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----------------------------------

the difference between SAN and NAS


----------------------------------
the basic difference between SAN and NAS, SAN is Fabirc based and NAS us ethernet
based .
SAN is block based storage and NAS is file based storage .

----------------------------------------------
defind RAID? which one you feel is good choice
-----------------------------------------------
RAID is Redundant array of independent disk . It is a technoogy that groups
serveral physical drives
in a computer into an array that you can define as one or more logical drive. Each
logical drive
appears to the operating system as single drive. This grouping enhances the
performance of the logical
drive beyond the physical capacility of the drives.

RAID5 is the best choice to achive better redendacy and speed and it is cost
effective.

-----------------------------------------
which one is the default ID for SCSI HBA?
-----------------------------------------

Generally the default ID for SCSI HBA us 7

------------------------------
what are the advantages of SAN
------------------------------

It is Massibely extended scalability, Greatly enhanced device connectivity, Storage


consilidation, LAN-free backup,
serverless(active-fabric) backup, Heterogeneous data sharing, Disaster recovery
-Remote Mirrorining etc.

----------------------------------------------------
what is the type of encoding used in fiber channel?
----------------------------------------------------
8b/10b, as the encoding techniaque is able to detect all most all the bit errors.

---------------------------------------------------------
what are the services provided by Fabric to all the nodes
---------------------------------------------------------
Fabric login, SNS,Fabric Address Notification, Registered state change notification
, Broadcast serves

----------------------------------------------
what are the layers of Fibre Channel Protocol?
---------------------------------------------

FC Physical Media
FC encoder and Decoder
FC framing and flow control
FC common services
FC Upper level protocal Mapping
----------------------------------------
How does FC switch maintain the addresses?
----------------------------------------

FC Switch uses siple name server to maintain the mappping table.

--------------------------------------------------------
what is the smallest unit of information transfer in FC?
--------------------------------------------------------

it is FRAME

---------------------------------------------
what are the key activities in SAN Management
---------------------------------------------
Monitoring,Configuring,Controlling, Troubleshooring and Diagnosing.

----------------------------------------
what is the difference between HBA ad NIC
----------------------------------------

BHA : host bus adapters are used in storage based traffic


NIC : network interface Cards are used in IP based LAN traffic

-------------------------------------------
Explain different classes of service in FC?
-------------------------------------------

Class 1 : dedicated connection between two communicators with acknowledment of


frame delivery
Class 2 : is connection less but provides acknowledgement
Class 3 : is connection less and provides no notification of delivery
Class 4 : allows fractional bandwidth for virtual circuits
Class 5 : Provides multicast with acknowledment
Class F : is used for switch to switch comminucation in the fabric.

--------------------------------------------
what are the benefits of fibre channel sans?
--------------------------------------------
exceptional reliability, scalability, consolidation, and performance

---------------------------------------------
descivbe in brief the compostion of FC frame?
---------------------------------------------

start of the Frame locator


Frame Header ( includes destination id and source id, 24 bytes/6 words)
data payload ( encapsulated SCSI instruction can be 0-2112 byts in length)
CRS( error checking ,4 byts)
End of Frame ( 1 byte)

----------------------------------------------
what are the layers of Fibre challel protocol?
----------------------------------------------
FC physical Media
FC encoder and Decoder
FC framing and flow control
FC common services
FC upper level protocol mapping

------------------------
what is vertualization?
-----------------------
A technique of hiding the physical characterstics of computer resources from the
way in which
other system aplication or end user interact with these resouces.
Aggregation, spanning or conatenation of combined multiple resources into larger
resource pools.

---------------------
what is hot-swapping
---------------------
devices are allowed to be removed and inserted into a system without terning off
the system

--------------------
what is hot-sparing?
--------------------
A spare devie is available to be inserved into the subststem operation without
having to remove and replace a device

------------
What is HA?
-----------

HA : high availability is a technology to achieve failover with very less latency.

-------------------------------------------------
What to do you know about Fibre Channel Addresing
-------------------------------------------------
Each node has a unique node_name ( 64 bit WWWN) assigned by the manufacturer.
As in LAN MAC address, WWN notused for transportation of frames across the network.
Eash node has one or more ports called N-Port (NL_port)
Each N-Port has a 64-bit Port Name and a 24-bit port Adress or N_Port_ID
The 24-bit address is assigned dynamically and optimizes frame routing.

