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PVSYST V6.

67 04/03/18 Page 1/4

Stand Alone System: Simulation parameters

Project : thesis_attempt4
Geographical Site Dacca Country Bangladesh
Situation Latitude 23.77° N Longitude 90.38° E
Time defined as Legal Time Time zone UT+6 Altitude 19 m

L
Albedo 0.20
Meteo data: Dacca MeteoNorm 7.1 station - Synthetic

Simulation variant : thesis4


Simulation date

R
04/03/18 23h28
IA
Simulation parameters
Collector Plane Orientation

t Tilt 15° T Azimuth 18°


Models used

PV Array Characteristics
PV module
s y
a-Si:H tripple
s
Transposition

Model
Perez

XR12-100
Diffuse Perez, Meteonorm

Original PVsyst database


Number of PV modules

Array global power


P
Total number of PV modules V
Array operating characteristics (50°C)
Manufacturer
In series
Nb. modules
Nominal (STC)
U mpp
Xunlight Corporation
1 modules
1
100 Wp
18 V
In parallel
Unit Nom. Power
At operating cond.
I mpp
1 strings
100 Wp
94 Wp (50°C)
5.1 A
Total area Module area 1.6 m²

PV Array loss factors


Thermal Loss factor Uc (const) 20.0 W/m²K Uv (wind) 0.0 W/m²K / m/s
Wiring Ohmic Loss Global array res. 62 mOhm Loss Fraction 1.5 % at STC
Serie Diode Loss Voltage Drop 0.7 V Loss Fraction 3.4 % at STC
Module Quality Loss Loss Fraction 2.5 %
Module Mismatch Losses Loss Fraction 1.5 % (fixed voltage)
Strings Mismatch loss Loss Fraction 0.10 %
Incidence effect, ASHRAE parametrization IAM = 1 - bo (1/cos i - 1) bo Param. 0.05

System Parameter System type Stand Alone System


Battery Model Enersol 78
Manufacturer Exide Classic
Battery Pack Characteristics Voltage 12 V Nominal Capacity 55 Ah
Nb. of units 1
Temperature Fixed (25°C)
Controller Model SLX 1010
Manufacturer Steca
Technology uP, Shunt transistor Temp coeff. -5.0 mV/°C/elem.
Battery Management control Threshold commands as Battery voltage
Charging 14.1 / 12.5 V Corresp. SOC 0.91 / 0.75
Discharging 11.8 / 12.2 V Corresp. SOC 0.20 / 0.45

User's needs : Daily household consumers Constant over the year


average 0.1 kWh/Day

PVsyst Evaluation mode


PVSYST V6.67 04/03/18 Page 2/4

Stand Alone System: Detailed User's needs


Project : thesis_attempt4
Simulation variant : thesis4
Main system parameters System type Stand alone
PV Field Orientation tilt 15° azimuth 18°

L
PV modules Model XR12-100 Pnom 100 Wp
PV Array Nb. of modules 1 Pnom total 100 Wp

IA
Battery Model Enersol 78 Technology vented, plates
User's needs Daily household consumers Constant over the year global 42 kWh/year

Daily household consumers, Constant over the year, average = 0.1 kWh/day

Annual values
T R
Lamps (LED or fluo)

y s t Number
1
Power
30 W/lamp
Use
3 h/day
Energy
90 Wh/day

s
Stand-by consumers 24 h/day 24 Wh/day
Total daily energy 114 Wh/day

P V
35
Hourly profile
Fraction of daily enegy [%]

30
25
20
15
10
5

0
0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24

PVsyst Evaluation mode


PVSYST V6.67 04/03/18 Page 3/4

Stand Alone System: Main results


Project : thesis_attempt4
Simulation variant : thesis4
Main system parameters System type Stand alone
PV Field Orientation tilt 15° azimuth 18°

L
PV modules Model XR12-100 Pnom 100 Wp
PV Array Nb. of modules 1 Pnom total 100 Wp

IA
Battery Model Enersol 78 Technology vented, plates
User's needs Daily household consumers Constant over the year global 42 kWh/year

