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Running head: Interview Report 1

Interview Report for United Kingdom Case Study

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis

EDTC 645

Dr. LeAnn Derby

March 28, 2018


Interview Report 2

Introduction

Mr. Tony Blair, Prime Minister of England said, students cannot be ready for the future if what
they are learning is from the past (Hammond, 2014). The statement by Mr. Blair coincides with
the main issue identified by my interviewees-if the teachers are not trained on current technology
trends in education, they cannot teach the students the new technology trends in education. Lack
of professional development, with regards to technology, does not prepare our students for the
21st Century workforce. If teachers aren’t ready, students will not be ready.

Biography of Interviewees
Ms. Natasha Smith is an Elementary teacher at Alconbury Elementary School, which is part of
the Department of Defense Dependents Schools. Ms. Smith holds a BS in Early Childhood
Education and a MA in Educational Technology. Ms. Smith is planning to further her education
by getting a doctorate in speech pathology and taking computer programming classes online. Her
hobbies are reading and sewing. She also swims and practices archery. She also, enjoys
traveling and learning new languages.
Ms. Latrisha Jackson is in her 9th year of teaching. She teaches English 12, Government, AP US
History, and AP Government at Alconbury Middly High School. She enjoys traveling and
participating in competitions with her AP Government classes.

Interview Questions
1. What grade do you start teaching computer literacy in your school? Educational authority?
Rationale: Some school systems allocate a large portion of their budgets to technology in
order for students to be exposed to technology in their early years.

2. In the U.S. the digital divide happens often among schools in affluent areas versus schools
in lower income areas? Where do you feel the digital divide happens in your district? What
about your country?
Rationale: In an article I read and documentary I watched last semester, I saw the digital
divide was between the haves and the have not’s.

3. Are teachers in all schools/educational authorities offered the same type of professional
developments on using technology?
Rationale: In order for students to be prepared to be 21st century workers, teachers must be
taught how to use the technology that will make them successful.

4. What technology assistance is available for teachers? Are there school-wide programs,
computers or applications, each teacher can use?
Rationale: I wanted to know what technology is available for them to us in their classroom
and how it is acquired.
Interview Report 3

5. What technology is available for your students at school? Is it free for students that go to
the public schools?
Rationale: All students must have technology available to them whether in a BYOD
program or school provided technology.

6. What are your personal thoughts about technology use in the classroom, not just your
classroom?
Rationale: One of the articles stated there were educational systems in the U.K. that did
not consider technology necessary for the classroom.

7. Do you think the educational system in which you work is preparing students for the 21st
century work force?
Rationale: We hear 21st century preparedness a lot in the educational arena in the U.S.
What does that mean in other countries?

8. Does the educational authority or school provide students with laptops or any other devices
to be used at home and at school?
Rationale: My school has a BYOD program and we have laptops and Ipads for students to
use.

9. In the U.S. the average grade of a child with a cell phone is 5th grade. Are the students
in your school allowed to use their cell phones for school work?
Rationale: Should cell phones be covered by the BYOD policies?

Procedures:
I reached out to Ms. Smith and Ms. Jackson using email. We spoke exclusively using email. I
sent the letter to each interviewee. Both agreed to answer my questions and follow-up questions,
if I had any. Ms. Jackson travels frequently with her Social Studies students. Her students are
involved in competitions such as Model the United Nations which is held in New York, U.S.A.

Letter to interviewees

Aves Ruffin-Justis

1850 Cypress Road

Pocomoke, Maryland 21851

Dear :

My name is Aves Ruffin-Justis. I am the business and technology teacher at Holly Grove
Christian in the U.S.
Interview Report 4

I am currently working on my Master's in Technology Education from the University of


Maryland University College. In my Integration of Technology: Global Perspectives class we
have an assignment to interview teachers from another country about the technology they use in
their classrooms.

Later in the semester, I would like to collaborate on a project with you and your class. We can
meet via Skype, Hangouts, or any other type of synchronous and asynchronous communication
medium.

