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# Ministry of Higher Education Class: 3rd stage

## & Scientific Research Subject: Numerical Methods

Tikrit University Time: 3 Hours
Form ( 1 )
College of engineering Date / / 2017
Final Exam
Chemical Eng. Dept. 2016-2017

Note :1- Answer five quastions only., 2-Each quastion have the same marks.

Q1:You have a spherical storage tank containing oil. The tank has a diameter of 6 ft. You are
asked to calculate the height h to which a dipstick 8 ft long would be wet with oil when immersed
in the tank when it contains 4 ft \$ , of oil. The equation that gives the height, h , of the liquid in the
spherical tank for the given volume and radius is given by
𝑓 ℎ = ℎ\$ − 9ℎ* + 3.8197 = 0
Use the bisection method of finding roots of equations to find the height, h, to which the dipstick
is wet with oil. Conduct three iterations to estimate the root of the above equation. Find the
absolute relative approximate error at the end of each iteration and the number of significant digits
at least correct at the end of each iteration.

Q2: Use the Gauss-Seidel method with relaxation (λ = 1.2) to solve the following system to a
tolerance of 𝜀M = 5%. If necessary, rearrange the equations to achieve convergence.
2𝑥T − 6𝑥* − 𝑥\$ = −38
−3𝑥T − 𝑥* + 7𝑥\$ = −34
−8𝑥T + 𝑥* − 2𝑥\$ = −20

Q3:The mechanism of polymer degradation reaction kinetics is suspected to follow Avrami or
random nucleation reaction,
(𝑇 − 𝑇Z ) ] ^
𝑓 𝛼 =𝐴 𝑒 _`
𝑏
where 𝑓 𝛼 = − ln(1 − 𝛼), 𝑇 is the absolute temperature (𝐾), 𝑏 is the heating rate in 𝐾/𝑚𝑖𝑛, 𝐴
is the frequency factor with units of rate constant, 𝑅 is the gas constant (8.314 𝑘𝐽/𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙. 𝐾)
and 𝑇Z is the activation temperature. Given that 𝑇Z = 338.75𝐾, 𝑏 = 10𝐾/𝑚𝑖𝑛 and conversion, 𝛼,
at different temperatures are as given in table . Use the method of least squares to determine the
values of 𝐴 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐸.
T, 𝐾 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440
Conversion,
0.1055 0.2010 0.3425 0.5146 0.6757 0.8026 0.8924 0.9544 1.00
𝛼

Page 1 of 2
Ministry of Higher Education Class: 3rd stage
& Scientific Research Subject: Numerical Methods
Tikrit University Time: 3 Hours
Form ( 1 )
College of engineering Date / / 2017
Final Exam
Chemical Eng. Dept. 2016-2017

Q4: In an attempt to understand the mechanism of the depolarization process in a fuel cell, an
electro-kinetic model for mixed oxygen-methanol current on platinum was developed in the
laboratory at FAMU. A very simplified model of the reaction developed suggests a functional
relation in an integral form. To find the time required for 50% of the oxygen to be consumed, the
time, 𝑇(𝑠) is given by
Z.q×TZrs
6.73 𝑥 + 4.3025×10]p
𝑇=− 𝑑𝑥
T.**×TZrs 2.316×10]TT
a) Use Simpson’s 1/3 rule to find the time required for 50 % of the oxygen to be consumed.
b) The exact value is 1.90140×10t 𝑠, find the relative true error.
Q5: The heat flux q is the quantity of heat flowing through a unit area of a material per unit time. It
can be computed with Fourier’s law,
𝑑𝑇
𝐽 = −𝑘
𝑑𝑥
where J has units of J/m* /s or W/m* and k is a coefficient of thermalconductivity that
parameterizes the heat-conducting propertiesof the material and has units of W/(°C . m). T =
temperature °C ; and x = distance (m) along the path of heat flow. Fourier’s law isused routinely
by architectural engineers to determine heat flowthrough walls. The following temperatures are
measured from thesurface (x = 0) into a stone wall: x, m 0 0.08 0.16

## Q6: The following is an initial value, second-order differential equation:

𝑑* 𝑥 𝑑𝑥
*
+ 5𝑥. + 𝑥 + 7 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝑤𝑡 = 0
𝑑𝑡 𝑑𝑡
where
𝑑𝑥
0 = 1.5 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑥 0 = 6
𝑑𝑡
Note that 𝜔 = 1. Decompose the equation into two first-order differential equations. After the
decomposition, solve the system from 𝑡 = 0 𝑡𝑜 15 and plot the results.

Good Luck