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The Road to 5G: European

April 19th 2018 | 2pm London BST
Today’s Presenters

Scott Bicheno George Tsirtsis

Editorial Director Senior Director of Technology Qualcomm
April 2018 @gtsirtsis

From Vision
to Reality
George Tsirtsis
Sr. Director of Technology
Qualcomm Europe Inc
5G for Europe

• Context and History

• Spectrum and Standards
• Products and Ecosystem
• Use Cases
◦ Mixed Reality
◦ Internet of Things (IoT)
◦ Automotive
• Summary

Mobile is the largest technology
platform in human history

~ 7.7B
Total mobile

1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Analog voice Digital voice Mobile data Mobile broadband
TACS IS-95 (CDMA) CDMA2000/EV-DO Gigabit LTE

1. GSMA Intelligence, January 2018 6

Qualcomm pioneering advanced 5G NR technologies
To meet an extreme variation of 5G NR requirements

• Live

Mission-critical services Enhanced mobile broadband Massive Internet of Things

Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything (C-V2X) Spectrum sharing Flexible slot-based framework Enhanced power save modes
Drone communications Private Networks Scalable OFDM Massive MIMO Mobile mmWave Deeper coverage Grant-free UL
Ultra Reliable Low Latency Comms (URLLC) Dual Connectivity Advanced channel coding Narrow bandwidth Efficient signaling

10x 10x 3x 100x 100x 10x

Decrease in Experienced Spectrum Traffic Network Connection
end-to-end latency throughput efficiency capacity efficiency density
Based on ITU vision for IMT-2020 compared to IMT-advanced; URLLC: Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communications; IAB: Integrated Access & Backhaul
Mobilizing media Rich user-generated Congested High-speed
and entertainment content environments mobility

Connected cloud Immersive Connected Augmented

computing experiences vehicle reality

5G is essential for next •

Fiber-like data speeds
Low latency for real-time interactivity

generation mobile experiences •

More consistent performance
Massive capacity for unlimited data
More autonomous Safer, more autonomous Reliable access Smarter
manufacturing transportation to remote healthcare agriculture

More efficient use Improved public Sustainable cities Digitized logistics

of energy and utilities safety and security and infrastructure and retail

Powering the digital economy

5G will expand the mobile
ecosystem to new industries
* The 5G Economy, an independent study from IHS Markit, Penn Schoen Berland
> $12 Trillion
In goods and services by 2035*
and Berkeley Research Group, commissioned by Qualcomm
NR Designing a unified, more capable 5G air interface
Enhanced mobile
broadband High-bands
Above 24 GHz (mmWave)

5G 1 GHz to 6 GHz

Mission-critical Massive Internet Below 1 GHz
services of Things

Diverse services Diverse spectrum Diverse deployments

Scalability to address an extreme Getting the most out of a wide From macro to indoor hotspots, with
variation of requirements array of spectrum bands/types support for diverse topologies

A unifying connectivity fabric for future innovation

A platform for existing, emerging, and unforeseen connected services
5G NR will natively support all
different spectrum types EU 5G bands

26 GHz (mmWave)

Licensed spectrum Extreme bandwidths
Exclusive use and data rates eMBB

Shared spectrum
New shared spectrum paradigms
3.6 GHz
Wider bandwidths eMBB and
Unlicensed spectrum
Shared use
700 MHz
Longer range MBB
and massive IOT
The EU Roadmap to 5G—Initial Rollout in 2019

Sep 2016 Dec 2017 Auctions of 3.6 GHz and 2019 2020 By 2025
Initial 5G-NR 26 GHz in major
5G action plan and Initial 5G commercial 5G deployment across All urban areas
standards completed EU countries
pioneering bands agreed rollout Europe and transport
Pre-commercial trials (one major city paths with
per country) 5G coverage

2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2025

5G deployment across Europe in 2020 12

European Countries Focusing on the Release
of 3.4 GHz & 26 GHz Bands
Band Award Band Award

• 3.4 - 3.8 GHz (350 Mhz) 2017 • 3.4 - 3.8 GHz 2018
• 26 GHz 2018 • 26.5 – 27.5 GHz 2018?

Band Award Band Award

• 3.46 - 3.8 GHz 2018 • 3.4 - 3.8 GHz 2018

• 26 GHz 2019 • 26.5 – 27.5 GHz 2019

Band Award Award

• 3.6-3.8 GHz 2018 • 3.4-3.8 GHz 2019/20*
• 26.5 – 27.5 GHz 2019/2020 • 26 GHz 2020+*

Band Award Band Award

• 3.6 - 3.8 GHz 2018 • 3.4 - 3.8 GHz 2018
• 26.5 – 27.5 GHz 2018 • 26.5 – 27.5 GHz 2020

