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Operations Management

Business Plan:

Wheel Alignment -Balancing and


Accessories & Tyres Fitting

Submitted By:

Aman Chaudhary
Prashant Singh
Ankit jain
Akshay Vora
Acknowledgement

Apart from the efforts of us, the success of this project depends largely on the
encouragement and guidelines of many others. We would like to take this opportunity
to express our gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful
completion of this project.

The guidance and support received from all the members of automatic-wheel-alignment
especially Mr. Isaac Rosario and Mrs. Namrata Rosario who contributed to this project,
was vital for the understanding of the project. We are grateful for their constant support
and help.

We would like to show our greatest appreciation to Prof. Suhas Rane for giving us the
opportunity to enhance our knowledge about preparation of project plan.

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Table Of Contents

Topic Page No.

1. Chapter I – Company Information ……………………………………………

2. Chapter II – Product Details ……………………………………………………….


2.1 Introduction …………………………………………………………………………
2.2 Market Potential …………………………………………………………………..
2.3 Basis and Presumptions …………………………………………………………
2.4 Implementation Schedule ……………………………………………………..
2.5 Service Details ……………………………………………………………………….
3. Chapter III – Process Details ………………………………………………………
3.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………….
3.2 Working Process ……………………………………………………………………
4. Chapter IV – Project Plan ……………………………………………………………
4.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………….
4.2 Production and Sales …………………………………………………………….
5. Chapter V –

6. Chapter VI –

7.

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Chapter I

Company Information

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Company Information
Name: Tyres Trading Corporation

Board of directors:

Aman Chaudhary

Prashant Singh

Ankit Jain

Akshay Vohra

Service Portfolio:

Tyres

Wheel alignment/balancing

Alloy-Wheels

Factory/Workshop Location:

Karnal (Haryana)

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Chapter II

Product Details

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2.1 Introduction
It is very essential that all the Wheels of a Vehicle are completely balanced otherwise there will
be bubbling of wheel and this will affect the steering control. Similarly, if the wheel alignment
of a vehicle is out of order, the rubbing of tyres will be more and free movement of wheels also
gets affected. This result into rapid wear of tyre treads. To overcome these problems,
computerized Wheel Balancing and Wheel Alignment machines are used. These machines are
fully automatic, very accurate, quick and precise in their work.

2.2 Market Potential


There is a very good market potential for the computerized wheel balancing and wheel
alignment workshop. Now a day, these workshops are very common in urban areas, and
suitable for all passenger cars, light trucks and motorcycles (with special flange in case of wheel
balancing). With the decline in passenger car prices and availability of easy finance for
passenger and commercial vehicles, the demand for such computerized workshops is rapidly
increasing coinciding with increase in number of vehicles.

2.3 Basis and Presumptions


1. The rental value of the workshop has been taken at prevailing rates.

2. The cost of machinery and equipment indicated in the Profile refers to a particular make and
prices are approximate to those prevailing at the time of preparation of the Project Profile.

3. The provision made in respect of consumables, personnel, and overhead etc., has been made
at the prevailing rates and are approximate only.

4. The labor charges are based upon those prevailing in local market.
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2.4 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
The main activities in the implementation of the project have been listed and the average time for
implementation of the project is estimated at 4 - 4½ months as many activities can be taken up
simultaneously.

Sl.No. Activity Period

1. Preparation of project report 1 month

2. Registration and other formalities ½ month

3. Purchase of machinery and equipment’s, etc. 1 month

4. Installation and Electrification 2 weeks

5. Recruitment of Personnel 2 weeks

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2.5 Service Details
1. Alloy Wheel Fitting

Alloy Wheel Size Remarks


(By Apollo Tyres, Aura)

Alto, Corsa, Lancer,


13’x5.5’ Accent, Getz, Baleno,
Wagon R, Versa, Spark,
Estilo, A Star, Santro, i10,
Ritz
(By Apollo,Aura,Neo)

Indigo, Fiesta, Corsa 1.6,


Lancer 1.8, City, Swift,
Logan, Verna. Upsize: Ford
14 inch
Ikon, Indica, Spark, Corsa
1.4, Lancer (Old), Accent,
Getz, Santro, Baleno,
Wagon R, Versa, i10, Palio,
Sienna, Estilo.

