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ORGANIC INULIN & FOS EXTRACTED FROM JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE A NEW PROCESSING INDUSTRY FOR THE USA
ORGANIC INULIN & FOS EXTRACTED
FROM JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE
A NEW PROCESSING INDUSTRY FOR THE USA
JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE A NEW PROCESSING INDUSTRY FOR THE USA By Inulin Unlimited L.L.C. (I.U. L.L.C.)

By Inulin Unlimited L.L.C. (I.U. L.L.C.) inulinunlimited@comcast.net,

ARTICHOKE A NEW PROCESSING INDUSTRY FOR THE USA By Inulin Unlimited L.L.C. (I.U. L.L.C.) inulinunlimited@comcast.net,
ORGANIC NATIVE INULIN & FOS PILOT SIZE PROJECT INULIN is present in all grains and
ORGANIC NATIVE INULIN & FOS
PILOT SIZE PROJECT
INULIN is present in all grains and in many vegetables,
but in variable, sometimes very small quantity
When Inulin is partially hydrolyzed, it becomes
Fructo-Oligo-Saccharides (FOS) or Oligo-Fructose
INULIN IS:
Fructo-Oligo-Saccharides (FOS) or Oligo-Fructose INULIN IS:  A natural Polysaccharide called FRUCTAN with NO caloric


A natural Polysaccharide called FRUCTAN with NO caloric value A natural Dietary Liquid Fiber (FDA GRAS Status) A natural Texturant (Bulking and Binding agent) A natural low-cal Fat or Sweetener Replacer A natural Prebiotic, Bifidus Bacteria Enhancer A calcium & Magnesium Fixing Agent (Osteoporosis) A Cholesterol & Triglycerides serums Improver A Hunger Suppressant

(Osteoporosis) A Cholesterol & Triglycerides serums Improver A Hunger Suppressant      
(Osteoporosis) A Cholesterol & Triglycerides serums Improver A Hunger Suppressant      
   
  
(Osteoporosis) A Cholesterol & Triglycerides serums Improver A Hunger Suppressant      
Truck to Planter : Jerusalem Artichoke tubers ready to be planted

Truck to Planter : Jerusalem Artichoke tubers ready to be planted

Truck to Planter : Jerusalem Artichoke tubers ready to be planted
    INULIN can be found in big quantity in four different plants

INULIN can be found in big quantity in four different plants
INULIN can be found in big quantity in four different plants
INULIN can be found in big quantity in four different plants CHICORY root JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE tubercle,

CHICORY root JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE tubercle, also called Sunroot

root JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE tubercle, also called Sunroot    BLUE AGAVE  DAHLIA bulb Chicory
 
 BLUE AGAVE  DAHLIA bulb
 BLUE AGAVE
 DAHLIA bulb

Chicory roots cannot be farmed organically; it needs multiple herbicides and fungicides to be a successful crop.

multiple herbicides and fungicides to be a successful crop. INULIN is exclusively extracted today from CHICORY

INULIN is exclusively extracted today from CHICORY root manufactured by three sugar-beet sugar processors, all located in Europe (Belgium & Netherlands). This new industry started in 1989 (5,000 tons).

This new industry started in 1989 (5,000 tons). 120,000 tons of various types of Inulin and

120,000 tons of various types of Inulin and FOS were produced in 2016 ; the three major foreign processors exported in 2014, 100,000 tonnes world wide for a global value of US $ 300 million

tonnes world wide for a global value of US $ 300 million  In 2017, the
 In 2017, the US are still not producing one once of these compounds and
In 2017, the US are still not producing one once of these compounds and
imported the totality of their needs:
30,000 tons for a declared trade value > 100 million dollars.

