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The Advantages of HPF CFL using

1. Valuable information & explanation for HPF CFL

1).Recent global trend is to ban incandescent lamp gradually. Everyone agrees that CFL is the
main viable alternative to incandescent lamp .However, since the existing CFLs have following
disadvantages, There are some problems in distributing the CFLs without overcoming
the disadvantages.

- Reason 1.
Most of CFLs are manufactured in China. Their quality is very low. In terms of quality, CFL
made in China are inferior to CFLs which world major brand made 15 ~ 20 years ago.
When it comes to the above quality problem, the products of Philips and Osram has the
similar problem because these products are focusing only on cost down.
- Reason 2.
Ordinary CFLs have the power factor of 55 %, energy loss of 45 % is caused.
Without improving power factor, it is clear that the distribution of CFL in large quantity
will face difficulties. Especially power utilities should join in encouraging the use of CFL
due to the global trend of environment protection and energy saving. But they may not like
to distribute Low Power Factor CFL through incentive program for users.

2). Therefore the following should be considered for promoting and spreading
the distribution of CFL
a). High Power Factor
.
They say that CFL saves up to 80% on energy compared with
incandescent lamp. But 80% of energy saving can be secured
by power factor of over minimum 90%.
Both power utilities and Government is willing to join incentive
program for High Power Factor CFL. Lower power factor of CFL
causes more energy loss and more energy loss increases
the emission of CO2 and Hg..

b). Long Life


Pollutants should be reduced even in manufacturing process.
Ordinary CFLS has life between 2,000 hours and 10,000 hours and wide
difference in life. Life of 15,000 hours can make users to tolerate a little
increase of cost. In addition, the emission of Hg can be reduced.
c). Restriction on mercury content below 5mg.
The excessive use of mercury should be restricted even in manufacturing
process.
d). CFL with low power factor and short life increase social cost caused
by the increase of pollution. Comparison of cost between the use of
20 W Low Power Factor CFL with 8,000 hours life and 20W High Power
Factor CFL with 15,000 hours life is as follows.
Low power factor causes the energy loss of about USD25 and the cost
of CFL can be compensated because in using the number of CFL 2 pieces
decrease to 1 pieces. In addition, we can expect the decrease of waste
treatment cost, social cost and other costs caused by reduced CO2 emission..

3). In order to distribute the product mentioned in above 2) . we can not simply
rely on user’s decision and market function. So the enactment of new standard
and incentive program for proper product should be prepared based on
Government policy.

2. AVERD의 HPF CFL Technology.

1). Averd’s technology is utilizing the mixed control of Pulse Width Modulation and
Pulse Frequency Modulation on Half-Bridge Circuit . This technology is the
worlds first and “US patent and Trademark Office” decided to register our
patent for the above technology in 5 months after patent application.
The main characteristic is that Control Dynamic performance is enhanced
up to 10 times compared with existing method..

2). Existing technology causes a lot of loss in controlling tube due to wide
frequency variation to control the output of ballast,
However, Averd’s new technology dose not almost cause loss .

3). For this reason, even high power factor circuit with Passive method can
maintain 1.4~1.5 of tube’s crest factor under the condition
of A/C 180 V ~ 300 V input.
4). Averd’s technology has a distinguished function in dimming control
for fluorescent lamp not only for T-8 but also for T-5.

3. We think that it is difficult for some company with simple trading function
to deal with HPF CFL. We are introducing our new product based on
our belief that your company is the most proper one in understanding
and promoting HPF CFL.
3. Energy Saving

I. Cost of lost energy by power factor

20W 20W
Model Remarks
Low Power Factor High Power Factor

Electric charge USD0.12/Kw USD0.12/Kw

Power factor 0.55 0.95

Energy billed by power plant 300Kw 300Kw 15,000hours CFL

Energy generated by power plant 545Kw 316Kw

Energy loss of power plant 245Kw 16Kw

Cost of lost energy at power plant USD29.4 USD1.92 Difference : USD27.48

(15,000hours CFL)

* The above table shows that low power factor CFL causes the energy loss of 45% at power plant.
Subsidy to ordinary CFLs with short life will increase the cost of lost energy and then the global
environment will be deteriorated.

II Mercury emission caused by power factor and life

Low Power High Power


Model
Incandescent Lamp
Factor CFL Factor CFL

Life 100W(same quantity of light as


Item 4,000 hrs 8,000 hrs 6,000 hrs 15,000 hrs
that of 20W CFL)

Power factor/① 0.55 0.55 0.95 0.95 1.00

Number of lamps (unit)/② 3.75 1.875 2.5 1.0 15

Mercury content of lamp(mg)


18.75 9.375 12.5 5 0
/ 5mg per unit/③=5mg*②

Energy billed by power 300 300 300 300 1,500


plant(Kw/h)/④

Energy generated by
545 545 316 316 1,500
power plant(Kw/h)/⑤=④/①

Mercury emission from power plant


0.0086 0.0086 0.0086 0.0086 0.0086
for generating 1Kw/h(mg)/⑥

Total mercury emission from power


4.687 4.687 2.718 2.718 12.9
plant(mg)/⑦=⑤*⑥

Total mercury emission(mg)


23.437 14.052 15.218 7.718 12.9
/⑧=③+⑦

Ratio of mercury emission 3.04 1.82 1.97 1.00 1.67

(In comparison with 20W High Power Factor CFL with 15,000 hours)

① LED is excluded in this comparison ② However, the luminous efficacy of LED is 50% of that of CFL,

power source for operating LED is low power factor and light diffuser should be installed due to LED's high

luminance. In this process, the light loss reaches about 70%. Therefore, although LED has low mercury

content, mercury emission caused by LED's low efficacy in generating power may become much higher than

that caused by high power factor CFL with life of 15,000 hrs.

Ⅲ. Conclusion

The above data shows that the use of high power factor CFL with long life is very

important for both consumers and power plant. Also this requires us to make a

more informed decision in protecting the global environment.

(Reference)

1) Mercury emission in USA : 0.0234mg/Kw

(Source : MSB Energy Associate Inc)

2) Ratio of thermal power generation to other power generations in Korea : 37%

(Source : 2005 Year's Power Generation Trend in Korea, Korea Electric Power Corporation)