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UT 3

March 2010
The ONLINE magazine of the
Society for Underwater Technology

Biological AUVs
Offshore Engineering
Oceanology

UT3 1Q 2010

 UT3 1Q 2010
Introduction
Introduction
Welcome to the inaugural edition How is it different? some sort of assistance, the
of UT3 , the online magazine Many magazines have an online banners are colour coded.
of the Society for Underwater version. UT3 is different in that it Find your area of interest in the
Technology. I am going to do a will be specifically written to be contents page and follow the
couple of these to see how they read on a screen. This allows spectrum until you get to the
are accepted. I have got very much larger photographs. I don’t relevant part.
good pre-launch feedback so far, think that the format readily
but be your own judge. lends itself to in-depth technical Advantages
articles, which will remain the The online will have
What is UT3? domain of UT2 considerably more readers
In order to grow the SUT’s print than the printed version, and a
magazine, UT2, I decided to Why the white gaps? greater international readership.
increase traffic to the website by The reader will see white gaps It will carry adverts but anyone
including a subsea news stream. and spaces. This is because it that advertises in UT2 will get an
While this was largely successful, is a work in progress. We invite advert in UT3 for free.
it soon became clear that items readers to submit application
soon disappeared off the front stories and information. On a So, enjoy the publication and
page and into the archives, yet given deadline, we will close the please leave any feedback at
were still valid as news stories. issue, sub edit it and publish it. ut3subsea@gmail.com so we
And start the next one. can try to improve it.
I decided, therefore, to
investigate the possibility of Contents Please feel free to submit
writing an online magazine that Until the issue is finalised, it is articles and stories, but good
would be updated periodically difficult to say exactly which page photos and illustrations will
and the product stories would a story will fall. Pages are added make them particularly
have a longer shelf life. all the time. To give the reader stand out.

UT3 1Q 2010

Content s
Introduction3,
Biomimetics8
Subsea UK 16
Oceanology 18
Subsea Conferences 28
Field Development 30
Trees 44
Pipelines 46
Exploration 59
Subsea Operations 62 March 2010
Subsea Survey 64
Underwater Vehicles 68
Diving 78
Autosub 80
UT
Society for Underwater
3
Technology
Renewables 83 80 Coleman St,
London EC25 5BJ
Subsea News 84
Company News 90 +44 (1) 480 370007
Cables 92 Editor: John Howes
John@ut-2.com
Salvage 95
Sub Editor: Mariam Pourshoushtari
Abandonment 96 Mariam@sut.org

Offshore Vessels 100 US Representation:


Stephen Loughlin
Estuary Support 102 Ad-Expo Marketing International
Phone + (281) 373-1811
Oceanology 104 adexpomarketing@yahoo.com

Classification 110 Production: Sue Denham

Industry Group 114 ISSN: 1752-0592

Forecast 115
Published by UT2 Publishing Ltd for and on behalf of the Society for Underwater
Technology. Reproduction of UT2 in whole or in part, without permission, is prohib-
People 116 ited. The publisher and the SUT assumes no responsibility for unsolicited material,
nor responsibility for content of any advertisement, particularly infringement of
Places 120 copyrights, trademarks, intellectual property rights and patents, nor liability for
misrepresentations, false or misleading statements and illustrations. These are the
SUT 124 sole responsibility of the advertiser. Opinions of the writers are not necessarily those
of the SUT or the publishers.

 UT3 1Q 2010
UT2 has launched an
online version called UT3 Navigation
Thumbnail Full page Email the Publication Print the Page view
What is UT3? pictures of all mode page word search page
The e-magazine project started the pages Next page
following a drive to increase traffic
to the website www.ut-2.com, by
Turn pages
including a subsea news stream.
forward or
It soon became clear that many
backwards
stories were not time-sensitive and
disappeared into the archive too Previous
quickly. One option is to display these page
stories online in a magazine format.
While this greatly increases the shelf
life of stories, it also has a number of
Click on
other advantages.
page to
zoom in.
Length
Click again
UT2 is limited to 48 pages. UT3 has
to zoom out
no such restrictions. Pages can be
continually added until the publication Thumbnails.
date, allowing more subjects to be Click to go to
covered. page

Large Pictures Go to next


These are visually appealing and can block of 20
often illustrate ideas better than words, pages
however, conventional print magazines
cannot use this format because of
space limitations.

Numeric Distribution UT2 has a Viewing


distribution limited by economics to
Zoom in and Viewing mode Email page Back to
members of the SUT, targeted and
out navigation
paid subscribers. UT3 goes out to
mode
these and thousands more subsea
professionals

Geographic Distribution
Magazines are also limited by
economics as to where they are
distributed. UT3 is only limited to
people around the world that have
access to a computer

Search
The electronic medium makes it easier
to search for a specific story within the
magazine.

Advertising
While having a greater distribution,
advertising rates in UT3 are cheaper
than the already competitive rates
of UT2. For the time being, anyone
that advertises in UT2 will get an Move the cursor to read the page
advertisement in UT3 for free!
Drag the page to read. Many feel this is more intuitive
To subscribe, send a message to
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www.ut-2.com UT3 1Q 2010



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 UT3 1Q 2010
New SUT Chief Exec Left: The new chief executive Dr Bob Allwood. Right: the outgoing chief executive, Ian Gallett

On the midnight of 31st December have a broad international presence with each other better, as issues are
2009, the mantle of chief executive of which started with the establishment of rarely unique.
the SUT passed from Ian Gallett to bases in heartlands such as Aberdeen,
Dr Bob Allwood. Houston, Perth and Rio de Janiero. We “We may also add to some of these
now have branches in Melbourne and special interest groups. In recent
With his years in the SUT engine Kuala Lumpur, and have laid plans to years, the renewables sector has
room, chairing committees and expand into new strategically important become hugely important and maybe
actively working within the heart of the territories such as Bergen, Cairo, we need to focus more in this area.
organisation, Allwood was the perfect Halifax and Mumbai, where subsea
choice to grasp the baton and lead the engineering is the key to unlocking a As offshore fields reach the end
Society into the new decade. major growth potential. of their economic life, the area of
salvage and decommissioning
For his part, Ian Gallett had already “It is important that these new outposts becomes increasingly relevant and
agreed to work part time and move are not left in isolation and are made this is another sector to which we
into an international business to feel part of the Society. This is might wish to turn our attention more.
development capacity. He would also particularly true in branches where
be able to provide his successor with English is not the main language. We “In general, we ought to look at better
the benefit of experience gained from will work hard to communicate with ways of working and communicating
15 years at the helm. And thus the these groups to inform members what what we are doing, both between
seamless transition began. they are doing and vice versa.” ourselves, and to the world outside.

So what is Allwood’s vision of the In the long term, Allwood intends to turn “Coming from an academic
future? his attention to the various committees. background, I can see the real value
for the SUT in welcoming more
“The SUT has two demonstrable “At the moment,” he said, “we have universities and research bodies
strengths,” he said. “We have a broad 8 or 9 sub-groups which look into the into our community. While specific
spectrum of interests, ranging from various areas that are of interest to universities already play a very
marine science to offshore technology, our members. Some of these are very important part, I would be keen on a
theoretical research to front end successful and others less so. more international outlook.”
engineering. We can be of value to
people involved in every sector of the “We must look at what support we need Any changes are going to be
subsea industry. to give, and particularly which areas evolutionary, not revolutionary, and
we are missing out on. There will be the SUT can look forward to many
“Secondly, largely due to Ian, we now value in the sub-groups communicating years in safe hands.

UT3 1Q 2010

Biomi
Biological AUVs

Bionic Marine Animals Robotic Fish


In order to explore the world’s deep disadvantage of getting entangled Work at the Human Centred Robotics
oceans and possibly work beyond in reeds. (HCR) group at the University of Essex
the practical depths or capacities has focused on the development of
of remotely operated vehicles, the Conversely, the undulating movement various kinds of embedded systems
subsea industry has developed a of a tail enables fish, at least in part, and intelligent robots that can be
number of autonomous underwater to swim long distances with great used in environments coexisting with
vehicle (AUV) designs. speed, efficiency and manoeuvrability. humans.

One way that engineers have There are two basic locomotive One of these research projects, under
approached the challenge of AUV actions in water that most marine Prof Huosheng Hu, has been the
design has been to observe the animals possess, although some have development of an advanced, fully
mechanisms employed by fish tuned them to an advanced level. autonomous, robotic fish that can swim
and other marine animals to move The first is swimming long distances, to a depth of 4m at a top speed of
underwater. From these insights, it often with great speed or bursts of 0.5m/s and cruise at a speed of
could be possible to look at shapes acceleration. A good example of this 30cm/sec. It is about 500mm in length.
and movement mechanisms is the tuna or barracuda.
amassed from thousands of years “The aim of our project is to design and
of marine evolution and replicate The second is high manoeuvrability build autonomous robotic fish that are
these lessons in the mechanical – sometimes turning in a fraction of able to react to the environment and
design of submersibles. their length and doing this at great navigate toward the charging station,”
speed. Eels or sea snakes have said Prof Hu. “In other words, they
The term for copying biological evolved highly efficient biomechanics should have features such as fish-
movement is ‘biomimetics’. The to enable this. swimming behaviour, an autonomously
ultimate practical way of testing navigating ability but a cartoon-like
these observations is perhaps Researchers have concentrated appearance that is nonexistent in the
to physically construct robotic on two main modes of swimming. real world so they can be differentiated.”
sea animals. The rewards for The first is the sustained swimming
constructing robotic animals mode that is characterised by The London Aquarium awarded the
are potentially huge. Being able the cyclic repetition of propulsive group a £150 000 funding grant, which
to emulate the low noise, high movements. This enables the fish was followed by another £43 000 for the
efficiency and ability to swim long to cover large distances at fairly development of a new robotic carp.
distances displayed by sea animals constant speed.
is potentially useful in a variety of The fish design is based on six
marine and military applications. The other type is the more unsteady powerful, remotely controlled
transient mode, which is seen when servo motors controlled by four
They could be suitable for fish carry out the sharp turns and onboard computers. Ten sensors
applications such as carrying quick bursts of speed associated with including a depth gauge, gyroscope,
out longer and more complex hunting or escaping from a predator, accelerometer, inclinometer and four
subsea surveys, detecting the or avoiding near obstacles. infrared obstacle detection sensors
leakage in oil pipelines, mine provide information.
countermeasures and robotics A number of robotic fish designs have
education. They could be especially been developed at various universities
useful in oceanographic research and institutes. They range in
by conducting observations without sophistication from small robots able to
disturbing the real fish. carry out elementary actions, to larger
multifunctional models.
Conventional underwater
vehicles are characterised The propulsion is normally provided
by rigid structures moved by by one or a number of servo motors
propellers. Such systems are concatenated together in the tail to act
generally agreed by technologists as joints. Other motors in the head can
to be noisy, inefficient and be used to drive the fish up and down.
not particularly manoeuvrable On the back of the body, a dorsal fin
when compared with marine is fixed vertically to keep the fish from
life. Propellers also have the swaging. A robotic carp at the London Aquarium

 UT3 1Q 2010
imetics

A robotic fish

pressure, chemical
l Deploy a layered control sensors, etc.
SHOAL architecture in each robotic fish
for integration of navigation, Apart from
communication and designing the
Recently, Prof Hu has been working on pollution monitoring sensors by other mechanical
the search and monitoring of harmful partners structure, the Essex team will also
contaminants in port using a swarm of look at the behaviour of the fish
robotic fish (SHOAL). l Adopt behaviour-based approach while swimming. For an individual
to build a set of swimming patterns fish, they have looked at avoiding
Essex University, in collaboration with (steady and unsteady) and actions obstacles, keeping level, seeking a
five partners, will develop a robotic fish (individual and shoal) goal, wandering and escaping.
with embedded chemical sensors to
detect water pollution. Each robotic fish is 1.5m long, with To integrate with the other fish,
over 10 sensors such as sonar, the researchers must also look at
The fish will approach possible leaking gyro, global positioning, current, alignment, separation and cohesion.
ships and use sonar beacons to
communicate sensor readings to the Fish design for the SHOAL project
port authority, which if necessary will
impose a sanction.

A 3D pollution map will be built and


displayed on a central computer screen
for the port authority to view the data in
real time.

The role of the Essex team in the


SHOAL project is to:

l Develop an innovative mechanism


for building a team of three robotic fish

UT3 1Q 2010

Biological AUVs

Bio AUVs
Left: The Jessiko. Below left: The Jessiko in a bowl to show its

Jessiko
small size. Below: Jessiko models in an aquarium

Last year, the French company, The hammer-headed shark is area of coverage while reducing the
Robotswim, won the Grand Prix distinctive for its ‘cephalofoil’ – the cost of the operation.
de l’Innovation de la Ville de Paris part of the head that is flattened and
for industrial decorative design for laterally extended. In Jessiko, this Jessiko can also be used as a
its robotic fish Jessiko. This award becomes a fin in its own right. It research tool, providing a platform for
– constructed from an original piece allows the fish to move up or down users developing aquatic navigation
of the Eiffel tower – is the latest while inhibiting any unwanted rolling. tooling without having to design their
accolade for the piscine robot. The Furthermore, the rapid movement own vehicle.
fundamental design is based on the allows the fish to move backwards.
morphology of a hammer-headed An important application of Jessiko,
shark. A pair of embedded microprocessors, however, is to allow the public to
using artificial intelligence, is important interface with the world of marine
The main propulsion is carried out by in the swimming operation. Sensors robotics. It is intended to be used in
the sweeping of the caudal (tail) fin, allow the robot to receive messages public and private events, scientific
which enables the robot to achieve from both coded transmitters and other museums and aquaria. Each fish
velocities of a metre every 5 seconds. robots, while light detection systems carries its own illumination, and a
With a length of only 20cm, it can allow it to realise the presence of walls school of 10 or more could realistically
swim its body length every second. and other obstacles. provide a night-time light spectacle
A light emitting diode behind the with interesting choreographies.
By modifying the position of the dorsal fin can assist in recognition and
tail sweep, it can turn right or left. avoidance.
Multicoloured Jessiko models
The pair of lateral fins are used to
maintain stability, moving to change The Jessiko is aimed at a range
the centre of gravity as appropriate. of markets. When used in marine
The dorsal fin can move up monitoring, its size means that it
and down to change the water can reach poorly accessible
displacement, and, therefore, the places. Being able to communicate
buoyancy. with other models increases the

10 UT3 1Q 2010
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UT3 1Q 2010
11
Biological AUVs

Bio AUVs Hydrodynamic hull shape

Ventral fin that undulates


to make a wave in the

Gymnobot
water which propels
the robot backwards or
forwards
Researchers at the University
of Bath’s Ocean Technologies
Laboratory in the Department of
Mechanical Engineering have
developed the Gymnobot, a
biomimetic underwater robot inspired
by the Amazonian knifefish, which
swims using a ventral fin running the
length of the underside of its rigid
body.

This ventral fin consists of a set of


several hundred rays connected
by an elastomeric film (skin). The
rays are oscillated side-to-side in a
phased movement to create a wave
which undulates along the fin in a
semi-sinusoidal fashion, propelling The Gymnobot on a stand. The ventral fin is used to propel and manoeuvre the robot
water backwards or forwards like a
conveyor belt. This method gives it
much improved thrust generation
capability than a similar-sized eel.
efficiently forward or backward in the One of the research projects being
The robot’s fin is much less complex same way. conducted with the Gymnobot
than the real fish. It consists of nine is a study of the creation and
bending fin rays covered in a sheet The undulating wave action is development of vortices along the
of latex, and driven by a single motor understood to be more energy fin. Some fish create vortices when
through a pair of crankshafts. efficient than conventional propellers flicking their tails one way, but
at low speed, and is particularly then destroy them when their
The resulting undulatory wave is suitable for operating in shallow tails flick back the other way.
not as uniform as the real fish, but water near the sea shore, with its
the principle is ostensibly the same. complex, rocky environment and By destroying the vortices,
The robot is also able to propel itself plants that can tangle a propeller. they are effectively re-using

Kelp Beds
Kelp beds are essentially to use remotely operated
underwater forests. The huge plants vehicles since their tethering
slow down the flow of water and, in wires either get tangled, or
doing so, provide spatially complex so disturb the bed that the
habitats in the marine environment. ecological measurements
Probably as a result of this, the become distorted. There
biodiversity in kelp beds is is, therefore, a need for a
significantly greater than in the self-propelled, miniature
areas surrounding them. autonomous vehicle able
to carry a camera and
Biodiversity studies, other instruments to
however, are often hindered investigate kelp beds and
by the very presence of other complex underwater
the plants themselves. habitats.
Divers are understandably
wary of entering kelp beds, as Researchers at the
it is frighteningly easy to get University of Bath
hopelessly tangled in the fronds.
Concept drawing of the
In the same way, it is impractical
Ctenobot

12 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Biological AUVs
Robofish
The Black Ghost Knifefish. The Robofish. A dime (18mm dia)
Courtesy of Derek Ramsey provides a scale

the energy in those swirling areas


of water. The less energy left in
the wake after the fish has passed,
the less energy is wasted.

Researchers are looking at how


thrust is affected by changing the
wave of the fin from a constant
amplitude to one that is tapered at
one end.

What makes the


Gymnobot unique is
its focus on having
the least number
of moving parts,
and consequent
improved
simplicity and Researchers at the Nonlinear Dynamics
reliability. This is in and Control Lab of the University
contrast to previous of Washington have developed the
similar machines which second-generation of three fin-actuated
have relied on multiple untethered autonomous vehicles.
servo motors and complex
“The robofish is a simple but compact control receiver. In small spaces
The servo motor system inside autonomous vehicle,” said Associate such as the laboratory tank, or caves
the Gymnobot that ejects water Professor Kristi Morgansen. “They are and littoral zones, noise in acoustic
to move the ventral fin each powered by four servos. Two are communication becomes prohibitive.
located in the rear of the robot and power In the case of our tank, communication
the two links of the tail assembly. The has been demonstrated to be effective.
other two servos control the motion of Onboard programming can be used
the forward fins – their motion is fully to allow the RC system to emulate the
independent of one another.” acoustic system,” said Morgansen.

have looked to a small marine To be able to orient itself, the robot has a For purposes of development and
animal called a ctenophore, or depth gauge (a pressure sensor) and a testing, an instrumented tank has
comb jelly, for inspiration. This 3-D magnetic compass. The fish is tuned been built in the lab. The tank is
is similar to jellyfish, except that to be neutrally buoyant. Due to pressure an above-ground swimming pool
instead of propelling itself by jet changes and compression/decompression 8ft deep, 8ft wide and 20ft long.
propulsion, a ctenophore uses resulting in volume changes of the Underwater cameras connected to an
an oscillating set of cilia (hairs) vehicle, however, the buoyancy is not external computer provide the ability
around the outside of its bodies to constant. Engineers at the laboratory are to track the vehicles in the water in
create thrust. developing a buoyancy tuner to adjust real time.
buoyancy as the robot moves to different
Unfortunately, the ctenophore’s depths. This data is processed for 3D position
propulsion system will not scale information and transmitted via RC
up in size, so the concept for the Each vehicle contains a microprocessor broadcast to all vehicles in the tank.
robot is based on a transparent to collect sensor data, to handle The broadcast information contains
ball with four undulatory fins communication with other vehicles, and vehicle identification codes and can
attached to the outside, using to determine control commands to the also include information for simulated
a miniaturised version of the servos. vehicles to provide a group effectively
Gymnobot’s ventral fin propulsion much larger than the existing three
system. “Each robot is equipped with an remote vehicles.

UT3 1Q 2010
13
Biological AUVs

Bio AUVs
Robo-Lobsters AquaPenguins
From its campus in Massachusetts, manner to animal lobsters The clumsy, waddling gait of penguins
researchers at Northeastern when they are moving slowly on
University have developed an It can be placed in the littoral zone an icesheet on land belie the fact
ambulatory vehicle based on ocean bottom or fast-flowing rivers that they are able to move with
the lobster. and can travel across irregular great celerity, agility and endurance
bottom contours, even when underwater.
The robot has eight legs that subject to currents and pressures
allow movement in any direction. surges. Their staple diet is krill, the shrimp-
The tail and claws are used to like crustacea which penguins dive
keep the model stable in turbulent Practical uses are autonomous great depths to hunt. Adélie penguins
environments. In order to detect remote-sensing operations, dive to depths of up to 350m, while
obstacles, the robot has antennae including the ability to track down emperor penguins may reach depths
that can orientate in a similar underwater mines. of 700m.

Penguins can reach a top speed of


almost 30km/hr when hunting, and
their search for food may lead them
to travel more than a 100km a day.
While in a more energy-efficient
migratory mode, they can still
achieve speeds of around 10km/hr to
15km/hr.

When re-entering the land from the


sea after feeding they can often be
seen leaping onto icebergs. In order
to do this,
they have
to be
particularly
robust and
crashproof.

Over 40 million
years of evolution has left
penguins perfectly contoured for
underwater movement. Model testing
of the hydrodynamic body shape has
Lobster robot made for the U.S. Navy at Northeastern University’s Marine displayed a flow resistance 20 to 30%
Science Center. Photograph: Jan Witting lower than the most favourable known
technical bodies.

Not only can they move fast, but


Lampreys they seem to do this with a low
consumption of energy. Scientists
Northeastern University is also that features highly modularised looking at the metabolism of living
looking at another type of vehicle components and low cost per penguins in a specially built swimming
with an undulatory system based vehicle. Operating in concert, tunnel in Antarctica discovered
on the lamprey. This is intended for they can conduct autonomous that Adélie penguins, for example,
remote sensing operations in the investigation of both the bottom can swim more than 180km on a full
water column and features robust and water column of the littoral stomach (approximately 1kg of krill).
depth/altitude control and high zone or rivers.
manoeuvrability. This translates as: if penguins’ bodies
These systems represent a new were operated with petrol, they would
These vehicles are based on class of autonomous underwater thus be able to travel some 1500km
a common biomimetic control, vehicles that may be adapted to through the icy Antarctic waters on
actuator and sensor architecture operations in a variety of habitats. just a litre of fuel.

14 UT3 1Q 2010
This provided the inspiration for
Festo to develop the AquaPenguin.
This bionic penguin is designed as
an autonomous underwater vehicle
that independently orients itself and
navigates through the water basin.

The AquaPenguin has the same


hydrodynamic body contours of its Wing drive mechanism
natural archetype, while its head
and tail sections can be moved in
all directions from the torso. It is this A separate pressure sensor is also Wings
that enables the robotic penguins available for operation at greater
to manoeuvre in cramped spatial depths in free water. One important feature of the
conditions. This independently moving AquaPenguin is its wing.
head and torso is an entirely new Some of the movement patterns have
feature in robotics. been combined into programmed The wings have a skeleton of spring
elementary manoeuvres. The further steel elements embedded in an
The bionic Fin Ray structure, derived processing is carried out by intelligent elastic matrix of silicon that gives
from the tail fin of a fish, has thus been onboard electronics that allow the them their characteristic profile. To
extended into 3D space for the first penguins to navigate autonomously emulate the animal, the mechanical
time. and to develop versatile patterns of wing is required to move in two
interaction with the other members of ways. For steering, it needs a rotary
“The pengins’ torso design can be the group. movement, while for propulsion it
used in automation in a flexible tripod also needs a special flapping motion.
configuration, thereby opening up new
fields of application in mechanical
handling technology,” said Steve
Specifications The wing axis passes through
spherical shoulder joints connected
Sands, contract manager at Festo. Overall length 0.77 m to the torso and is also fitted with
Dry chamber 0.42 m separately rotatable bearings within
The manoeuvres are supported by an Max. torso diameter 0.19 m the sphere. The additional axis of
intelligent 3D sensor system, Wing span 0.66 m rotation is controlled by one actuator
which in this case, however, Weight in air 9.60 kg per wing, which adjusts the wings’
was borrowed from an pitch angles.
entirely different Materials
group of animals. Torso laminated fibreglass- Festo has developed a novel design
reinforced plastic using a single powerful electric
“To analyse their Head/tail 3D Fin Ray Effect structure motor, in which the rotational speed
surroundings, the of stitched plastic elements also controls the flapping frequency
AquaPenguins’ 3D sonar Wings compound of spring steel of the wings. The forces are
makes use of broadband wire, silicon, polyamide transferred to the wings by means
ultrasound signals, similar upper surface of a leverage system fitted with a
to those used by dolphins and bats. Skin polyamide, with elastane further actuator. Slightly displacing
This enables them to determine their additive the pivot can modify the effective
spatial position, constantly measure Lines high-tensile polyethylene length of the lever arms and thus
the distances to the walls fibre also the transmission ratio. This in
of the water turn regulates the amplitude of the
basin, avoid Principal drive electric, 12 V flapping wings.
collisions Gearing 43:1
and navigate Actuators Dymond DS 9900 The entire mechanism is designed in
autonomously,” Power supply 11.1 V, 15 Ah such a way that in conjunction with
he said. Operation autonomous the elastic wing twist, the kinematics
Maximum speed 5 km/h / 2.7 kn of the penguins’ underwater flight is
Duration of operation 6 – 7 hours imitated almost perfectly, the flapping
cycles are practically a self-regulating
Three automatism and manoeuvring is
AquaPenguins effected with only a minimum of effort.

UT3 1Q 2010
15
Subsea Conferences

Subsea 2010 Conference and Exhibition

National Subsea Oil and Gas Awards Winners at the 2010 Subsea Awards

Subsea UK has announced the The emerging talent award was won The subsea innovation and technology
winners of the 2010 Subsea Awards by Katy Wilson, a consultant at Atkins award went to Atkins Boreas for its
at its celebratory dinner in Aberdeen. Boreas. She has written a best practice research and testing through the
guidance document on preserving the Safebuck joint industry project. The
Dominion Gas was named subsea integrity of riser caissons. subsea global exports award went to
company of the year. It has seen its Optical Metrology Services (OMS).
annual turnover rise from NCS Survey was rewarded for its rapid
£16.3 million to £32.9 million in just growth with the new enterprise award. The Lastly, the lifetime achievement award
four years. The mooring company company recently acquired the survey went to a delighted Dr Bob Allwood,
First Subsea won a special division of SRD and has been working the new chief executive of the Society
commendation in the category. successfully with autonomous vehicles. for Underwater Technology.

Cavitating Water Jet


RGB has recently trialled the performs the work. The system may come into contact with the flow.
CaviDyne cleaning system offshore, operates at relatively low pressures of
and is currently negotiating exclusive 1600–3500psi. A zero-thrust system The CaviDyne is also often more
arrangements to provide the system balances the gun, so that operator productive than conventional
throughout the UK continental shelf. fatigue is minimised and there is less systems when removing marine
stress trauma or repetitive motion. growth. The cavitation stream pulls
The system is capable of removing material from the surface being
all types of marine growth, from The main advantage of the CaviDyne cleaned and is unaffected by the
seaweed to hard, well-attached over conventional high pressure thickness of the growth. The debris
barnacles. With this tool, however, blasting or grit cleaning is its inherent cloud is greatly reduced, affording
surfaces with existing coatings, such safety. Not only can the system be improved visibility.
as paint or anti-fouling coatings, are adjusted for the removal of coatings,
not disturbed when cleaned, and but the water stream will not inflict any Traditional mechanical cleaning
heavy metals or other contaminants damage to a diver or equipment which or pressure blasting often leaves
are not released into the water. a textured surface in which micro-
organisms can flourish and demand
The principle of operation is more frequent cleaning.
hydrodynamic cavitation. Water
is fed into the cavitation chamber The tool can be used with
and ejected throughout the nozzle. sea or fresh water on a variety of
When the bubbles collapse, they The CaviDyne cleaning materials such as steel, concrete,
create a pressure wave that system wood, plastics, fibreglass and rubber.

16 UT3 1Q 2010
CSL
CSL has been awarded a turnkey
decommissioning project in the
North Sea. This will be carried out
on the Tristan North West field
in block 49/29b of the southern Now Recruiting
North Sea, on behalf of Silverstone
This exciting, industrially relevant programme, developed in
Energy/MCX Exploration. It will conjunction with some of the subsea sectorʼs leading firms, comprises
involve the subsea intervention and multi-disciplinary teaching, site visits, industrially based projects and
abandonment of two wells, one live visiting industrial lecturers. The programme can be studied full time
and one suspended, as well as the over 1 year or part-time, normally over 2-3 years.
decommissioning of the associated This innovative new course is aimed at:
subsea infrastructure.
• Engineering graduates wanting to specialise in a challenging
area of engineering
The work will involve environmental
and engineering assessments
• Those working in the subsea industry who want to increase their
skills and knowledge
of the decommissioning options, • Those working in another engineering sector who want to work
in Subsea
submission and agreement of the
programme with the Department • Those working in the engineering sector who want to combine
technical expertise with management knowledge
of Energy and Climate Change
(DECC), completion of all permits For those who want to study selected areas of subsea engineering/
and consents, and execution of the management for Continuing Professional Development, we will also
be offering individual modules from the Masters Degree including:
offshore scope of work.
Fundamentals of Subsea Engineering, Materials & Corrosion Aspects
of Subsea Engineering, Deepwater Pipeline Design, Subsea Project
As the contract holder, CSL Management Application, Subsea Surveying, Positioning & Installation
will manage the programme, and Reliability & Integrity Management of Subsea Systems.
collaborating on an exclusive basis For further information
with Helix Well Ops for the provision visit: www.ncl.ac.uk/marine/postgrad/taught/subsea
of well intervention, abandonment Queries: subsea@ncl.ac.uk
engineering and diving services,
and with BMT Cordah for Images courtesy of IHC Engineering Business Ltd and CTC Marine Projects

environmental management service,


including permits, consents and
assessments.

Vessel Contract
Aberdeen-based specialist subsea
service company DOF Subsea
has been awarded a contract
worth around £4.7 million by
Technip, for the provision of a light
construction vessel.

The vessel provided will be the


Skandi Bergen for BP-operated
Block 31, offshore Angola. It
is anticipated that the project
will commence in the third
quarter of 2010 and will last for
approximately 100 days.

Garry Millard, managing director


of DOF Subsea UK, said: “This is
a significant win for the company.
The award of this contract
demonstrates our commitment to
developing the company in West
Africa.” The Skandi Bergen

UT3 1Q 2010
17
Subsea Conferences

New-build Survey Vessel


Later this year, Fugro will formally take
delivery of two new-build geophysical
survey vessels. The first, currently
undergoing sea trials, is the Fugro
Searcher. This will be followed by the
Fugro Galaxy.

These new-builds are the


first purpose-built commercial
geophysical survey vessels since the
Lady Harrison (renamed Antares)
was built back in 1984. This venture
gave Fugro the opportunity of looking
at all aspects of overall survey vessel
design in detail and specifying the
latest equipment to make these sister-
ships, the most advanced vessels of
their type in the world.

The pair will operate in the offshore


oil and gas industry and the offshore
renewable energy sector. They will
be able to carry out the full range of
site and route survey tasks in order The Fugro Searcher undergoing sea trials
to obtain the high resolution data that
is necessary for safe, efficient and cost-effective subsea autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) spreads.
operations associated with the installation of pipelines, At the back of each vessel stands an articulating A-frame
platforms, wind turbines, subsea structures, etc. for equipment deployment. The Fugro Searcher’s frame is
rated to 7.5t while the Fugro Galaxy’s will be rated to 20t.
Additionally, the vessels have 3t, 12m cranes as well as pairs
Equipment of 2.25t traversing deployment booms.
The new vessels will have permanently mobilised
geophysical and hydrographic survey spreads. Knowing the exact position of any survey is essential. The
Geotechnical equipment will be installed on a project by Fugro vessels will derive precise positioning via Starfix
project basis. HP/XP and Starfix Spot global positioning systems (GPS),
which will be integrated with HiPAP 500 USBL subsea
Geophysical survey equipment will include Kongsberg acoustic systems. Each will also have an Applanix
EM302 and EM3002 multibeam echo sounders on the PosMV 320 motion reference unit.
Fugro Searcher and an EM710 on the Fugro Galaxy.
Each will have a Kongsberg EA600/EA400 single- The vessels will be conned with a range of bridge
beam echo-sounder. They will also have Edgetech instruments including autopilot, radars, a GPS navigator,
dual frequency 4200 digital sidescan sonars. The gyros and echo sounders. Both vessels will have automatic
Fugro Searcher will be fitted with a Kongsberg SBP300 static station-keeping capabilities. Communications systems
sub bottom profiler, while the Fugro Galaxy will get a include broadband via VSAT, medium/high frequency radios,
Kongsberg TOPAS PS40 sub-bottom profiler. All ancillary Inmarsat B and C, VHF and weather forecasting radios.
and calibration instrumentation will be available.
A major feature of the new vessels is that they will be able to
A seismic airgun array of up to 970m3 will be used to take advantage of all the safety and efficiency advances in
generate the seismic waves that are reflected by the ship design that have been made in recent years. The latest
subsurface sedimentary rock layers and picked up by safety and survival systems are a fundamental and integral
a solid digital streamer extending up to 4000m behind part of the vessels’ equipment. Personal locator beacons and
the vessel. The seismic data will be recorded on a direction-finding equipment are worn for an unlikely
Hydroscience Technologies NTRS2 240-channel recorder. man-overboard event.

A variety of geotechnical equipment such as vibrocorers, While the speed of geophysical surveys is dictated largely by
grab samplers and cone penetrometers are also available. the laws of physics, the top speed of 12.8kts ensures that the
For survey operations in deep water, the vessels have the vessels can get to the site quickly. A fuel capacity of 387m3
necessary deck space to accommodate any of Fugro’s gives a range of 6000 nautical miles at 10kts. Range and

18 UT3 1Q 2010
OSIL’s data buoy

Data Buoy
OSIL will showcase a number of products at
Oceanology International, including the Shearwater
data buoy. Designed to be completely adaptable
to a wide range of applications, it can withstand
the harshest of conditions because of its robust
construction.

OSIL is also showing its rapid deployment


endurance are thereby optimal buoy, designed for use in applications
and time on site maximised. where data needs to be obtained rapidly,
The vessels have a fresh water for instance, where other data collection
storage capacity of 100m3 and systems are out of action for short periods
there are facilities for making of time. This small, lightweight buoy is
8m3 of fresh water per day. designed for up to four weeks of constant
use and carries a small solar panel.
The diesel electric propulsion
is based on three 910kW
engines. The vessels will be
driven by a pair of Schottel,
SRP 110 rudder propellers
Plankton Counter
while type 49/122/290 bow ODIM Brooke Ocean won an order from the Johann
thrusters enable manoeuvring Heinrich von Thünen-Institute, Institute for Baltic Sea
and station keeping. Computer Fisheries, for an ODIM laser optical plankton counter
control will enable the vessels (LOPC). It will be integrated with a MacArtney Triaxus
to automatically remain static towed vehicle. The Institute of Baltic Sea Research will be
over a designated spot or taking delivery of the ODIM LOPC spring of 2010.
follow an ROV as it conducts it
survey work. The ODIM LOPC is the next
generation in plankton
The specially designed hull profiling. Its high speed
form, resilient engine mounts processing and improved
and rudder propeller design detection plane provides
will maximise station keeping detection counts at higher
and navigational control, ensure acoustically quiet resolutions and higher
running at survey speeds and keep the vessels’ concentrations with lower
carbon footprints to a minimum. The vessels’ sea coincidence. The system
keeping qualities enable them to stay on location, can be installed on various
minimising weather standby time. tow-body scenarios as
ODIM’s optical plankton counter
well as on the ODIM
There is ample space in the 65m long vessel for moving vessel profiler
work and recreation. Accommodation is provided multi sensor free fall fish, enabling vertical real-time water
for 42 people in en-suite single and double cabins. column profiling while underway at speeds up to 12kts.
Recreation areas include two lounges, video
room, gym and internet cafe. A first class working
environment is ensured for survey and marine crew
members alike. Motion Reference
Kongsberg Seatex will present the fifth generation of its
Several 10GBase-T networks will provide the survey motion reference unit (MRU) at Oi10. The MRU 5+
systems with full plug-and-play interconnectivity, builds on the already cutting-edge technology
allowing any user multiple access points to any data employed in previous generations and takes
acquisition and data processing requirement. roll, pitch and heave measurements closer to
perfection than ever before, with documented
There is a data processing room that allows the roll and pitch accuracy of 0.01deg.
data to be interpreted onboard without it having
to be transmitted to shore. This is essential for Kongsberg Seatex will also exhibit the
time sensitive applications where survey results new position, attitude and heading sensor,
are essential to keep to the critical path of the Seapath 330+, which is designed specifically
development or project. for the hydrographic market and other
high precision applications where heading,
“These units represent initial steps in a global vessel position, roll, pitch, heave and timing are
replacement schedule with the objective of removing critical measurements. By combining
older tonnage from our fleet and clearly differentiating GPS/global navigation satellite system
Fugro’s offshore survey division from other providers (GLONASS) and inertial data, Seapath 330+
who lack the financial resources to take such provides robust integrity monitoring and more
necessary steps.” said Phil Meaden, managing precise operation, particularly in highly obstructed
director of Fugro Survey. environments. Kongsberg Seatex’s motion reference unit

UT3 1Q 2010
19
Subsea Conferences

Cougar
Marine Data Management Saab Seaeye is formally
launching its Cougar XTi electric
Oceanology International ’10 will see remotely operated vehicle (ROV).
the release of the latest version of Pioneering technology means
SeaZone GeoTemporal Editor, an the vehicle can go deeper and
innovative software solution to improve has a smaller launch system, a
and simplify the management, analysis thinner umbilical, clearer interface,
and presentation of geographic and smarter fault diagnostics, easier
environmental data where time is an configuration and tighter piloting.
important component.
Managing Director Dave Grant possible with the new Cougar XTi. Pilots
SeaZone GeoTemporal Editor sees the innovative new vehicle get fault diagnostics through a simplified
manages tide, current and wave opening up a whole new market man/machine interface that interprets
datasets captured from acoustic for the concept of a combined the fault data for them before clearly
doppler profilers, together with other inspection and light work-ROV. displaying the problem and the remedial
oceanographic, hydrographic and action to be taken.
meteorological information such as “Operating to 3000m depth, the
water quality and wind speed data. The Cougar XTi can perform tasks Clever system integration makes the
software allows the import of custom independently, or in support of a ROV more software driven than hardware
datasets and links to geoseismis construction class hydraulic ROV.” dependent and therefore easier to
information system (GIS) and external He said it also brings important reconfigure for different operational roles.
databases, bringing a wide variety cost savings in deck space with a It means different task-specific tooling
of data together for further spatial compact, single skid solution for skids can be readily added and changed
analysis and improved reporting and the launch and recovery system as needed, along with custom designed
decision making. (LARS). options for specific operational needs.

