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(A) Bases on definition (Hyperbola/conjugate Hyperbola)

(x  1)2 (y  2) 2
1. The co-ordinates of the foci of the hyperbola  = 1 are ___.
9 16
[ Ans. : ( 4 , 2) & (6 , 2) ]

x2 y2 x2 y2
2. If hyperbola – = 1 passes through the focii of an ellipse + = 1 then find the eccentricity of
a2 b2 b2 a2
1
hyperbola and ellipse. Ans. 3, 2

3. Find the equation of the standard hyperbola passing through the point (  3 , 3) & having the
asymptotes as the straight lines x 5 ±y=0.
[ Ans. : 5 x 2
y =6]
2

4. The equation, 4 (x  2)2 + 4 (y  3)2 = (x  y + 1)2 represents:


(A*) a pair of straight lines passing through (2, 3)
(B) an ellipse with eccentricity 1/2 and directrix x  y + 1 = 0 & focus (2, 3)
(C) a parabola
(D) a hyperbola

5. The foci of an ellipse are at (9, 20) and (49, 55) at it touches the x-axis. What is the length of its major
axis.
Ans. 85

6. If an ellipse whose focii are (4, 4) and (8, 1) touches y-axis then find the length of major axis, minor axis
and eccentricity.
5
Ans. 153 , 8 2 , .
153

x2 y2 x2 y2
7. If hyperbola – = 1 passes through the focus of ellipse + =1 then eccentricity of hyperbola
b2 a2 a2 b2
is
2
(A) 2 (B) (C*) 3 (D) None of these
3

8. If the eccentricity of the hyperbola x 2  y2 sec 2  = 5 is 3 times the eccentricity of the ellipse x 2 sec 2
 + y2 = 25, then a value of  is :
(A) /6 (B*) /4 (C) /3 (D) /2

9. Identify the incorrect statement(s).

3  3x  4y  1
2

(A) the equation, (x  3) + (y + 2) = 


2 2
 does not represent a hyperbola
2  5 
(B*) the director circle of the ellipse, 9x 2 + 16y2 = 144 has the radius 25
(C*) difference of the focal distances of the point P(3, 25/4) on the hyperbola,

x2 y2
 + 1 = 0 is 8
16 25
x2 y2
(D) no pair of perpendicular tangents can be drawn to hyperbola  =1
4 16
10. If the eccentricity of the hyperbola x 2  y2 sec 2  = 5 is 3 times the eccentricity of the ellipse x 2 sec 2
 + y2 = 25, then a value of  is:
(A) /6 (B*) /4 (C) /3 (D) /2

11. The graph xy = 1 is reflected in y = 2x to give the graph 12x 2 + rxy + sy2 + t = 0. Find rs ?
Ans. 84 [6, 0]

12. Identify the incorrect statement(s) .

3  3x  4y  1
2

the equation, (x  3) + (y + 2) =
2   does not represent a hyperbola
2 2
(A)
5 
(B*) the director circle of the ellipse, 9x 2 + 16y2 = 144 has the radius 25
(C*) difference of the focal distances of the point P(3 , 25/4) on the hyperbola,

x2 y2
 + 1 = 0 is 8
16 25
x2 y2
(D) no pair of perpendicular tangents can be drawn to hyperbola  =1
4 16

x2 y2 x2 y2
13. If hyperbola – = 1 passes through the focii of an ellipse + = 1 then find the eccentricity
a2 b2 b2 a2
of hyperbola and ellipse.
1
Ans. 3 ,
2

(x  1)2 (y  2) 2
14. The co-ordinates of the foci of the hyperbola  = 1 are _______ & _______. [
9 16
Ans.: ( 4, 2) & (6, 2) ]

(B) Auxillary & Director circle & Parametric Form

x2 y2
15. If the tangent at (h , k) on the hyperbola  = 1 cuts the auxiliary circle in points whose
a2 b2


1 1 2
ordinates are y1 & y2 , show that = .
y1 y 2 k

16. For all real values of m, the straight line y = mx + 9 m2  4 is a tangent to the curve:
(A) 9x 2 + 4y2 = 36 (B) 4x 2 + 9y2 = 36 (C) 9x 2  4y2 = 36 (D*) 4x 2  9y2 = 36

17. If a chord joining the points P (a sec , a tan ) & Q (a sec  , a tan ) on the hyperbola x 2  y2 = a2
is a normal to it at P, then show that tan  = tan  (4 sec 2   1)

(C) Point & Line w.r.t a hyperbola

(D) Tangent & Normal of Hyperbola

18. A nor m al to the parabola y 2 = 4ax with s lope m touc hes the r ec tangular hyperbola
x 2  y2 = a2 if
(A) m 6 + 4m 4  3m 2 + 1 = 0 (B) m 6  4m 4  3m 2  1 = 0
(C*) m 6 + 4m 4  3m 2 + 1 = 0 (D) m 6  4m 4  3m 2 + 1 = 0
19. Family of curves whose tangent form an angle of /4 with the curve xy = c 2 is:
(A*) y2  2xy  x 2 = k (B*) y2 + 2xy  x 2 = k

 x c x
(C*) y = x - 2 c tan1   + k x+k
 c c x
(D*) y = c ln

where k is an arbitrary constant.


