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IAMI revision questions

IAMI’s Electrical & Ship Construction


Switchboard & Safety

1. With reference to marine electrical distribution


systems:
a) State the meaning of the term insulated neutral. (8)
b) Briefly describe how the location of an earth fault can be found. (4)
c) State the safety precautions to be taken before investigating faulty electrical machinery. (4)

2.
a) List FIVE protective devices fitted to a main electrical switchboard. (10)
b) Explain the meaning of the term earth fault and state why it is undesirable in
electrical installations. (6)
3.
a) List FIVE precautions that should be taken before any work is carried out on
electrical equipment. (10)
b) Identify THREE additional precautions to those in Q4(a), if it has become essential
to work near to live equipment. (6)

4. With reference to the emergency generator:


a) state the checks required prior to starting the engine: (6)
b) describe the routine testing. (10)

5.
a) State THREE underlying causes of electrical causes of electrical equipment failure.
b) State the precautions to be taken before working on the switchboard.

6. With reference to electrical distribution systems:


a) State the meaning of the term earth fault; (2)
b) State FOUR different possible causes of an earth fault occurring in an electric
motor; (4)
c) State THREE undesirable consequences of earth faults; (3)
d) Describe ONE method of detecting earth faults. (7)

7. Explain why EACH of the following protective devices are fitted to a main electrical
switchboard.
i) Reverse power.
ii) Under voltage.
iii) Main circuit breaker overcurrent.
iv) Preference trips.
Batteries

1.
a) Name one publication dealing with the storage of ship’s batteries. (2)
b) List SEVEN precautions that should be taken when working in an area where
batteries are stored. (14)

2. With reference to secondary cell batteries:


a) slate the two types;(4)
b) state four applications on board ship. (4)
c) describe the maintenance required. (8)

Generators

1. Describe the procedure for running up and paralleling an alternator onto the switchboard. (16)

2. Describe the conditions that must be satisfied before paralleling an A.C. generator with the
main electrical switchboard. For each condition described explain how it is achieved. (16)
3.
a) State the conditions that must be satisfied before paralleling an A.C. generator with the
main electrical switchboard. (6)
b) For EACH condition stated in Q3(a) explain EACH of the following:
a) how it is monitored (4)
b) how it is adjusted (6)

4. Describe how to manually couple a second auxiliary generator to the main


switchboard and balance out the load.

5. Explain the procedure to be taken in EACH of the following circumstances in order to


prepare a large electrical generator set for maintenance:
a) taking the a. c. generator off electrical load; (6)
b) isolating the machine in order that work may be safely carried out. (10)

Motors

1. With reference to electrical motors:


a) List FOUR maintenance actions that are necessary for good operation. (8)
b) Describe how to test for electrical faults within in an electrical motor. (8)

2.
a) Describe how you would overhaul an electric motor that has been flooded with sea water.
(8)
b) Explain how to check the insulation resistance of the motor, stating the minimum acceptable
value. (8)

3. With reference to the testing and maintenance of large electric motors:


a) State the minimum satisfactory value of insulation resistance. (2)
b) State the instrument AND the voltage to be used for the insulation resistance test. (4)
c) State the regular maintenance that is necessary for good electric motor operation. (10)
4. With reference to small 3 phase electrical motor, driving a transfer pump that is not
used on a regular basis, failing to rotate when the start button is pressed:
a) Outline the procedure to determine the possible cause (8)
b) Explain the procedure to remove the motor should it be faulty and require changing (8)

5. State the procedure to be carried out if you found someone you suspected of having
received an electric shock. (16)

IAMI’s Ship Construction

Ship Construction

1. Explain the meaning and purpose of EACH of the following ship terms:
a) Transverse watertight bulkhead. (4)
b) Bilge keel. (4)
c) Shear strake. (4)
d) Cofferdam. (4)

2. Describe, with the aid of a sketch, the structural features of the bow which impart
structural strength. (16)

3.
a) State the structural features to bow and stem which impart structural strength. (8)
b) State the stability implications when using water to fight a fire on board a ship. (8)

4. Sketch the following ship construction features:


a) A plate floor;(6)
b) A watertight bulkhead. (6)
c) Explain how watertight bulkhead integrity may be tested. (4)

5. With reference to forward collision bulkheads:


a) Describe their construction; (8)
b) State their function;(4)
c) State their position, giving a reason for this positioning. (4)

6.
a) Describe, with the aid of a sketch, a freeing-port. (8)
b) Explain how freeing-ports assist in maintaining the stability of a ship. (8)

7.
a) Explain the term free-surface effect. (8)
b) Explain why free-surface effect is important in ro-ro ferries. (8)

8.
a) Describe how the thrust of the propeller is transmitted to the hull of the ship.(6)
b) Show with the aid of a sketch the principle of operation of a Michell thrust block. (10)

9. List EIGHT actions to be taken by the Engineer Officer of the Watch to ensure the safe
passage of the vessel through an area of heavy weather.(16)
10. With reference to transferring large quantities of fuel from double bottom storage tanks
to wing bunker tanks:
a) Explain the possible effects on the stability of the vessel. (8)
b) State the important checks to be made before and during the fuel transfer operation. (8)

11.
a) State the measurement that gives an indication of a ship’s stability.
b) Explain the meaning of the measurement stated in Q a)
c) Explain how the measurement given in Q a) indicates EACH of the following:
i) Stable stability,
ii) Unstable stability
iii) Neutral Stability

12. With reference to Bilge Injection System


a) Describe, with the aid of a sketch, a bilge injection system.
b) State the purpose of fitting a bilge injection system on board a ship.
c) Identify the location on board a ship of a bilge injection system.

13. With reference lubricating oil or fuel oil tanks that have ventilators on the vessels main
weather deck, explain EACH of the following:
a) The purpose of the ventilation;
b) How ingress of sea water in bad weather is
prevented;
c) How the risk of fire entering the ventilator is
reduced;
d) How the risk of pollution is reduced.

14. Explain, with reference to stability, why, when the vessel has full bunkers, fuel stored in
higher tanks, such as wing tanks, is generally used before fuel stored in lower tanks,
such as double bottom tanks.

15. Describe the inspection required of a weather deck water-tight door to ensure
compliance with load line survey.