Many organisations face the Shrinking the LARS came from Such tooling can include manipulator
challenges of capturing, using and a breakthrough by Saab Seaeye packages, anvil and disc cutters,
managing complex survey and engineers who managed to reduce water-jetting equipment, torque tools,
environmental monitoring data, often the umbilical from a typical 32mm survey packages with camera booms,
relying on high end programming down to 20mm. The thinner drill support and inspection, repair and
expertise and specialist software, umbilical not only significantly maintenance tooling.
which can be costly and inflexible. reduces the winch drum size, but
also offers considerably less drag
SeaZone’s GeoTemporal software in the water in strong currents.
provides marine surveyors, engineers,
scientists, researchers, data managers They achieved the reduction by
and consultants with a new generation boosting the voltage from 500V to
of tools to navigate and browse 3000V with only one power line
environmental data. rather than two, needed to feed
the system.
Through an easy-to-use interface,
users can import, quality control, The 800Hz high frequency power
visualise, analyse and present data distribution system also cuts
from multiple sources. Additional the size of the ROV’s onboard
capabilities allow export of data in open transformer by 80% and improves
formats for further use in GIS. the vehicle’s power-to-weight ratio
giving an 80kg payload at 3000m.

Developments
Other key developments include a
fault tolerant system that isolates
any failed component and allows
the ROV to keep
working at its
designated task.

Left: Illustration of GeoTemporal Spatial A greater range of
tools with typical contour and chainage deep water applications is
chart plots (right and bottom).

20 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Subsea Conferences
XTi
FASTtracka II
A contamination event at a UK water pumping station
was successfully detected by the Chelsea Technologies
FASTtracka II system. The event was automatically
detected using the FASTtracka II, fast repetition rate
(FRR) chlorophyll a fluorometer combined with a novel
red, amber, green (RAG) algorithm, which has been
developed to provide continuous, real-time protection for
water supplies at the pre-treatment stage.
The ROV also has a new autopilot system that gives
the pilot more precise positioning of the vehicle by A discharge of Triclosan at a concentration of 22.6µg/l
automatically holding depth and heading in much tighter was detected by one of a number of FASTtracka
parameters than ever before. systems within an ongoing evaluation programme,
involving UK sites operated by Veolia Water, United
The Cougar XTi is an upgrade of the long proven Cougar Utilities and Scottish Water, plus one site within the US.
concept, with breakthrough technology introduced from All FASTtracka II sensors within this trial were installed
Saab Seaeye’s flagship Jaguar electric work-ROV. at the water intake of pumping stations, with natural flora
providing the target material for FRR measurements.
“The Cougar XTi opens up a whole new market for the
concept of a combined inspection and light work-ROV,” The RAG algorithm provides a clear display of the
said Grant. “Providing operation to 3000m depth the water condition and alarms when a contamination
Cougar XTi can either perform tasks independently event is detected. Since each FRR sequence requires
or provide support for the work of construction class only 2.7ms, the system can provide very high temporal
hydraulic ROVs.” resolution (currently set at one acquisition per minute),
whilst allowing for use of a very low maintenance, flow-
through arrangement.

Using data from the evaluation programme, the RAG


Brazilian Cougar algorithm now has been developed to the point where it
provides extremely effective rejection of false positives,
Specialist contractor, whilst maintaining high sensitivity to contamination
DOF Subsea, has taken events.
delivery of the new 3000m-
rated Cougar XTi ROV, Dr Kevin Oxborough presented results from the
which will be permanently evaluation programme to a special interest group from
commissioned aboard a UK water companies, at a meeting hosted by Veolia
specially built DOF Subsea Water.
vessel, along with two
The Cougar XTi hydraulic work-class vehicles. Other features of the system discussed included the
self-cleaning design of the sample chamber, the ability
The vessel has been to function at high turbidity levels, the extremely high
constructed in Norway and dynamic range and the real-time measurement of
will operate offshore in Brazil chlorophyll a concentration. The potential for using
for Light Well Intervention. FRR technology for algal bloom detection was also
discussed.
The onboard launch and
recovery system (LARS)
has been built by ODIM,
and includes active heave
compensation.

FASTtracka II system

UT3 1Q 2010
21
Subsea Conferences

Intruder Detection Tracking


Sonardyne International has won personnel and to meet the practical Applied Acoustics has complemented its
a contract worth in excess of requirements of every day use. series of Easytrak ulata short base line (USBL)
€1.5 million with an EU research tracking systems with a new small, compact
consortium for the supply of The Sentinels for the new European version.
multiple Sentinel Intruder Detection contracts will be deployed to protect
Sonars (IDS). strategic shipping assets and in Known as Easytrak Alpha, it is following on only
several European ports over the next shortly after the launch of the Easytrak Nexus
The Sentinels will be integrated into a six months to automatically detect, in 2009. The Nexus, with its spread spectrum
new maritime command and control track and classify underwater threats technology, is a rugged rack-mount system able
network that will combine satellite, at long ranges. The equipment being to track up to 10 target beacons, while Alpha
sonar, CCTV and other sensor supplied will include Sonardyne’s latest meets the need of limited operations, such as
data to protect shipping, ports and sustained immersion sonar head which small ROV surveys or basic diver tracking.
harbours and critical infrastructure. has been introduced for permanent,
This will help guard against a wide maintenance free installation as well For deeper water sub-bottom profiling surveys,
range of waterborne threats including as portable configuration Sentinels for Applied Acoustics now offers a 12kJ power
those from unidentified ships where rapid deployment from vessels visiting source, the latest and largest of its range of CSP
the port of call is in question. foreign ports. power supplies. Housed in a 21U robust case,
it is ideal for use in marine sparker operations,
Sentinel IDS systems are operational Rob Balloch, strategic development specifically with the multi-tip Delta Sparker, and
worldwide protecting both commercial director for Sonardyne said, “We will be used in higher penetration or
and military assets, critical energy have worked very closely with our EU geohazard
and civilian infrastructure, VIPs and partners to meet their requirements ssessment.
maritime borders. for a diver detection sonar that will
offer high performance in some very
The system uses advanced sonar challenging operational scenarios.”
technology to provide a 360
degree, below water protection “The award of this contract
zone that can discriminate between demonstrates the strong confidence Easytrak
genuine targets such as divers and in both the capabilities of Sentinel Alpha
swimmers and non-threats such as and Sonardyne’s ability to provide
large fish or pleasure craft. Sentinel innovative technology coupled with
has been designed specifically
for ease of use by security
class-leading project and technical
support.” CPT
Coastline Surveys has launched its newly
commissioned seabed CPT unit ‘C-Pen20’. The
new concept in cone penetration test (CPT)
operations has been designed specifically
to meet the requirements for seabed soil
investigation for subsea cable networks in
connection with offshore renewable energy
projects.

Using a standard 5cm² piezocone the system


has proven capability to penetrate up to 3m
below the seabed, providing real-time in situ
measurement of soil properties and stratigraphy.
C-Pen20 has been designed to operate in
conjunction with their range of high-powered
vibrocoring systems from their dedicated 24m
multirole survey vessel MV Flat Holm.

Developed in conjunction with GeoMarine,


C-Pen20 uses a unique hydraulic drive
mechanism providing up to 20kN of total thrust.
Data collected by the cone is transmitted directly
to an onboard computer, where it is processed
and interpreted by a specialist engineer. This
rapid onboard interpretation helps optimal
Sentinel Intruder Detection Sonar System installation route design with considerable cost
savings.

22 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Subsea Conference
Mojave
Sub-Atlantic will launch its latest
generation Mojave ROV, perhaps
the most powerful observation
remotely operated vehicle (ROV)
for its size.

The highly advanced machine


has been built to an extremely high
specification using the very latest
in ‘off the shelf’ miniaturised PC
technology. The result is an extremely Sub-Atlantic’s
compact, robust, easily maintained new Mojave ROV It is well suited to scientific,
and easy to transport vehicle which port security, military and civil
comes with camera and LED lighting hardware which has been engineering missions, diver safety
within the base specification. re-designed to operate within cover, internal and external pipeline
a vehicle and surface control unit inspection, among other missions,
Operating to a 300m depth rating as package that can fit in the back of an making it one of the most adaptable
standard with 1000m option, it is also average sized hatchback car. vehicles on the market.
available to operate from a tether
management system (TMS) making it The Mojave can be supplied with a Swedish survey company Marin
the ideal vehicle for numerous subsea complete range of specialist tooling Mätteknik AB (MMT AB) will be
missions. and sensor skids for use on offshore showcasing two Mojave units on
and inshore projects, including jacket its booth at the show. These were
Available for sale and rental, this inspection, multibeam survey, hydraulic purchased after seeing the design
ROV can also use any domestic manipulation, dynamic positioning, specification alone and joined the
power supply and features cleaning and non-destructive testing companies existing fleet of
subCAN, the advanced control and (NDT) inspection, water sample Sub-Atlantic Comanche and Mohican
diagnostics telemetry software/ collection and under-hull surveillance. systems.

Tide Gauge
Valeport has launched TideMaster, a As well as recording water level, bracket is provided for wall
compact water level recorder. TideMaster can be provided with mounting use.
an optional ultrasonic wind speed
It is designed for use in a wide range and direction sensor to record
of fixed or portable survey and tide meteorological data.
monitoring operations. Suitable for
use in fresh or salt water, TideMaster TideMaster can be set up and data
is highly accurate and can be retrieved via an optional control/
deployed for up to a year at a time. display panel that uses organic LED
technology, Bluetooth and an SD
Sales manager, Kevin Edwards, memory card.
commented, “TideMaster is an
extremely versatile and cost effective Alternatively, it can be plugged into
new product. It replaces the popular a PC and controlled using Valeport’s
Model 740, and whilst it retains the Windows based software, TideMaster
easy to use features, a lot more Express. This allows the user to
enhancements have been made with download and display recorded or
further provision for additions in the real-time data from single or multiple
future.” gauges. TideMaster is also compatible
with a wide range of hydrographic
Low power consumption, with software and tools on the market.
both pre-programmed and a user
selectable sampling regime, allow Valeport’s bespoke injection moulded
for up to a year of autonomous housing is rated to IP67 and allows a
operation, whilst optional telemetry tool free change of batteries without
packages provide capabilities for exposure to the main electronics.
real- time operation. A practical and lockable mounting The Valeport TideMaster

UT3 1Q 2010
23
Subsea Conferences

SeaBat Contract
Aberdeen-based Dynamic Positioning The SeaBat 7125-ROV is a valuable
Services has awarded Reson a sonar system to the offshore industry
contract for a SeaBat 7125-ROV dual and is a market leader in its field. The
frequency 200/400kHz, 6km depth sonar system operates with a dual
rated. This sonar has been acquired frequency of 200kHz or 400kHz, with
for the rental market. an effective swath angle of 128deg and
a very high depth resolution of 6mm
due to its beamforming capabilities and
individual beam angle of 0.5deg by
1.0deg. SeaBat 7112

The SeaBat 7125 features equi-angle Reson has also delivered a


and equi-distance amongst other SeaBat 7112 system to Whitehead
efficiency enhancing features, and the Alenia Sistemi Subacquei (WASS) of
system can be mounted on a ROV Italy, part of the Finmeccanica group
or installed on any vessel. The dual of companies.
frequency provides seamless coverage
from 0.5 to 500m depth and is thus The device will be used in conjunction
ideal for a variety of offshore and with other WASS and SELEX systems
hydrographic applications in the North as part of a harbour security system.
SeaBat 7125-ROV dual Sea.
frequency 200/400kHz SeaBat 7112 multibeam sonar system
Ross Macleod, the technical director for diver detection consists of a circular
Dynamic Positioning Services is of Dynamic Positioning Services, said, array and projector ensonifying a
involved in the sales, rental, calibration “The SeaBat 7125-ROV adds another cylindrical volume of water up to 1000m
and repair of marine electronic multibeam system to our family of range.
equipment for survey, construction, SeaBats already available from our
ROV, geophysical and environmental rental pool. With this latest addition Designed to detect small targets such
sensors. It carries an impressive in- we believe we can now service the as divers with closed circuit re-breather
ventory and are able to offer a complete offshore market more efficiently for equipment, the system will track and
service, tailored to its customers’ the ever increasing demand for high alert operators of their presence on a
specific project requirements. resolution multibeam systems.” geo-referenced map of the area.

Gemini Reduces Operation Time Tritech’s Gemini 720i imaging sonar

Tritech’s Gemini 720i imaging sonar Gemini 720i was deployed on a Perry This gave the
has been recently used in the harsh Slingsby XLS 150hp work-class ROVs pilot
environments of the southern north ROV, supplied by underwater vehicle a higher
sea (SNS). Marine Subsea (formally contractor, Specialist Subsea Services, level of
TS Marine) recently underwent an (formally Oceanteam). The sonar’s awareness
abandonment campaign in SNS integrated sound velocity sensor and in poor flying
locations where the shallow water high resolution imaging provided the conditions.
depth, low visibility and strong sharpest image with accurate ranging. Gemini 720i’s
currents provided a challenging wide 120deg field of view
environment for this type of work. The Perry Slingsby allowed the ROV pilots to fly the vehicle
XLS ROV with a into confined spaces with greater
Gemini 720i’s fast update rate and Gemini sonar confidence.
high resolution imaging contributed
to Marine Services’ reduced Grant Cowie, subsea team leader,
operations time during Marine Subsea, commented, “Gemini
Phase 1 of the campaign. Its 720i has a greater and improved acoustic
real-time imaging provided a good range and resolution capability compared
viewing platform to assist with the to other multibeam sonars in the same
deployment of the Baker Hughes class. Its real-time capabilities allowed
well head abandonment straddle us to dramatically reduce operations time
packer tool and the subsequent during phase one of our abandonment
plugging of the well. campaign in SNS.”

24 UT3 1Q 2010
WE BRING CLARITY
TO THE
WORLD BELOW Precision survey

EM 3002 -
Multibeam echo sounder
• Dynamically focused beams
• 254/508 beams
• Equidistant or equiangular
• Fully stabilized for roll and pitch
• All beams maintained for all depths
• Complies with IHO-44 Special Order

The Kongsberg
EM 3002 multibeam echo sounder
is capable of 3D inspection of
underwater port structures,
the highest resolution.

www.km.kongsberg.com

Oceanology International:
Courtesy of FOD Economie, KMO, Come and see the system
Middenstand en Energie, Belgium on our stand no. E600

Valeport Sound Velocity Sensors


The Gold Standard
Nothing else comes close for:
• Performance
• Quality
• Reliability
• Confidence

Contact us to find out why Valeport is the professionals’ choice


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UT3 1Q 2010
Subsea Conferences

Obstacle Avoidance Sonar Echoscope


A forward-looking sonar, from underwater objects, where they are in CodaOctopus has received an order from
Guernsey-based Marine Electronics, relation to the ship’s approach and their Van Oord for the supply of an Echoscope 3D
has been installed aboard a British- depth below the surface. real-time sonar system. The order follows
operated tanker as a major initiative Van Oord’s purchase of Echoscope systems
to refine operational safety. The The system also provides a movable in 2008, which were deployed successfully
See Echo system was developed by ‘camera’ viewpoint and is available with on the Ras Laffan liquefied natural gas (LNG)
Marine Electronics in cooperation the option of target tracking and with a port expansion project in Qatar.
with the ship owner to provide a range of up to 1km.
three-dimensional image of the sea The sonar, built on patented Echoscope
up to 1km ahead of the vessel. Installation of the See Echo on an technology, will be incorporated into Van
operational tanker has been prompted Oord’s existing pool of units. In central
It is now undergoing a trials by the enormous costs that can be Amsterdam the Echoscope system is being
programme which, if successful, will incurred by operators if a ship goes used to visualise live underwater excavation
result in its installation aboard other aground or is damaged in such a operations as part of the construction of a
ships in the company’s substantial way as to cause pollution. Despite new metro station. Situated directly beneath
fleet. It is intended to provide an the comprehensive nature of modern the existing Amsterdam Central Station, the
extra margin of safety against hydrography, uncharted areas are new metro system runs north-south across
grounding. known to persist. These can be the city and will carry 200 000 passengers
responsible for costly groundings such each day.
Unlike conventional sonars that look as that experienced by the ship QE2 in
down from the ship and show the 1992 when she hit a rocky seabed that The existing station is built on hundreds of
seabed directly beneath the keel, the had remained uncharted in busy waters large oak pilings which are to be carefully
See Echo looks ahead to provide an off Martha’s Vineyard, USA. removed during the construction project. The
advance warning of any obstacles. unique technology of the Echoscope enables
It consists of two arrays that scan The See Echo will also provide an alert the accurate real-time 3D visualisation of the
the sea ahead through a vertical arc for partially submerged objects such as pilings during the removal process and the
of 20deg and horizontally through a cargo containers of which an estimated dredging of the chamber around them.
sector of 90deg. They are linked by 10 000 are lost overboard every year.
fibre-optic cable to a dedicated high The sonar will also register the presence It will also be used in the construction of
definition touch-screen computer of whales and other sea mammals that Maasvlakte as part of the Rotterdam Mainport
display on the ship’s bridge. are in the path of the ship. Development Project. In this project, the
Echoscope system provides crane operators
The images from the two arrays Because the See Echo provides a 3D with critical real-time visualisation during the
are combined to create a 3D image, it has also been found very removal of the existing concrete breakwater
representation of the sea ahead that helpful for ships operating in sea ice. structure and the construction of replacement
can also be viewed with an electronic The display reveals the thickness of the walls.
chart overlay. The display shows ice sheet ahead and enables the ship’s
master to decide whether it is possible
to sail through it safely. This is expected
to prove particularly important for cruise
ships that are undertaking voyages into
polar waters. The sinking of the cruise
ship Explorer in 2007 confirmed the
environmental and passenger safety
risks that need to be guarded against.

The system was fitted inside the
bulbous bow of the tanker during a
recent dry-docking in Dubai. Installation
required the design and construction
of a sea chest, or water filled cavity,
inside the bow to accommodate the two
sonar arrays. An exceptionally strong
acoustic window a little over 1m2 has
been made from a kevlar and carbon-
fibre composite and fitted into the bow
so that the transmissions from the
sonar can leave and return to the ship
The See Echo system unhindered.
in a bulbous bow The Echoscope

26
Echoscope placement in crane arm
UT3 1Q 2010
5900 multi beam side scan with swath bathymetry

Go Wider
L-3 Klein has continued to work on shallow water requiring a short month to the US Office
the insertion of its advanced side- scope of tow cable, L-3 Klein’s of Naval Research in the
scan sonar technologies into an ever proprietary beam steering and image Portsmouth, New Hampshire,
increasing family of high performance stabilisation has been introduced to harbour. It showed that if an
sonar products. The most recent of overcome angular perturbations and explosive device, whether it was a
these is the System 5900 multi beam artdefacts caused by motion. mine or an underwater improvised
sidescan with swath bathymetry. explosive device (UIED), deployed in
The System 5900 is designed for use a port or harbour, it can be identified
The System 5900 has been developed on unmanned autonomous surface and the data is automatically
for critical port and harbour security vessels and incorporates capabilities to transported via a wireless RF link to
applications as well as mine allow remote control and real-time data the local port security office.
countermeasure (MCM) and route collection and transmission of image
clearance survey applications. This data to a land-based operation centre L-3 Klein teamed with Fidelity
sonar uses advanced Interferometric for evaluation and target identification. Comtech, a commercial-off-the-shelf
signal processing to produce (COTS) supplier of wireless local
simultaneous estimates of the seabed This basically means that an MCM area network (WLAN) technology
topography and sidescan data. mission can be accomplished without using its Phocus steerable phased
placing a man in a mine field. L-3 Klein array system to transmit the side-
The L-3 Klein System 5900 employs has demonstrated that the images of scan sonar imaging data from the
a higher number of acoustic the seabed within a port or harbour can moving vessel to the land-based
channels and a higher frequency to be transmitted over a wireless network office. L-3 Klein then coupled
produce superior images and along- to an operations and security centre for this side scan technology with its
track resolution. This is extremely assessment and action. commercially available HarborGuard
advantageous when performing critical system, which provides detection
missions involving littoral waters The full capability of the new and tracking of all surface vessels
(ports and harbours) and rapid area L-3 Klein System 5900 was and floating objects in the area of
assessments. In addition, due to successfully demonstrated last interest.

At home in
the ocean
Easytrak Nexus is the second generation USBL
tracking system from Applied Acoustics.
With Broadband Spread Spectrum technology at its heart,
Nexus has the ability to transfer digital data from subsea
to surface, all the while continuing to provide secure and
stable positioning information in challenging environments.
Versatile, flexible and simple to install and operate, Easytrak
Nexus is tracking, made easy.

Nexus USBL Acoustic Tracking System


Broadband Spread Spectrum Technology
Digital Data Telemetry
Multiple Target Tracking

+44 (0)1493 440355 : general@appliedacoustics.com : www.appliedacoustics.com

UT3 1Q 2010
27
Subsea Conferences

Exhibitions

AOG 2010 UTC 2010


Dates 24-25 March 2010, Dates 21-22 April 2010
Location: Perth Location: Bergen
Chevron is set to outline its plans business development streams, the UTC 2010 will be the 16th Underwater
for the subsea developments of Subsea Australasia Conference will Technology Conference in Bergen.
the giant Gorgon and Wheatstone launch on Wednesday 24 March with More than 500 delegates and exhibitors
projects during one of six topical two half-day seminars examining are expected to attend the event.
seminars at the Subsea Australasia Australasia subsea markets and
Conference in Perth from 24-25 subsea systems engineering. In the morning, there will be the
March. opening and keynote address, then
In the first, Subsea UK and SEA will the conference will get underway
AOG 10 will be Australia’s largest gaze into the crystal ball to forecast with Margaret Øvrum, executive
subsea event, which is expected to growth potential for the Australasian Vice President of Statoil discussing
attract up to 450 delegates including subsea market. Speakers for this Deeper, longer, colder - developing
local and overseas decision makers session include John Westwood solutions to cross energy frontiers.
from the subsea industry. from Douglas Westwood Limited and Subsea technologies in challenging
Julian Callanan of Infield Systems scenarios will be discussed by Solange
A highlight of the two day Limited. Guedes, executive vice president E&P,
conference program will be a half Petrobras , and Unlocking deepwater
day seminar coordinated by Subsea The afternoon sessions will include reserves using subsea pressure
Energy Australia (SEA) and Subsea a seminar on long distance tiebacks. boosting technology by Ian Breckels,
UK (SUK) which will explore the This will feature international Managing Director of Shell Technology
opportunities of upcoming subsea insights, with Stian Karlsen from Norway.
projects in Australasia, including the Nexans, Norway, scheduled to
massive Gorgon and Wheatstone speak on the topic of dynamic deep Daniel Plathey, vice president,
projects. water power cables. technologies at Total will talk about
Deepwater developments - moving
During this seminar session, leading Day two of the conference will take a forward: The essential combination of
oil and gas operator Chevron, closer look at new subsea technical existing field experience and the need
engineering giant Clough and challenges in Australia. for innovation and new technologies.
the newly formed Pipeline Repair
Operators Forum (PROFA) will be Will Acworth, from GE Oil & Gas Melody Meyer, president of ETC
invited to outline their plans for the will provide an update on key - Technology division, Chevron, will
region. technologies, capabilities and talk about Unlocking the Underwater
innovations that could potentially Hydrocarbon Potential’.
Another program feature is a full make a significant contribution to the
day seminar on Geophysics and success of subsea developments. The afternoon sessions include
Geohazards, featuring presentations
from twelve key industry leaders. Paul Handidaja from Braemar Completion and Well Intervention
Falconer Pte Ltd will deliver the Ormen Lange tree on wire; Subsea well
“Western Australia’s Department keynote address for the concluding intervention. Learning from the past
of Mines and Petroleum has one-day seminar on geophysics and –planning for the future; Subsea well
estimated there will be more than geohazards. This seminar promises service vessels; Valves–the good, the
$148 billion in project expenditure to bring to the forefront the bad and the ugly and
on WA gas related developments importance of geophysical methods n-Tegrity–advanced subsea well control
alone in the coming decade, for identifying and mitigating technology.
so this half-day seminar will be hazards in the marine environment.
of interest to all those with a Marine Operations
vested interest in the future of A joint initiative between SEA, Deepwater subsea lifting operations;
Australia’s oil and gas industry,” Subsea UK, the Society for Manned underwater intervention during
said Bill Hare, Exhibition Director Underwater Technology and AOG, deepwater operations, Combining time
of the Australasian Oil and Gas the Subsea Australasia Conference domain analysis and CFD for subsea
Exhibition (AOG). is being held in conjunction with lifts; Hywind floating wind turbine
AOG 2010 at Perth Convention project and Ormen Lange hot tap, a
Incorporating both technical and Exhibition Centre. world record.

28 UT3 1Q 2010
.....
Subsea Processing The day before UTC, the Society
The world’s first subsea wet gas for Underwater Technology have
compressor; Qualification of a novel organised a Crash Course in Subsea
deepwater gas/liquid separator; Markets. It is aimed at investors,
Hybrid pump for the Pazflor
deepwater development; Tyrihans
financial experts and employees
as well as CEOs, CFOs and sales UDT EUROPE 2010
subsea raw seawater injection and Oil managers in subsea or affiliated
free high speed motor for compressor businesses. Dates 8-10 June 2010,
drive.
The intent is to provide information
Location: Hamburg, German
Wellheads, Xmas trees, Manifolds and knowledge to be used by This year the focus of the
and Structures the participants in the future for Underwater Defence Technology
Slender wells and new subsea investments in subsea/deepwater Conference is on preparing for
solutions for increased oil recovery; companies, to provide a thorough the future by identifying today the
Subsea building blocks for slender understanding of market opportunities, factors that are shaping tomorrow’s
wells and Subsea MMX solution. Only constraints and risk, and to enhance landscape and in this context, the
the colour has not been challenged. knowledge suitable for strategic theme for the Opening Keynote
market entry/exit decision processes. Address will be ‘Meeting the
Flow Assurance Requirements for the next decade’.
Islay flow assurance challenges: Welcome: Bergen subsea cluster
Seabed conditioning and heat Henning Nordgulen, Director The conference themes for UDT
tracing; Vega flow assurance system Corporate Division, Sparebanken Vest Europe 2010 are
and Pipeline heating systems for Geir Evensen, Chairman SUT Norway
continuous operation. Trond Olsen, Gen. Manager NCE
Unmanned Underwater Vehicles
Inspection, Maintenance and Repair Setting the scene – Subsea and Network Centric Warfare and
Kvitebjørn gas pipeline repair deepwater market development
Communication
– baptism of remote pipeline repair Jarand Rystad, Partner Rystad Energy
system; You get what you inspect, Imaging Sonars
not what you expect! An effective hull Global deepwater markets – Combat Systems
IMR Plan; Mooring Lines Monitoring opportunities for Norwegian Industry
System. Petter Narvestad, Partner - Equity Maritime Security and Force
Research, Fondsfinans Protection
Umbilicals and Flowlines Tasks and Means in Littoral
Gjøa subsea power cable project. A Global Subsea Market –Spends and
green solution, Extending the cost Trends 2010-2014 Operations
efficiency of rigid reel pipelaying and Howard Wright, Analytical Services Weapons and Countermeasures
Flexible risers, pleasure and pain. Manager, Infield Systems
Life Support and Rescue
HPHT Basic elements and understanding of a Non Acoustic Sensors
Vega HPHT field development; subsea system Submarines and Submarine
Challenges for ultra HPHT subsea Arne B. Riple, Vice President Aker
tree system solutions and A new Solutions Subsea Systems
deepwater multiphase and wet gas Environmental Effects and
flowmeter for HPHT. Risk assessments in Subsea Monitoring
Developments Terje Skogen, Asset
Integrated Operations Real Time Manager, FMC Technologies Operation Navigation Training and
The copper cable is not dead; ASW
Subsea wireless communications Deepwater Marine Operations
Mine Warfare and
for enhanced production monitoring – challenges and market opportunities
and Subsea leak detection Stuart Fitzgerald, Managing Director, Countermeasures
systems - recommended practice. Acergy Norway

UT3 1Q 2010
29
Field Development

Field
Development
Van Gogh Hello Muda
Oil production has commenced at Thailand’s PTTEP has begun
Apache’s Van Gogh development in producing natural gas from its Muda
Production License WA-35-L in the and Jengka fields. Initial rates reached
Exmouth Basin, offshore Western 135million ft3/d gas and 4900b/d of
Australia. condensate, and output is targeted to
reach 135million ft3/d by the end of the
Apache, the Van Gogh field operator, year.
owns a 52.5-percent interest in the
Van Gogh field with INPEX owning The Muda and Jengka field is located
the remaining interest. Van Gogh offshore in the Gulf of Thailand
is located 32 miles (53 km) north- approximately 150 km Northeast to
northwest of Exmouth. Kota Bharu, 250 km East of Songkhla
province and 350 km North of
“Production from Van Gogh is Kemaman Supply Base (KSB) in water-
projected to ramp up during the first depth of ranging between 55-65m in
half of the year, making a significant contract area of Block B-17 in the Joint
contribution to Apache’s growth in Development Area.
2010,” said Rod Eichler, co-chief
operating officer and president - MTJDA-B17 project consists of B-17,
Van Gogh development
International. C-19 and B-17-01 blocks covering
Apache also has agreed to supply 8000km2 in the Gulf of Thailand. Four
Van Gogh, discovered in 2003, is gas from its Julimar and Brunello appraisal wells drilled and additional
Apache’s first field development discoveries to Chevron’s Wheatstone petroleum reserves assessment were
utilizing a floating production, storage liquefied natural gas (LNG) hub and carried out in 2006.
and offloading (FPSO) vessel. The become a foundation equity partner
field was developed with 19 horizontal in the project, unlocking an estimated The Muda and Jengka field
production laterals, two water 2.1 trillion cubic feet of gross gas development project consists of four
injection wells and one gas injection reserves from two of Apache’s largest wellhead platforms (Muda-A [MDA],
well. The total horizontal interval discoveries. Apache holds a 65- Muda-B [MDB], Muda-C [MDC]
drilled for all of the production wells percent interest in the discoveries. A and Jengka-A [JKA]), Muda central
exceeds 106,000 feet (32 km). The final investment decision on the first processing platform (MDPP) and living
Ningaloo Vision FPSO has capacity to phase of the Wheatstone project is quarters (MDLQ), flare tripod and FSO
process 150,000 barrels of liquids per slated for 2011. Ratu Songkhla
day, including 63,000 barrels of oil per
day, and store 540,000 barrels of oil.

Initial production from Van Gogh


highlights Australia’s role in Apache’s
worldwide production growth.
Pyrenees, another Apache Exmouth
Basin oil development, operated by
BHP Billiton Petroleum, is scheduled
to come on line during the first half of
2010. The two projects are expected
to add combined peak production of
40,000 barrels per day net to Apache.

In 2011, Apache expects to


commence production from the
Reindeer Field discovery through
the Devil Creek processing plant
- Western Australia’s first new
domestic natural gas processing hub
in Western Australia in more than 15
years. Devil Creek is forecasted to
increase Western Australia’s domestic
natural gas production capacity by up
to 20 percent.
Muda and Jengka

30 UT3 1Q 2010
;PTLPZTVUL`
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Aker Solutions’ fast-track subsea tree system


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UT3 1Q 2010
31
Field Development

Field
Development
Kitan
Bluewater has received a letter of award from ENI
for the chartering, operation and maintenance of the
upgraded FPSO Glas Dowr, complete with mooring
system including provision of logistics and ancillary
services for Kitan.

The Kitan field is situated in the joint petroleum


development area (JPDA), approximately 170km
south of the Timor-Leste coast and 500km north of the
Australian coast, and is located in around 344m of water
depth. It is located in the permit 06-105 – an area jointly
administered by Timor-Leste and Australia.

The contract has a minimum term of five years after


start of production and can be extended up to 10 years. The upgraded FPSO Glas Dowr

Guara Papa Terra


Petrobras, with its partners BG and Repsol, has signed a letter of intent with Chevron’s Brazilian subsidiary
engineering consortium of Schahin and Modec for the chartering of a floating will proceed with the development
production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel for the Guara prospect in of the Papa Terra project as the
the Santos basin pre-salt Block BM-S-9. company’s second deepwater
development offshore Brazil.
The agreements cover a 20-year lifespan and the field is expected to go
onstream in late 2012. Guara holds between When completed, it will represent
1.1 and 2 billion barrels of oil equivalent. The FPSO, is capable of producing Chevron’s largest investment in
120 000 barrels of oil and 5 million m3 of gas per day. Brazil to date and is expected to
grow the company’s production
The FPSO calls for 65% local content. The hull will be converted abroad, but capacity in the country. This was
its several modules integrated in Brazil. established with the 2009 start-up
of the Frade project.

Situated 110km (70 miles)


Aseng offshore in water depths of
approximately 1190m (3900ft),
Papa Terra is a heavy oil subsea
SBM Offshore has signed a contract with Noble Energy for the provision, development located within Block
lease and operation of a FPSO for the development of the Aseng BC-20 of the southern Campos
field, located in Block I offshore Equatorial Guinea, at a water depth of basin.
approximately 1000m.
The project will feature the first
Technip has also been awarded a lump sum contract by Noble Energy for tension leg well platform in Brazil
Aseng. Technip’s scope includes engineering, supply, installation and pre- which will be connected to a
commissioning of the 30km flexible pipe system, including six flexible risers FPSO vessel.
and flexible flowlines and jumpers.
The completed facility will be
The contract also includes the installation of the subsea production system, capable of producing up to 140
including manifolds, flying leads and umbilicals. These umbilicals will be 000 barrels of crude oil per day.
fabricated by Duco, Technip’s wholly owned subsidiary in Houston, Texas, First production from the Papa
under a separate contract. Terra project is expected in 2013.
Technip’s operating centre in Paris, France, will execute this contract. All Chevron holds a 37.5% interest
flexible pipes will be fabricated at the group’s plant in in the Petrobras-operated Papa
Le Trait, France. Terra project, which it estimates
will cost $5.2 billion. The project
Offshore installation is scheduled to be carried out mid-2011 using Technip’s is estimated to recover 380
deepwater construction vessel Deep Pioneer. million barrels of oil.

32 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Field Development
Yme MPOU
Bergen Group has received a letter of intent from SBM for
assistance during the completion of the Yme Mobile Offshore
Production Unit with Storage (MOPU Stor) jackup platform. The
extent of the contract is yet to be finalized but the total value is
expected to be of some tens of millions NOK.

The Yme platform, which will produce for Talisman Energy Norge
AS, is presently being completed in Abu Dhabi and is scheduled
to arrive in Norway in May 2010. The platform will then arrive
at Bergen Group Rosenberg where the jackup legs and other
equipment will be installed.

Espadarte The platform will then be towed to the offshore location for
offshore hook up and completion which is scheduled to be
completed in July 2010.

Baleia Azul Froy


SBM Offshore has received an Det norske is moving forward with plans to redevelop the Froy field
order from Petrobras for a lease- and expects to submit a new plan for development and operation. If
and-operate contract concerning the approved, Det norske plans to commence production in 2013.
Brazilian company’s existing FPSO Froy is estimated to hold 56 million barrels of recoverable reserves. It is
Espadarte for a period of 18 years located on Blocks 25/2, 25/3, 25/5 and 25/6 in PL 367 in the UK sector
on the Baleia Azul field offshore of the North Sea.
Brazil.

The FPSO Espadarte will be


disconnected from its current Gudrun
location at the Espadarte field Statoil has submitted the plan for development and operation (PDO) for
offshore Brazil. its the North Sea Gudrun field. Gudrun lies in production licence 025,
about 55km north of the Sleipner installations. The Norwegian Parliament
After transfer to a shipyard, the is expected to approve the development
FPSO will be modified and upgraded before the summer.
for the new project and will then
transfer back to Brazil for offshore Plans call for Gudrun to be developed with a
hook up, installation and operation traditional steel jack-up platform.
on the Baleia Azul field. The platform will have capacity for partial
processing of oil and gas, before the
The planned disconnection of the hydrocarbons are piped to Sleipner A.
FPSO from the Espadarte field is for
April 2011 and first oil at the Baleia The Gudrun field contains around 132
Azul field is planned for July 2012. million barrels of oil equivalent, of which two
The fixed lease rates payable for this thirds are oil. High reservoir pressure and
contract amounts to US$1.7 billion. temperature call for special technology.
Gudrun will form a good basis for developing
other oil and gas fields in the area.

Investment in field installations, pipelines


and drilling of production wells will total The Gudrun platform
nearly NOK 21 billion (nominal).

The steel production platform will be powered by a cable from Sleipner


East. It will have living quarters with 40 cabins. The well are will have 16
well slots. Plans call for seven production wells. The other slots can be
used for additional drilling to boost recovery. The topsides will rest on a
traditional steel jacket weighing 7100 tonnes, to be built by Aker Solutions
Espadarte FPSO under an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract.

