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Flaw Manufacturing Technology

~ The World Leader in Manufacturing Real Flaws ~


To order the highest quality flawed specimens call: (704) 795-4401 or visit www.flawtech.com
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FLAWED SPECIMEN CATEGORIES..............................PAGE 1
STANDARD KIT INTRODUCTION................................. PAGE 2
DISCONTINUITIES LIST...............................................PAGE 3
STANDARD RADIOGRAPHIC KIT................................. PAGE 4
STANDARD ULTRASONIC KIT..................................... PAGE 5
STANDARD MAGNETIC PARTICLE &
LIQUID PENETRANT KIT.............................................. PAGE 6
STANDARD VISUAL KIT............................................... PAGE 7
STANDARD DEMONSTRATION KIT..............................PAGE 8
PRACTICAL EXAM INTRODUCTION.............................PAGE 9
UT PRACTICAL EXAM SPECIMENS............................. PAGE 10
MT/PT PRACTICAL EXAM SPECIMENS........................PAGE 11
SAMPLE DRAWING OF EXAM SPECIMENS................ PAGE 12
ADVANCED SPECIMENS ............................................ PAGE 13
API-UT-1 SPECIMEN KIT.............................................. PAGE 14
API RP-2X SPECIMEN KIT........................................... PAGE 15
AWS / CWI VISUAL KIT................................................. PAGE 16
AWS / CWI PENETRANT KIT......................................... PAGE 17
SOCKET WELD KIT....................................................... PAGE 18
EPRI BOILER TUBE DAMAGE KIT............................... PAGE 19
ASME SECTION XI, APPENDIX VII KIT....................... PAGE 20
ASME SECTION XI, APPENDIX VIII
SUPPLEMENTS 2, 3 & 10 KITS..................................PAGE 21
FLAW IMPLANT TECHNIQUES.....................................PAGE 22
ULTRASONIC CALIBRATION BLOCKS........................ PAGE 23
PDI ALTERNATIVE ASME CAL BLOCKS...................... PAGE 24
EPRI CS-4774 & BASIC PIPING CAL BLOCKS..........PAGE 25
PDI UT 10 CALIBRATION BLOCK SET........................ PAGE 26
OVERLAY STEP WEDGE CAL BLOCK.......................... PAGE 27

PH DIVERSIFIED INC.
NASA/GENERAL DYNAMICS SERIES
PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION &
CLASSROOM TRAINING BOOKS................................ PAGE 28

INQUAL DIVISION
APPENDIX VIII PRACTICE SESSIONS &
APPENDIX VIII QUALIFICATIONS............................... PAGE 29

RENTAL PRICE LIST APPENDIX VIII........................... PAGE 30


RENTAL PRICE LIST STANDARD KITS....................... PAGE 31
RENTAL PRICE LIST ADVANCED KITS....................... PAGE 32
FLAWED
1
Flaw Manufacturing Technology SPECIMEN
4486 RACEWAY DR. CATEGORIES
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

STANDARD ADVANCED CRITICAL


STANDARD ADVANCED CRITICAL
SPECIMENS SPECIMENS SPECIMENS
Have a tolerance of Have a tolerance of Have a tolerance of
+/- 0.150” (4mm). +/- 0.080” (2mm) +/- 0.040” (1mm)

Includes all standard kit Includes all advanced Includes all ASME Section
specimens and all ut & specimens, api-ut-1 kit & XI Appendix VIII specimens
mt/pt practical exam all asme section xi and most of the custom
specimens. appendix vii specimen bank. designed specimens.

Designed to enhance the Designed to enhance the Designed to customer


training & qualification training & qualification specifications for their
of level I & II personnel of level I, II & III training & qualification
with regards to personnel with regards to of ndt personnel,
snt-tc-1a, en473 & pcn. snt-tc-1a, en473 & pcn. equipment and procedures.

Normally smaller in size Stock Advanced Specimens Size of specimens range


and less expensive are larger in size than from a small bolt for the
than Advanced and the standard specimen space shuttle to a 20,000
Critical specimens. and higher tolerance. pound reactor nozzle.

Basic Document Package Document Package with Detailed Documentation


with CAD drawings is cad drawings is included is included with specimens.
Included with each kit with each kit or individual Contact FlawTech for
or exam specimen. Advanced Specimen. exact details.

Custom specimens are Custom specimens are Custom specimens are


available at this level of available at this level of available at this level of
tolerance. tolerance. tolerance.

CALL FLAWTECH TODAY FOR DETAILS


SPECIMENS NDT
RECOGNIZED UNSURPASSED INDUSTRY
GLOBALLY QUALITY PIONEER

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS


2
STANDARD KIT
Flaw Manufacturing Technology INTRODUCTION
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08

TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

FLAWTECH STANDARD KITS


EACH KIT CONTAINS
RT KIT 20 “REAL” FLAWS PER KIT
10 LARGE 4” X 8”
UT KIT CARBON STEEL
SPECIMENS PER KIT
MT/PT KIT “FREE” CARRYING CASE
DETAILED DOCUMENT
PACKAGE WITH CAD
VT KIT DRAWINGS

DEMONSTRATION KIT SPECIAL


5 SPECIMENS & 11 FLAWS KITS
REFERENCE RADIOGRAPHS
FILM ONLY - 16 RADIOGRAPHS SHOWING 20 REAL FLAWS
CUSTOM KITS AVAILABLE

FLAWTECH STANDARD
KIT SPECIMENS
ARE DESIGNED TO:
ENHANCE THE TRAINING &
QUALIFICATION OF LEVEL I & II
PERSONNEL WITH REGARDS TO
SNT-TC-1A, EN473 & PCN.

ASSIST WITH BASIC FLAW


DETECTION, SIZING AND
INTERPRETATION USING COMMON
WELD GEOMETRIES AND FLAW
TYPES.

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS


FLAWTECH 3
Flaw Manufacturing Technology DISCONTINUITIES
4486 RACEWAY DR. LIST
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

# FLAW TYPE WELD NDT METHOD


10 TOE CRACK SV / DV - MT/PT UT RT
11 TOE CRACK FILLET - MT/PT UT -
12 ROOT CRACK SV - MT/PT UT RT
13 UNDERBEAD CRACK FILLET - - UT -
14 CENTER LINE CRACK (SURFACE) SV / DV - MT/PT UT RT
15 CENTER LINE CRACK (SUB-SURFACE) SV / DV - - UT RT
16 CIRCUMFERENTIAL CRACK (FLUSH CROWN) SV / DV - MT/PT UT RT
17 TRANSVERSE CRACK (FLUSH CROWN) SV / DV - MT/PT UT -
18 BASE METAL CRACK (CROWN HAZ AREA) SV / DV - MT/PT UT -
19 BASE METAL CRACK (ROOT HAZ AREA) SV - MT/PT UT -
20 CRATER CRACK (CROWN STOP/START AREA) SV / DV VT MT/PT - -

30 POROSITY (SUB-SURFACE) SV / DV - - UT RT
31 POROSITY (SUB-SURFACE) FILLET - - UT RT
32 POROSITY (SURFACE) SV / DV VT MT/PT - -
33 POROSITY (SURFACE) FILLET VT MT/PT - -
34 SINGLE GAS PORE SV / DV - - UT RT
35 SINGLE GAS PORE FILLET - - - RT
36 SLAG INCLUSION (ROOT AREA) SV - - UT RT
37 SLAG INCLUSION (WELD GROOVE AREA) SV / DV - - UT RT
38 SLAG INCLUSION (ROOT AREA) FILLET - - UT RT
39 TUNGSTEN INCLUSION (ROOT AREA) SV / DV - - - RT

50 LAMINATION (BASE METAL) SV - - UT -


51 LAMINATION (BASE METAL) WP FACE - MT/PT - -
52 LACK OF FUSION (SUB-SURFACE) SV / DV - - UT -
53 LACK OF FUSION (SURFACE BREAKING) SV / DV - MT/PT UT -
54 LACK OF FUSION (SURFACE BREAKING) FILLET - MT/PT - -
55 LACK OF FUSION (ROOT AREA) SV - MT/PT UT -
56 INCOMPLETE ROOT PENETRATION SV VT MT/PT UT RT
57 INCOMPLETE ROOT PENETRATION DV - - UT RT
58 INCOMPLETE ROOT PENETRATION (BRIDGING) FILLET - - UT -
59 INCOMPLETE GROOVE WELD (CROWN AREA) SV / DV VT MT/PT UT RT

70 ROOT CONCAVITY SV VT - - RT
71 EXCESS ROOT PENETRATION SV VT - - RT
72 MISALIGNMENT (ROOT & CROWN AREA) SV VT - - RT
73 UNEVEN LEG LENGTH FILLET VT - - -
74 EXCESS CROWN SV / DV VT - - -
75 EXCESS CROWN FILLET VT - - -
76 CONCAVE CROWN SV / DV VT - - -
77 CONCAVE CROWN FILLET VT - - -
78 UNDERCUT SV / DV VT - - -
79 UNDERCUT FILLET VT - - -
80 OVERLAP FILLET VT MT/PT - -

