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7.75900.0002-xxxxxxxxxx msp.

November 2013

1.14783.0001 6. Preparation
• (1Analyze immediately after sampling. Otherwise preserve with nitric acid 65 %
ml nitric acid per 1 l of sample solution).
• Decolorize
Nickel Test Ni any yellow stained samples by filtering through activated char-
coal at pH 4. In the event that iron is the cause of the coloration, precipitate
this with ammonia solution as iron hydroxide and separate from the solution.
• Check TM
the nickel content with the MQuant Nickel Test.
Samples containing more than 10 mg/l Ni must be diluted with distilled water.
1. Method • The pH must be within the range 3 - 8.
Adjust, if necessary, with sodium hydroxide solution or sulfuric acid.
Determination with color-disk comparator
Nickel(II) ions are oxidized by iodine and then transformed with dimethylgly- • Filter strongly turbid samples.
oxime in an ammoniacal solution into a red-brown complex. The nickel concen-
tration is measured semiquantitatively by visual comparison of the color of the 7. Procedure
measurement solution with the color fields of a color disk.
Measurement Blank
2. Measuring range and number of determinations right-hand tube (A) left-hand tube (B)
behind the color behind the color
Measuring range / color-scale Number of disk disk
graduation determinations
Pretreated sample 6 ml 6 ml Inject into the test tube with
0.5 - 1.0 - 1.5 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 6 - 8 - 10 mg/l Ni 500 (10 - 40 °C) the syringe.
Reagent Ni-1 1 drop 1) - Add, close the tube, and
A slight yellow coloration
3. Applications must persist.
If necessary, add reagent
This test measures only nickel(II) ions. Ni-1 dropwise until the
Sample material: color remains stable.
Groundwater and surface water
Leave to stand for 1 min (reaction time 1).
Drinking water
Industrial water Reagent Ni-2 2 drops 1) - Add, close the tube, and
Wastewater and percolating water mix.
Electroplating wastewater The pH must be within
the range 10 - 12.
This test is not suited for seawater. Check with MColorpHastTM
pH-indicator strips.
4. Influence of foreign substances Adjust the pH, if necessary,
with sodium hydroxide solu-
This was checked in solutions containing 1.5 and 0 mg/l Ni. The determination is tion or sulfuric acid.
not yet interfered with up to the concentrations of foreign substances given in the Reagent Ni-3 2 drops 1) - Add, close the tube, and
table. mix.

Concentrations of foreign substances in mg/l or % Leave to stand for 3 min (reaction time 2).

Al3+ 1000 F- 250 Pb2+ 1000 EDTA 1 Hold the comparator to the light, keeping it upright, and rotate the disk until the closest
Ca2+ 1000 Fe3+ 10 PO43- 1000 Surfactants 1) 5% possible color match is achieved between the two large windows.
Cd2+ 50 Hg2+ 50 S2- 100 Na-acetate 10 % Read off the result in mg/l Ni shown in the small window.
CN- 500 Mg2+ 500 SO32- 1000 NaCl 20 %
Cr3+ 50 Mn2+ 0.5 Zn2+ 1000 NaNO3 20 % 1)
Hold the bottle vertically while adding the reagent!
Cr2O72- 0.5 NH4+ 1000 Na2SO4 20 %
Cu2+ 50 NO2- 1000
Notes on the measurement:
Reducing agents interfere with the determination.
tested with nonionic, cationic, and anionic surfactants • end
The color of the measurement solution remains stable for 30 min after the
of the reaction time 2 stated above. (After 60 min the measurement
value would have diminished by 5 %.)
5. Reagents and auxiliaries
• difficult.
Turbidity in the measurement solution makes the color comparison more
Please note the warnings on the packaging materials!
The test reagents are stable up to the date stated on the pack when stored • Ifdarkest
the color of the measurement solution is equal to or more intense than the
color on the scale, repeat the measurement using fresh, diluted sam-
closed at +15 to +25 °C.
ples until a value of less than 10 mg/l Ni is obtained.
Package contents: Concerning the result of the analysis, the dilution (see also section 6) must
1 bottle of reagent Ni-1 be taken into account:
2 bottles of reagent Ni-2
1 bottle of reagent Ni-3 Result of analysis = measurement value x dilution factor
1 graduated 6-ml plastic syringe
2 test tubes with screw caps
1 color-disk comparator
8. Method control
To check test reagents, measurement device, and handling:
Other reagents and accessories: Dilute the nickel standard solution with distilled water to 4 mg/l Ni2+ and analyze
Nitric acid 65 % for analysis EMSURE®, Cat. No. 100456 as described in section 7.
Charcoal activated GR for analysis, Cat. No. 102186 Additional notes see under
Ammonia solution 25 % for analysis EMSURE®, Cat. No. 105432
MQuantTM Nickel Test, Cat. No.110006,
measuring range 10 - 500 mg/l Ni2+ 9. Notes
MColorpHastTM Universal indicator strips pH 0 - 14, Cat. No. 109535
MColorpHastTM pH-indicator strips pH 7.5 - 14, Cat. No. 109532
• Reclose the reagent bottles immediately after use.
Sodium hydroxide solution 1 mol/l TitriPUR®, Cat. No. 109137 • Rinse the test tubes and the syringe with distilled water only.
Sulfuric acid 0.5 mol/l TitriPUR®, Cat. No. 109072 • Information on disposal can be obtained at
Nickel standard Titrisol® for 1000 mg/l Ni2+, Cat. No. 109989
MColortestTM Flat-bottomed tubes with screw caps for MColortestTM with
color-disk comparator (12 pcs), Cat. No. 117988
Refill pack:
Cat. No. 118461
Nickel Test
Refill pack for 114783 and 114420
(Reagents without technical accessories for the number of determinations
stated in section 2)

Merck KGaA, 64271 Darmstadt, Germany,

Tel. +49(0)6151 72-2440
EMD Millipore Corporation, 290 Concord Road,
Billerica, MA 01821, USA, Tel. +1-978-715-4321