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1. Regression methods were used to analyze the data from a study investigating the relationship

between roadway surface temperature (xoC) and pavement deflection (y). The data follow.

Temperature xoC Deflection y Temperature xoC Deflection y

77.0 0.657 67.8 0.627

72.1 0.640 76.6 0.652

72.8 0.623 73.4 0.630

78.3 0.661 70.5 0.627

74.5 0.641 72.1 0.631

74.0 0.637 71.2 0.641

72.4 0.630 73.0 0.631

75.2 0.644 72.7 0.634

76.0 0.639 71.4 0.638

i. Estimate the intercept and slope regression coefficients. Write the estimated

regression line.

ii. Show that

iii. Compute the coefficient of determination, R2. Comment on the value.

iv. Construct the ANOVA table and test for significance of regression.

v. Predicted the pavement deflection for temperature 75o

Solution:

i. = 0.3935, = 0.0033, Y = 0.3935 + 0.0033X

ii. SST = 0.002127, SSR = 0.001373, SSE = 0.000754

iii. R2 = 64.5%.

iv. ANOVA:

Source df SS MS F

Regression 1 0.001373 0.001373 32.75974

Residual 18 0.000754 4.19E-05

Total 19 0.002127

v. Y = 0.3935 + 0.0033(75) = 0.641

2. The following data were collected on 8 lung cancer patients where x measures the number of

years the patient smoke cigarette (or any form of nicotine product) and y is the physician’s

subjective evaluation of the extent of lung damage on a scale of 0 to 10

x (years) 25 35 22 15 48 39 42 31

y (0-100) 55 60 50 30 75 70 71 55

ii. Find the coefficient of determination, R 2 .

iii. Predict the evaluation of the extent of lung damage for 20 years.

Solution:

i. = 17.8807, = 1.2566, Y = 17.8807 + 1.2566X.

ii. R2 = 91.5%.

iii. Y = 17.8807+1.2566(20) = 43.

3. The following measurements of the specific heat of a certain chemical were made in order to

investigate the variation in specific heat with temperature.

o

Temperature C (X) 54 61 65 68 72 75 78

Specific heat (Y) 16.5 14.3 15.1 13.5 11.2 12.6 11.8

ii. Find the coefficient of determination, R 2 .

iii. Estimate the value of the specific heat when the temperature is 70oC.

iv.

Solution:

i. = 27.2706 = -0.2027, Y = 27.2706 - 0.2027.

2

ii. R = 81.2%.

iii. Y = 27.2706 – 0.2027(70) = 13.1

4. An article in Optical Engineering (“Operating Curve Extraction of a Correlator's Filter,” Vol. 43,

2004, pp. 2775–2779) reported the use of an optical correlator to perform an experiment by

varying brightness and contrast. The resulting modulation is characterized by the useful range of

gray levels. The data are shown as

Contrast (%): 56 80 70 50 65 80 25 35 26

Useful range (ng): 96 50 50 112 96 80 155 144 255

i. Fit a multiple linear regression model to these data.

ii. Predict the useful range when brightness = 80 and contrast = 75.

Solution:

i. Y=238.56 + 0.334X1 - 2.717X2

ii. Y = 238.56 + 0.334(80) - 2.717(75) = 61.505

5. The table below shows the result of a regression analysis that was carried out for a given data

set.

Solution:

Constant 6.188 2.704 2.29

X1 9.6864 0.4989 19.42

X2 -0.3796 0.2339 -1.62

X3 2.9448 0.2354 12.51

Analysis of Variance

Source Df SS MS F

Regression 3 363.01 121 142

Residual Error 43 36.62 0.852

Total 46 399.63

(ii) What is the sample size? n = 47

(iii) Write the estimated regression line. Y = 6.188 + 9.6864X1 - 0.3796X2 + 2.9448X3

(iv) Test for significance of regression at 5% significance level.

Since F=142 very large compared to f0.05, 2,44= 3.23, then the regression is significance.

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