90 WELD SPATTER SV / DV VT - VT RT
91 WELD SPATTER FILLET VT - VT RT
92 CHIPPING HAMMER MARKS SV / DV VT - VT RT
93 CHIPPING HAMMER MARKS FILLET VT - VT -

HOW TO REQUEST A CUSTOM SPECIMEN


1ST 2ND 3RD
SELECT A TOLERANCE SELECT YOUR FLAWS SELECT THE MATERIAL
Standard +/-0.150” (4mm) FROM THE ABOVE TABLE TYPE, WELD PREP GEOMETRY
Advanced +/-0.080” (2mm) OR SPECIFY YOUR AND THE REQUIRED NDT
Critical +/-0.040” (1mm) SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS METHOD OF INSPECTION
4 STANDARD
RADIOGRAPHIC
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 KIT
Phone: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403
www.FlawTech.com
The Radiographic Kit contains:
8 Plates, 1 Pipe and 1 Tee
20 Discontinuities, "REAL FLAWS", randomly placed

Actual X-Ray film is provided for each specimen. Specimens


12. Root Crack in Single Vee 14. Centerline Crack, Sing le are packaged in 2 FREE CARRYING CASES. Complete with
MT/PT, UT, RT Vee (surface breaking)
MT/PT, UT, RT Document Package with "Flaw Truth" documented by CAD
drawings with a Standard Tolerance of ±0.150" (4mm).

The standard Radiographic Examination Kit contains 20 flaws


similar to those shown in the cross section drawings below.
Also Available
15. Centerline Crack, Sing le
30. Porosity in Single V ee Reference Radiograph Set "Real Film & Real Flaws"
Vee (sub-surface)
RT, UT
UT, RT Document Package Only - with 10 CAD Drawings & 16 film
VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE OR CALL FOR PRICE INFORMATION

31. Porosity in Fillet 34. Single Gas Pore in Sing le 36. Slag Inclusion in Single Vee 37. Slag Inclusion in Single Vee
30. Porosity in Double Vee (sub-surface) UT, RT Vee UT, RT (root area) UT, RT (weld groove area) UT, RT
(sub-surface) UT, RT

59. Incomplete Groove Weld


38. Slag Inclusion in Fill et 39. Tungsten Inclusion in Single 56. Incomplete Root Penetrat ion 57. Incomplete Root Penetration in (crown area)
(root area) UT, RT Vee (root area) RT in Single Vee, VT, UT, RT Double Vee, UT, RT VT, MT/PT, UT, RT

70. Root Concavity in Single 71. Excess Root Penetration 72. Misalignment, Root & Crown 90. Weld Spatter on Single Vee 92. Chipping Hammer Marks
Vee VT, RT in Single Vee VT, RT in Single Vee VT, RT VT, RT on Single Vee, VT, RT

I.D. LABEL 8"


REFERENCE DATUM (200mm)
I.D. LABEL 8"
(200mm) CROSS SECTION
VIEW
4"
4" (100mm)
(100mm) 0.337"
(8.6mm)
8" 4"
0.375" & 0.625" CROSS SECTION VIEW 4.5" (200mm) (100mm)
(9.5mm & 16mm) REFERENCE EDGE (114mm)

Shipping Weight 65lbs CROSS SECTION VIEW 0.375"


I.D.
LABEL REFERENCE EDGE (9.5mm)
Broc-RT-A 10-09

CONTACT YOUR LOCAL NDT


ALL SPECIMENS CONTAIN
SUPPLIER OR
"REAL FLAWS"
FLAWTECH FOR ORDERING DETAILS
5
STANDARD
ULTRASONIC
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 KIT
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403
www.FlawTech.com

The Ultrasonic Kit contains:


8 Plates, 1 Pipe and 1 Tee
20 Discontinuities, "REAL FLAWS", randomly placed
10. Toe Crack in Single Vee 12. Root Crack in Single Vee
MT/PT, UT MT/PT, UT, RT
Specimens are packaged in 2 FREE CARRYING CASES.
Complete with Document Package with "Flaw Truth" documented
by CAD drawings with a standard tolerance of ±0.150" (4mm).

The standard Ultrasonic Examination Kit contains 20 flaws similar


to those shown in the cross section drawings below.
16. Circumferential Crack in
15. Centerline Crack, Single V ee
Single Vee, flush c rown
(sub-surface) UT, RT
VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE OR CALL FOR PRICE INFORMATION MT/PT, UT

17. Transverse Crack in Single 19. Base Metal Crack in Si ngle 30. Porosity in Double V ee
18. Base Metal Crack in Si ngle 31. Porosity in Fillet
Vee, flush crown Vee (bottom HAZ area) (sub-surface) UT, RT
Vee (top HAZ area) (sub-surface) UT, RT
MT/PT, UT MT/PT, UT
MT/ PT, UT

38. Slag Inclusion in Fill et 50. Lamination in Single Vee 52. Lack of Fusion in Single Vee
34. Single Gas Pore in Sing le 37. Slag Inclusion in Single Vee
(root area) UT, RT (base metal) UT (crown area) UT
Vee UT, RT (weld groove area) UT, RT

Drawings
Not to
Scale
55. Lack of Fusion in Single Vee 56. Incomplete Root Penetration 57. Incomplete Root Penetration in 59. Incomplete Groove Weld
(surface breaking at root) in Single Vee, VT, UT, RT Double Vee, UT, RT (crown area)
MT/PT, UT VT, MT/PT, UT, RT

I.D. LABEL 8"


REFERENCE DATUM (200mm)
I.D. LABEL 8"
(200mm) CROSS SECTION
VIEW
4"
4" (100mm)
(100mm) 0.337"
(8.6mm)
8" 4"
0.375" & 0.625" CROSS SECTION VIEW 4.5" (200mm) (100mm)
(9.5mm & 16mm) REFERENCE EDGE (114mm)

CROSS SECTION VIEW 0.375"


Shipping Weight 65lbs I.D.
REFERENCE EDGE
LABEL (9.5mm)
Broc-UT-A 10-08

CONTACT YOUR LOCAL NDT


ALL SPECIMENS CONTAIN
SUPPLIER OR
"REAL FLAWS"
FLAWTECH FOR ORDERING DETAILS
6 STANDARD
MAGNETIC PARTICLE
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 LIQUID PENETRANT
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403
www.FlawTech.com
KIT

The MT/PT Kit contains:


8 Plates and 2 Tees
20 Discontinuities , "REAL FLAWS", randomly placed

Specimens are packaged i n a FREE CARRYI NG CASE.


Complete with Document Package with "Flaw Truth" documented 10. Toe Crack in Single Vee 11. Toe Crack in Fillet
MT/PT, UT
by CAD drawings with a standard tolerance of +/- 0.150" (4mm). MT/PT, UT

The standard MT/PT Kit contains 20 "real" flaws similar to those


shown in the cross section drawings below.

VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE OR CALL FOR PRICE INFORMATION 12. Root Crack in Single Vee 14. Centerline Crack, Single V ee
MT/PT, UT, RT (surface breaking)
MT/PT, UT, RT

16. Circumferential Crack in 17. Transverse Crack in Single 18. Base Metal Crack in Si ngle 19. Base Metal Crack in Si ngle 20. Crater Crack in Single V ee
Single Vee, flush c rown Vee, flush crown Vee (top HAZ area) Vee (bottom HAZ area) (surface stop-start area)
MT/PT, UT MT/PT, UT MT/ PT, UT MT/PT, UT MT/PT, VT

32. Porosity in Single V ee 33. Porosity in Fillet 51. Lamination in Weld Prep 53. Lack of Fusion in Single Vee 54. Lack of Fusion in Fill et
(surface breaking) (surface breaking) MT/PT (surface breaking at crow n) (surface breaking at crow n)
VT, MT/PT VT, MT/PT MT/PT, UT MT/PT

8"
(200mm)

Drawings
Not to 4"
55. Lack of Fusion in Single Vee 80. Overlap in Fillet (100mm)
(surface breaking at root)
MT/PT, UT
VT, MT/PT Scale
I.D. LABEL 8"
(200mm)
4"
(100mm)
4"
(100mm)

CROSS SECTION VIEW 0.25"


I.D.
LABEL REFERENCE EDGE (6mm)
CROSS SECTION VIEW
0.25"
(6mm) REFERENCE EDGE
Shipping Weight 35lbs
Broc-MT-A 10-08

