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TOSLINK - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/TOSLINK

TOSLINK
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

TOSLINK (from "Toshiba Link"[2]) is a TOSLINK / EIAJ optical


standardized optical fiber connection
[3]
system. The optical and the coaxial RCA
cable uses the same S/PDIF signal for digital
audio for consumer electronics, which is based
on the broadcast audio standard AES3 and was
adapted as the "Sony Philips Digital
Interconnect Format" (S/PDIF) which varies
from AES3 only in voltage level. Also known
generically as an "optical audio cable" or just
"optical cable", its most common use is in
consumer audio equipment (via a "digital
optical" socket), where it carries a digital Clear TOSLINK cable with a round
audio stream from components such as CD and connector.
DVD players, DAT recorders, computers, and
Type Optical digital audio
modern video game consoles, to an AV receiver
that can decode two channels of uncompressed connector
lossless PCM audio or compressed 5.1/7.1 Production history
surround sound such as Dolby Digital Plus or
Designer Toshiba
DTS-HD High Resolution Audio. Unlike HDMI,
TOSLINK does not have the capacity to carry Designed 1983
the lossless versions of Dolby TrueHD and
Manufacturer Toshiba
DTS-HD Master Audio.
Produced 1983 to present
Although TOSLINK supports several different
General specifications
media formats and physical standards, digital
audio connections using the rectangular Hot Yes
EIAJ/JEITA RC-5720 (also CP-1201 and JIS pluggable
C5974-1993 F05) connector are by far the
[4] External Yes
most common. The optical signal is a red
[2] Audio signal Digital audio bitstream.
light, with a peak wavelength λ of 650 nm.
Depending on the type of modulated signal Originally limited to 48
being carried, other optical wavelengths may kHz at 20 bits. Extended
[4] to support all modern
be present.
formats (Depending on
manufacture and
specification)
Cable Optical fiber, ~10 m
(33 ft) maximum[1]
Pins 1
Connector JIS F05 (JIS C5974-1993
F05)

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TOSLINK - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TOSLINK

Data
Contents Width 32-bit audio packets
Bitrate Originally 3.1 Mbit/s;
1 History
Now 125 Mbit/s
2 Properties and issues
3 Design Max. devices 1
3.1 Mini-TOSLINK Protocol Serial
4 References
5 External links

History
Toshiba originally created TOSLINK to connect their CD
players to the receivers they manufactured, for PCM
audio streams. It was soon adopted by manufacturers of
most CD players. Early TOSLINK systems used the raw
PCM data from the CD player; the S/PDIF standard has
now become nearly universal for audio streams. It can
often be found on DVD players and some game consoles
to connect the digital audio stream to Dolby Digital/DTS
decoders.

The name is a registered trademark of Toshiba, created


from TOShiba-LINK. Variations of the name, such as
TOSlink, TosLink, and Tos-link, are also seen, while the
TOSLINK connector (JIS F05)
official generic name for the standard is EIAJ optical.

Other terms are sometimes used for technology similar to TOSLINK, such as ADAT
Lightpipe or simply ADAT Optical. These are most often seen in the professional
music/audio industry. While the ADAT Lightpipe format uses the same JIS F05
connectors as TOSLINK, the ADAT Lightpipe data format is not compatible with S/PDIF.

Properties and issues


Due to the use of clock recovery, TOSLINK cables are widely rumored to introduce jitter
(reproduction inaccuracies due to timing errors), erroneously described as "smearing"
or a poorly articulated sound. However, the actual effect of jitter on audio reproduction
is an increase in noise or intermodulation, and most humans' hearing is not likely to
notice any effect. Multi-strand glass fiber TOSLINK cables might cause less jitter than
larger diameter, single strand cables (see Jitter). One cause of jitter is bandwidth-
[5]
limiting of the digital signal.

Due to their high attenuation of light, the effective range of optical cables is limited to
[1]
5 - 10 m. They can temporarily fail or be permanently damaged if tightly bent.

Optical cables are not susceptible to electrical problems such as ground loops and RF

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TOSLINK - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TOSLINK

interference.[6] And Bandwidth can be 10 MHz with high-purity quartz fiber, but 5 to
[5]
6 MHz for plastic cable.

Design
Several types of fiber can be used for TOSLINK:
inexpensive 1 mm plastic optical fiber, higher-quality
multistrand plastic optical fibers, or quartz glass optical
fibers, depending on the desired bandwidth and
application. TOSLINK cables are usually limited to
[1]
5 meters in length, with a technical maximum of
10 meters, for reliable transmission without the use of a
signal booster or a repeater. However, it is very common
A TOSLINK fiber optic audio for interfaces on newer consumer electronics (satellite
cable being illuminated on receivers and PCs with optical outputs) to easily run
one end over 30 meters on even low-cost (0.75 USD/m) TOSLINK
cables. TOSLINK transmitters operate at a nominal
optical wavelength of 650 nm (~461.2 THz).

Mini-TOSLINK

Mini-TOSLINK is a standardized optical fiber connector


smaller than the standard square TOSLINK connector
commonly used in larger consumer audio equipment.
The plug is almost the same size and shape as the
ubiquitous 3.5 mm stereo minijack. Adapters are
available to connect a full-size TOSLINK plug to a
mini-TOSLINK socket. There are combined 3.5 mm jack
and mini-TOSLINK sockets which can accept a 3.5 mm
jack or a mini-TOSLINK plug; mini-TOSLINK plugs are
made 0.5 mm longer than electrical jack plugs so that A mini-TOSLINK adapter
the latter are too short to touch and damage the LED of
combined connectors. Many notebook computers use these connectors, e.g., for 3.5 mm
electrical headphone output combined with TOSLINK digital output (not both at the
same time), and for electrical microphone and TOSLINK line-in. Mini-TOSLINK jacks
are commonly used on laptop computers and portable digital audio equipment.

References
1. ^ a b c epanorama.net. "S/PDIF Interface Document" (http://www.epanorama.net/documents
/audio/spdif.html). Retrieved 2009-02-16.
2. ^ a b Toshiba TOTX1701 (http://www.semicon.toshiba.co.jp/openb2b/websearch
/productDetails.jsp?partKey=TOTX1701%28F%29) TOSLINK Transmitter Module
specifications.
3. ^ "What Is TOSLINK?" (http://www.semicon.toshiba.co.jp/eng/product/opto/faq/toslink
/answer_toslink01.html) Toshiba Toslink FAQs.
4. ^ a b "Product guide, Fiber-Optic Devices TOSLINK(tm)" (http://www.digikey.com
/Web%20Export/Supplier%20Content/Toshiba_264/PDF/Toshiba_BCE0037_catalog.pdf).

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TOSLINK - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TOSLINK

100621 digikey.com
5. ^ a b Joe Cornwall: TOSLINK Interconnect History & Basics (http://www.audioholics.com
/education/cables/toslink-interconnect-history-basics)
6. ^ Joseph D. Cornwall (December 31, 2004). "Understanding Digital Interconnects"
(http://www.audioholics.com/education/cables/understanding-digital-interconnects).
Audioholics.com. Retrieved 2007-07-12.

External links
TOSLINK Interconnect History & Basics (http://www.audioholics.com/techtips
/audioprinciples/interconnects/toslink.php)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=TOSLINK&


oldid=565744816"
Categories: 1983 introductions Consumer electronics Digital audio
Fiber-optic connectors Toshiba brands

This page was last modified on 25 July 2013 at 12:26.


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