UT3 1Q 2010
33
Field Development

Field
Development
Goliat
On behalf of the Goliat license production. After
(PL229/PL229B), Eni Norge AS and that, production
partner Statoil Petroleum AS, have will decline
selected Hyundai Heavy Industries relatively rapidly
(HHI) for the provision of the floating to 1.7 million
production storage and offloading m³/year,
(FPSO) unit for Goliat. followed by a
further steady
The contract was awarded on reduction to 0.5
the basis of a competitive tender million m³/year.
process. The estimated contract
value is NOK 6.9 billion. Gas will be re-injected
into the Kobbe reservoir
HHI, as engineering, procurement, or transported to Melkøya. It
construction (EPC) contractor, is expected that the maximum volume
will undertake all the project work of gas production (and re-injection)
including, onshore commissioning
and transportation.
will be approximately 1300 million
m³/year and will occur one year after
Santos FLNG Study
production commences. A SBM Offshore, working in collabora-
The FPSO Norwegian Sevan 1000 tion with Chiyoda, have been awarded
concept, will be fully winterised fter that, gas production will decrease a contract by Petrobras for a front end
and built to meet the conditions in somewhat. The Goliat field is expected engineering and design (FEED) study for
the Barents Sea. The design and to be in production for 15-20 years. a floating liquefied natural gas produc-
engineering of the unit have been Its lifetime may be extended if new tion facility (FLNG or LNG FPSO).
based on the highest standards for discoveries are made in the vicinity.
safety and environment. The study has started and is planned for
Aker Subsea was awarded the Goliat completion by the end of 2010.
The FPSO will be provided with subsea production system (SPS)
electrical power supply from contract This project is being conducted by the
shore which will lead to significant joint venture (JV) formed by Petrobras,
reduction of emission of greenhouse The SPS contract primarily covers BG, Repsol and Galp Energia for the
gases. all the activities connected to pre-salt reservoirs of the Santos Basin
the supply of the equipment like offshore Brazil.
The Sevan cylindrical floater design project management, engineering,
is currently being operated in the procurement, fabrication, acceptance The JV is studying the FLNG concept as
Brazil basin and the North Sea. and integration tests and assistance one means to handle the associated gas
during the installation, testing, that will be produced by
Goliat has two separate main commissioning and start up phase of the series of oil and gas producing
reservoirs Kobbe and Realgrunnen. the project. FPSOs that are planned to be put in
Both contain oil with an overlying operation for the development of the
gas cap. Additional, minor oil The equipment to be provided includes pre-salt fields in the Santos Basin in the
discoveries were found in the Snadd eight integrated subsea template coming years. The FLNG FEED study
and Klappmyss formations. The structures that will be outfitted with 22 will be developed considering a water
Realgrunnen lies approximately wellhead and production tree systems, depth of approximately 2200m and a
1000 metres beneath the sea control umbilicals, riser bases and capability to produce around 2.7 million
level, with the Kobbe formation at work over systems. tonnes per annum (mtpa) of LNG and
approximately 1800m. 1mtpa of LPG.
Technip Norge was selected for
Pressure in the reservoirs is low, execution of all activities connected The environmental conditions consid-
123 bar for Realgrunnen and 192 with the supply and installation of ered for the FLNG FEED will require the
bar for Kobbe. This is an advantage the flowlines and riser systems use of tandem LNG offloading for which
as regards well control, but presents on Goliat. The contract covers SBM Offshore will be able to offer its
challenges in connection with project management, engineering, specialised and proprietary technology.
production. procurement and installation of all For this project, SBM Offshore will be
flowlines and risers. Installation of the working as the leading company in a
The provisional oil production profile Subsea templates and manifolds, riser consortium with Chiyoda from Japan.
shows a build-up to 5.4 million bases and umbilicals is also included
m³/year by the second year of in the contract scope. The portfolio value of the FEED contract
is approximately US$ 40 million.

34 UT3 1Q 2010
Field Development
DSVi
Acergy has been awarded a three- non-exclusive provision of routine and
year contract, plus four one-year non-routine diver and
options for the provision of dive ROV inspection, maintenance, repair
support vessel services to the DSVi and construction projects for work
collective of companies, comprising offshore in the North Sea.
Chevron Hess, Nexen, Talisman
Draugen and Dana Petroleum. Onshore engineering commences
immediately, with offshore operations
Shell has awarded Aker Solutions The scope of the contract covers the commencing in 2010.
an engineering, procurement,
construction and installation (EPCI)
contract for a produced water re-
injection system on Draugen. The Lakach
scope includes prefabrication and
Compañía Mexicana De Veracruz, Mexico, in 1000m of
commissioning assistance. The
Exploraciones (COMESA) has water.
contract value is NOK 200 million.
awarded Technip, a technical
assistance contract to help in the The development includes
The produced water re-injection
development of the pre-front end a subsea tieback to shore
contract is a call-off from the existing
engineering and design (pre-FEED) through dual flowlines and a
modifications and maintenance
for the infrastructure of the Lakach new onshore gas plant. Pemex
support contract Aker Solutions has
field. has said Lakach holds 1.4tcf of
with Shell. Work will be completed in
total reserves and anticipates
January 2012.
Lakach, operated by Petróleos investing 17.2 billion pesos ($1.4
Mexicanos (PEMEX), lies billion) on developing the project
approximately 60km offshore from 2011-2015.
Gjøa
The deck and hull of the Gjøa platform
have been mated together in the fjord
outside the Norwegian town of Stord. Petrobras Supply
FMC Technologies has signed “FMC has a strong and
The hull was submerged to a depth a subsea service contract with longstanding relationship with
of 35 metres with only five metres Petrobras (for a subsea service Petrobras,” said John Gremp,
protrudeding from the water. The contract. The agreement is effective Executive Vice President of FMC
barge carrying the deck was towed through 2012 and is expected to Technologies.
from the quay and manoeuvred into result in an additional $80 million in
place between the columns of the hull. revenue to FMC Technologies. “Today’s announcement further
strengthens that relationship,
Four guide pins had to meet their FMC’s scope of supply and will be supported by our two
respective slots with a tolerance of includes storage, maintenance, manufacturing facilities in Rio de
just 25mm (1in) in all directions. The commissioning and offshore Janeiro and one service base in
operation was carried out by Aker services for subsea and topside Macae.”
Stord. control systems and drill pipe riser
systems.
The ballast water was then discharged;
the hull rose towards the deck and they
were mated. When the operation was
completed, the draught of the hull was
13m. The mated platform was then
towed to the quay, so that the work of Siri
mechanical completion could continue. Production from Siri field in the to design a more permanent
Danish part of the North Sea, reinforcement solution. This
has been resumed. Its operator, involves both design of the
DONG Energy ceased production installation of 1-2 piles next to the
last October following a routine Siri subsea storage tank. The piles
inspection revealing cracks in a will be connected to the caisson
subsea structure connected to the with large clamps.
oil storage tank underneath the Siri
platform. Now that Siri is back in production,
the adjacent fields, Nini, Cecilie and
A temporary solution involving Stine can also resume production.
a metal frame that supports
the subsea structure is now in The oil produced from these fields
place ensuring the stability of the is transported through a pipeline to
construction. the Siri platform and via the subsea
oil storage tank of the platform to a
Ramboll has secured a contract tanker.
Goja platfrom. Tommy Solstad, Gyro, for Statoil

UT3 1Q 2010
35
Seismic Survey

Seismic
Wide-Azimuth GoM Q-Marine Survey
WesternGeco has begun acquisition The latest seismic data processing
of the E-Octopus VII survey. techniques will be applied to the
Located in the Walker Ridge survey, including 3D generalized
and Keathley Canyon areas of surface multiple prediction (GSMP)
the US central Gulf of Mexico, and anisotropic Reverse Time
the multiclient survey covers Migration (RTM). Both techniques
approximately 300 outer continental are enhanced by the Q-Marine*
shelf (OCS) blocks. point-receiver marine seismic
acquisition system.
E-Octopus VII targets the high
profile Lower Tertiary trend in a The E-Octopus multiclient wide-
challenging subsalt imaging area azimuth program in the Gulf of
of the Walker Ridge. The survey Mexico commenced in July of 2006.
integrates previously acquired With the addition of E-Octopus VII,
E-Octopus IV and E-Octopus WesternGeco will have acquired
VI phases to further expand the over 3100 OCS blocks of high-
wide-azimuth coverage of the quality Q-Marine wide-azimuth data E-Octopus VII
WesternGeco data library. in the Gulf of Mexico. survey.

TGS Begins the Justice Wide Azimuth Project


Seismic acquisition has
now been initiated on the
Justice Wide Azimuth
(WAZ) 3D project in the
Gulf of Mexico.

The Justice project is a


northeast expansion of the
existing and contiguous
Freedom and Liberty
WAZ projects. The survey
adds more than 7800 km2
of WAZ coverage to the
TGS portfolio and covers
portions of the hydrocarbon
rich areas of Mississippi
Canyon, Viosca Knoll, and
De Soto Canyon.

Acquisition will continue


throughout the first half of
2010 and upon completion
of Justice, TGS will have
more than 27 000 km2 of
WAZ 3D in its data library.

These wide azimuth


projects provide the
industry with modern
seismic imaging covering
the most productive oil
producing area of the
deepwater Gulf of Mexico.
Map of the Justice WAZ
project

36 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Seismic Survey
Ramform Sovereign

Since the first Ramform seismic ves- acquisition and transit speed, 25%
sel sailed out of the yard in May 1995 longer endurance, and 60% higher
its delta shaped design has become a production capacity compared to the
trademark for PGS. rest of the Ramform fleet.

Pemex Survey Thanks to the 40m broad beam and


ultra-stable hull construction PGS
The S-class are easily the most pow-
erful seismic ships in the world, with a
CGGVeritas has been awarded a was able to produce first more and power plant supplying 30,000 horse-
contract by Pemex to acquire and more efficient seismic with ultra wide power. The vessels feature many new
process 75 000 km2 of 3D seismic streamer tows, then better and better innovations, including the world’s first
data offshore Gulf of Mexico. resolution data with the introduction roll compensated helideck, steerable
high density (HD3D) seismic and ever sources, dual workboat capacity and
The program is expected to extend higher streamer counts. unique gear handling systems.
through 2013. Total contract value is
approximately $465 million. Last year, the Ramform Sterling The range of technologies employed
became the latest ship to join the promises to make this the new bench-
The day rate contract includes fleet. Like the Sovereign she is 16 mark for 3D, 4D and wide azimuth
3D and wide-azimuth offshore meters longer than the previous class acquisition – in terms of productivity,
acquisition, onboard and onshore of Ramforms with significantly higher efficiency, safety and data quality
imaging as well as gravity and
magnetic acquisition and processing.
Marine acquisition work will be
performed by the Alizé, a high-end
CGGVeritas vessel equipped with 12 Mid North Sea Palaeozoic Survey
Sercel Sentinel streamers.
PGS has completed processing of a Geoscientists are now undertaking
According to Robert Brunck,
MultiClient 2D GeoStreamer survey an interpretation that will focus on the
Chairman and CEO, of GGVeritas,
that covers the UK Mid North Sea Carboniferous source and maturity, as
High and extends into north-west well as proven and possible hydrocar-
“We are very pleased to have been
offshore Netherlands. bon plays in the region.
chosen for this important contract,
based on our unique portfolio of
The data offers a clearer image of PGS carried out a wide azimuth
technologies and our deep in-country
the deep Paleozoic geology that survey using the Viking and Valiant,
operational experience across all
unlocks the regional understanding, and two additional source vessels.
activities.
structural history and the frontier hy- This acquired more than 10 0002 km
drocarbon potential of this province. of wide azimuth data.
This multi-year project clearly
underlines the confidence Pemex
The survey ties 30 key wells in the Their focus is on the East Breaks area
has in both our technology and our
region, including the recent Exxon/ of the Western Gulf of Mexico, an area
expertise.
Shell “Corbenic” prospect, and gives of growing significance to GoM Ex-
insight into the Breagh Gas Field ploration teams. The survey has been
The award further extends our
play fairway, for those evaluating UK designed to overcome the challenges
leadership position in the high-end
26th Round open acreage. associated with sub-salt imaging.
segment of the market.”

UT3 1Q 2010
37
Seismic Survey

Seismic
Polarcus Nadia Launched
Polarcus Limited took delivery of the
Polarcus Nadia, a modern 12 streamer
3D seismic vessel built to the Ulstein
SX124 design. The vessel was built at
Drydocks World – Dubai in the United
Arab Emirates.

Polarcus Nadia is a purpose-built seismic


vessel incorporating the innovative
Ulstein X-BOW and designed to meet
the exacting specifications for offshore
seismic operations worldwide.
The 88.8m double-hulled vessel
incorporates some of the most recent
developments in maritime systems and is
fitted out with the most advanced seismic
technology commercially available,
including the latest generation Sentinel
solid streamers.

Polarcus Nadia is one of the safest and


most environmentally sound seismic
vessels in the market with diesel-electric
propulsion, high specification catalytic
convertors, DP2 dynamic positioning, and
advanced bilge water cleaning, enabling
the vessel to conform to existing and
envisaged IMO and Class rules and to
comply with the Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
stringent CLEAN-DESIGN and COMF-
V(3) class notations. Polarcus Nadia will
transit to West Africa to commence a
charter for TGS-NOPEC.

The sister vessel Polarcus Asima, was


also recently launched to sea at the
Drydocks World shipyard in the United
Arab Emirates. This is the first of the
SX134 designs with the high class
notation, ICE-1A, enabling her to operate
safely and effectively in the Arctic.

The 92m vessel is purpose built for the


high-end 3D marine seismic market and
capable of towing up to 12 by 8000m
streamers. Like the Polarcus Nadia and
Polarcus Naila, the Polarcus Asima
incorporates many new and innovative
design features designed to maximise
operational performance, improve safety
and comfort, and minimize emissions
to air and water. Polarcus Asima is also
fitted with the latest chemical-free ballast
water treatment system to eliminate
the risk of transporting and introducing
invasive marine species into new
environments. Outfitting of the vessel will
continue at Drydocks World - Dubai with
final delivery scheduled for mid- 2010.

38 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Seismic Survey

The Polarcus Nadia. Photo: Polarcus Limited

UT3 1Q 2010
39
Seismic Survey

Seismic
Ocean Bottom Cable Philippines Seismic
ARGAS, the Saudi Arabian joint The projects will cover an initial BHP Billiton (BHPB). and Otto Energy
venture owned 49% by CGGVeritas 6 0002 km over the next three years and have entered into a seismic acquisition
and 51% by TAQA, has been require operational expertise working and farm-in option agreement with the
awarded two major Ocean Bottom in complex environments, such as SC55 permit in the Philippines with
Cable (OBC) 3D data acquisition producing oil fields and busy shipping
contracts by Saudi Aramco. The two lanes within the Saudi waters of the Gulf Otto will secure seismic services providing
contracts have a combined value of with depths ranging from 20 to 60m. for the commencement of the seismic
around $375 million. acquisition. For its part, BHPB will fund the
ARGAS will mobilise two fully acquisition and processing of a minimum
The first project is scheduled to independent OBC crews equipped with of 1,000 km2 and up to 2,000 km2 of 3D
start in June 2010 and operate for the latest Sercel SeaRay 4C equipment seismic in SC55. Otto has agreed to grant
a period of 18 months while the and recording systems. These fully BHPB exclusivity to review the entire
second is scheduled to run from offshore operations will be managed seismic data base and exercise an option
October 2010 for a period of 24 through a fleet of vessels equipped with to farm-in to SC55.
months; each contract respectively CGGVeritas deployment and positioning
has an 18– and 24–month optional systems geared to operate in such The farm-in option provides BHPB with
extension period. environments. an exclusive right to elect to earn a 60%

Nautilus-Sentinel
CGGVeritas has successfully deployed its Nautilus
acoustic positioning and streamer steering system on
the Alizé, one of its high-end vessels, has dramatically
increased production levels on the first project of the
mega 3D seismic program currently being acquired for
PEMEX in the Gulf of Mexico.

Despite severe winter weather conditions the Alizé, on


its first project of the program, has achieved a one-day
production record of 117 km2 and has significantly
exceeded production targets. This has been supported
by the deployment of 12 Sercel Nautilus-Sentinel
steered solid streamers and the fact that, with a 12 by
8-km by 100-m configuration, the Alizé is towing one
of the largest areal receiver arrays in the industry.

Nautilus has dramatically reduced the infill


requirements through consistent streamer separations
and depth control across the entire spread.

The first project in the PEMEX survey program, known


as Han Sur-Oeste de Tamil, covers a surface area of
12 300 km2 in the Mexican deep waters of the Gulf of
Mexico.

Robert Brunck, Chairman and CEO, CGGVeritas, said:


“The Alizé’s deployment of a combination of advanced
Sercel Sentinel solid streamers and Nautilus is setting
a new benchmark for safer operations, quieter data
and better crew efficiency. We are confident that, with
the Alizé’s clear competitive technological edge and
our advanced imaging capabilities, we will deliver
the lowest-noise and highest-quality data to best
image the subsalt areas being targeted by this survey
program.”
The Alizé high-end seismic vessels

40 UT3 1Q 2010
4D GeoStreamer: The New Standard
A full-scale time-lapse 3D (4D) test and the seismic wavelet, thus also
in the North Sea with a GeoStreamer contributing errors to the 4D signal.
monitor survey over a conventional
streamer baseline survey yielded The PGS dual-sensor GeoStreamer
excellent repeatability that is fully in technology introduces several new
line with industry requirements. parameters into towed streamer
4D projects; the ability to remove
The flexibility of the GeoStreamer all receiver ghost effects prior to
platform was exploited to reconstruct wavefield differencing, the operational
the total pressure field at the and geophysical benefits of towing
acquisition depth of the baseline the streamers very deep (after the
survey prior to 4D comparison. Thus, receiver ghost has been removed),
net participating interest in SC55 through 3D GeoStreamer is fully backwards- and the ability to extrapolate the
funding the drilling of the two deepwater compatible with conventional wavefield to any effective receiver
exploration wells and the reimbursement (hydrophone-only) streamer data for depth for accurate kinematic wavefield
of Otto’s past costs. BHPB will also be 4D differencing, and GeoStreamer differencing.
assigned operatorship in the event that it unequivocally represents the premier
elects to farm in to SC55. If BHBP elects to towed streamer solution for all 2D, 3D PGS has proven the universal data
drill only the first deepwater exploration well and 4D applications. quality benefits of the dual-sensor
then BHBP will transfer back 30% interest GeoStreamer since the first commercial
and operatorship of SC55 to Otto. A time-lapse 3D or “4D” project 2D survey in early-2008. As of October
involves repeat 3D seismic surveys 2009, more than 80 000km of 2D
Otto recently acquired of 600 km of 3D
2
over a producing hydrocarbon and 8500 km2 of 3D data had been
seismic in SC55. These two seismic reservoir, where a change in the acquired worldwide. The final chapter
surveys will allow Otto to establish a physical state of the reservoir has was of course to progress to 4D (time-
comprehensive subsurface understanding occurred because of production. 4D lapse 3D), which was expected to also
of the offshore Palawan permit area and surveys are used to optimise the benefit from the unique characteristics
prospects inventory for future drilling planning of producer and injector well of GeoStreamer:
programmes. placement. The first survey is the
baseline survey, and each successive •Higher signal-to-noise content on
survey is a monitor survey. baseline and monitor GeoStreamer
surveys processed to yield the up-
Ideally, the acquisition geometry going pressure wavefield should
and hardware is repeated exactly improve 4D repeatability.
from survey to survey, as are
environmental conditions, such that •Deep streamer towing (between
any observable 4D signal is derived 15 and 25 m) will be less subject to
entirely from physical changes surface-related noise and current
in the reservoir state. Variations effects that impact receiver spread
in acquisition geometry naturally control, acoustic positioning will have
invoke changes in wave propagation less noise/uncertainty, and there will be
through the Earth, variations in less ambient noise.
target illumination, and variations in
wavefield sampling, and will contribute •The unique ability to independently
errors to the 4D signal. extrapolate the upgoing and down-
going pressure wavefields to any depth
Variations in acquisition hardware in processing allows an unrivalled
and/or environmental conditions ability to match GeoStreamer monitor
will naturally invoke changes in the surveys with conventional baseline
signal-to-noise content, signal fidelity, surveys acquired at different depths.

Mid-offset fold coverage maps for the baseline (left) and monitor (right) surveys. The
result in the middle is the matching baseline and monitor traces after 4D binning. The
bold rectangle in the middle is the full fold area used for various analyses.

UT3 1Q 2010
41
Seismic Survey

Seismic
SeaBird Otto
SeaBird Exploration’s fleet of seismic vessels have a Otto Energy will commence a 3D seismic data acquisition
number of commitments this year. program in SC55. The company plans to acquire 590 km2.
of 3D data in the southwest part of SC55. The programme is
The Munin Explorer has been awarded a contract designed to mature the Hawkeye structure and several other
in the North Sea as a source vessel commencing key leads in the license area.
1st June for 2 months, with an option to extend for
a further 3–4 months. The initial award period, will SC55 covers 9000km2 in the south west Palawan Basin,
generate about US$4.1 million. Philippines. It is located on a regional oil and gas fairway
that extends from the productive Borneo offshore region in
The Osprey Explorer is contracted to work until the the southwest to the offshore Philippines production assets
end March in East India. This survey of approximately northwest of Palawan.
3000 km will generate in the region of US$1.7 million.
A letter of award has been received for a survey in
East Africa of approximately 5,000 km commencing
mid to late April. The vessel to perform this contract
will most likely be the Osprey Explorer. This contract
Sicily
will generate in the region of US$ 4.7 million. Northern Petroleum commenced 3D seismic operations
in the West Sicily thrust belt that will cover four licenses -
Continuing a successful series of projects in G.R17.NP, G.R20.NP, G.R21.NP and G.R22.NP. A total of
Australia that began late October 2009, the Aquila up to 1520km2 of 3D seismic data will be acquired in these
Explorer has entered into a contract with the licenses with the survey expected to last approximately
state of Victoria through the for the acquisition of two months.
approximately 7400km 2D marine seismic data
within the Southern Flanks of the offshore Gippsland The aim of the survey is to obtain a better quality, and
Basin, South-eastern Australia, and covering the more complete, definition of the encouraging structures
2009 released Greenhouse Gas Storage blocks identified by the two previous 2D seismic campaigns, and
(Gipps-01 to Gipps-03). firm up prospects for drilling.

The vessel will then return to South-east Asia where The seismic acquisition has been contracted to Petroleum
she has been awarded contracts to undertake Geo-Services and the 3D data is being acquired using
approximately 4000 km of 2D acquisition over two the vessel M/V Atlantic Explorer using GeoStreamer
areas in the Song Hong Basin. technology to enhance resolution.

The Munin Explorer

42 UT3 1Q 2010
UT3 1Q 2010
43
Subsea Equipment

Trees
Shallow Water Tree
GE Oil and Gas has designed a new vehicle (ROV) intensive,” said Bryson. traditionally extending horizontally to
subsea tree specifically for use in “The area is characterised by very allow contact with the ROV tooling, the
shallow waters. Called the VetcoGray strong currents, and it is, therefore, junction plate on the SVXT is turned
shallow vertical Xmas tree (SVXT), often necessary to wait until slack tide 90deg to point upwards. This allows
it is the first of the S-series of next before putting an ROV or diver in the a specialised skid incorporating smart
generation designs with the follow- water. Unfortunately, the slack tide can tools to be lowered from the surface, in
up, aimed at the deepwater sector, last for only 20 mins and occurs every order to carry out the intervention work
being unveiled next May. six hours.” that would previously be done with the
ROV.
“The new SVXT subsea tree An ROV can move 2–3kts but the
merges horizontal and vertical tree current itself may have a lateral The assembly is run on guidewires and
technology, reducing weight by 20%, movement of 2kts. It requires latches on to the appropriate port. After
decreasing height to make a fishing- considerable expertise for the ROV the intervention, the skid is retrieved to
friendly structure and delivering pilot just to maintain location, let alone the surface. The advantage of this is
essential functionality in a pre- performing the work. that it improves diver safety and can be
engineered, pre-configured modular carried out regardless of weather.
way,” said Willie Bryson, lead product Drilling operations in shallow waters
manager of the S-series. are typically carried out by jack-up rigs, In removing ROVs, their primary
however, their design often leaves observation function must be carried
In designing the tree, the little space to accommodate a diving out using an alternative method.
engineers at VetcoGray particularly spread. Some even find it difficult This prompted VetcoGray to install
concentrated on the high cost areas to facilitate the much smaller ROV a number of sacrificial cameras and
of installation and intervention. spreads. The engineers at VetcoGray, high intensity light sources at strategic
therefore, came up with an ingenious places, with their output relayed to the
“In the shallow waters of the solution. surface in real time.
southern North Sea, installation
is very diver and remote operated Instead of the subsea controls “A video image is vital,” said Bryson.
“When we land and lock the Christmas
tree, the structure often kicks up a
lot of silt. We must be able to confirm
that the indicator rod has moved to
the correct position and confirm the
connection has been made.

“Traditionally, we would have employed


a small observation ROV. These
cameras on the main tree connector
lock/unlock, and another of the flowline
connector sends a signal to the surface
to give the operator confidence that it
is safe to perform an overpull to give
a the second confirmation that tree is
locked.

“Another weather dependent


operation is the installation of the trees
themselves,” said Bryson. “A lot of
the time, the trees weigh over 20t and
have to be keelhauled, the practice of
lifting them directly off the back of the
supply boat and installing them.

“We realised that if we can minimise


the tree weight, we might be able to
VetcoGray‘s shallow vertical xmas tree

44 UT3 1Q 2010
Subsea Equipment
Jack and St Malo
Cameron has received an order worth in excess of $230 million for
the supply of subsea production systems for Stage 1 of Chevron’s Jack
and St Malo subsea developments in the Gulf of Mexico.

The project will include twelve 15 000psi subsea trees, production control
systems, four manifolds and associated connection systems engineering
and project management services. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in
the third quarter of 2011 and continue through the second quarter of 2013.

install it by a normal jack-up crane


and that will cut down on time waiting Snorre
on weather. One area that VetcoGray FMC Technologies has signed an agreement with Statoil for the
looked into to minimise weight was design and supply of subsea equipment to support its Snorre field in
by removing one of the valves. the North Sea.

“Traditionally, a subsea tree normally The award will result in approximately


has a manual master valve, $40 million in revenue to
production master and production FMC Technologies.
swab valve. In the SVXT design,
we removed the manual master FMC’s scope of supply includes 10
valve, kept the production hydraulic production risers, tieback connectors and
master valve but also removed the installation tools. The equipment will be
production swab valve,” said Bryson. engineered and manufactured at FMC’s
“In doing so, we replaced the swab facilities in Houston, Texas and Kongsberg,
valve and tree cap with double Norway. Deliveries are scheduled to
barrier crown plugs. commence in 2011.

“This layout saves the capital cost of “Statoil recently announced a modifica-
the tree cap as well as its installation tion programme on the Snorre field that is
time. A unique valve arrangement designed to extend the field’s productive
on the tree annulus providing the lifespan through 2040,” said Tore Halvors-
necessary barriers. This design en, FMC’s senior vice president of Global
effectively merges horizontal and Subsea Production Systems. The Snorre field
vertical tree technology together.”

Another way that the designers


achieved a reduced weight was to
improve the balance of the tree.
Petrobras
FMC Technologies has signed a four-year subsea tree frame agreement
“ It is important that the tree is with Petrobras in a $400 million contract. FMC’s scope of supply
reasonably level when mating with includes the manufacture of up to 107 subsea trees and related tools
the wellhead when lowered from designed for use offshore Brazil in water depths of 6500ft (2000m). All
the surface,” said Bryson. “This is systems and equipment will be engineered and manufactured at FMC’s
traditionally accomplished by adding facility in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Deliveries are scheduled to commence
counterweights to keep the tree at an in 2012.
even angle.
Prior to this agreement, Petrobras had awarded more than 300 subsea
“In the XT tree, we have used trees to FMC’s operations in Brazil.
design tools that allow us to
calculate centres of gravity of the
various modules. By ergonomic
positioning of components, for Angola
example by placing the pod in such FMC has signed an agreement with FMC’s scope of supply includes
a position to balance the choke, Total Exploration and Production the manufacture of subsea
fewer counterweights are required Angola for the manufacture and trees, controls and associated
to achieve a unit balance. In the supply of subsea production equipment. The systems will be
design, we used less than 300lbs of equipment. The award has a value of manufactured and assembled at
counterweights. approximately $65 million in revenue FMC’s facilities in Dunfermline,
to FMC Technologies. Scotland; Kongsberg, Norway;
The result is a tree weighing around and Luanda, Angola.
15t complete with a modpod subsea The equipment will support Total
control module which is the lightest Angola’s Block 17 development, Deliveries are scheduled to
of its type on the market. located offshore Angola, West Africa. commence early 2011.

UT3 1Q 2010
45
Pipelines

Flowlines and

Pipelines
Tiffany and Banff
Subsea engineering and Subsea 7’s Vice President for The Tiffany field is located in Block
construction company Subsea the UK Region, Steph McNeill 16/17 and the Banff field is located
7, has been awarded a contract commented: in Blocks 22/27a & 29/2a in the UK
for installation of replacement sector of the North Sea.
subsea control modules (SCMs) “I am pleased that Subsea 7 has
and flexibles jumpers at CNR been awarded another North Sea
International Limited’s Tiffany and contract and we look forward to
Banff oil and gas fields, in the UK delivering this project in a safe and
sector of the North Sea. timely manner for CNR over the next
few weeks.”
The Subsea 7 workscope involves
investigation and rectification
works at the Tiffany field and the
installation of replacement SCMs
and flexible jumpers at both the
Banff and Toni fields.

Offshore work has commenced


and is being performed by Subsea
7’s dive support vessel (DSV), the
Rockwater 1

Rockwater 1 in Aberdeen harbour

46 UT3 1Q 2010
Appaloosa
Technip has been awarded a lump Technip’s operating centre in
sum contract by ENI US, operator for Houston will execute this contract.
the Appaloosa development project The flowline and riser will be welded
in the Gulf of Mexico. This consists at the group’s spoolbase located in
of the tieback of the Appaloosa Mobile.
well located in Mississippi Canyon,
268km (145 nautical miles) offshore Offshore installation is scheduled to
Mobile, Alabama at a water depth of be completed in the fourth quarter of
approximately 860m (2825ft), to the 2009 using the Deep Blue, Technip’s
Corral platform. deepwater pipelay vessel.

The contract covers Extensive saturation diving work


• Project management and surveys will be executed using the diving
• Engineering, fabrication and support vessel Skandi Achiever. The
installation of a 34km (21 mile) umbilical installation will be carried
production flowline, a riser and out using the Deep Pioneer, one of
subsea equipment Technip’s deepwater construction
• Installation of free-issued umbilical vessel.
and flying leads,
• Pre-commissioning and dewatering Technip’s scope of work is expected
of the flowline. to be completed by April 2010.

Ula
BP Norge has awarded Aker the DONG operated Oselvar field to
Solutions a NOK 450 million BP’s Ula platform for processing. The
engineering, procurement, oil will be processed at the platform.
construction and installation (EPCI) The gas will either be reinjected or
contract for a tie-back from Oselvar exported via pipeline to Gyda and
to the Ula platform. Aker Solutions Ekofisk facilities. The Ula platform is
estimates the contract value to be located in the southwest area of the
approximately. North Sea, at approximately 70m water
depth. The Ula field has recently been
Scope of work includes engineering, upgraded with water- and gas injection
procurement, fabrication of module equipment, which allows it to take on
and other minor components, production from several other fields in
installation offshore and the area.
commissioning assistance. The
execution phase is based on a front The EPCI contract is a call-off from the
end engineering design (FEED) Modifications & Maintenance Support
study performed by Aker Solutions. Contract with BP Norge AS. Work
under the contract starts immediately
The object of the tie-back operation and the project will be completed in
is to transport oil and gas 24km from November 2011.

Bonga
Saipem has been awarded a production facilities.
new offshore contract worth over
US$ 200 million for the subsea The contract also includes the
development of the Bonga North- installation of 15km of umbilicals.
West field, located in the Oil Mining
Lease (OML) 118, approximately Bonga North-West is located in
120km off the Nigerian coast. approximately 900 to 1200m of
water, and will be developed with
The contract has been awarded by 12 subsea wells tied back into the
Shell Nigeria, and encompasses Bonga main infrastructure.
engineering, procurement,
fabrication, installation and pre- Marine activities will be carried out
commissioning services for 13km mainly by Saipem FDS and Saipem
of 10in/12in production pipe-in- 3000 vessels, in different time-frames
pipe flowlines, 4km of 12in water between the second half of 2012 and
injection flowlines as well as related the last quarter of 2013

UT3 1Q 2010
47
Pipelines

Flowlines and

Pipelines
CWLH Scana Forgings
Technip and Subsea 7 have been awarded Scana has been awarded contract Norwegian continental shelf. The
a subsea installation contract by Woodside to deliver finished machined field is operated by Statoil and the
Energy, for the Cossack Wanaea Lambert riser forgings to FMC through its production risers are part of their
Hermes (CWLH) redevelopment project in subsidiary Scana Subsea. The replacement programme.
Western Australia. high pressure production risers
are intended for the Snorre TLP The scope includes forging and
The overall CWLH redevelopment project in the Greater Snorre Area on the machining of production riser joints
involves the replacement of the oil-producing
Cossack Pioneer floating production storage
and offloading (FPSO) facility, located
offshore in the Carnarvon Basin, as well
as the refurbishment of associated subsea
infrastructure. First Project for Normand Subsea
The Technip and Subsea 7 contract
consisting in the refurbishment of associated Subsea 7’s new state-of-the-art remotely operated vehicle support
subsea infrastructure covers: vessel (ROVSV), the Normand Subsea, has commenced her first project
for Shell in the Ormen Lange field in the Norwegian sector of the North
l Project management, Sea.
l Recovery of three risers and installation
of three replacement risers, The life of field vessel will be utilised exclusively to service the long-
l Installation of 20km of flowlines, term underwater services contract Subsea 7 holds with Shell Entities,
l Riser base rectification works, and operating in Europe, for inspection, repair and maintenance programmes
l Pre-commissioning assistance. and for some of Shell’s capital projects and decommissioning works,
across its offshore fields and facilities. The Normand Subsea’s first
The project team is based in Technip’s office workscope at Ormen Lange includes template and pipeline inspections
in Perth, Western Australia. The flowlines and ship wreck surveys.
and risers have been manufactured in Le
Trait, France, one of Technip’s flexible pipe Investment in the Normand Subsea is part of an ongoing capital
plants. Offshore installation is scheduled investment programme of over US $1bn in new assets and equipment
to start in the fourth quarter of 2010 using which will see eight new vessels joining the existing Subsea 7 fleet
the Venturer, a construction vessel from between 2006 and 2010.
Technip’s fleet and the Nor Australis diving
support vessel contracted to Woodside. Steph McNeill, Vice President for Subsea 7’s UK region, stated:

“The Normand Subsea is a fantastic enhancement to one of the most


modern, technologically advanced and capable fleets of subsea
Jubilee construction, pipelay and support vessels in the world. Our significant
Oilfield company Weatherford has been investment programme demonstrates our commitment to delivering
awarded a contract by Technip for pre- best in class services for our clients, investing for the long-term and
commissioning and commissioning services becoming the Subsea Partner of Choice in our sector. We look forward
on the Jubilee field development project off to working with Shell in the safe and timely delivery of the various work
Ghana. scopes this vessel will be undertaking for them over the next few years.”

The contract covers the pigging of The vessel, which is on long-term charter from Solstad Offshore, has a
production, water and gas injection flowlines, unique combination of capabilities that include: a fully enclosed hangar;
hydrostatic testing of the flowlines, riser and built in 35t module handling system (upgradeable to 65t); 150t heave
jumpers, as well as de-watering of the gas compensated crane; an extensive spread of two work class ROVs
injection system, said Weatherford. During and four observation class ROVs all equipped for 1200metre depths;
installation and post installation Weatherford a hull with five moonpools; a well treatment system and an extensive
will also perform electrical and pressure online and offline survey suite. It also has on-board facilities for a ship’s
monitoring and testing of the umbilicals complement of 90 people.
from the floating production storage and
offloading vessel. The Shell Underwater Services Contract is the continuation of an
ongoing long-term relationship between Subsea 7 and Shell which
Weatherford will use the Denizen subsea commenced in 1984 with one of Subsea 7’s predecessor companies.
pipeline commissioning system on this
project, which will be the first deployment of
such technology in Ghana.

48 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Pipelines
for ten riser systems and additional spare from 4th quarter 2010 to 2012 in major contract for Scana Subsea,
components, and an option for additional batch deliveries. The contract will which was formed to strengthen
riser systems. The contract value for the first also involve subsidiary Scana Steel our efforts towards the riser market
ten riser systems is US $9.4 million. . Björneborg. within oil and gas. The award
order recognises Scana material
Manufacturing is planned to start CEO in Scana Industrier ASA, Rolf knowledge combined with our plant
immediately and deliveries will commence Roverud, said, “This is the first capabilities.”

UT3 1Q 2010
49
Pipelines

Flowlines and

Pipelines

The Orelia, which will be used on Broom

Broom
Technip has been awarded a The contract covers the design, will execute the contract, scheduled to
lump sum contract by Lundin, fabrication and installation of a pipe- be completed late this year.
worth approximately €21 million, in-pipe production flowline, which will
for an augmentation pipeline at be trenched and backfilled. The work The pipelines will be welded at
the Broom field in the UK North also includes a subsea structure, Technip’s Spoolbase in Evanton,
Sea. Located 320km north-east of spoolpiece tie-ins, repositioning of Scotland. Two vessels from the Technip
Aberdeen, Scotland, the field is tied a flexible riser and rockdumping for fleet will be used for the offshore
back to Heather Alpha. The new upheaval buckling. installation campaign: the Orelia diving
augmentation pipeline will extend the support vessel and the Apache II
existing Broom subsea infrastructure. Technip’s operating centre in Aberdeen pipelay vessel.

Nord Stream Bend Stiffener Installation


Nord Stream AG has received the for Southern Finland (former Western First Subsea completed the installation
last of the permits required to start Finland Permit Authority) approved of four diverless bend stiffeners for
constructing its 1223km natural gas Nord Stream’s detailed plans to risers and umbilicals on submerged
pipeline through the Baltic Sea. The construct, operate and maintain its gas turret loading (STL) buoys for the
Finnish Water Permit complements the pipeline along a 374km route. Neptune deep water project north and
earlier permit granted by the Finnish south, off the Massachusetts coast.
Government for the Nord Stream The Nord Stream consortium plans
consortium to use Finnish waters. to start transporting gas in late 2011. The STL buoys will be used for
When completed in 2012, Nord mooring liquefied natural gas (LNG)
The consortium plans to start Stream’s twin pipelines will be able to regasification vessels at the offshore
construction in April 2010 as it has transport 55 billion m3 of gas a year processing, Neptune deep water
also already received all the permits from Russia to Germany, where it will port. The bend stiffeners, supplied by
required by the four other countries join the European energy grid. Trelleborg Offshore, are connected
through whose territorial waters or using First Subsea diverless bend
Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) the Gazprom has already signed long-term stiffener connectors (DBSC). The
pipeline will pass -– namely Russia, contracts to supply 20 billion m3 of gas buoy was pre-fitted with female
Sweden, Denmark and Germany. to customers in EU countries including DBSC connectors to which the
Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, male connectors with the risers and
The Regional Administrative Agency Belgium, France and the UK. umbilicals were installed.