CONTACT YOUR LOCAL NDT


ALL SPECIMENS CONTAIN
SUPPLIER OR
"REAL FLAWS"
FLAWTECH FOR ORDERING DETAILS
7
STANDARD
VISUAL
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
KIT
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403
www.FlawTech.com

I.D. 8"
LABEL
(200mm) The Visual Kit contains:
7 Plates and 3 Tees
4" 20 Discontinuities, "REAL FLAWS", randomly placed
(100mm)
Specimens are packaged i n a FREE CARRYI NG CASE.
complete with Document Package with "Flaw Truth" documented
CROSS SECTION VIEW
0.25" by CAD drawings with a standard tolerance of +/- 0.150" (4mm).
(6mm) REFERENCE EDGE

The standard Visual Examination Kit contains 20 flaws similar to


8" those shown in the cross section drawings below.
(200mm)

VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE OR CALL FOR PRICE INFORMATION


4"
(100mm)

4"
(100mm)

CROSS SECTION VIEW 20. Crater Crack in Single V ee 32. Porosity in Single V ee 33. Porosity in Fillet
I.D. 0.25" (surface stop-start area) (surface breaking) (surface breaking)
LABEL REFERENCE EDGE
(6mm) MT/PT, VT VT, MT/PT VT, MT/PT

Drawings Not to Scale

56. Incomplete Root Penetration 59. Incomplete Groove Weld


70. Root Concavity in Single Vee 71. Excess Root Penetration 72. Misalignment, Root & Crown
in Single Vee, VT, UT, RT (crown area)
VT, RT in Single Vee VT, RT in Single Vee VT, RT
VT, MT/PT, UT, RT

73. Uneven Leg Length in Fillet 74. Excess Crown in Single Vee 75. Excess Crown in Fil let 76. Concave Crown in Single V ee 77. Concave Crown in Fillet
VT VT VT VT VT

78. Undercut in Single V ee 79. Undercut in Fillet 80. Overlap in Fillet 90. Weld Spatter on Single Vee 91. Weld Spatter on Filler
VT VT VT, MT/PT VT, RT VT, RT

Shipping Weight 35lbs


Broc-VT-A 10-08

CONTACT YOUR LOCAL NDT


ALL SPECIMENS CONTAIN
SUPPLIER OR
"REAL FLAWS"
FLAWTECH FOR ORDERING DETAILS
8 NDT
DEMONSTRATION
KIT
The NDT Demonstration Kit contains: APPLICABLE NDT
METHOD UT RT MT PT VT
1 Pipe, 3 Plates and 1 Tee
11 Discontinuities, "REAL FLAWS", randomly placed 11 - Toe Crack (fillet) X X X
15 - Center Line Crack X X
Specimens are packaged in a FREE CARRYING CASE. The
"Flaw Truth" is documented on CAD drawings with a standard 18 - Base Metal Crack X X X
tolerance of +/- 0.150" (4mm). 19 - Base Metal Crack X X X
This Kit contains actual X-Ray film for RT specimens and a 20 - Crater Crack X X X
"Flaw Locator" for UT specimens. 30 - Porosity (single vee) X X
This standard NDT Demonstration Kit contains 11 flaws in 5 32 - Porosity (surface) X X X
specimens. The flaws in these specimens can be examined by 37 - Slag Inclusion X X
several different NDT methods to demonstrate the advantages
and disadvantages of each NDT method. See Kit Price List for
54 - Lack of Fusion X X
cost and listings of other flaw types available only from FlawTech. 57 - Incomplete Root X X
VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE OR CALL FOR PRICE INFORMATION 71 - Excess Root X X

8"
I.D. LABEL
(200mm)
REFERENCE DATUM
I.D. LABEL 8"
(200mm) CROSS SECTION
VIEW 4"
(100mm)
4"
(100mm)
0.337"
(8.6mm)
4"
8" (100mm)
0.25" & 0.625" CROSS SECTION VIEW (200mm)
4.5"
(6mm & 16mm) REFERENCE EDGE (114mm)

CROSS SECTION VIEW 0.25"


Drawings Not to Scale I.D.
LABEL
REFERENCE EDGE
(6mm)

Demonstration Kit Flaw and Weld Prep Cross Sections

11. Toe Crack in Fillet 15. Center Line Crack in Double 18. Base Metal Crack in 19. Base Metal Crack in root
MT/PT, UT Vee (sub-surface) UT, RT Single Vee MT/ PT, UT HAZ. MT/PT, UT

20. Crater Crack (crown stop- 30. Porosity in Single Vee 32. Porosity in Single Vee 37. Slag Inclusion in Single
start area) MT/PT, VT (sub-surface) UT, RT (surface) VT, MT/PT Vee, UT, RT

FlawTech Inc.
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NC 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401
54. Lack of Fusion in Fillet 57. Incomplete Root Penetration 71. Excess Root in FAX: 704-795-4403
(surface breaking) MT/PT in Double Vee, UT, RT Single Vee RT, VT www.FlawTech.com
Shipping Weight 35lbs Broc-Demo-A 10-08
9
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
PRACTICAL EXAM
4486 RACEWAY DR. INTRODUCTION
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

UT & MT/PT PRACTICAL


EXAM SPECIMENS
LARGER THAN STANDARD
KIT SPECIMENS UT PRACTICAL
EXAM SPECIMENS
CUSTOMIZE YOUR SET 12 TO CHOOSE FROM
3 FLAWS PER SPECIMEN
PURCHASE 1,2, 3 OR 12
PURCHASE INDIVIDUAL
BUY 3 OR MORE AND SPECIMENS
RECEIVE 10% OFF & OR MIXED GROUPS
A “FREE” CARRYING CASE MT/PT PRACTICAL
EXAM SPECIMENS
CUSTOM EXAM SPECIMENS 12 TO CHOOSE FROM
AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST 3 FLAWS PER SPECIMEN

REVIEW THE FOLLOWING UT & MT/PT PRACTICAL


EXAM BROCHURES FOR MORE DETAILS

FLAWTECH PRACTICAL
EXAM SPECIMENS
ARE DESIGNED TO:
ENHANCE THE TRAINING &
QUALIFICATION OF LEVEL I & II
PERSONNEL WITH REGARDS TO
SNT-TC-1A, EN473 & PCN.

ASSIST WITH BASIC FLAW


DETECTION, SIZING AND
INTERPRETATION USING COMMON
WELD GEOMETRIES AND FLAW
TYPES.

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS


10 ULTRASONIC
Flaw Manufacturing Technology PRACTICAL EXAM
4486 RACEWAY DR. SPECIMENS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

PLATES & SHEETS BAR & ROD STOCK BAR & ROD STOCK
P101 P102 P103

0.75" x 8" x 10" plate 1.5" OD x 12" 4" OD x 6"


L/R 90° ELBOW TO PIPE NODE TO PLATE WELD PIPE TO SOCKET WELD
P104 P105 P106

4"
2"
6"
90° 8"
6"

8"
2" SCH160 (.344" wall) 2" SCH160 to .375" PLATE 2" SCH160 PIPE to COUPLING
WELDED PLATE WELDED PLATE WELDED PIPING
P107 P108 P109

12" 6"

8" 10
"
0.5" x 8" x 12" 1.0" x 6" x 10" 4.5" OD x 0.531" x 8"
LAP JOINT FORGED PIPE FLANGE WELDED TEE
P110 P111 P112

12"

8"

6"

0.5" x 12" x 6" 6" OD x 0.75" thick 0.5" x 8" x 8" x 4"

Specimen Details:
q 3 Flaws per Specimen q Specimens are Carbon Steel
q "REAL FLAWS" in Each Specimen q Custom Specimens Available
q Document Package w/ Each Specimen q <10% for the Purchase of 3+
q Standard Tolerance +/- 0.150" (4mm) q FREE Carrying Case w/ 3+
q Blank Specimens Available q Visit FlawTech Website or Call
For Price Information
11
MT / PT
Flaw Manufacturing Technology PRACTICAL EXAM
4486 RACEWAY DR. SPECIMENS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

CAST FITTING MACHINED SPINDLE BOLT & NUT


P001 P002 P003
P001

Top
View

End Front
View View

2.0" to 1.3" reducer, 5" long 1.75" diameter x 8" 1.25" OD x 6"
FORGED EYE HOOK FORGED SHACKLE & PIN FORMED METAL PLATE
P004 P005 P006

2.75"

3"
4"

6" long with 2" eye 4.25" with 0.75" pin 0.25" x 4"

WELDED PLATE WELDED PIPING FORGED PIPE FLANGE


P007 P008 P009

12"

0.25" x 8" x 12" 4.5" OD x 0.25" x 8" 6" OD x 0.75" thick


MACHINED GEAR WELDED TEE PIPE to SOCKET WELD
P010 P011 P012

2"
6"
8"