If you can help me with this project, please respond to this email. This interview will take only a
few minutes and can be written or we can conduct the interview via Skype or Google Hangouts.
My Holly Grove email address is: aruffin-justis@hgcsweb.com <mailto:aruffin-
justis@hgcsweb.com> . My gmail address is:aruffinjustis@gmail.com
<mailto:aruffinjustis@gmail.com> .

Thank you very much in advance for your help.

Peace and blessings,

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis

Email Messages:
Ms. Natasha Smith

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis
Holly Grove Christian School
Business Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invincible army: He
makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand still in
terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)

On 3/26/18, 2:53 AM, "Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe"


Interview Report 5

<Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu> wrote:

Aves,

At this school, I'm just a kindergarten teacher. :) I'm moving to Japan in


August, and will be the Educational Technologist. But for now, I'm incognito.

Natasha

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Saturday, March 24, 2018 3:02 AM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: FW: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Good evening Ms. Smith,

I know you are a kindergarten teacher. Do you have another title? Thank
you for your help.

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis
Holly Grove Christian School
Business Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invincible army:
He makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand still in
terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)

On 3/19/18, 11:36 AM, "Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe"


<Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu> wrote:

I think so, yes. She's in Germany (I think) and will be back next week.
Interview Report 6

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Monday, March 19, 2018 2:33 PM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Good morning Ms. Smith,

Thank you so much, I appreciate your completing the interview questions


for me.

Do you think Ms. Jackson will have time to do a class project with me?

Thanks again for your help. Have a great day.

Peace,

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis
Holly Grove Christian School
Business Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invicible army:
He makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand still in
terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)

-----Original Message-----
From: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
[mailto:Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu]
Sent: Monday, March 19, 2018 10:16 AM
To: Ruffin-Justis, Aves <ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com>
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Aves,
Interview Report 7

Sorry, I didn't check my email Friday afternoon. LaTrisha is on a sports trip


this week, but she is going to complete your interview questions when she has
time. I am forwarding this email to myself at home, and will get them done
tonight.

Thanks,
Natasha

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Friday, March 16, 2018 1:51 AM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: Re: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Good evening Ms. Smith,

Would it be possible for you and Ms. Jackson to answer the following
interview questions for me? I really would appreciate it. I have the questions
on a Google doc. If the document doesn’t open or if the link doesn’t work,
please contact me so I may fix it. Thank you in advance for your help.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZVZ1DwXhBBC5XCEQlY_iV-
ZQNs7Jnhz1Vz_DCcS9tH0/edit?usp=sharing

Peace,

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis
Holly Grove Christian School
Business Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invincible
army: He makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand
still in terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)
Interview Report 8

On 3/7/18, 3:10 AM, "Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe"


<Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu> wrote:

Aves,

She just flew to New York this morning with a group for Model United
Nations. I'll ask her when she returns.

Thanks,
Natasha

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Tuesday, March 06, 2018 3:30 PM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Good morning Ms. Smith,

Thank you for giving Ms. Jackson my contact information. Would it be


possible for me to have her information? I would like to send her a few details
about the project I would like to do with her class.

Thank you so much again for your help.

Peace,

Aves M. Ruffin-Justis
Holly Grove Christian School
Business Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invicible
army: He makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand
still in terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Interview Report 9

Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)

-----Original Message-----
From: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
[mailto:Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu]
Sent: Thursday, March 01, 2018 3:20 AM
To: Ruffin-Justis, Aves <ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com>
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

LaTrisha Jackson says that she'll email you by the end of the week. :)

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Wednesday, February 28, 2018 1:48 PM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: Re: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Thank you so much. Peace, Aves

Get Outlook for iOS <https://aka.ms/o0ukef>


________________________________

From: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe


<Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu>
Sent: Wednesday, February 28, 2018 8:23:49 AM
To: Ruffin-Justis, Aves
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

No problem. I'll ask a teacher friend at the high school.

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Wednesday, February 28, 2018 12:29 PM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: Re: Aneshia's Aunt from the US
Interview Report 10

Good morning,
The project I would like to do deals with budgeting. I can make that
work with any subject.
Thank you so much for your help.
Peace,
Aves

Get Outlook for iOS <https://aka.ms/o0ukef>


________________________________

From: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe


<Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu>
Sent: Wednesday, February 28, 2018 3:12:37 AM
To: Ruffin-Justis, Aves
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Aves,

Do you have a subject matter preference?

