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UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

COLLEGE OF LAW

CRIMINAL LAW 2

RENATO M. PAMBID

Course coverage

The course covers Book Two of the Revised Penal Code, titled “Crimes and
Penalties”, covers Articles 114 – 365 thereof, and amendments thereto. Several
special penal laws will also be discussed. There are fifteen (15) titles in Book II
of the Revised Penal Code, with the various crimes classified into fourteen (14)
titles. Discussions will focus on the definition of crimes, their nature, elements
and qualifying circumstances.

Bases of grades

Passing grade is 75%. Thirty percent (30%) of the final grade shall be based on
Class Performance, thirty percent (30%) on the Mid-Term Examinations, and
forty percent (40%) on the Final Examinations. Class performance consists of
recitations, writing assignments and quizzes.

Course outline

INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW II

Coverage of Criminal Law !!


Review of Basic Concepts in Criminal Law

I. CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE LAW OF NATIONS

A. Crimes against national security

Treason and espionage

1. Treason (Art. 114)


Rep. Act No. 7659
Rep. Act No. 9346
Laurel v. Misa, 77 Phil. 856 (1947)
People v. Manayao, 78 Phil. 721 (1947)
People v. Perez, 83 Phil. 314 (1949)
People v. Prieto, 80 Phil. 138 (1948)
People v. Adriano, 78 Phil. 561 (1947)

2. Conspiracy and proposal to commit treason (Art. 115)

3. Misprision of treason (Art. 116)

4. Espionage (Art. 117)


Commonwealth Act No. 616

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B. Crimes against the law of nations

Provoking war and disloyalty in case of war

5. Inciting to war or giving motives for reprisals (Art. 118)

6. Violation of neutrality (Art. 119)

7. Corresponding with hostile country (Art. 120)

8. Flight to enemy's country (Art. 121)

Piracy and mutiny on the high seas or in Philippine Waters

9. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas or in Philippine


waters (Art. 122)

10. Qualified piracy (Art. 123)

Pres. Decree No. 532


Rep. Act No. 7659
People v. Lol-lo and Saraw, 43 Phil 19 (1922)
People v. Rodriguez, 135 SCRA 485 (1985)
People v. Siyoh, 141 SCRA 356 (1986)
People v. Tulin, G.R. No. 111709, 30 August 2001, 364 SCRA
11 (2001)

11. Hijacking
Rep. Act No. 6235

II. CRIMES AGAINST THE FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE

A. Arbitrary detention and expulsion

1. Arbitrary detention (Art. 124)


RULES OF COURT, Rule 113, sec. 1, 2
RULES OF COURT, Rule 113, sec. 5
Milo v. Salanga, 152 SCRA 113 (1987)
People v. Burgos, 144 SCRA 1 (1986)
Umil v. Ramos, 187 SCRA 311 (1990)

2. Delay in the delivery of detained persons to the proper judicial


authorities (Art. 125)
Exec. Order No. 272
RULES OF COURT, Rule 112, sec. 7
See also Rep. Act No. 7438
Sayo v. Chief of Police, 80 Phil. 859 (1948)
Medina v. Orozco, 18 SCRA 1168 (1966)
Jasper Agbay v. The Honorable Deputy Ombudsman for the
Military, et.al., G.R. No. 134503, 2 July 1999
Soria v. Desierto, G.R. Nos. 153524-25, 31 January 2005

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3. Delaying release (Art. 126)

4. Expulsion (Art. 127)

B. Violation of domicile

5. Violation of domicile (Art. 128)

6. Search warrants maliciously obtained and abuse in the service of


those legally obtained (Art. 129)
RULES OF COURT, Rule 126
Stonehill v. Diokno, 20 SCRA 383 (1967)
Burgos v. Chief of Staff, 133 SCRA 800 (1984)

7. Searching domicile without witnesses (Art. 130)

C. Prohibition, interruption, and dissolution of peaceful meetings

8. Prohibition, interruption, and dissolution of peaceful meetings (Art.


131)

