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Design and Development of a New Smart Grid


Course at Washington State University
Anurag K Srivastava, Senior Member, IEEE, Carl Hauser, David Bakken, Senior Member, IEEE, and
Min Sik Kim, Member, IEEE

Abstract-- This paper overviews our experience with design II. COURSE DESCRIPTION
and development of a new smart grid course focused on cyber-
The course being developed at WSU has four components:
security. The course is team-taught by power and computer
science faculty members and intended for seniors and graduate
smart grid operation and control; communication; data
students from computer science and engineering. Key areas of management and computing; and basics of cyber-security.
focus, covered in this paper are the need for a new course and the The course will be team taught by the co-authors of this paper
course description along with our experience in locating and and titled, “Critical Infrastructure Security: The Emerging
creating course materials. Smart Grid”. Our objectives in creating this course were:
• Design a course with multi-disciplinary content
Index Terms—Workforce development, smart grid education, integrating topics from data communication, computing,
course development. control, cyber-security and power systems that are
relevant to secure operations of smart grids.
I. INTRODUCTION • Design a course to target audience of senior

T HE electric power industry is currently going through a


major upgrade with ongoing smart grid activities. Smart
grid technologies are already being deployed in pilot
undergraduate and graduate engineering and computer
science students.
• Design a course that could be offered to online distance
projects and the implementation phase is imminent for some engineering students or engineers from industry as well as
projects [1]. At the same time, a major part of the current in the conventional classroom setting.
power and energy workforce will be retiring in next few years • Design course materials to be easily adopted by
[2-3]. This creates a need for workforce development efforts instructors at other schools.
and training in interdisciplinary technical areas used in smart • Design course evaluations that allow us to assess course
grid development [4-6]. Existing educational programs and outcomes and improve the content.
curricula need to be evolved to fit the need of students, faculty
and employers for a workforce that is capable of deploying Course topic coverage is as follows:
and operating the smart grid. • Smart Electric Grid Overview (3 weeks)
The interdisciplinary expertise required for smart grid o Week 1: Overview and introduction to the smart grid
technologies, including measurements, communication, o Week 2: Sense, communicate, compute and control
computing, and control, make the required education and in secure way
training more challenging. Power engineering operation and o Week 3: Performance objectives, SCADA,
design problems need to be formulated in a different way to NERC/FERC, operational standards
be understandable by non-power engineers for better • Communication (3 weeks)
development and implementation of smart grid [7-8]. There o Week 1: Layered communication model, physical &
are a number of initiatives by the IEEE Power and Energy link layers, network layer
Society (PES) and other professional organizations in o Week 2: Transport layer: datagram and stream
response to this challenging problem of smart grid education protocols; glue protocols: ARP, DNS, Routing
[9-10]. The Power and Energy Workforce Collaborative is one o Week 3: MPLS; Power system application-layer
of the initiatives from PES working towards solving this protocols: SCADA, ICCP, IEC 61850, C37.118;
problem. multi-cast and its uses
Using funding available from Department of Energy • Power System Data Management and Computation (3
(DOE) through Power System Engineering Research Center, weeks)
an interdisciplinary course focused on the cyber-security o Week 1: Utility IT infrastructures; control center
aspects of the smart grid is being developed at Washington structure & software; CIMs, IEC 61850 and 61970
State University. o Week 2: Fault-tolerant computing basics; distributed
computing basics
o Week 3: Distributed computing architectures;
Anurag Srivastava, Carl Hauser, David Bakken and Min Sik Kim are with middleware; WAMS data delivery requirements and
the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Washington mechanisms
State University (e-mail: asrivast@eecs.wsu.edu).

978-1-4673-2729-9/12/$31.00 ©2012 IEEE


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• Cyber-Security (3 weeks) [6] G. Heydt, M. Kezunovic, P. Sauer, A. Bose, J. McCalley, C. Singh, W.