(By Apollo Tyres, Aura)


15’x6.5’
Baleno, Swift, Dzire, i20,
Verna, Nexia, City, Logan

(By Apollo Tyres, Aura)


16’x7.5’
Safari, Scorpio, Bolero,
Sumo
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(By Apollo Tyres, Aura)
16’x7.5’
Safari, Scorpio, Bolero,
Sumo

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2. Tyres

a. MICHELIN TYRES

i. Sports

ii. Sedans

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iii. SUV

b. APOLLO TYRES

i. SUV

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ii. Passenger

iii. Heavy Commercial Vehicles

iv. Small Commercial vehicle


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v. Light commercial Vehicle

a. BRIDGESTONE TYRES

i. Sports

AUDI A4 1.8 TFSI/AUDI A4 2.0 TDI/DAEWOO Cielo New/


DAEWOO Cielo Old/DAEWOO Matiz/DAEWOO Nexia
FIAT New Siena 1.2/FIAT New Siena 1.6/FIAT Palio 1.2
FIAT Palio 1.6/FIAT Palio 1.9 D EL/FIAT Palio 1.9 D ELX/FIAT
Palio EL/FIAT Palio ELX/FIAT Palio GTX/FIAT Palio S10/FIAT
Palio Weekend/FIAT Petra 1.6 Petrol/FIAT Petra El/FIAT Petra
Elx/FIAT Siena Model Up To 2002/FIAT Siena Weekend
FORD Escort/FORD FIESTA 1.4 Exi/FORD FIESTA 1.4 Exi (TDCi)
FORD FIESTA 1.4 Exi Durasport/FORD FIESTA 1.4 Sxi (TDCi)
FORD FIESTA 1.4 Zxi (TDCi)/FORD FIESTA 1.6 Sxi/FORD FIESTA
1.6 Sxi Durasport/FORD FIESTA 1.6 Zxi/FORD FUSION
DieselFORD FUSION Petrol/FORD Ikon Flair/FORD Ikon Glx
FORD Ikon Nxt/FORD IKON NXT/SXI/FORD Ikon Sxi/FORD Ikon Zxi/FORD Mondeo/GM Astra
Advantage 1.6 Gli/GM Astra Advantage Diesel 1.7 TD/GM Astra Club/GM Aveo 1.4/GM Aveo 1.4
LS/GM Aveo 1.6 LT/GM Aveo 1.6 LT OPT/GM Corsa Gls 1.6/GM Corsa Gsi/GM Corsa Royale 1.6
GM Corsa Sail 1.4 & 1.6/GM Corsa Swing 1.6/GM Optra 1.6/GM Optra 1.8/GM Optra Magnum
2.0 Ls TCDi/GM Optra Magnum 2.0 LT TCDi/GM Optra Magnum 2.0 Max TCDi/GM Spark 1.0/GM
Spark 1.0 E/GM Spark 1.0 LS/GM Spark 1.0 LT/GM Spark 1.0 LT OPT/GM SRV 1.6/GM SRV 1.6
OPT/GM U-VA 1.2/GM U-VA 1.2 LS/GM U-VA 1.2 LT/GM U-VA 1.2 OPT/HM Ambassador Classic
1.8 Petrol/HM Ambassador Classic 2.0 Diesel/HM Ambassador Grand 1.8 Petrol/HM
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Ambassador Grand 2.0 Diesel/HM CEDIA Select/HM CEDIA Spirit/HM CEDIA Sport/HM LANCER
1.5 LXi/HM LANCER 2.5 LXd/HM Lancer SFX/HONDA Accord 01/HONDA Accord 03/HONDA
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Accord 6/HONDA City Old/ HONDA City V-Tec/HONDA Civic AT/HONDA Civic MT/HONDA Civic
VAT/HONDA Civic VMT/HONDA New City Exi/HONDA New City Gxi/HONDA New City Gxi
CVT/HONDA New City ZX Exi/HONDA New City ZX Gxi/HONDA New City ZX Gxi CVT/HONDA New
City ZX V-Tec/HYUNDAI Accent Glx/HYUNDAI Accent Gtx/HYUNDAI Accent Old/HYUNDAI Accent
VIVA CRDi/HYUNDAI Elantra Crdi /HYUNDAI Elantra Gls/HYUNDAI Elantra Gt/HYUNDAI Getz
Gl/HYUNDAI Getz Gls/HYUNDAI Getz Gls W/Abs/HYUNDAI i10 D-Lite/HYUNDAI i10
ERA/HYUNDAI i10 Magna/ HYUNDAI i10 Magna-O/HYUNDAI Santro AT/HYUNDAI Santro
AT(M)/HYUNDAI Santro X/ HYUNDAI Santro X(M)/HYUNDAI Santro XK/HYUNDAI Santro
XK(M)/HYUNDAI Santro XL / HYUNDAI Santro XL(M)/ HYUNDAI Santro XO/HYUNDAI Santro
XO(M)/HYUNDAI Sonata 2.0 Ltr/HYUNDAI Sonata 2.7 Ltr V6/HYUNDAI Verna 1.5 CRDI/ HYUNDAI
Verna 1.5 CRDI ABS/ HYUNDAI Verna 1.5 CRDI CX/HYUNDAI Verna 1.5 CRDI CX ABS/HYUNDAI
Verna 1.6 i/ HYUNDAI Verna 1.6 Xi/HYUNDAI Verna 1.6 Xxi/HYUNDAI Verna 1.6 XXi ABS/M&M