D. Crimes against religious worship

9. Interruption of religious worship (Art. 132)

10. Offending the religious feelings (Art. 133)


People v. Mandoriao, 51 OG 4619 (1955)
People v. Baes, 68 Phil. 203 (1939)
People v. Tengson, 67 OG 1552
People v. Nanoy, 69 OG 8043

III. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER

A. Rebellion, coup d'etat, sedition, and disloyalty

1. Rebellion or insurrection (Art. 134)


Rep. Act No. 6968
People v. Lovendioro, 250 SCRA 389 (1995)
People v. Dasig, 221 SCRA 549 (1993)
Umil v. Ramos, supra
People v. Hernandez, 99 Phil. 515 (1956)
People v. Geronimo, 100 Phil. 90 (1956)
Enrile v. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217 (1990)
Ponce Enrile v. Amin, 189 SCRA 573 (1990)
Sanlakas, et.al.v. Angelo Reyes, et.al., G.R. Nos. 159085, 159103,
159185, 159196, 3 February 2004, Read only the Separate
Opinion of Justice Consuelo Ynares-Santiago

2. Coup d’etat (Art. 134-A)

3. Conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'état, rebellion or


insurrection (Art. 136)

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4. Disloyalty of public officers or employees (Art. 137)

5. Inciting to rebellion or insurrecion (Art. 138)

6. Sedition (Art. 139)


People v. Cabrera, 43 Phil. 64 (1922)

7. Conspiracy to commit sedition (Art. 141)

8. Inciting to sedition (Art. 142)


U.S. v. Tolentino, 5 Phil 682 (1906)
Espuelas v. People, 90 Phil. 524 (1951)
Umil v. Ramos, supra

B. Crimes against popular representation

8. Acts tending to prevent the meeting of Congress and similar bodies


(Art. 143)

9. Disturbance of proceedings of Congress or similar bodies (Art. 144)

10. Violation of parliamentary immunity (Art. 145)


Martinez v. Morfe, 44 SCRA 22 (1972)

C. Illegal assemblies and associations

11. Illegal assemblies (Art. 146)


Batas Pambansa Blg. 880

12. Illegal associations (Art. 147)

Illegal possession of firearms

Pres. Decree No. 1866


Rep. Act No. 8294
People v. Quijada, 259 SCRA 225 (1996)
People v. Ringor, Jr., 320 SCRA 342 (1999)
R. A. O

D. Assault upon, and resistance and disobedience to persons in


authority and their agents

13. Direct assaults (Art. 148)


People v. Beltran, 138 SCRA 521 (1985)
People v. Dollantes, 151 SCRA 592 (1987)

14. Indirect assaults (Art. 149)

15. Disobedience to summons issued by Congress, its committees,


etc., by the constitutional commissions, its committees, etc. (Art.
150)

16. Resistance and disobedience to a person in authority or the agents


of such person (Art. 151)

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E. Public disorders

17. Tumults and other disturbances of public order (Art. 153)

18. Unlawful use of means of publication & unlawful utterances (Art.


154)

19. Alarms and scandals (Art. 155)

20. Delivering prisoners from jails (Art. 156)


Alberto v. De la Cruz, 98 SCRA 406 (1980)

F. Evasion of service of sentence

21. Evasion of service of sentence (Art. 157)


Tanega v. Masakayan, 19 SCRA 564 (1967)
People v. Abilong, 82 Phil. 172 (1948)

22. Evasion of service of sentence on the occasion of disorder,


conflagrations, earthquakes, or other calamities (Art. 158)

23. Other cases of evasion of service of sentence [violation of


conditional pardon] (Art. 159)
Torres v. Gonzales, 152 SCRA 272 (1987)

G. Commission of another crime during service of penalty imposed for


another previous offense

24. Commission of another crime during service of penalty imposed for


another previous offense (Art. 160)
People v. Dioso, 132 SCRA 616 (1984)