Main simulation results


System Production Available Energy
Used Energy
127.0 kWh/year

T R
Specific prod.
41.6 kWh/year Excess (unused)
1270 kWh/kWp/year
80.4 kWh/year

t
Performance Ratio PR 21.76 % Solar Fraction SF 100.00 %
Loss of Load Time Fraction 0.0 % Missing Energy 0.0 kWh/year

Normalized productions (per installed kWp):


8
Lu : Unused energy (full battery)

s 2.2 kWh/kWp/day
y s
Nominal power 100 Wp
1.2
Performance Ratio PR and Solar Fraction SF

PR : Performance Ratio (Yf / Yr) : 0.218

V
Lc : Collection Loss (PV-array losses) 1.76 kWh/kWp/day SF : Solar Fraction (ESol / ELoad) : 1.000
7 Ls : System losses and battery charging 0.14 kWh/kWp/day
Yf : Energy supplied to the user 1.14 kWh/kWp/day 1.0

P
[kWh/kWp/day]

0.8
Performance Ratio PR

5
Energy

4 0.6

3
Normalized

0.4

0.2
1

0 0.0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

thesis4
Balances and main results

GlobHor GlobEff E Avail EUnused E Miss E User E Load SolFrac


kWh/m² kWh/m² kWh kWh kWh kWh kWh

January 130.5 152.5 10.28 6.137 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000


February 130.3 143.3 9.78 6.257 0.000 3.192 3.192 1.000
March 177.6 185.7 12.72 8.662 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000
April 177.2 174.5 12.03 8.270 0.000 3.420 3.420 1.000
May 177.8 167.1 11.59 7.713 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000
June 147.9 137.3 9.58 5.836 0.000 3.420 3.420 1.000
July 152.9 141.9 9.88 6.000 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000
August 140.4 132.7 9.25 5.336 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000
September 144.8 145.7 10.06 6.228 0.000 3.420 3.420 1.000
October 140.2 149.4 10.25 6.046 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000
November 139.2 163.0 11.02 7.231 0.000 3.420 3.420 1.000
December 130.3 157.9 10.60 6.718 0.000 3.534 3.534 1.000

Year 1789.1 1850.9 127.05 80.434 0.000 41.610 41.610 1.000

Legends: GlobHor Horizontal global irradiation E Miss Missing energy


GlobEff Effective Global, corr. for IAM and shadings E User Energy supplied to the user
E Avail Available Solar Energy E Load Energy need of the user (Load)
EUnused Unused energy (full battery) loss SolFrac Solar fraction (EUsed / ELoad)

PVsyst Evaluation mode


PVSYST V6.67 04/03/18 Page 4/4

Stand Alone System: Loss diagram


Project : thesis_attempt4
Simulation variant : thesis4
Main system parameters System type Stand alone
PV Field Orientation tilt 15° azimuth 18°

L
PV modules Model XR12-100 Pnom 100 Wp
PV Array Nb. of modules 1 Pnom total 100 Wp

IA
Battery Model Enersol 78 Technology vented, plates
User's needs Daily household consumers Constant over the year global 42 kWh/year

R
Loss diagram over the whole year

T
1789 kWh/m²

y s t Horizontal global irradiation


+6.9% Global incident in coll. plane

V s1851 kWh/m² * 2 m² coll.


-3.2% IAM factor on global

Effective irradiance on collectors

P
efficiency at STC = 6.33% PV conversion

185.4 kWh Array nominal energy (at STC effic.)


-1.8% PV loss due to irradiance level

-8.0% PV loss due to temperature

+0.2% Spectral correction for amorphous

-2.5% Module quality loss


-1.6% Mismatch loss, modules and strings
-5.2% Ohmic wiring loss

-16.6% Loss by respect to the MPP running

-63.2% Unused energy (full battery) loss

Missing energy
46.6 kWh Effective energy at the output of the array
0.0%
0.0 kWhDirect use
Stored Battery Storage
4.1%95.9% +0.7% Battery Stored Energy balance

-7.1% Battery efficiency loss


-2.8% Charge/Disch. Current Efficiency Loss
-1.7% Gassing Current (electrolyte dissociation)
-1.1% Battery Self-discharge Current
41.6 kWh Energy supplied to the user
41.6 kWh Energy need of the user (Load)

PVsyst Evaluation mode