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4/4/2018 Soil Stabilization

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Soil Stabilization

What is Soil Stabilization?

Soil Stabilization is the alteration of soils to enhance their physical properties. Stabilization can increase the
shear strength of a soil and/or control the shrink-swell properties of a soil, thus improving the load bearing
capacity of a sub-grade to support pavements and foundations.

Soil Stabilization can be utilized on roadways, parking areas, site development projects, airports and many
other situations where sub-soils are not suitable for construction. Stabilization can be used to treat a wide range
of sub-grade materials, varying from expansive clays to granular materials. This process is accomplished using
a wide variety of additives, including lime, fly-ash, and Portland cement. Other material byproducts used in
Stabilization include lime-kiln dust (LKD) and cement-kiln dust (CKD).

What are the benefits of Soil Stabilization?

Benefits of Midstate's Soil Stabilization process can include:

• Higher resistance (R) values


• Reduction in plasticity
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4/4/2018 Soil Stabilization

• Lower permeability
• Reduction of pavement thickness
• Elimination of excavation, exporting unsuitable material and importing new materials
• Aids compaction
• Provides "all-weather" access onto and within project sites

In addition, there are several environmental advantages. When unimproved roadways are stabilized and treated
with the right additives, run-off of storm water will not cause erosion, which in turn sends thousands of tons of
silt into our rivers and bays. This erosion clogs and silts vital waterways and fish habitat that would have been
spawning grounds for future generations. Our Soil Stabilization methods help to preserve soils, water ways,
unimproved roadways and much more.

What is the Soil Stabilization Process?

Proper design and testing is an important component of any stabilization project. This testing will establish
proper design criteria in determining the proper additive and admixture rate to be used to achieve the desired
engineering properties. It is imperative to solicit the expert advice and engineering knowhow of a certified
Geotechnical Engineer for all Soil Stabilization work. Having a Geotechnical Engineer is one of the most
important components of a successful project.

Soil Stabilization is performed in much the same manner as Full Depth Reclamation.
A reclaiming machine first pulverizes the soil material in question.

An additive is then placed on top of this material. This additive is mixed and re-mixed with the soil until the
desired properties are achieved.

The new base is shaped by a motor grader to the proper profile and compacted.

The building pad or roadway materials are added to the specifications or design.

This process can vary depending on the soils and additives required. Soil Stabilization can be utilized on
roadways, parking lots, site development projects, and in many other situations where sub-soils are not suitable
for construction.
What is Soil Modification?
Another form of soil treatment closely related to Soil Stabilization is Soil Modification (sometimes referred to
as "mud drying" or soil conditioning). Although some stabilization inherently occurs in Soil Modification, the
distinction between the two is that Soil Modification is merely a means to reduce the moisture content of a soil
to expedite construction. Alternatively, Soil Stabilization can substantially increase the shear strength of a
material such that it can be incorporated into the project´s structural design. The determining factors associated
with Soil Modification versus Soil Stabilization may be the existing moisture content, the end use of the soil
structure, and ultimately the cost benefits provided.

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