IV. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC INTEREST

A. Forgeries

Forging the seal of the Government of the Philippine Islands, the


signature or stamp of the Chief Executive

1. Counterfeiting the great seal of the Government of the Republic of


the Philippines, forging the signature or stamp of the Chief
Executive (Art. 161)

2. Using forged signature or counterfeiting seal or stamp (Art. 162)

Counterfeiting Coins

3. Making and importing and uttering false coins (Art. 163)


People v. Kong Leon, 48 OG 664

4. Mutilation of coins, importation and uttering of mutilated coins


(Art. 164)

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Pres. Decree No. 247

5. Selling of false or mutilated coins, without connivance (Art. 165)

Forging treasury or bank notes, obligations and securities;


importing and uttering false or forged notes, obligations and
securities

6. Forging treasury or bank notes or other documents payable to


bearer, importing and uttering of such false or forged notes and
documents (Art. 166)
Del Rosario v. People, 3 SCRA 650
People v. Galano, 54 OG 5897

7. Counterfeiting, importing and uttering instruments payable to


bearer (Art. 167)

8. Illegal possession and use of forged treasury or bank notes and


other instruments of credit (Art. 168)

Falsification of legislative, public, commercial, and private


documents, and wireless, telegraph, and telephone messages

9. Falsification of legislative documents (Art. 170)

10. Falsification by public officer, employee or notary or ecclesiastic


minister (Art. 171)

11. Falsification by private individuals and use of falsified documents


(Art. 172)

Falsification
People v. Romualdez, 57 Phil. 148
Berdadio v. CA, 103 SCRA 567
Luague v. CA, 112 SCRA 97
Cabigas v. People, 152 SCRA 18
People v. Sandaydiego, 81 SCRA 120
Siquian v. People, 171 SCRA 223
People v. Villalon, 192 SCRA 521

Use of falsified documents


People v. Dava, 202 SCRA 62

12. Falsification of wireless, cable, telegraph and telephone messages


and use of said falsified messages (Art. 173)

Falsification of medical certificates, certificates of merit or service


and the like

13. False medical certificates, false certificates of merit or service (Art.


174)

14. Using false certificates (Art. 175)

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Manufacturing, importing and possession of instruments or
implements intended for the commission of falsification

15. Manufacturing and possession of instruments or implements for


falsification (Art. 176)

B. Other Falsities

Usurpation of authority, rank, title, and improper use of names,


uniforms and insignia

16. Usurpation of authority or official functions (Art. 177)


People v. Cortez, 73 OG 10056
Gigantoni v. People, 162 SCRA 158

17. Using fictitious name and concealing true name (Art. 178)
Commonwealth Act No. 142
Legamia v. IAC, 131 SCRA 478

18. Illegal use of uniforms or insignia (Art. 179)


Rep. Act No. 75
Rep. Act No. 493

False testimony

19. False testimony against a defendant (Art. 180)

20. False testimony favorable to the defendant (Art. 181)

21. False testimony in civil cases (Art. 182)

22. False testimony in other cases and perjury in solemn affirmation


(Art. 183)
Diaz v. People, 191 SCRA 86

23. Offering false testimony in evidence (Art. 184)

C. Frauds

Machinations, monopolies and combinations

24. Machinations in public auctions (Art. 185)


Quano v. Court of Appeals, 188 SCRA 799

25. Monopolies and combinations in restraint of trade (Art. 186)

Frauds in commerce and industry

26. Importation and disposition of falsely marked articles or


merchandise made of gold, silver, or other precious metals or their
alloys (Art. 187)

27. Substituting and altering trade marks and trade names or service
marks (Art. 188)

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28. Unfair competition and fraudulent registration of trade mark or
trade name, or service mark; fraudulent designation of origin, and
false description (Art. 189)