Jewell, D. Ray, V. Vittal, “Professional resources to implement the
o Week 1: Basic concepts and applications of “smart grid””, North American Power Symposium (NAPS), 2009, 4-6
cryptography; software vulnerabilities Oct. 2009, Starkville, MS, USA
o Week 2: Malware, network attacks, web security: [7] M. Crow, “Programmed for success: Educating tomorrow’s workforce”,
Stuxnet IEEE power and energy magazine, vol. 8, issue 4, July-August, 2010
[8] G. F. Reed, W. E. Stanchina, “Smart grid education models for modern
o Week 3: Network protection, security testing, electric power system engineering curriculum”, IEEE Power and Energy
security practices, governmental efforts Society General Meeting, 25-29 July 2010, Minneapolis, MN
• Linking all topics together (1-2 weeks) [9] N. Schulz, W. Reder, “The challenges and opportunities of workforce
o Overall system architecture, WAMS application, development in power engineering and how the IEEE PES is helping”,
International Universities Power Engineering Conference, Padova, Italy,
NERC CIP standards, case studies September, 2008.
This course will be offered for the first time in Spring, [10] W. Reder, A. Bose, A. Flueck, M. Lauby, D. Niebur, A. Randazzo, D.
2012, in a face-to-face setting and also online. The course will Ray, G. Reed, P. Sauer, and F. Wayno, “Engineering the Future”, IEEE
meet class two times a week with each lecture being Power and Energy Magazine, July-Aug. 2010, vol. 8, issue 4, pp. 27-35.
approximately 75-minutes. The course will be offered online
using the Tegrity lecture capture software and the Angel VI. BIOGRAPHIES
course management system available at WSU media services.
Student’s feedback and evaluation of course will be taken Anurag K. Srivastava (M’05, SM’08) received his Ph.D. degree in Electrical
Engineering from Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
into account to improve the course contents and organization Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, USA in 2005 and M.Tech. and
in future offerings. Students’ performance on assignments, B.Tech degree from India. He is working as Assistant Professor at
quizzes, exams and a project will be another measure for Washington State University since August 2010. In the past, he worked as
learning objectives of this course. Assistant Research Professor at Mississippi State University during 2005-
2010. Before that, he worked as Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant at
Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, USA and as Senior Research
III. SUMMARY Associate at Electrical Engineering Department at the Indian Institute of
Technology, Kanpur, India as well as Research Fellow at Asian Institute of
A new smart grid course is in development at Washington Technology, Bangkok, Thailand. His research interests include power system
State University in line with the need for interdisciplinary operation and control, power system modeling and real time simulation,
training to support the smart grid. This course will cover electricity market and engineering education. Dr. Srivastava is a senior
communication, computation and control aspects of the smart member of IEEE and member of IET, ASEE, IEEE Power and Energy Society
(PES), Sigma Xi and Eta Kappa Nu. He is chair of IEEE PES career
grid emphasizing cyber-security aspects. After taking this promotion subcommittee, vice-chair of IEEE PES student activities and active
course, students are expected to contribute to security aspects member of several other PES technical committees. He is the recipient of
of industrial projects related to the electric grid. Students will numerous awards including IEEE best paper award and author of more than
be able to understand vulnerabilities and the threats to the hundred technical publications including a book.
power grid and associated infrastructure in addition to
Carl H. Hauser is an Associate Professor of Computer Science in the School
understanding the basic principles of smart grid components of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) at Washington State
and operation. Students are expected to critically analyze the University (WSU). His research interests include concurrent programming
interdependencies of related infrastructure in smart grid and models and mechanisms, networking, programming language implementation,
apply the interdisciplinary principles that they have learned in and distributed computing systems. Prior to joining WSU, he worked at Xerox
Palo Alto Research Center and IBM Research for a total of over 20 years. He
building the smart grid. holds degrees in computer science from Washington State University (B.S.,
1975) and Cornell University (M.S., 1977, and Ph.D., 1980).
IV. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
Authors would like to thank the Department of Energy, the David E. Bakken as an Associate Professor of Computer Science at
WSU/EECS. His research interests include wide-area data delivery
National Science Foundation and the Power Systems mechanisms for power grids (for the last 13 years), new kinds of middleware,
Engineering Research Center for financially supporting the and fault-tolerant distributed computing. He is co-chair of the WAMPAC
work reported in this paper. symposium for IEEE SmartGridComm 2012. Prior to joining WSU he was a
research scientist at BBN. He holds a BS degree in mathematics (1985), and
degrees in computer science from WSU (BS 1985) and the University of
V. REFERENCES Arizona (MS 1990 PhD 1994). Prior to Arizona he worked for Boeing, and he
[1] B. Hamilton, M. Summy, “Benefits of the Smart Grid”, IEEE Power and has consulted to Amazon.com, Harris Corp, Real-Time Innovations, and
Energy Magazine, Jan.-Feb. 2011, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 104 – 102. others.
[2] H. Louie and A. Srivastava, “Resources for pre-university power
engineering outreach”, IEEE PES General Meeting, Detroit, MI, 24-29th Min Sik Kim is an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Washington
July, 2011. State University. Prof. Kim earned a B.S. degree in Computer Engineering
[3] A. J. Flueck, “K-12 research experiences for teachers and other career from Seoul National University in 1996, and a Ph.D. degree in Computer
promotion resources”, IEEE PES General Meeting, Detroit, MI, 24-29th Science from the University of Texas at Austin in 2005. His research interests
July, 2011. include network traffic analysis, intrusion detection, and smart grid security.
[4] P. Sauer, “Educational needs for the “Smart Grid” workforce”, IEEE
Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 25-29 July 2010,
Minneapolis, MN.
[5] M Ilić, “Teaching smart grids: Yet another challenge and opportunity for
transforming power systems curriculum”, IEEE Power and Energy
Society General Meeting, 25-29 July 2010, Minneapolis, MN