4.6" diameter x 1.5" bore 0.25" x 8" x 8" x 4" 2" SCH160 PIPE to COUPLING
Visio Exam MTBroc 2009

Specimen Details:
q 3 Flaws per specimen q Specimens are carbon steel
q "REAL FLAWS" in each specimen q Custom Specimens Available
q Each Specimen has Document Package q <10% for the Purchase of 3+
q Standard Tolerance +/- 0.15" (4mm) q FREE Carrying Case w/ 3+
q Blank Specimens available q Visit FlawTech Website or Call
For Price Information
12
13
ADVANCED
Flaw Manufacturing Technology SPECIMENS
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ADVANCED SPECIMENS
PLATES PIPES TEES Y’s NODES NOZZLES
PART SPECIMEN DIMENSIONS SPECIMEN
NUMBER TYPE (INCHES) DETAILS

UA-001 PLATE W/SV 0.5 X 12 X 12 LARGER THAN OUR


UT UT UT UT UT UT

UA-002 PLATE W/SV 0.75 X 12 X 12


UA-003 PLATE W/SV 1.0 X 12 X 16 PRACTICAL EXAM
DESIGNED FOR SHEAR WAVE

UA-004 PLATE W/DV 1.25 X 12 X 17 SPECIMENS


UA-005 PIPE W/SV 6 SCH120 X 12
UA-006 PIPE W/SV 6 SCHXXH X 12
UA-007 PIPE W/SV 8 SCH80 X 12
UA-008 PIPE W/SV 12 SCH80s X 12 ADVANCED
UA-009 PIPE W/SV 12 SCH120 X 12 SPECIMENS
UA-010 TEE W/SV 1.0 X 8 X 8 X 12 TOLERANCE+/- 0.080“
UA-011 TEE W/DV 1.0 X 8 X 8 X 12
UA-012 TEE W/DV 1.25 X 9 X 9 X 12
UA-013 Y-JOINT (60°) 1.25 X 9 X 9 X 12
UA-014 NODE & 10 SCH120 X 10 COMPLETE
CARRIER 1.0 X 20 X 20 DOCUMENT PACKAGE
UA-015 NOZZLE & 8 SCH80 X 10 INCLUDED
CARRIER 1.0 X 20 X 20
(set-trough)

RA-001 PLATE W/SV 0.375 X 12 X 12 3 REAL FLAWS


RT RT RT

RA-002 PLATE W/DV 0.625 X 12 X 12


RA-003 PLATE W/SV 0.75 X 12 X 12 PER SPECIMEN
RA-004 PLATE W/SV 1.0 X 12 X 16 RANDOMLY PLACED
RA-005 PLATE W/DV 1.0 X 12 X 16
RA-006 PIPE W/SV 2 SCH80 X 12
RA-007 PIPE W/SV 6 SCH120 X 12 MATERIAL
RA-008 PIPE W/SV 12 SCH80 X 12
CARBON STEEL
CUSTOM SPECIMENS
MA-001 PLATE W/SV 0.375 X 12 X 12 AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST
MT/PT & VT

MA-002 PIPE W/SV 6 SCH80 X 12


MA-003 PIPE W/SV 12 SCH40 X 12
MA-004 TEE W/SV 0.375 X 6 X 6 X 12
MA-005 Y-JOINT (60°) 0.375 X 6 X 6 X 12 VISIT FLAWTECH
MA-006 NODE & 10 SCH40 X 10 WEBSITE FOR PRICE
CARRIER 0.5 X 16 X 16 INFORMATION
MA-007 NOZZLE & 8 SCH60 X 10
CARRIER 0.5 X 16 X 16
(SET-TROUGH)
FLAWTECH
ET

ET-001 PLATE(no weld) 0.25 X 4 X 12 “THE GLOBAL


ET-002 PLATE W/SV 0.25 X 4 X 12 (4 flaws)
STANDARD”
THESE SPECIMENS ARE DESIGNED FOR:
TRAINING & QUALIFICATION OF LEVEL I & II PERSONNEL WITH REGARDS TO SNT-TC-1A, EN473 & PCN
FLAW DETECTION, SIZING & INTERPRETATION USING COMMON WELD GEOMETRIES AND FLAW TYPES.

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS


14
API-UT-1 FLAWED
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR. SPECIMEN KIT
REV. 10-08
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

API-UT-1 QUALIFICATION SPECIMENS


FOR UT EXAMINATION OF FERRITIC WELDS

API-UT-1KIT CONTAINS:
TOTAL OF 1 - 1.0” THICK PLATE W/ DOUBLE VEE (1” X 12” X 15”)
1 - 0.5” THICK PLATE W/ SINGLE VEE (0.5” X 10” X 12”)
4 1 - 8” SCH 80 PIPE (0.5” WALL X 12”, 360°)
SPECIMENS 1 - 12” SCH 80 PIPE (0.688” WALL X 12”, 180° SEG.)

API KIT - COMPLETE DOCUMENT PACKAGE W/ CAD DRAWINGS


- 3 “REAL” FLAWS PER SPECIMEN
STANDARD - FLAWTECH ADVANCED TOLERANCE +/- 0.080”
FEATURES - SPECIMENS ARE CARBON STEEL

w Tech Origina
la l

AF
FlawTech

Kit
VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE FOR PRICE INFORMATION
EST. 1982

- 10% ID / OD CALIBRATION NOTCHES


API KIT - 0.75” X 4.5” X 6” ASME SEC. V BASIC CAL. BLOCK
CUSTOM - 8” SCH 80 (0.5” WALL) X 8” PIPE ASME SEC. V ANGLE
OPTIONS BEAM CALIBRATION BLOCK
- RADIOGRAPHS

“REAL FLAWS”
USED IN KIT SPECIMENS
LACK OF PENETRATION
CENTER LINE CRACK
SLAG INCLUSION
LACK OF FUSION
ROOT CRACK
POROSITY

CUSTOM
AND
LEASE
OPTIONS
LOCKING STORAGE BOX AVAILABLE

AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST


15
API RP-2X
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
SPECIMEN KIT
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 5-07

TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

API RP-2X PRACTICE SPECIMENS


AS DETAILED IN API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE 2X

SET OF 3, API RP-2X FLAWED SPECIMENS


RECOMMENDED FOR TECHNICIAN PRACTICE
OF UT FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURE’S

SPECIMEN SPECIFICATIONS
90° “T” CONNECTION
0.75” (T) x 20” (WELD LENGTH) x 4” x 8” LEG
45° CONNECTION
0.75” (T) x 20” (WELD LENGTH) x 4” x +8” LEG
60° CONNECTION
0.75” (T) x 20” (WELD LENGTH) x 4” X +8” lEG
w Tech Origina
la l
AF

FlawTech
Kit

FLAW SPECIFICATIONS
EST. 1982
EACH SPECIMEN CONTAINS 4 FLAWS / 12 TOTAL
API LEVEL “C” CRITERIA USED FOR FLAW DESIGN
FLAW ACCEPT / REJECT BASED ON API RP-2X, FIG. 45 & 48
ULTRASONICS WILL NOT BE USED TO DETERMINE ACCEPTABILITY

CUSTOM AND LEASE OPTIONS AVAILABLE


16
AWS / CWI VISUAL
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR. SPECIMEN KIT
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08

TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

AWS / CWI VISUAL SPECIMENS


DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS BASED ON AWS D1.1

AWS / CWI KIT FLAWS


KIT CONTAINS - UNDERCUT
10 SPECIMENS - CRATER CRACK

REAL FLAWS

REAL FLAWS
- EXCESSIVE CONVEXITY
- UNDERSIZE LEG
4 - TEES 4” X 6” X 2” X 0.25” - CLUSTER POROSITY
- ARC STRIKE
4 - PLATES 4” X 6” 0.25” - OVERLAP
2 - EDGE & LAP JOINTS - LONGITUDINAL CRACK
- ALIGNED POROSITY
4” X 6” X 0.3125” - INCOMPLETE PENETRATION
- EXCESSIVE REINFORCEMENT
- UNDERFILL
AWS/CWI KIT - CONCAVITY
DESIGN - TRANSVERSE CRACK
- OVERSIZE LEG
FEATURES AWS / CWI KIT FLAWS
2 FLAWS PER SPECIMEN
w Tech Origina
FLAW’S ARE RANDOMLY PLACED
la l
AF

FlawTech

Kit
FLAW’S ARE “BORDER LINE”
ACCEPTABLE OR REJECTABLE
CARBON STEEL SPECIMENS EST. 1982
WELDING PROCESS - SMAW
DOCUMENT PACKAGE W/ CAD DRAWINGS
“FREE” CARRYING CASE
DESIGNED SPECIFICALLY FOR
VISUAL WELD INSPECTION
TRAINING