-------------------------------------------------------
can you briefly explain about the fibre channel ports?
-------------------------------------------------------
E_POrt : Expansion Port
F_Port : Fabric Port
FL_Port : Fabric Loop Port
G_Port : Generic Port -Can operate as E,F, or FL Device Ports
N_Port : Directo Fabric Attahced Device Node port
NL_Port : Loop Attached Device

----------
what SNIA
----------
NSIC National Storage Industry Consortium
@ consist of fifty universities and national lab with common interest in the
field of digital information storage
SNIA Storage Networking Industry Association
@ computer system industry forum of developers, inttegrators and IT
professionals who evolve and promote storage
networking technology and solutions
----------------------------------------------
what is difference between Hubs and Switches ?
----------------------------------------------
HUB
Devices that are connected to a hub share the same bandwidth.
Maximum of 126 devives.
Lower costs than switches and used in smaller SANs

SWITCH
Bandwidth per device stays constant with creased connectivity.
very large connections(theoratically upto 16 million) are possible.
Expensive and scalable to large SANs.

----------------------------------
what are the reponsibiites of HBA
---------------------------------
Framing packets
Provide Physical addressing
Link Level checking
Manage flow control.

----------------------------
What are the features of NAS
-----------------------------
NAS appliances are specialized file servers designed for attachment to the LAN
File oriented data access.
Any user running any operating system can address the storage device by a common
access protocal , eg.NFS
Backup to tape can also be perfomed acrorss the LAN, enabling sharing of expensive
resources between multiple servers.
NAS solution is best suited to handle cross platform direct access applition

------------------------------------------
what is the File I/O and what is Block I/O
------------------------------------------
--------
File I/O
--------
Higher-level type of request which specifies the files to be accessed. an
offser into the file, and the number of bytes to read or write beginning at that
offset.
File I/O request does contain information about disk volumes or disk sectors.
CIFS and NFS are specialized file-level I/O protocols for file access and file
sharing
File I/O will work for NAS device as it tranfers the file request over LAN.
----------
Blcock I/O
----------
used by DAS and SANs.
SCSI oftn called block I/O becuase SCSI commands specify block locations on a
specific disk.
Block I/O has less overhead as compared to File I/O
Block I/O allows connectivity to data disk without going through the file
ststem. This enhances performance.
Block I/O will work for applications like database becuase they do their own
buffering on data and yield better performance

-----------------------------------
what are advantages of the zoning ?
-----------------------------------
Segregate devices based on ioperating systems
control access to multiple devices.
Enhance network security.
Concurrent testing and maintenance.

-------------------------
what FCIP,IFCP and iSCSI?
-------------------------
FCIP : a TCP/IP-based tunnelling protocol for connecting geographically distributed
Fibre Channel SANs tranparently to both FC and IP.

IFCP : a TCP/IP based protocal for interconnecting Fibre Channel storage devices of
Fibre Channel SANs using an IP infrastructure to complement
or replace Fibre Channel switching and routing elements.

iSCSI : a TEP/IP-based protocal for establishing and managing connection between


IP-based storage devices. hosts and clients.

------------------------------------------
what are the advantageous of Fibre Channel
------------------------------------------
High performance and speed.
Low latency,
Long Distance
Robust data integrity
Large connectivity

-----------------------
Can you define Fabric ?
-----------------------

It is a well-designed NETWORK of highly intelligent Fibre Channel switches wihcih


provides
enterprise-class scalability, performance,manageability and availability.

------------------------------------------
What are components of Fibre Channel SAN ?
------------------------------------------
HBS in SDrtbrt,
Fibre Channel cables,
GBIC/SFP,
FC switch/Hub
Storage subststem.

------------------------------------
Can you explain about frame format ?
------------------------------------
FC frame contains Routing Control bits,
Destination_ID,
Class Specific Control Field,
Dource_Id,
Type
Frame Control
Sequence ID
Data Field Control
Sequence Count
Originator_ID
Responder_ID
Data Field/Payload

------------------------------------------------------------
What are different Layers of Fibre Channel and explain each?
------------------------------------------------------------

FC-0 : deals with Physical Media,


FC-1 : deals with Encode/decode, Link Control and Order sets.
FC-2 : deals with Framming procol like Exchange and sequence Management, Frame
Structure
class of service and flow control like buffer to buffer and end to end
service
FC-3 : deals with common services like striping and hunt groups
FC-4 : deals with Upper Level Protocol Mapping, protocols like SCSI,IP,WAN
tunneling,FICON, etc..