V. CRIMES RELATIVE TO OPIUM AND OTHER PROHIBITED DRUGS


(Republic Act No. 9165 or the Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002)
People of the Philippines v. Edelma Lagata, G.R. No. 135323, 25
June 2003
People v. Bongcarawan, 384 SCRA 525, 531 (2002)
People v. Hedishi Suzuki, G.R. No. 120670, 23 October 2003
People v. Casimiro, 383 SCRA 390 (2002)
People v. Chua, 396 SCRA 657 (2003)

VI. CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC MORALS

A. Gambling and Betting


R.A. 9287
Pres. Decre No. 1602
Letter of Instruction 816

1. Importation, sale and possession of lottery tickets or


advertisements (Art. 196)

2. Betting in sports contests (Art. 197)

3. Illegal betting on horse races

4. Illegal cockfighting (Art. 199)

B. Offenses Against Decency and Good Customs

5. Grave scandal (Art. 200)

6. Immoral doctrines, obscene publications and exhibitions,


and indecent shows (Art. 201)
Pres. Decree No. 960, as amended by Pres. Decree No. 969
People v. Kottinger, 45 Phil. 352 (1924)
People v. Aparici, 52 OG 249
People v. Padan, 101 Phil 749 (1957)

7. Vagrants and prostitutes (Art. 202)


Pres. Decree No. 1563
R.A. 9208

VII. CRIMES COMMITTED BY PUBLIC OFFICERS

A. Malfeasance and Misfeasance in Office

Dereliction of duty

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1. Knowingly rendering unjust judgment (Art. 204)

2. Judgment rendered through negligence (Art. 205)

3. Unjust interlocutory order (Art. 206)

4. Malicious delay in the administration of justice (Art. 207)

5. Prosecution of offenses; negligence and tolerance (Art. 208)

6. Betrayal of trust by an attorney or solicitor; Revelation of


secrets (Art. 209)

Bribery

7. Direct bribery (Art. 210)

8. Indirect bribery (Art. 211)

9. Qualified bribery (Art. 211-A

10. Corruption of public officials (Art. 212)

Manipon v. Sandiganbayan, 143 SCRA 267


Dacumas v. Sandiganbayan, 195 SCRA 833
Pres. Decree No. 46
Pres. Decree No. 749

B. Frauds and Illegal Exactions and Transactions

11. Frauds against the public treasury and similar offenses (Art.
213)

12. Other frauds (Art. 214)

13. Prohibited transactions (Art. 215)

14. Possession of prohibited interest by a public officer (Art. 216)

C. Malversation of Public Funds or Property

15. Malversation of public funds or property (Art. 217)


Labatagos v. Sandiganbayan, 183 SCRA 415
Estepa v. Sandiganbayan, 182 SCRA 269
Ilogon v. Sandiganbayan, 218 SCRA 766
Azarcon v. Sandiganbayan, 268 SCRA 747

16. Failure of accountable officer to render accounts (Art. 218)

17. Failure of a responsible public officer to render accounts


before leaving the country (Art. 219)

18. Illegal use of public funds or property (Art. 220)

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19. Failure to make delivery of public funds or property (Art.
221)

D. Infidelity of Public Officers

Infidelity in the custody of prisoners

20. Conniving with or consenting to evasion (Art. 223)


Rodillas v. Sandiganbayan, 161 SCRA 347

21. Evasion through negligence (Art. 224)

22. Escape of prisoner under the custody of a person not a


public officer (Art. 225)

Infidelity in the custody of documents

23. Removal, concealment or destruction of documents (Art.


226)

24. Officer breaking seal (Art. 227)

25. Opening of closed documents (Art. 228)

Revelation of secrets

26. Revelation of secrets by an officer (Art. 229)

27. Public officer revealing secrets of private individual (Art. 230)

E. Other Offenses or Irregularities by Public Officers

Disobedience, refusal of assistance and maltreatment of


prisoners

28. Open disobedience (Art. 231)

29. Disobedience to order of superior officer, when said order


was suspended by inferior officer (Art. 232)

