To solve that. It switches off all filtering that depend on frequency and interference level. and leave only distance filter thus including all possible interference propagation paths. Note: with this option interference links are created even between carries from totally different frequencies. you should run Wanted signal calculation for these links.  All-selected – interference is evaluated from all to selected links. Min interference power level Choose minimum power level for interference link creation. Figure 25. Without this option – only between overlapping carriers. If you choose Both direction option. Note: to change value. then additionally interference from selected to all other links in the Cellular Expert workspace is calculated. Radio Links Predictions dialog.  All-all – interference between all links in the current Cellular Expert workspace is calculated.  Selected-all – interference is evaluated from selected to all other links in the active Cellular Expert workspace. Do not limit interference level (for automated frequency assignment) Use this option when you want to calculate interference for automated frequency assignment tool. 22 . click button to open Radio Links Options dialog.

2.Filter links by:  Distance – define Min and Max radius for the transmitter’s potential interference distance.  Channel – evaluate interference only from/to the same channel as signal links or from selected channels list. their parameters and create new ones from one view.transmitter and receiver. 23 . There is no need to click Use Radio Model Data button.  Carrier – select only co-channel interference evaluation or up to nine adjacent channels. Figure 26.  FML – define fade margin loss threshold.3 PREDICTION MODEL MANAGER With intention to save your time.  Frequency – include only transmitters with carriers from Min to Max frequency range. 2. BER-06 or BER-03 error level. Radio Properties Changing radio system now is simplified: user selects new radio and all parameters are automatically loaded for both .  Interference margin – define interference margin level in dB and use C/I or BER(SNR) criteria. You do not need to open additional dialogs to preview each parameter anymore.2 SAVE TIME WITH RENEWED RADIO PROPERTIES DIALOG Previous Radio Properties dialog design consists of separate tabs for transmitter and receiver. we improved Prediction Model Manager allowing you to see list of existing models. Now information from both tabs is merged into one view.

Selected model’s parameters are displayed in the right part of the dialog. Description field in Prediction Models 24 . Additionally Description field for each prediction model was created and now you can write down your notes and comments: Figure 28. New Prediction Model Manager All created models are listed in the left part of the dialog and grouped by prediction model type. Figure 27.

2.4 VALIDATE GEOGRAPHICAL DATA BEFORE STARTING CALCULATIONS Prediction Model Manager now has a functionality to check input data referred in the prediction model. This ensures. Validation from Prediction Model Manager is initiated for the selected prediction model. that all needed references are valid and there are no possible issues due to no longer existing input data. Path validation for all the models in the project can be done using updated Workspace Integrity tool. Prediction Model manager. Figure 29. 25 . Validate Information about missing data is displayed in the appeared message.

shared file directory on the intranet or SQL. Figure 31. a new tool was developed: .5 UPDATE WORKSPACE IN REMOTE SERVER EASIER To simplify Cellular Expert workspace upgrade when it is located in a remote server (SQL. Copy to local 26 . regardless of whether the data paths lead to local disk. Oracle server. Oracle). Figure 30. It can be added to preferred toolbar from the Customize menu and used to create a copy of the remote workspace. Database Integrity Integrity tool generates log file where all missing input data is listed for each existing prediction model. 2.

2. including prediction database and prediction grids. No additional settings are required. create a new default workspace with default parameters. 27 . taking spatial reference and extent from SDE objects. Made copy can be upgraded with standard Cellular Expert Upgrade tool and copied back to the server. Figure 32. An example of Cellular Expert project when accessing SDE workspace with Cellular Expert SDE Connector database (SDE_Project_1) and without it (SDE_Project_2) How to upload your local project to SDE: 1.  If you do not have needed set of files.All data related to Cellular Expert Workspace is copied to chosen location. A new functionality enables you to access SDE database connection directly – without Cellular Expert SDE Connector. 3. Then delete local network database and open workspace from SDE. Result and Prediction directories with Predictions.7 START/STOP PREFERRED JOBS IN TASK SCHEDULER Improved Task Scheduler (for Point-to-Area and Radio Links) allows to manage new jobs while others are proceeded and append them to the task list. working in multiple user environment becomes easier. Save them as versioned.6 SDE DATABASE WITHOUT CELLULAR EXPERT SDE CONNECTOR From now. This also means that all settings and values in dialogs become common to all users. 2. 2. Connecting to existing SDE workspace:  Be sure you have all local files (Calculation. Copy all tables from Cellular Expert network database to SDE using ArcGIS tools. check the paths in CE_WORKSPACE table and corresponding to them. as set in CE_WORKSPACE table.mdb) in the right locations. Remove local database file. Also Copy to Local functionality can be used as a backup to store server side information locally.