Band Award

• 3.4 - 3.6 GHz (150 MHz) 2018

• 3.6 - 3.8 GHz (116 MHz) 2019
• 26.5 – 27.5 GHz 2018/2019
<1GHz 3GHz 4GHz 5GHz 24-28GHz 37-40GHz 64-71GHz

24.25-24.45GHz 37-37.6GHz
24.75-25.25GHz 37.6-40GHz
600MHz (2x35MHz) 2.5GHz (LTE B41) 3.55-3.7 GHz 3.7-4.2GHz 5.9–7.1GHz 27.5-28.35GHz 47.2-48.2GHz 64-71GHz

600MHz (2x35MHz) 27.5-28.35GHz 37.6-40GHz 64-71GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 5.9–6.4GHz 24.5-27.5GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.4–3.8GHz 26GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.46–3.8GHz 26GHz

700MHz (2x30 MHz) 3.6–3.8GHz 26.5-27.5GHz

3.3–3.6GHz 4.8–5GHz 24.5-27.5GHz 37.5-42.5GHz

3.4–3.7GHz 26.5-29.5GHz

3.6–4.2GHz 4.4–4.9GHz 27.5-29.5GHz

3.4–3.7GHz 24.25-27.5GHz 39GHz

New 5G band
Global snapshot of 5G spectrum Licensed
Unlicensed / shared
Around the world, these bands have been allocated or targeted Existing band
First 5G NR standard complete — the global 5G standard
study items

Rel-15 work items Rel-16 work items Release 17+ evolution

Standalone (SA)
Phase 1 Phase 2

NR Commercial launches Commercial launches
Field trials
Accelerate eMBB deployments, Deliver new fundamental 5G NR
We are here plus establish foundation for technologies that expand and
future 5G innovations evolve the 5G ecosystem

Continue to evolve LTE in parallel as essential part of the 5G Platform

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022

LTE Advanced is foundational to 5G

Public safety /
Existing LTE New 5G NR mmWave Emergency
deployments nx10 Gigabit 5G services

New 5G NR Sub-6 GHz, Private LTE

and LTE coverage networks Digital broadcast
Gigabit LTE nx1 Gigabit 5G
Ubiquitous LTE Automotive
Gigabit LTE, VoLTE

Gigabit LTE is here now LTE IoT, private LTE network, 5G NR will provide next level of
and delivers a seamless C-V2X are enabling new user experience as well as cater for
5G mobile experience mobile use cases today new services

World’s first announced World’s first announced World’s first announced World’s first announced
2 Gbps LTE 7nm chip 14nm RF chip 7x carrier
modem aggregation

Strengthening the Gigabit LTE foundation of 5G NR multi-mode networks

Making 5G NR a commercial reality in 2019



Best-in-class 5G 5G NR standards and Interoperability Modem and

prototype systems technology leadership testing and trials RFFE leadership
Early R&D investment to design and Our technology inventions Leveraging prototype systems and our Announced the Qualcomm Snapdragon
test 5G technologies for years driving the 5G NR standard leading global network experience X50 5G modem family

Building on our LTE technology leadership

Industry-leading 5G NR interoperability testing
At the center of the 5G ecosystem, leading the way to 5G NR commercialization

World’s first interoperable World’s first interoperable Successful multi-band Additional vendors, World’s first announced
5G NR sub-6 GHz data 5G NR mmWave data 5G NR interoperability new functionality and standard-compliant trials
connection connection testing more based on a 5G modem chipset

November 2017 December 2017 February 2018 MWC 2018 2H-2018

In collaboration with 20+ global mobile network operators

Continued, fast-paced
progress towards
commercial devices
in the first half of 2019

Multi-Gigabit transmission
over mmWave spectrum
on working Snapdragon X50 October February
silicon 2017 2018

Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm

Technologies, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries. 20
Global Mobile Operators
Select Qualcomm Snapdragon
X50 5G Modem for Mobile 5G
NR Trials in 2018

World’s First Announced Standard

Compliant Trials based on a 5G Modem
Chipset for Mobile Devices, including
Smartphone Form-Factors

Global OEMs Select
Snapdragon™ X50
5G NR Modem
Family for Mobile
Device Launches in
Qualcomm and Mobile Device
OEMs Focus on Delivering Next-
Generation 5G Mobile
Experiences with Low Latency,
Extreme Capacity and Fiber-Like
Connectivity to the Cloud

Mixed Reality
Internet of Things

5G improving today's MBB use
cases and enabling new ones
Low latency
Instantaneous, on-demand ability to Optimized 5G air interface reduces network delays,
complement edge computing power local processing closes remaining gap

High speed at cell edge

Rendered and
encoded frames Speeds up to several hundred Mbps even indoors

Augmenting local compute

GPU Cluster
Powerful on-device VR processing handles 6-DoF
tracking + local rendering to reduce perceived latency

Positioning Photo-realistic VR gaming
VR HMD Powerful combination of optimized, high performance
with on-device mobile GPU with high-end gaming GPU.
processing for
rendering and
inside-out tracking