LOGAN/MARUTI SUZUKI 800 / MARUTI SUZUKI Alto/MARUTI SUZUKI Baleno Lx/MARUTI SUZUKI
Baleno Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Baleno Vx/MARUTI SUZUKI Baleno Vxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem
Ax/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem D/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem Di/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem Lx/MARUTI
SUZUKI Esteem Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem Vx/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem Vxi/MARUTI SUZUKI
Swift Dzire Ldi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Dzire Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Dzire Vdi/MARUTI SUZUKI
Swift Dzire Vxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Dzire Zdi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Dzire Zxi/MARUTI SUZUKI
Swift Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Vxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Zxi/MARUTI SUZUKI SX4 Vxi/ MARUTI
SUZUKI SX4 Zxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Wagon R Lx/MARUTI SUZUKI Wagon R Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI
Wagon R Pride/MARUTI SUZUKI Wagon R Primea/MARUTI SUZUKI Wagon R Vxi/MARUTI SUZUKI
Zen 2 Door/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen Estilo Lx/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen Estilo Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen
Estilo Vxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen LX After Year 2000/ MARUTI SUZUKI Zen LX Upto Year/
2000/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen LXi After Year 2000/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen LXi Upto Year 2000
MARUTI SUZUKI Zen VXi After Year 2000/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen VXi Upto Year 2000/MERCEDES
BENZ C - Class C200K/ MERCEDES BENZ C - Class C220 CDI/MERCEDES BENZ E - Class 200K
Classic/MERCEDES BENZ E - Class 200K Elegance/ MERCEDES BENZ E - Class 280/MERCEDES
BENZ E - Class 280 CDI/NISSAN Teana 230JM/PREMIER Padmini All Models/ SKODA Fabia 1.4
TDI/SKODA Laura AT/SKODA Laura Elegance MT/SKODA Laura MT/SKODA Octavia 1.8 TPI RIDER/
SKODA Octavia 1.9 TDI Elegance/SKODA Octavia 1.9 TDI Elegancer AT/SKODA Octavia 1.9 TDI
L&K/SKODA Octavia 1.9 TDI L&K Combi/SKODA Octavia 1.9 TDI RIDER CLASSIC/SKODA Octavia
RS/SKODA Superb 2.5 V6 DSL/SKODA Superb 2.8 V6 Petrol/TATA Estate/TATA Indica Dlg
Turbo/TATA Indica Dls Turbo/TATA Indica Dlx Turbo/TATA Indica Old/TATA Indica V2
TATA Indica V2 Dl/TATA Indica V2 Dle/TATA Indica V2 Dls/TATA Indigo Dicor/TATA Indigo
GV/TATA Indigo GVE/TATA Indigo GVS/TATA Indigo Marina/TATA Indigo VETDI/ TATA Indigo
VSTDI/TATA Indigo VTDI/TATA Indigo XL/TOYOTA Camry Old/TOYOTA Corolla New After
Aug05/TOYOTA Corolla Old/
165/60R1271H-165/60R1373H-175/60R1377H
175/65R1482H-185/60R1380H-185/60R1482H
185/65R1486H-185/70R1386H-185/70R1488H
195/55R1585V-195/60R1384H-195/60R1486H
Sizes 195/60R1588H-195/60R1588V-195/65R1486H
195/65R1489H-195/65R1591H-205/50R1585V
205/50R1586V-205/55R1689V-205/55R1691V
205/60R1387H-205/60R1489H-205/60R1591H
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205/60R1692H-205/65R1594V-215/55R1590V
215/55R1691V-225/60R1698H
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ii. General