VISIT FLAWTECH
WEBSITE OR CALL
FOR PRICE
INFORMATION

CUSTOM AND LEASE OPTIONS AVAILABLE


AWS / CWI PLUS
17
Flaw Manufacturing Technology PT ENDORSEMENT
4486 RACEWAY DR. KIT REV. 10-08
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

AWS / CWI PENETRANT SPECIMENS


DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS BASED ON AWS D1.1

AWS/CWI CERTIFIED KIT


KIT CONTAINS FLAWTECH WORKED
10 SPECIMENS IN CONJUNCTION WITH

REAL FLAWS
REAL FLAWS
2 - PLATES 4” X 6” X 0.25” AWS AND EPRI IN THE
1 - PIPE 4”SCH80 X 6” DEVELOPMENT OF
1 - TEE 4” X 6” X 2” X 0.25” THIS KIT.
1 - SOCKET WELD 2”SCH80 X 6” THE KIT HAS BEEN
5 - PLATES 1” X 4” X 0.25” DESIGNED TO
INCORPORATE BOTH
BASIC PENETRANT
AWS/CWI PLUS TRAINING AND
KIT DESIGN TESTING OF THE CWI.
FEATURES AWS/CWI CERTIFIED KIT

2+ FLAWS PER SPECIMEN w Tech Origina


la l
KIT CONTAINS A TOTAL OF
AF

FlawTech
Kit
25 SURFACE BREAKING FLAWS
CARBON STEEL SPECIMENS EST. 1982
WELDING PROCESS - SMAW
“FREE” CARRYING CASE
DOCUMENT PACKAGE CONTAINS
“AS BUILT” CAD DRAWINGS
& BLANK TEST SHEETS
DESIGNED SPECIFICALLY FOR
PENETRANT WELD INSPECTION
TRAINING

VISIT FLAWTECH
WEBSITE OR CALL
FOR PRICE
INFORMATION

CUSTOM AND LEASE OPTIONS AVAILABLE


18
SOCKET WELD
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
SPECIMEN KIT
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 5-07

TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

SOCKET WELD SPECIMENS


PIPE TO FITTING WELD & PIPE TO VESSEL WELD

SET OF 6 SOCKET WELD SPECIMENS


DESIGNED AND RECOMMENDED
FOR TECHNICIAN PRACTICE INSPECTION OF VENT,
DRAIN LINE AND MISCELLANEOUS SOCKET WELDS

3 ALLOY SPECIMEN
OPTIONS SPECIFICATIONS
304 S/S 0.75” SCH80
316 S/S 1.0” SCH 80
106 C/S 2.0” SCH 80

2 SPECIMENS FLAW
PER PIPE SIZE SPECIFICATIONS
(1) PIPE TO 2 FLAWS EACH
SOCKET SPECIMEN
COUPLING TOTAL OF 12
(1) PIPE TO REAL FLAWS
1.5”x6”x6” FATIGUE & HAZ
PLATE w/ CRACKS and
MACHINED LACKS OF
SOCKET FUSION

wT alech Origin
PURCHASE OPTIONS la
AF

FlawTech
Kit

KIT / Set Contains 6 Specimens EST. 1982


INDIVIDUALLY / Purchase 1 or more
CUSTOMIZE YOUR SET / Mix Different Alloys

CUSTOM AND LEASE OPTIONS AVAILABLE


19
BOILER TUBE
Flaw Manufacturing Technology DAMAGE KIT
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08

TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

OFFICIALLY
LICENSED BY

OFFICIALLY NAMED THE BOILER TUBE DAMAGE KIT,


THE EPRI LICENSED KIT CONTAINS:
19 BOILER TUBES: REPRESENTING A COMPLETE RANGE OF FOSSIL- FIRED
BOILER TUBE FAILURE MECHANISMS - STEAM AND WATER TOUCHED

TUBE SPECIFICATIONS: 18 TUBES AT 2.5”OD X 0.25” WALL X 8” LONG AND


1 TUBE AT 1.5” X 0.25” WALL X 8” LONG

MATERIAL: 17 TUBES ARE SA513 T5 GR1020/1026 C/S, 1 TUBE IS 304/304L


AND THERE IS 1 DISSIMILAR METAL WELD

FLAWS / INDICATIONS
- LONG TERM OVEREATING/CREEP
- FIRE SIDE CORROSION (COAL)
- TOE CRACK, STRESS CORROSION (STAINLESS)
- SOOT BLOWER EROSION
w Tech Origina
l
- FATIGUE CRACK (TOE)
- MAINTENANCE DAMAGE la

AF
FlawTech

Kit
- PITTING
- RUBBING/FRETTING EST. 1982
- CHEMICAL CLEANING DAMAGE (THINNING & PITTING)
- MATERIAL FLAW (FORGING LAP)
- CORROSION FATIGUE CRACK
- FLY ASH EROSION, HYDROGEN DAMAGE
- ACID PHOSPHATE CORROSION
- CAUSTIC GOUGING
- SUPERCRITICAL WATERWALL CRACKING (1.5” OD TUBE)
- WELD DEFECTS (LACK OF FUSION & POROSITY)
- GRAPHITIZATION

MEMBERS OF THE EPRI PROGRAM 63 CAN PURCHASE THE BOILER TUBE DAMAGE
KIT AT A DISCOUNTED RATE. SIMPLY CONTACT FLAWTECH.
USE THIS KIT TO ASSIST IN THE TRAINING AND QUALIFYING OF NDE TECHNICIANS
TO ACCURATELY IDENTIFY SPECIFIC BOILER TUBE DAMAGE FOUND IN FOSSIL PLANTS.
20
ASME SECTION XI
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
APPENDIX VII KIT
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

8 PIECE CONTAINS 20 FOR TRAINING &


SPECIMEN SET “REAL FLAWS” QUALIFICATION

2 - WELDED PLATES 2 - WELDED PLATES 1 - WELDED PIPE


ONE CARBON STEEL PLATE: #A7-CS-005 ONE CARBON STEEL PLATE: #A7-CS-010 ONE STAINLESS PIPE: #A7-SS-020
ONE STAINLESS PLATE: #A7-SS-005 ONE STAINLESS PLATE: #A7-SS-010

12" 12"
0.5"
1.0"

2.375"
10" 10"

0.5” X 10” X 12” 1.0” X 10” X 12” 2” SCH160 X 12”


1 - WELDED PIPE 1 - WELDED PIPE 1 - WELDED PIPE
ONE CARBON STEEL PIPE: #A7-CS-040 ONE STAINLESS PIPE: #A7-SS-060 ONE CARBON STEEL PIPE: #A7-CS-100
(180° SEGMENT)

10.75"
4.50" 6.625"

4” SCH160 X 12” 6” SCH160 X 12” 10” SCH160 X 12”


SAMPLE OF “FLAW TRUTH” DOCUMENTATION
-X +X w Tech Origina
FLAWTECH HAS
la l
DESIGNED
AF

FlawTech

Kit
THIS KIT TO BE
A COST- FLAW Z EST. 1982
EFFECTIVE 0.72"
FLAW FLAW
SOLUTION (18mm)
VISIT FLAWTECH
FOR YOUR FLAW WEBSITE OR
TRAINING AND
CALL FOR PRICE
QUALIFICATION
INFORMATION
each grid = 0.1" (2.5mm)

KIT SPECIFICATIONS
EACH SPECIMEN CONTAINS 2 TO 4 “REAL FLAWS” DESIGNED TO MEET
APPENDIX VII SPECIFICATIONS.
SPECIMENS ARE MANUFACTURED TO FLAWTECH’S ADVANCED TOLERANCE
OF +/- 0.080”.
NO TWO SPECIMENS ARE ALIKE. BUY TWO SETS, ONE FOR TRAINING AND ONE
FOR TESTING.
DOCUMENT PACKAGE INCLUDES CAD DRAWINGS, CERTIFICATES OF CONFORMANCE
AND NDT REPORTS.
CUSTOM OPTIONS AVAILABLE SUCH AS 10% NOTCHES, BLANK SPECIMENS AND THE
PURCHASE OF INDIVIDUAL FLAWED SPECIMENS. CONTACT FLAWTECH FOR MORE DETAILS.
21
ASME SECTION XI
Flaw Manufacturing Technology APPENDIX VIII KITS
4486 RACEWAY DR.
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027 REV. 10-08
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE, SECTION XI,


APPENDIX VIII, SUPPLEMENTS 2, 3 & 10 KITS
PIPE SPECIMEN UNFLAWED FLAWED
DIMENSIONS UNITS UNITS
2” SCH80 X 24” 360° 1 1
SUPPLEMENT 2 4” SCH80 X 24” 360° 3 1
CRITICAL
KIT FOR 6” SCH160 X 24” 360° 4 2 TOLERANCE
AUSTENITIC 12”SCH80s X 24” 360° 9 3 +/- 0.040” (1MM)
PIPING 24”SCH80s X 24” 120° 5 3
KIT TOTAL - 5 SPECIMENS 22 10

2” SCH80 X 24” 360° 1 1


w Tech Origina
SUPPLEMENT 3 4” SCH80 X 24” 360° 3 1 la l

AF
FlawTech

Kit
KIT FOR 6” SCH160 X 24” 360° 4 2
EST. 1982
FERRITIC 12”SCH80s X 24” 360° 9 3
PIPING 24”SCH80s X 24” 120° 5 3
KIT TOTAL - 5 SPECIMENS 22 10

4” SCH80 X 24” 360° 3 2


SUPPLEMENT 10 6” SCH160 X 24” 360° 4 2 VISIT FLAWTECH
KIT FOR 8” SCH80 X 24” 360° 6 3 WEBSITE OR
DISSIMILAR CALL FOR PRICE
12”SCH80s X 24” 180° 4 4 INFORMATION
METAL WELDS
24”SCH80s X 24” 90° 4 4
KIT TOTAL - 5 SPECIMENS 21 15

KIT AND FLAW DETAILS:


The KITS ARE MANUFACTURED TO MEET THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS OF
ASME, BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE, SECTION XI, APPENDIX VIII, OF
SUPPLEMENTS 2, 3 & 10.