Jerusalem Artichoke Planter, one element (detail)

Jerusalem Artichoke Planter, one element (detail)
INULIN & FOS USES
INULIN & FOS USES
In the Food Industry:   INULIN is a Functional Bulking Agent & a Functional
In the Food Industry:
 INULIN is a Functional Bulking Agent & a Functional Fat Replacer
Dairy Products: yogurts, cheeses, whipping cream
Dressings
Ice Cream
Meat industries
FOS (Inulin partially hydrolyzed) is a Functional Sweetener Replacer
(Binder, Coater) with important Nutritional Values: Dietary Fiber, Pre-
Biotic
Cereals
Granola & Cereal bars
Bakery industry
In the Non-Food Industry:
A polymer component in the bio-degradable Plastic Industry
A hardener in the Ceramic Industry
A bio-degradable component in the Detergent Industry
Jerusalem Artichoke Beds, as in the potato farming

Jerusalem Artichoke Beds, as in the potato farming

Jerusalem Artichoke Beds, as in the potato farming
Jerusalem Artichoke can very easily be farmed organically Jerusalem Artichoke farming is one of the
Jerusalem Artichoke can very easily be
farmed organically
Jerusalem Artichoke farming is one of the
rare un-risky crop
Artichoke farming is one of the rare un-risky crop Fast canopy development ( > ten feet

Fast canopy development ( > ten feet ); no herbicides needed No intensive nitrogen fertilizing (detrimental to CH content)

intensive nitrogen fertilizing (detrimental to CH content) Very rustic crop; no insecticides or fungicides needed No
Very rustic crop; no insecticides or fungicides needed
Very rustic crop; no insecticides or fungicides needed
No intensive tilling like potatoes Water needs are one third of potato requirements When mature,
No intensive tilling like potatoes
Water needs are one third of potato requirements
When mature, very heavy frost resistance without damage (10°F)
Same equipment used by potato farming: planter, bed maker,
digger …
When needed, same kind of storage as in the potato industry
Canopy Closing Six Weeks After Planting
Canopy
Closing
Six Weeks
After
Planting
Organic Jerusalem Artichoke : a very sustainable crop
Organic Jerusalem Artichoke : a very sustainable crop
 

Permanent setup by cheap regeneration Self propagation from its own tubers (no seed patent or GMO dependency) Small water need compared to potatoes or corn Best crop known for carbon sequestration Natural nematicide: in rotation with other crops, Sunroots are dropping root-nematodes population by > 50% the very first year. Processing energy needs are totally covered by Stalks (bagasse) energy value All by-products are recyclable as feed or compost (pulps & vinasses) The organic process proposed is both chemical and waste free

feed or compost (pulps & vinasses) The organic process proposed is both chemical and waste free
   
feed or compost (pulps & vinasses) The organic process proposed is both chemical and waste free

Organic Acreage in WA State
Organic Acreage in WA State
Organic Acreage in WA State
JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE CANOPY SIZE AT MATURITY
JERUSALEM
ARTICHOKE
CANOPY SIZE
AT MATURITY
Additional important Agronomic considerations Jerusalem Artichoke Can be planted in fall when tilling is easy.
Additional important Agronomic
considerations
Jerusalem Artichoke
Can be planted in fall when tilling is easy. No need of seed storage
in fall when tilling is easy. No need of seed storage  Bio Ethanol alternative crop

Bio Ethanol alternative crop if wanted; can produce up to 1,000- 1,200 gallons/acre of ethanol (corn: 375 gallons/acre)

1,200 gallons/acre of ethanol ( corn: 375 gallons/acre) Tubercles can be stored like potatoes with little
1,200 gallons/acre of ethanol ( corn: 375 gallons/acre) Tubercles can be stored like potatoes with little
Tubercles can be stored like potatoes with little loss of fructans  Farming cost is
Tubercles can be stored like potatoes with little loss of fructans
Farming cost is > 30-40% lower than the potato farming cost
Stalks represent an equivalent energy of 10-12 MWh/acre
Stalks represent an equivalent energy of 10-12 MWh/acre  New clones in Eastern Europe are now

New clones in Eastern Europe are now yielding 35-40t/acre (yield setup in this Pilot Project:25t/Acre)