##############
SRDF Questions
##############

----------------------------
what is business continuity
----------------------------
Business cojtinuity is the preparation for , response to and
recovery from an application outage that adversely affects business operations.

----------------------------------------------------------------
what are the Business Continuity tools available for symmetrix ?
----------------------------------------------------------------
powerpath at Host end
TimeFinder/Mirror, Clone snapshort for local replications
SRDF for remote replication

----------------------------------------
Business continuity addresses what ?
----------------------------------------
Business Continuity soltions address systems unavailability,
degraded applicaton performance ,
or unacceptable recovery strategies

----------------------------------------
what is RPO and RTO
----------------------------------------
RPO refers to the maximum amount of data loss an applicaition can
tolerage as measured in time. In other workds, the amount of data loss
that can be tolerated ( cost f transaction versus risk).

RTO refers to the maximum time a company budgets to bring an applicaton back online
in the event of a disaster. In other worlds the time it takes to recover the data
once a disaster
or other recovery every is declared ( risk versus cost).

------------------------------------------------
What are the different typoes of Device Groups ?
------------------------------------------------
Regular, RDF1,RDF2 and composite group

-----------------------------------------------------------
Briefly explain aobut Regular, RDF1 and RDF 2 device groups
-----------------------------------------------------------
Regular Device grooups are normally used for TimeFinder operations.
RDF1 and RDR2 device groups are normailly sued for SRDF operations.

-------------------------
what is composite group ?
--------------------------
A composite group is a user-defined group of device members that can span multiple
smmetrix arrays and SRDF groups.
The CG type may be defined as REGULAR,RDF1,RDF2 OR RDF21 and may contain various
device lista for standard, BCV,
virtual (VDEV),RBCV,BRBCV,second hop standard and second hop BCV.

--------------------------------------------------
what is the difference between TimeFinder and SRDF
--------------------------------------------------
Tiem Finder is for local replication operations and SRDF is for remote replication
Operations

---------------------------------------------------------------------
what are the different types of Remote Link Directors used for SRDF ?
---------------------------------------------------------------------
RF (Fibre Channel Directors)
RA(ESCON directors )
MPCD(multiprotocal Channel Directors )
Available with these channel connections
FICON
iSCSI for host
GigE (RE) for SRDF

--------------------------------------------------------
how many dynamic RDF groups can be created in an array ?
--------------------------------------------------------
Symmetrix DMX supports upto 64 total RDF groups

--------------------------------------------------------------
what are the different types of link configurations for SRDF ?
---------------------------------------------------------------

UNIDIRECTIONAL : If all primary (source or R1) volumes reside in one Array and
all Secondary (target or R2) volumes reside in another
array, write operations move in one direction , from Primary to
secondary, datga move in the same direction over every
link in the SRDF group.

BI-DIRECTIONAL : If an SRDF group contains both primary and secondary volumes,


write operations move data in both direction over the SRDF lilnks for that group.

DUAL-DIRECTIONAL : With a dual-directional configuration, multiple SRDF groups are


used; some groups send data in one direction , while other groups send data in the
opposite.

--------------------------------------------------
how the SRDF synchronous mode of opeations works ?
--------------------------------------------------
wirte I/O recieved from host/server at the source
The I/O is transmitted to the target
An acknowledgment is provided by target back to the source
The I/O is serviced to the host

-------------------------------------------------------
how the SRDF semi synchronous mode of Operation works ?
-------------------------------------------------------
An I/O write is received from the host/server at the source
The I/O is serviced to the host/seerver
The I/O is transmitted to the cache of the target.
An acknowledgment is provided ty the target back to the source .

-----------------------------------------------------
how the SRDF adaptive copy mode of operations works ?
-----------------------------------------------------
Write I/O received from host/seerver at the source
The I/O is serviced to the host I/O accumulates in/on symmetrix cache in write
pending mode , R1 volues in disk mode
I/O is tranmitted to the target
An acknowledgment is provided by target bacvk to the source.

