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Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson
Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson
Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson

Ballet

Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson

By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson

Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson
Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson
Ballet By: Paige Ney and Emily Johnson

What is Ballet?

Ballet is an artistic dance form performed to music using precise and highly formalized set steps and gestures. Classical ballet, is characterized by light, graceful, fluid movements and the use of pointe shoes.

Pointe shoes are specially made for ballerinas to allow them to dance on the tips of their toes.

In order to master ballet you must have years of classical training

performed mostly with classical music

In latin, ballet means to dance

must have years of classical training ❏ performed mostly with classical music ❏ In latin, ballet

Origin

The origins of ballet are the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Ballet spread to France later thanks to a dancer named Catherine De’ Medici and spread like wildfire with the help of the french aristocrats who helped fund the art for their entertainment

Uses french terminology Ex: pas de chat-the jump of the cat

dancing was mostly used in balls and was never performed on stage.

terminology Ex: pas de chat-the jump of the cat ❏ dancing was mostly used in balls
History ❏ Ballet originated in Italy in the 1500's and spread to France by mainly

History

History ❏ Ballet originated in Italy in the 1500's and spread to France by mainly one

Ballet originated in Italy in the 1500's and spread to France by mainly one person Catherine De’ Medici a French queen that grew up in Italy and brought ballet to France. In France the aristocrats loved the art and spread it though elaborate festivals.
King Louis XIV was the next in line to fall in love with ballet, he became a dancer and made standards such as the positions of ballet.
In 1661 a dance academy opened in France and not long after (1681) the first ballet was performed on stage, even though it was just some simple steps in a opera.
In the 1700's a ballet master Jean Georges Noverre believed that ballet didn't have to be preformed with the singing but could be done by itself. He later created the first narrative ballet (one that told a story)
In the 1900's the romantic movement began and ballet exploded it became a huge influence on ballet this was when pointe work began (pointe is dancing on the tip of your toes) and was the creation of the first tutu. The popularity of ballet also extended to Russia and some of the most popular ballets were created such as: Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, and The nutcracker. Though these ballets the classical form of ballet was made this included fancy footwork higher extension and complicated pointe work.
Today ballet includes all of the traditional aspects and a little more technique it has become a worldwide dance form.

Gender Inequality

Clothing

Men:

Tights

Women:

heavy wigs

large headdresses

heels

corsets

heavy skirts

Important figures

Catherine De’ Medici: brought ballet to France

King Louis XIV: Developed the foundations of dance.

Marie-Anne Cupis De Camargo: shortened skirts (Created the romantic tutu)

Jean Georges Noverre: created narrative ballets (his B-day is international dance day after him)

Gaetan Vestris: called himself the “God of the dance” he was the first dancer to take off his mask (before that time all dancers wore masks while dancing)

Marie Taglioni: First dancer to ever dance on pointe the original point shoes were made of satin and had no support.

Marius Petipa:An influential ballet master said to help create over 60 ballets

Sergei Diaghilev: introduced ballet to the rest of the world through his travels

Anna Pavlova: added a shank to point shoes changed the body form from muscular dancers to thin slender dancers.

George Balanchine: A choreographer and dancer that incorporated more meaningful music into the ballets

Pointe Shoes ❏ The very first ballet shoes for women were heels ❏ The original

Pointe Shoes

The very first ballet shoes for women were heels

The original pointe shoes were leather ballet slippers

The next adjustments were small until Pierina Legnani did thirty-two fouettes on pointe ( 32 Fouettes example)

After that point shoes started to evolve dancers had their shoe makers harden the leather sole/shank and create a hard vamp and a flat platform.

there are mainly 2 types of pointe shoes currently:

● Russian: harder shoes because there is more focus on turns

● Italian: a little softer because there is more focus on

jumping (when you jump you roll through your feet)

Bibliography

Primary sources:

Pittsburgh ballet theatre.”The History of ballet.” http://www.pbt.org/ community-engagement/ brief-history-ballet

Sas school of dance “HISTORY OF BALLET.” http://www.sasschool ofdance.com/history-ballet

Chantrell, Glynnis (2002). The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Word Histories. New York: Berkley Books. ISBN 0-425-19098-6.

Lee, Carol (2002). Ballet In Western Culture: A History of its Origins and Evolution. New York: Routledge

Secondary sources:

Gordon, Suzanne (1984). Off Balance: The Real World of Ballet. McGraw-Hill

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ballet". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Bland, Alexander (1976). A History of Ballet and Dance in the Western World. New York: Praeger Publisher

Craine, Deborah; MacKrell, Judith (2000). The Oxford Dictionary of Dance. Oxford University Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-19-860106-7. It is from this institution that French ballet has evolved rather than the Académie Royale de Danse.