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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA


FLUIDS & THERMODYNAMICS LABORATORY
(CHE486)

NAME :MUHAMMAD AMIN BIN SUBRI (2016250296)


:AZIDORA BINTI AZMAN (2016250174)
:NUR AFIQAH BINTI MUHAMMAD KAMIL(
:NURUL ‘AWATIES BINTI RAMLI

GROUP : EH2204G
EXPERIMENT : GAS ABSORPTION
DATE PERFORMED : 14 MARCH 2018
SEMESTER :4
PROGRAMME / CODE : EH220/CHE504
SUBMIT TO : MADAM LIYANA

No. Title Allocated Marks (%) Marks


1 Abstract/Summary 5
2 Introduction 5
3 Aims 5
4 Theory 5
5 Apparatus 5
6 Methodology/Procedure 10
7 Results 10
8 Calculations 10
9 Discussion 20
10 Conclusion 10
11 Recommendations 5
12 Reference 5
13 Appendix 5
TOTAL MARKS 100

Remarks:

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TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

AIMS

THEORY

APPARATUS

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

RESULTS

SAMPLE CALCULATIONS

SAMPLE ERROR CALCULATIONS

DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCES

APPENDICES
ABSTRACT

The Gas Absorption experiment was conducted in order to examine the air pressure drop

across the absorption column as a function of air flow rate with a different rates of water flow.

The result obtained wa compared to theoretical values that has been calculated. The

experiment was run three times with different water flow rate which are 1.0 L/min, 2.0 L/min and

3.0 L/min. For every water flow rate, it was run for different air flow rate of 20 L/min, 40 L/min,

60 L/min, 80 L/min, 100 L/min, 120 L/min, 140 L/min, 160 L/min and 180 L/min. Graph of

pressure drop against the air flow rate was plotted and the graph showed an increasing pattern.

The flooding point was recorded during the water flow rate of 2.0 L/min and 3.0 L/min. Basically,

the air pressure drop across the column are increases as the air flow rate increases as well as

water flow rate increases. The flooding happened when the air pressure from the bottom is too

high and pushed the water up. the percentage error calculated involved throughout the

experiment where 38.96% , 46.04% and 30.13% of error for 1 L/min , 2 L/min and 3 L/min

respectively.

INTRODUCTION

AIMS

To examine the air pressure drop across the column as a function of air flow rate for different

water flow rates through the column.

THEORY
APPARATUS

The type of gas absorption unit used as figure below was SOLTEQ-QVF Gas Absorption Unit

with a glass type made of borosilicate 3.3 glasses with PTFE gaskets.

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS

DISCUSSION

In this experiment, the objective is to examine the air pressure drop across the column as a

function of air flow rate for different water flow rates through the column. The apparatus that we

used in conducting this experiment is SOLTEQ-QVF Absorption column (Model : BP 751-B) with

the used of water and air as our substances. Firstly, a constant water flow rate at 1 L/min was

set followed by 20 L/min of air flow rate to enter the column. After 2 minutes, the pressure drop

reading was recorded. These steps was repeated for every increasing of 20 L/min of air flow
rate until the air flow rate reach 180 L/min where the flooding occurs. All readings were recorded

in the table. After that, the water flow rate was then increased to 2 L/min. The same steps was

repeated for this water flow rate where the air flow rate was set at initial point of 20 L/min. The

reading of pressure drop was taken after 2 minutes of process. The air flow rate was increased

by every 20 L/min for 2 minutes and the pressure drops value were collected. At this water flow

rate, the flooding occurs when the air flow rate reached at 140 L/min. Once the flooding

happened, the process was stopped and continue for the next water flow rate which is 3 L/min.

All procedure was the same, but at this point, the flooding occurs at 100 L/min of air flow rate

which is its flooding more quickly than the previous. The data was collected and a graph for this

data was plotted. From the log-log graph of pressure drop against the gas flow rate for every

different water flow rate, we can see a pattern where the pressure drop increases as the gas

flow rate increases. We can say that our experiment was success as we achieved a positive

results. As a conclusion, the higher the gas velocity, the greater the resistance that will be

encountered by the down-flowing liquid and the higher the pressure drop across the packings.

Thus, flooding occurs when the air flow rate are too high, whereby the water filled the entire

column and the operation became difficult to carry out[1]. If the pressure is too high, it will crush

and damage the packings in the column.

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the air pressure drop across the column are increases as the air flow rate

increases as well as water flow rate increases[2]. From the experiment, the value of

experimental pressure drop is lower compared to the correlated values for the packed column.

we calculated the percentage error involved throughout the experiment where 38.96% , 46.04%

and 30.13% of error for 1 L/min , 2 L/min and 3 L/min respectively. These errors obtained might
be caused by the unstable level of water in the column that must be control by student. This

causing the fluctuation in readings of pressure drop. Hence, students have to pay attention in

any experiment to make sure there is no such error happen.

RECOMMENDATION

For the next group or students that going to conduct this experiment,, they need to make sure

that the apparatus and equipment are in a good condition. They need to ensure that there is no

leaking or broken pipe in any part of the apparatus. Next, they need to control the water level in

the column at same constant level so that they can avoid any huge different of readings which

leads to error in their experiment.

REFERENCES

[1] M. Zhou, “Gas Absorption in a Packed Tower,” 2015.

[2] P. F. Report, “Gas-Liquid Absorption,” Carbon N. Y., no. September, pp. 1–13, 2004.

APPENDICES