[ Hint: Let m 1 = dy/dx be the slope of tangent at (x, y) to the required curve.

c2 y
m 2 = slope of the tangent at x y = c 2. = 2 or 
x x

m  c2 m x
2 y
± 1 =±1
Hence
x = or
1  c2 m 1 x m
2 y
x

20. The point of intersection of two tangents to the hyperbola x 2/a2  y2/b2 = 1, the product of whose slopes
is c 2, lies on the curve
(A) y2  b2 = c 2 (x 2 + a2) (B) y2  a2 = c 2 (x 2  b2)
(C*) y2  b2 = c 2 (x 2  a 2) (D) y2  a2 = c2 (x2 + b2)

21. Prove that the tangents at the extremities of latusrecturn of an ellipse intersect on the corresponding
directrix.

22. The equation of a tangent to the hyperbola 16x 2  25y2  96x + 100 y  356 = 0 which makes an angle
/4 with the transverse axis is
(A*) y = x + 2 (B*) y = x  4 (C) x = y + 3 (D) x = y + 2

(E) Chord of Hyperbola

23. The locus of the mid-points of the chords of the hyperbola x 2/36  y2/25 = 1 passing through a fixed
point (2 , 4) is a hyperbola with centre at (1 , 2) . [ True/False ]
[ Ans. : True ]

24. Find the equation of that diameter which bisects the chord 7x + y  20 = 0 of the hyperbola
x2 y2
 =1. [ Ans. : 3 y + x = 0 ]
3 7

x2 y2
25. Find the equation of the chord of ellipse + = 1 which passes through (2, 1) and is bisected at
36 9
that point.
Ans. x + 2y = 4

26. Determine the coordinates of the two points Q & R , where the tangent to the hyperbola x 2/45 
y2/20 = 1 at the point (9, 4) intersects the two asymptotes . Finally prove that P is the middle
point of QR .
[ Ans. : (15 , 10) & (3 ,  2) ]

(F) Diameter & asymtotes of hyperbola

27. Show that the equations, x = a tan ( + ) and y = b tan ( +  ) where  is a parameter represents
a hyperbola . Find also the asymptotes of the hyperbola .
[ Ans. : x = a cot ( ) ; y = b cot ( ) ]
 bx) cot ( ) + ab = 0 ,  =  cosec2  )  0 ]
ab
Hint ; hyperbola xy + (ay
4

28. Show that (4x + 3y + 1) dx + (3x + 2y + 1) dy = 0 represents a hyperbola having an asymptotes, x +


y = 0 & 2x + y + 1 = 0.

29. Find the equation of the hyperbola having asymptotes 3x  4y  1 = 0 & 4x  3y  6= 0 and passing
through (0, 0). Find the equations of its transverse axis and conjugate axis.
[ Ans. : (3x  4 y  1) (4 x  3 y  6)  6 = 0 ; x + y  5 = 0 ; x  y  1 = 0 ]

(G) Rectangular Hyperbola

30. In a rectangular hyperbola, prove that the distance of any point from the centre varies inversely as the
perpendicular from the centre upon its point.

(H) Locus

31. A series of standard hyperbolae is drawn having a common transverse axis of length 2a. Prove that the
locus of a point P on each hyperbola, such that its distance from the transverse axis is equal to its
distance from an asymptote, is the curve ,
(x 2  y2)2 = 4x 2 (x 2  a2).