Suitable for Models:


DAEWOO Cielo New/DAEWOO Cielo Old/FIAT New Siena
1.2/FIAT Palio 1.2/FIAT Palio 1.9 D EL/FIAT Palio 1.9 D
ELX/FIAT Palio EL/FIAT Palio ELX/FIAT UNO All Models/FORD
Escort/FORD Ikon Glx/GM Astra /Advantage 1.6 Gli/GM Astra
Advantage Diesel 1.7 TD/GM U-VA 1.2/GM U-VA 1.2 LS/HM
LANCER 1.5 LXi/HM LANCER 2.5 LXd/HYUNDAI Accent
Old/HYUNDAI Getz Gl/HYUNDAI i10 D-Lite/HYUNDAI i10
ERA/HYUNDAI i10 Magna/HYUNDAI i10 Magna-O/MARUTI
SUZUKI Alto/MARUTI SUZUKI Baleno Lx/MARUTI SUZUKI
Baleno Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Baleno Vx/MARUTI SUZUKI
Esteem Ax/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem D/MARUTI SUZUKI
Esteem Di/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem Lx/MARUTI SUZUKI
Esteem Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Esteem Vx/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift
Dzire Ldi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Dzire Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI
Swift Dzire Vdi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Dzire Vxi / MARUTI
SUZUKI Swift Lxi/MARUTI SUZUKI Swift Vxi/ MARUTI SUZUKI
Zen LX After Year 2000/ MARUTI SUZUKI Zen LXi After Year
2000/MARUTI SUZUKI Zen VXi After Year 2000/PREMIER
Padmini All Models
Sizes 145/80R1274S-145/80R1375S-155/80R1379S
155/80R1481S-165/80R1383S-165/80R1485S
165/80R1485T-175/80R1386S

iii. SUV

Suitable for Models:


HM PAJERO 2.8 GLX /HYUNDAI Terracan Old/HYUNDAI
Tuscon/M&M Armada All Models/M&M Bolero All
Models/M&M Bolero Camper/M&M Marshal All
Models/M&M Maxx All Models/M&M Scorpio MDI/M&M
Scorpio Models Produced Till Oct 2005/M&M Scorpio
Produced From Oct 2005 Onwards/MARUTI SUZUKI Grand
Vitara New/NISSAN X-Trail Comfort/NISSAN X-Trail
Elegance/TATA Safari Ex Dicor 2.2 4X2/TATA Safari Ex Dicor
2.2 4X4/TATA Safari Exi 4X2/TATA Safari Exi 4X4/TATA Safari
Lx Dicor 2.2 4X2/TATA Safari Vx Dicor 2.2 4X2/TATA Safari Vx
Dicor 2.2 4X4/TATA Safari Vxi 4X2/TATA Safari Vxi 4X4/TATA
Siera/TATA Sumo
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Sizes 145/80R1274S-145/80R1375S-155/80R1379S
155/80R1481S-165/80R1383S-165/80R1485S
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165/80R1485T-175/80R1386S
Chapter III

Process Details

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3.1 Introduction
We will deal with the sale of new tyres by different companies such as Bridgestone, Apollo,
Michelin, etc. Once a person comes and buys it we will provide him with free nitrogen fill-up in
that tyre if he wants in others than per tyre would be charged.