30. Refusal of assistance (Art. 233)

31. Refusal to discharge elective office (Art. 234)

32. Maltreatment of prisoners (Art. 235)

Anticipation, prolongation and abandonment of the duties


and powers of public office

33. Anticipation of duties of a public office (Art. 236)

34. Prolonging performance of duties and powers (Art. 237)

35. Abandonment of office or position (Art. 238)

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Usurpation of powers and unlawful appointments

36. Usurpation of legislative powers (Art. 239)

37. Usurpation of executive functions (Art. 240)

38. Usurpation of judicial functions (Art. 241)

39. Disobeying request for disqualification (Art. 242)

40. Orders or requests by executive officers to any judicial


authority (Art. 243)

41. Unlawful appointments (Art. 244)

Abuses against chastity

42. Abuses against chastity (Art. 245)

Graft and corruption


Rep. Act No. 1379
Almeda v. Perez, 5 SCRA 970
Cabal v. Kapunan, 6 SCRA 1059
Republic v. IAC, 172 SCRA 296 [172 SCRA 295 [1989].

Rep. Act No. 3019 (see also Rep. Act No. 6713)
Jaravata v. Sandiganbayan, 127 SCRA 363
Trieste v. Sandiganbayan, 145 SCRA 508
Mejorada v. Sandiganbayan, 151 SCRA 399

Plunder
Rep. Act No. 7080
Estrada vs. Sandiganbayan GR No. 148560 November 19, 2001
Organo vs. Sandiganbayan GR Ni. 136916 December 14, 1999

VIII. CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS

A. Destruction of Life

Parricide, murder, homicide

1. Parricide (Art. 246)


People v. Jumawan, 116 SCRA 739
People v. Tomotorgo, 136 SCRA 238

2. Death or physical injuries inflicted under exceptional


circumstances (Art. 247)
People v. Abarca, 153 SCRA 735

3. Murder (Art. 248)

4. Homicide (Art. 249)

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People v. Buensuceso, 132 SCRA 143
People v. Pugay, 167 SCRA 439

5. Death caused in a tumultuous affray (Art. 251)

6. Physical injuries inflicted in a tumultuous affray (Art. 252)

A. Giving assistance to suicide (Art.253)

8. Discharge of firearms (Art. 254)

Infanticide and abortion

9. Infanticide (Art. 255)

10. Intentional abortion (Art. 256)

11. Unintentional abortion (Art. 257)


People v. Salufrania, 159 SCRA 439

12. Abortion practiced by the woman herself or by her parents


(Art. 258)p

13. Abortion practiced by a physician or midwife and dispensing


of abortives (Art. 259)

Duel

14. Duel (Art. 260)

15. Challenging to a duel (Art. 261)

B. Physical Injuries

16. Mutilation (Art. 262)

17. Serious physical injuries (Art. 263)

18. Administering injurious substances or beverages (Art. 264)

19. Less serious physical injuries (Art. 265)

20. Slight physical injuries and maltreatment (Art. 266)

C. Rape

21. Rape (Art. 266-A)


Rep. Act No. 8353
People v. Orita, 184 SCRA 105
People v. Mangalino, 182 SCRA 329
People v. Villapana, 161 SCRA 72
People v. Balvuena, 129 SCRA 10
People v. Castro 196 SCRA 679
People v. Ateneo, 196 SCRA 357

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Hazing
Rep. Act No. 8049

IX. CRIMES AGAINST PERSONAL LIBERTY AND SECURITY

A. Crimes Against Liberty

Illegal detention

1. Kidnapping and serious illegal detention (Art. 267)


People v. Tomio, 202 SCRA 77
People v. Mercado, 131 SCRA 501
People v. Del Socorro, 182 SCRA 359 (cf. RA 7610)
People v. Padica, 221 SCRA 362
People v. Ramos, G.R. No. 118570, Oct. 12, 1998

2. Slight illegal detention (Art. 268)

3. Unlawful arrest (Art. 269)

Kidnapping of minors

4. Kidnapping and failure to return a minor (Art. 270)


People v. CA, 198 SCRA 186

5. Inducing a minor to abandon his home (Art. 271)

Slavery and servitude

6. Slavery (Art. 272)

7. Exploitation of child labor (Art. 273)

8. Services rendered under compulsion in payment of debts


(Art. 274)

