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High Throughput Satellites and Oil & Gas

‘Big Data’
Flavio Pinto – Sales Manager | Gilat Satellite Networks | April 2015

Gilat – Boundless Communications
• Gilat at a Glance
• HTS Overview
• Gilat’s Answer – SEII-C
Enterprise Cellular SOTM SOTM
Finance Gilat • HTS References
& Consumer Backhaul Commercial Defense

Gilat at a Glance

Wide Range of Products and Integrated Solutions
VSAT Network System BUCS & SSPAs SOTM Antennas Terminals

& BlackRay 71
Hubs Remote Units
Ground Airborne SR 71
SkyEdge II IP

SR 250/300
CellEdge SatTrooper

ER 5000/6000
SkyEdge II-c Ground Airborne


SR 5000
Accent BlackRay Parabolic

Multi-Star Gemini Custom
Gateway X-Band Integration
ER 7000

Capricorn Libra

NOC Operation
Turnkey Projects
Gilat Business Units
Commercial Division

Mobility Division

Services Division

HTS Overview

HTS Basics
• What is HTS and how it is related to Ka Band?

• Why HTS now?

• How does it work?

• Ka/HTS/MSB Ecosystems?

• What do we see in the future?

Is HTS always Ka?

HTS and Ka

• Not all Ka Satellites are High Throughput

• And not all High Throughput Satellites are Ka Band

KA-SAT EMEA coverage ABS-2 Ka coverage

HTS and Ka

• Not all Ka Satellites are High Throughput

• And not all High Throughput Satellites are Ka Band

iPSTAR AU coverage Intelsat’s EPIC-NG NA/Atlantic coverage

What is better, Ka or Ku?
• Rainfade, bigger problem for Ka-band!
Reality: Cannot deny physics but larger antennas (same size as Ku), ACM, and
other technologies can minimize except for most demanding applications. Millions
of subscribers already using Ka-band satellite based services today.

• More Ka spectrum available and Ka free from interference issue!

Reality: Might have been true a few years ago, but most Ka slots already filed
for and coordination becoming bigger and bigger issue.

• Ka-Band products are more expensive, Ka has small span of

Reality: For consumer-class services, price differences are minimal today between
Ku and Ka CPE.
Reality: For enterprise-class services, this can be an issue in some cases but it is
likely that any price difference etween Ka / Ku equipment will be eliminated within a
few years.

What is better, Ka or Ku?
• Ka has more total throughput, so is cheaper per bit!
Reality: Technically, higher frequency Ka allows a higher bit rate than Ku.
Reality: Cost per bit is determined by other factors than just frequency including
signal power (EIRP), number of spots/frequency reuse, transponder size, antenna
size, etc, etc.

• Ku is backwards compatible!
Reality: Largerly true today, but it becomes ever less of a factor over time.
Reality: The real decision factor is “Total Cost of Ownership” and this can greatly
vary from case to case.

Ka specific challenges
What is better, Ka or Ku?

- Both Bands have a role to play. For each service provider the
decision will be dependent on their own factors.
- Applications / Clients on which the business plan is built
- Considerations of using existing infrastructure
- Access to spectrum

- Internal or different perspectives on Ka and Ku within our

industry should not confuse our potential clients
- Sales and Marketing shall provide unbiased advisory
- In the end the client should not care abouth the frequency
band if his/her demands are met!

Why everyone is talking
HTS now?

HTS vs. Traditional Capacity Demand
Capacity Availability by Frequency Band

Source: Comsys 2012

-180 -90 0 90 180

World-wide HTS Capacity (2014)

0 Gbps
55 Gbps
159 Gbps
31 Gbps

8 Gbps

1 Gbps
5 Gbps

Global /Maritime:
0 Gbps

Total available: 259 Gbps

Source: Deloitte 2012
Measured in FWD traffic to the user
-180 -90 0 90 180

World-wide HTS Capacity (2016)

15 Gbps
(+15 Gbps)
79 Gbps
(+24 Gbps)
169 Gbps
(+10 Gbps) 72 Gbps
(+41 Gbps)
39 Gbps
(+21 Gbps)

>30 HTS
Satellites by ’16
70 Gbps
(+69 Gbps) 60 Gbps
- Multi-mission (+55 Gbps)

Global /Maritime:
27 Gbps
(+27 Gbps)

Total add: 262 Gbps

Over double the capacity in two years!
Source: Deloitte 2012
Measured in FWD traffic to the user
HTS & Ka Launches (2014-2018)