Nitrogen filler by Parker US Company Machine name Tyre saver and an automatic tyre changer
which does not affect the rim while changing and cleaning up of tyres as done manually by
tools.

Then comes wheel balancing, even a new tyre needs to be balanced by the use of small weighs.
They would be of free of charge at the time of purchase. Then whenever tyres are replaced
normally the alignments need to be made which would be charged per visit. And this will not
only target new customers but also every person who gets his car aligned. The alignment
machine has an advantage of being a new technology in town and with more of accuracy.
(Visualiner by John Beam).

We would also come up with various AMC Annual maintenance charges which would include
nitrogen fill-ups, balancing and alignments. This will not only increase profitability but also
customer’s retention and could help in building faith in customer.

It is very essential that all the wheels of a vehicle completely balanced and aligned with each
other as far as possible. If these are not properly balanced, the dynamic forces are set in
motion. These forces increase the load on bearings, stress on various members of vehicle,
unpleasant and dangerous vibrations in members of vehicle.

Besides, when the wheels of a vehicle are not properly aligned, the free movement of
wheels gets obstructed and tyres start bubbling, which results into lesser life for tyres. These
machines display fault on screen automatically and are equipped with automatic self-check,
users’ friendly calibration and protection in wheel clamping.

The symptoms of a car that is out of alignment are:


 Uneven or rapid tire wear

 Pulling or drifting away from a straight line

 Wandering on a straight level road

 Spokes of the steering wheel off to one side while driving on a straight and level road.
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The symptoms of a wheel that is out of balance are:

 Vibration in the steering wheel at certain highway speeds.


 Vibration in the seat or floorboard at certain highway speeds.
 Scalloped or cupped wear pattern on the tires

Wheel Alignment:
To find out if there is need of wheel alignment, first each tire is checked and uneven wear
patterns are observed. The problem with this method, however, is that if we can see a wear
pattern like the ones listed below, it may be too late to save that tire. This is why it is a good
idea to have wheel alignment checked periodically.

 If the tread is deeper on the edges than in the center, the tire is over inflated.
 If the tread is deeper in the center than the edges, the tire is under inflated.
 If the tread is deeper on one side than the other, the wheel alignment must be checked
soon.
 We Run hand back and forth across the tread, being careful not to cut hand on any
debris or exposed steel belt wire. If the tread is smooth in one direction, but jagged in
the other we have what is called a "saw-tooth" wear pattern which is caused by a toe-in
problem. Have the alignment checked as soon as possible as this condition causes rapid
tire wear.

Machineries Required
I. Wheel Aligner
II. Tyre Changer
III. Wheel Balancer
IV. Pneumatic Gun
V. Hydraulic Lift
VI. Nitrogen Filling Machine
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3.2 Working Process
1. Wheel balancing
The machine is fully automatic. The wheel is to be loaded on turn table for balancing and sensor
holders are attached to it. All front and rear wheel values for the measured value printout are
calculated in a single wheel alignment run. Cordless remote control is provided with machine to
enable the operator to operate the machine from the steering wheel. In these machines,
normally there is a castor like adjustment and simultaneous display of castor, camber and toe
readings on computer screen. The alignment data’s are displayed in figures and also in graphic
form on screen.

Wheel Balancer

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During the mounting process, proper lubrication is a must. Both top and bottom beads must be
lubricated with an approved tire lubricant. If the beads do not seat at 40 psi, the installer must
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break the entire assembly down and re-lubricate the bead areas.
2. Wheel aligning
Granted, a state-of-the-art computerized wheel alignment system will walk a technician
through the steps, perform all necessary calculations and instruct the technician to adjust
angles in order to meet an OE specification for a specific production vehicle. However, it's also
important to understand wheel angles and what these angles represent in terms of drivability,
braking, tire wear and handling.