Natasha

-----Original Message-----
From: Ruffin-Justis, Aves [mailto:ARuffin-Justis@hgcsweb.com]
Sent: Tuesday, February 27, 2018 1:07 PM
To: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe
Subject: Re: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Good morning Ms. Smith,


Thank you for responding to my email. It’s great meeting you too.
I think trying to communicate synchronously with a kindergarten class
may be a little difficult. 😊
Would you happen to know a high school teacher who may be willing to
help me? Thank you so much.
Have a great day!!
Interview Report 11

Peace,
Aves

Get Outlook for iOS <https://aka.ms/o0ukef>


________________________________

From: Smith, Natasha, Ms., CIV, OSD/DoDEA-Europe


<Natasha.Smith@eu.dodea.edu>
Sent: Tuesday, February 27, 2018 2:58:30 AM
To: Ruffin-Justis, Aves
Subject: RE: Aneshia's Aunt from the US

Aves,

Nice to meet you. I am a kindergarten teacher in England at the


moment, and would be happy to help. I can't promise synchronous
communication with kindergartners, but I'll try. Please let me know how I can
help.

Natasha

Ms. Latrisha Jackson

ness Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invincible army: He
makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand still in
terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)
Interview Report 12

From: LaTrisha Jackson <latrisha.jackson@student.dodea.edu>
 Date:


Sunday, March 25, 2018 at 9:32 AM
 To: "Ruffin-Justis, Aves" <ARuffin-
Justis@hgcsweb.com>
 Subject: Here you go!

Please explain each in as much detail as you can. Thank you so much again for your help.

1. What grade do you start teaching computer literacy in your school? Educational
authority?
-I am not sure when computer literacy is taught at my school. By the time I get students in
their senior year, most are knowledgeable in computer literacy.

2. In the U.S. the digital divide happens often among schools in affluent areas versus schools
in lower income areas? Where do you feel the digital divide happens in your district? What
about your country?
- In my district most, if not all students have access to technology. There is no recognizable
divide.

3. Are teachers in all schools/educational authorities offered the same type of professional
developments on using technology? I think that we (DoDDs) are behind in technology
professional development. We have been offered limited opportunities to engage in
professional development that revolves around technology.

4. What technology assistance is available for teachers? Are there school-wide programs,
computers or applications, each teacher can use? We have an Educational
Technologist/teacher who helps us with our technology needs and wants (to a certain
extent). Occasionally, we are offered online courses, such as Google Docs or Schoology, but
that is about it.

5. What technology is available for your students at school? Is it free for students that go to the
public schools? -Students are offered free laptops that they may use at school.

6. Is there a type of free internet service that is available for students at home? Not that I am
aware.

7. Does the educational authority or school provide students with laptops or any other devices
to be used at home and at school? The school provides laptops that may be used at school.

8. In the U.S. the average grade of a child with a cell phone is 5th grade. Are the students in
your school allowed to use their cell phones for school work? Yes, as long as the student is
using reputable sources in doing so. Also, I found that many of my students will download
audiobooks on their phone of the book we are covering in class. So I feel that as long as
students are using their personal technology for good, then why not allow them to use it.

9. How much influence does the government have on the technology use in education in your
Interview Report 13

country? Internet use? Well, considering I am employed by the government, I would say quite a
bit. I think that the government could be using more of its resources to advance technology in
the class but may be limited due to security reasons.

Thank you so much for answering my questions. If you need to contact me you may at aruffin-
justis@hgcsweb.com, aruffinjustis@gmail.com or you may reach me on Google hangouts or
Voxer. My Voxer is talkjustis.


Ms. Jackson
Alconbury Middle/High School
12th grade English/Social Studies Teacher

ness Teacher
The Lord God is my Strength, my personal bravery, and my invincible army: He
makes my feet like hinds' feet and will make me to walk [not stand still in
terror, but to walk] and make [spiritual] progress upon my high places[of
trouble, suffering, or responsibility]!
Habakkuk 3:19(Amplified)

From: LaTrisha Jackson <latrisha.jackson@student.dodea.edu>
 Date:


Sunday, March 25, 2018 at 9:32 AM
 To: "Ruffin-Justis, Aves" <ARuffin-
Justis@hgcsweb.com>
 Subject: Here you go!