-------------------------------------------------------
what is writing pending and disk mode of adptive copy ?
-------------------------------------------------------
I/O is accumulates in symmetrix cache in write pending mode
I/O is accumulates in R1 volume in Disk Mode

--------------------------------------------
what is the purpose of adaptive copy mode ?
-------------------------------------------
Adoptive Copy Mode is used primarily for data migrations and data center moves.

---------------------------------------------------
How the SRDF Asynchronous mode of operation works ?
---------------------------------------------------
Write I/O received fromhost/server at the source
The I/O accumulates in source symmetrix cache
The I/O is serviced to the host
The I/O is continually transmitted to the target
The I/o accumultes in Target Symmetrix cache.

------------------------
what is SRDF Damino Mode
------------------------
Domino Mode is used in conjunction with other SRDF modes except SRDF/A.
It effectively stop all write operations to both source and target volumes if
target colume become unavailable
of if all SRDF links become unavailalbe.
User will need to manually re-enable the source volumes.
while such a shutdown temporarily halts production processing , domino modes can
prevent data integrity exposure that causes the inconsistent image on the target
volume.

--------------------------------
How the SRDF Domino mode works ?
--------------------------------
write I/O received fromhost/server at the source
the I/O fails to transmit to the target
Both Source and Target become Unavailable

-------------------------------------------------------------------
How many R2 devices can be paired with one R1 device concerrently ?
-------------------------------------------------------------------
two

-------------------------------------------------
what are the restrictions of SRDF device group ?
-------------------------------------------------
All devices in a disk group must be in the same symmetrix ICDA ( Integrated Cached
Disk Array (ICDA))
All devices must be of the same type (RDF1,RDF2,Regular)
A Device can only belong to a single Device Group per SYMAPI database.

-------------------------------------------------------
How do you check the connectivity status of SRDF link ?
-------------------------------------------------------
symrdf -sid xxxx ping
symrdf -sid xxxx -RA list all

-------------------------------------------
what are the disaster recovery operations ?
--------------------------------------------

--------
Failover
--------
from the source side to the target side, switching data processing to the target
side.

--------
FAilback
--------
from the target side to the source side by switching data processing to the
source side.

------
Update
------
the source side after a failover while the target side may still be operational
to its local host.
----------------------------------
how will failover operation works?
----------------------------------
1 Write Disable device(s) on SA at source (R1)
2 Suspend RDF link(s)
3 Read/Write Enable Device(s) on RA at target (R2)

-------------------------------
how will update operation works
-------------------------------
1.Suspend RDF link(s)
2.Merge device track tables between source and target
3.Resume RDF link(s)

----------------------------------
How will failback operation works?
----------------------------------
1.write disable device(s) on RA at Target (r2)
2.Suspend RDF link(s)
3.Merge device track tables between source and Target
4.Resume RDF link(s)
5.Read/Write Enable Device(s) on SA at source (R1)

-----------------------------------------------
what are the decission suport SRDF operations ?
-----------------------------------------------
Establish
---------
Resume Normal SRDF operations
Preserves data on the source (R!) volumes, discarding changes to the target
(r2) volumes

Split
-----
Suspends link between source(R1) and target (R2) volumes
Enables read and write operations on both source and target volumes

Restore
-------
Resume SRDF operations.
Preserves data on the target (R2) volumes, discarding changes to the source
(R!) volumes.

------------------------------------
How the spill operation will works ?
------------------------------------
1. Suspend RDFlink(s)
2. Read/Write Enable device(s) on RA at target (R2) also.