B. Crimes Against Security

Abandonment of helpless persons and exploitation of minors

9. Abandonment of persons in danger and abandonment of


one's own victim (Art. 275)
Lamera v. CA, 198 SCRA 186

10. Abandoning a minor (Art. 276)

11. Abandonment of minor by person entrusted with his


custody; indifference of parents (Art. 277)

12. Exploitation of minors (Art. 278)

Trespass to dwelling

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13. Qualified trespass to dwelling (Art. 280)

14. Other forms of trespass (Art. 281)

Threats and coercion

15. Grave threats (Art. 282)


Timoner v. People, 125 SCRA 830
Lee v. CA, 201 SCRA 405

16. Light threats (Art. 283)

17. Other light threats (Art. 285)

18. Grave coercions (Art. 286)

19. Light coercions (Art. 287)

Unjust vexation
People v. Reyes, 60 Phil. 369
People v. Anonuevo, 36 OG 2018

20. Other similar coercions (Art. 288)

21. Formation, maintenance and prohibition of combination of


capital or labor through violence or threats (Art. 289)

C. Discovery and Revelation of Secrets

22. Discovering secrets through seizure of correspondence (Art.


290)

23. Revealing secrets with abuse of office (Art. 291)

24. Revelation of industrial secrets (Art. 292)

X. CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY

A. Robbery in General

1. Robbery with violence against or intimidation of persons (Art.


294)

2. Robbery with physical injuries, committed in an uninhabited


place and by a band, or with the use of firearm on a street,
road or alley Art. 295)

3. Attempted and frustrated robbery committed under certain


circumstances (Art. 297)

4. Execution of deeds by means of violence or intimidation (rt.


298)

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5. Robbery in an inhabited house or public building or edifice
devoted to worship (Art. 299)

6. Robbery in an uninhabited place and by a band (Art. 300)

7. Robbery in an uninhabited place or in a private building (Art.


302)

8. Robbery of cereals, fruits, or firewood in an uninhabited


place or private building (Art. 303)

Robbery
Napolis v. Court of Appeals, 43 SCRA 301
People v. Biruar, 130 SCRA 513

Robbery with homicide


People v. Mangulabnan, 99 Phil. 992
People v. Calixtro, 123 SCRA 369
People v. Pecato, 151 SCRA 14
People v. Tapales, 93 SCRA 134
People v. Quiñones, 183 SCRA 747

Robbery with rape


People v. Patola, 141 SCRA 401
People v. Dinola, 183 SCRA 493
People v. Moreno, 220 SCRA 292

Robbery with physical injuries


People v. Salvilla, 184 SCRA 671

Robbery in band
People v. Apduhan, 24 SCRA 798

Robbery by use of force upon things


People v. Jaranilla, 55 SCRA 563

9. Possession of picklocks or similar tools (Art. 304)

10. False keys (Art. 305)

B. Brigandage

11. Brigandage (Art. 306)

12. Aiding and abetting a band of brigands (Art. 307)

Highway Robbery
Pres. Decree No. 532
People v. Puno, 219 SCRA 85
People v. Pulusan, G.R. No. 110037, May 21, 1998

C. Theft

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13. Theft (Art. 308)
People v. Gulinao, 179 SCRA 774
Santos v. People, 181 SCRA 487

14. Qualified Theft (Art. 310)


Empelis v. IAC, 132 SCRA 398

Carnapping
R.A. No 10883
Rep. Act No. 6539
People v. De la Cruz, 183 SCRA 763
Izon v. People, 107 SCRA 118

Cattle rustling
Pres. Decree No. 533
Taer v. CA, 186 SCRA 598
Ordonio v. CA, 199 SCRA 873