Please explain each in as much detail as you can. Thank you so much again for your help.

2. What grade do you start teaching computer literacy in your school? Educational
authority?
-I am not sure when computer literacy is taught at my school. By the time I get students in
their senior year, most are knowledgeable in computer literacy.

2. In the U.S. the digital divide happens often among schools in affluent areas versus schools
in lower income areas? Where do you feel the digital divide happens in your district? What
about your country?
- In my district most, if not all students have access to technology. There is no recognizable
divide.
Interview Report 14

3. Are teachers in all schools/educational authorities offered the same type of professional
developments on using technology? I think that we (DoDDs) are behind in technology
professional development. We have been offered limited opportunities to engage in
professional development that revolves around technology.

4. What technology assistance is available for teachers? Are there school-wide programs,
computers or applications, each teacher can use? We have an Educational
Technologist/teacher who helps us with our technology needs and wants (to a certain
extent). Occasionally, we are offered online courses, such as Google Docs or Schoology, but
that is about it.

5. What technology is available for your students at school? Is it free for students that go to the
public schools? -Students are offered free laptops that they may use at school.

6. Is there a type of free internet service that is available for students at home? Not that I am
aware.

7. Does the educational authority or school provide students with laptops or any other devices
to be used at home and at school? The school provides laptops that may be used at school.

8. In the U.S. the average grade of a child with a cell phone is 5th grade. Are the students in
your school allowed to use their cell phones for school work? Yes, as long as the student is
using reputable sources in doing so. Also, I found that many of my students will download
audiobooks on their phone of the book we are covering in class. So I feel that as long as
students are using their personal technology for good, then why not allow them to use it.

9. How much influence does the government have on the technology use in education in your
country? Internet use? Well, considering I am employed by the government, I would say quite a
bit. I think that the government could be using more of its resources to advance technology in
the class but may be limited due to security reasons.

Thank you so much for answering my questions. If you need to contact me you may at aruffin-
justis@hgcsweb.com, aruffinjustis@gmail.com or you may reach me on Google hangouts or
Voxer. My Voxer is talkjustis.


Ms. Jackson
Alconbury Middle/High School
12th grade English/Social Studies Teacher
Interview Report 15

Natasha

1. Name of your school


Alconbury Elementary School, which is part of the Department of Defense Dependents
Schools

2. At your school, are you the team leader for your grade/subject?
We have a sure start through first grade team, and I am not team leader this year, although I
was last year. We rotate years being leader.

3. What degrees do you currently hold?


I have a BS in Early Childhood Education and a MA in Educational Technology.

4. Are you planning to further your education? And if so, with area of study?
I've been toying with the idea of getting a doctorate in speech pathology. Perhaps I'll take a
class or two to see if it's my cup of tea. I'd also like to become fluent in Swift, and am taking
programming classes online.

5. What are your personal thoughts about technology use in the classroom, not just your
classroom.
Technology, used thoughtfully and intentionally, can enhance learning in any classroom.
Teachers, though, need time to use and experiment with new technology so that they themselves
are comfortable with it.

6. Do you think the educational system in which you work is preparing students for the 21st
century work force.
As much as my educational system touts '21st century learning', I do not think that students are
truly prepared for a 21st century workforce. Jobs that my students will perform don't yet exist.
How can we be preparing students for them? We should be stressing communication,
collaboration, creativity and critical thinking. Instead, we are working on common core state
standards. Even though some individuals try, our system isn't preparing students for the future.
Interview Report 16

7. As for you personally, what are your hobbies?


I love to read and am a lazy seamstress. I also swim and practice archery. I have secret Robin
Hood dreams, and I enjoy perfecting my aim with my recurve bow. Additionally, I like to travel
and learn new languages.

8. What are your likes and dislikes?


As for preferences, I'm pretty relaxed. I don't like rudeness, and appreciate when people are
treated like people, without regard to social standing or rank. And, I like when people are well-
mannered.
Interview Report 17