------------------------------------
How will establish operatio works ?
------------------------------------
1. Write Disable device(2) on RA at target (R2).
2. Suspend RDF link(s)
3. Resume RDF link(s)
4. Merge device track tables between source and target
5. Resume RDF link(s)
----------------------------------
How will restore operation works ?
----------------------------------
1. Write Disable device(s) on SA at source(R1).
2. Write Disable device(s) on RA at target(R2).
3. Suspend RDF link(s)
4. Merge device track tables between source and target
5. Resume RDF link(s)
6. Read/Write Enable device(s) on SA at source(R1)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------
what is the status of R1,R2, and SRDF link while SRDF pair state is in
Sunchronized, suspended, split , updated and Restore ?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------
SRDF PAIR STATE R1 R2 SRDF link
-------------------------------------------------------------
Synchronized RW NR OR WD RW
Suspended RW NR or WD NR or WD
Split RW RW NR or WD
FailOver NR or WD RW NR
Updated NR or WD RW RW or WD
Restore WD WD RW
--------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------
Can you briefly explain about SRDF/S ?
----------------------------------------
1. SRDF/S is a configuration of multiple Symmetrix units that maintains real time
copies of logical volume data in more than one location.
2. Facility for maintaning real-time or near-real time physically separate mirrors
of selected volumes.
3. Uses no host CPU resources - Mirroring done at the storage level.
4. Operating System Independent.
5. There is a performance impact on arrays.
6. Limited Distance.

-------------------------------------------------
Can you briefly explain about SRDF/Asynchronours?
-------------------------------------------------
The Symmetrix array provides a consistent point-in-time image on the target(r2)
device.
which is a short period of time behind the souce(R1) device.
Managed in sessions.
SRDF/A transfers data in predefined timed cycles or delta sets to ensure that data
at the remote (R2) site is dependent write consistent.

1. SRDF/A provides long-distance solution with minimal impact on performance that


particularly preserves data consistency with the database.
2. Promotes efficient link utilization resulting in lower link bandwidth.
3. Maintains a dependent write consistent copy on the R2 devices at all times.
4. Supports all current SRDF topologies, including point-to-point and switched
fabric.
5. Requires no additional hardware, such as switches or routers.
6. Supports all osts and data emulation types supported by the Symmetrix array.
7. Minimizes the impact imposed on the back-end DA directors.
8. Provides a performance response time equivalent to writing to local non-SRDF
devices.
9. allows restore, failvoer and failback cpability between the R1 and R2 sites.

------------------------------------------------------------
What are the factors that effects the SRDF/A implementaion ?
------------------------------------------------------------
1. SRDDF link Bandwidth.
2. Symmetrix Cache
3. Workload

-----------------------------------
wht is SRDF Automated Replication ?
-----------------------------------
SRDF/AR allows users to automate the sequence of SRDF and TimeFinder Mirror
Operations.
The automated sequence, cycle is performed by a user-defined interval called cycle
time.
It is is usually set to operate in adaptive copy mode due to long distance between
local and remote sites.
This allows the users to save on network bandwidth thus minimizing the network
costs without compromising the integrity of the data.

1. Allows business restart site to be at any distance away from source.


2. Collaboration of SRDF and TimeFinder commnads.
3. Minimizes network costs.

------------------------------------------------------
How do you change or set the SRDF mode of operations ?
------------------------------------------------------
symrdf -g <Dg-Name> set mode sync
symrdf -cg <Cg-Nmae> set mode semi
symrdf -f <file-Name> set mode async
synrdf -g <Dg-Name> set domino on
symrdf -g <Dg-Name> set domino off
symrdf -g <Dg-Name> set mode acp_wp
symrdf -g <Dg-Name> set mode acp_off
symrdf -g prod set mode acp_disk
symrdf -f prod set mode acp_off

--------------------------------------------------------------------
what is the background process during the SRDF pais full establish ?
--------------------------------------------------------------------
1. The target (R2) device is Write Disabled to its local host !/O.
2. Trafic is suspend on the SRDF links.
3. All the tracks on the target (R2) device are marked invalid
4. All tracks on the R2 side are refreshed by the R1 source side.
5. The track tables are merged between the R1 and R2 side.
6. Traffic is resumed on the SRDF links.

----------------------------------------------------
what is the background process during the failback ?
----------------------------------------------------
1. The target (R2) device is Write Disabled to its local hosts.
2. Traffic is suspended on the SRDF links
3. If the target side is operational, and there are invalid remote (R2) tracks on
the source side ( and the force option is speficied).
the invalid R1 souce tracks are marked to refresh fromthe target side.
4. The Invalid tracks on the source (R1) dise are freshed from the target R2 side.
The track tables are merged between and R1 and R2 sides.
5. Traffic is resumed on the SRDF links.
6. Tje source (R1) device is Read/Write enabled to its local hosts.

