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Pre Reading Exercise: Causes of World War 1 Pages 294 – 297

Name:

Date:

1. What are the 4 main factors that contributed to growing tensions in Europe?



2. What are the names of the two alliances formed between European nations?

3. What did each nation in an alliance promise?

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4. What is the definition of Nationalism?

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5. What are the two things Nationalism can do to a nation?



6. In 1900, who did the ethnic groups start fighting for independence from?

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7. What is Imperialism?

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8. Who are the main rivals in the race for new colonies in Africa?



9. Using source 5, identify the size of population, military spending and solider
numbers of Britain

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10. What is the definition of Militarism?

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11. Using source 6, who had the most Dreadnoughts in 1914?

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12. What is a Dreadnought? (Hint: Source 7 Caption)

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13. Who had the largest navy in 1900?

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14. Which two countries competed in building the most Dreadnoughts?



15. Why was Germany’s colonial empire so much smaller than Britain’s in the
lead-up to World War 1?

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16, Using sources 5 and 6, explain what is meant by the ‘arms race’. Explain
possible reasons why major European powers began to increase the size of
their armed forces between 1900 and 1914.

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