SES 12 Koreasat 5A GSAT-KA AzerSpace 2 ViaSat 3 Koreasat 7

2016 - 2017
Telesat Anik Kacific Telesat 18V Aonesat 1 CS-16 Eutelsat 65 Intelsat32e Jupiter 2

PSN-6 Telesat 19V Star One D1 SGDC-1 Spaceway 6 Viasat 2

Amazonas 4B Amos 6 Arsat 3 SES-9 Telesat 12VExpress AMU1

Arabsat 6E Jabiru 1 BADR BADR 7 Congosat 1

Hispasat AG1 Inmarsat V F2 Intelsat 29E NBN 1A NBN 1B O3b x 4 Superbird 8 Yamal 601 Inmarsat V F3
Hylas 3

ABS 2* Astra 2G Astra 5B* AsiaSat 8 ChinaSat 15 Eutelsat 3B* Express AT-1* Express AT-2* Express AM-6

Express AM-7 Express AM-8 Express AM4R* GSAT 11 G-SAT 14* O3b x 4* Thor 7 Turksat 4A Turksat 4B

Confidential Hybrid HTS (Ku/C/Ka Satellite) Full HTS Ka-Band Failed launch * Launched
HTS Forecasts - Euroconsult
• HTS capacity supply will nearly triple over the next three years alone, from 600 Gbps in
2014 to 1,720 Gbps in 2017 (FWD + RTN)
• More than 100 new HTS payloads and satellites are expected to launch over the next
HTS – Broadband vs. non-Broadband Applications

• Excluding Broadband, more than 2/3 of HTS bandwidth demand will come from
outside NAM/WEU.

• Non-broadband applications will make up over 75% of HTS revenue growth to 2023

Global HTS Demand (Gbps), 2023, Including


Rest of World

North America
& Western

Source : NSR
New Entrants – Unknown Effect

What is HTS’s value?

Widebeam vs Multi-spot beam

Wide Spot
• Satellite Cost: $150M-$250M • Satellite Cost: X2 = $400M - $500M
• 24-48 C/Ku Band 36Mhz TPX • 40-80 Ka 250Mhz-500Mhz Beams
• Requires: 1GHz • Requires: 1-1.5GHz GW Beams
• Throughput: 2Gbps – 4Gbps • Throughput: 40Gbps-60Gbps

• Bits transmitted over all regions – • Bits transmitted only on beam

Frequency separation – Beam separation

MSB is 1/10 cost per bit vs wide beam for lifetime of satellite! 24
HTS Satellites as Enablers

High Throughput Satellites offer

• More capacity
• Faster data rates
• At lower prices

The three are linked

Speed + Capacity + Price

Potential to change our value proposition as an industry!

• Meet growth in demand
• Expand to new markets
• Compete with terrestrial

Preparing Oil & Gas for HTS
• By 2023, 10% of Connected Oil&Gas sites will be for Exploration and Production,
12% of those will utilize HTS capacity (source NSR).
• Huge HTS capacity projected to fill the sky over the next years  Welcome
opportunity for the Oil&Gas / Offshore, where satellite internet demand continues to
escalate. Offshore rigs and platforms around the world are heavy users of satellite
broadband to support their use of voice, video, and data applications - ultimately driving
up the average consumption of bandwidth.
• Typical applications:
• Connection of rigs with onshore production teams
• Safety applications and equipment monitoring to track operation
• Personal connections for crew welfare
• As bandwidth demand increases, Oil & Gas global service providers are facing
pressure from their customers to deliver faster, more efficient networks that provide
higher availability and more capacity – especially in the remote waters of the
offshore oil and gas market.

High throughput satellites (HTS) will enable service providers to meet

their customer’s demands.
HTS Satellites as Enablers – Energy Markets
Bottom Line:
The Lower cost and Higher
from HTS and O3b are
shaping up to significantly
alter the Bandwidth
Paradigm within the Energy
Markets (Oil & Gas, Mining,
and Electrical Utility)

• HTS and O3b will add an additional 18 Gbps of throughput to Energy markets by
2022 – driven by higher provisioning and Inservice Unit growth.
• Key applications = enhanced oil recovery (EOR), crew-welfare, business
applications, mining automation, more requirements for data reporting.
• Traditional FSS Capacity will still exist to provide high-redundancy, but hybrid
solutions utilizing least-cost/highest throughput schemes continue to become the
status quo…. Even with C-band users.
• Wireless Backhaul and Energy to represent solid HTS markets.
How HTS changes the