--------------------------------------------
How will the SRDF restore Operation Worsks ?
--------------------------------------------
1. The source (R1) device is Write Disabled to its local hosts.
2. The target (R2) device is Write Disabled to its local hosts
3. Traffic is suspended on the SRDF links
4. All tracks on the source(R1) device are marked as invalid
5. All R1 tracks are refreshed fromthe R2 side. The track tables are merged bwtween
the R1 and R2 side.
6. Traffic is resumed on the SRDF links
7. The source(R1) device is read/write enabled to its local hosts.

------------------------------------
How the symstar will be configured ?
------------------------------------
User concurrent cascaded SRDF/Synchronous and SRDF/Asynchronous links to replicate
source data synchronsouly to a nearby regional site and asynchronously to a distant
remote site.

-----------------------------------------------------------
How do you recover suspended or partitioned state session ?
------------------------------------------------------------
using symrecover command.

-----------------------------------------------------
what are the access rights required if ACLs enabled ?
-----------------------------------------------------
BASE and CFGSYM access rights required.

---------------------------------------------
can we migrate the R1 data larger R2 device ?
---------------------------------------------
yes , we can migrate the R1 data to larger R2 .
but we cant not perform device swap, SRDf/Star operations.
We can not restore back to the R1 device and concatenated meta devices are not
supported.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
what is the command line syntax to create dynamic RDF pairs in a device file ?
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
symrdf createpair -file devicefile -sid <sid #> -rdfg 2 -type rdf1 -invalidate r2
-g newgrp

----------------------------
what is dynamic R1/R2 swap ?
----------------------------
The dynamic R1/R2 swap feature swaps the SRDF personality of the SRDF device
designatiions of a specified device or composite group.

-----------------------------------------
what is link limbo and how do you speficy
-----------------------------------------
feature allows you to set a specific length of time for Enginuity to wait when a
down link is detected before update the link status.
The the link status is still not ready after the link limbo time expires, devices
are marked Not Ready to the link.
Symrdf -sid <sid#> -rdfg <rdfg-#> set link_ limbo <time in seconds>

-----------------------------------------------
how do you create /add the dynamic SRDF group ?
-----------------------------------------------
symrdf addgrp -label dyngrp4 -rdfg 4 -sid x1 -dir xxa -remote_rdfg 4 -remote_sid x2
-remote _dir x1

---------------------------------------------------------
How do you add aynamic SRDF pairs to dynamic SRDF group ?
---------------------------------------------------------
symrdf createpair -file <dynpairsfile> -sid <sid #> -rdfg rdf1 -invalidate r2

-------------------------------------------------------
what are the symmetrix array-wide parameter in SRDF/A ?
-------------------------------------------------------
Maximum SRDF/A cache usage and Maximum host throttle time

----------------------------------------------------
How do you set the Metrics on symmetrix for SRDF/A ?
-----------------------------------------------------
set symmetrix rdfa_cache_percent =94;
set symmetrix rdfa_host_throttle_time = 0;

--------------------------------------------
What is RDF grop sessio priority parameter ?
--------------------------------------------
When SRDF/A needs to deop sessons when the cache QP limit is reached,
The sessin will be dropped starting with priority values of 64 with a setting of 1
being the last to be dropped.

------------------------------------------------
what is the SRDF mode of operation for SRDF/AR ?
------------------------------------------------
Adaptive copy mode

-------------------------------------------------------------
what are the required options for symreplicate options file ?
-------------------------------------------------------------
SYMCLI_REPLICATE_HOP_TYPE and one of
SYMCLI_REPLICATE_CYCLE or SYMCLI_REPLICATE_CYCLE_DELAY

---------------------------------------------------------------------
what is automatic tripping and manually tripping of composite group ?
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Automatic Tripping : occurs when one or more R1 souce devices in an consistency
enabled composite group cannot propagate data to their corresponding target
devices.
Manual Tripping : occurs when you invoke the Symrdf -cg suspend or split
command.