A number of dimensional angles are involved in wheel alignment theory, but only three are
considered adjustable. These are wheel toe, camber and caster.

Wheel Toe
Wheel toe describes the relationship of the right and left wheels on the same axle, as viewed
from overhead. It’s measured by comparing the distance between the centers of the front of
the tires to a distance between the centers of the rear of the tires on the same axle.

Toe-out (negative toe) is present when the wheels are farther apart in front of the axle
centerline and closer together behind it. Toe-in (positive toe) is when the two wheels on the
same axle are closer together at the front and wider apart at the rear. When the measured
distance between the fronts of the wheels (ahead of the steering axle centerline) is identical to
the distance between the wheels behind the axle centerline, the condition is called zero toe.

All front suspensions, regardless of design, feature toe angle adjustment, at a location on the
steering tie rods or tie rod ends. Live rear axles feature no toe angle adjustment, but
independent rear suspensions usually do offer the feature.

The toe angle affects the directional control of a vehicle; turning response and tire tread life.
Toe-related tread wear will cause a feathering wear pattern across the tread. With too much
toe-in, the feathering will angle inward, toward the center of the vehicle; too much toe-out
causes feathering that angle outward.

Because of the compliance in control arm bushings and other dynamic variances in suspension
and steering systems, the goal is to establish a static toe angle that will result in a zero toe
condition when the vehicle is driven in a straight line.

Speaking in general terms, a rear-drive vehicle would likely require a front wheel toe-in
(positive) setting, and a front-drive vehicle would likely require a slight toe-out (negative)
setting. This is because commonly, as a rear-drive vehicle moves forward, the front wheels tend
to try to push outward (to crawl away from each other); and a front-drive vehicles front wheels
tend to try to crawl inward.
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Camber

As viewed from the front or rear of the vehicle, camber refers to the "lean" of the wheel from
top to bottom. A wheel that leans outward at the top (compared to true vertical) has positive
camber. One that leans inward at the top has negative camber. If the wheel is oriented in a true
vertical, it's called zero camber.

Camber must always be adjusted to maximize the tread contact patch based on the
driving requirements. In most cases, OE specifications will recommend a slightly positive or zero
camber to maximize tire wear and traction, and to provide easier steering and greater
resistance to directional darting in a straight line.

If the wheel features a static negative camber angle (vehicle sitting idle), this places
more tread load at the road surface on the inner shoulder and tread area. Negative camber is
regularly employed on performance vehicles (especially race cars on road courses) in order to
increase the tire contact patch during hard turns. Since lateral loading (when a car goes into a
hard turn) will try to push the top of the inside tire outward, an adequate negative camber
angle may be dialed in to compensate for this. So, while the front wheels may display negative
camber as the vehicle rolls light, when it goes into a hard turn, ie wheel facing the direction of
the turn will try to "straighten up," achieving maximum tread contact with the road. If camber
isn't sufficiently negative, this tire would lean too far, causing the inside of the tread to lift and
placing excess stress and load only on the outside of the tread and outer shoulder.

The measuring process in these machines is normally automatic. After the wheel data is
entered by potential meters and the machine started, the measuring run is made automatically
until the wheel comes to a stand-still at the point to be balanced. The degree of precision for
measurements is determined fine, medium or average. The data of rim width, rim diameter,
distance can be stored in the machine along with the method of compensation (weight). The
computer automatically runs the standard program for the two side balancing using hammer on
weights. Special programs for other type of balancing are also possible in the machine. The size
of the weight required and the attachment point are calculated exactly and stored by the
computer.
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Wheel Aligner

3. Tyre Fitting/Changing
The manual swing arm design uses one control to adjust horizontal tool head position and a
second control to adjust vertical height. The 1.5 HP air drive system allows fast and powerful
control of the wheel under heavy loads while still allowing the user infinite control of wheel
movement. The bead loosener features three support blocks for greater control of wheel.
Precise internal or external clamping ensures proper placement of wheel on tabletop.

