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Drilled Shaft Construction

Drilled Shaft Drilled shafts are constructed in diameters

Construction ranging from 18 inches to 12 feet or more
to provide deep foundations for buildings,
bridges, and retaining walls, and to stabilize
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Highly specialized construction techniques
Teknik Sipil S1- Universitas Riau have been developed to install drilled shafts
in conditions ranging from soft soils to hard

An auger is used to drill

Auger into soil that is strong Auger
enough to support itself
without casing or slurry.
The auger is inserted and A variety of types of
withdrawn repeatedly while augers have been
rotating, to drill a hole to developed for different
the required depth.
soil conditions.
Then the drilled hole is
filled with concrete, usually
with steel reinforcing so
that the drilled shaft will be This drill is designed
capable of resisting
bending moments and
for drilling into rock.
uplift as well as
compressive loads.
Auger This belling tool was
developed to make it
possible to construct
enlarged bases at the
bottoms of drilled
The tool is expanded to
form the “bell,” and is
then retracted to
remove it from the hole.
The soil must be
capable of supporting
the belled shape until This core barrel can be used A rock core, removed from
concrete is tremied into to drill into rock. The core the ground for construction
the hole. (see next photo) is removed of a drilled shaft, sits on the
to form the hole for the ground next to the core
drilled shaft. barrel.

Concrete is placed in the

drilled hole using a tremy
pipe to prevent segregation
of the concrete, erosion of
the sides of the drilled hole,
and damage to the rebar
that would occur if the
This rebar cage is being The rebar cage is so
lowered into a drilled hole
concrete was allowed to
flexible that it needs to be
before the concrete is stabilized with cross bars to
free fall to the bottom of
poured to form the drilled ensure that it will keep its the shaft.
shaft. circular shape.
• Here a bentonite slurry is being
used to prevent collapse of the
sides of the hole, which has
been drilled in unstable ground.
• When the concrete flows out of
the tremy pipe at the bottom of
the shaft, it displaces the slurry,
which is lighter.
• The concrete weighs about 145
pounds per cubic foot, the
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slurry approximately half as
• As the slurry is displaced
upward, overflowing the hole, it
is pumped to a storage tank for
cleaning and re-use on another