AT LEAST 50% OF THE CRACKS WILL BE COINCIDENT WITH FABRICATED


CONDITIONS, SUCH AS: GROUND & AS-WELDED CROWNS, COUNTERBORES &
WELD ROOT CONDITIONS.

FLAW DEPTHS WILL RANGE FROM THE 10 - 30% THROUGH THE 61 - 100%
DEPTH RANGES AS SPECIFIED IN ASME SECTION XI, APPENDIX VIII.

ALL FLAWS WILL BE MECHANICAL FATIGUE OR THERMAL FATIGUE CRACKS,


WITH AT LEAST 75% OF THE CRACKS BEING THERMAL FATIGUE.

CONTACT FLAWTECH FOR QUOTES


ON CUSTOM APPENDIX VIII SPECIMENS
4486 Raceway Dr. Concord, North Carolina USA 28027
Tel: 704.795.4401 Fax: 704.795.4403 Web: www.flawtech.com
22

FLAW IMPLANT TECHNIQUES Coupon Implant- This process has the advantage of producing the
flaw in a small coupon in the laboratory and then implanting the
FlawTech has the capability to use several methods to implant flaws coupon into the mockup. The disadvantage is that precise mechanical
in a variety of configurations for nondestructive testing applications. dimensions are usually not possible and the coupon is surrounded by
In the following data we have described a few of these methods so weld metal which may introduce additional UT reflectors.
you may gain a better understanding of our flaw manufacturing
possibilities. Stainless Steel
Carbon Steel Stainless Steel
Weld
In-Situ Implant- This technique has been the corner stone of flaw Coupon
manufacturing for many years and usually involves thermal or SS Implant
mechanical fatigue cracks. The important characteristic is that the Buttering
IGSCC or Thermal
flaw occurs in virgin base material (i.e. HAZ) so that UT energy can SS Clad Fatigue Crack
impinge directly on the crack face without traveling through weld
metal. The process allows for precise mechanical dimensions of the TYPICAL COUPON IMPLANT IN WELD MATERIAL
flaw face to be taken prior to implant. As shown below, this technique Controlled Flaw- This is a unique proprietary process developed by
allows the crack to be "branched" and this is the best way to replicate FlawTech to progressively extend a "crack-like" indication in any area
the UT signal from IGSCC. in carbon steel and within the weld groove in stainless steel or Inconel.
This process is often used in the production of "Dissimilar Metal"
specimens.
Carbon Steel Stainless Steel Stainless Steel
Weld
SS Buttering Weld-Solidification Crack- This technique is occasionally used
In-Situ Implants when a crack is desired within the weld groove. The weld is
Mechanical "contaminated" by changing weld chemistry in a designated area to
Fatigue Crack Branched Thermal or
Mechanical Fatigue Crack produce a crack. Disadvantages include uncertainty about the
SS Clad
orientation and extent of cracking and crack size.
TYPICAL IN-SITU FATIGUE CRACK IMPLANT IN PIPING
HIP (Hot Isostatic Process)- This technique is used to tighten the
tips of manufactured flaws. HIP is also used to tighten EDM Notches
in an effort to make them look like cracks. Disadvantages include
Excavation Carbon Steel uncertainty as to how the grain structure of the base metal is affected
Area Vessel and the characteristics of the UT response to an EDM notch. This
process also adds time and cost to the manufacturing process.
In-Situ Implant
Mechanical Fatigue Crack in In addition to the aforementioned, FlawTech uses a variety of other
Base Material & Cladding SS Clad basic techniques for implanting slag, porosity, lack of fusion, under
bead cracking, etc. FlawTech offers 3 levels of tolerance; Standard
TYPICAL IN-SITU FATIGUE CRACK IMPLANTS IN VESSEL MATERIAL +/- 0.150", Advanced +/- 0.080" and Critical +/- 0.040", contact
FlawTech for more details.
23
UT CALIBRATION
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
BLOCKS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ULTRASONIC CALIBRATION BLOCKS


4-STEP BLOCK
Thickness and linearity calibration. This 4-Step block comes in thicknesses
of .250”, .500”, .750”, and 1.000”. Step face measures .750”x.750”. In
accordance with ASTM E797. Two metric versions available.(4A and 4B)
NOTE: Variations of this block and the 5-Step block below are available if
additional steps are preferred. Also, larger step faces are offered for use
with large diameter transducers.
5-STEP BLOCK
Thickness and linearity calibration. This 5-Step block comes in thicknesses
of .100”, .200”, .300”, .400 and .500”. Step face measures .750”x.750”. In
accordance with ASTM E797. Two metric versions available.(5A and 5B).

DSC Block
AWS-type clock used for shear wave distance and sensitivity calibration.
Contains a 1.0” radius opposite a 3.0” radius. The 3.0” radius includes a
.375” deep x .032” wide radius slot. Also contains a 0° reference point for
checking exit point on wedge, and a .125” diameter through hole and
corresponding markings at 45°, 60°, and 70° for measuring actual refracted
angle. In accordance with ASTM E164 and AWS 6.16.1B. Metric version
available. Special DSC blocks with radius scanning surfaces for NPS sizes
also offered. In Stock.
Dimensions: 1.000” thick x 4.000” long

AWS Resolution Block (RC Block)


Also called an RC Block, the AWS Resolution Reference Block is used for
checking resolution capabilities of angle beam transducers. Contains three
sets of .0625” diameter through-holes for 45°, 60°, and 70°. In accordance
with AWS Welding Highway and Railway Bridges specification D2.0-69, and
Structural Welding Code ANSI/AWS D1.1- 92. Metric version available. In
Stock.
Dimensions: 1.0"x3.0"x6.0”
DS Block
AWS-type block used for longitudinal distance and sensitivity calibration.
Contains a 2.0” high section between two 4.0” sections. In accordance with
AWS requirements.
Dimensions: 6.0”x4.0”x2.0”

Contact FlawTech for all your Standard and


Custom Calibration Block Needs
*all materials available upon request*
24
UT CALIBRATION
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
BLOCKS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ULTRASONIC CALIBRATION BLOCKS

PDI ALTERNATIVE ASME CALIBRATION BLOCKS

The new PDI Alternative ASME blocks meet the requirements of the Performance Demonstration
Initiatice(PDI) Procedure No. PDI-UT-1, Rev. C, Fig. 4(Ferritic) and PDI-UT-2, Rev. C,
Fig.4(Austenitic). These cover the generic procedures for the ultrasonic examination of both ferritic
and austenitic pipe welds. The blocks offer users an economical alternative to fabricating multiple
curved cal blocks (pipe sections) in many diameters and wall thicknesses.

The blocks are normally supplied in sets of 3 individual blocks; one in A516 Grade 70 Steel, one in
Type 304/304L Stainless Steel, and one in Type 316/316L Stainless Steel. Individual blocks of any
one alloy are also offered.

Block design consists of steps(wall thicknesses) measuring 0.500", 1.000", 1.500", and 2.000".
Each step contains an EDM machined to a depth of 10% of wall x .010" wide x 2.0" long. Overall
block size is 2.00" wide x 2.25" tall x 10.00" long. The scanning and reflecting surfaces are
intentionally machined to simulate pipe and plate surfaces of 250 Ra maximum finish. Each block
is permanently machine-engraved on one edge to include the block description, serial no., alloy,
heat no., and FlawTech. The blocks are made from ultrasonically inspected, heat number-
traceable material supplied to FlawTech.

