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Chapter 1: Progressions

1 k +3 , 2k + 6 ,8 are the first three terms of an 2 Given that x 2 ,5 x,7 x  4 are three consecutive
arithmetic progression, find the value of k terms of an arithmetic progression. x has a
positive value. Find the value of x.

1
k
3
x=4
3 th
Find the 9 term of the arithmetic progression. 4 Find the 7th term of arithmetic progression k, 2k
2, 5 , 8 , ….. + 1, 3k+2, 4k+3,….

26 7k+6
5 Given that arithmetic progression 6 For the arithmetic progression
9 +6x , 9+4x, 9+2x, …… Find the 10th term. 5 , 8 , 11 , ……. Which term is equal to 320 ?

T10  9  12 x 106
7 The sequence 121 , 116 , 111 , …. is an arithmetic 8 Find the number of terms of the arithmetic
progression. Find the first negative term in the progression
progression. a  2b,3a  3b,5a  4b,......, 23a  13b

-4 12
9 Find the sum of the first 12 terms of the 10 For the arithmetic progression -4 , 1 , 6 , …….find
arithmetic progression -10 , -7 , -4, …… the sum of all the terms from the 6th term to the
14th term.

78 369
11 How many terms of the arithmetic 2, 8 , 12 The 5th and 9th of arithmetic progression are 4
13 ,18 , …… must be taken for the sum to be and 16 respectively. Find the 15th term.
equal to 1575?

40 34
13 The 2nd and 8th terms of an arithmetic 14 The sum of the first 6 terms of an arithmetic
progression are -9 and 3 respectively. Find progression is 39 and the sum of the next 6
a) the first term and the comman terms is -69. Find
difference. a) the first term and the common
b) the sum of 10 terms beginning from difference
the 12th term. b) the sum of all the terms from the
15th term to the 25th term.

a) -11,2 b) 200 a) a=14 , d= -3 b) -473


15 The sum of the first n terms is given 16 The first three terms of an arithmetic progression
by Sn  6n 2  3n Find are k  3, k  3, 2k  2 Find
a) the nth term in terms of n a. the value of k
b) the common difference b. the sum of the first 9 terms of the progression

a) Tn=12n-3 b) d=12 a) k=7 b) S9  252


17 Given an arithmetic progression -7, -3, 1, …. , 18 The volume of water in a tank is 450 litres on the
state three consecutive terms in this progression first day. Subsequently, 10 litres of water is
which sum up to 75 added to the tank everyday. Calculate the
volume , in litres , of water in the tank at the end
of the 7th day.

T10  29, T9  25, T8  21 T7  510


19 The first three terms of an arithmetic 20 Sum of the first ten of the arithmetic progression
progression are 5, 9, 13 Find is 230 and sum of ten terms after that is 830.
a. the common difference of the progression Find the first term and the common difference.
b. the sum of first 20 terms after the 3rd term.

a) 4 b) 1100 5. 4,6
21 Diagram 1 shows part of an arrangement of bricks of equal size.

The number of bricks in the lowest row is 100. For each of the rows, the number of bricks is 2 less than in
the row below. The height of each bricks is 6 cm.
Ali builds a wall by arranging bricks in this way. The number of bricks in the highest
row is 4. Calculate
a) the height , in cm, of the wall
b) the total price of the bricks used if the price of one brick is 40 sen.

a) 294 b) RM1019.20
22 The sequence -13,-10,-7,……,128,131 is an 23 Given that k-1 , 2k – 4 and k +5 are the first
arithmetic progression. Find three terms of arithmetic progression. Find the
a) the number of terms in the progression common difference.
b) the sum of all the terms in the progression

a) 49 b) 2891 3
24 Calculate how many months it will take to repay 25 The 4th of an arithmetic progression is 18 and the
a debt of RM5800 by monthly payment of sum of the first eight terms of the progression is
RM100 initially with an increase of RM20 for 124. Find
each month after that. a. the first term and the common difference
b. the sum of all the terms from the 10th term to
the 20th term

