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Homework #3: Hints

ABAQUS Input file Keyword line


Data lines
*HEADING

*NODE

*ELEMENT, TYPE=____, ELSET=__ Defining geometry

*SOLID SECTION, ELSET=__, MATERIAL=__ Model data
… Assigning material
*MATERIAL, NAME=____ properties
*ELASTIC

*STEP
*STATIC
*BOUNDARY

*CLOAD Boundary conditions
History data
...
*NODE PRINT

*EL PRINT Output request

*END STEP
Model Data
*HEADING
Input file description
*NODE
… (Node number, x coordinate, y coordinate)

*ELEMENT, TYPE=____, ELSET=___


… (Element number, corresponding node numbers)

*SOLID SECTION, ELSET=__, MATERIAL=____


… (Thickness)

*MATERIAL, NAME=____
*ELASTIC
… (Elastic modulus, Poisson’s ratio)

Element Type Element Set Material


Element
Element Type
 Continuum Element (Solid)
 Plane strain: CPE3, CPE4, CPE8, CPE8R
 Plane stress: CPS3, CPS4, CPS8, CPS8R
 3D elements: C3D4, C3D8, C3D10, C3D20
 Structural elements, special elements or user
defined element (UEL)

Element Set (ELSET)


 Define different solid sections
 Different material properties
2D Continuum Elements
3D Continuum Elements
Material
Define: materials in element set
The material names should correspond
to each other
Elastic
 Elastic modulus, Poisson’s ratio
Inelastic, Plastic or User defined
material (UMAT)
ABAQUS Input file Keyword line
Data lines
*HEADING

*NODE

*ELEMENT, TYPE=____, ELSET=__ Defining geometry

*SOLID SECTION, ELSET=__, MATERIAL=__ Model data
… Assigning material
*MATERIAL, NAME=____ properties
*ELASTIC

*STEP
*STATIC
*BOUNDARY

*CLOAD Boundary conditions
History data
...
*NODE PRINT

*EL PRINT Output request

*END STEP
History Data
*STEP
*STATIC
*BOUNDARY
… (Node number, dof1, dof2, magnitude)

*CLOAD
... (Node number, dof, magnitude)

*NODE PRINT

U: Displacements
S: Stress
*EL PRINT E: Strain

• dof1: the 1st dof to constrained
*END STEP • dof2 : the last dof to constrained

Degrees of freedom CLOAD // DLOAD


Degrees of Freedom
1 Translation in direction 1
2 Translation in direction 2
3 Translation in direction 3
4 Rotation about the 1-axis
5 Rotation about the 2-axis
6 Rotation about the 3-axis
7 Warping in open-section beam elements
8 Acoustic pressure
10 Electric potential
11 Temperature
Distributed Load
 Equivalent Nodal Load Vector
 References: Text book 3.11 Nodal loads
T  N  : Shape function
re     N  Φ dS
Φ : Distributed traction

 ABAQUS Commend
*DLOAD
Element number, load label (ID), magnitude (pressure)
 Load ID: letter “P” + the number of element face
Example of an Input File
*Heading
Lab-session review (SI unit)
*NODE
1, 0, 0
2, 1, 0
3, 0, 1 100 unit / length  10000 unit / length2
4, 1, 1
*Element, TYPE=CPS3, ELSET=T3_R1 100 unit / length
1, 1, 2, 3
2, 3, 2, 4
*SOLID SECTION, ELSET=T3_R1, MATERIAL=CON 3 4
.01
*MATERIAL, NAME=CON
*ELASTIC 2
32E9, 0.25
*STEP 1
*STATIC
*BOUNDARY
1, 1, 2
2, 2
*DLOAD 1 2
2, P3, 10000
*NODE PRINT
U Thickness: 0.01 E = 32E9
*EL PRINT v = 0.25
S, E
*END STEP
Running ABAQUS

abaqus job=file_name.inp <enter>

abaqus <enter>
Identifier : result_file_name <enter>
Input file : file_name.inp <enter>
Useful Information
ABAQUS online manual

User Guide of UNIX machine


www.ews.uiuc.edu
www.ews.uiuc.edu/userguide/unix-command.html
www.ews.uiuc.edu/userguide/clrtxt/