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Health Class: STI’s


What is a STI?

STI stands for . This is an infected that is passed on through unprotected vaginal, anal,
or . Some infections can be passed through skin to skin genital contact. Most STI’s can be protected by using
during sexual contact. Some STI’s are curable but some you may have to live with forever. If you are active,
you and your partner should always get . The only way to be 100% safe from STI’s is to be . We discuss
STI’s in class to get people more comfortable discussing these topics.

General list of STI’s:

Chlamydia Hepatitis C
Genital Herpes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Gonorrhea Pubic Lice (Crabs)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Scabies
Molluscum Contagiosum Syphilis
Mucopurulent Cervicitis (MPC) Trichomoniasis (Trich)
Non-Gonococcal Urethritis (NGU) Bacterial Vaginosis
Hepatitis B HIV
Chlamydia. Curable:

Is a that is passed through unprotected sexual contact. Up to of people with chlamydia don’t have the
symptoms. The infection can be in the rectum, cervix, throat, and the eye. If not treated this STI can cause
serious long-term effects including .

Some symptoms include:

Pain or burning when you pee. , bleeding, or itching from the rectum. Redness and/or discharge from one or
both eyes. Males and females can have different symptoms.

Genital Herpes. Non-curable:

This STI is passed through skin-to-skin contact as well as unprotected sex. This STI can come in two different
viruses; Type 1 and . Both types cause sores on the lips ( ) and sore on the genitals. Symptoms can
range from mild to severe.

Symptoms include:

Small blister like sores.

Generally feeling unwell.

may have a burning feeling as well as a change in discharge.

may have burning when urinating and have a clear discharge.

Gonorrhea. Curable:

Passed through unprotected sex. Up to of people don't have any symptoms. The infection can be in the rectum,
penis, cervix, throat, and the eye.

Some symptoms include:

Pain or burning when you urinate.

Swelling, , or pain in the genital area.

Discharge, bleeding, or itching from the rectum.

Redness and/or discharge from one for both .


Human Papillomavirus (HPV):

HPV is the most common STI in the world. You will likely get some type of HPV in your life and not have any
symptoms. There are over different types of HPV, of which are passed through sexual contact. Most types of
HPV are , cause no symptoms, and go away without treatment.

Some symptoms include:

Genital or anal warts.

But most people do not show any symptoms.

Most HPV infections go away on their own in years.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Non-curable:

Can be passed through sexual contact and sharing . Weakens the immune system. HIV can eventually turn
into which is a more severe stage. You can have HIV and not know it. Can’t be passed through or holding
hands. Can be helped with medication but can’t be cured, the medication slows the process down.

Some people may have flu like symptoms which can include: fever, sore throat, or swollen glands.

Syphilis:

Transmitted sexually. Most people may not show any symptoms. If not treated it could lead to , paralysis,
deafness, brain and heart disease, and problems.

Some symptoms that people may have are:

Sores on or near the penis or in and around the , mouth, or rectum.

A on the palms of the hands, feet, or the whole body

Bacterial Vaginosis. Curable.

BV is not technically a STI but it is more common in sexually active women. BV is a imbalance of a naturally occurring
bacteria within the vagina. BV can be caused by multiple sexual partners, a new sex partner; oral, vaginal, or anal sex
without a condom.

Some symptoms include:

Foul or fishy smelling discharge.

Itching or burning from the vagina.

Change in color and amount of vaginal discharge.

Only people with vaginas can have BV.

Write either Green (No risk), Yellow (Very low risk>low risk) or Red (High risk) next to each of the risky behaviors.

Properly using condoms


Hugging
Using the same condom twice
Unprotected oral sex
Abstaining from sex
Using a condom with a mutually
monogamous, uninfected partner
Sharing used needles or sex toys
Massage
Mutual masturbation
French kissing
Unprotected vaginal or anal sex
Intercourse using a condom
Self-masturbation
Dry kissing
Fantasizing