Cloud 5G Cloud
Learning Training Learning Training

Extreme Mobile
Broadband &

Learning Training
Services Cloud
Learning Training

5G: A Unified Connectivity Fabric Across Devices and Services

Security camera

Head mounted display

Automated guided vehicle (AGV)

Handheld computing

Industrial robot

Edge computing, speculative

preventive maintenance and

Updating entertainment system

crew access

Uploading engine data

Updating aircraft logs

Interactive maintenance

Turbine sensor

Drone inspection

Blade sensors

Vehicle tracking

Environmental sensors

Handheld computing

Qualcomm Technologies Commercial & Industrial IoT

Street Energy & Industrial IoT Industrial Asset Retail

Lighting Metering Gateways Handhelds Tracking

Comprehensive technology portfolio powered by global standards and innovation

• Scale
• Rapid design cycles
Bluetooth Cellular LTE Geolocation NFC Powerline SoCs Wi-Fi 15.4
• Integrated
• Optimized
CPU/ Power
• Proven Multimedia Security Software Camera management
Connected Cars

in telematics and
connectivity, supplier to
all major car OEMs

All major automakers use Qualcomm Technologies Leading

in premium next-gen
Acura ● Audi ● BMW ● Buick ● BYD ● Cadillac infotainment design-wins
for production vehicles
starting 2019-2020
Chevrolet ● Chrysler ● Dodge ● Ford ● Geely ● Honda
Hyundai ● Infiniti ● Jaguar ● Jeep ● Kia ● Land Rover
Lexus ● Lincoln ● Mercedes ● Mini ● Nissan ● Opel
25 Infotainment
new telematics and
infotainment design-wins
Porsche ● PSA ● Renault ● Rolls-Royce ● Smart in FY17
Subaru Toyota Tesla Volvo VW
● ● ● ●
12+ connectivity

automakers have selected

Snapdragon for infotainment

Source: Company data design-win pipeline*
* Infotainment and telematics designs
Powering the next-generation car with today’s broad portfolio of automotive solutions

Multimedia Power GPU RF Software/ Position Powerline Ethernet Security

Management HLOS Location

Multi-OS Wi-Fi / Bluetooth EV Charging 3G/4G LTE Computer

support DSP CPU
DSRC PLC 5G/C-V2X Vision

Connected & Cockpit Gateways Autonomy & Safety

• Cloud-connected • Real-time navigation • Emergency Braking • Radar + Camera
• Emergency-calling • Multimedia / BYOD • Fwd Collision Warning • Custom braking
• Over the air updates • Electronic horizon CO2-Free • Auto-park assist • Sensor Fusion
• WiFi/BT hands free • Instrument Clusters • Blind spot detection • Highway Autopilot
• Full & Hybrid Electric Vehicles
• Global positioning • Rear-seat entertainment • Pedestrian detection • Central Compute
• Charging Station infrastructure
• WiFi Hotspot • Domain controllers • Moving object detection • Fully autonomous
• Vehicle charging outlet
• Vehicle–to-X • SW & OS integration • Surround View • Car-As-A-Service
• EV battery management systems
• Passive Keyless Entry • App virtualization • Forward facing camera • Robotaxi
e.g., collision avoidance safety systems C-V2X
V2I Establishes the foundation for safety
e.g., traffic signal timing/priority use cases and a continued 5G NR C-V2X
V2P evolution for future autonomous
e.g., safety alerts to pedestrians, bicyclists
e.g., real-time traffic/routing, cloud services Release 14 C-V2X completed in 2017

Broad industry support — 5GAA

Global trials started in 2017

1st announced C-V2X product ,

Qualcomm® 9150
Enhanced range and reliability for direct C-V2X Chipset
Qualcomm and Leading Automotive Companies
communication without network assistance Qualcomm
Across the Globe
9150 Drive the Commercialization of C-V2X

The path to 5G | Extending reach of mobile technology

Setting the pace for other industries

Automotive IoT Mobile compute Networking RFFE

Summary and Takeaways
• First 5G spec is ready and 5G spectrum is becoming available within 2018 across Europe
• Qualcomm’s technology leadership brings X24 (2Gbps LTE modem) and X50 (First gen 5G
modem) to flagship devices in 2019
• Qualcomm 5G NR interop with all major infra-vendors shows ecosystem maturity
• European operators are developing their plans for 5G deployments from 2019
• Split-VR Qualcomm Technology points the way to a new business model
• Industrial IoT has started with 4G LTE but its scale and complexity will eventually require 5G
• 5G and C-V2X will bring a new in-car services and a new level of automotive safety

Qualcomm pioneering advanced 5G NR technologies

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or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as
©2018 Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its affiliated
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Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of
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semiconductor business, QCT.

Scott Bicheno George Tsirtsis

Editorial Director Senior Director of Technology Qualcomm
Thank you for attending