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FACTUAL REPORT (ANIMAL)

Untuk Observasi

Elephant

General An elephant is the largest and strongest of all animals. It is a strange


classification looking animal with thick legs, huge sides and backs, large hanging ears, a
small tail, little eyes, long white tusks and the trunk.
Description The trunk is the elephant’s peculiar feature, and it has various uses. The
elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt it all over its body like a
shower bath. The elephant’s trunk also lift leaves and put them into it’ mouth.
It can also lift leaves and put them into its mouth. In fact, the trunk serves the
elephants as long as arm and hand. An elephant looks very clumsy and heavy,
but it can move very quickly.
The elephants is very intelligent animal. Its intelligence combined with
its great strength makes it a very useful servant to man and it can be trained to
serve in various ways such as carrying heavy loads, hunting for tigers. An
elephant is really a smart animal.

Dolphins

General Dolphins are mammals, not fish. Mammals, unlike fish, feed their young
classification with milk that is produced in the mother’s body. Also unlike fish, dolphins
have lungs and are warm-blooded that is, their body temperature always stays
about the same, regardless of the temperature of their surroundings. Many
scientist believe that dolphins rank among the most intelligent animals, along
with chimpanzees and dogs.
Description Dolphins, whales and porpoises are members of mammals called
cetaceans. Dolphins and porpoises are very similar in appearance. Their chief
differences occur in the snout and teeth. Dolphins have a beaklike snout and
cone-shaped teeth. Porpoises have a rounded snout and flat or spade-shaped
teeth. Whales are much larger than most dolphins and porpoise.
Scientists apply the term dolphin to two families of cetaceans, marine
dolphins and river dolphins. There are 32 species of marine dolphins. They
are found in nearly all oceans, and most of them live only in salt water. Many
species of marine dolphins remain near land for most of their lives, but some
live in the open sea. River dolphins live in fresh or slightly salty water.
Untuk Exercise

Komodo

General Komodo dragon is the world’s heaviest lizard, weighing 150 pounds or
classification more. The largest Komodo ever measured was more than 10 feet (3 meters)
long and weighed 366 pounds (166 kg) but the average size of komodo in the
wild is about 8 feet (2.5 meters) long and 200 pounds (91 kg)
Description Komodo has gray scaly skin, a pointed snout, powerful limbs and a
muscular tail. They use their keen sense of smell to locate decaying animal
remains from several miles away. They also hunt other lizards as well as
large mammals and are sometimes cannibalistic.
The Komodo dragon’s teeth are almost completely covered by its gums.
When it feeds, the gums bleed, creating an ideal culture for virulent bacteria.
The bacteria that live in the Komodo dragon’s saliva causes septicemia, or
blood poisoning, in its victims. A dragon will bite its prey, then follow it until
the animal is too weak to carry on.
This lizard species is threatened by hunting, loss of prey species and
habitat loss.

Kangaroo

General A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although it has a


classification smaller relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of
Tasmania and also in New Guine.
Description Kangaroos eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very
long, and very strong back legs and a tail. These are used for sitting up and
for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over
eight metres, and leap across fences more than three metres high. They can
also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per hour.
The largest kangaroos are the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Red
Kangaroo. Adult grow to a length of 1.60 metres and weigh over 90 kilos.
Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an
external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it
is born, and it crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five
months of life.

Platypus

General Many people call platypus duckbill because this animal has a bill like
classification duckbill. Platypus is a native Tasmania and southern and eastern Australia .
Description Platypus has a flat tail and webbed feet. Its body length is 30 to 45cm
and covered with a thick, and woolly layer of fur. Its bill is detecting prey and
stirring up mud. Platypus' eyes and head are small. It has no ears but has
ability to sense sound and light.
Platypus lives in streams, rivers, and lakes. Female platypus usually dig
burrows in the streams or river banks. The burrows are blocked with soil to
protect it from intruders and flooding. In the other hand, male platypus does
not need any burrow to stay.
Report Text

1. Communicative Purpose
To describe the way things are, with reference to arrange of natural, man-made or
social phenomena.
(mendeskripsikan sesuatu apa adanya, yang meliputi gejala alam, benda buatan
manusia, atau gejala-gejala soaial)
2. Teks Organization (susunan teks)
 General Classification (pernyataan yang menerangkan klasifikasi secara umum)
 Description (Ciri-ciri subyek, misalnya tampilan fisik, kualitas, perilaku umum,
sifat-sifat)
3. Unsur kebahasaan (Grammatical features of Report Text)
 Menggunakan general nouns, adalah suatu benda (benda hidup atau benda mati)
yang bersifat umum ex: The tiger. (Not My tiger).
 Menggunakan relating verbs, disebut juga dengan linking verbs, adalah kata yang
menghubungkan dua benda yang sebagai subjek dan objek. Contohnya adalah
am, is, are. Ex: Cat is a mamal.
 Kadang menggunakan action verbs, adalah kata kerja yang berbentuk
aktivitas. Ex: do, eat, run, make, etc.
 Menggunakan present tense, adalah tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan
suatu fakta atau sesuatu yang umum. Kata yang biasa digunakan yaitu often,
usually, always. Ex: Cat usually eats meat.