10-12 MWh/acre  New clones in Eastern Europe are now yielding 35-40t/acre (yield setup in this
10-12 MWh/acre  New clones in Eastern Europe are now yielding 35-40t/acre (yield setup in this
STALKS REMOVAL; Shredding in fall
STALKS REMOVAL; Shredding in fall
STALKS REMOVAL; Shredding in fall
Jerusalem Artichoke Harvest with a potato digger
Jerusalem Artichoke Harvest with a potato digger
Jerusalem Artichoke Harvest with a potato digger
PILOT PLANT PRODUCTION FORECAST
PILOT PLANT PRODUCTION FORECAST
Processing capacity: 2.5 tons/hour, 50 tons per day   Surface needed: 500 acres /
Processing capacity: 2.5 tons/hour, 50 tons per day
Surface needed: 500 acres / year @ 30 t / acre or 15,000
tons of tubercles/year
Window of Extraction: 330 days
 Production: Organic Fructo-Oligo-Saccharide (FOS)
Syrups L85-15 (75 BRIX) , 630,000 gallons/year
Total Revenues: M$ 9-10 / YEAR
Jerusalem Artichoke on potato sorting table
Jerusalem Artichoke on potato sorting table
Jerusalem Artichoke on potato sorting table

PROCESSING

Flow Sheet Summary
Flow Sheet Summary
 Reception, Washing, De-stoning and Sorting are similar to potato processing  Organic FOS syrups
 Reception,
Washing, De-stoning and Sorting are similar to potato processing
 Organic FOS syrups process includes:
Tuber Slicing into chips dehydrated on conveyor belt dryer: 60 days in fall
 Milling into flour : 20-30 microns
 Re-melting year round with water; sonication application for extraction rate
improvement
Hot water extraction in steam jacketed reactor with permanent stirring
 Centrifugal separation (pulp) and impurities  
Centrifugal separation (pulp) and impurities

Filtering & Color removal with active carbon by rotary vacuum drum filter coated with perlite Controlled hydrolysis with organic yeast from Novo Nordisk

Controlled hydrolysis with organic yeast from Novo Nordisk Purification by membranes (Ultra-Filtration)   Nano
Purification by membranes (Ultra-Filtration)
Purification by membranes (Ultra-Filtration)

 Nano Filtration (NF) with Diafiltration Water (DF)  Reverse Osmosis (RO)  Evaporation, Concentration
Nano Filtration (NF) with Diafiltration Water (DF)
Reverse Osmosis (RO)
Evaporation, Concentration
ROTARY DRUM VACUUM FILTER
ROTARY DRUM VACUUM FILTER
ROTARY DRUM VACUUM FILTER

PURIFICATION MEMBRANES

PURIFICATION MEMBRANES
PROCESSING
PROCESSING
Additional considerations
Additional considerations
Other products could be extracted from Jerusalem Artichoke:
Other products could be extracted from Jerusalem Artichoke:
Other products could be extracted from Jerusalem Artichoke:    Organic dried pure Inulin, as

 

Organic dried pure Inulin, as fat replacer Organic dried Polysaccharides (Dried FOS powder)

replacer Organic dried Polysaccharides (Dried FOS powder) Organic proteins for Pharmaceutical & Nutraceutical
Organic proteins for Pharmaceutical & Nutraceutical Industries
Organic proteins for Pharmaceutical & Nutraceutical Industries
 Organic Ethanol for Cosmetic & Aromas Industries  Organic Flours, gluten free  Organic
Organic Ethanol for Cosmetic & Aromas Industries
Organic Flours, gluten free
Organic dried pulps for feed purposes
Organic Sesquiterpenes lactones… etc
Main advantage: FOS & Inulin from Organic Jerusalem Artichoke have no
bitterness compared to FOS & Inulin from Chicory.

EVAPORATOR CONCENTRATOR Centritherm
EVAPORATOR CONCENTRATOR
Centritherm
EVAPORATOR CONCENTRATOR Centritherm

ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM THE AERIAL CANOPY Stalks (3t/acre @ 20% moisture) provide 10.5 MWh/acre Stillage
ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM THE AERIAL
CANOPY
Stalks (3t/acre @ 20% moisture) provide 10.5 MWh/acre
Stillage from alcohol processing can be bio-digested
1 acre = 10,000 gallons of stillage = 4,700 cf of bio gas @ 56% of
methane/acre
It is the equivalent of an additional 1.36 MWh/acre
Total energy produced by stalks and by-products: 11.8 MWh/acre
Total Energy needed for the Process: 9.1 MWh/acre
Total Energy needed for the Process: 9.1 MWh/acre
Stampede Cultivar
Stampede
Cultivar
INULIN & FOS US IMPORTS 2005-2015 UNITED NATIONS COMTRADE STATISTICS DIVISION
INULIN & FOS US IMPORTS 2005-2015
UNITED NATIONS COMTRADE STATISTICS DIVISION