50 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Pipelines
NCS
NCS Survey has been awarded a major survey contract
by Saipem for pipelay support during the inshore phase
of the Nord Stream pipeline project, two gas pipelines
linking Russia with the European Union via the Baltic
Sea. The contract is valued at €2m to €3m and will
commence in the middle of the year.

Andy Gray, NCS Survey Chief Executive, said “We are


delighted that Saipem has embraced this innovative
technology, which gives them a high accuracy solution at
an economic price.”

The sonar actively tracks the pipe catenary during lay


operations using the unique beam steering capability
embedded in our TDM software. It enables the
contractor to know exactly where the pipe is laid in real-
time and thereby minimises the risk when laying near
any subsea structures or other live pipelines even when
there is zero visibility.

In deeper water, TDM transducers can be mounted on


an ROV giving it the capability of monitoring touchdown
in poor visibility or from 50m away.

Burullus Asiaflex Auk Burghley


Technip has been awarded Technip has been awarded by China Technip has been awarded two
a €65 million lump sum National Offshore Oil Corporation engineering, procurement and
engineering, procurement, (CNOOC) a flexible pipe supply installation contracts by Talisman,
installation and construction contract for the Lufeng 13-1/13- worth in excess of €40 million, for
(EPIC) contract by Burullus Gas 2 oil fields, located in the South the development of the Auk North
Company SAE for the West China Sea. Technip’s operating and Burghley fields. The fields
Delta Deep Marine (WDDM) center in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, will be tied back to Talisman’s
Phase VII development project. will execute this contract, which Fulmar A platform and the Premier
includes the engineering and supply Oil-operated Balmoral Floating
The project is designed to of a 6in riser, a mid water arch and Production Vessel respectively.
maintain overall plateau a 6in flowline.
production for the WDDM The Auk North contract covers the
Concession, located 95km Manufacturing of the flexible pipes fabrication and installation of a
offshore Egypt in the will commence in the third quarter production pipeline, the installation
Mediterranean. 2010 after completion of the factory of an umbilical*, a power cable and
qualification trials. Delivery is subsea equipment.
Technip’s operating center in planned for February 2011.
Oslo, Norway, will execute this The Burghley contract covers
contract with assistance from This award marks an important fabrication and installation of
the Group’s team in Cairo, milestone for Technip, as it will be a production pipeline and a
Egypt. It covers turnkey delivery the first contract for commercial gas lift pipeline, as well as the
of the tie-in structure between manufacture in its new flexible pipe installation of an umbilical and
a new gas export pipeline and plant, Asiaflex Products, located subsea structures. Both contracts
two existing pipelines, including in the Tanjung Langsat industrial include pre-commissioning and
“hot tap tie-ins” that allows complex in Malaysia. commissioning support.
the work to be carried out
without stopping the ongoing Built to cater to the expanding Technip’s operating center in
production. Asia Pacific market and growing Aberdeen, Scotland will execute the
demand for deepwater solutions contracts, which are scheduled to
Offshore installation is in the region, Asiaflex Products commence in the field in the second
scheduled for the fourth quarter will have the capacity to produce quarter of 2010. The pipelines will
of 2010 using the Wellservicer, a 200km of flexible flowlines, risers be welded at Technip’s spoolbase in
vessel from Technip’s fleet. and umbilicals per year. Evanton, Scotland.

UT3 1Q 2010
51
Pipelines
O F F S H O R E

Pipelines
Helix Energy Solutions Group (ESG) has taken delivery of a new
deepwater pipelay vessel. The Caesar departed the shipyard in
China in November 2009 for the Gulf of Mexico to join the company’s
subsea construction fleet.

Caesar is a dynamically positioned (DP2) pipelay vessel, capable of


laying large diameter concrete coated pipelines in shallow water and
up to 24in diameter pipelines in deep waters.

Caesar’s onboard pipeline manufacturing capability facilitates pipelay


operations without dedicated onshore infrastructure, making her a
cost-effective option in remote areas versus reeled pipelay vessels.
In addition, her 300t crane and 450t A-frame are well suited for
deepwater installation of inline manifolds and terminals.

“The S-lay Caesar will increase the options available to operators


who are planning major deepwater subsea construction projects,”
said Helix ESG’s chief operating officer Bart Heijermans. “We are
very pleased with the performance of the vessel and believe she
will be an attractive choice for our customers because of her unique
capabilities and competitive cost structure.”

Caesar completed transit, joining the Intrepid and Express reeled

Hail Caesar
pipelay vessels.

Length 146m
Transit Speed 13kts
Tension 405t
A and R winch 405t
Pipe Diameter 4–36in
Storage Capacity 10 000t
Firing line stations 8
Stinger Length 90m
Main Crane 300t
A-Frame 450t
Accommodation 210

52 UT3 1Q 2010
.....
Asgard Gas Transfer Bonga
Statoil has awarded Technip a Saipem has been awarded an offshore procurement, fabrication, installation
€23 million engineering, procurement, contract worth over US$ 200 million for and pre-commissioning services for
construction and installation lump the subsea development of the Bonga 13km of 10in/12in production pipe-in-
sum contract for the Åsgard gas north-west field, approximately 120km pipe flowlines and 4km of 12in water
transfer project. off the Nigerian coast in 900 to 1200m injection flowlines. The contract also
of water. It will be developed with 12 includes the installation of 15km of
The contract covers fabrication and subsea wells tied back into the Bonga umbilicals.
installation of a 4km rigid flowline main infrastructure.
this year and the replacement of two Marine activities will be carried out
flexible risers in 2011. The contract, for Shell Nigeria, mainly by Saipem FDS and
encompasses engineering, Saipem 3000 vessels.
The contract will be executed by the
group’s operating centre in Oslo,
Norway. The flowline will be fabricated
at the Technip spoolbase in Orkanger,
Casablanca
while installation will be performed by Repsol has awarded Techip a lump Technip will also install a pumping
the newly converted Apache II. The sum contract for the development of manifold, umbilicals and flying leads
marine operations in 2011 will be from two fields, 50km off the coast of Spain. provided by the client.
the Skandi Arctic.
Technip’s scope includes engineering, The project is located in a fishing
supply, installation and pre- area. To protect fishing lines, the
CWLH commissioning of the 11km flexible
pipeline system that will connect two
flexible pipelines and umbilicals
will therefore be trenched. Offshore
Subsea 7 and Technip have been
production wells to the Casablanca installation is scheduled to be carried

r
awarded a subsea installation contract
platform. This pipeline will include a out in the first half of 2011, using the
by Woodside Energy for the Cossack
riser, a flowline and two jumpers. Deep Constructor.
Wanaea Lambert Hermes (CWLH)
redevelopment project in Western
Australia.
PNG LNG for Saipem
The CWLH redevelopment project ExxonMobil awarded Saipem the point located near the capital town of
involves the replacement of the oil- contract for the Papua New Guinea Port Moresby, on the southeastern
producing Cossack Pioneer and the liquefied natural gas (LNG) offshore coast of the country where a new
refurbishment of associated subsea pipeline project EPC2. The project LNG plant will be located.
infrastructure. is part of ExxonMobil PNG LNG
project to develop gas and liquid Maximum water depth along the
The contract covers project manage- hydrocarbon resources located in the route is approximately 100m.
ment, recovery of three risers and in- southern highlands of Papua New Marine operations will be carried out
stallation of three replacement risers, Guinea with an LNG exporting facility by Semac 1 offshore vessel. The
installation of 20km of flowlines, in Caution Bay, near Port Moresby. activities will be completed in the
riser base rectification works and third quarter of 2012.
pre-commissioning assistance. The scope of work will consist of
the engineering, transportation and In Vietnam, Saipem has been
installation of a 407km, 34in gas awarded the contract for the
Schiehallion sealine, connecting the Omati River Chim Sao platform and pipelines
landfall point on the southern coast of project by PTSC Mechanical and
Technip has been awarded two Papua New Guinea, to the onshore Construction.
contracts by BP for its Schiehallion
development, 175km west of the
Shetland Islands.
Borealis
The first, which was recently Acergy has acquired the Borealis a range of support systems and
completed, covered the design and pipelay vessel currently being built at construction equipment for worldwide
manufacture of a 720m (2400ft) gas- Singapore’s Sembawang Shipyard. deepwater and harsh environment
lift flexible riser and a 770m (2500ft) operations.
water-injection flexible riser. The DP3 (dynamic positioning) vessel
is equipped with a 5000t crane. Acergy Final completion and operational
The second contract covers the plans to install a 1000t J-Lay delivery of the ship is scheduled for
installation of these risers, as well as tower and state-of-the-art 600t S-Lay 2012. Total costs, upon delivery, are
pre-commissioning, tie-ins and testing. equipment. It will also be fitted with expected to be less than $500m.

UT3 1Q 2010
53
Pipelines

Pipelines
Girassol Pipeline Repair
Subsea 7 has successfully The PRS system has a set of
completed the Girassol Pipeline permanent equipment such as
Repair Project for Total Exploration the spool deployment frame,
and Production, Angola. rigid spool piece, end connection
skids and two mechanical pipeline
The project was an entirely diverless connectors, together with a suite of
pipeline repair in 1350m water ROV deployed or operated tools for
depth and was based on a technical preparing and aligning the pipeline
design competition issued by Total prior to the connector installation.
which resulted in Subsea 7 being
awarded the contract for the design, The project management and
manufacture, testing and operation engineering was performed at
of a new deepwater pipeline repair Subsea 7’s office in Aberdeen, and
system (PRS). the in-country works supported
from Subsea 7’s facilities in
The system would then be used Luanda.
on the repair of a damaged 12in
water injection pipeline in the The offshore operation comprised
Girassol field. Girassol is located two separate phases. In the first,
approximately 210km north-west the permanent works equipment
Spool overboarding
of Luanda, in water depth of was installed on the seabed at the
approximately 1350m. damage location.
In the second phase, the ends of
the damaged pipeline were lifted,
prepared and aligned before the
mechanical connectors were
installed, set and tested with
annulus tests onto the previously
installed spool piece.

Final confirmation of the repair


was achieved by a pipeline leak
test from the Girassol floating
production, storage and offloading
(FPSO) vessel, which was
completed in December 2009.

Graham Sharland, Subsea 7’s chief


operating officer – Africa Region,
said, “We are delighted to have
successfully completed this major
pipeline repair project for Total.

The Girassol repair represents


another milestone in deepwater
intervention. The solution,
developed in-house by Subsea 7,
has the potential to be used in a
range of life-of-field applications as
the equipment and technology is
fully transferable. We look forward
to many successful similar projects.”

Pipeline repair system set up to


simulate the connection of the pipeline
to repair spool
Girassol Pipeline Repair Project

54 UT3 1Q 2010
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Pipe Measurement
UK-based specialist measurement technology
company Optical Metrology Services (OMS) has
successfully completed a six-week pipe inspection
study for BP Exploration in the Plutão, Saturno,
Vênus and Marte (PSVM) deepwater development
in Angola. The work was carried out on behalf
of Technip, prime contractor for the design,
procurement, fabrication and installation of the water
and gas injection flowlines for the Block 31 URF 2
programme workscope.

The contract, worth more than £650 000, required


OMS to carry out an initial sample survey of pipe
ends, followed by the detailed laser dimensional
inspection, sorting and marking of more than
12 000 pipe ends including critical, fatigue-sensitive,
flowline sections. Pipeline measurement tooling

As well as helping the customer to better implement end and then marked these with a calibration block group
the pipe end fit-up process and fatigue HiLo code. This sorting process enabled the most round pipes to be
strengths, the study also ensured that the customer’s allocated to the more critical sections of the pipeline. Identifying
pipe welding time and counter-bore crew costs were and marking pipe ends in this way ensured the least possible
minimised. disruption to Technip’s fit-up process. The customer now has
the basis for the fit-up of pipes to BP’s specification and HiLo
OMS worked closely with Technip’s local subsidiary fatigue strengths.
in Angola, Angoflex Ltda. The Block 31 deepwater
oilfield covers an area of 5300km2 and lies in water “The accurate fit-up of fatigue-sensitive pipes is a highly critical
depths of between 1500m and 2500m. factor when it comes to welding the pipe ends together. Not
managing these issues can lead to delays in production and to
Richard Gooch, director of technology at OMS weld problems, which in turn, can lead to stress concentrations
commented: “OMS engineers measured every pipe in that region or expensive cut-outs and rework.”

UT3 1Q 2010
55
Pipelines

Pipelines
Active Pipeline Supports – Adjusting for
Engineering pipelines, spools and improvements, there is a limited gain.
their terminations has long been a As a result, one is now experiencing
challenging field for the subsea oil ever more stringent installation
industry. Tie-in tools and termination tolerances and a significant increase in
solutions have evolved over the the amount of engineering and analysis
years as a result of experience and hours put in to projects.
development of new technology;
hence the boundaries of what’s As designs are pushed closer to these
achievable have been pushed limits, a demand for increased control
forward. Some lessons learned of loads and moments in the pipeline
have had great impact on improving and tie-in points emerges in order to
designs, for instance HISC problems not surpass the capacities present.
in high-alloy flanges. During pipeline and spool installation,
the loads and moments present vary
The constant search to achieve significantly, as the different phases of
simplified and more cost effective the installation is conducted.
solutions with greater flexibility and
enhanced capacities has pushed A typical installation sequence is known
the limits continuously. However, it to consist of the following phases;
has emerged that the limits can’t be temporary lay down, pipeline flooding,
pushed indefinitely on all areas. termination to structure, pressure
testing, pipeline pigging, MEG-filling
It has reached a point where and production.
the margins are starting to
narrow themselves. The load Analyses performed by Nemo
capabilities of pipeline steel, for Engineering indicate changes in
instance, have definite limits and hub moments for a specific pipeline
even though research and new termination point to fluctuate within
material technology bring forward a range of 800 kNm throughout an

installation scenario as indicated previously.


Designing termination points with capacity
for these load alternations proves to be a
challenge.

Long term effects such as settlements,


seabed erosion and alteration in pipeline
weight due to corrosion are all dynamic
factors evolving slowly. yet inevitably
changing the load scenario within the
pipeline.

There are basically two ways to approach


these challenges; design the pipeline and
termination with capacities large enough
to handle the total expectance of long term
effects or readjust the pipeline at some
given point in order to correct for any
APS Solution for pipelines on the Pluto Field in NW Australia deviations which have developed.

56 UT3 1Q 2010
.....
the Future by Ronny Haldorsen
Project Manager, Nemo Engineering AS

The challenge with the first approach termination point offers a possibility to
is that it will lead to pipelines and control the loads in the pipeline through
terminations which are in fact over the entire lifecycle of the pipeline
dimensioned for the design load which and increases the capacity of the
again will contribute to enhance the termination points. One gains control
loads. In addition, one will have to over free spans and reduces the risk of
sacrifice some capacity of the pipeline fatigue in the pipeline and connected
and termination for the purpose of components such as valves.
arresting the loads present.
Active Pipeline Supports (APS)
Applying the optional approach, the is a solution developed by Nemo
pipeline and tied-in structures can be Engineering in order to face the
monitored over time, and deviations challenges related to pipeline tie-in
can be accounted for and corrected points and pipeline life cycle load
for when the time is deemed right. alterations. APS with 20in pipeline installed on the
The positive gain with this approach is Pluto Field NW Australia
that pipeline, termination and structure The APS system also offer a solution
design can be optimised. to previously undetectable problems
during the design phase or problems
Pipeline load alternations due to due to unknown factors apparent at
changes in well stream are another a later stage in pipeline life, without
‘unknown’ factor, which by now installing additional equipment subsea.
means can be regarded as static It is a robust yet flexible solution.
when designing a pipeline system.
The industry has come a long way If Active Pipeline Supports are
predicting well production based on accounted for in early design stages,
geotechnical surveys, sample drilling, design solutions with direct pipeline
4D seismic and so far; however it is still tie-in eliminating spools entirely are
in fact a best prediction. achievable.

No one can say for sure how a well will APS Technology APS Solutions Pre installed on spool
play in 10-20 years. The exact amounts
for the Kristin field in the North Sea
of water, oil or gas produced will be The development of the APS
uncertain factors as for the amount of technology has resulted in two types of
injected glycol necessary or the extent designs. The Second type there is a ROV
of pigging activities. Are flooding of gas operated type which is designed
producing pipelines and spools due to The first type is a self adjusting APS primarily for pipelines and is pre
backflow during production stops taken which can be pre- or post installed. installed. This type is a robust
into account when pipeline loads are This type is primarily intended for construction with load bearing
determined in the design basis? spools and smaller pipelines. The APS capacities ranging from 0–60 tons or
can be attached to the pipeline during more.
These are all factors that need to be installation and be installed as an
regarded as vital when determining integrated part of the pipeline. Subsea These are designed for all seabed
the load scenario for the pipelines life it will be connected to a pre-charged conditions ranging from compact rock
cycle, and they are by no means static hydraulic unit. dumping to transverse sloping soft clay.
occurrences. Evidently static solutions Vertical adjustment of the pipeline is
can not be regarded as a favorable These APS’s are self adjusting and the standard feature and transverse
method of choice when designing will correct load alternations in the adjustment of pipeline as an option.
pipeline systems and supporting pipeline as they occur. For long term
structures for a long term life cycle purposes they can be locked of and left The APS is operated by ROV equipped
purpose, hence a new approach is as a permanent support. This concept with HPU and torque tool. Standard API
called for. offer the opportunity to regain control Class 4 or 7 interfaces are preferred
on loads in existing pipelines and depending on pipeline loads. These
Reviewing a pipeline system it is spools and further more enables one APS’s weigh between 17 and 44t
evident that introducing an adjustable to perform future corrections without depending on soil interface and
support for the pipeline prior to the installing additional equipment. pipeline loads designed for.

UT3 1Q 2010
57
Pipeline Analysis for APS purposes
Data from pipeline free span analyses performed by Nemo
Engineering AS on a 20in pipeline laid across an APS prior
to entering a flowline termination assembly supports the
benefits of applying an APS solution in a pipeline system.

The results indicate variations in hub moments in the


range of 0, 800kNm for a pipeline without an APS solution.
Introducing an APS in the system at a given location in
the freespan prior to the termination with a fixed height will
improve the results significantly. Hub moment variations are
reduced to be within the range of -100, 250kNm.

However if the APS is adjusted actively throughout the


different phases of the pipeline installation the hub moment
variations are reduced to be within the range of 0, 80kNm.
As a result the hub moment variations are reduced by
720kNm, which should be considered as a significant
improvement. The graph displays how the changes in hub
moments are distributed for all three cases mentioned. Ormen Lange APS

Moments at pipeline termination point © Nemo engineering

Future demands and challenges


The factors addressed results in limitations contradicting the
demand for ever larger and longer pipelines in continuously
deeper waters. Traditionally dredging, rock dumping and Shipping of the Pluto APS
sandbagging have been the method of choice in order to
optimize the pipeline route.

The oil and gas industry is heading into deeper and


environmentally more challenging waters with ever larger
distances from shore. Consequently the traditional methods
like rock dumping and sandbagging are no longer suitable
as they are too time consuming and require specialized
equipment and vessels to be mobilized. For the very same
reason access for intervention and corrective operations on
pipelines will be limited.

As pipelines increase in size the benefits of being able to


control moments and loads will become even more evident.
The APS system provide a cost optimal solution for pipelines
by means of reduced structure sizes, reduced demand for
spools, reduced demand for rock dumping and optimized
installation of pipelines i.e. reduced installation time.
Utilizing an APS system means that the pipeline can be
easily accessed with a minor vessel with WROV spread
and adjusted during installation, tie-in operations and for the
entire pipeline life cycle. Pluto APS with pipeline installed

58 UT3 1Q 2010
Exploration
Exploration

The Ocean Guardian

Falklands 1998, was in the North Falklands


Falkland Oil and Gas Limited (FOGL) while Rockhopper will have two basin. According to the operational
is set to drill its first exploration well exploration wells drilled. addendum for the environmental
off the Falkland Islands. The Diamond statement, the well should take 30-40
Offshore semisub Ocean Guardian The well on Toroa will be operated days to drill.
will drill the Toroa prospect in the East by FOGL’s partner BHP Billiton
Falklands basin, probably during the Petroleum. The company submitted AGR Petroleum Services has made
first half of this year. an environmental statement last a £2 million, folowing a contract by
September to the Falklands Islands Desire and Rockhopper to provide
Late last year, Desire Petroleum government to drill two wells on Toroa logistical support and undertake a six
negotiated a multi-well programme and the Loligo prospect in license well drilling programme in the North
with the rig for its prospects in the areas PL015 and PL028. At that point, Falklands Basin.
North Falkland basin with the aim no rig had been commissioned.
of releasing certain rig slots to other AGR has established a supply base
interested parties in the region. Toroa’s well, 160 km (99 mi) south of in Port Stanley which required an
Rockhopper also has taken up this Port Stanley, will be the first ever drilled initial loadout of approximately 9000t
offer for its northern Falkland acreage. this far south. All previous exploration, of cargo to be shipped from Aberdeen
Desire Petroleum has four prospects during the multi-well campaign of harbour.

Windjammer WINDJAMMER DISCOVERY


Offshore Mozambique

Anadarko ‘s Windjammer exploration thus far, is a strong indication of the


well in the frontier Rovuma potential of this basin.
basin, offshore Mozambique, has
encountered more than 480ft net The Windjammer discovery de-risks OFFSHORE AREA 1
PROSPECTS
of natural gas pay in high-quality a substantial portion of approximately 2010 EXPLORATION DRLG

reservoir sands, with a gross column 50 leads and prospects that we’ve
APC
APC Operator
of more than 1200ft. The well lies in identified across our 2.6-million-acre
Opperator
Operator
OFFSHORE
OFFSHHORE AREA
OFFSHORE AREA 11
(APC
(APC WI
(APC WII 43%)
W 43%)

4800 feet of water, approximately position in the basin.”


30 miles east of the Mozambique 3D Outline

coastline After testing the deeper objectives in


the well, Anadarko plans to move the TA
NZ
AN
IA
UE
Windjammer
Windjammer
Winddjammer
Discovery
Discovery
Dis
scovery
BIQ
To date, this well has tested one of Belford Dolphin drillship to its Collier MO
Z AM

the seven identified play types in prospect less than 50 miles south-
Anadarko’s operated acreage offshore southeast of Windjammer.
Mozambique.
Anadarko also expects to drill two to Collier
Collier
Collierr

Bob Daniels, Anadarko Sr. Vice four additional exploration wells in the
President, Worldwide Exploration said: Rovuma Basin this year, with initial
“This is true rank wildcat exploration, well results from Windjammer and
0 20
Kilometers

and to have our first deepwater Collier determining which prospects


exploration well result in a discovery, are drilled next. The Windjammer discovery

UT3 1Q 2010
59
Exploration

Exploration
Gas discovery near Norne
Statoil has discovered gas 2km south-west of
the Norne field in the Norwegian Sea during
the drilling of exploration well 6507/3-8. A
gas column 143m high was identified in the
Fangst and Båt group of the Middle and Lower
Jurassic, with good reservoir properties. The
find is estimated to contain 1.3-1.5 billion m3 of
recoverable gas.

“This discovery lies in an area where we’ve


made a number of earlier finds,” explains
Geir Richardsen, head of infrastructure-led
exploration in the Norwegian Sea. “With
detailed surveying and evaluation enhancing
our knowledge, this area is still considered
prospective.”

No formation test was carried out in the well,


which lies in 378m of water, but extensive data
was gathered and cores were taken.

The well was drilled to a total measured depth


of 2968m below sea level and terminated in the
Lower Jurassic Tilje formation. It will now be
permanently plugged and abandoned.
Producing the discovery through a tie-in to Norne
will be considered by the licensees in production
licence 159 B.

This is the second well in the licence, which was


awarded in 1989 as part of the 12B licensing
round and carved out from PL 159 in 2004. Well
6507/3-8 was drilled by Ocean Vanguard, which
will now move to PL 057 in the North Sea to drill The Norne FPSO
exploration well 34/4-12S for Statoil as operator.

Davy Jones Tweneboa


McMoRan Exploration has to confirm the ultimate hydrocarbon Tullow Oil ‘s Tweneboa-2 appraisal
discovered hydrocarbons on its flow rates. well, some 6 km southeast of the
Davy Jones prospect located on Tweneboa-1 discovery,offshore
South Marsh Island Block 230 in McMoRan’s Co-Chairman, James R. Ghana, has intersected a significant
approximately 20 feet of water. It Moffett, said: “Davy Jones log results combined hydrocarbon column. The
follwoed the well with additional confirm our geologic model and Atwood Hunter semi-submersible drilled
reserves. indicate that the previously identified Tweneboa-2 in the Deepwater Tano
sands in the Wilcox section on this block to an interim depth of 3860m in
The ultradeep well was drilled to large ultra-deep structure provides water depths of 1321m.
a measured depth of 28 263ft and significant additional development
logged with pipe-conveyed wireline potential. This could make Davy The well has encountered a gross
logs to 28,134 feet. The wireline log Jones one of the largest discoveries reservoir interval of 153m containing
results indicated a total of 135 net ft on the Shelf of the Gulf of Mexico in 32m of net hydrocarbon pay in stacked
of hydrocarbon bearing sands in four decades. reservoir sandstones, comprising a 17m
zones in the Wilcox section of the oil bearing zone below a 15m gas-
Eocene/Paleocene. “The geologic results from this well condensate bearing zone.A combined
are important and are redefining hydrocarbon column of at least 350m
Drilling deeper, to 28 603, the well the subsurface geologic landscape has been established between the lowest
discovered an additionial 65ft. below 20 000ft on the Shelf of the known oil in Tweneboa-2 and the top of
Flow testing will be required Gulf of Mexico.” the gas-condensate at Tweneboa-1,

60 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Exploration
Jake Satyr
Helix Energy Solutions Group Following the discovery, Helix’s Chevron has made an additional
subsidiary, Energy Resource estimate for this prospect is 50–75 Bcfe natural gas discovery in the
Technology GOM has made a Gulf gross. Carnarvon Basin offshore Western
of Mexico deepwater oil and gas Australia. This follows closely on the
discovery at its Jake prospect, Development options are currently Achilles-1 discovery,
located in Green Canyon Block 490. underway, including a potential joint
development with a recent discovery The exploration well, Satyr-1, located
The discovery well was drilled to made in the area. First production from 160km (100 miles) offshore in the
13 504ft in 3740ft of water and the Jake discovery is estimated to take Greater Gorgon Area in 1070m (3510
encountered 134ft of net oil and gas place in mid 2011. ERT owns a 25% ft) of water, was drilled to a total
pay in a single sand interval. The well working interest in both the discovery depth of 4560m (14 960 ft). The well
was conventionally wireline logged well and Green Canyon Block 490. discovered 130m (425ft) of net gas
with multiple fluid samples recovered pay.
for confirmation of the hydrocarbon ERT has made an additional new Gulf
bearing zone. of Mexico shelf discovery at its 75% Thedrilling campaign in northwestern
owned and operated South Timbalier is expected to provide additional
The well has been cased and 145 Field. The new discovery was drilled natural gas supplies to underpin the
temporarily abandoned for a future to 14 193 true vertical depth and logged Chevron-operated Gorgon natural
subsea completion. approximately 20ft of oil and gas pay. gas project,

Lucius and Itaipu


Anadarko has discovered oil on its sidetrack appraisal well to delineate the complex, which is currently flowing
Lucius exploration well in Keathley reservoir’s areal extent. Additionally, light oil on a long-term test through the
Canyon block 875. The well the proximity and availability the Red Jubarte FPSO. Partners in Itaipu are
encountered more than 200 feet Hawk cell spar enhances its potential currently planning a sidetrack to this
of net pay in subsalt Pliocene and development options and offers the well and anticipate further appraisal
Miocene sands. opportunity to accelerate the production drilling in 2010. Anadarko is also
of these resources. preparing to sidetrack Wahoo #2 to
Lucius is a three-way structure gather additional data from the
against salt, and the results of The Lucius discovery was drilled well. Once sidetrack drilling is
the well indicate thick reservoir to a total depth of about 20 000 ft complete, it is planned to move the rig
sands with very good porosity in approximately 7100 ft of water, to the Wahoo discovery well to conduct
and permeability. Adadarko plans using the new ultra-deepwater Ensco a drillstem test and then return to
to immediately drill an up-dip 8500 semi-submersible drilling rig. Wahoo #2 for another drillstem test.
The up-dip sidetrack appraisal well
LUCIUS DISCOVERY ITAIPU DISCOVERY
will be drilled on the same block,
approximately 3200ft due south of the
TEXAS LOUISIANA
discovery.
Espírito
Santo

RED HAWK Anadarko also recently announced Basin

Cell Spar
its second pre-salt discovery in Brazil BRAZIL
at the Itaipu prospect in block BM-
C-32 in the Campos Basin. The well
encountered more than 90ft of oil in a
high-quality pre-salt carbonate reservoir
Campos
Basin
Keathley Canyon Santos
874 875 of similar characteristics and quality to 0 50
Kilometers
Basin

LUCIUS
DISCOVERY the neighboring giant Jubarte complex.
The Itaipu well was drilled to a total
APC WI 50.00% 919 920

HADRIAN

963 964
depth of approximately 16 300 ft in Jubarte Complex
1st Well Producing ~18,000 BOE/d
Pre-Salt Resources ~2 BBOE

4400ft of water. BM-C-32


33% WI

0 3 1007 1008 ITAIPU


Miles DISCOVERY

The Itaipu well is located approximately


APC WI 33.3%
ANADARKO WI BLOCKS
INDUSTRY PRE-SALT DISCOVERIES
BM-C-30
ANADARKO WI BLOCKS 39 40
16 miles north of Anadarko’s original
PROSPECTS 30% WI
ANADARKO FIELDS NEW DISCOVERY
INDUSTRY DISCOVERY PHOBOS RECENT SUCCESS WAHOO #2
PROSPECT
Wahoo discovery and six miles DRILLING WAHOO
APC DISCOVERY

southeast of Petrobras’ pre-salt Jubarte


0 10
Kilometers

Petroleum Corporation
Petroleum Corporation

UT3 1Q 2010
61
Subsea Operations

Subsea
Operations

Well Enhancer
The latest addition to the Helix including personnel familiarisation adverse weather conditions. The
Energy Solutions Group global well and training on a test well provided by vessel’s performance exceeded
intervention fleet, Well Enhancer, Nexen. expectations; with a significant wave
successfully completed her inaugural height of 5m and winds of 45kts, heave
well intervention project on Nexen The Subsea Intervention Lubricator, at the moonpool rarely exceeded 2m.
Petroleum UK,’s Buzzard S2 well in (SIL), a 73/8 in bore single-trip system
the North Sea in October 2009. – designed and built in house by Helix “The Well Enhancer’s moonpool
Well Operations – was successfully design and skidding system, coupled
The well intervention was carried out deployed via the vessel’s integrated with our ability to disconnect and
following comprehensive system trials, skidding and handling system in reconnect the control umbilicals

62 UT3 1Q 2010
subsea, enabled us to work safely in Over the course of the ten day Construction on the vessel began
weather conditions that would have operation, the Well Enhancer at the IHC Krimpen shipyard in
sidelined other intervention vessels,” performed production logging, fluid July 2007, with the Christening
said Steve Nairn, Regional Vice sampling and wireline services ceremony taking place in May
President of Helix Well Ops UK. including sand detection and flow 2008.
profiling on the well. The S2 water
“Thanks to these features unique to injection well was entered with a The Well Enhancer then underwent
Well Enhancer, the operation was combined log/fluid sampling service fitting of its multipurpose tower
completed on schedule in spite of and all onboard systems were used and specialised well intervention
difficult weather.” successfully. equipment prior to sea trials.

UT3 1Q 2010
63
Subsea Survey

Subsea
Survey
Thickness Gauges Browse Pipeline Eiva Navimodel
Tritex NDT has launched its new The Australian office of Fugro GEOS EIVA has released the new NaviModel
Multigauge 4000 series ROV has been awarded a contract by software for ocean mapping, data
thickness gauges for mounting onto Woodside Energy to undertake a analysis and interpretation. The software
most work class vehicles. year-long metocean study along provides intuitive 3D visualisation of
the proposed pipeline route for the infinite survey data sets by integration of
The range includes the Multigauge Browse LNG development which multiple data formats and sources using
4100 and Multigauge 4400 which will run from the gas fields to the user defined templates.
are for use in depths of 1000m and planned Kimberley LNG Precinct
4000m respectively. These new at James Price Point, about NaviModel includes features for data
products mean that pipelines, pilings 60km north of Broome in Western cleaning either manually or through use
and subsea structures can now be Australia. of advanced semi or fully automated
easily inspected in shallow and deep tools as well as creation of own filters by
water applications, and without the “This is a major contract for our use of plug-in function.
need for using divers. They use new Australian office, we are
multiple echo to ensure coatings do very pleased to be working with Digital terrain models (DTM) are
not have to be removed, only the Woodside on this significant project,” displayed in real-time fly-through fashion
metal substrate is measured. explains Mark Wimshurst, Australian featuring different color modes and
Manager of Fugro GEOS. palettes in addition to adjustment of light
Additionally, they have intelligent source. Difference models and volume
probe recognition (IPR) and “Our role will be to undertake calculations are visualized by colouring
automatic measurement verification metocean measurement studies the resulting DTM in difference modes.
system (AMVS). along the entire length of the
proposed pipeline route from Terrain manipulation is performed by
The gauges have either an RS422 the fields to the proposed LNG levelling out depth differences between
or RS232 output. To accompany Precinct.” lines by skewing lines toward an
the Multigauge 4000, Tritex have average surface representation. Special
developed communication software, The contract covers an onshore pipe line modelling capabilities comprise
for use on a PC or laptop, to display meteorological measurement pipe and flag editing in real-time 3D
and record the measurements and programme and a nearshore and environment and support of export
associated data such as the time offshore metocean measurement formats including SITRAS through user
and a descriptive label if required. programme. defined templates.
Templates can be set up to store
measurements in a grid, string or A 30m meteorological tower will NaviModel further provides special
combination of both. be installed onshore to measure facilities by which it is possible to
meteorological parameters and air match DTM, video and events and thus
quality in order to establish onsite visualize run-line, ROV track, pipeline,
baselines. Data from all the sensors flags, events and DTM all in the same
on the tower will be transmitted 3D environment. Moreover NaviModel
by Iridium links and uploaded to a provides tools for automatic export
secure website for retrieval by the of data in terms of shaded reliefs,
client. soundings, contours, bathymetry,
longitudinal and cross profiles, etc.
The nearshore and offshore as well as export directly to AutoCad
programme calls for the deployment supporting content in relevant layers.
of approximately 20 current meter
moorings installed at between
Navimodel
8m and 200m water depths as
well as two Fugro OCEANOR
Wavescan buoys (with dual met
masts and loggers), three directional
waveriders (DWR’s), long period
wave recorders, tide gauges and
surface current drifters.

A number of the current meter


moorings will include thermistor
measurements to support the
detection of solitons (internal
Multigauge 4000 ROV thickness gauges waves).

64 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Subsea Survey
GEMS OSIL MiniBAT
The Geotechnical Engineering and
Marine Surveys (GEMS) group has
purchased an OSIL MiniBAT
system to carry out sound velocity
(SV) measurements at a 50 km2 site
in Asia.

The OSIL MiniBAT FC60 is a


lightweight remotely controlled
instrument platform designed for
use with a range of sensors. The
towed system was able to provide
continuous measurement without the
need to stop the vessel.

The MiniBAT was fitted with the AML


Minos SVP which directly measures
the time-of-flight of an acoustic ping.
Its compact size is ideally suited to
OSIL MiniBAT FC60
the highly portable MiniBAT frame.

MacArtney Seabed Mapping


Understanding the inland underwater the 125,000km2 of inshore waters to profiler system on the Keary also
environment Ireland’s inshore produce integrated maps showing includes a MacArtney side scan
water areas are an enormous the physical, biological and chemical winch, topside processors and
source of income and activity. The makeup of the seabed. acquisition and processing software,
most important starting point to digital links and coax and deck cables.
mapping and measuring impact is to The Keary has been equipped with
understand the waters and seabed as MacArtney supplied side scan sonar In another part of the Infomar
they are currently. and full-spectrum sub-bottom profiler programme, a moving vessel
housed in a retractable pod. It will profiler (MVP) aboard the vessel,
MacArtney recently supplied sonar spend the next few years mapping the Celtic Explorer, will be mapping the
equipment is mapping the seabed inshore seabed, the side scan sonar offshore seabed. This survey is part
both in and around Ireland onboard investigating the topography and the of a Europe-wide initiative to provide
the newly inaugurated inshore survey first layers of sediment. a complete picture of underwater
vessel, Keary and onboard the Celtic habitats and seabed. Surveying and
Explorer. MacArtney supplied side scan sonar map work will continue for several
system will map 125 000m2 of inshore years to come and will provide a
In an extensive project, the Infomar water areas in Ireland. The complete complete marine atlas for waters in
programme is currently surveying side scan sonar and sub-bottom and around Ireland.

Acoustic Current Profiler


LinkQuest has recently extended its of up to 0.25% +/- 2.5 mm/s.
popular FlowQuest acoustic current The standard depth rating of the system
profiler line to include the small and is 800m with options for 100, 1500,
lightweight FlowQuest 2000 system. 3000 and 6000m. This system also has
an optional discharge measurement
The FlowQuest 2000 system function.
operates at 2 MHz with a blank
distance as short as 10cm. The The FlowQuest 2000 acoustic current
system is about 12.6cm in diameter, profiler is used for measuring discharge,
21cm in length and weighs less than currents and flows in shallow waters
1.4 kgs in water. The FlowQuest or for short range applications. It is
2000 system is capable of reaching particularly useful when a minimum blank
up to 20m in range with an accuracy distance is desirable. The FlowQuest 2000 system

UT3 1Q 2010
65
Subsea Survey

Subsea
Survey
Underwater Metal Detection
A number of US Navy dive teams
are employing underwater metal
detectors in their search and recovery
operations. These teams include
Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit 1,
Explosive Ordnance Disposal
Mobile Units 4 and 11, Underwater
Construction Team 2 and the SEAL
Delivery Vehicle team (SDV-1) in
Pearl City, Hawaii.