Traditional ecosystem

• Satellite Operator sells MHz

• Satellite Service Provider purchase hubs and terminals

Network Internet
Satellite Direct & End
Service Service
Operator Resellers Users
Operator Provider

Satellite Service Providers

Satellite Ops, Optional GW Purchase & install baseband hubs and

hosted services (Internet, terminals, Define Services, Customer
Hub co-location) acquisition, customer help desk
Vertically integrated ecosystem

• Satellite Operator also operates the network and wholesale Mbps

• ISPs purchase terminals and own end users

Satellite Network Service ISPs & End

Operator Operator Provider Resellers Users

Customer acquisition,
Satellite Ops, Hub baseband, VSAT
Define Services,
Equipment, Internet, GW Ops, 2nd-level HD
1st-Level HD
Ecosystem models

Gilat’s Answer – SkyEdge II-C

One Network – All Application
Beam Switching, Full Terminals
Usage Service Plans SCPC , 100Mbps / 100Mbps
IP Trunks

Consumer CellEdge Small

Hybrid cell

Corporate & LTE

Enterprise Backhauling

IPv6, VLANs, QoS Cellular Data Acceleration

Confidential and proprietary information
HTS and Wide-beam
Gilat SkyEdge II-c Supports All Applications

Libra Gemini-i Gemini Capricorn Capricorn Pro

Low cost 3G/LTE Cellular IP Trunking &

Consumer Enterprise
Consumer Backhauling Mobility

Total NMS - Network Management

High Level Network Architecture
Any number of

Any number of
Satellite Beams

TotalNMS M&C

ONE Network
Ka Ku C

Any number of Any number of

teleports/ Gateways Freq. Bands
Confidential and proprietary information 35
Flexible Gateway Architecture

Flexible Baseband Design enables cost

effective services

• High Availability

• High Integration

• Unattended Operations

Confidential and proprietary information 36

Versatile Family of Terminals

Support full range of customer types

• Consumer
• Enterprise
• Machine to Machine (M2M)
• Cellular Backhauling (CBH)
• IP Trunking
• Mobility

Confidential and proprietary information 37

VSAT Portfolio Types

Ultra High
High Speed
Outbound 40 Mbps 200 Mbps


Applications Consumer, CBH, Trunking,

Enterprise Mobility

Confidential and proprietary information 38

Simplifying Operations

Reducing Operators OPEX

• High Spectral Efficiency

• Simple and automatic service activation

• Flexible interfaces to OSS/BSS

Confidential and proprietary information 39

Thinking of the end customer

Enable High Customer Satisfaction

• Automatic Service Activation
• QoS, IPv6
• Usage based services
• Integrated acceleration
• Security

• Advanced VSAT user Web GUI

Confidential and proprietary information 40

Gilat HTS References

Partnering with HTS Providers
• Agreements in place with SES, Thaicom, Inmarsat, O3B, JCP
• Recently with Eutelsat and Intelsat.
– Value Proposition:
• Multiple applications on same platform (Broadband, Enterprise, Cellular Backhaul,

• Strategic position as technology partner

• Open System: Multiple ISPs can configure own business offering
– Flexible business models: Risk sharing OPEX model
– Ground equipment, VSATs, HUBs, Gateways and Network Operations
– Collaborative sales and distribution
• Actively pursuing creative partnerships with other leading satellite

Strategic Partnership with Inmarsat
• Fixed solutions on Global Xpress constellation
• Inmarsat resellers to offer Gilat VSATs globally
• Networks operated by Gilat

Hub Solution + VSAT

Gilat + O3B
• SKY EDGE II O3B / GILAT SEII O3B tier 2 terminal –
optimal for Cellular Backhaul and O&G applications
– 40Mbps Outbound Channel
– TDMA / SCPC switchover on-the-fly
• Cost effective beyond few links
• Managed network
• Full turnkey solution
(Hub, VSats, required infrastructure…)

First trial
available on
April 2015
Increasing communication needs in the O&G is being driven by
new applications, the regulatory environment and the increasing
distance from the shore and depth where such platforms are

• Coverage of offshore rigs and platforms

with high speed connectivity

• Seismic Survey ships providing ultra

high speed data collection to
supercomputers in data

• High Speed + Low latency = cloud

based applications

O3b Networks Proprietary

JCP Telecommunications
1st Ka National Brazilian Coverage

• Ka HTS MSB satellite

• Consumer, SME, Airborne, Offshore and Cellular Backhaul applications

• National Brazilian Coverage

• Satellite Launched in Q2 2014 / Initial VSAT operations in Q1 2015.

Thank You

Gilat Satellite Networks | |