Waldspindel Cultivar

Waldspindel Cultivar
SALES-DISTRIBUTION-MARKETING CIRANDA Innovative Organic Ingredients, located in Hudson Wisconsin, is interested, in a
SALES-DISTRIBUTION-MARKETING
CIRANDA Innovative Organic Ingredients, located in
Hudson Wisconsin, is interested, in a first step, by the
distribution of the Organic FOS Syrup; in a second step
by Inulin and all the other by-products: Organic Proteins,
Organic Ethanol, organic Flour.
Cargill Health & Nutrition may also be interested to add the
Organic FOS Syrup version to its Fructan palette.
STAMPEDE TUBERS (detail)

STAMPEDE TUBERS (detail)

STAMPEDE TUBERS (detail)
FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS  The projected pilot plant Total Fixed Capital Investment (FCI) is $ 6,000,000
FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
 The projected pilot plant Total Fixed Capital
Investment (FCI) is $ 6,000,000 (processing
equipment, building, Piping, electrical, land, yard,
utilities cost and construction, contractors,
engineering fees as well as startup expenses).
Average projected ROI, for this 2-3 t/hour
pilot size processing plant, is > 20% per year.

STAMPEDE CULTIVAR, in crates after harvest

STAMPEDE CULTIVAR, in crates after harvest
WHY ARE THE USA ABLE TO BE COMPETITIVE IN THE INULIN INDUSTRY ?
WHY ARE THE USA ABLE TO BE
COMPETITIVE IN THE INULIN
INDUSTRY ?
 USA can produce 30% more High Molecular Weight (HMW) organic FOS syrup per acre
 USA can produce 30% more High Molecular Weight
(HMW) organic FOS syrup per acre from Jerusalem
artichoke than Europe can produced from chicory.
 Organic Jerusalem artichoke farming cost is $ 0.17/ lb of
syrup produced in the US. It is 29% cheaper than the Non-
Organic Chicory farming cost in Europe: $ 0.24/lb
 Organic US processing cost is cheaper (purification by
membranes) and friendly with the environment compared
to the European processing & refining system: diffusion
(biocides needed) , liming & carbonation, ion exchange
columns, resin regeneration (heavy chemical use).
STAMPEDE TUBERS (detail)

STAMPEDE TUBERS (detail)

STAMPEDE TUBERS (detail)
IU L.L.C. CREDENTIALS
IU L.L.C. CREDENTIALS
 Over 30 years experience in Fructan crops farming  Ten years of experience as
 Over 30 years experience in Fructan crops farming
 Ten years of experience as BENEO-ORAFTI Senior Project
Manager; the world largest Inulin and FOS processor .
 Completed extensive Fructans research and trials in:
 Europe: France, Belgium, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Eastern
Europe
 North America: Canada (BC, AL & QC), US (WA, NY, CA,
OH, NE, OR, VA, GA, FL), Mexico (Celaya, Queretaro)
 South Africa (Port Alfred, Port Elizabeth)
 Australia (Bundaberg, Queensland)
 Brazil (Campinas, Sao Paulo)
 Argentina (Cordoba)
 Chile (Chillan, Bulnes, Los Angeles, Osorno)
IU L.L.C. CREDENTIALS  Vast experience in the propagation & maintenance of seeds from an
IU L.L.C. CREDENTIALS
 Vast experience in the propagation & maintenance of seeds
from an array of the seven most productive Jerusalem
artichoke varieties farmed in the State of WA
Many years of assistance, trials, lab pilot processing with:
 Battelle
 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
 WSU (Extension Center & Experimental Station, Mount
Vernon, WA)

BENEO ORAFTI PROCESSING PLANTS OREYE, BELGIUM & SAN PEDRO, CHILE

BENEO ORAFTI PROCESSING PLANTS OREYE, BELGIUM & SAN PEDRO, CHILE
BENEO ORAFTI PROCESSING PLANTS OREYE, BELGIUM & SAN PEDRO, CHILE
BENEO ORAFTI PROCESSING PLANTS OREYE, BELGIUM & SAN PEDRO, CHILE

BOUQUET OF JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE FLOWERS by CLAUDE MONET

BOUQUET OF JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE FLOWERS by CLAUDE MONET