They use detectors for a variety of


tasks such as locating explosive
devices and weapons, finding
anchors and chains, tracking
pipelines and cables, and searching
for tools that are dropped from ships
and piers. A diver using underwater metal detectors

The Federal Bureau of Investigation clean ups, like the one recently Fisheries, and Conservation in Hong
(FBI) also uses underwater detectors conducted at the former Hammond Kong are using a Pulse 8X with a probe
in its search operations. The Bureau’s Bombing and Gunnery Range in coil to find metal plates buried in the
divers are often called to assist state Louisiana. The Corps’ hazardous, beach that mark the location of sea
and local law enforcement agencies toxic and radiological waste (HTRW) turtle nests.
in their search for a weapon thrown branch recently picked up a couple
in a waterway. Criminals mistakenly of underwater detectors to assist in Department spokesman KS Cheung
believe if they dispose of a gun their restoration operations at former says, “In the past we used some
or knife in the water, it will be lost defense sites. cheap detectors, but their performance
forever. FBI dive teams continually was poor. Our colleagues at Taiwan
prove them wrong by recovering One detector commonly used in all of University were doing the same work
the weapons, even when they’re these teams is JW Fishers’ Pulse 8X, using the Fisher model and reported
buried deep in mud. In one case, the a commercial grade machine designed excellent results; they convinced us to
team managed to find all the pieces for industrial and military operations. switch detectors.”
of a hand gun that was completely
disassembled before being tossed The FBI’s dive units in New York, In Australia, Dr. Tasman Crowe,
into a river. California, Florida, and Washington a scientist with the Centre for
DC have has purchased a quantity of International Agriculture and Research
Alcohol, tobacco and firearms (ATF) these high performance locators along is using his 8X to monitor shellfish
is another bureau using these high- with interchangeable coils. Six different populations. He studies the movements
tech tools. Their explosive training coils can be attached to the electronics of marine snail colonies by detecting
branch (ETB) recently added a unit which gives the detector great small metal tags affixed to their shells
detector to their arsenal. versatility. It can be used on land, and tracking their movement over time.
diving to depths of 200ft or deployed
ETB conducts programs for local, from a boat. Other federal government agencies using
state, and federal law enforcement this detection gear are the US Border
agencies to teach identification and The National Marine Fisheries Patrol, US Forestry Service and the US
location of explosives, and how to Services, a branch of NOAA, also Environmental Protection Agency.
properly handle and dispose of them. picked up a detector for its Milford
With the threat of a terrorist attack on Laboratory in Connecticut. The facility Each of these agencies has a different
any front, officers need to know how conducts research on culturing fish and use for their detector. It helps the
to search for, and locate, explosive shellfish, development methods for Border Patrol search for weapons that
devices that are attached to ships, commercial use, stock enhancement, are disposed of, and sometimes hidden
bridges, piers, and other underwater and restoration. They join scientists in, rivers and water holes. It aids the
structures. from as far away as Hong Kong and Forest Service in locating chains
Australia using underwater metal implanted in river banks to secure soil
US Army Corps of Engineers detectors for their marine resource and vegetation, and it assists the EPA
(USACE) use these instruments to management programs. in locating drums of hazardous waste
locate metal objects when doing that are disposed of in our nation’s
site inspections for environmental The Department of Agriculture, waterways.

66 UT3 1Q 2010
Operations
Operations
Hallin Expansion Oceaneering DSV
Hallin Marine has announced a Oceaneering International has com- This state-of-the-art DSV will be
major expansion of its West Division, missioned the construction of a dive US flagged and outfitted to perform
committing its new build vessel to support vessel (DSV) with an estimat- subsea inspection, repair, and main-
the region, unveiling a move into ed capital cost of $17 million. tenance (IRM) services and support
saturation diving and looking to recruit construction operations in the Gulf
more staff and move to new premises. Oceaneering expects delivery of the of Mexico.
The Aberdeen based West Division 200ft by 46ft vessel from a Gulf coast
will take delivery of the US$50 million shipyard late in the fourth quarter of The vessel will have built-in diving
new build subsea operations vessel 2010. The new vessel will replace the equipment, including a dive control
(SOV) Windermere in the second Ocean Project, which was built in 1972. system and decompression cham-
quarter of 2010. bers, to maximise the availability of
deck space for job specific equip-
The West Division of the integrated ment and to ensure safe working
subsea contractor has, until now, conditions.
focussed on the operation of its own
fleet of remote operated vehicles It will have accommodations for
(ROVs). It is looking to operate 50 personnel and be equipped with
the new vessel in the Middle East, a 40t crane, a working moon pool,
Mediterranean and West Africa areas. and a four-point mooring system
enabling operations in 700ft of
The Windermere, which will be seawater.
managed out of Aberdeen, is fitted
The Ocean Project, which is due to retire
with a 15-man saturation diving
system, an air diving spread, two
heavy duty work-class ROVs and an
inspection class vehicle.

The diesel electric, Voith propulsion The US$50 million


Alam Maritim
DP 2 vessel has a 50 tonne, active new build subsea Oil and gas offshore marine support service
heave compensated crane and operations vessel provider Alam Maritim Resources Bhd, is looking to
accommodation for 120 crew (SOV) Windermere strengthen its presence overseas, particularly in the
and operational staff. The 80m, Middle East and Indonesia this year. Speaking to
Windermere will be supported by the Malaysian news resource The Star, the group’s
an experienced onshore project managing director Azmi Ahmad confirmed that he
engineering capability. hadstarted making inroads into the Middle East as
part of its strategies to widen its customer base.

“Alam Maritim, together with a third party, has set


up operation in Dubai that marked the group’s first
foray into the region.We are also looking to expand
in Indonesia via a joint venture with a local partner,”
he told StarBiz.

Azmi added that the penetration into foreign markets


was preparation for the expected daily charter
rates reduction of between 10% and 20% next year
compared with all-time high rates when the oil price
reached its peak previously.

In terms of fleet expansion, Alam Maritim via wholly-


owned subsidiary Alam Maritim agreed to a 51:49
joint venture with Lembaga Tabung Haji (TH) to
invest and jointly own six anchor handling tug supply
vessels valued at US$121.5million.

On the outlook for the JV vessels, Azmi said


Malaysian oil majors typically gave priority to
Malaysian-owned assets and operators when
dishing out local contracts.

UT3 1Q 2010
67
Underwater Vehicles

UNDERWATER

Vehicles

Tectonic Detector rechargeable batteries,


Falmouth Scientific Inc (FSI) has supplied a solar- providing sufficient power for
powered autonomous underwater vehicle (SAUV) to extended missions with large
the University of Tokyo for use in monitoring tectonic user payloads and frequent
plate movement. The SAUV is a compact, man-portable communications.
AUV designed for autonomous operation for long periods
(weeks to months) without requiring maintenance, For this project, the SAUV has been equipped with a specialised
servicing, or recharging. transducer to receive precise slant range data from seabed-
mounted transponders along with a real time kinematic (RTK)
The vehicle can be pre-programmed to submerge to GPS, IXSEA PHotonic inertial navigation system (PHINS) motion
depths down to 500m, to transit to designated waypoints, reference unit and a TRDI WorkHorse acoustic doppler current
or to operate on the surface during conditions suitable profiler (ADCP), The combination of precise data from the
for battery charging via solar energy input. With a square underwater transponders, RTK GPS, and IXSEA MRU will allow
metre of solar panels, the SAUV can collect from researchers to monitor tectonic plate movements on the scale of
300 to 900WHr/ day and carries 2.4KWHr on-board, millimetres per kilometre.

Iver2
Australian Marine Ecology has purchased an with OceanServer’s VectorMap Mission Planning and
Iver2 autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) from Data Presentation tool, which provides geo-registered
OceanServer Technology. This vehicle, equipped with data files that can be easily exported to other software
OceanServer’s new dual port camera system, will be analysis tools.
used in a broad range of upcoming research initiatives
that include coral reef mapping in shallow lagoon This unique software design, coupled to a growing variety
habitats of the Lihou Reef in the Coral Sea. of sensors, has enabled OceanServer to carve out a
strong position in the research space for autonomous
Other reef work will include ongoing monitoring and underwater vehicles. The VectorMap program can input
measurements of the coral bleaching and crown-of- National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
thorns starfish. The vehicle will also collect data to electronic navigation charts (ENCs) or any geo-referenced
better examine habitat conditions and mapping of chart, map or photo image, allowing the operator to
marine protected areas, as well as for design of seabed intuitively develop AUV missions using simple point-and-
infrastructure. click navigation.

The Australian Marine Ecology personnel


spend up to 100 days in the field each
year, including hundreds of hours
underwater in a variety of environments
and conditions. The scientific team is one
of the most active in southern Australia,
and is heavily involved in underwater
surveys for fisheries, environmental
impact assessment and ecological
research. The Iver2 AUV will be another
critical asset for the organisation, along
with fully equipped laboratories, a
scientific diving team, remotely opeated
vehicles (ROVs), and a variety of
instrumented surface vessels already
offered by Australian Marine Ecology.
All Iver2 AUV models come standard Iver 2 AUV

68 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Underwater Vehicles
Gavia Aids Cutter Discovery
Late last year, the US Coast Guard to insert the GeoSwath module when chief of operations, ICG: “The
cutter Alexander Hamilton was found required. Navigation of the system was Gavia AUV proved to be a powerful
with the aid of a Gavia AUV, 67 years from a Doppler velocity log (DVL)-aided tool in the Icelandic Coast Guards
after being torpedoed by a German U- inertial navigation system (INS). identification of the Alexander
boat in January 1942, while escorting a Hamilton, providing us with a clearer
convoy to Iceland. From the data gathered, it was picture of the vessel in its entirety
possible to ascertain that the vessel is including the damage sustained
Within sight of land, the final resting lying on its starboard side roughly at a and how the wreck lies on the sea
place of the Treasury class Alexander 45deg angle in around 95m depth. It bottom, through high quality side-
Hamilton WPG-34, was finally was also possible to see the evidence scan and bathymetric data from a
identified in September 2009, during an of the massive damage from the man portable platform and was a
Icelandic coast guard (ICG) operation torpedo which left roughly an 11m-long valuable asset in this operation.”
using a Gavia AUV. This was the first hole in the bottom of the ship. Further
US loss in the Atlantic after the Pearl video data from the ROV of the ships’ The finding of the Alexander
Harbour attacks on 7th December 1941. running gear determined without a Hamilton is historically significant as
doubt that this was the Alexander it is the first ship lost by the US in the
Shortly after receiving a new aircraft Hamilton. Atlantic, and for the fact that 20 men
with specialised pollution detection who were killed during this torpedo
equipment in July 2009, the ICG According to Capt. Halldór Nellet, attack went down with the ship.
detected traces of oil on the surface
invisible to the naked eye in an area
not known to contain any wrecks.

Soon thereafter, a survey vessel was


dispatched to the area which did
a multibeam sonar survey using a
relatively low frequency system.
While able to survey large swathes of the
ocean bottom, it was not able to provide
much resolution on contacts. It did
reveal, however, an uncharted wreck.

As a result of these findings, a


subsequent operation was planned
with the ICG cutter Ægir, in order to
identify the wreck. It also attempted
to try and obtain higher resolution
sidescan sonar and bathymetric data Recovery of Gavia AUV to Icelandic Coast Guard RIB
from a Gavia AUV and video footage
from an accompanying remotely
operated vehicle (ROV).
Mission Record for Gavia
The Gavia AUV was operated from a Hafmynd and Fugro Survey in a joint The record-breaking dive to 1000m
rigid inflatable boat from the Ægir in initiative with Woodside Energy, have was part of a series of customer
sea state 4–5. Small boat operations successfully trialed a Gavia Offshore acceptance trials recently completed
in these conditions were quite difficult Surveyor AUV down to a subsea offshore Perth, Australia. The AUV
for the AUV operators. The high depth of 1000m. This significantly was set to run a grid of survey lines
swells and limited visibility presented surpasses the previous maximum at an altitude of 12m above the
challenges both for launch and recorded depth of 220m achieved by seabed, recording both side-scan
recovery and, to a greater extent, the a Gavia vehicle. sonar and swath bathymetric data.
visual relocation of the vehicle, even
with a known GPS position. The Gavia’s modular configuration This was followed by a survey
enables the inclusion of various line run at only 2m above the
The Gavia AUV that was used during payloads in addition to the base seabed, designed to collect seabed
the operation was equipped with vehicle configuration, such as an habitat photographs. Dive time
a 600kHz Side Scan Sonar and inertial navigation system, GeoSwath from the surface to 1000m was
a 500kHz GeoSwath module was bathymetric sonar and additional approximately 30 minutes. Based on
employed as well. As the Gavia AUV battery modules for increased this expected survey, the duration at
is a modular system it was possible endurance. this depth could exceed 6 hours.

UT3 1Q 2010
69
Underwater Vehicles

UNDERWATER

Vehicles
HUGIN Portable
Recent Demonstrations
A HUGIN 1000 portable AUV system containerisation, well-defined and
was recently demonstrated to the simple interface points, and the The HUGIN 1000 Portable AUV
Korean Navy. self-sufficient nature of the system. System was recently demonstrated
The entire system fits on a standard in Korean waters. The operations
The portable AUV system is fully truck, and can use all standard were carried out by Kongsberg’s
containerised into one 20ft ISO shipping methods, including AUV Department in close
container for storage, battery overnight airlift to anywhere in the cooperation with the Agency for
management, vehicle maintenance world. Defense Development (ADD) in the
and launch and recovery (LAR), and Republic of Korea (ROK).
one 10ft ISO container for mission AUV operations are run directly
planning, vehicle checkout, mission from the 10ft ISO container, with The sea trials took place south-west
execution and post-mission analysis no need to tie into a ship’s systems of the city of Busan and covered
(PMA). This advanced AUV system or internal spaces. In the portable both search for mines in shallow and
covers a wide range of operations system, a Kongsberg High-Precision deeper waters. The HUGIN AUV
like mine countermeasures, route Acoustic Positioning (HiPAP) 350 executed all test dives autonomously
survey and high-quality bathymetric system and a tow-fish transducer without problems in up to sea state
mapping surveys in areas of interest. for acoustic communication are four.
included, as well as a Kongsberg
The main advantage of the HUGIN SeaPath system for accurate ship “It took one week, from start of
AUV is its small overall system reference position and attitude. transportation in Horten to the time
footprint. This is primarily due to the HUGIN 1000 first touched the
the multi-function 20ft container The 20ft container includes a two- Korean waters,” said Svein Otto
providing AUV storage, shipping, stage LAR ‘stinger’ (hydraulically Schjerven, manager of the HUGIN
maintenance, battery charging controlled hinged ramp) which AUV.
launch and recovery facilities. Due to allows AUV operations from
compactness of the 10ft operations vessels with a stern freeboard of “The first operation of this kind using
container, only two operators are up to 5m. Both ISO containers are the HUGIN 1000 system was a great
needed for the entire operation. insulated and equipped with heating success and demonstrated fully, the
systems to enable operations in capacity of such an AUV system.”
The system allows fast and Arctic environments, as well as air
easy mobilisation onto vessels condition system for operations in
of opportunity due to ISO tropical climate.

The Hugin AUV on a Korean naval vessel

The AUV in its 20ft container


Inset: Installed on a Krean Navy vesse

70 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Remus for Florida Atlantic


Florida Atlantic University (FAU) has are intended to complement FAU’s research will benefit new research
ordered two REMUS 100 autonomous capabilities and enable research in opportunities at the Institute. These
underwater vehicle (AUV) systems cooperative behavior between AUVs. will include the development of
from Hydroid. fixed and mobile autonomous
According to Edgar An, Principal surface and underwater platforms
The two vehicles will be operated by Investigator on the NSF award, the two for studies of coastal processes,
FAU’s Institute for Ocean and new REMUS 100 systems will be used studies of ocean noise and its
Systems Engineering. They are part to advance research in use of multiple impact on marine mammals, air-sea
of FAU’s National Science Foundation AUVs and in high-speed data interaction, and characterisation of
Major Research Instrumentation communication. It is expected that the electromagnetic fields in the coastal
Program (NSF MRI) award and REMUS vehicles and the associated oceans.

Tracking trials
SeeByte, the global leader in The CAS technology proved it “We are pleased to see the
creating smart software for was able to communicate, take success of this system and value
unmanned vehicles, has completed control and act out an inspection the mutually beneficial partnership
a successful confined area search task, showcase real-time 3-D we’ve had with SeeByte,”
(CAS) trial on Bluefin Robotics’ reconstruction of the complex commented Dr. Jerome Vaganay,
Hovering Autonomous Underwater areas and accomplish all of this Bluefin Robotics Project Manager.
Vehicle (HAUV) with the US Office autonomously.
of Naval Research. “The underwater security sector
This technology can be is continuously growing and
The goal of the trial was to utilised by the military for mine demanding new capability.
demonstrate the automatic tracking identification/verification and port
of the propeller shafts of a ship and harbour security measures, The technological accomplishments
hull. In this task, the HAUV and as well as for pipeline inspections demonstrated by the HAUV with
SeeByte’s control technology and floating production storage the SeeByte software will prove
software detected both shafts, and offloading (FPSO) ship hull beneficial for a number of new
tracked each and returned to the inspections for the offshore oil applications even beyond the
starting point autonomously. and gas industry. security sector.”

UT3 1Q 2010
71
Underwater Vehicles

UNDERWATER

Vehicles
Trenching Control System
The Aberdeen-based ROV The bespoke system was designed Perry Slingsby Systems (PSS) will
manufacturer Sub-Atlantic has by CT Offshore and GEO Marine with deliver the first of its latest generation
completed the assembly and specialist input on propulsion and Triton XLR ROVs to the offshore industry
integration of a power and control advanced control systems from this month and has announced a further
system to an underwater trenching Sub-Atlantic, specifically for operating contract win for the XLR in deals totalling
vehicle for CT Offshore of Denmark. in the hostile near-shore environment £3.8million.
of fast moving, turbid waters.
The £500 000 project, which took Earlier, the company had completed
just six weeks to complete, was The vehicle uses a Sub-Atlantic work on the first of the custom-built
a departure from the normal type surface transformer running a XLRs for the Romanian client Grup
of system built in the Aberdeen Comanche ROV powertrain which Servicii Petroliere (GSP), which will see
factory. comprises four horizontal and three its immediate deployment in offshore
vertical SPE 250 brushless thrusters. Russia.
The tracked vehicle is believed to be
one of the most compact systems The Sub-Atlantic-supplied surface Now, PSS has announced a
ever built. Its first deployment will be control unit operates subCAN control second contract win, which
aboard the dynamically positioned software for advanced operations will see it provide another XLR
vessel MV Nico working on a wind and diagnostics down to circuit-board system to Technocean with
farm in the UK sector of the North component level and employs a delivery in June 2010.
Sea. specialist survey pod for control and
diagnosis of the survey sensor suite. The XLR is the latest evolution
of the successful Triton
Sub-Atlantic-built hydraulic power series and ‘baby brother’ to
units, motor and compensators the heavy-duty XLX. Designed
were also integrated into the and manufactured by PSS, the
vehicle. 125hp vehicle has been designed
for drill and light construction work
and incorporates the latest controls
technology, the revolutionary
integrated real-time control engine
(ICE), intuitive graphic user interface
and ergonomic pilot control consoles
with touch-screen technology.

“The XLR is the next step in the


evolution of subsea systems which
started with the XL,” said Rory
CT Offshore’s underwater trenching vehicle Satterfield, VP – Products Division,
Triton Group which owns Perry Slingsby.

Observers “Our aim was to create an innovative


system which offers the utmost
Subsea Tech has delivered four 3.5kts. in efficiency and reliability for the
Observer ROVs to the Gendarmerie In its standard version, it is equipped lightweight end of the market.
Maritime (French Coast Guard). Two with two high definition/high sensitivity
will be used in le Havre harbour, cameras and can carry a mini sonar “A key element in its success is its
while the other pair will be used in (Tritech Micron DST or equivalent) and compatibility with the XLX and other
Marseilles. a two-function manipulator. vehicles. This allows subsea operators
to be fully flexible in the scope of
The vehicles are to be used jobs they can undertake and cross
mainly for commercial ships’ utilise various parts such as thrusters,
hull inspection but could umbilicals, cameras and valve packs.
be also involved in various
investigation and expertise “Each of these systems are built to
missions. order, so they can feature a range of
components tailored specifically to
The ROV measures 17.7ins meet the needs of our customers who
long and can operate in 500ft operate in some of the most challenging
water depths at a speed of and demanding environments,” said
Observer mini ROVs Slatterfield.

72 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Underwater Vehicles
XLR
Subsea Support Course
The Underwater Centre, along with
Lochaber College UHI, is set to
deliver a brand new qualification
specifically to target those living in
the local community. It has been
designed so that previous subsea
experience will not be necessary.

The remotely operated vehicle


(ROV) subsea support skills course
was devised and written in just
over three months and has been
fully accredited by the Scottish
Qualifications Authority (SQA).

A total of eight students will be


selected for the course, which is
being funded by the European
Social Fund and is due to start at the
beginning of next year.

The 18-week course will cover


a range of subjects including
electronics, ROV systems, fibre
optics and lifting equipment. Central
to the course will be the hands-on
experience of flying a vehicle and
training in lifelike conditions.

Students will be based at the


Underwater Centre for 10 weeks
and at Lochaber College for the
remaining eight.

Students who complete the course


will then be able to work in the
ROV sector which is set to see a
significant growth in the next four
The Perry Slingsby Systems
XLR
years, according to a new report
from top industry analysts Douglas
Westwood, which has revealed that,
“The new acquisition will be vessel’s operation is currently under following a slow down this year, the
installed onboard the GSP Prince, review for this contract”, ROV industry will be worth
the geotechnical and diving/ROV $3.2 billion by 2014.
support vessel which entered the At present, GSP is carrying
company fleet in September 2009. out three offshore construction
contracts with a total value of over
“At the moment, we have firm US$400 million.
operational commitments both
for the vessel and the subsea GSP’s new XLR ROV is rated up to
equipment featuring the custom- 2000m with 125hp. It comes with an
built XLR ROV, in two of our extended length tether management
offshore construction projects, system that is compatible with either
Galata and Olympia,” said Fanel the XLR or XLX vehicles.
Hahui, GSP’s chief executive
officer. The Technocean vehicle is rated to
3000m and will be delivered with a
“We will also use the Triton XLR tether management system complete
ROV in subsea operations carried with Det Norske Veritas rated power
out under the TPAO contract. The system and specific tooling skid. The Underwater Centre

UT3 1Q 2010
73
Underwater Vehicles

UNDERWATER

Vehicles

Atomic
Over recent years, SMD has
been gradually planning its next-
generation remotely operated
vehicle (ROV) system. This
would incorporate all the latest
technological advances and
operational experiences that the
company had gained with its
Q-series of ROVs.

Power
The result is the new Atom.

This entry-level hydraulic work-


class ROV is designed to carry
out applications that require more
power than electric vehicles, yet
can operate from a limited deck
space, such as drill support work
from older rigs or smaller barges.
The model supersedes SMD’s Quark
and Quasar Compact models while
sitting below the medium sized
Quasar and flagship Quantum in
SMD’s work-class vehicle range.

The Atom measures 2m in length


and 1.5m in both width and height.
It is rated up to 3000m, although
there are no major issues in the
basic design that would prevent it
from going deeper. SMD is currently
constructing a unit for a client using
much of the same componentry, but
designed for use in 6000m water
depths.

“We have listened closely to


clients” said Mark Collins, SMD
sales manager, “and learned a
considerable amount about their
specific and predicted future
demands since we brought out the
Q-series vehicles three years ago.
We quickly recognised that most
common requirements from an
operator was an ROV with a small
footprint yet retaining the power,
SMD’s new Atom ROV design
toughness and rigidity necessary for
full-sized manipulator work.

“We have been able to achieve “This fully hydraulic system we have This approach has all but eliminated
this favourable size/power ratio engineered negates the complexity the need for the historically
in the design by a combination of of two independent propulsion large air-filled control pod that is
advanced structural design and and tooling technologies that are characteristic of many ROVs. The
component miniaturisation.” commonly found on equivalently sized new pod is a quarter of the size of
electric ROVs,” said Collins. the old design.”
The Atom incorporates a small,
light Curvetech hydraulic power “We have also modified the control The design employs twin, high-
unit in either 60 or 100hp variants. system, incorporating high density density multiplexers located in the
This feeds hydraulic energy to both electronics to ensure components are junction boxes on each side of the
propulsion and tooling circuits. as small as possible. vehicle. The multiplexers act as

74 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Underwater Vehicles
Supporter 12 Sold to DOF
network hubs for the processing carried out
at the surface, with each subsea component
acting as a separately addressable network
node. This allows components to assess their
operational status and flag any faults that may Kystdesign has signed a contract with DOF for delivery of a
occur. Supporter work-class ROV. The Supporter will be installed
on Scandi Vega, a new inspection, repair and maintenance
The twin units function independently to offer (IRM) vessel and shall perform subsea inspection and
redundancy as well as an exceptional number construction work.
of spare instrument channels.
The ROV is enclosed in a lightweight, high-strength aluminium
“This arrangement allows us to switch over in alloy frame with stainless-steel fasteners, which gives the
the event of a problem occurring when in the Supporter a weight (in air) of 2450kg. It has a 3000kg through-
water,” Mark Collins. “If one should fail, we can frame lift capacity, although the main frame certified by
still carry out a lot of work or at least recover Det Norske Veritas, to a single weight lift of 6000kg.
the vehicle safely.
The buoyancy is provided by a single syntactic foam block,
“Because the multiplexers are located in the with extra blocks – or indeed ballast – available depending on
junction boxes, they are immersed in oil, not the application.
in air. The packaging is much smaller and
all the input and output connections to the For inspection duties, there are eight cameras illuminated
instruments can go straight into ports in the by ten 250W dimmable lights. The system is capable of
face plates, rather than from the main pod handling an additional 18 survey sensors simultaneously.
through harnesses to the junction box. The lack The instrumentation includes an array of devices, including
of complexity results in increased reliability. navigation/tracking, north-seeking gyro and obstacle avoidance
sonar.
In a strategic departure from the Quasar
Compact, the designers have opted for a The internal architecture and the hydraulic components have
welded aluminium frame. This makes the frame been completely designed in-house. It has a payload of 220kg
deceptively light, however, the I-beam gives it and can be fitted with manipulators, tool basket and skid. The
rigidity and enough integral strength to hang underwater tools and manipulators include a five-function
third party instruments and tools packages on grabber and a seven-function Schilling Titan III manipulator.
the frame.
The vehicle includes three 300mm vertical thrusters and
“There are four tooling points at the bottom as four 300mm vectorised horizontal thrusters, which give it a
well as on the back,” said Collins “It is therefore horizontal bollard pull of 520kg and a speed of 3.5kts.
possible to hang half a ton at half a metre off
the back of the ROV. The lack of cross-bracing
and the use of miniature components keep the
areas at the front and sides of the ROV clear
for maintenance access.”

Surrounding the metal frame are resilient


quick-release polypropylene crash frames
which protect the extremities from impact
with subsea structures or the side of the
deployment vessel.

The Atom has two vertical and four horizontal


Curvetech thrusters. The horizontal thrusters
are mounted directly on the frame, which
means that it is possible to remove the
buoyancy with the thrusters remaining on the
system.

The Atom can provide nearly 500kgf of


horizontal thrust – at least 50% more than
an equivalent sized electric ROV. This is
particularly useful in high current operations,
and there is also the option of diverting all the
hydraulic power to tooling.
The Supporter ROV

UT3 1Q 2010
75
Underwater Vehicles

UNDERWATER

Vehicles

Fly Out ROV


A 3000m Fly-Out ROV has been host vehicle movement and increased and orbital mobility of the original AC-
announced to the market by productivity. ROV underwater inspection system.
AC-CESS of Aberdeen, Scotland. The vehicle is garaged on the host
As a SCOUT it can be advanced into ROV and is deployed and recovered
Working in conjunction with areas where the host vehicle can not by an electric Tether Management
their engineering partners ALL go, or the risks for it are too great, IE: System (TMS), and another All
OCEANS, the AC-ROV 3000 pipe work, wreck inspection, thermal Oceans specialisation.
offers visual inspection support for vents etc. Insurance cover for high risk
host vehicle operations in busy, operations can be difficult to obtain or AC-CESS business development
congested and high risk operating prohibitively expensive. manager, Mr Callum Magee proudly
environments. The support this explained that the AC-ROV 3000
provides can be categorised into This is where a less expensive asset fly-out is a further milestone in AC-
two vital roles: comes into its own, which was one CESS’s history:
of the design drivers for the AC-ROV
As a BUDDY the AC-ROV 3000 can 3000. The vehicle is small, simple and “The AC-ROV 3000 is testament to
keep a watching eye on the host robust thereby minimising the value the original AC-ROV design and is
vehicle. Duties include checking the and maximising the durability of the a clear statement of intent. It further
tether, giving added perspective on part exposed to the greatest risk. demonstrates the forward thinking
any tool deployments and generally and industry commitment of both
providing an overview of operations. Inline with the AC-CESS ethos of AC-CESS and ALL OCEANS which
mobility and robustness, the AC-ROV keeps us where we want to be – at
This adds up to reducing risk, limiting 3000 retains the clean, snag free shape the front”.

76 UT3 1Q 2010
The
Th Kongsberg
Kongs
Kon berrg
Mesotech
Messotech MS1171
MS 171
MS1
Multi-Frequency
Multi-Freque
q nc ncyy
Sonar
So arr System
Son Sys em with
with
wi
ROV
OV Ethernet
E her
Et net Hub
hernet Hub
Hu

The Kongsberg
Kongs
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OE10-102
OE110-102 Pann and
and Tilt
T t Unit
U
Unnit
(shown
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(shown with the
h Thee Kongsberg
Ko
ongsngsber
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OE14-502A
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4-1 2 PATZ
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OE 11 141 HID
OE11-
11- HID Lamp)
Lamp
Lamp
amp)) and
and Tilt
Tiltt Zoom)
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Zoo
Zoo Camera

Definitive ROV Navigation


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underwater cameras, lamps and imaging sonars for today’s demanding ROV, plough and
trencher navigation, surveillance and inspection tasks.

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http://www.km.kongsberg.com/cameras

UT3 1Q 2010
77
Diving

DIVING
DSV Noordhoek Constructor
Noordhoek has officially taken delivery
of the DPII DSV Noordhoek Constructor
in from the Niigata Yard in Japan.
This new, state-of-the-art vessel is
specifically designed for efficient diving
operations in the harsh North Sea
environment.

It has an overall length of 76m with an


18m beam and is equipped with a
12-man single bell saturation diving
system with the latest, technology
complete with a self propelled
hyperbaric lifeboat. For station-keeping,
the vessel has Class 2 dynamic
positioning system in compliance with
the most demanding maritime and
environmental regulations worldwide.

The vessel is designed primarily for


saturation,air and transfer under
pressure (TUP) diving operations at
depths of up to 200m. However,
with a clear deck space of 685m2, the
100t main crane and a dual light work
and observation class ROV spread,
the new build will clearly be a multi-
role vessel suitable for worldwide
deployment.

The vessel has accommodation for 70


people.

Diving Bell Insulation Improves Thermal Performance And Protection


Subsea saturation diving, at the uplift of the bell for accurate three man saturation diving team. It
depths down to 300m (1000ft) system buoyancy control. transports them from a ship’s live-in
below the surface, tests equipment hyperbaric chamber down to working
and men to the limit. To protect “The performance of previous depths with typical sea temperatures
divers from the cold in the diving insulation systems used was more of between 45˚F and 65˚F (9˚C and
bell, manufacturers Unique LLC difficult to predict. It was also 20˚C). Typical subsea tasks include
turned to Trelleborg Offshore for an susceptible to damage and water pipeline repair, maintenance and
innovative syntactic foam insulation ingress, which could affect the inspection, cable maintenance,
solution. thermal and buoyancy properties. platform installation and removal.

“The engineered Trelleborg “In contrast, the Trelleborg The heliox (helium/ oxygen) breathing
syntactic foam insulation, and the polyurethane-based foam has a mixture, for the diving bell atmosphere
company’s 3D modelling design high impact resistance and is totally is supplied via an umbilical from the
capabilities, provided us with high impervious to water ingress under support ship.
accuracy thermal and buoyancy pressure. It is designed to eliminate
properties,” said Shane Julias, any requirement for maintenance, so Heliox has a higher thermal
design engineer at Unique System that life cycle costs are minimised.” conductivity than air, so good thermal
LLC. insulation is essential for the divers’
The Unique System diving bell comfort. As dive times in the bell are
“It enabled us to predict the thermal is designed as a submersible often 10 to 12 hours, and the divers
insulation thickness required, and decompression chamber for a remain under saturation conditions for

78 UT3 1Q 2010
Air diving station

Mounted Diver Video & Comms System


The National Hyperbaric Centre of Aberdeen has recently Communications: The communications
fitted out its air diving station with a comprehensive dive unit is based on a three-diver C-Phone,
station from subsea electronic manufacturers C-Tecnics. which permits two working divers and
a standby diver to be operational and
The unit is based on three modules: a three-diver recorded. It allows the user to switch
C-Phone comms unit, a dual camera and lamp supply communication from diver to diver,
control unit, a HDD recorder with large memory. This or to hear all divers at once. The unit
system ensures that video and communications for both incorporates its own uninterruptible
the divers and supervisor are clearly recorded and can power supply (UPS) for back-up in the
easily be presented to client or engineers. event of mains power failure.

The rack houses C-Tecnics 19in product range. A large Camera The dual camera and lamp
format video screen also allows a split screen set-up so supply, capable of supplying two
viewing from two cameras can be seen simultaneously cameras and two lamps, is also part of
such as from the standby diver, crane operator or ROV. C-Tecnics product line. There is also
additional space within the rack system
C-Tecnics originally developed the rack system as a one- for another power supply to be fitted,
off item for a leading manufacturer of containerised air allowing four cameras and four lamps to
diving control systems in Norway. Due to the success and be powered simultaneously.
positive feedback about the rack system, C-Tecnics has
incorporated the rack into its product line and several units The complete package includes the newly
have now been built and installed around the world. developed CT3008 inspection camera and CT4003
underwater LED light.
Commenting on the system, a spokesman for the National
Hyperbaric Centre said: “Recording the dive, with video Memory The unit comes complete with a 1TB hard disk
and audio, straight to disc is good for the trainees to drive for recording both the diver’s video and comms and
review. also includes video editing software.

“Since it has been installed it has saved us hours of set The HDD unit also has room for additional hard drives
up time with these diver training sessions by offering and has several USB interfaces for transferring video and
really simple comms and camera operations. We would comms files. Included in the rack is the 22in monitor which
recommend it for any dive company who wants a high is capable of split screen viewing allowing you to watch and
quality accurate recording.” record both cameras at once.

Insulated
diving bell

up to 30 days, their well being is critical to mission success.

“Trelleborg used its Trident insulation system, which is


based on BASF’s ZEROHg glass syntactic polyurethane
foam technology, in a one pour, one lift foam application.
The application technique ensured no insulation interface
joints for complete integrity,” said James Vultaggio, product
group manager, Trelleborg Offshore, Houston. “This
eliminates water ingress into the foam which could affect
the thermal properties.”

The diving bell shell is constructed of ABS approved


carbon steel, welded in carefully designed sections; the
total weight of foam poured around the shell was 1300lbs
(600kg).

This is the first use of the Trident Insulation system


in a custom coating operation and the first diving bell
insulated with glass syntactic polyurethane foam. It
represents a significant advance in diver safety and
reduced operating costs.

UT3 1Q 2010
79
Autosub Long
In the 20 years since the first studies member of the Autosub family of
under the Natural Environment vehicles, the Autosub6000, is now a
Research Council’s Autosub proven Deep Ocean Geological and
programme were completed, vehicles Geophysical-Instrumented Explorer
built by the technical team have (DOGGIE). With three engineering
contributed to two major marine trials completed, and information
science programmes as well as gathered using its swath bathymetry
several standalone research projects. and other sensors already published,
Over 50 science and engineering Autosub6000 will underpin science
papers have been published. cruise to the Cayman Rise in March
2010.”
The driving vision for the programme
has been to provide marine scientists However, not until now, has
with the tools to probe the most technology made it possible to tackle
challenging environments. Since 2001, the Dolphin concept. This is an
Autosubs have brought back unique acronym for the Deep Ocean Long
information from under floating ice, first Path Hydrographic INstrument, where
from under sea ice in the Antarctic and the challenge has been to combine
Arctic, and then later from under floating the deep-diving capability of Autosub
glacial ice in the Antarctic. 6000, with a 6000km, in one vehicle Map of Drake Passage
range. Called the Autosub–Long
“In doing so, we have arrived at the Range, this target range exceeds that
beginning of a new era for glaciologists of the longest endurance propelled Example Mission: Crossing Drake Passage
and polar oceanographers,” said underwater vehicles of today Monitoring the variability in the Antarctic
Prof. Gwyn Griffiths, head of the – buoyancy-engined undersea gliders circumpolar current is most readily
Underwater Systems Laboratory, achieved at choke points, such as the
National Oceanography Centre,
Southampton. “Today, we are faced
Operations Drake Passage. Repeat hydrographic
surveys from research ships are primarily
with the challenge of delivering longer “We have looked at a number of made during the austral summer;
missions under ice, and doing so with potential of science missions that measurements during winter are few.
a very high degree of certainty of could be achieved with the Autosub–
completion. Long Range,” said Prof. Griffiths. Lagrangian profiling floats are wafted
“These illustrate the key attributes of through, with current jets of 1m/s-1
“We have also achieved another the new vehicle, which will undergo not unusual. For the same reason,
part of the driving Autosub vision: its first engineering sea trials in
that of deep-diving. With a depth January 2011 and be available for
specification of 6000m, the latest science missions from April 2012.” Continued Overleaf

Range predictions 8000


based on outline design
(km) vs. speed (ms-1) 7000
with hotel powers of
1W (blue trace), 2.5W 6000
(red trace) and 5W
(magenta). 5000
Range (km)

At moderate speeds 4000


the range is strongly
sensitive to the AUV 3000
speed, and at lower
speeds it has a high 2000
sensitivity to the hotel
power used. Ranges 1000
in excess of 6000 km
are possible with tight
control over sensor 0.2
power.
Under-ice missions

80 UT3 1Q 2010
Range
Autosub Design
After an exhaustive review of There are limitations necessary the full range of the vehicle is to be
technical options and cost, in achieving this 6000m diving achieved.
it was decided that the main depth and 6000km range
pressure vessel for Autosub–Long performance envelope. The main Long endurance missions also mean
Range would comprise a forged such limitation is maintaining low that the instruments should show
aluminium sphere. average energy consumption. minimal changes to their calibration.

