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VIII.

OBSERVATION TABLE

No. Procedure Observation Result Hyphothesis/Reaction Conclusion


Nitrogen gas is formed
1 NaNO2 0,3 gram in 10 mL water Before : NaNO2(aq) + NH4Cl(aq)
by reacting NaNO2 and
- Inserted into Erlenmeyer flask pipe side - NaNO2 : white crystal  NaCl(aq) + N2(g)↑ +
NH4Cl through on
- Added NH4Cl (0,3 gram in 10 mL - NH4Cl : white crystal 2H2O(l)
heating process. That is
water) in separated funnel
After :
- Arranged the equipment for making N2 proven by extinguishing
N2(g) + O2(g)  2NO(g)
gas - NaNO2+water : colorless
the flame.
- Heated solution
- Opened carefully the crane Based on theory volume of
- NH4Cl+water : colorless
- Accommodated the gas into graduated N2 is 96,32 mL and the
cylinder which contains of full water solution
flame is extinguished
with reserved position - Heated : bubble gas is
formed
Gas N2 - The volume of N2 gas is 80
formed mL
- Calculated the volumes
- Tested the gas by wood with great flame - Tested the flame, the flame
- Observed is extinguished

Filtered paper is
purple
2 Before : - 2NaNO2(aq) + H2SO4 (aq) NO2 gas is formed
0,25 gram NaNO2
- NaNO2 : white crystal  Na2SO4(aq) + between NaNO2 and
- Added 2,5 mL aquadest - Aquadest : colorless 2NO2↑(g) + H2↑(g) H2SO4. Then NO gas is
- Divided into 2 parts - H2SO4 4M : colorless formed between NaNO2,
- KI solution : colorless - 2NaNO2(aq) + 2KI(aq) + KI, and H2SO4 It
Tube I Tube I - Amylum : colorless 4H2SO4(aq)  produce purple color
- Added 3-5 - Added 1 mL of
4KHSO4(aq) + I2(aq) + because there is reaction
drops of aquadest
- Added 3-5 drops After : 2NO(g) + 2H2O(l) between iod and amylum
H2SO4 4M
- Observed the of KI solution - NaNO2 + aquadest: colorless and formed complex iod
steam - Added 2-3 drops -2NO(g) + I2(aq) 2NOI(aq)
amylum solution and cool (endoterm) amylum.
- Added 1 mL of - Test Tube I
-
H2SO4 0,1M
NaNO3 + aquadest + H2SO4
- Observed the
changing : colorless solution and there

Result is a little vapour the color is


Result
light yellow(+)
- Test Tube II
NaNO2 + aquadest + KI :
colorless;
NaNO2 + aquadest + KI +
amylum : colorless solution;
Added H2SO4 diluted : dark
purple solution and there is a
little vapour (++)
3 Before : - 4HNO3(aq) + 2H2SO4 Formed ring that called
1 mL HNO3 0,1M solution - HNO3 0,1M : colorless
(aq)  4NO2↑(g) + Tengguli ring which is
solution
- Poured into test tube O2↑(g) + H2SO4(aq) (Fe(NO)2+
- Added 1 mL of H2SO4 4 M - H2SO4 4M : colorless
- Cooled solution - 2NO3-(aq) + 4H2SO4(aq)
- Added 0,5 mL of FeSO4 0,2 M solution
- FeSO4 0,2M: yellow + 6Fe2+(aq)  6Fe3+(aq)
slowly through wall tube
- solution + 2NO↑ (g) + 4SO42-(aq)
Result
After : + 4H2O(l)
- HNO3 + H2SO4: colorless - Fe2+(aq) + NO↑(g) 
solution
[Fe(NO)]2+(aq)
- Adding FeSO4 0,2M:
formed yellow ring
4 Before : -FeS(s) + 2HCl(aq)  Formed precipitation
- NH4OH : colorless FeCl2(aq) + H2S↑(g) which is (NH4)2S that
solution has yellow color and
- FeS: black granule -2NH4OH(aq) + H2S(g)  when the filtrate is added
- HCl: colorless solution (NH4)2S(aq) + 2H2O(l) by HCl formed hablur
- Sulphur flower: soft solution.
yellow powder -(NH4)2S(aq) + S(s) 
After : (NH4)4S2↓(s)
- NH4OH + H2S gas:
colorless
- Added ammonium 0,1M: -(NH4)2S2(s) + HCl(aq) 

white hablur solution 2NH4Cl(aq) + H2S(aq) +

- Added sulphur flower: S↓(s)

yellow solution white


precipitate
- After precipitate: Filtrate
(yellow solution) and
residue (white precipitate)
- Added HCl 0,1M: yellow
solution with white hablur
5 Before : - 2NH4Cl(aq) + Reaction between NH4Cl
- NH4Cl 4M: colorless Ca(OH)2(s)  CaCl2(aq) and Ca(OH)2 produce
solution + NH3(g) + H2O(l) ammonia gas which is
- Ca(OH)2: white powder proven by red litmus
- HCl 4M: colorless solution - NH3(g) + HCl(aq)  change into blue
- Litmus paper: red color NH4Cl(aq)
After :
- NH4Cl+Ca(OH)2 : - NH3(g) + H2O(l) 
colorless solution with NH4OH(aq)
white precipitate
- After heated: white
solution and there is still
white precipitate
- Litmus test : The color
change from red to blue
- HCl test: produce little
amount of white smog
6 Before : NH4OH that heated can
heat
- NH4OH 4M: colorless -NH4OH(aq) used to produce NH3 gas
solution NH3↑(g) + H2O(l) that proven by produce
- PP indicator: colorless smog while testing with
solution -NH3↑(g) + HCl(aq)  HCl and the PP indicator
- Aquadest: colorless NH4Cl (aq) become pink because
solution NH3 is base
- HCl 4M: colorless solution -NH4OH(aq) heat

After : NH3(g) + H2O(l)


- NH4OH + heated: produce
gas NH3
- gas tested with HCl:
produce little smog
- gas tested with PP and
water: solution become Range PP indicator based
pinkish purple. on theory is 8,3-10