Theft of electricity; illegal water, electric or telephone connections


Pres. Decree No. 401
Rep. Act No. 7832
Rep. Act No. 8041

Illegal fishing
Rep. Act No. 8550, sec. 86 et seq.
Hizon v. CA, 265 SCRA 517

Illegal logging
Pres. Decree No. 330
Pres. Decree No. 705, sec. 68
Mustang Lumber, Inc. v. CA, June 19, 1996

Fencing
Pres. Decree No. 1612

15. Theft of the property of the National Library and National


Museum Art. 311)

D. Usurpation

16. Occupation of real property or usurpation of real rights in


property (Art. 312)

17. Altering boundaries or landmarks (Art. 313)

E. Culpable Insolvency

18. Fraudulent insolvency (Art. 314)

E. Swindling and Other Deceits

19. Swindling (estafa) (Art. 315)

Through unfaithfulness or abuse of confidence

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Saddul v. CA, 192 SCRA 277

Trust receipts
Pres. Decree No. 115
Allied Banking Corp. v. Ordoñez, 192 SCRA 246
Lee v. Rodil, 175 SCRA 100

Through false pretenses, fraudulent acts or means


Celino v. CA, 163 SCRA 97
Abejuela v. People, 200 SCRA 806
Koh Tieck Heng v. People, 192 SCRA 533
People v. Ong, 204 SCRA 942

Bouncing checks
Batas Pambansa Blg. 22
Nierras v. Dacuycuy, 181 SCRA 1
People v. Gorospe, 157 SCRA 154
Que v. People, 154 SCRA 160
People v. Nitafan, 215 SCRA 79
Lim Lao v. CA, 274 SCRA 572
Idos v. CA, G.R. No. 110782, Sept. 25, 1998

20. Other forms of swindling (Art. 316)

21. Swindling a minor (Art. 317)

22. Other deceits (Art. 318)


Villaflor v. CA, 192 SCRA 680
Veloso v. Sandiganbayan, 187 SCRA 504

Swindling by syndicate
Pres. Decree No. 1689

F. Chattel Mortgage

23. Removal, sale or pledge of mortgaged property (Art. 319)

G. Arson and Other Crimes Involving Destruction

24. Destructive arson (Art. 320)

25. Other forms of arson (Art. 321)

26. Cases of arson not included in the preceding articles (Art.


322)

27. Arson of property of small value (Art. 323)

28. Crimes involving destruction (Art. 324)

29. Burning one's own property as means to commit arson (Art.


325)

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30. Setting fire to property exclusively owned by the offender
(Art. 326)

31. In cases where death resulted as a consequence of arson


(Art. 326-A)

H. Malicious Mischief

32. Malicious mischief (Art. 327)


Caballes v. DAR, 168 SCRA 247
PD 1728

33. Special cases of malicious mischief (Art. 328)

34. Other mischiefs (Art. 329)

35. Damage and obstruction to means of communication (Art.


330)

36. Destroying or damaging statues, public monuments or


paintings (Art. 331)

XI. CRIMES AGAINST CHASTITY

A. Adultery and Concubinage

1. Adultery (Art. 333)

2. Concubinage (Art. 334)

B. Acts of Lasciviousness

3. Acts of lasciviousness (Art. 336)


People v. Famularcano, 43 OG o

C. Seduction, Corruption of Minors, and White Slave Trade

4. Qualified seduction (Art. 337)


People v. Fontanilla, 23 SCRA 1227
Babanto v. Zoza 120 SCRA 844
Perez v. CA, 168 SCRA 236

5. Simple seduction (Art. 338)

6. Acts of lasciviousness with the consent of the offended party (Art.


339)

7. Corruption of minors (Art. 340)


Child prostitution
Rep. Act No. 7610 sec. 5 and 6

8. White slave trade (Art. 341)

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D. Abduction

9. Forcible abduction (Art. 342)

10. Consented abduction (Art. 343)

Abduction; forcible abduction with rape


People v. Sunpongco, 163 SCRA 222
People v. Jose, 37 SCRA 450
People v. Alburo, 184 SCRA 655
People v. Godines, 196 SCRA 765

