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Scenario: The following data (listed horizontally in the order the bottles are filled) represent the amount

of zinc dispensed in a sample of 45 bottles of a certain brand of multivitamins with an advertised zinc

content of 2mg.

2.03 2.03 2.02 2.03 2.02 2.02 2.01 2.01 2.01

2.01 2.01 2.01 2.01 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00

1.99 1.99 1.98 1.98 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97 1.97

1.96 1.96 1.95 1.95 1.95 1.94 1.94 1.94 1.91

Using 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence that the mean amount of zinc in the bottles of this

multivitamins is different from 2mg.

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: A quality control supervisor of a light bulb took a sample of 12 light bulbs from a shift and

measured the life in hours as follows: 563, 491, 267, 511, 632, 1050, 450, 265, 545, 317, 427, 341. Using

0.05 level of significance, is there evidence that the mean life of these light bulbs is more than 400

hours?

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: According to a recent survey, the tuition fee of state colleges will rise in the coming school

year. Thirty-five state colleges were asked to give their expected increase (in percentages) in tuition

fees. On average, the tuition fee increase for incoming freshmen is 5.7% and 11.5% for old students.

Assume that the population standard deviation of increased tuition fees for incoming freshmen is 6%

and for old students is 5%. Using 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence that the average tuition fee

for incoming freshmen is expected to increase more than the average tuition fee for old students?

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: A company wishes to compare the delivery time in days of two of its online shops. Data

collected are summarized as follows:

Shop A Shop B

Mean 34.3 days 43.7 days

Standard Deviation 2.4 days 3.1 days

Sample Size 41 31

Using 0.01 level of significance, is there evidence of a difference in the average delivery time between

the two online shops, assuming equality of population variances?

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: The supervisor of an assembly plant is interested in determining whether different training

methods have an effect on the assembly time of the workers. He randomly assigns 42 newly hired

workers into two groups of 21. The first group takes Training Program 1 and the second group receives

Training Program 2. After the training, the workers are then evaluated on the length of assembly time

(in minutes). The results are as follows:

16.7 15.6 22.4 22.4 13.8 23.7

19.3 18.0 16.5 18.2 18.0 17.4

16.8 21.7 17.7 19.3 20.8 23.2

17.7 17.4 16.2 15.6 17.1 20.1

19.8 16.4 18.2 18.0 28.2 12.3

19.3 16.8 19.3 21.7 20.8 15.2

16.0 18.5 30.7 30.7 24.7 16.0

If the variances in the population assembly time are assumed equal, is there evidence of a difference

between the average assembly time of workers trained under Program 1 and those trained in Program

2? Use a 0.05 level of significance.

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: Suppose that an experiment is designed to compare the difference in the brightness of color

(measured in brightness numbers) of a certain grade of paint under two different conditions – treated

with Formula A and treated with Formula B. Based on past records, the standard deviation in the

brightness of colors is 10.2 for those treated with Formula A and 6.4 for those treated with Formula B. In

the experiment, 40 cans of the paint are randomly assigned – 20 are treated with Formula A and 20 with

Formula B. The sample mean for the Formula A is 163. 4 and the sample mean for Formula B is 156.9.

Using these results, test if there is a significant difference in the mean brightness of color between the

paints with Formula A and the paints treated with Formula B. Use a 0.05 level of significance.

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

7. Level of significance/ degree of freedom (if needed):

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: A homeowner wants to compare the yearly rental rates of 5-bedroom mansions in two

communities. A sample of 60 listings in a community 1 and 99 listings in community 2 yields the

following results:

Community 1 Community 2

Mean 191330 172340

Standard Deviation 32600 16920

Sample Size 60 99

Using 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence of a difference in the average yearly rental rates in the

two communities?

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: The following table reports June 2009 prices for a list of school supplies from two rival book

stores in the country:

Store 1 Store 2

Catleya Notebook 10.75 10.95

Mongol Pencil 13.25 13.50

Pilot Ballpen 24.25 23.95

San Rio Erase 13.50 13.40

Crayola Crayons 24 43.95 43.55

Mickey Ruler 12.50 12.60

Using 0.05 level of significance, is there evidence of a difference in the average price for items

purchased from the two bookstores?

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

Scenario: A drug is designed to lower bad cholesterol. To test, subjects were given the drug and their

levels of bad cholesterol were measured before and after the drug was taken. The sample data are as

follows:

Subject 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Before 155 185 209 193 179 170 198 200 174 182 169

After 145 159 183 176 159 167 177 191 170 151 146

Using 0.01 level of significance, is there evidence of a difference between the before and after readings.

1. Ho:

2. Ha:

3. Test Statistic:

4. Formula:

5. Computed Value:

6. Type of Test:

9. Decision:

10. Conclusion:

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