Modern electronics allow While instruments that consume In situ platforms such as profiling
mechanical and electrical systems high power are not ruled out, Lagrangian floats with endurance
to deliver the engineering and data for example those using active of several years have shown what
acquisition performance required, acoustics, the average energy is possible with specially designed
at minimal power consumption. used must be sufficiently low if sensors.

Specifications
Components Cost £75000 Technical features
Mass 500 kg Propulsion Motor: Magnetically coupled d.c. electric motor with gearbox
housed at 1 bar pressure. Operating from 2 W to 50 W
Maximum Depth 6000 m
output with overall ~ 50% efficiency over full power range.
Maximum Range 6000 km
Speed range 0.3 to 1.4ms-1 Main Pressure 2 of 711 mm diameter forged aluminium sphere with
Typical power: 0.6 W equatorial ring for connector ports. Mass to displacement
ratio of 730 kg m-3 with an internal volume of 0.142 m3.
Sensor energy use 0.4 W
Onboard energy: 68 MJ Energy and 40 kg of primary lithium thionyl chloride cells, delivering
Max. payload volume 30 litres Power Source 68 M Joule at the operating power. Cost of £7000 per
Max. payload weight 10 kg in water pack. Additional buoyancy: High performance syntactic
foam with a density of 570 kg m-3 as on the Isis ROV.
Drag coefficient (vol2/3) 0.040
Propulsive efficiency 38% Control system Magnetically coupled d.c. motor driven stern plane and
hardware: rudder. Vehicle is highly directionally stable, hence mo-
tors can have low duty cycle, saving energy.

Control system Data handling and communications modules hosted


software on Marvel PXA270 running at 104 MHz, with Windows
CE operating system. Low-level control system using
PIC controllers and I2C bus.

Main control, Fitted sensors: Seabird SBE 52 CTD. RDI Teledyne 300
navigation kHz ADCP.

Navigation: GPS on surface. Dead Reckoning using


TCM5 flux gate compass, RDI Teledyne 300 kHz ADCP.
Seabird Digiquartz used for depth sensing. ADCP
beams used for constant altitude mode operation and
collision avoidance.

Communications: Two way Iridium satellite communications for science


data download, mission and configuration upload.
0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0
Relocation backup ARGOS beacon (in addition to Iridium system).
AUV Speed

UT3 1Q 2010
81
Autosub Long Range
crossing Drake Passage would be masses between the North Atlantic
challenging for undersea gliders, ocean and the Arctic ocean through Example Mission: Spatial Variability
especially if the need was to keep to the Nordic Seas between Greenland The last decade has seen a
a set course, for example to travel and NW Europe need to be better reinforcement of the need for
beneath a satellite altimeter track. understood.” multidisciplinary measurements from
moored deepwater reference stations.
With a depth rating well in excess “Ice thickness is more challenging to The international OceanSITES
of the 4500m maximum depth in estimate from satellite measurements programme coordinates more than
Drake Passage, an endurance that than ice extent, and there remains 60 time-series stations in a global
would enable a 2500km round-trip a need for extensive in situ network. Since 2002 NOCS has
mission from the Falkland Islands measurements, which can be made supported a deepwater mooring
to Elephant Island, and the ability from autonomous underwater on the Porcupine Abyssal Plain – PAP.
to speed up to 1.5m s-1 to reduce vehicles using upward-looking sonar.
the effect of crosstrack currents, the It examines complex oceanic
Autosub-Long Range is well suited “Access to the Arctic ocean today processes from the surface to the
to this task. involves complex logistics and seafloor by making measurements
ice-strengthened vessels. The next on the biological, chemical and
In this application the primary decade may see extensive use of physical conditions. Some data are
sensors would be a conductivity autonomous vehicles in the Arctic, transmitted in near real-time via
temperature and depth (CTD), such as sub-ice navigation infrastructure satellite, allowing
as the Seabird SBE41CP. Results across the basin becomes available. scientists to observe and hence
from six recovered profiling floats understand shortterm variability in
showed very low drift for this class The Autosub–Long Range could the physical processes, ecosystem
of instrument (less than -0.003 in contribute to a major research effort dynamics and nutrient cycling. Other
salinity and -0.002 °C) over 2–6 by enabling measurements under ice data is recorded on instruments and
years. across the entire basin. The 3500km retrieved on regular refurbishment
from Svalbard to Barrow, Alaska is cruises.
In addition, an acoustic doppler well within the planned endurance of
current profiler (ADCP) would the vehicle.” Observatories such as PAP provide
provide AUV-referenced velocity, invaluable time series at one
which, with absolute measurements With an average of 10W of power location. Interpretation of some of the
when on the surface and near the available for this mission, the data from such a single location can
seabed could be processed as a vehicle’s sonars would be able to be helped by knowledge of the ocean
lowered ADCP to obtain through- make ice thickness and water depth environment surrounding the
water column absolute velocity observations every 10m along its mooring. Such information could be
profiles. track, as well as a host of water gathered by sensors on a Autosub–
column measurements. Long Range.
Low power consumption optical
sensors, such as a fluorometer for Example Mission: Mid-Oceanic Ridges The mission could start from Bantry,
chlorophyll, an optode for dissolved The Mothra hydrothermal field, Ireland, 600km to the northeast
oxygen, radiometers and backscatter Endeavour segment on Juan de of PAP, avoiding the need for a
sensors could also be carried. Fuca Ridge 3, has a number of vent supporting research ship. The vehicle
site locations within the axial valley, would take 14 days to travel to PAP,
Example Mission: Crossing the Arctic Ocean at a depth of about 2270m. with enough energy for over 100
“The Arctic ocean is changing, days on site, before travelling back
reduced summer sea ice extent Temperature anomalies in the water to ‘refuel’.
being most visible. Changes beneath column were first found in 1986 and
the surface are less obvious, but no subsequent investigations led to the “Not constrained to follow a
less important,” said Prof. Griffiths. discovery of the vent fields a decade glider’s saw-tooth depth profile, the
later. An Inter Ridge Working Autosub–Long Range could perform
“Ocean acidification will first impact Group on long-range exploration area surveys at fixed depths or
high latitudes, as the waters become has been set up to establish how on isopycnal surfaces, as science
understaurated with respect to autonomous underwater vehicles requirements may specify, with a
calcite and aragonite. This will have might lead to systematic exploration suite of physical and biogeochemical
consequences for marine calcifiers for hydrothermal sites. The sensors,” said Prof. Griffiths. “The
including cold-water coral reefs. Autosub–Long Range is one of the vehicle would be able to make
vehicles being considered by the measurements from the sea surface
Variability in the exchanges of water Working Group for this task. to the seabed at 4800m.”

82 UT3 1Q 2010
Offshore

Renewables

Subsea Projects
Wind Turbine Installation Vessel

Installation vehicle

GustoMSC is to build a wind turbine and the diagonal pre-loading allow for Principal dimensions
installation jack-up vessel for an un- easy and fast installation.
disclosed client. It will be the largest Hull length 130.8m
of its kind serving the wind turbine Propulsion for transit is provided by Hull width 39m
Installation market. The NG-9000C- three propulsion azimuth thrusters of Hull depth 9m
HPE is intended for use in water 3500kW, together with another three Hull draft 5.6m
depths of up to 45m in a North Sea tunnel thrusters of 1750 kW. These Leg length max 81.50m
environment. provide thrust for station keeping with
a DP-2 dynamic positioning system. Main hoist 800t @ 24 m
The vessel will be able to undertake Transit speed approximately 12 kts. Minimum outreach 18 m
high speed fully loaded voyages to Whip hoist (manriding) 50t @ 90 m
the installation site. She is equipped The main deck is locally reinforced for Minimum outreach 21 m
with a DP-2 dynamic positioning the transportation of wind turbine parts
system for positioning at site. or other heavy components. In addition Power generation
the vessel has the ability to work in the 4 diesel generator sets of 4320kW
An accommodation deckhouse offshore oil and gas sector. 1 emergency diesel generator set of
suitable for 90 persons is located on 600 kW
the forward end of the vessel. A heli- The vessel features a 6,500 ton
copter landing deck suitable for a variable load capacity. The vessel is Operating condition
Sikorsky S92/ S61N or Super Puma equipped with the GustoMSC 9000C Significant wave height 1.8 m
AS 332L2 is provided on top of the continuous hydraulic positive engage- Wave peak period 4.0 – 10.0
accommodation deckhouse. ment jacking system. It has a maxi- Wind velocity 14m/s
mum jacking capacity of 5300t ft per Current velocity 2kt
Central to its operation is a 800t leg and a maximum holding capacity of
heavy duty offshore crane devel- 9000t ft per leg. The delivery is sched- Elevated survival condition
oped by GustoMSC. The GLC-800- uled for early 2012. Significant wave height 10.8m
ED crane combines a high capac- Wave peak period 13.5s
ity & high outreach with a short This project is a continuation of a coop- Wind velocity 41m/s
minimum radius, is located on eration between DDW-SEA and Gus- Current velocity 2.5 kn
top of the portside aft jack-house toMSC. Since 2005, it has designed
and revolves 360deg unrestricted and built four SEA-2000 construction Classification
around the leg. jack-ups, four CJ46-X100D drilling DNV 1A1 Self-elevating Wind Turbine
jack-ups, two service jack construction Installation Unit CLEAN DESIGN,
The four legs with the continuous / decommissioning jack-ups and one CRANE, DYNPOS-AUTR, E0,
speed GustoMSC jacking system SEA-2750 multi-purpose jack-up. HELDK, NAUT-OSV(A), OPP-F

UT3 1Q 2010
83
Subsea News

Subsea

NEWS
DOF in Angola
Aberdeen-based specialist subsea service
company DOF Subsea has been awarded a
contract worth around $8 million by Total Angola to
provide geotechnical survey services in the CLOV
development, offshore Angola.

To undertake the work, DOF subsea will be using its


vessel the Geograph and a third party geotechnical
spread.

Garry Millard, managing director of DOF Subsea UK


said: “We’re delighted to be delivering our services
from one of our own vessels, the Geograph. The
award of this contract is in line with our strategy to
develop our capabilities and services in the Africa
region.”

Dumping Rubble
DEME Group ordered the dynamically the all electric propulsion based on six each system in parallel.
positioned fall-pipe rock dumper thrusters. This allows the Flintstone to
Flintstone from Sembawang shipyard track (a pipeline) with great accuracy HAIN Subsea combines the
in Singapore in 2008. The rock and a fast update rate at all times, acoustic measurements from the
dumper will be commissioned in early which supports the quality of the dual HiPAP 500 and the readings
2011 and operated by Breda-based subsea structures being built. from the sensors onboard the
offshore specialist company Tideway. ROV in an optimum way. The
Use of two HiPAP 500 transducers navigation equations update the
The vessel has a load weight of increases the electrical and acoustic ROV position, velocity, heading and
19 000t and is specially designed for redundancy, and also increases attitude almost continuously based
creating high precision structures on the accuracy, as it opens for on the readings from the inertial
the sea bed, and other tasks, using redundant measurement with position measurement unit.
rock and gravel in bulk, etc. estimation based on two independent
measurements and a quality control. The advanced Kalman filter corrects
Key to the operation is the advanced these values when new acoustic
dual HiPAP 500, hydroacoustic aided The dual system uses both positions and readings from the
inertial navigation (HAIN), subsea transducers to measure the position other ROV sensors are available.
and dynamic positioning (DP) system of one single target (transponder) This results in improved position
developed by Kongsberg, and the by separately controlling the beam accuracy and update rate, compared
comparatively high DP capability of forming and phase measurement for to the acoustic measurements.

84 UT3 1Q 2010
Subsea News
Pulse Monitoring
Acteon has formed a new business “The technology in this area has
unit, to be known as Pulse Structural developed considerably in recent
Monitoring, specifically to provide years,” says Pei An, the head of
structural monitoring equipment, Pulse Structural Monitoring. “What
systems and services to the offshore was once viewed as an research and
industry. development exercise has evolved
into an established commercial
The business was previously business. We need to be attuned to
embedded within the portfolio of customers’ requirements in a more
group company 2H Offshore, but was mature and increasingly competitive
spun out as a stand-alone enterprise market. These needs centre on
to create greater focus and intensity sound, independent advice and
within the organisation, expand guidance, highly reliable and cost-
the customer base and grow the effective monitoring systems and
business. high standards of service.”

ScanCutter
Scanmudring has developed an cut steel armoured umbilicals and
umbilical/wire cutter for offshore use. wires up to 54mm and ultimate tensile
Called the ScanCutter, it is remotely strength of 1770N/mm2.
operated from a pneumatic control
panel, preventing the need for
personnel to stay close to the cutting
area. Default cable length for the
remote control panel is 8m, but can
be extended if required.

The ScanCutter can be powered


by either air pressure (8 bar) or
dedicated nitrogen bottle (5kg)
included in the spread. The
ScanCutter spread is mobilised in
a single aluminum box, for easy
handling and transport.
The ScanCutter
The simple and reliable system can

UWC Equipment
Tritech has provided The Underwater Tritech supports the expert training
Centre, Fort William, with two of its provided at The Centre and is
high technology products to assist in encouraged that students will
subsea training. have access to modern equipment
known and accepted as an industry
During a recent visit to the deep- standard throughout the world.
water training site, Tritech Product
Line Managers Ben Grant and As a commercial diver and ROV
Andrew Seaton, presented The pilot technician training facility, The
Underwater Centre with a Super Underwater Centre fully supports
SeaPrince DST sonar – Tritech’s industry testing and subsea trials.
survey, observation and light class Working with The Centre, Tritech
ROV sonar and a Seanet Surface recently trialled the very latest in its
Control Unit (SCU) Processor. The subsea technologies, including the
Super SeaPrince sonar will be fitted newest edition to the SeaKing sonar
to one of the Centre’s Seaeye Falcon range, due for launch mid-2010.
ROV Class II vehicles.
Above: The Paul Bury, Head of ROV
Flintstone Right: Operations and Training, The
Tritech’s sonar and SCU will be fully
Dual HiPAP 500 Underwater Centre, said: “This
transducers
utilised in the subsea training and
development of ROV pilot technicians donation from Tritech is a fantastic
increase the
as they develop their flying skills, addition and will allow us to
electrical
and acoustic in the open-water conditions at the continue to train the very best ROV
redundancy Centre’s purpose-built facilities. pilots and technicians.”

UT3 1Q 2010
85
Subsea News

Subsea

NEWS

Deep water oil export pumps


Hughes Pumps has recently The Hughes pumping systems being filling system is rated to 50m³/hr at 10
completed a contract to supply used on the PLSVs include flexible bar, a mid pressure system rated to
eight pumping systems for use on lines hydrostatic test and chemical 10m³/hr at 310 bar and a high pressure
Subsea 7 and Technip pipe laying injection systems (HTCIS) for the system rated to 0.4m³/hr at 517 bar.
support vessels (PLSV) working pressure testing of flexible flow lines
on a $200million engineering, using seawater, as well as flushing In addition there is a chemical injection
procurement, installation, and and hydrostatic test units (FHTU) for system (CIS) to meter oxygen remover
commissioning (EPIC) contract flushing and hydrostatic testing of and biologic inhibitor into the process
awarded by Petrobras, to lay umbilicals with an hydraulic fluid used line. The output of all three pumping
flexible flow lines to the seabed for production control in the offshore systems is fully adjustable and the CIS
for deep water oil export in the oil and gas industry unit automatically maintains the correct
Campos Basin, offshore Rio de level of chemical dosing irrespective of
Janeiro. The Hughes HTCIS integrated units pump outputs.

86 UT3 1Q 2010
Subsea News
Abrasive Cutting
InterMoor has completed its sixth job in the Gulf
of Mexico using its recently enhanced Scimitar
Abrasive Cutting Tool.

InterMoor’s Scimitar Abrasive Cutting Tool is


the only tool of its kind where the abrasive is
introduced at the cutting head versus a slurry mix
(abrasive mixed at the high pressure pump). It has
had a 100% success rate.

The tool uses ultra high pressure water to move


abrasive at transonic speeds to cut virtually any
type of material. It was adapted from a pneumatic
tool to a hydraulic tool that centralizes inside of
the pile or caisson.

The Scimitar Abrasive Cutting Tool sizes cover


a range of casing outside diameters 7–16 in.,
16–48 in. and 52–72 in. It is available in three
sizes with lengths of 12, 15 and 20ft and weights
of 500, 1000 and 1400 lbs.

Scimitar Abrasive Cutting Tool

Uniquely Sonardyne
Aberdeen rental company, Unique System has
added Sonardyne’s Ranger-Pro Ultra-Short
BaseLine (USBL) acoustic positioning system to its
Above: The Lochnagar which was used to deploy the system. inventory. The company, which has only recently
Inset - the installation being carried out opened its Aberdeen facility, has also bought a
number of Wideband Sub-Mini transponders,
acoustic release transponders and associated
The system also included flow rate and discharge pressure deck command units.
readings from each pump. Prior to installation, new umbilicals were
flushed using two HPS650 pumps, each rated to 50 lpm at 400 bar. The portable Ranger-Pro package bought by
A 3.2 lpm at 690 bar pump was then used to hydrostatically test Unique System is intended for the most advanced
the umbilicals. survey applications and can be temporarily
installed on vessels of opportunity.
Fluid cleanliness had to meet NAS 1638 class 6 or better
necessitating the need for a separate filling and filtering system to It incorporates Sonardyne’s unique ‘ping stacking’
permanently filter the fluid. Other applications for Hughes Pumps technology which provides one second position
in the offshore oil and gas industry include; subsea cleaning & update rates independent of water depth, tracking
cutting, surface preparation of oil & gas platforms, ships decks and of up to 10 targets and full ocean depth operating
ballast tanks using ultra high pressure (UHP) water at up to 2750 range. The system is compatible with a wide range
bar, methanol injection and pumping crude oil. of industry transponders

UT3 1Q 2010
87
Subsea News

Subsea

NEWS
Subsea Inspection
Tracerco has developed its novel
inspection techniques to provide
a rapid, cost effective and reliable
method to assist operators and
integrity management companies
with statutory and routine vessel
condition assessment in a subsea
environment.

The Tracerco Diagnostics Scanning


techniques have been widely used
for over 50 years in the process
industry to define tank inventories
and to locate gas/liquid interfaces,
liquid/liquid interfaces and solid
accumulations.

The inspection technologies are now


available for subsea application, to system produces a significant change intervention or weld failure. The
provide accurate and fully reliable in signal as it moves from the oil to sensitivity is reliant on geometry of
subsea measurements for vapour/ water. A more prominent response is the detector and thickness of the
liquid interfaces contained within obtained for a vapour/liquid interface. vessel wall. Typically, the scan can
mid water arches, buoyancy tanks, This situation can occur when the accurately determine a level through
mooring points and other such integrity of the internal compartments up to 50mm of steel.
subsea equipment. is breached following any unplanned

Vessel integrity can now be


determined real time via online
measurements, which effectively
make the vessel transparent thereby,
SAS pipeline Inspection
providing “insight onsite”. C & C Technologies completed its photographic-quality, real-time
second successful contract for a acoustic imagery across the entire
The technique is non-intrusive and is major oil company using synthetic transmission range precluding the
easily deployable by diver operated aperture sonar (SAS) technology typical necessity to run many
or remotely operated vehicle to assess the integrity of pipeline perpendicular survey lines.
(ROV). The detector feeds real time structures in the Gulf of Mexico.
inspection data to the Tracerco This enabled C & C to complete a
Diagnostics engineer on the deck, Both SAS projects were accomplished faster, more cost-effective pipeline
where expert interpretation provides with the Applied inspection survey and reduced the
the client with instant feedback. Signal Technology (AST) developed amount of time required for geologists
PROSAS Surveyor SAS sonar. to interpret the pipeline images.
The detector is moved up and down
the outside vessel emitting its signal In the summer of 2009, C & C The level of detail produced by
through the vessel wall and into employed the PROSAS to evaluate PROSAS Surveyor enabled the
the stored medium. The resultant potential unsupported sections of customer to evaluate critical spans in
response signal provides an accurate pipelines on the seafloor resulting the pipeline structure and to
profile of the content of the tank/ from marine traffic, tidal scour, and pinpoint the exact location for
vessel. storm impact and to determine necessary structural repairs, thereby
whether structural repairs were mitigating the need for significant dive
The highly sensitive and stable required. operation costs.

Recently mobilised aboard the 136ft The key differentiator of SAS


utility support vessel Andrew Charles, technology in this latest survey was
the PROSAS Surveyor performed a its ability to image so accurately on
Profile of two-day 24/7 mission acquiring sonar the initial parallel pass that running
a buoy’s data with one square inch resolution perpendicular passes on the pipelines,
contents at 150m range per side. the normal survey approach using
traditional side scan systems, added
The system produced high definition, no benefit to the overall picture.

88 UT3 1Q 2010
Low voltage LED Light
Birns has introduced its all new It weighs in at 209g (7.4oz) in air, or
Aquila-LED lighting system. Built 64g (2.3oz) in water and features a
to withstand the rigors of deep sea 60mm diameter housing with a brilliant,
applications – from illuminating ROVs 60deg beam − effectively piercing the
and underwater photography to depths with a potent 4500K white light.
helmet-mounted use in commercial
diving – the versatile new Aquila-LED Its wire-free construction combines to help sink heat into the water.
provides incredible illumination in a advanced design characteristics with
compact, lightweight silhouette that a streamlined 97mm (3.8in) profile The Aquila’s new ergonomically-
can be seamlessly customised to fit a that makes it simple to relamp – just designed mounting diameter is
wide range of uses. 30 seconds, with no tools needed. compact, with a coarse diamond
The design includes new features that knurled surface for easy hand gripping
Part of the new ‘L’ series, this provide increased heat dissipation, or positioning on a mounting bracket.
powerful LED light delivers high like four conduit channels that It’s made of lightweight 6061 hard
performance under pressure with a enhance water flow across the lens black anodized aluminium, has a
small yet powerful design. and specially engineered cooling fins depth rating of 200m.

ARMS
Bowtech has developed a monitoring system which they of semi-submersible rigs around the world. The image
say could result in significant cost savings. Called the below is from a recent installation in Namibia on the
anchor retrieval monitoring system (ARMS) system, it GSF Rig 140.
monitors each individual mooring chain and anchor on
semi submersible drilling rigs, eliminating up to 16 hours of
operational time per rig move.

Designed around our state-of-the-art colour CCD 36:1


zoom camera and utilising the latest technology in LED
lighting, the ARMS system removes the need to ballast
and de-ballast the rig to ensure the anchors are stowed
safely.

Controlled remotely from either the winch house or remote


bridge, the ARMS system provides safety and security of
staff and assets along with huge cost savings every time
the rig is moved.

This system is already achieving success on a number ARMS system improves rig mooring

Data Buoys
In May 2008 AADI (Aanderaa Data During 2009 the 30cm diameter Experimental tests confirmed that
Instruments) entered an agreement buoy, with was tested in a number of the buoy are able to withstand a
with the Norwegian Clean different oil spill exercises as well as drop from the specified altitude
Sea Association for Operating in man overboard exercises and other of 50m above sea level. This
Companies (NOFO), to develop a types of exercise. property makes it possible to
small drifting buoy that has similar drop from a fixed installation or
drift characteristics as an oil slick According to the design specifications from a helicopter.
on the sea surface. the vessels should be able to pick
up the signals from the buoy at a During an oil spill exercise at
Information from the drifting distance of at least three nautical the Frigg field in the North Sea
buoys are displayed on the miles, the tests have shown that good in early June 2009 the drifting
electronic chart system onboard signals were picked up at a distance buoys were used to track
any vessel that has up-to-date of 7 nautical miles with wave heights remnant oil slicks that were
ECDIS software according to IMO of 10m and 12 nautical miles on a escaping from the main spill.
standards. calm sea.

UT3 1Q 2010
89
Company News

Company

News

90 UT3 1Q 2010
Company News
Gusto Contracts
Dutch design and engineering company offshore wind turbines one week after
GustoMSC completed a number of delivery delivered by Lemants to
projects in 2009. These included: GEOSEA

l The GustoMSC SEA2000 series l The DSS21 class Maersk


construction jack-ups JB-114 & JB-115 Discoverer DP deepwater drilling
were delivered by Drydocks World semi-submersible is the first of
– South East Asia. the series of three. It is presently
operating in the Gulf of Mexico for a
l The a GustoMSC NG2500-X unit four years contract with Statoil Naga 2
Seajacks Leviathan – sister vessel of and Perro Negro 6
the Seajacks Kraken was delivered by
Lamprell Energy to Seajacks and is l The Naga 2 and Perro Negro 6
currently under contract for Fluor at the are GustoMSC CJ46-X100-D jack-up
Greater Gabbard offshore wind farm. drilling units for 350 ft water depth.
Both units were delivered by Drydocks
l The Maersk Reacher is the World – South East Asia to their
fourth of the GustoMSC CJ50-X100 respective owners UMW Singapore
vessels delivered by Keppel FELS Drilling and Saipem, . These units are
to Maersk Drilling. With its modern part of a series of four at this yard.
drilling equipment centred around the
GustoMSC X-Y cantilever, this rig can l The Gold Star is a DSS38 unit,
operate in a water depth of 350ft. The developed by GustoMSC and Keppel
first rig, Maersk Resilient, commenced DTG, delivered by Keppel FELS to
operations in February 2008 for Dubai the Brazilian operator Queiroz Galvão
Petroleum Establishment. Óleo e Gás. The Gold Star and its
sister unit Alpha Star will support
l The GustoMSC SEA2000 unit Petrobras’ exploration and production
Goliath was on its first job to install activities offshore Brazil.

Nautronix software gets a TickIT of approval


Aberdeen based, Nautronix have been core discipline within Nautronix, this
certified with the international software has been demonstrated internally
standard TickIT in a move to highlight over the last few years with the
high standards within the organisation. significant growth in our software
department.
The company, which specialises
in acoustic signalling technology “We are currently carrying out
solutions for communication and important development work with
positioning in the subsea environment, NASNet and MASMUX so it’s
were audited against the TickIT important we ensure that we are
standard which puts best practices into working to the highest possible
software development, implementation standards.
and control processes within an
organisation. “While we have always been
confident of our ability to do this the
Nautronix already hold ISO9001:2008. TickIT accreditation allows us to
They say that the move was important demonstrate to others that we are
to highlight to their customers and working to a consistently high level.
The GustoMSC CJ46-X100-D the industry that their software
jack-up drilling units Naga 2 and development is of the highest class. “Gaining this standard does not come
Perro Negro 6 for work in 350 ft lightly and I’m impressed with the
water depth Managing Director, Mark Patterson work the team has carried out over
said “Software is an important and the last year to achieve this.”

UT3 1Q 2010
91
Cables and Umbilicals

Cables and
Umbilicals
Wind farm Cables
Cable contracts have recently been
placed by the consortium of DONG
Energy, E.ON and Masdar, which is
currently building the world’s largest
offshore wind farm in the Thames
Estuary.

The London Array wind farm is being


installed on a 233 km2 site located
around 20km off the UK coast. It
will be connected by subsea export
cables to an onshore substation at
Cleve Hill, on the North Kent coast.
From the substation, the electricity
will be fed into the existing 400kV
transmission network

Construction is taking place in two


phases. The first phase of 630MW,
consisting of 175 turbines and two
offshore substations will be installed
in water depths of up to 23m some
20km (12 miles) from the Kent and
Essex coasts in the outer Thames
Estuary.

This expected to be completed and


generating in 2012.

The future second phase will


add capacity to bring the total to
1000MW and will supply enough
power for around 750 000 UK factory in Halden. The cables will They can weigh up to 120kg per metre of
homes. also incorporate fibre-optic elements cable according to the conductor cross-
manufactured at the Nexans factory section. A single cable can weigh up to
Nexans in Rognan, Norway. In addition, the 7000t.
Nexans has won a contract worth contract also includes the cable
approximately €100 million to accessories such as repair joints and Over the past few years, Nexans has
design, manufacture and supply the terminations. demonstrated its expertise through
high voltage (HV) subsea power participation in many offshore wind farm
export cables that will connect the “This new contract is the result of projects worldwide: Barrow, Horns Rev,
London Array wind farm to the UK several years of Nexans’ involvement Lynn and Inner Dowsing, Wolfe Island
grid. in the offshore wind sector in general and others.
and in the UK in particular. We are
The power export cable contract happy to demonstrate once again JDR
comprises the design, manufacture with this major contract Nexans’ JDR Cable Systems was awarded the
and supply of four 150 kV XLPE ability to provide key cable solutions contract for the supply of subsea power
submarine power cables to be laid in for a better deployment of wind array cables for the same field.
parallel, each 53 to 54km in length, farm infrastructures”, says Krister
with three copper core conductors Granlie, managing director of Nexans’ The scope includes the engineering,
with a cross-section of 630 mm2 for Umbilicals and Submarine High design and manufacture of over 200km
the main length and 800mm² at each Voltage Business Group. of 33kV array cables complete with
cable end. proprietary hang-off and termination
High voltage cables for typical offshore systems, providing the essential
Nexans will deliver two of the projects are usually produced in one link between individual wind turbine
cables in 2011 and two in 2012, all single length of about 50km. This generators, wind turbine generator arrays
of them being delivered in single requires specific industrial know-how and the offshore substations. The cables
continuous lengths from Nexans’ and manufacturing technology. will be produced in 2010 and 2011.

92 UT3 1Q 2010
.....

Cables and Umbilicals


Cable Contract
LS Cable has completed the With this project, LS Cable is
first-in-Korea submarine cable planning to establish internal
factory in Donghae City, engineering and construction
Gangwon Province. It will methodologies with which it intends
fabricated a new 250kV to enter overseas markets including
submarine cable line Europe and South East Asia.
connecting Jeju Island and
Jindo Island, 105km away. Due to strong technological barriers,
the high-voltage submarine cable
LS Cable received the KRW market has been dominated by a
330 billion order for the direct few European companies, so Korea
current connection project from previously had to import the high-tech
KEPCO in February 2009. cables. LS Cable is now planning
to develop new products by 2013
Installation will begin in May including a 500kV submarine cable
2010 and is scheduled to be and an umbilical cable that can
completed by the end of 2011. transfer even gas and water.

Shore-End Plough
Tyco has deployed a new, cable landing,” said James
top-of-the-line shore-end Herron, managing director at Tyco
plough in a recent cable Telecommunications.
landing operation.
This new plough is part of an
The plough, which enables upgrade programme to equip
continuity of burial from every vessel with a complete set of
beach to deep water, tools, cable ploughs and remotely
provides enhanced efficiency operated vehicles (ROVs), to

Prysman and shallow water burial


capability without the need
provide multi-mission flexibility
fleet-wide.
Prysmian has been awarded an €18 million for manual diver jet burial.
contract by the Danish utility DONG Energy The new plows are capable under
to supply a complete 132kV export cable “The new shore-end plough suitable conditions of trenching
system for the second phase of the Walney was an essential tool in our and burying submarine cable to a
Offshore Wind Farm project in the Irish Sea. recent operation and resulted depth of 3.0m in down to 2000m of
in a seamless and efficient water depth.
This project is expected to be completed by
summer 2011.

The second phase of the Walney project


consists of the expansion of the existing
wind farm structure through the construction
of 51 new turbines, which will generate an
extra 183MW power.

In particular, Prysmian will be involved


in the design and supply of a submarine
and land cable system, which will connect
the offshore wind farm to the mainland
power grid. The submarine cables will be
manufactured at the Prysmian submarine
cables factory based in Arco Felice, Italy,
and the land cables at the factory based in Tyco has deployed a new, top-of-the-line
Wrexham, Great Britain. shore-end plough

UT3 1Q 2010
93
Cables and Umbilicals

Cables and
Umbilicals
Hyperbaric Testing
Programme
Birns has introduced a new high
performance hydrostatic pressure
testing system, with a range of vessels
rated to 20 000, 10 000, 5000 and
1000 psi. The company has also
added a high volume helium testing
capability, exceeding stringent ABS
requirements for man-rated penetrator
testing.

The breakthrough new system


provides an enhanced, streamlined,
efficient means with which to test
a wide range of products for both
rigorous safety and demanding
performance requirements.

Birns has provided hydrostatic Wave hub contract


pressure testing for man-rated
The Hydro Group has been awarded The Hydro Renewable Connector
electrical penetrators and complex
a contract worth £500 000 in a deal (HRC), the result of extensive research
connector solutions for more than
that will see the global solution and development has been designed to
15 years, with the addition of
provider of optical and electrical meet the specific needs of the marine
saltwater testing in the last four.
subsea products collaborating on the renewable market.
However, this new investment in the
Wave Hub project.
custom-engineered testing system
The HRC connects wave or tidal power
has exponentially increased Birns’
Wave Hub is a marine renewable generation units to heavy armoured
existing capabilities, and is expected
infrastructure project being developed seabed cables. The current design
to significantly reduce and help
by the South West RDA (Regional is rated at 12 kV and future product
accurately forecast both time and
Development Agency). It is situated development will increase the operating
costs.
on the seabed in some 50m of sea voltage to 33 kV.
water approximately 16km off the
The new hyperbaric device has a
coast of Cornwall and connected to Hydro Group managing director, Doug
unique control panel for diverse,
the National Grid via a subsea cable. Whyte, said “Marine renewables are
comprehensive testing on up to
a key focus for the company, not only
three circuits and in six chambers
Hydro Group has been sub-contracted in the UK, but also internationally as
simultaneously, allowing several
by JDR Cable Systems to provide a other country’s governments commit
different tests to be run on multiple
new high voltage connector for the considerable financial support to their
products. In addition, the new system
marine renewable project which is own energy strategies.
provides four new versatile 12in test
being funded by the South West RDA,
chambers, which can be filled in 30
UK Government and the European
seconds and drained in 10 seconds.
Regional Development Fund.
Each one has quarter-turn quick-lock
lids, which can be raised and lowered
on their own electric winches.

Furthermore, the new design has three


separate hydraulic pumps that provide
main, auxiliary and back-up power
for the system, along with four feed-
through ports for each individual test
chamber, for increased capability for
electrical testing under pressure.
The Hydro Renewable Connector (HRC)

94 UT3 1Q 2010
Salvage

Chemical tanker refloated

Chemical Tanker Vinca Gorthon


T&T BISSO has Titan Salvage’s jack-up barges Karlissa-A and and gas and wind parks. The wreck is
successfully refloated a Karlissa-B were used in the wreck removal blocking part of the navigational route.
chemical and oil tanker that of the Vinca Gorthon, a roll-on/roll-off vessel, Titan is scheduled to have the vessel
ran aground near Jamaica. which sank in the North Sea in 1988. The removed by Nov 2010.
Ministry of Waterways North Sea Division,
The company mobilised a part of the Dutch, Ministry of Waterways, The Karlissa-A and Karlissa-B jack-up
salvage team, lightering awarded Titan the wreck removal project. barges operate in the most demanding
equipment and pollution marine environments. The barges,
response gear after the The Vinca Gorthon lies approximately 29km which have a combined total of 1880m
tanker, loaded with 17 000t off the Netherland coast at a depth of 24.5m of clear deck space, can jack in depths
of ethanol, ran aground in a very busy shipping traffic lane. The of up to 50m. The Karlissa-B has a
off the southeast coast of vessel protrudes 10m from the seabed and 272t capacity platform ringer crane.
Jamaica after sailing from has become a danger to modern ships with a The barges can load over 900t and are
Port Esquivel. draft of 15m or more. adaptable to accommodate upwards of
1350t of vertical lift or 130t of lateral pull
The T&T BISSO salvage The Vinca Gorthon weighs approximately utilizing Titan pullers.
team performed a ship- 19 000t with cargo, and measures 166 meters
to-ship transfer of 4600t long and 23m wide. The ship, which was In 2008, Titan used both the Karlissa-
of ethanol to lighten the laden with rolls of paper and tank trailers with A and Karlissa-B barges, which were
tanker, conducted an paper pulp, was enroute from the Swedish raised 40 feet above the surf zone,
environmental assessment port of Oskarshamn to Antwerp, Belgium to remove the New Carissa, a 640ft
and safely refloated when she sank. (195m) wood-chip carrier, which ran
the vessel. The crew aground just north of Coos Bay, Oregon
backloaded the cargo and Prompt removal of the wreck is critical during a February 1999 storm. The
delivered the tanker to its due to the increase in the number of ship barges served as a stable platform for
owners with no damage to movements in the North Sea related to the salvage team to work on and above
the environment. developments in offshore energy, including oil a very active surf zone.