---------------------------------------------------------
How can you monitor and restart the failed SRDF session ?
---------------------------------------------------------
using the symrecover SYMCLI command.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
How do you monitor and restart the failed SRDF/A using symrecover command ?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Will crete a options file using options entries like goldcopy_type_r2.
goldcopy_bcv_r2_mirror_state_startup = estaclish
goldcopy_bcv_r2_mirror_state_post_restsart = split
goldcopy_max_wait_bcv,monitor_cycle_time, Monitor_only,rdfg
restart_window,restart_max_attempts,restart_max_wait_state_change,
restart_mas_wait_adcopy_sync,restrt_delay,restart_attempt_pause,
restart_group_on_startup,email_addr_target, email_server, etc. and will execute
the symrecogver command
symrecover start -cg RDFAmon -mode async -options recover_srdf.txt

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------
how do you perform disaster recovery operations in case of scheduled downtime for
maintenance or after a
serious system problem which has rendered either the host or symmetrix array
contaning the source(R1) devices unreachable.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------

@@ will do zoning and device masking at DR site if it is not preconfigured and will
execute the symrdf -g <DgName> failover ( this command can be executed at source
host or remote host).
@@ Once this command is executed Remote Devices (R2) decives will become
Read/Wriote(Rw) accessable to their local hosts, then we will mount the devices and
will start the application on the hosts.

## We can monitor the link, devices, pair status by suing symrdf -f <DgName> query
command.

%% To restore normal operations at DC/local site , we will execute failvack


command, Before issuing trhe failback command, we have to update the R1 devices to
minize downtime by using
symrdf -g <DgName> update command and then will stop/terminate I/O on the R2
devices and will issue the symrdg - g <DgName> failback command to make R1 devices
Read/Write enable to restore the
normal SRDF Operations.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
To execute the symrdf failover command successfully, the device pair must be in
which state ?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
The divice pais mjst be in Synchronized, Suspended, R1 updated, Partitioned or in
Transmit Idle state.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
To execute the symrdf failover command successfully, the device pair must not in
which state ?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
The device pairs should not be in split SyncInProg,R1 UPdInProg, Invalid

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------
To execute the symrdf failback command successfully , the device pairs must be in
which state ?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------
The device pair states must be in failed Over, Suspended and Write Disabled at the
source, Suspended and Not Ready at the source , R1 updated, R1 UpdInProg

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Can you briefly explain the steps to configure/start an dynamic SRDF/A session ?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Will Identify potential source deivices and assign the dynamic capavble rdf1
attributes ( set dev xxx, attribute=dyn_rdf1_only)
2. will identify /create the rdf2 devices in the remote array (create dev count
=x, size=x emulation=fba.config=2-way-mir; set dev xx,attribute=dyn_rdf2_only)
3. will create a dvice file and rdr1 devices in the first column and rdf2 devices
in the second column.
4. will Identify/choose the Remote Linkk Directors of the local and remote arrays
(symcfg list -RA all)
5. will identify/create a rdf groups on the both local and remove arrays
@@ symcfg list -rdfg all ---- to identify the exisitng rdf groups .
@@ symrdf addgrp -sid <SID#> -dir <RAnumber> -rdfg <GRPNumber>
-remote_sid<sid#> -remote-dir <RANumer) -remote_rdfg <GrpNumber> -label <RdfgName>
6. Write disalbe the remove devices (R2) (symdev -sid xx write_disalbe dev xx)
7. Will create RDF pair by using symrdf command ( symrdf createpair -sid <sid#>
-rdfg <GrpNumber> -file <devicefile> -type r1 -invalidate r2 -label <rdfgpairname>)
8. will change the SRDF mode to adaptive copy disk mode (symrdf -sid <sid#>
-rdfg <grpNum> -file <Devicefile> set mode Acp_disk )
9. will perform a full establish ( symrdf -sid <sid#> -rdfg<GRPNumber> -file
<Devicefile> establish -full )
10. will verify the number of invalid tracks by using query command (symrdf -sid
<sid#> -rdfg<GrpNumber> -file<Devicefile> query ) if the number of invalid tacks
are fallen
below 30,000 then will change the mode to Anynchronous
11. Change the SRDF mode ti abynchronous (symrdf -sid <sid#> -rdfg <GrpNum> -file
<devicefile> set mode sync)
12. Will Enable the consistency protection for SRDF/A mode (symrdf -sid <sid#>
-rdfg<GrpNumber> -rile <Devicefile> enable.
13. We can minotor the seeion by using symrdf -sid <sid#> -rdfg <GrpNumber> -file
<DeviceFile> query.

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