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# Directions:

## sample answer: 0.1234

1. McGyver is faced with the problem of opening a safe with 10 buttons numbered from 0 to 9.
The safe can be opened by pressing three buttons, not necessarily distinct, in correct order.
Realizing that the probability of getting the right combination is too small McGyver thought of a
way of swinging the odds in his favor. He pulverized the lead from a pencil and blew the powder
onto the buttons, revealing three buttons that have been pressed many times before. What is
the probability that McGyver will be able to open the safe in a single trial?
0.5
2. A committee of four people is to be formed from six doctors and eight dentists. Find the
probability that the committee will consist of the following one doctor and three dentists.
0.3357

3. A box contains 6 red and 4 black balls. Two balls from the box are drawn one at a time without
replacement. What is the probability that the second ball is red if it is known that the first is
red?
0.5556
4. A secretary has three telephones on her desk, each with a different number, and none is an
extension. During a 15-second interval the probability that phone 1 will ring is 0.35, that phone
2 will ring is 0.06, and that phone 3 will ring is 0.1. Find the probability that all three phones will
ring. 0.51

5. A box contains 2 red, 3 white, and 4 blue balls. If 3 balls are drawn at succession without
replacement, determine the probability that one for each color (red, white, blue - in this order).
0.0476
6. If a coin is tossed twice, what is the probability of getting a head on the second toss if the
outcome on the first toss is also a head?
0.5
7. A group of 150 randomly selected chief executive officers (CEO’s) were tested for personality
type. The table below gives the results of this survey

Type A Type B

Men 78 42

Women 19 11

If one CEO is selected at random from this group, find the probability that this CEO is a man that known
to have a type A personality. 0.52

8. A box contains 2 red, 3 white, and 4 blue balls. If 3 balls are drawn at succession without
replacement, determine the probability that all are blue.
0.0476
9. A bowl contains 15 red beads, 30 white beads, 20 blue beads, and 7 black beads. If one of the
beads is drawn at random, what is the probabilities that it will be white or black?
0.5139

10. A bowl contains 15 red beads, 30 white beads, 20 blue beads, and 7 black beads. If one of the
beads is drawn at random, what is the probabilities that it will be black?
0.0972
11. In drawing a card from a deck of 52 well-shuffled, what is the probability of drawing a face card
given that it is red?
0.2308

12. A secretary has three telephones on her desk, each with a different number, and none is an
extension. During a 15-second interval the probability that phone 1 will ring is 0.35, that phone
2 will ring is 0.06, and that phone 3 will ring is 0.1. Find the probability that none of the phones
will ring.
0.5499
13. Given:

Name-Brand Tire
64 16 80
Dealers (N)

Off-Brand Tire
42 78 120
Dealers (O)

## Total 106 94 200

What is the probability that a dealer will provide good service under warranty given that he is not a
name brand dealer?0.35

14. Arches National Park is located in southern Utah. The park is famous for its beautiful desert
landscape and its many natural sandstone arches. Park Ranger Edward McCarrick started an
inventory (not yet complete) of natural arches within the park that have an opening of at least 3
feet. The height of the arch opening is rounded to the nearest foot.

## Number of arches in park 111 96 30 33 18

For an arch chosen at random in Arches NAtional PArk, use the preceding information to estimate the
probability that the height of the arch opening is 3 to 49 feet.

0.8229
15. Arches National Park is located in southern Utah. The park is famous for its beautiful desert
landscape and its many natural sandstone arches. Park Ranger Edward McCarrick started an
inventory (not yet complete) of natural arches within the park that have an opening of at least 3
feet. The height of the arch opening is rounded to the nearest foot.

## Number of arches in park 111 96 30 33 18

For an arch chosen at random in Arches NAtional PArk, use the preceding information to estimate the
probability that the height of the arch opening is 10 to 74 feet.

0.5521

16. A box contains 2 red, 3 white, and 4 blue balls. If 3 balls are drawn at succession without
replacement, determine the probability that first two are blue and the last is white.
0.0357
17. The geographical distribution of hometown of some 80 students at DLSU-D is given as: 50 from
Cavite, 10 from Laguna, and 20 from Manila. Suppose three students are selected. Find the
probability that no student comes from Cavite.
0.375

18. If the probability of passing Statistics is 0.65, what is the probability of failing the subject?
0.35
19. A committee of four people is to be formed from six doctors and eight dentists. Find the
probability that the committee will consist of the following all doctors.

0.0150

20. McGyver is faced with the problem of opening a safe with 10 buttons numbered from 0 to 9.
The safe can be opened by pressing three buttons, not necessarily distinct, in correct order.
What is the probability that McGyver will hit the right combination?
0.1667
21. Given:

Warranty Total

Name-Brand Tire
64 16 80
Dealers (N)

Off-Brand Tire
42 78 120
Dealers (O)

## Total 106 94 200

What is the probability of choosing a name-brand dealer who will provide good service under
warranty? 0.32

22. A committee of four people is to be formed from six doctors and eight dentists. Find the
probability that the committee will consist of the following all dentists.
0.0699
23. The geographical distribution of hometown of some 80 students at DLSU-D is given as: 50 from
Cavite, 10 from Laguna, and 20 from Manila. Suppose three students are selected. Find the
probability that they all come from the three places.

0.1217
24. Arches National Park is located in southern Utah. The park is famous for its beautiful desert
landscape and its many natural sandstone arches. Park Ranger Edward McCarrick started an
inventory (not yet complete) of natural arches within the park that have an opening of at least 3
feet. The height of the arch opening is rounded to the nearest foot.

## Number of arches in park 111 96 30 33 18

For an arch chosen at random in Arches NAtional PArk, use the preceding information to estimate the
probability that the height of the arch opening is 3 to 49 feet.

0.8229

25. A committee of four people is to be formed from six doctors and eight dentists. Find the
probability that the committee will consist of the following two doctors and two dentist.

0.4196