Tyre changer

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4. Nitrogen Filling

We can use nitrogen, not just air, to fill tyres with the new Nitrogen Tyre Inflation System. A
revolutionary technology in tyre inflation. We can gain a competitive edge by enhanced tyre
pressure retention. Bringing tyre inflation and, in turn, travel to a new level. Creating a new
source of revenue for your business while improving tyre performance, road safety and cost
savings for your customers.

Better air pressure retention. The single biggest reason for tyre failure is poorly maintained
tyre pressure. In fact, 54 percent of all vehicles on the road have low tyre pressure. Oxygen in
compressed air can permeate the tyre wall reducing tyre pressure. With nitrogen, diffusion is
30 to 40 percent slower than oxygen. As a result, nitrogen maintains tyre pressure longer than
air.

Enhanced fuel economy. Maintaining tyre pressure can boost fuel economy by up to 6 percent.
This is due to two factors, reduced rolling resistance from proper tyre pressure and reduced
heat in the tyres. Nitrogen disperses heat more quickly than ambient air, thus minimizing heat
build-up in tyres and enhancing fuel efficiencies.

Longer tread life. With quicker heat dispersion, you get a cooler running tyre which helps
extend tread life and reduce tyre failure. Nitrogen also prevents oxidation which can not only
lead to tread separation and belt failure but, when combined with moisture, corrode rims. In
fact, moisture can result in rust flakes that can fall into the valve stem, block the valve and
cause under-pressurization. It can even cause the valve stem itself to rust.

Slow chemical aging. Filling a tyre with nitrogen also significantly slows the chemical aging
process of the tyres rubber components. This leads to fewer catastrophic failures like blowouts.
Slower aging lengthens tyre core life, which yields extra retreads and lower fleet costs.

Nitrogen Filling Process

1. The valve stem cap is unscrewed. (Some tires have two valves: one for air and one for
nitrogen.)
2. The tire pressure gauge is hold over the open valve to test the current pressure. The
tire gauge is removed after a few seconds and look at the reading.
3. The air compressor is powered on and the valve is checked to be sure it will fit.
4. The mouth of the nitrogen air compressor is fitted over the open tire valve and is
pressed down carefully to force nitrogen into the tire. Keep holding the compressor
on the valve for 15 seconds.
5. The tire gauge is placed on the valve to see if the tire is now filled to capacity. If not, c
nitrogen is added in 15-second intervals. If the tire is satisfactorily filled, the valve cap
23

is replaced and the air compressor is turned off.


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Nitrogen Filler

Car Lift

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Air Compressor

Tyre Racks

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Approximate Cost:

Equipment Cost
I. Wheel Aligner
II. Tyre Changer
III. Wheel Balancer

IV. Pneumatic Gun


V. Air Compressor
VI. Toolkit
VII. Tyre Racks
VIII. Nitrogen Filling Machine
IX. Hydrolic Lift

X. Computers
XI. Furniture’s and Fixtures

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Chapter IV

Project Plan

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4.1 Introduction
Our project plan basically works on the basis of year on year increase in sales and thus profit.

Year I

All the machinery, wheel alignment machine, wheel balancing machine, nitrogen filler machine, air
compressor, tyre changer, pneumatic gun and lift post, will be put into place at the start up itself
because all these are interrelated. Wheel balancing and wheel alignment machine go hand in hand so
they have to be implemented together. We are planning to provide free nitrogen filling to people who
come for wheel alignment and balancing as an incentive and also for creating awareness in people about
the benefit of nitrogen filling in tyres instead of normal air and thus inturn also promoting it. Wheel
alignment and balancing are a major source of our profits because after the initial investments, there is
not much variable cost associated with it.

Tyres and alloys will also be provided first up because we expect to draw people coming for wheel
alignment and balancing towards the tyres and alloys we have and their better efficiency and aesthetic
values. Since we are planning to build our shop near the distributors of the tyres and alloys (available
locally) so we are planning to keep inventory at the economic order quantity level. The inventory will be
just sufficient to fulfill a short term demand and any further requirements will be fulfilled by taking the
material from the distributors.

Our target market in case of tyres would be people looking for replacement of the original ones, as
according to our observation, most of the people will not go to buy the tyres from the company
showrooms the second time due to the cost factor and most of them will not initially come to change
the tyres provided with the new cars.