32. The locus of the mid-points of the chords of the hyperbola x 2/36  y2/25 = 1 passing through a fixed
point (2 , 4) is a hyperbola with centre at (1 , 2). [ True/False ] [ Ans. : True ]

 (y2/b2) = 1 meets the asymptotes 


x y
33. The tangent at P on the hyperbola (x 2/a2) = 0 at Q . If the
a b
locus of the mid point of PQ has the equation (x 2/a2)  (y2/b2) = k, then k has the value equal to :
(A) 1/2 (B) 2 (C*) 3/4 (D) 4/3

34. The point of intersection of two tangents to the hyperbola x 2/a2  y2/b2 = 1, the product of whose slopes
is c 2, lies on the curve
(A) y2  b2 = c 2 (x 2 + a2) (B) y2  a2 = c 2 (x 2  b2)
(C*) y  b = c (x  a )
2 2 2 2 2
(D) y2  a2 = c 2 (x 2 + b2)

x2 y2
35. Find the locus of foot of the pependicular drawn from (3, 4) to the tangent of an ellipse   1.
9 4

36. Locus of the point of intersection of the tangents at the points with eccentric angles  and

 x2 y2
 on the hyperbola 2  2 = 1 is:
2 a b
(A) x = a (B*) y = b (C) x = ab (D) y = ab

37. The equation to the locus of the feet of the perpendicular from the focus of the hyperbola
4x 2  9y2 = 36 upon any of its tangent has the equation _______.
[ Ans.: x2 + y2 = 9 ]

38. Prove that the locus of the intersection of tangents to a hyperbola, which meet at a constant angle  is
the curve, (x 2 + y2 + b2  a2)2 = 4 cot2  (a2 y2  b2 x 2 + a2 b2).
(I) Misc.

39. If the polars of the points (x 1 , y1) , (x 2 , y2) with respect to the hyperbola x 2  y2 = a2 are at right angles
then x 1 x 2 + y1y2 = ______ . [ Ans : 0 ]

40. Given the base of a triangle and the ratio of the tangents of half the base angles, prove that the vertex
moves on a hyperbola whose foci are the extremities of the base.

41. Prove that a circle can be drawn through the foci of a hyperbola and the point in which any tangents
meets the tangents at the vertices.

42. An ellipse and a hyperbola have the same principal axes. Show that the polar of any point on either
curve with respect to the other touches the first curve.

43. In both an ellipse and a hyperbola, prove that the focal distance of any point and the perpendicular from
the centre upon the tangents at it meet on a circle whose centre is the focus and whose radius is the
semi-transverse axis.

(J) Comprehension

Comprehension # (For Q. No. 1-5)

Cartesion graph of any equation Ax2 + Bxy + Cy2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 in which A, B and C are not all zero, is
nearly always a conic section. The exceptions are cases when there is no graph at all or the graph contains
two paralle lines.
To elminate xy terms in the equation of conic, we rotate the coordinate axis. The equations for rotation in new
coordinate axes (X-axis and Y-axis) are
x = X cos – Y sin 
y = X sin + Y cos 

where  is the angle by which the old coordinate axes are rotated in anti-clockwise sense to obtain new axes
(X-axis and Y-axis)

Applying above rotation to the equation of conic we get


AX2 + BXY + CY2 + DX + EY + F = 0

New and old coefficiens are retated as


A = A cos2 + B cos  sin  + C sin2
B = Bcos2 + (C – A) sin2
C = A sin2 – B sin  cos  + C cos2
D = D cos + E sin 
E = – D sin  + E cos 
F = F
Thus to eliminate the coefficient of xy, we rotate the coordinate axes by angle  , such that
B cos 2 + (C – A) sin 2 = 0

 A C
 2 = cot–1  
 B 
It is then easy to check the nature of original conic by applying following test to the new equation
AX2 + CY2 + DX + EY + F = 0
(i) if AC = 0 and A, C are not both zero, then graph is parabola
(ii) AC > 0 and A C, then graph is Ellipse
(iii) AC < 0 then graph is Hyperbola

44. If x and y axis are rotated by an angle in counterclockwise direction about origin, then the equation of
4
hyperbola 2xy = 9 transfers to

(A) X2 – Y2 = 1 (B*) X2 – Y2 = 9 (C) X2 – Y2 = 4 (D) X2 – Y2 =


9
2
45. If axes be turned through, an angle  such that the transformed equation of xy – y2 – 5y + 1 = 0 does not
contain any term of XY, then sin is

1 1 42 2 2 1
(A) (B) (C*) (D)
2 2 2 2 2 2

46. If axes be rotated by a positive obtuse angle '' such that the transformed equation of the curve
3x2 – 6xy + 3y2 + 2x – 7 = 0 does not contain any term of XY, then coefficient of X2 in the transformed equation
is
(A) –3 (B*) 6 (C) 3 (D) 0

47. The equation of conic in question 8 represents


(A*) Parabola (B) Ellipse (C) Hyperbola (D) Circle

48. If coordinate axes are rotated through an angle '' in anticlockwise sense such that the transformed equation
of the curve x2 – 2xy + 3y2 + 4x – 4y + 1 = 0 does not contain linear term in Y, then  is

  2 3
(A) (B) (C) (D*)
4 3 3 4