You are on page 1of 5

Brain Tumours – Facts to know!!

Home / Brain / Brain Tumours – Facts to…

Brain tumours may be cancerous (malignant )or non cancerous (benign). Almost 1 million cases occur in a year in India. Exact Cause is

usually not known. Brain tumour can arise primarily in brain called Primary brain tumour and secondarily can arise from other part of

the body and spread to brain called secondaries or metastatic brain tumours.

1. Benign – slow growing, not cancerous and won’t spread to surrounding structures

2. Malignant – fast growing, cancerous and spread to surrounding structures. May reoccur after the treatment.

Most common brain tumours – Meningiomas, Gliomas, Pituitary adenomas, Acoustic schwannomas.

I) Primary brain tumours –

1. Meningiomas – Arise from meninges

2. Gliomas – Arise from brain and spinal cord.- astrocytomas, glioblastomas, ependymomas, oligoastrocytomas,and oligodendrogliomas.
3. Pituitary adenomas
4. Acoustic schwannomas

5. Craniophyryngiomas-non cancerous
6. Medulloblastomas- common in children and behind brain and spreads in cerebrospinal spinal fluid.

7. PNET – Primitive neuroectodemal tumour, starts in embryonic cells of brain. These can occur anywhere in brain.

There are 4 grades

Grade 1
Grade 2
Grade 3

Grade 4

Lower the grade is least malignant(usually no contrast enhancement), grade 4 is highly malignant(contrast enhances).

II) Secondaries(metastatic) –

Secondary (metastatic) brain tumours are tumours that result from cancer that starts elsewhere in your body and then spreads

(metastasizes) to brain. Secondary brain tumours most often occur in people who have a history of cancer. But in rare cases, a

metastatic brain tumour may be the first sign of cancer that began elsewhere in your body.

In adults, secondary brain tumours are far more common than are primary brain tumuors.

Any cancer can spread to the brain, but common types include:

Breast cancer

Colon cancer

Kidney cancer

Lung cancer
Melanoma

Prostate

Thyroid

Gynecological tumours

Risk factors are

Neurofibromatosis
Ionising radiation

Epstein Barr virus

History of cancer in the family


Exposure to vinyl chloride

All headaches are not due to brain tumours, all tumours may not produce headaches.

Headaches in the morning

Extreem nausea

Headache relieved by vomiting


Vision problems

Seizures

Repeated episodes of headache


Symptoms depending on location of tumour-behaviour disturbance, ataxia

Management – Brain tumours are diagnosed by

CT Scan-screen the brain most of the time.

MRI SCAN – to know the exact location and spread.


MR Spectroscopy – to know the nature.

PET scan – to know the secondaries.

ANGIOGRAM – to see the brain vessels

Biopsy from the tumour.

Survival

Median survival

1. Low grade astrocytoma is 5 years or more

2. Glioblastoma – 1 year

3. Anapalastic astrocytoma – 3 years

Lower grade can be converted into higher grade

Treatment –

1. Surgery – Surgery is the usual first treatment for most brain tumours. Neuroradio-imaging, earlier diagnosis, systematic planning,

preoperative, anaesthetic management, Neuro microscopes and surgical micro instruments, it is possible to remove significant

amounts of brain tumour through relatively safely.

For most benign tumours, treatment is often successful and a full recovery is possible, although there’s sometimes a small chance the

tumour can reoccur. Regular follow-up is advised to monitor.

2. The advent of PET CT, IGRT(image guided radiation therapy) and Gamma knife surgery(stereotactic radio surgery) is revolutionizing

the treatment of various problems in the brain, including benign brain tumours in eloquent locations, like the motor cortex, basal

ganglia, brain stem or near the optic nerve.


Howsoever, all Brain tumours do not require operation and many are treatable with radiation or chemotherapy or Gamma Knife.

3. Radio surgery

4. Gamma knife

5. Chemotherapy

Advances in tumour surgery – which has made brain surgery safe

1. CUSA(Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspiration)

2. Neuronavigation(minimally invasive)

3. Awake craniotomy(to resect tumour accurately)

4. Interventional MRI(real time surgery)


5. Neuroendoscopy
6. Pre-operative embolisation(endovascular to minimise bleeding)

7. Sterotaxy

Rehabilitation –

Physiotherapy
Speech therapy

Occupation therapy

February 24,
Category: Brain By neuroadmin 2018 0 Comments

Tags: brain tumor treatment in Bangalore

Share this post

    

Related posts

Head Injury – Types of Head Injury and Treatment

December 10, 2017

Stroke – Risk factor, warning signs and latest treatments

December 10, 2017

Headache – Various types of headaches including increased intracranial pressure (ICP)

December 10, 2017

Worsening signs of brain tumor you should know

December 10, 2017


Clinical Services

Headache

Back Pain

Neck Pain

Stroke/Paralysis

Brain Tumour

Epilepsy/Seizures/Fits/Convulsions

Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Neurowellness – Medical Tourism

Blog – Categories

Brain (5)

Endovascular (1)

Spine (4)

Blog – Recent Articles


Neuroendovascular Surgery
March 3, 2018

Brain Tumours – Facts to know!!


February 24, 2018

Head Injury – Types of Head Injury and Treatment


December 10, 2017

Neuro Wellness provides comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services for the full range of neurological diseases and disorders.

Phone:
+91 - 73490 17701

Email:
ganeshneuros@gmail.com



Recent Blog Articles

Exercises to relieve neck pain – Will surgery make your neck pain better or worse?
December 10, 2017

Simple guide to sleeping – in a patient with lower back pain


December 10, 2017

What is your lower back pain infer!!!


December 10, 2017

Recent Tweets

CME - On Endovascular management of stroke in Hotel La Marvella, Jayanagar, Bengaluru . Organised by Sagar Hospita…
https://t.co/A1raGbdGw7
20 days ago

https://t.co/eaJW8k7Izt
36 days ago

Designed By webteamplus.in
© Copyright 2014 - 2017 - Neuro Wellness, All Rights Reserved.