Contact FlawTech for all your Standard and


Custom Calibration Block Needs
*all materials available upon request*
All Blocks Available In: CS 1018, AL 7075-T6, & SS 304
*all other materials available upon request*
25
UT CALIBRATION
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
BLOCKS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ULTRASONIC CALIBRATION BLOCKS


EPRI CS-4774 Basic Calibration Block
Used for establishment of primary reference responses for UT examination of welds. Block contains three axial SDHs
and two circ SDHs at 1.5" deep. Also contains one 1/8" diameter FBH at 0.5" deep and four notches at .031" deep x
.063" wide x 1.5" long. In accordance with EPRI CS-4774, Fig. A-3

ASME Sec. XI Basic Piping Calibration Block


Complete manufacture of the ASME Section XI Blocks including: supplying of pipe, machining of OD/ID(if needed),
cladding(if needed), machining of all notches and side-drilled holes(SDH), machine engraving of all essential info
including alloy, specification, diameter, wall thickness, and serial number. Blocks normally contain: one axial OD notch,
one axial ID notch, one circumferential OD notch, one circ ID notch, three axial SDHs at 1/4, 1/2, and 3/4T, and three
circ SDHs at 1/4, 1/2, and 3/4T. Can also be made from customer supplied material. We can upgrade your existing
blocks to Sec. XI requirements by adding needed holes and notches.

Contact FlawTech for all your Standard and


Custom Calibration Block Needs
*all materials available upon request*
26
UT CALIBRATION
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
BLOCKS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

PDI UT 10 CALIBRATION BLOCK SET

2” CIRC. BLOCK FOR ANGLES </= 50° 4” CIRC. BLOCK FOR ANGLES </= 50°

2” CONTOUR BLOCK FOR AXIAL SCANS 4” CONTOUR BLOCK FOR AXIAL SCANS

12 - 24 CONTOURED PROBE BLOCK 12” STAINLESS PIPE SEGMENT BLOCK

BLOCKS ARE BASED ON EPRI DESIGN

304 STAINLESS STEEL MATERIAL

BLOCKS MAY BE PURCHASED AS SET


OR INDIVIDUALLY

VISIT FLAWTECH WEBSITE OR CALL


FOR PRICE INFORMATION

24” STAINLESS PIPE SEGMENT BLOCK

Contact FlawTech for all your Standard and


Custom Calibration Block Needs
*all materials available upon request*
27
UT CALIBRATION
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
BLOCKS
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

OVERLAY STEP WEDGE

STEP WEDGE IS BASED ON EPRI DESIGN FOR UTILITIES

CONTAINS 7 SDH’S, 5 FBH’S AND 5 EDM NOTCHES

BASE METAL AND OVERLAY SPECIFIED BY CUSTOMER

CONTACT FLAWTECH FOR MORE DETAILS AND PRICE INFORMTION

Contact FlawTech for all your Standard and


Custom Calibration Block Needs
*all materials available upon request*
28
Revision of NASA/General Dynamics
NDT Training Series
The Industry Standard for Basic NDT Training
Level I Programmed Instruction Handbooks
Author ISBN No. Editiion Order # New Low Price

Introduction to NDT Smilie 978-1-886630-00-0 1999 PI-1 $18.00


Liquid Penetrant Testing Smilie 978-1-886630-01-7 1998 PI-2 $18.00
Magnetic Particle Testing Smilie - 978-1-886630-22-2 2 Vol. Set 1997 PI-3 $32.00
Ultrasonic Testing Smilie - 978-1-886630-03-1 3 Vol. Set 1999 PI-4 $49.00
Eddy Current Testing Cox - 978-1-886630-21-5 2 Vol. Set 1997 PI-5 $32.00

Level II Classroom Training Handbooks


Liquid Penetrant Testing Smilie 978-1-886630-14-7 1998 CT-2 $15.00
Magnetic Particle Testing Smilie 978-1-886630-15-4 1997 CT-3 $15.00
Ultrasonic Testing Smilie 978-1-886630-16-1 1995 CT-4 $15.00
Eddy Current Testing Cox 978-1-886630-17-8 1997 CT-5 $15.00

Level I-III McGraw Hill Reference Handbook


Handbook of Nondestructive Evaluation – Hellier 978-0-07-028121-9 2001 REF-1 $99.00

This classic series of General Dynamics Programmed Instruction and Classroom Training Handbooks
has been the standard of the NDT industry for many years and has been Updated with Current
Technology and is now available from the publisher, PH Diversified, Inc. or your local NDT Supplier.

Level I - Programmed Instruction Handbooks This


entry-level material is designed as self-study instruction with quizzes at the
end of each chapter to reinforce learning. The "Introduction to NDT" book
(PI-1) should be read prior to starting any of the other books in the series.
Typically, it takes about 10-12 hours to complete each volume of
Programmed Instruction (PI) text. Written examinations suitable for Level
I-II qualifications are included in the PI series.
Level II - Classroom Training Handbooks This material
is an extension of the information taught in the corresponding
Programmed Instruction Books, deleting some of the processing details
and adding tabular matter and other technical details. These texts are best
used in conjunction with classroom lectures after the student has
completed the Programmed Instruction Books.
Level I-III – Reference Handbook for NDE This McGraw
Hill publication is the ideal complement to any NDT/NDE training program
or reference library. The content was written and compiled by one of the
master trainers in the NDT industry, Mr. Charles J. Hellier.

Buy Direct and Save:


PH Diversified Inc. Publisher • 20% Discount for orders
4486 Raceway Drive # B totaling 20 or more books.
Concord, NC 28027
Phone: 704-795-4402 • Intl. orders require Credit
Fax: 704-436-8009 Card or a proforma invoice.
Email: DDavis@phdiversified.com • VISA, MC and AMEX
Next Day Shipping Possible
www.PHDiversified.com
29
PH Diversified, Inc.
INQUAL Division...NDE Performance Demonstration and Qualification Services
APPENDIX VIII PRACTICE SESSIONS
4 OPTIONS AVAILABLE
Basic Practice Session
Includes: Unlimited access to INQUAL's specimen inventory
1-2 people at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . $290
3-4 people at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . $380
5-6 people at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . $460
Specimen Lease for On-Site Practice Sessi on
Individual or multiple specimens may be leased and shipped to your facility.
Prices range from $75 to $175 including specimens a day plus freight cost.
See "Rental Price List" for more information.

Appendix VIII Hands-On Guided Practice Ses sion


Includes: Unlimited access to INQUAL's specimen inventory
One day of "Guided Practice Exercises" with a certificate to document compliance
with USNRC, ASME & PDI Guidelines.
$250 per person with a minimum of three and a maximum of 6 people.
Six (6) persons from the same company will cost $1095.
No charge for attendance of NDE instructor or PDI qualified administrator.

On-Site Appendix VIII Hands-On Guided Practice Se ssion

INQUAL proctor will provide approximately 15 specimens delivered to your site.


Proctor will also administer practice session.
Certificate of Completion for each technician completing 8 Hour Practice Session.
Proctor fee $75 per hour travel, $175 including specimens per hour On-Site and
$100 per diem plus fuel.

APPENDIX VIII QUALIFICATIONS


Performance Demonstration
Includes: Unlimited access to INQUAL's specimen inventory
1 person at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$ 1,300
2 people at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$ 1,600
3-4 people at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 2,000
5-6 people at INQUAL facility per 10 hour day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 2,700
INQUAL will review procedures, administer the Appendix VIII qualification
and provide full documentation in accordance with the ASME Code and the
user's "written program."
INQUAL's QA program complies with 10CFR50 and has been audited by NUPIC.
Contact INQUAL for a complete package of information.