20
a) 33,-5 b) -407
26 th
Find the 8 term of the geometric progression. 27 For the geometric progression
16, -8, 4,… 4 2
, , 1 , ….. ,find the 9 th term .
9 3

-1/2 26344/2304
28 th
Find the 10 term of geometric progression a , 5 29 Given that geometric progression
a4 b, a3 b2………… 5.6, 1.4, 0.35, …… Find the 10th term.

b9
a4 0.000021
30 Find the number of terms of the arithmetic 31 The first and 4th tems of a geometric progression
progression 2, -4, 8, ……512 1 27
are and . Find the value of r
2 128

9 3/4
32 The first and 6th tems of a geometric progression 33 The common ratio and 5th tems of a geometric
1 1 2 22
are 2 and 607 . Find the value of r progression are and 7 . Find the value of a
2 2 3 27

3 3
34 Find the sum to infinity of a given geomertric 35 The sum to infinity of a geometric progression is
2 2 200. Given that the first term is 52. Find the
progression below: 6, 2, ,  ,....... common ratio.
3 9

9/2 0.74
36 2. Given that the common ratio of geometric 37 The sum to infinity of a geometric progression is
1 8. Given that the first term is 2. Find
progression is . The sum of the first n a) the common ratio
25
terms,where n is large enough such that b) the third term
r n  0 is 75. Find the first term.

3/4, 9/8
72
38 The sum to infinity of a geometric progression is 39 Express each of the recurring decimal below as
600 and the common ratio is 0.4 . Find a fraction in its simplest form
a) the first term 0.3……
b) the minimum number of terms such that
the sum of terms to be more then 599.

360, 7 1/3
40 Express each of the recurring decimal below as 41 Express each of the recurring decimal below as
a fraction in its simplest form a fraction in its simplest form
4.020202…… 1.121212…..

4 2/99 1 4/33
42 A gardener has a task of cutting the grass of a 43 Osman is allowed to spend an allocation of RM1
lawn with an area of 1000 m 2 . On the first day, million where the maximum withdrawal each
he cut an area of 16m 2 . On each successive day, day must not exceed twice the amount
he cuts an area 1.1 times the area that he cut withdrawn the day before. If Osman withdraws
the previous day the task is completed. Find RM200 on the first day, determine after how
a) the area that is cut on the 10th day. many days the amount of money allocated will
b) The number of the days needed to all be used up.
complete the task.

37.73, 21
13

44 In a geometric progression, the first term is 64 45 Given a geometric progression


and the fourth term is 27. Calculate 4
a. the common ratio y, 2, , p,..... ,express p in terms of y.
y
b. the sum to infinity of geometric progression.

8
3/4, 256 p
y2
46 Express the recurring decimal 0.969696……as a 47 The first three terms of a sequence are 2 , x , 8
fraction in its simplest form Find the positive value of x so that the sequence
is
(a) an arithmetic progression
(b) a geometric progression

32/33 a) r=3 b) n=7


48 The first three terms of a geometric progression 49 In the progression 5 , 10 , 20 , 40 , ……. Find the
are 2x + 3, x and x – 2 with a common ratio r , least number of terms required such that their
where -1 < r < 1. Find (a) the value of x sum exceeds 1000.
(b) the sum of the first n terms ,where n is large
enough such that r n  0

3, 27/2 8
50 Diagram 2 shows the arrangement of the first three of an infinite series of similar
triangles. The first triangle has a base of x cm and a height of y cm. The measurements of the base and
height of each subsequent triangle are half of
the measurements of its previous one.

y cm

xcm

(a) Show that the areas of the triangles form a geometric progression and state
the common ratio.
(b) Given that x= 80 cm and y= 40 cm,
1
(i) determine which triangle has an area of 6 cm 2 ,
4
(ii) find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm 2 , of the triangles.

1 1
a) r b)i. n=5 ii. 2133
4 3
51 The third term and the sixth term of a geometric 52 In a geometric progression, the sum of the first
progression are 27 and 8 respectively. Find the 31
second term. five terms is  . Given that the common ratio
8
1
is . Find (a) the first term
2
(b)the sum of all the terms from the fourth to
the sixth term.

1 a) -2 b)  7
40 16
2