We would require following machineries in this phase:

 Wheel Alignment machine ( John beam Visualiner model)


 Wheel balancer (john beam Hoffman )
 Tyre changer (john beam)
 Parker US Nitrogen Fillers.

Year II

Now, since we are established customer would come to know about our service quality. We will have
certain customers that will come only to us. We would be able to develop a strong business to customer
relationship which would attract even more customers. Since we have developed loyal customers, they
will get us more service seekers and as mentioned above a strong B2C relationship would also favour
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our increase in sales and thus profits. Although still not having achieved the breakeven point we would
be moving closer to achieving it.
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4.2 Production and Sales
Year I
Wheel alignment and balancing

No. of vehicles served per day: 7

No. of vehicles served in one year: No. of vehicles served per day * No. of working days in a week * 52
weeks

= 7*6*52 = 2,184

Service Charges: 400 per vehicle

Total Service Charge: Service Charges per vehicle * No. of vehicles served in one year

=400* 2,184 = 8,73,600

Nitrogen Filling

Wheel alignment and balancing

No. of vehicles served per day: 3

No. of vehicles served in one year: No. of vehicles served per day * No. of working days in a week * 52
weeks

=3*6*52 = 936

Service Charges: 50 per vehicle

Total Service Charge: Service Charges per vehicle * No. of vehicles served in one year

=50* 936 =46,800

Tyres

Maruti 800

No. of tyres sold per day: 4


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No. of tyres sold in one year: No. of tyres sold per day * No. of working days in a week * 52 week
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=4*6*52 = 1248
Tyre Price: 1400 per tyre

Total sales through tyres: Price per tyre * No. of tyres sold in one year

= 1400* 1248 = 17,47,200

Hatch Backs

No. of tyres sold per day: 2

No. of tyres sold in one year: No. of tyres sold per day * No. of working days in a week * 52 week

=2*6*52 = 624

Tyre Price: 3000 per tyre

Total sales through tyres: Price per tyre * No. of tyres sold in one year

= 3000* 624 = 18,72,000

Sedans

No. of tyres sold per day: 1

No. of tyres sold in one year: No. of tyres sold per day * No. of working days in a week * 52 week

=1*6*52 = 312

Tyre Price: 6000 per tyre

Total sales through tyres: Price per tyre * No. of tyres sold in one year

= 6000* 312 = 18,72,000

Trucks

No. of tyres sold per day: 1

No. of tyres sold in one year: No. of tyres sold per day * No. of working days in a week * 52 week

=1*6*52 = 312

Tyre Price: 17000 per tyre

Total sales through tyres: Price per tyre * No. of tyres sold in one year
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= 17000* 312 = 53,04,000


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Alloys

12”: Alto/ Maruti 800/ Van/ New Zen

No. of alloy sets sold in one year:

1 alloy set sold in 5 days, thus, 62 in one year

Alloy Price: 10000 per set

Total sales through alloy sets: Price per alloy set * No. of alloy sets sold in one year

= 10000* 62 = 62,000

13”: Zen/ Santro/ Ikon/ Accent

No. of alloy sets sold in one year:

1 alloy set sold in 2 days, thus, 156 in one year

Alloy Price: 10500 per set

Total sales through alloy sets: Price per alloy set * No. of alloy sets sold in one year

= 10500* 156 = 16,38,000

14”: Honda City/ Ford Fiesta/ Qualis

No. of alloy sets sold in one year:

1 alloy set sold in 1 day, thus, 312 in one year

Alloy Price: 13000 per set

Total sales through alloy sets: Price per alloy set * No. of alloy sets sold in one year

= 13000* 312 = 40,56,000

15” and 16”: Honda City/ Ford Fiesta/ Qualis

No. of alloy sets sold in one year:

1 alloy set sold in 2 weeks, thus, 23 in one year

Alloy Price: 22000 per set

Total sales through alloy sets: Price per alloy set * No. of alloy sets sold in one year
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= 22000* 23 = 5,06,000
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