Visio/pricelist\isi-inqual practice 10 -09

Contact: PH Diversified, Inc., 4486-B Raceway Dr., Concord, NC 28027


Tel: 704-795-4402 Fax: 704-436-8009 Email: dda vis@phdiversified.com
30
RENTAL
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
PRICE LIST
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ASME BPVC, SECTION XI, APPENDIX VIII

Supplement 2 - AUSTENITIC PIPING SPECIMENS


LOCATION SPEC # DIA WALL CROWN GEOMETRY # Flaws Notes Weight Cost/Day
FlawTech 02-02-14 2" 0.218" flush no 2 11 Lbs $50
FlawTech 02-04-01 4" 0.337" flush no 4 30 Lbs $50
FlawTech 02-04-02 4" 0.337" flush no 4 30 Lbs $50
FlawTech 02-06-01 6" 0.718" as-welded yes 4 91 Lbs $50
FlawTech 02-06-02 6" 0.718" as-welded yes 4 91 Lbs $50
FlawTech 02-08-01 8" 0.500" flush yes 4 87 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-08-02 8" 0.500" flush no 4 87 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-10-01 10" 0.594" as-welded yes 4 129 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-10-02 10" 0.594" as-welded yes 4 129 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-12-01 12" 1.125" as-welded yes 4 280 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-12-02 12” 1.125" as-welded yes 4 280 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-12-31 12" 1.125" as-welded yes 3 180° Seg 280 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-12-42 12" 1.312” flush no 4 *** Cast Stainless *** 320 Lbs $75
FlawTech 02-14-08 14" 0.750" blended yes 5 212 Lbs $100
FlawTech 02-14-09 14" 0.750" blended yes 5 212 Lbs $100
FlawTech 02-16-01 16" 1.219" flush yes 4 385 Lbs $100
FlawTech 02-16-02 16" 1.219" flush no 4 385 Lbs $100
FlawTech 02-18-07 18" 1.781” flush yes 3 130° Seg 205 Lbs $100
FlawTech 02-24-01 24" 2.00" flush no 3 120° Seg 322 Lbs $100
FlawTech 02-24-02 24" 2.00" flush no 3 120° Seg 322 Lbs $100

Supplement 3 - FERRITIC PIPING SPECIMENS


LOCATION SPEC # DIA WALL CROWN GEOMETRY # Flaws Notes Weigth Cost/Day
FlawTech 03-04-01 4" 0.337" flush no 4 30 Lbs $50
FlawTech 03-04-02 4" 0.337" flush no 4 30 Lbs $50
FlawTech 03-04-08 4" 0.337" flat-topped no 2 30 Lbs $50
FlawTech 03-06-03 6" 0.718" flush yes 4 91 Lbs $50
FlawTech 03-08-01 8" 0.500" as-welded yes 4 87 Lbs $75
FlawTech 03-12-01 12" 1.125" as-welded yes 4 280 Lbs $75
FlawTech 03-12-09 12" 0.688" flush yes 4 178 Lbs $75
FlawTech 03-12-11 12" 0.688" flush yes 4 178 Lbs $75
FlawTech 03-16-01 16" 1.593" flush yes 4 180° Seg 245 Lbs $100
FlawTech 03-18-02 18" 1.562" as-welded yes 2 120° Seg 182 Lbs $100
FlawTech 03-36-01 32" 3.125” flat-topped yex 4 90 ° Seg 535 Lbs $100

Supplement 10 - DISSIMILAR METAL SPECIMENS


LOCATION SPEC # DIA.-WALL-GEOMETRY Weight Cast/Day
FlawTech 10-04-01 4" Dia. 0.674" wall CS to SS with Inco butter and SS weld 56Lbs $75
FlawTech 10-04-03 4" Dia. 0.531" wall CS to SS with Inco butter and weld 46 Lbs $75
FlawTech 10-04-04 4" Dia. 0.337" wall CS to SS with Inco butter and weld 30 Lbs $75
FlawTech 10-07-02 7" Dia. 1.137" wall 180° Seg CS to Inco with Inco weld 75 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-08-06 8" Dia. 0.500” wall CS with Inco clad to SS with inco butter & weld 85 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-12-02 12" Dia. 1.125 wall 180° Seg CS with SS clad to Inco with Inco butter & weld 140 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-14-02 14" Dia. 1.094" wall 180° Seg CS with SS clad to SS pipe with Inco butter & weld 150 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-20-03 20" Dia. 1.125" wall 120° Seg CS pipe to Inconel pipe with Inconel weld 128 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-20-04 20" Dia. 1.125" wall 180° Seg CS pipe to Inconel pipe with Inconel weld 128 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-24-02 24" Dia. 1.531" wall 120° Seg CS pipe with SS clad to SS pipe with Inco weld Inco butter 245 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-24-03 24" Dia. 1.531" wall 120° Seg CS pipe with SS clad to SS pipe with Inco weld Inco butter 245 Lbs $100
FlawTech 10-40-02 40" Dia. 3.6" wall 60° Seg CS pipe to Inconel safe end, Inconel weld to Inconel pipe 400 Lbs $150
FlawTech 10-40-03 40" Dia. 3.6" wall 60° Seg CS pipe to Inconel safe end, Inconel weld to Inconel pipe 400 Lbs $150

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS


31
RENTAL
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
PRICE LIST
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

STANDARD FLAWED SPECIMEN KITS


Radiographic Testing Kit (RT Kit) - Part # RK-1
2 Each - Plates ( 0.625"T x 4"W x 8"L)
6 Each - Plates (0.375"T x 4"W x 8"L)
1 Each - Pipe (4" Dia. x 0.337" wall x 8" Long)
1 Each - Tee (0.375"T x 4"W x 4"H x 8"L)
65 Lbs
$80/day
Ultrasonic Testing Kit (UT Kit) - Part # UK-1
4 Each - Plates ( 0.625"T x 4"W x 8"L)
4 Each - Plates (0.375"T x 4"W x 8"L)
1 Each - Pipe (4" Dia. x 0.337" wall x 8" Long)
1 Each - Tee (0.375"T x 4"W x 4"H x 8"L)
65 Lbs
$80/day

Magnetic Particle / Liquid Penetrant Testing Kit (MT/PT Kit)- Part # MK-1
8 Each - Plates ( 0.250"T x 4"W x 8"L)
2 Each - Tee (0.250"T x 4"W x 4"H x 8"L)
35 Lbs
$80/day

Visual Testing Kit (VT Kit) - Part # VK-1


7 Each - Plates ( 0.250"T x 4"W x 8"L)
3 Each - Tee (0.250"T x 4"W x 4"H x 8"L)
35 Lbs
$80/day

NDT Demonstration Kit (Demo Kit) - Part # DK-1


(Contains 11 Flaws in 5 Specimens)
2 Each - Plates ( 0.625"T x 4"W x 8"L)
1 Each - Plates (0.375"T x 4"W x 8"L)

1 Each - Pipe (4" Dia. x 0.337" wall x 8" Long)


1 Each - Tee (0.375"T x 4"W x 4"H x 8"L)
35 Lbs
$60/day

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS


32
RENTAL
Flaw Manufacturing Technology
4486 RACEWAY DR.
PRICE LIST
REV. 11-08
CONCORD, NORTH CAROLINA USA 28027
TEL: 704-795-4401 FAX: 704-795-4403 WWW.FLAWTECH.COM

ADVANCED FLAWED SPECIMEN KITS FOR RENT

API-UT-1 Qualification Kit - Part # API-K1


4 Specimen Set
- 3 Real Flaws in each Specimen
- Advanced Flaw Tolerance
- Flaws include: LOF, Cracks, LOP, Porosity, etc.
Plate with Double Vee (1.0"T x 12"W x 15"L) 50 Lbs
Plate with Single Vee (0.5"T x 10"W x 12"L) 17 Lbs
Pipe with Single Vee (8" Sch 80 x 12"L) 44 Lbs
Pipe with Single Vee (12" Sch 80 x 12"L) 89 Lbs
Optional: 10% Notches, Sec.V Cal Blocks, X-rays, Storage Box
Total 200 Lbs
$200/Day
AWS / CWI Training Kit - Part # AWS-K1
10 Specimen Set
- Designed in accordance with AWS D1.1
- 2 Flaws in each specimen
- Free Carrying Case
- Document Package with CAD Drawings
- Flaws are designed to be "borderline" acceptable
4 Each - Welded Tee (0.25"T x 2"H x 4"W x 6"L) 2 Lbs Ea.
4 Each - Welded Plates (0.25"T x 4"W x 6"L) 2 Lbs Ea.
2 Each - Welded Edge Lap Joint (0.312"T x 4"W x 6"L) 2 Lbs Ea.
Total 35 Lbs
$80/Day
ASME Appendix VII Kit - Part # A7-K1
8 Specimen Set
- Designed in accordance with ASME Section XI, Appendix VII
- Each specimens contains between 2 and 4 real flaws
- All flaw locations are unique
- Document Package with CAD Drawings
A7-SS-005 Stainless Steel Welded Plate (0.5"T x 10"W x 12"L) 15 Lbs
A7-CS-005 Carbon Steel Welded Plate (0.5"T x 10"W x 12"L) 15 Lbs
A7-SS-010 Stainless Steel Welded Plate (1.0"T x 10"W x 12"L) 29 Lbs
A7-CS-010 Carbon Steel Welded Plate (1.0"T x 10"W x 12"L) 29 Lbs
A7-SS-020 Stainless Steel Welded Pipe (2" Sch 160 x 12"L) 8 Lbs
A7-CS-040 Carbon Steel Welded Pipe (4" Sch 160 x 12"L) 23 Lbs
A7-SS-060 Stainless Steel Welded Pipe (6" Sch 160 x 12"L) 44 Lbs
A7-CS-100 Carbon Steel Welded Pipe (10" Sch 160 x 12"Lx180°Seg)116Lbs
Total 300 Lbs
$400/Day

INDUSTRIES THAT USE FLAWTECH SPECIMENS