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Reference Manual Reference Manual

303028EN, Edition 5 303028EN, Edition 5


December 2012 Rosemount TankMaster WinOpi Rosemount TankMaster WinOpi December 2012

The following figure outlines the relationship between tank parameters and
physical quantities. The main parameters are shown on the left-hand side,
and input parameters on the right side of the flow chart: Total Observed Volume, TOV calculated from strapping tables. It is the total volume
at the observed temperature of the product.

Gross Observed Volume, GOV obtained by subtracting the Free Water Volume, FWV,
from the total observed volume, TOV.
The Free Water Volume is calculated from the Free
Water Level entered by the operator or measured
automatically by using a water interface sensor.

Gross Standard Volume, GSV the GOV corrected to the reference temperature
15° C/60° F.
The correction is made using the VCF, according to API
Standard 2540.

Net Standard Volume, NSV calculated as the GSV minus the dissolved sediment
and water.
For liquid gas tanks the liquid equivalent volume of the
gas above the product surface is added.

Weight in Vacuum, WIV the NSV multiplied by the Reference Density.

Weight Conversion Factor, WCF calculated from the Reference Density.

Weight in Air, WIA the NSV multiplied by the WCF.

Maximum Volume the volume that corresponds to the maximum product


level.

Available Room, AVRM calculated by substracting the TOV from the Maximum
Volume of the tank.

Floating Roof Adjustment, FRA the floating roof volume adjustment.

Sump volume the volume that is left in a tank when emptied down to
the Zero level.

CTSh used for correction of GOV to compensate for thermal


expansion of the tank wall.

Tank parameters flow chart


Minimum Volume the volume between the outlet and the bottom of the
tank.

Pumpable Volume the TOV minus the Minimum Volume.

Section 4. Installing a Tank Measurement System 4-15 4-16 Section 4. Installing a Tank Measurement System

Reference Manual Reference Manual


303028EN, Edition 5 303028EN, Edition 5
December 2012 Rosemount TankMaster WinOpi Rosemount TankMaster WinOpi December 2012

Flow Rate the Flow Rate is calculated using the level rate and the Vapor Density the Vapor Density parameter is used in the calculation
strapping tables. of the Observed Density. Enter the Vapor Density
manually in the Tank Volume Calculation Setup
window.
Reference Density the Reference Density can be automatically calculated
from the Observed Density and the Average If Vapor Density should not affect the Observed Density
Temperature. calculations, set the Vapor Density value as equal to
the Ambient Air Density (Setup>System).
Use automatic measurements in Hybrid Tank Gauging
systems with a pressure sensor connected.
S&W the percentage of sediment and water in the product.
For more information on Reference Density values, see
chapter 4.6.2 Product Parameter Setup.
Free Water Level, (FWL) can be manually entered or measured by a water
interface sensor.
Thermal Expansion Coefficient, used to calculate the VCF when using one of the
A Free Water Level source signal, i.e. the analog input
TEC Liquid 6C/24C/54C/60C or the RT_6C/54C volume correction
to which the sensor is connected, can be specified in
tables.
WinSetup. Select a tank in the workspace and go to
Tanks > Properties > Configuration.
Volume Correction Factor, VCF used to convert the volume at the current temperature
to the corresponding volume at the standard reference
Free Water Volume, (FWV) calculated on the basis of the FWL and the TCT.
temperature 15 °C (60 °F).
The VCF is automatically calculated according to API
standard 2540 if the Reference Density and the Pipeline the estimated volume in the pipeline connected to the
tank.
Average Temperature of the product are known.
For some volume correction tables the Thermal
Expansion Coefficient (TEC Liquid) must also be Pumpable Weight, (PW) calculated as Pumpable Volume (PV) multiplied by the
entered (see TEC Liquid). observed density.

Vapor Pressure the current vapor pressure is displayed if a pressure Available Weight Room, (AWRM) calculated as Available Volume Room (AVRM)
sensor is available. A pressure value can also be multiplied by the observed density.
entered manually.
The Vapor Pressure source signal, i.e. the analog input Relative Observed Volume, equal to (TOV / Max Volume) * 100
to which the sensor is connected, can be specified in (ROV)
WinSetup. Select a tank in the workspace and go to
Tanks > Properties > Configuration

Liquid Pressure the current liquid pressure is displayed if a pressure


sensor is available. A pressure value can also be
entered manually.
The Liquid Pressure source signal, i.e. the analog input
to which the sensor is connected, can be specified in
WinSetup. Select a tank in the workspace and go to
Tanks > Properties > Configuration

Section 4. Installing a Tank Measurement System 4-17 4-18 Section 4. Installing a Tank Measurement System
Reference Manual Reference Manual
303028EN, Edition 5 303028EN, Edition 5
December 2012 Rosemount TankMaster WinOpi Rosemount TankMaster WinOpi December 2012

Hybrid Tank Measuring System Liquid Gas Tanks

Air Density Ambient air density. For liquid gas tanks, the Molecular Mass, (MolMass), and the
Vapour-Liquid-Volume Ratios (VLVR), can be entered into the product table.
Default value 1.21kg/m³.
See chapter 4.4 Creating a Product Table.
Vapor Density Vapor density in tank. For tanks containing liquid gas a number of parameters are relevant. The
Default value 1.21kg/m³. mass of the gas (Vap Mass) in the Available Room is calculated and the
corresponding liquid equivalent volume is presented as Liq Equ in the Tank
Vapor Pressure, Press Vapor Vapor pressure above ambient air Inventory window.
pressure (gauge pressure).
If not available set P3 = 0. MAX VOLUME

Liquid Pressure, Press Liq Liquid pressure above ambient air


pressure (gauge pressure).

Press Sensor Levels Distance between pressure sensor P1 AVRM


AVAILABLE ROOM
and P3 (Ht). Distance from datum plate
to mid of membrane of pressure sensor
P1(Z).

Min Level The lowest level when density


calculation shall be performed.
TOV
Level Liquid Level. TOTAL OBSERVED VOLUME
Local Grav Local gravity constant.

Observed Density
If a pressure transducer is installed in a tank, the density of the product can be
calculated. This value is presented as the Observed Density.
In order to calculate the Observed Density, the correct local gravity constant
MolMass molecular mass.
must be given WinOpi. See chapter 4.2 System Setup for more details.
The Observed Density can also be calculated based on a manual value for Vapor-Liquid-Volume Ratios, volume ratio between vapor and liquid
Reference Density. VLVR in the tank.

Press Vapor Vapor Pressure


(gauge pressure).
Reference Density
The Reference Density is the density of a product at the standard reference Temp Vapor Vapor temperature.
temperature 15°C (60°F). This value can either be entered manually, or Available Room, AVRM calculated by substracting the TOV
calculated automatically from the Average Temperature and the Observed from the Maximum Volume of the tank.
Density, if available. Reference Density is calculated using a VCF according
to API Tables 5A, 5B, 53A or 53B. Vapor Mass, Vap Mass the mass of the gas in the AVRM.
Weight calculations are performed using the calculated volumes and either a Equivalent Liquid Volume, Liq the corresponding liquid volume of Vap
manually entered value for density or the observed density. The WIA, is Equ Mass and is added to the NSV.
calculated as the NSV multiplied by the WCF.
For floating roof tanks the volume calculations take into account if the roof is
fully floating, or if it is partly resting on its supports and partly receiving some
buoyancy from the product.
A Leak Alarm is available for changes to the NSV. See the section Leak
Alarms</Emphasis> on page 5-2.

Section 4. Installing a Tank Measurement System 4-19 4-20 Section 4. Installing a Tank Measurement System