Prosecution of private offenses


Pilapil v. Ibay-Somera, 174 SCRA 653

XII. CRIMES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS

A. Simulation of Births and Usurpation of Civil Status

1. Simulation of births, substitution of one child for another and


concealment or abandonment of a legitimate child (Art. 347)
People v. Sangalang, 74 OG 5977

2. Usurpation of civil status (Art. 348)

B. Illegal Marriages

3. Bigamy (Art. 349)


People v. Aragon, 100 Phil. 1033
Mercado v. Tan, 337 SCRA 122 (2000)
Morigo v. People, 422 SCRA 376 (2004)
Tenebro v. Court of Appeals, 423 SCRA 272 (2004)
CIV. CODE, art. 40

4. Marriage contracted against provisions of law (Art. 350)


Cosca v. Palaypayon, 237 SCRA 249 (1994)
Sermonia v. Court of Appeals, 233 SCRA 155 (1994)

5. Premature marriage (Art. 351)

6. Performance of illegal marriage ceremony (Art. 352)

XIII. CRIMES AGAINST HONOR

A. Libel

1. Libel by means of writings or similar means (Art. 355)


Vasquez v. Court of Appeals, 314 SCRA 460 (1999)
Brillante v. Court of Appeals, 440 SCRA 541 (2004)
Alonzo v. Court of Appeals, 241 SCRA 51 (1995)
Gonzales v. Arcilla, 203 SCRA 609 (1991)
Sazon v. Court of Appeals, 255 SCRA 692 (1996)

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Flor v. People, 454 SCRA 440 (2005)
Borjal v. Court of Appeals, 301 SCRA 1 (1999)
Santos v. Court of Appeals, 203 SCRA 110 (1991)
Bulletin Publishing Corp. v. Noel, 167 SCRA 255 (1988)
Agustin v. Pamintuan, 467 SCRA 601 (2005)

2. Threatening to publish and offer to prevent such publication for a


compensation (Art. 356)

3. Prohibited publication of acts referred to in the course of official


proceedings (Art. 357)

4. Slander (Art. 358)


Victorio v. Court of Appeals, 173 SCRA 645 (1989)
Gonzales v. Arcilla, 203 SCRA 609, 614 (1991)
Balite v. People, 18 SCRA 280 (1966)
Larobis v. Court of Appeals, 639, 642 (1993)
Reyes v. People, 27 SCRA 686
People v. Pelayo, 64 OG 1991
People v. Prieto, 71 OG 3251
People v. Mendoza, 75 OG 5607
People v. Judge Orcullo, 111 SCRA 609

5. Slander by deed (Art. 359)

B. Incriminatory Machinations

6. Incriminating innocent person (Art. 363)


People v. Alagao, 16 SCRA 879

7. Intriguing against honor (Art. 364)


Tak Ng vs. Republic of the Philippines, 106 Phil. 727 (1959)
Betguen v. Masangcay, 238 SCRA 475 (1994)

Wiretapping
Rep. Act No. 4200
Ganaan v. Intermediate Appellate Court, 145 SCRA 112 (1986)
Ramirez v. Court of Appeals, 248 SCRA 590 (1995)

XIV. QUASI-OFFENSES

1. Imprudence and negligence (Art. 365)

Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, section 32, par. 2


Quizon v. The Justice of the Peace of Pampanga, et.al., 97 Phil.
342 (1955)
People v. Faller, 67 Phil. 529 (1939)
Carillo v. People, 229 SCRA 386 (1994)
Gan v. Court of Appeals, 165 SCRA 378 (1988)
Ibabao v. People, 132 SCRA 217 (1984)
People v. Buan, 22 SCRA 1383 (1968)
Buerano v. Court of Appeals, 115 SCRA 217 (1982)
Cuyos v. Garcia, 160 SCRA 302 (1988)

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rmp/20160120
Thanks to Prof. DPCalica, Prof. AMuyot, LBReyes

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