UT3 1Q 2010
95
Abansonment

Abandonment

Centre section of jacket removed

New Equipment for Frigg Decommissioning Project


Specialist cutting provider Cutting technology to make the 73 separate removal of the QP jacket over two
Underwater Technologies (CUT) cuts into the jacket structure. The mobilisations. Working in some 99m
has completed a seven figure cuts ranged in size from 24–72in, of water CUT carried out the cuts on
value project as part of the Total and used five diamond wire cutting the primary piles (1372mm dia by
Norge-operated Frigg cessation machines with capacities of up to 74in 47.3mm wall thickness) as well as
project. to complete all the cuts. the insert pile 1067mm diameter by
38mm wall thickness). Each cut was
The company, a provider to The work required the construction completed using a single wire at an
the decommissioning and of custom-built deployment baskets average cut time of 3.6 hrs per cut.
abandonment industry, carried for the 36in and 50in diamond wire
out work in several phases on the cutting machines (DWCM), adjustable CUT UK Sales and Marketing
Frigg DP1 and QP platform jackets to allow different angles of approach Manager Duncan Griffiths said: “The
for Saipem as well as the DP2 to match the angle applicable to each versatility of our approach is helping
Jacket and topsides work on the individual cut. our clients develop innovative
MCP01 for Aker. solutions to their decommissioning
Extensive trim trials and workclass strategies that save time and money
The work was carried out over a ROV skid fitment trials were carried while minimising environmental
number of campaigns in 2007, out in advance and the bespoke impact.
2008 and 2009, staged to meet approach ensured additional
the timeline and support vessel accessibility and buoyancy which “To facilitate the installation of
availability. delivered reduced cutting times and the floatation tanks two under-
costs to the client. driven piles which were forming an
On the final phase of the DP1 obstruction were severed.
jacket dismemberment, CUT used Additionally, for Saipem, the company
its innovative diamond wire cutting carried out eight cuts as part of the Then, once the tanks had been

96 UT3 1Q 2010
QP Jacket being lifted by crane barge

installed, a further
Abandonment
16 cuts to the corner Aberdeen-based TSMarine Subsea has been awarded a £500,000 contract to abandon
(1422mm diameter, two North Sea wells for Petro-Canada UK. The new contract will see TSMarine Subsea
70mm wall thickness) prepare a programme to abandon two Category One suspended subsea wells in block
and the inner (1067 mm 25 of the Moray Firth region for the Canadian operator.
diameter, 70mm wall
thickness) piles were Offering a range of
completed. A standard rigless well interven-
64in DWCM was used tion, decommission-
to carry out all the ing and construction
cuts”. support solutions to the
global subsea oil and
CUT was subsequently gas industry, TSMarine
awarded the contract Subsea will lead the
to carry out the cutting project to sever and
associated with recover the wellheads
the piece-by-piece using abrasive water jet
demolition of the jacket cutting technology.
at the Stord Fjord in
Norway. This project The Rem Poseidon, a
was carried out by the multi-purpose support
Groups Norwegian vessel on long term
operation “CUT charter to TSMarine
TSMarine Subsea personnel mobilise for well abandonment
AS” based close to Subsea will be used to
operations on the Rem Poseidon
Stavanger at Ålgård. complete the project.

UT3 1Q 2010
97
Abansonment

Abandonment

Above and left: The site of the decommissioning facility at Dales Voe

Deep-water Decommissioning Base


AF Decom Offshore UK and Lerwick Dales Voe features a 12.5m water AF is a well established in the
Port Authority have entered into depth alongside a 52m quay, which nordic countries for removal,
an exclusivity agreement with the is suitable for very heavy lifts, as well demolition, environmental
intention of developing a deep water as more than 20m’ water depth in the reconstruction and recycling of
quay facility at Dales Voe, Lerwick, approaches and direct access to the buildings, industrial plants and
Shetland. north sea. Warehousing is available offshore installations.
from the port authority.
It is to be developed as a Lerwick is established as one
decommissioning centre, capable of Work is currently under way by of the principal deep-water
meeting the growing UK requirement the port authority to expand the harbours in the northern north
for the abandonment of major already extensive laydown area sea, with extensive experience
structures located in the northern which will facilitate the handling of in the offshore oil and gas and
North Sea. decommissioning projects. decommissioning sectors.

98 UT3 1Q 2010
UT3 1Q 2010
99
Vessels

O F F S H O R E

Vessels
Noordhoek Pathfinder
The Noordhoek Pathfinder
was recently launched at the
De Hoop shipyard in Foxhol
– The Netherlands.

The ship is a state of the


art 62m remotely operated
vehicle (ROV) and survey
support vessel. The ship
is currently undergoing the
final stages of installation
and commissioning of the
crane and survey spread
prior to commencing sea
trials. Shewill be fully
commissioned and ready for
deployment in early 2010.

The Noordhoek Pathfinder


is mobilised with a Grade 2
dynamic positioning system
(DPII), diesel electric drive,
a large moon pool, a 25t
offshore crane. She is also
equipped with workclass
and onspection ROV
systems, side scan sonar
tow-fish, McArtney Focus
2 ROTV systems and a
technologically advanced
survey suite.

With accommodation for


40 people split between
single and double cabins,
the Noordhoek Pathfinder
exceeds the latest
environmental and acoustic
standards ensuring quiet
operations whilst at survey
speeds.

The vessel’s main functions


will be inspection, repair and
maintenance, hydrography,
geotechnical investigation,
and analogue / digital
geophysical survey.

Noordhoek’s have also


commissioned a 76m DPII
saturation dive support
vessel called the Noordhoek
Constructor. She is also
undergoing the final stages
of construction and is due
to commence operations in
early Q1 2010.

100 UT3 1Q 2010


.....

Vessels
Jumbo Javelin
Jumbo Shipping’s latest newbuild, belt at the centre of the pier, the checked swell statistics of the last
the Jumbo Jubilee, completed its loading operation was relatively easy. ten years and using detailed weather
maiden voyage after successfully It was at Tubarão, where offloading forecasts and computer analysis to
loading, transporting and installing and installation were due, that was predict the vessels’ behaviour. Thus,
two 1250t shiploaders for FL Smidth challenging. a window of opportunity was identified
in challenging circumstances. consisting of manageable wave
The port of Tubarão is half open to heights and periods. When a window
The Jumbo Jubilee sailed from her the sea and is continuously subjected was chosen, the vessel was ballasted
home port Rotterdam, for Vitória, to swell. As conditions vary between to an optimum level of stability,
Brazil, where two shiploaders were 0.20m and 1.10m swell, ship and resulting in minimum pitch and roll in
waiting, each with a processing cargo can easily become the victim of the given conditions.
capacity of 16 000t iron ore per roll or swing, a real challenge when
hour. With ample clearance between handling a 1250t piece of equipment. The shiploader was lifted on board,
crane jib and cargo and enough brought to Tubarão and installed
lifting height to clear the conveyor safely on its rails, under control and
Jumbo’s engineering department according to plan.

The Jumbo Jubilee

UT3 1Q 2010
101
Report

Thames Esturary Report


Emu Limited has recently
delivered the final report for the
Outer Thames Estuary Regional
Environmental Characterisation
(REC) which was funded by
the Marine Aggregate Levy
Sustainability Fund (Marine ALSF).

The contract was awarded to Emu


Limited in June 2008 to undertake
the REC Interpretation and
Analysis (following data acquisition
during surveys commissioned by
the Marine ALSF in Summer 2007).
The completed study has produced
a high quality reference document
enabling confident, informed and
consistent decision making by all
stakeholders including developers,
regulators, government advisors
and other interested parties.
The REC offers a context for the
integrated management of offshore
resources and marine spatial
planning for the Outer Thames
Estuary.

The report provides an


environmental reference statement
defining marine and seabed
conditions within the Outer Thames
Estuary. The Outer Thames
REC is part of a series of four
REC Projects commissioned
by the Marine ALSF to develop
understanding of Britain’s
submerged habitats and heritage
via broad scale characterisation of
the seabed habitats, their biological
communities and potential historic
environment assets within the
regions. The Outer Thames
Estuary is the first of the four REC
studies to be completed.

The Marine ALSF offers the


opportunity to acquire and interpret
a high quality, integrated physical
and biological dataset for the
first time in this region, enabling
broad scale characterisation of
the geology, seabed processes,
habitats, biological communities
and heritage features. The Marine
ALSF Steering Group are pleased
to announce the launch of the
Outer Thames WEBGIS which
will provide the opportunity to
browse and visualise a number
of geospatial datasets submitted
as part of the Thames REC (Data
Interpretation and Analysis) Project.
The datasets for the survey and
interpretation phases are available
from the Marine ALSF
Habitat and biotope complexes of the Outer Thames Estuary REC interpreted from an integrated physical

102 UT3 1Q 2010


and biological survey dataset. Copyright British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited. All rights reserved. Products Licence 042006.001.’

UT3 1Q 2010
103
Oceanology

Oceanology

Posidonia Oceania
Posidonia oceanica is species “Just think that the loss of a single
of seagrass endemic to the metre of grassland can lead to the
Mediterranean Sea. It forms large disappearance of several meters
underwater meadows that provide of beach due to erosion,” said a
important environmental services to spokesman. “Furthermore, regression
the region and beyond. of grasslands involves a loss of
biodiversity and deterioration of water
Sometimes called the ‘Olive Oil quality.”
of the Sea’, recent research has
established a new scientific method Research
for its detection, classification The research on Oceanic Posidonia
and volume estimation. Simrad has seen a major boom in recent years.
Spain has proposed the use of
hydroacoustic technology for this “The importance of the flora in the
purpose. marine ecosystem balance has become
obvious and is beyond question,” said
So why is Posidonia vital to the marine a spokesman. “Among the underwater
ecosystem? flora of our environment the Posidonia
oceanica is of special importance. It is
“The grass meadow is a ‘climax a species that has a powerful attraction
community’ representing the highest to be endemic to the Mediterranean
level of development and complexity and the key to ensuring biodiversity of
that a marine ecosystem can reach, the seabed.
said a spokesman for Simrad.
“It is subject to many threats, given
“Posidonia in coastal ecosystems the increase in human activities such Acoustics Association, highlighted the
plays a major role for several reasons. as chemical spills, discharge of brine excellent results obtained in detecting
Thanks to its leaf development, the from desalination plants, construction and classifying seabed vegetation
environment frees up to 20 liters of port infrastructure and indiscriminate by combined application of acoustic
of oxygen per day and per m2 of trawling. In addition, other non-human methods.
meadow. It produces and exports factors such as the encroachment of
biomass both to surrounding invasive species to the Posidonia also They combined a single beam
ecosystems and to greater depths pose a threat to their survival. echosounder, which enables
and provides shelter and breeding classification of the seafloor and
grounds for many fish, cephalopods, “We must consider the slow processes its vegetation, a multi-beam sonar,
bivalves, gastropods, echinoderms of growth and recovery of a damaged which generates micro-relief, and a
and tunicates. area. It is estimated that the Posidonia side scan sonar, imaging the seafloor
extends through the meadows at the reflectivity and thus enabling the
“It consolidates the seafloor to help rate of one centimetre per year, so spatial classification of seafloor types
offset costs and excessive sediment if you try to retrieve a square foot, it and vegetation. The data from these
transport due to coastal currents. It would take a century to achieve your systems are merged and processed,
also acts as a barrier, attenuating the goal.” resulting in 3D images of the same
force of currents and waves and thus quality and precision as found in the
preventing coastal erosion. Finally, it “Until recently, scientists have used field of biomedicine.
dampens the waves through the methodologies based on diving
layer of dead leaves deposited on and capturing video images in their Quantitatively speaking, this
the beaches, which protects against study areas. Current technology technology can work simultaneously
erosion, especially during winter has improved the qualitative and with oceanographic parameters.
storms.” quantitative research capabilities, All this information is linked to the
and the application of different hydro presence and quantity of Posidonia.
The disappearance of grasslands acoustic detection systems has As for the quantitative method,
has negative effects, not only on the provided a variety of information. prospecting new technologies allow
micro-ecosystem itself but also on a wide area of study while minimising
linked ecosystems. Documents published by the European data collection time. Thanks to the

104 UT3 1Q 2010


.....

Oceanology
The main scientific studies correlation of the three-dimensional
involve hydroacoustic data with the location and extent
systems. There are three of Posidonia meadow areas. The
basic technolgies – wide scientific probe records the acoustic
swath bathymetry, side pulses to generate a profile of the
scan sonar and single seafloor. These data are recorded
beam echosounder
simultaneously with the D-GPS
working simultaneously.
position. Since the sandy areas
The researchers used a
GeoAcoustics GeoSwath
and vegetation meadows provide
Plus which made the different signatures, by applying the
use of a separate side algorithm analysis, it discriminates
scan sonar obsolete as it between different types of seafloor.
acquires geo-referenced
side scan data. In this first phase, it detects the
presence of Posidonia. In that case
the system estimates its height
and abundance. The presence of
Posidonia is limited to the depth to
which sunlight reaches, the photic
zone, so most of these studies are
conducted in shallow water.

This, combined with the high


resolution of the acoustic systems,
generates maps that resemble
virtual reality. This methodological
digital storage of all data acquired and with different settings of the concept corroborates that the
during the survey, one can make systems (transmit power and pulse innovations technology offers give
historical databases that allow length between them). Acoustic high performance and ensure
monitoring of the expansion or systems combined in this test were: scientists new and improved ways to
reduction in the length of the field of study. Moreover, these technologies
underwater flora. l A side scan sonar enable the direct study of large
l The GeoAcoustics shallow areas with very high resolution,
It is possible to study how quality water wide swath bathymetry whereas the traditional approach of
varies over time by comparing system GeoSwath Plus, which visual sampling was limited to very
contemporary data with the previous simultaneously acquires bathymetry small zone and therefore the use of
sampling. Many scientists emphasise with a swath width of 12 times the statistical extrapolation.
the new possibilities opened by the water depth and geo-referenced side
combined application of different scan data This methodology provides several
acoustic systems. Each of the l The scientific high-precision advantages: the mappings are very
systems available, depending on echosounder Simrad EK60 precise and there is no need to
their features, offers various types of repeat the survey again and again to
information about the flora. The side scan sonar shows the compare results. Another advantage
reflectivity of the seafloor and is that it significantly reduces the
New Methodologies discriminates areas where there costs of underwater inspections:
In an experiment conducted in France are plants or sand. The GeoSwath divers, cameras, videos, etc.
by the company in collaboration Plus system, however, provides
with TS SEMANTIC GESMA, for bathymetry and geo-referenced A direct scientific application is
defence purposes, the aim was to side scan data. Both datasets can the fact that the concentration of
detect mines hidden in the vegetation. be merged to generate a three plants has civil and military uses:
Several systems were combined dimensional image representing the the plants can hide mines placed
to cross-correlate the signals from bathymetry and backscatter of the on the seafloor and also alter the
different types of bottoms (sand seafloor. performance of the sensors used for
with and without plants, rocks) with detection (especially the laminaria
samples obtained at different depths This unique feature allows the species).

UT3 1Q 2010
105
Oceanology

Oceanology

English Channel Bathymetry


SeaZone took a major step forward holdings, the new model in particu- going as far as identifying and gain-
in December 2009 towards its aim to lar and HydroSpatial generally are ing permission to use and capture
create a high resolution and accurate already proving to be important tools survey sheets (also known as fair
bathymetry model of the UK Conti- to support offshore renewable energy sheets) stored in archive at the UK
nental Shelf by completing the first development, marine planning and Hydrographic Office.
phase of its Bathymetry Improvement policy making.
Programme for the northern English In total, SeaZone has invested in the
Channel between South Foreland The bathymetry model, believed to capture of over 400 surveys to create
and Land’s End. be the first of its kind, is created from this unique database of the UK’s
The new bathymetry model will ‘best available’ digital survey bathym- underwater terrain. The data repre-
become a core reference dataset in etry data from a variety of different sents the most detailed water depth
SeaZone’s digital marine mapping sources. It is being used by British data available, either from modern
product, HydroSpatial. Geology Survey to improve our under- multibeam surveys or single beam
standing of sea bed geology and by surveys dating back to 1970. All of
With increasing pressure on the Cefas (and others) as input to habitat the data used in the work has been
marine environment and the re- mapping. collected to the IHO’s International
quirement to maximise value from Survey Standard, S-44, and quality
existing public sector information SeaZone has spent the past three controlled at the UK Hydrographic
years gathering and digitising data,

106 UT3 1Q 2010


Oceanology
.....
Office or another competent authority. By using survey as ‘survey de-confliction’, is undertaken using specially
data as input, the new model is more accurate than designed GIS software developed at SeaZone to read
depth data displayed on traditional navigational charts, survey points directly from Oracle.
which is widely known to be coarser in resolution and
conservative in depth. The de-confliction work separates the many overlapping
surveys against each other based on a number of rules or
To date, SeaZone has collated over 2.2 billion sound- attributes, most importantly survey age, survey type and
ings from 5,000 surveys. Accurate area extents and sounding density. The result is a set of modified survey
metadata are created for each survey and the meta- extents which are clipped against one another to keep the
data published to the MEDIN portal, as well as being best available data in full, creating a seamless surface of
used internally by SeaZone and its customers. The depth soundings. T
data and metadata is used as input to SeaZone’s
Digital Survey Bathymetry (DSB) data product and as he clipped survey extents are used to label each sounding
input to the bathymetry model. in the Oracle database, with an active or inactive identi-
fier, so that only the active soundings from each survey
From this unique Oracle database, significant resource are used as input into the bathymetric model. The survey
is invested to create a single seamless surface of extents also form a meta layer, similar to the ‘source data
sea bed elevation representing the most up to date diagram’ on an Admiralty Chart, which is used to identify
and dense data available. The work, typically known the age and provenance of the data used in the model.

Using SeaZone’s French partner, Geomod, BathySIS soft-


ware, the de-conflicted sounding data are used to create a
triangulated irregular network (TIN) model (using Delau-
nay triangulation methods), which in turn is used to create
a gridded model of varying resolutions. . At a resolution
of 1 arc second (or approximately 30m), physical features
such as trenches, ridges, sand banks and sand waves
are more easily distinguishable, even in areas where only
single beam echo sounder data is used as input.

By maximising the value of existing data in this way,


investment in new surveys, such as those of the MCA’s
Civil Hydrography Programme, can be better targeted on
priority or unsurveyed areas. As new data becomes avail-
able, this can be easily ingested into SeaZone’s database
to update the model.

Comparison of the bathymetric model (1arc second grid resolu-


tion) created from survey data from nautical charts (above left)
and from digital survey data (above right)
Left: Deconflicted survey extents overlaid on the bathymetric
model of the Solent and waters surrounding the Isle of Wight,
(30m grid resolution)

UT3 1Q 2010
107
Oceanology

Oceanology

Polar Research Vessel


STX Finland Oy and the South African Department commence immediately and the ship will enter production
of Environmental Affairs have signed a contract for in September 2010. The ship will be delivered to the
construction of a polar supply and research vessel. The Owner, the South African Department of Environmental
ship with a value of approximately €116 million will bring Affairs, in spring 2012.”
some 600 man-years of work. The ship will be built in the
Rauma shipyard and it will be delivered in spring 2012. Henry Valentine, Director: Antarctica and Islands, said that
“allocating this level of funding for the new vessel despite
The ship will function as a multi-purpose vessel, serving, the current pressure on the national fiscus reflects the SA
among other things, as a supply vessel, research vessel, Government’s commitment to the South African National
icebreaker, expedition vessel, as well as a passenger Antarctic Programme.
ship.
“The new ship, apart from its supply function, will be a
The ice-strengthened vessel will be approximately 134m catalyst to rebuild the deep-sea oceanography capacity
long and it will have accommodation for a crew of 45 and in South Africa. This would also attract participation of
some 100 researchers or passengers. international scientists and researchers, thus significantly
contributing to research projects addressing new
The polar supply and research vessel will be used to challenges and changing interests, for instance, climate
carry scientists and research equipment for the South change research.”
African National Antarctic Programme in the sea area
between South Africa, the Antarctic islands and the
Antarctica. The ship can spend several months out at sea Main Dimensions
and it also acts as a mobile laboratory. Length overall, 134.00 m
Length between perpendiculars 121.25 m
Scientists can also conduct various marine research Breadth, moulded 21.70 m
onboard the ship. The ship is classified for carrying Depth to Upper Deck, moulded 13.55 m
passengers. Furthermore, the vessel keeps continuous Depth to Main Deck, moulded 10.55 m
record of weather data for meteorological institutions Design draft 7.65 m
around the world. The vessel has a shelter and landing Deadweight at design draught, 5020 t
area for two Puma class helicopters and it will feature Gross Tonnage 12 000
laboratories, a gym, a library, and a small hospital. Service Speed 14.0 knots
Speed in 1.0 m level ice 5.0 knots
Timo Suistio, Director of the Rauma shipyard, said that Passengers 100
the trade agreement is of great importance both for Crew 44
STX Finland’s Rauma shipyard and the trade relations Cargo hold capacity 4000 m3
between Finland and South Africa in general. Classification Society: DNV
Flag: South Africa
“This is one of the biggest individual civil trade Number of passenger cabins: 46
agreements the Finnish industry has made with South Number of crew cabins: 41
Africa,” said Suistio. “Furthermore, the agreement will
naturally have a positive effect on the employment at the Class notation: + 1A1, ICE CLASS IACS PC5, WINTER-
Rauma shipyard. ISED BASIC, DAT(-35), EO, RP, HELDEK-SHF, CLEAN
DESIGN, COMF V(2)/C(2), NAUT-AW, TMON, BIS, DYN-
“The design work on the new research vessel will POS-AUT, DE-ICE, LFL Note: Structure DNV ICE-10

108 UT3 1Q 2010


.....

Oceanology
Geological Research Vessel
Wärtsilä is to design and supervise “Wärtsilä has a good understanding of new territory, including regional-level
the construction of a modern this, as inputs to the design process exploration for mineral resources,
oceanographic research vessel for will be coming from people who inputs for engineering projects, and
the marine wing of the Geological have sailed as scientists on research geotechnical, geo-environment,
Survey of India (GSI). vessels for many years,” says Sandvik. seismotectonics, natural hazards and
glaciology investigations.
In addition to design and supervising A New Approach
the construction process, Wärtsilä A new set of rules apply to the design
will be involved in selecting the of this research vessel. The focus is An ocean-going research vessel
onboard scientific instruments, on how the scientific tools perform and and two GSI coastal vessels have
and in arranging training for GSI on the vessel’s ability to adapt to what been carrying out seabed surveys
scientists to ensure that the vessel’s she will be expected to explore in the within the exclusive economic zone
capabilities are fully utilised. future. (EEZ), India’s territorial waters and in
international waters. GSI’s mandate
“The new vessel is the third of its “It’s an interesting design challenge,” is to quantify the country’s existing
kind that Wärtsilä is designing for said Sandvik. “She has to be capable resources and identify new ones.
India,” said Mr Arne Stenersen, of carrying out complicated operations
Managing Director, Wärtsilä Ship such as handling remotely operated
Design in Norway. “The first one, vehicles ( ROVs), supporting manned
Sagar Nidhi, is already in service underwater submersibles and
and being operated by the National controlling autonomous drills that
Institute of Ocean Technology. She is can drill up to 150m below the
expected to support research work in seabed
the Indian Ocean and the Antarctic.
Sindhu Sadhana, the second vessel,
is under construction.”

Wärtsilä were given 120 days to


create this totally new design.

The Sagar Nidhi, in service and being


at depths operated by the National
of a thousand metres Institute of Ocean Technology
– not to mention the collection of
seismic data and simple operations
“Our designers will take full account such as water and soil sampling. The Wärtsilä entered the Indian ship
of the scientists’ needs,” says Mr Egil demands and requirements associated design market in 2002. The first
Sandvik, Sales Manager, Wärtsilä with future tasks always have to be contract signed was for a research
Ship Design. “Good facilities for kept in mind.” vessel for the National Institute of
handling equipment, laboratories Ocean Technology in Chennai. It was
and workshops, ample space for The new vessel will have launched in 2007. Wärtsilä’s second
living quarters and meetings, the accommodation for 69 people. With an ship design contract was with the
correct positioning of transducers overall length of 95m, breadth of 19m, National Institute of Oceanography
and last but not least, good levels of maximum draught of 6m and speed of in Goa. This vessel is currently under
comfort.” 14kts, it will have an endurance of 45 construction.
days.
A high-speed LAN and internet In addition to these, Wärtsilä in
connections will link the vessel’s Completion of the project is scheduled India has a ship design contract for
control rooms, laboratories and for the first quarter of 2012. a diving support vessel - another
accommodation to the outside special design. Contracts of a more
world. The vessel designers have Established in 1851, GSI is India’s standard type include MPSV, AHTS
to reproduce the working conditions second-oldest survey company. Right and OSV vessels, all of which are
enjoyed by scientists ashore. from the beginning, it has been probing being built in India for different

UT3 1Q 2010
109
Classificatioin

Classification
Ice-Class First LNG FSRU
The first ice-class floating storage The unit has been built to the ABS GENOA-based classification
and offloading system (FSO) to class notation +A1, Floating Storage society RINA has taken a lead in
be completed at a Caspian Sea and Offloading System, Ice Class C0, the developing market for floating
shipyard and deployed for service +AMCCU, FL(20). The unit is 132.8m LNG terminals. It has been chosen
in the Caspian Sea is to be issued in length, 32m in width has a depth of to class the first offshore floating
ABS classification. The Yuri 15.7m. It has a fatigue life of 20 years storage and regasification Unit
Korchagin is set to be towed out and is dual classed with RS. The FSO (FSRU), and is providing studies
of Baku for installation, hook-up can withstand ice conditions of minus and support for a number of further
and commissioning this week. It is 20 degrees Celsius and ice thickness offshore LNG projects, including the
destined for the Yuri Korchagin Field of 0.6 meters. newbuilding which is likely to be the
in the Russian sector of the Caspian world’s second offshore LNG FSRU.
where it will operate for Lukoil. Russia’s Lukoil is targeting December
to start commercial oil production. Addressing the Mare Forum
The FSO hull was constructed in When in operation it will be the largest Houston conference, Massimo
two longitudinal halves by Keppel FSO in the Caspian Sea. ABS Senior Volta, RINA’s General Manager
Singmarine in Singapore and was Surveyor Donald Dunlop, the project America, said, “Italy leads the world
towed through the Volga-Don River surveyor from Azerbaijan, reports in implementing offshore LNG
Canal and assembled at Keppel Fels’ ABS will be in attendance during terminals. We have recently brought
Caspian Shipyard Company (CSC) in the installation of the unit and will the Adriatic LNG terminal on stream,
Baku, Azerbaijan. also class the mooring system once and we have five more live projects
completed. for floating and gravity-based
According to ABS District Manager offshore LNG terminals around our
Simon Jones, the size limitation of ABS has helped other operators meet coasts.
the Canal dictated that the unit be the challenges of Caspian operating
constructed in two modules for import requirements, most notably Maersk’s “RINA is involved with all these in a
into the region. The two hull sections first semi-submersible rig, DSS-20- number of ways, and our expertise is
were aligned and joined in drydock at CAS-M and the ABS-classed Parker now being sought by other countries
the Caspian shipyard. The helideck Rig 257, the world’s first arctic-class developing offshore LNG projects.
and accommodation quarters, as well drill barge, operating in the shallow We are very proud to have been
as other equipment, were loaded waters of the Northern third of the chosen as the first classification
alongside the hull sections and also Caspian. society in the world to class a true
assembled at CSC. offshore floating LNG FSRU, for the
ABS has a robust ice program within OLT Offshore LNG Toscana project.”
ABS was involved in the project its Corporate Research and Product
from the outset, continuing through Development Department. The aim The OLT development will see the
initial construction to assembly and of the program is to develop state- 138 000m3 Moss-type Golar Frost
final delivery, working closely with of-the-art methodologies and tools converted into a 3.75billion m3
the Russian Maritime Register of for assessment of ships and offshore per year FSRU, moored in 120m
Shipping (RS). structures operating in ice. of water off Italy’s west coast port

The ABS classified Yuri Korchagin FPSO

110 UT3 1Q 2010


.....

Classificatioin
of Livorno. It will act as a receiving terminal for
importing LNG, regasifying the LNG and pumping it
into Italy’s gas grid.
GL Noble Denton
GL Noble Denton is part of the GL Group and currently employs
The OLT FSRU is currently under conversion in over 2900 technical and operations specialists and experts in
Dubai Drydocks and will be towed to Livorno at the 54 offices throughout the globe. As an independent advisor,
end of 2010, with the aim of coming on stream in GL Noble Denton is a full-service provider with broad upstream,
2011. An external turret is being fitted, along with midstream and downstream competence for the complete asset
over 2400t of regasification equipment. lifecycle. It offers consulting, design, assurance, operations and
project consulting services combining in depth engineering and
The main contractor is Saipem, working for the analytical skills with operational experience.
terminal owners - a joint venture between E ON
Ruhrgas, Iride, Golar LNG and OLT Energy. “With rising oil prices we expect a high demand for consultancy
RINA will class the vessel and provide statutory and assurance services in the oil and gas industry. It is obvious
certification on behalf of the government. that the backlog of investments will come to an end sooner than
Through its dedicated oil and gas team it is also later”, says John Wishart, President of GL Noble Denton. “We
providing authority and owner engineering, ship want to be ready in time.”
handling simulation and assistance with local and
international regulatory compliance. GL Noble Denton supports and assists oil and gas clients in
all technical, safety and assurance related questions. This
Following the OLT FSRU, RINA is heavily engaged includes onshore production, onshore pipelines, storage, import
in providing a range of services to assist the Triton terminals, LNG facilities, refineries and petrochemical plants,
FSRU project. That will be a 5 bcm newbuilding distribution networks as well as mobile offshore drilling units,
FSRU, to be developed by GdF-Suez and Hoegh. floating production systems, fixed platforms, subsea and riser
systems, offshore support vessels, tankers and shipping and
RINA was also closely involved in the development offshore pipelines.
of the 8 bcm Adriatic LNG terminal, providing a wide
range of analytical and supervision services, plus “We have strong expertise in complex oil and gas assets - with
assistance with regulatory compliance. This gravity- assurance, asset integrity, safety and risk, marine operations,
based concrete terminal was built in Spain, towed to project management and software services to match”, says John
its site in the Adriatic and settled on the seabed in 27 Wishart. “We know when a design is optimal, an installation is
m of water, where it came on stream in the second fit for purpose, and an asset is operating at maximum efficiency
half of 2009. The world’s first offshore LNG terminal, with minimum downtime.”Over the next two years GL Noble
it is jointly owned by Exxon Mobil, Qatar Petroleum Denton plans to hire more than 700 new technical personnel,
and Edison. engineers and marine operations specialists

UT3 1Q 2010
111
Business

Business
Oceanteam SLB Smith Smit
Oceanteam has entered into a sale Schlumberger and Smith Royal Boskalis Westminster
and purchase agreement with International’s boards have Boskalis has made a public cash
J. Ray McDermott for transfer of unanimously approved a merger offer for Smit Internationale at an
approximately 50% of the shares in agreement in which the companies offer price of EUR 60 per share,
North Ocean II AS and approximately would combine in a stock-for-stock excluding an interim dividend
50% of the partnership interests in transaction. of eur 2.75 over the year 2009.
North Ocean II KS from its wholly- The management board and the
owned subsidiary Oceanteam Ship- Under the terms of the agreement, majority of the supervisory Board
ping 102 AS. The deal includes the Smith shareholders will receive has recommended the offer to
transfer of 75% of the shares in North 0.6966 shares of Schlumberger in the shareholders for acceptance.
Ocean V AS from the subsidiary exchange for each Smith share. Together with the shares
Oceanteam Shipping 105 AS. currently held by Boskalis,
This agreement places a value approximately 43% of the shares
North Ocean II AS and North Ocean of $45.84 per Smith share, are already committed.
II KS are the ship owning companies representing a 37.5% premium.
for CSV North Ocean 102, while Upon closing, and reflecting the
North Ocean V AS is the ship owning issuance of new Schlumberger
company for CSV North Ocean 105 shares, Smith stockholders AGR Mako
(to be built). collectively will own approximately The trenching and excavation
12.8% of Schlumberger’s company AGR Subsea has signed
In addition, affiliates of J. Ray have outstanding shares of common a representation agreement with
entered into a five-year charter for the stock. Mako Technologies, part of Deep
vessel CSV North Ocean 105 to be Down Inc. Under the agreement
built at Metalships, Vigo Spain. Schlumberger expects to realise Mako will promote AGR Subsea’s
incremental pretax synergies— SeaVator and ClayCutter X seabed
The CSV North Ocean 105 new build after integration costs—of excavation service lines in the US
project is subject to completing a approximately $160 million in 2011 Gulf Coast region, and provide
Spanish tax lease structure for the and approximately $320 million in operational support once projects
vessel and ship financing. 2012. are under way.
A five year charter of CSV North
Ocean 102 will start upon redelivery
of the vessel upon completion of the
current ABB charter which is esti-
Swathe Services
mated to be in July 2010. Valeport is recognised as one of Valeport will enhance our services
the UK’s leading manufacturers of and allow us to supply the high
hydrographic and oceanographic quality oceanographic equipment
Riverstone instrumentation. Swathe Services
is recognised as a leading
our clients are looking for. Our highly
qualified team are able to support
Riverstone Holdings has completed its hydrographic survey company the products and provide training
acquisition of Seajacks International working with and supporting marine on all the systems to make sure our
for a total cash consideration of $207 engineers, contractors and surveyors customers achieve the best results”
million. Seajacks currently owns and worldwide.
operates two self-propelled jack up Swathe Services will now provide
vessels out of Great Yarmouth in the The two companies have the full range of Valeport systems
United Kingdom: the Seajacks Kraken now combined forces with the including echo sounders, bathymetry
and the Seajacks Leviathan. announcement of a new distributor packages, tide gauges, wave
agreement with Swathe Services recorders and sound velocity meters.
Seajacks Kraken is currently on Australia.
contract to TAQA carrying out gas Neil Hewitt, Operations Director of
field service work and will shortly “Swathe Services is known for Swathe Services Australia said of
commence a 15-month contract for providing specialist support to the the new agreement “ I feel Swathe
DONG Energy to install turbines at the marine industry with our highly skilled Services is well placed, as a user of
Walney offshore wind farm, located in team of marine surveyors and an the equipment, to offer a complete
the Irish Sea. extensive pool of survey equipment” service from the initial consultation
commented James Williams, through to installation and set to
Seajacks Leviathan is currently on Managing Director of Swathe work , and follow up support. We are
a 15 month contract with Fluor to Services. delighted to be working with such a
provide installation services at Greater reputable company that is so well
Gabbard, “This new distributor agreement with known throughout the industry”

112 UT3 1Q 2010


.....

Business
Clough Peritus Smit/Minette Bay Ship Docking
Clough has taken a further step in
SMIT has completed the acquisition Minette Bay Ship Docking in Prince
strengthening its oil and gas focus
Rupert, Canada.
with a 51% investment in Peritus
International, a new global subsea
Minette Bay is active in the port of Prince Rupert with three ASD tugs. Minette
and marine engineering firm that
Bay performed the shipdocking services for Ridley Island Coal Terminal for
provides engineering design and
25 years. This acquisition enhances SMIT Marine Canada’s current harbour
project management services to
towage operations on the West Coast of Canada.
offshore clients, with a particular
focus on difficult and deepwater
environments. Nova/Aanderaa
Peritus operations has been Nova Analytics Corporation, a worldwide supplier of laboratory, field and online
established in Perth, London and instrumentation, acquired the ownership of the shares in Aanderaa Data
Houston. The company will operate Instruments AS (AADI).
independently.

Steve Hindmarsh, based in Perth, Prysman/Rybinsk Electrocabel


will lead the organisation as Chief Prysmian sehas acquired Rybinsk Electrocabel, one of the most dynamic
Executive Officer and will also Russian cable manufacturers. The €11 million enterprise value account for ap-
be responsible for growth in Asia proximately €2 million equity value and approximately €9 million Net Financial
Pacific in his role as Managing Position. In 2008 Rybinsk reported a turnover of approximately €36 million with
Director for the region. Steve will a production unit located 350 km NE of Moscow,
be supported by Dr Chris Tam,
President of the Americas, based
in Houston, and Graham Taylor,
Managing Director of Europe, Africa
FMC/Multi Phase Meters
and Middle East, based in London. FMC Technologies has completed the acquisition of Multi Phase Meters.
Based in Stavanger, Norway, MPM a global leader in the development and
manufacture of high-performance multiphase flow meters for the oil and gas

Sea-Bird industry.

Sea-Bird Electronics has acquired


WET Labs, the manufacturer of
FMC/Direct Drive Systems
oceanographic optics sensors that FMC Technologies has completed the acquisition of Direct Drive Systems, Inc.
measure inherent optical properties (DDS). Based in Fullerton, California, DDS is a world leader in the development
(eg fluorometers, transmissometers, and manufacture of high-performance permanent magnet motors and bearings
scattering sensors, and for the oil and gas industry.
spectrometers).

WET Labs will remain located Cameron/Natco


in Philomath, Oregon, and
Bridgetown, Rhode Island, and the Cameron has closed on its acquisition of NATCO Group, following the approval
entire management team remains of the previously announced merger agreement by NATCO’s shareholders at
unchanged. a special meeting. NATCO shareholders received 1.185 shares of Cameron
common stock in return for each share of NATCO common stock held, and will
receive cash reflecting the value of any fractional shares.

Marine Subsea Cameron has issued approximately 23.7 million shares related to this
TSMarine Subsea will trade under transaction. Simmons and Company International served as financial advisor to
a new name – Marine Subsea (UK) Cameron on this transaction.
– after the company completed a
management buy-out with support
from Norwegian firm, Marine Superior /Hallin
Subsea AS. Marine Subsea (UK) Superior have taken over Hallin Marine at a cost of 233p per share - valuing
employs over 20 people from its the existing issued share capital of Hallin at approximately £96.5 million and at
Aberdeen headquarters and in £103.5 million on a fully diluted basis. Superior UK is a wholly-owned indirect
the wake of the re-brand will be subsidiary of Superior Energy Services, Inc. and was formed for the purpose of
creating 25 new jobs. Alasdair making the £103.5 million offer for Hallin.
Cowie will continue as managing
director.