Results path. In this case there is no need to cancel the rest of the jobs: failed one can be edited (even new sites and sectors can be selected) and appended for the implementation. 2. Figure 33. This includes Prediction path. where workspace paths are checked. After the message. all this data can be accessed and corrected via Workspace Properties dialog. Note: that asynchronous mode exploits the advantages of multicore processors and allows to process two or more jobs at the same time .mxd) or loading Cellular Expert Workspace in the existing one initiates validation procedure. 28 .8 OPENED PROJECT EVEN WITH THE INVALID WORKSPACE PATHS Starting project (. Task Scheduler.shorten the total calculation time twice or even more. when one of the jobs fails. Append The main advantage compared to the older version appears. Elevation and References.

We improved this feature and now you can select more than one sector. In this case Select Sectors dialog will appear and you will be able to choose one sector from the selection by SiteID and SectorID: 29 . Error log button in Workspace menu 2.9 ERROR LOG BUTTON From Cellular Expert 4. In earlier Cellular Expert versions. in case you selected more than one object. Workspace menu. Figure 34.3 error log can be called from Cellular Expert toolbar. you got an error message with request to select only one. Workspace Properties This functionality saves users time (previous versions do not allow to load workspace with missing data at all) by identifying incorrect data locations and allowing to fix that directly from Cellular Expert interface. 2.10 SECTOR DIRECTION Sector Direction is used to calculate optimal antenna direction (tilt and azimuth) for a single sector. Figure 35.

Selected links are displayed in the left corner of the dialog and identified by From/To sector labels. Channel name with carrier number and polarization. we’ve made some adjustments. with calculation results displayed in the table and chart. 30 . what was calculated. read-only Link field will represent the link. Figure 37. Power flux density dialog When calculation is done. So you always know. Select Sectors dialog Select row with preferred SiteID and SectorID and continue using this tool. Sector Direction. Figure 36. 2.11 POWER FLUX DENSITY To make Power Flux Density Analysis tool more informative.

Since some of our customers use Radio Links with sector antennas and predict them not only with Radio Links tools. because Cellular Expert 4. Signal Information tool will be filled with information about every sector signal power. use ArcGIS Customize menu. but also with Cellular prediction. 31 . Customize menu Open Signal Information tool and place a point on the map. which was calculated before.13 SIGNAL INFORMATION From now.2. You have to find and add it to preferred toolbar. we made a new tool specially for this case. Figure 39. To do that.12 DRAW FIELD STRENGTH FOR TRANSMISSION SECTORS Standard Cellular Expert Draw Field Strength tool works with Cellular type sectors. This information comes out from your project prediction catalog. You can find this tool from Customize menu: Figure 38.3 has a signal information tool to show sectors signal power in one location. Draw Field Strength tool for Transmission sectors 2. there is no need to search information about sectors signal power in attribute table or use ArcGIS identify tool by clicking on map. www.cellular-expert. You can define this location in Degrees Minutes Seconds or MGRS by pressing button We are thankful to everyone who contributed to this release by giving feedback with suggestions about improvements and for letting us know the real needs of a daily user.php 32 .cellular-expert. Decimal Degrees. Signal Information Location Shows chosen point coordinates. what you would like to see in future releases. do not hesitate to contact us by email or by our support system. If you have any suggestions on. Figure http://support.