UT3 1Q 2010
113
Industry
Industry Groups

Groups
NSRI Subsea UK, OPITO
The National Subsea Research The symposium also celebrated the Two of the leading oil and gas
Institute (NSRI) welcomes has development of research collaboration industry bodies have joined forces to
been joined by two new member between NSRI and the National develop a new training programme
companies. Kongsberg Maritime, University of Singapore’s Centre for aimed at expanding the UK’s skills
which is headquartered in Offshore Research and Engineering and expertise in the subsea sector.
Aberdeen and Newcastle-based (CORE).
Wellstream International bring Subsea UK and OPITO – The Oil &
NSRI’s industry membership to Professor Albert Rodger, chief Gas Academy are working together
17 in less than a year since its executive of NSRI and Vice-Principal to develop a series of subsea
launch. and Head of the College of Physical modules within the Academy’s
Sciences, University of Aberdeen has successful Petroleum Open
A partnership between Subsea spearheaded the alliance between the Learning (POL) programme.
UK, the University of Aberdeen, institutes that share the objective of
Newcastle University, Robert supporting the development of future A flexible self learning tool aimed
Gordon University and the technologies for the subsea industry. at increasing technical knowledge,
University of Dundee, NSRI’s POL allows learners to take
aim is to develop and lead Professor Rodger, who spoke at responsibility for their own training
a coordinated research the symposium, said: “The National and study at their own pace.
strategy for the subsea sector, Subsea Research Institute brings Programmes, in which learners
developing and maintaining together industry and academia to complete a set of modules, also
the UK’s position as a centre focus on the development of research allow employers to develop the
of excellence for subsea aligned with the needs of the global capabilities of their current and
technology and skills. subsea sector in both the short and future workforces with successful
long-term. trainees gaining a recognised
The member companies assist National Certificate accredited by
with the prioritisation and Other academic and industry experts City and Guilds.
development of research projects to speak at the symposium included
and form the NSRI’s Subsea Dr Bin Wang from the University of The new subsea modules are
Technology Advisory Group Aberdeen’s School of Engineering; targeted at a wide audience
(STAG). This body, along with Dr Graham Stewart, Energy Business including technicians and engineers
the university partners, Scottish Stream Technical Director for Lloyds and will focus on subsea controls,
Enterprise and the NSRI Board, Register; Dr Bill Loth, WD Loth & valves and process components,
determines the principal areas of Company (UK); Professor Loh Wai subsea hardware, pipelines, flexible
research for the coming year. Lam from the National University pipelines, risers and umbilical’s ,
Singapore and Dr Jon Machin, ROV systems, subsea operations
Bill Edgar, NSRI chairman said: Schlumberger, Singapore. and subsea intervention operations.
“We are delighted to welcome
Kongsberg and Wellstream NSRI Chairman Bill Edgar The six-module course will be
to NSRI and look forward to completed by spring 2011.
their input as we develop our
programme of activities for the Alistair Birnie, chief executive of
year. The UK has found itself at Subsea UK, said: “The UK Subsea
the forefront of the subsea sector sector has a dominant position
and along with our partners and in a global market, having strong
member companies we strive connections with major projects
to consolidate and build on this ongoing all over the world. To retain
position. this position and beat off worldwide
competition, we must keep investing
Last February, the NSRI in people and in developing new
showcased its talents at a joint capabilities to ensure we maintain
symposium hosted by NSRI, our key differentiators.”
and the National University of
Singapore (NUS). David Doig, CEO of OPITO Group,
The symposium - Subsea said: “Developing and nurturing
Challenges; Tomorrow’s skills of the oil and gas employees
Technologies –aims to further will not only serve to enhance
expand NSRI’s worldwide the industry but also extend the
network of industry partners and timeframe of activity in the North
members. Sea.”

114 UT3 1Q 2010


Forecast
Forecast
Gamechanger Report - Douglas Westwood
The first edition of “The Produced Produced Water Gamechanger
Water Gamechanger Report,” Report
developed by OTM Consulting, in
partnership with energy business
analysts, Douglas-Westwood, explores
the options available for managing
produced water from offshore oil and
gas production streams.

Water Management
Produced water is the largest waste
stream from hydrocarbon production.
In fact, daily water production volumes
significantly exceed that of oil volumes,
to the extent that 211 million barrels
of water are produced by the industry
daily compared to around 85 million
barrels of oil over the same timeframe. “The Produced Water Gamechanger systems is estimated to be around
Report,” also report provides detailed $4.3 billion for the next five years
The report identifies a range of new forecasts on market opportunities and - and predicts that the size of market
and emerging technologies that can growth potential for key produced opportunity for topside produced
help operators deal successfully with water treatment equipment and water re-injection systems is around
produced water - including treatment, technologies. It highlights that the $9.8 billion over the same period.
minimisation, separation and re- total size of the market opportunity for
injection. final stage produced water treatment Case Studies & Operator Opinion

Subsea Trees
Market analyst Quest projected a 25% months or more for that confidence Moreover, oil companies have a
increase in tree demand globally in to translate into meaningful project pressing need to replace depleting
2010 compared with a lack-lustre2009. executions. reserves and declining production.
With respect to its three-year forecast, With the close correlation between
Quest estimated a 15% compound With respect to Quest’s forecast for subsea tree activity and global oil and
annual growth rate for subsea tree 2009, continued lack of confidence gas prices, the outcome for 2009 was
awards globally led by Brazil and in global financial markets coupled unsurprising.
Africa which represents approximately with a “wait-and-see” attitude from
66% of the forecast demand (mean operators small and large had a Brazil kicked-off the anticipated mega-
case forecast). severe impact on the volume of awards of subsea equipment in 2009
projects during the first half of 2009. with the first tranche of standard non-
The industry seems to gravitate pre-salt trees awarded to Cameron.
towards a consensus of growing The second half of 2009, fortunately, This set Brazil and Cameron up to be
optimism about increasing award saw a rebound in subsea orders the market share leaders for the year.
activity long-term. Stability has been totaling 229 trees compared with
the norm for the majority of the past 90 trees in the first six months of This initiation of the much-anticipated
4-6 months, with oil prices hovering the year. Quest’s annual survey award activity from Petrobras – slow
north of US$65/barrel. of subsea tree awards totaled 319 to accelerate – was quickly followed
compared with 434 in 2008. up by the award of the second
This price level, and more importantly, tranche of trees to FMC Technologies
ongoing stability, will help to provide As the industry fully expected, 2009 and the third to Aker Solutions. The
operators with the confidence needed was a low point for global awards in North Sea continued to be a strong
to begin executing projects, although the subsea space commensurate with player in the subsea market in 2009
this recovery will not lead to straight Quest’s estimate some 14 months driven by Eni’s Goliat project and in-
uphill growth. ago – the lowest total since 2003. fill activity by Statoil off Norway. Aker
That said, there is plenty of upside to Solutions was the market leader in
Despite some operators’ heightened this recent lull in activity as operator this area for the year after securing
confidence in the past few months, confidence returns on the heels of the high-impact Goliat subsea
Quest expects it to take 10-12 recovering oil prices. production award.

UT3 1Q 2010
115
People

People
Imagenex Imagenex have announced
the appointment of Steve Hafmynd
Curnew as its new Sales Icelandic AUV
Manager. Steve has over 20 manufacturer
years experience as a Sales Hafmynd has
Manager in the electronics welcomed Birna
industry. Maria Bjornsdottir
and Stefan
Steve joined the Imagenex Reynisson to the
team at the beginning of company.
November 2009 and is looking
forward to meeting many Stefan will be
colleagues and customers at responsible for
his UK debut, Oceanology Procurement and
International 2010. Quality Control
and Birna will work
Thie Follows the retirement on the sales and
of Marketing Manager, Mitch marketing side.
Henselwood.

Acteon SeeByte
SeeByte, developers of software
for unmanned underwater vehicles,
has been joined by Dr. Chris
Tierney, Birgir Thorgeirsson and
Tom Anderson,

Dr. Chris Tierney becomes part of


SeeByte as a Senior development
engineer.

Birgir Thorgeirsson joins SeeByte


as development engineer.

Tom Anderson also joins as a


development engineer.

Will Rowley has joined Acteon where Chris Tierney


he will take on the role of Group
Analyst.

Rowley was formerly Director, Analyti-


cal Services, for the leading industry
consulting company Infield Systems.
He brings to Acteon a wealth of expe-
rience of oil industry modelling, market
analysis and business forecasting.

Based in Acteon’s head office in Nor-


wich, UK, Rowley will work closely with
the group’s operating companies in the
gathering of market intelligence. His
objective is to enhance the
exchange of information and help
cement relationships with customers
in areas of the industry where Acteon
companies have the most value to offer. Tom Anderson Birgir Thorgeirsson

116 UT3 1Q 2010


.....

People
L-3 Klein SLB
L-3 Communications subsidiary ideally suited to further expand Schlumberger has appointed Paal
Klein Associates (L-3 Klein) has and enhance L-3 Klein’s valued Kibsgaard Chief Operating Officer of
appointed Bill Charbonneau as customer network. Schlumberger.
Regional Sales Manager for
their Side Scan Sonar Systems. Reporting to Andrew Gould,
Chairman and Chief Executive
Working with other members Officer, Kibsgaard will be responsible
of the L-3 Klein team, for the day-to-day management of
Mr. Charbonneau will be all worldwide operations in addition
responsible for implementing to the Schlumberger technology
Klein’s strategy to multiply organisation–including engineering,
its sales of domestic and manufacturing and product
international multi-beam side development.
scan and bathymetric sonar
systems. Previously, Kibsgaard was
President of the reservoir
With over 20 years experience characterisation product group,
in hydrographic and responsible for the management of
oceanographic markets, both the WesternGeco, wireline, drilling
as a salesman and as a field and measurements and testing
engineer, Mr. Charbonneau is Bill Charbonneau services product lines.

Amor Neptune
The Amor Group, global provider of Neptune Marine Services has recently, Chief Operating Officer,
business technology, has appointed appointed Lo (Lodewijk) Van Brazil.
Andy Corkhill as Energy Sales Wachem as the group’s Regional
Director. Vice President for Europe, Middle In his new role, Lo will manage
East and Africa. daily operations and advance
Martin Bowman has also taken Lo joins Neptune in Aberdeen, the progression of the Neptune
up the post of Transport Sales Scotland from Subsea 7, where he business model within his target
Director and Paul White has become held the positions of Operations markets and investigate strategic
Managed Services Sales Director. Manager, West Africa and more opportunities for future growth.
A fourth director is currently being
recruited to head up sales in the
public sector.

Andy will be working with Amor


EdgeTech
Group’s key clients, which include EdgeTech and ORE Offshore have The company has also added Jim
Centrica, BP, Shell, Scottish Power added Doug McGowen to their Allan and Nick Lawrence to its
and SONI. senior staff in the role of director, senior staff in the roles of director,
new business development. international business development.
Jim Allan will concentrate on the
Mr. McGowen will work out of the West and Gulf coasts in the US
HMC company’s West Wareham facility
and will focus on new products,
in addition to China while Nick
Lawrence’s area of concentration will
The advisory board of Heerema market sectors and applications be Europe and Africa.
Marine Contractors (HMC) has for the EdgeTech and ORE
announced that Jan Pieter Klaver businesses. Allan’s background includes sales
has been appointed as the new and business development positions
Chief Executive Officer. Prior to joining EdgeTech-ORE, with Kongsberg Maritime and L-3
Doug was employed in the Communications as well as running
He succeeds Jack Jacobs who technology sector for 10 years his own business for five years.
fulfilled the CEO function on an before transitioning into the Lawrence will be operating out of
interim basis. underwater technology market the UK. He held a variety of project
eight years ago. During those eight management and engineering
years, he worked in many different positions with GEMS Survey, M.K.
areas of the business including Services and Gardline Surveys

UT3 1Q 2010
117
People

People

CTC’s MD Daryl Michael Bellamy


Lynch, and Subsea
Divisional Controller,
Rhiannon Fernandez
GE Oil and Gas
holding the company Michael Bellamy has been appointed
of the year award general manager of GE’s PII Pipeline
Solutions business, according to
Claudi Santiago, president and
CEO of GE Oil and Gas. Bellamy
CTC NOF’s CotY has served the last six years as
general manager of marketing
CTC Marine Projects has celebrated heavier than any power cable previ- communications for GE Oil and
a successful year in the offshore ously installed by CTC as well as Gas, which is headquartered in
construction industry, by being being the largest power cable ever Florence, Italy. Bellamy originally
recognised as the Northern Offshore laid in the Persian Gulf. joined GE through the acquisition of
Federation (NOF) Energy’s ‘Compa- PII in 2002. He will be relocating to
ny of the Year’. It also scooped the The Innovation and Technology PII’s headquarters in Cramlington,
‘Innovation and Technology’ award. award reflects CTC’s commitment to Northumberland - U.K.
innovation, in particular the develop-
The awards mark a year of success ment of the world’s largest underwa-
for the company, which includes ter tracked vehicle, the RT-1 Rock
the first diverless subsea construc-
tion and development project in the
Trencher, which has had success
in its first offshore scope of work for
L-3 Klein
Mediterranean with a contract value Shell off the West Coast of Ireland. L-3 Communications subsidiary
of circa US$30 million, expansion Klein Associates (L-3 Klein) has
into several new regions including CTC has also recently announced appointed Bill Charbonneau as
Brazil, China, Egypt and the Middle the contract award of USD 39 million Regional Sales Manager for its Side
East and diversification into the is for the cable lay and ploughing Scan Sonar Systems.
Offshore Renewable market. activity on the Jeju Island Project
which will increase the order backlog Working with other members of the
CTC has made a successful entry for 2010 and 2011. L-3 Klein team, Mr. Charbonneau
into the offshore renewables market will be responsible for implementing
having completed two workscopes The workscope, for client KT Klein’s strategy to multiply its sales
for client E.ON, on Alpha Ventus and Submarine, will involve the instal- of domestic and international multi-
Robin Rigg Offshore Wind Farms. lation of two 105km cable bundles beam side scan and bathymetric
CTC is actively pursuing further between Jeju Island and Jindo sonar systems.
workscopes in this market, while be- Mainland Korea in water depths of
ing very optimistic in the outlook for up to 160 metres. The first bundle With over 20 years experience in
2010 and beyond. will be installed in 2010 and the hydrographic and oceanographic
second bundle will be installed in markets, both as a salesman and as
CTC is also currently working on its 2011. CTC Marine will use a DPII a field engineer, Mr. Charbonneau is
first project in the Middle East where multi-role construction R class ves- ideally suited to further expand and
the scope of work includes the laying sel for this project, as well as CTC’s enhance L-3 Klein’s valued customer
of power cable which is three times ISU umbilical plough. network.

118 UT3 1Q 2010


People

People..

Stephen Booth and Katy Wilson


at the Subsea UK awards

DOF Subsea Double success for Atkins at Subsea UK awards


Specialist subsea service company DOF Atkins’ achievements in subsea across Atkins and some of the
Subsea has appointed Serge Geraud as its engineering over the past twelve world’s foremost universities and
new Operations and Business Development months culminated in the company research centres. We had fantastic
Director based in Angola. Formerly Offshore picking up a brace of awards at the support from our participants,
Construction Manager with Technip, Geraud Subsea Business Awards, an annual including the sharing of valuable
joined DOF Subsea in December. celebration of excellence across the research and operating data in
sector. order to significantly improved our
He will be responsible for managing the knowledge and ability to deliver
company’s day to day operations which Stephen Booth, subsea director challenging projects.”
are focused on supporting developments in for Atkins, collected the Subsea
West Africa. He will also play a key role in Innovation and Technology Award for Atkins oil and gas consultant Katy
developing the business in West Africa. the groundbreaking work achieved Wilson took home the award for
by Atkins’ Joint Industry Project Emerging Talent. Commended by the
SAFEBUCK. judges for her breadth of knowledge
in subsea pipeline engineering,
Led by consultants David Bruton Katy was also praised for her work
and Malcolm Carr, SAFEBUCK authoring a best practice guidance
has carried out research and document on preserving the integrity
development into the most of riser caissons.
challenging aspects of pipeline
design for deepwater or high- She was also praised for her
pressure high-temperature fields, remarkable organisational and
developing both design guidance interpersonal skills and her clear
and new tools to improve feasibility vision for what is important both
and reduce risk. technically and commercially. Katy
said: “I am surrounded by some of
Commenting on the award for the best minds in our industry. The
SAFEBUCK, Stephen said: team at Atkins has given me a great
“SAFEBUCK has been a great deal of support and mentoring over
success on many levels, drawing the years, so this award is as much a
on deep technical knowledge from credit to them as it is to me.”

Serge Geraud UT3 1Q 2010


119
Equipment

...and Places

Kongsberg HQ Aker Solutions


Kongsberg Maritime headquarters enclosed walkway. In addition to Aker Solutions has entered into
has opened its brand new extension extensive lab and test areas that a contract with the construction
in the Kongsberg Technology set very high standards for technical company HENT to build a new
Park. The seven storey, 20,000 facilities, the Carpus extension combined office and hotel building at
m2 building has space for around seamlessly integrates office, meeting, the K2 site at Fornebu.
550 employees and is designed to production, storage and social space
complement the original 17000 m2 in a visually provoking, energy efficient The building is planned with a total
Carpus building, which was opened new structure. area of about 46 000m² including
in 2001. underground and parking areas, of
The many bold and innovative which 12 000m² for the hotel. The
“The opening of the Carpus highlights of the premises include the building is planned to be completed
extension is a positive step for coloured glass elevated walkway that in the first quarter of 2012 and Aker
Kongsberg Maritime employees, connects the buildings, a new interior Solutions will be the tenant for the
customers and partners,” comments concept with a different colour scheme office building.
Torfinn Kildal, CEO, Kongsberg on each floor.
Maritime. “We are currently in The contracting party is Fornebu
the process of managing our way There is a focus on open space as Gate 2 A/S, which will be owned 93%
through the worldwide downturn opposed to separate offices in order by Aker Solutions and 7% by Arthur
whilst preparing for the forthcoming to facilitate communication and Buchardt Invest AS. This contract is
upturn and the new premises will optimal cooperation between staff the next step in the development of
allow for more efficient operations in and departments, adherence to the the K2 site that was acquired from
an inspiring work environment.” Tek 2007 energy efficiency program, SPDE in the fourth quarter of 2009.
a focus on and dedicated space for
The two buildings that now make displaying art, and a stunning 14.5 m The office building is an expansion
up Carpus are connected via an glass masterpiece located in the main to the existing headquarters to cover
underground tunnel and a raised, atrium. capacity needs from 2012.

120 UT3 1Q 2010


.....
GE Oil and Gas MacArtney Relocation Castrol Centralisation
GE Oil and Gas has further expanded MacArtney Offshore, the Houston Offshore lubricants specialists
its subsea portfolio capabilities operation of the MacArtney Castrol Offshore has completed
with the opening of its new drilling Underwater Technology Group, the centralisation of its operations
and production business ‘Subsea has moved into larger premises. at its Global Technology Centre in
Monitoring and Remote Technology The capacity is more than doubled, Pangbourne, UK. All of Castrol’s
Center’ (or SmartCenter) in Nailsea. from 4500ft2 to 11 000ft2. lubricant divisions will now be based on
It was officially opened by Ove the 35 acre site with an analytical and
Magne Kallestad, Vice President of The move significantly increases performance testing complex housing
Subsea Technology and Operations at workshop and storage capacity. over 250 chemists, engineers and
StatoilHydro. This allows them to accommodate researchers.
larger service jobs, including
The new SmartCenter is a remote- medium sized winch umbilical Commenting on the move,
access data hub connected to subsea spooling and terminations which Paul Lowther, global marketing
field control and instrumentation now can be performed inside their communications manager said: “The
facilities around the world. The secure premises. reason for centralising our operations
new state of the art facility will offer at Pangbourne is to ensure that we can
assistance and services to the field Cable mouldings, fibre optic offer our customers the best possible
at every stage of development – from terminations and the MacArtney standards of service in line with the
installation and commissioning, Offshore slip ring repair facilities performance of our products. By having
through field start up and onwards with Focal trained technicians have the entire business unit centred on
into routine operation for operational also been significantly expanded. the site, the whole team can benefit
support, condition monitoring, from a vast array of knowledge and
diagnostics, and production Customer and project meetings experience, and ensure technology,
optimisation. will become easier and more marketing and sales are all aligned,
comfortable thanks to conference benefits our customers will see with
rooms and teleconferencing. Up to new product and service offers.
30 guests in house and 64 guests
2H worldwide will now be able to Facilities such as our specialist subsea
cooperate in meetings. test rigs at Pangbourne replicate
2H Offshore Engineering has opened the extreme working conditions our
a new office in Aberdeen to provide The new location makes products are used in every day.
improved support for clients based in MacArtney Offshore even more This, allows us to create lubricating
the area. accessible to their customers. oils, greases and hydraulic fluids
Most of the world’s oil and gas that can be used in the world’s most
2H has been serving Aberdeen companies have offices within a environmentally sensitive oceans.”
through its London office for 20km radius of the new site
over 15 years. However, the new
Aberdeen office will enable the
company to provide a more direct
and higher quality service to
operators and contractors based in
and around the city.

The office will initially focus on drilling


riser, completion riser, conductor, and
wellhead assessments, but will also
take on other types of engineering
with support from 2H’s London office.
The Aberdeen office will be staffed
through a mix of local recruitment and
relocation of experienced employees
from other 2H offices, ensuring the
same quality of service as currently
provided at other 2H locations.

The new 2H office is in Tern Place


House, in the Bridge of Don area of
the city, home to a number of
Acteon companies.
MacArtney’s new11 000ft2 facility in Houston

UT3 1Q 2010
121
..and Places

..and Places
InterMoor Deepwater Kongsberg Sensor
InterMoor recently broke ground Deepwater EU, the European Kongsberg Maritime China Jiangsu
on its new state-of-the-art facility subsidiary of the Houston-based (KMCJ), an advanced new 2880m2
in Morgan City, Louisiana, offshore corrosion specialists sensor production facility located in the
with a ceremony featuring key Deepwater Corrosion Services, Norwegian Industrial Park in Zhenjiang,
management, and city and state has further enhanced its attack on Jiangsu province, China, was officially
officials. the corrosion market by creating opened during a traditional Chinese
a cathodic protection design and ceremony attended by over 150 guests.
More than 80 guests were on hand project management centre on the
for the groundbreaking ceremony University of Surrey research park Work started on the modern new sensor
including Gov. Bobby Jindal, in Guildford, UK. production facility, which is based on the
Morgan City Mayor Tim Matte and same methodology and processes used
Port of Morgan City President Geoff Camm, manager of the new at Kongsberg Maritime’s Trondheim,
Mac Wade, all of whom spoke at centre, said: “This brings together Norway, sensor production facility, in
the event. InterMoor President an unrivaled group of talented February 2009.
Tom Fulton, Vice President of individuals, able to provide unique
Finance Scott Thomas and Quality corrosion control solutions to all of “The establishment of KMCJ was an
Assurance and Quality Control our customers in the oil and gas, international effort, involving a number
Manager Chuck Fontenot also energy, and offshore industries.” of people from different departments,
addressed the guests. from our sensor production facility
He went onto say that the new in Trondheim and other Kongsberg
InterMoor will move its current team will be offering their clients Maritime sites,” said Håvard Johnsen,
operations in Amelia, La, to the new a complete new “one stop design General Manager, KMCJ.
facility that will be developed on 24 and support package” which has
acres and will house administrative, not been available. The centre will “We currently have 15 employees, all
maintenance, operations and specialise in providing corrosion of whom were hand-picked for their
fabrication employees. consultancy, from initial design positions. As a high-tech, international
assistance, third party review, technology company we are dedicated
The new facility will feature more failure investigation and analysis to bringing only the best people onboard
than 30,000 sq ft of fabrication and project managed total project and although most key personnel are
space, including a high-tech CNC implementation. now in place, the headcount at KMCJ
cutting machine, mooring equipment will continue to grow,” says Johnsen
and storage capabilities and a Alex Delwiche, engineering
12 000ft2 multi-purpose building manager of the centre, is a NACE The considerable investment in the new
for administrative and operations CP IV engineer with over sixteen facility will support Kongsberg Maritime’s
employees.There is a wire doping years in the business. In addition, position as a leading developer of
area to inspect, protect and prepare the centre employs several sophisticated sensors for marine and
wire rope for offshore jobs; a state- highly qualified and experienced offshore applications such as engine
of-the-art 20 000ft2 blasting and cathodic protection designers and monitoring, bearing wear and tank
painting facility; and a 300t crane to project managers from various
Kongsberg’s sensor team in China
enhance docking services. industry sectors. They include:
tank farms and pipelines, concrete
“This new facility in Morgan City will infrastructure, inshore marine
be a realization of a long-term goal terminals and offshore.
of expanding our services in this
area and shows our commitment Jim Britton, CEO of Deepwater
for growth to our employees, the Corrosion Services in Houston said:
community of Morgan City, and the “Our new offshore technologies
oil and gas industry,” said Fulton. have proven to be successful in CTC Marine Projects has celebrated
the European market, and we a successful year in the offshore con-
The $17.2 million capital investment are confident to commit to this struction industry, by being recognised
will allow the company to retain expansion. We have been fortunate as the Northern Offshore Federation
more than 200 jobs and will to recruit an exceptionally high (NOF) Energy’s ‘Company of the Year’.
allow for future growth. Louisiana caliber of people to staff the new It also scooped the ‘Innovation and
Economic Development (LED) office. The design centre will Technology’ award.
estimates that the expansion will support our ongoing European
generate more than $49 million in offshore projects as well as work The awards mark a year of success for
new state tax revenues and more worldwide to include support for
than $35 million in new local tax Algeria, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea,
revenues over a 15 year period. Nigeria, Angola and Congo.”

122 UT3 1Q 2010


...and Places
Flexlife
monitoring, in addition to ensuring local Flexible pipe specialist Flexlife Asia Pacific by the end of this year.
capability to service the significant marine has taken on additional premises
sensors market in the region. at Aberdeen Science and Energy The revolutionary scanning
Park to create a world-class technology launched a year ago is
“Far East Asia engine manufacturers research and development facility the first to be able to successfully
constitute a large portion of the potential specialising in flexible pipe projects scan flexible risers in situ.
market for the standard sensors produced and technological advances.
by Kongsberg Maritime, whilst we have The application can scan for
also identified a direct requirement from The 1500ft2 base in the Energy a flooded annulus and flexible
shipyards for the delivery of our sensor Development Centre is part of pipe armour wire corrosion,
products,” says Andreas Jagtøyen, Vice company growth that has seen factors which significantly affect
President of Kongsberg Maritime’s Merchant flexlife also expand into additional the service life of flexible risers
Marine sensor division in Trondheim (MM-T). office space at its headquarters commonly used on floating
which was previously leased production vessels (FPSOs).
“The sensor production lines set up at KMCJ to tenants. The company is
are intended for larger volumes and mass now occupying the whole It is mounted on an ROV and can
production for these customers, while in 3,000ft2offices. operate in deepwater, helping
Trondheim, we will take care of customer to extend the lifespan of flexible
specific sensors, spare parts and European Flexlife has grown from a team pipes and minimise additional
orders,” continues Jagtøyen. of eight 12 months ago to more cost, personnel and environmental
than 20 people at present to impact for clients.
The KMCJ production facility also features service a number of major integrity
a state-of-the-art mechanical workshop, management contracts with
with a range of advanced CNC-machining operators in the North Sea and
centres, and other workshop machinery internationally, including Hess, Expro
for production of sensor parts and other Apache North Sea and Statoil.
mechanical components. This will ensure Expro has unveiled plans for a new
the continued quality and reliability of The new facility comprises multi-million dollar facility in Takoradi,
Kongsberg Maritime sensor products in office and workshop space and Ghana.
addition to enabling a competitive market represents an investment of £500
offering. 000 over five years. Expro is currently operating in
Takoradi with 28 employees working
“To ensure the right product quality and to Stuart Mitchell, Flexlife’s director on the Tullow Oil Jubilee contract,
meet the market price, it was necessary of integrity, said: “We started out supplying deepwater electro-hydraulic
to in-source and take control over the in business in 2007 with the aim subsea services in addition to a range
mechanical production of our sensors,” of devising innovative solutions of other services.
explains Oddbjørn Malmo, Production to the most common problems
Manager at MM-T. with flexibles. Our first product to Expro has been involved with Tullow
detect leaks in flexible pipes was in Ghana from the exploration and
launched around a year ago and appraisal phase of Jubilee through to
has completed nearly £2million of the fast-track delivery of a high-end
work in the North Sea alone since electro-hydraulic subsea completion
then. system.

“We are now in the process of The decision to construct a new site
bringing our next phase of the means all project activity, including
technology to market in the form of well testing, cleanup, sampling and
permanent collars that can monitor PVT (pressure, volume, temperature)
flexibles continually for breaches services, can be coordinated and
and corrosion. In addition, we monitored from a custom-built, fully
have several other patents and integrated facility.
are working to commercialise
additional products. The bespoke 8000m2 facility, which
will house extensive workshop and
flexlife recorded turnover of office space, is being developed
£3million 2008/09 and is predicting around ‘modular concepts’ which
growth of at least 70% in 2009/10. provide efficient work areas and can
New operational bases are expand with greater ease, as future
scheduled to open in Brazil and operations in the region dictate.

UT3 1Q 2010
123
SUT
SUT Reports

AGM London Left to right: (front row) Martyn Witton,


Melissa Saeland, Dr Colin Summerhayes,
By Mariam Pourshoushtari Ray Phillips
(middle row) Ben Smith, Dr Jonathan Evans,
The SUT announced the election based at Scott Polar Research Brian Threlfall
of its new president at its AGM on Institute (SPRI) in Cambridge, and a (back row) Bob Manson and Phil Hawthorn
10th December. During the meeting Member of the SPRI. There he has
aboard HQS Wellington moored stimulated development of observing followed by a drinks reception from
at London’s Embankment, David systems for the cryosphere and the 18:15 to 19:45, and then the dinner,
Brookes announced the appointment Southern Ocean, co-authored two attended by 100-plus members.
of Dr Colin Summerhayes, who was recent papers reviewing Antarctic The evening proved to be very
also made Honorary Fellow during climate and is co-editor of Antarctic successful, with positive feedback
the SUT’s annual awards and new Climate Change and the Environment from all the attendees.
fellowship presentation. 2007–2008: A Contribution to the
International Polar Year. After the dinner, a game of ‘Heads
Having graduated in geology from and Tails’ was lead by Ian Gallett,
University College London (1963), He is currently a Fellow and Chartered now business development executive
Dr Summerhayes has a PhD in Marine Scientist of the Institute of of the SUT, and was eventually
applied geochemistry from Imperial Marine Engineering, Science and won by Dr Summerhayes, who
College London (1970), and holds Technology (IMarEST), where he is immediately contributed his winnings
MSc (1966) and DSc (1986) degrees a member of the Science Advisory to the Educational Support Fund. The
in geology from Victoria University, Working Group, a member of the game raised a fantastic sum of £800
New Zealand. Publications Review Board and an for the fund, and all participants were
editor of the Journal of Operational thanked for their contributions.
Throughout his long and Oceanography, of which he was a
accomplished career, Colin has been founder. Additionally, Ian was thanked for his
involved in a number of significant many years of hard work as leading
research projects concerning geo- The evening took on a different format the SUT, while Dr Bob Allwood was
oceanography and has edited and than previous years, as members were welcomed in his new position as chief
authored various books and papers. invited to stay on for dinner after the executive by the membership.
Since March 2004, Colin has been AGM and awards ceremony. The new
executive director of the Scientific timetable for the event saw the AGM Preceding the dinner was the SUT
Committee on Antarctic Research, and awards ceremony begin at 17:30, awards ceremony, which featured

124 UT3 1Q 2010


SUT Reports
various awards honouring those who at the Oceanology International in technology and his tremendous
have made exceptional contributions March 2010. contribution to the success of the
to underwater technology. Society in recent years. Everyone
The Houlder Cup was awarded to was delighted that Martin could
The Tom Patten Memorial Award for Dr Phil Nuytten for his contribution make the trip from Jakarta to attend
outstanding final-year undergraduate to underwater operations. He could and receive his award.
student was awarded to Melissa not attend the awards ceremony, so
Saeland of the University of Wales, arrangements will be made for him SUT Fellowships were awarded to
Bangor. to receive his award at a later date. Phil Hawthorn, Bob Manson,
The David Partridge Commemorative Dr Jonathan Evans and Brian
The BP/SUT award for the best Award, jointly sponsored by the SUT Threlfall. All attendees were pleased
thesis in offshore and subsea and the former Offshore Energy to see Brian, who came from
engineering and technology was Technology Panel, was made to Ray Melbourne, Australia, to receive his
awarded to Ben Smith of the Phillips. award at the AGM. Others receiving
University of Southampton for his Fellowship awards to be given
project, ‘A The development of a The President’s Award this year locally are Prof Segen Estefen in
bio-inspired method to recover was presented to Martyn Witton Rio de Janeiro, Jim Leven and Harry
energy from unsteady flow’. The in recognition of his long and Mackay in Perth, Australasia, and
postgraduate award will be presented distinguished career in underwater Phil Collins in Houston, USA.

AGM Aberdeen
The Aberdeen Branch of SUT The award is made to a mature to Lynsey Ferguson. Lynsey is
held its Annual Dinner and AGM postgraduate student who has currently in her fourth year of the
on the evening of Wednesday, 2 performed most diligently throughout ‘BA (Hons) Painting’ programme.
December 2009, at the Marcliffe the course under demanding and
Hotel. An outstanding attendance of mitigating personal circumstances. Another award presented during
310 people enjoyed a champagne the dinner was the Award of Merit
reception sponsored by Lime Rock This year the award went to Corrie and is given to an individual
Partners, a four-course meal with the Ewart who graduated with distinction who has made an outstanding
wine sponsored by iicorr and a very in an MSc Oil and Gas Engineering contribution to SUT Branch
entertaining after-dinner speaker, from Robert Gordon University earlier activities, underwater technology,
Mr Dougie Donnelly, sponsored by in 2009. Whilst studying for his MSc the underwater industry and the
J P Kenny. Corrie was in full-time employment aims and objectives of the Society.
with BP as well as supporting his wife The Award of Merit for 2009 was
The Martin Richmond Award was and two children. awarded to Mr Ron Bird of
presented during the dinner. The J P Kenny/Ionik Consulting.
award, in its fourth year, was set The form of the award is actually
up between J P Kenny and SUT in derived from a separate competition The mandatory game of ‘Heads
memory of Martin who died from cancer involving RGU’s Gray’s School of Art and Tails’ raised an outstanding
in January 2006 at the age of 52. for an original piece of artwork. The amount of £2615 for the SUT’s
Martin was employed by J P Kenny at winner of the art competition receives Education Support Fund. The SUT
the time of his death and was chairman a monetary award sponsored by is grateful to all who took part and
of the Aberdeen Branch of SUT. J P Kenny. This year the award went contributed.

Artist Lynsey Ferguson presents her painting as the

125
Martin Richmond Award to recipient Corrie Ewant of BP
UT3 1Q 2010
North of England Branch
SUT Reports

AGM Newcastle and Subsea with BP


Evening Meeting Wednesday, 25 November 2009
By Dr Jerry Baker
The first AGM of the newly formed Ms Irene Spence for her administrative hydrate and waxing formations, long
North of England Branch of the work before the speakers for the distance tie-backs, high-integrity
Society for Underwater Technology evening were introduced. pressure protection system (HIPPS)
was held on 25 November at the installations, increasing water depths
Royal Station Hotel, attended by well The technical presentations were with attendant colder fluids and
over 100 people who came from as given by BP’s David Brookes, Chief maintaining the mechanical integrity of
far away as Glasgow and Fife. It was Engineer, Subsea and Floating the subsea infrastructure.
opened by the Branch Chair, Dr Jerry Systems, and Mark Worsley, Segment
Baker, who noted that three meetings Engineering Technical Authority for Mark then spoke of specific issues
had already been held, this being the Subsea Systems. David started with under the heading, ‘Subsea Technical
fourth, in the first year. He thanked all an overview of BP’s projects from 2004 Challenges and Their Solutions’. He
the speakers and sponsors. to 2014, and gave a fast-flowing and drew attention to incidents whose
lucidly erudite account of the global resolution had cost many millions
Of those speakers, five had been BP projects in deepwater areas. He of dollars, while avoidance, through
members of the local committee, mentioned that BP investment in attention to detail at the design or
and he extended the hope that other subsea engineering was scheduled to fabrication stages, would have cost
members could suggest ideas for rise from 20% to 35% by 2017 and that only hundreds of dollars.
future topics. Dr Baker reminded the number of subsea wells –
the attendees that a formal election 260 subsea wells have been Examples included Thunder Horse,
will be held for admission to the developed in the last 30 years – is due in the Gulf of Mexico, where buttered
committee after the first full year of its to double within the next 6–10 years. welds of corrosion-resistant alloys had
activity in November 2010. failed, and Greater Plutonio, offshore
Attention was given to characteristic Angola, where high differential
Dr Baker then gave the floor to the challenges facing the development pressures had led to seawater
Honorary Treasurer, Dr Ian Frazer, of hydrocarbon reserves from contamination of injection fluids.
who reported that income had subsea reservoirs including: high-
exceeded expenditure by a small pressure high-temperature (HPHT), He also noted the problems caused
amount. Thanks were expressed to subsea separation and processing, by using duplex stainless steels
for template pipework, such as
offshore Norway where templates are
favoured, because fitting the pipework
Melbourne Branch into the restricted space inevitably
leads to high stresses.
Developments in materials and components for new
Time was given to the dearth
offshore and subsea applications of application of technological
innovations emerging from R&D
SUT Melbourne Branch in Bastiaan Scheepers, manager programmes, and Mark pointed
conjunction with Trelleborg – Integrated Offshore Mooring of out that the difficulties associated
organised a Lunch and Learn event Trelleborg Harbour and Marine, with developing fields ‘under ice’
titled ‘Developments in materials on the other hand, gave an outline in the Arctic will demand increased
and components for new offshore of the developments in topsides collaboration within the industry.
and subsea applications’ on the integrated mooring solutions, which Mark expressed the need to break
23 November 2009 at Mitre Tavern includes tandem mooring and ship the taboos on sharing problems and
Steakhouse, Melbourne. to ship transfer, in the emerging their resolution between operators
Two presenters from Trelleborg floating liquefied natural gas and to bring the industry to a closer
were invited to present at the event. (FLNG) markets. correlation with the aviation Industry,
where safety and asset integrity
The first presenter, Ole Bjorn Bastiaan also discussed the present similar issues of public
Rasmussen, market development docking aid systems, load interest.
manager of Trelleborg Offshore monitoring and remote release
Norway gave a presentation on technology, as well as classification Both speakers stressed the need to
developments in rubber for offshore society requirements in Australia. flatten the peak and trough cyclicity
and subsea applications. A typical layout from an actual in the industry and to embark on
Ole Bjorn presented an overview project was shown to the attendees endeavours to bring stability to the
of how rubber can be used for during the presentation. markets, mitigate against cost inflation
corrosion and fire protection, and and impact equipment lead times.
how and why the technology has A Question and Answer session Some ideas included introducing a
developed over the past 10–15 was held at the end of the event greater element of standardisation in
years from providing corrosion was deemed successful with the subsea equipment through vendor
protection of risers to what is on attendance of 15 participants, agreements and the emergence of a
offer today. mainly from the subsea Industry. subsea reliability strategy.

126 UT3 1Q 2010


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UT3 1Q 2010
127