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Current Transformer Test procedure-2

Equipment:
1. Megger
2. Multimeter
3. Polarity Tester
4. Primary Injection Test Kit
5. Step up Transformer
6. Wheat Stone Bridge
1. Electrical Test.
a) Polarity test
b) C.T. resistance
c) Loop resistance
d) Burden test
e) Insulation resistance
f) Magnetization curve
g) Ratio test
h) Group test
4. Electrical Tests
a. Polarity (Directional) Test.
The polarity of all secondary cores of CT's to be checked. This test is performed by
connecting a battery, having pre-determined polarity for a short period across the primary
side of the transformer at the same time as the polarity of current, induced in the secondary,
is checked with the aid of directionally sensitive ammeter.
b. Measuring of C.T. Secondary Resistance.
Using a wheat stone bridge or a multimeter measure the resistance from the marshalling
kiosk. The results may deviate from those mentioned on C.T. This is due to the resistance
of the leads running between marshalling kiosk and the current transformer.
In the results from any individual transformer show considerable deviation from the
anticipated value.
Additional measurement are taken directly on the current transformer
c. Measuring of Loop Resistance.
The loop resistance is measured at the marshalling kiosk with the aid of wheat stone bridge
or a digital multimeter when measuring the loop resistance of one phase in a 3 phase
group, the 2 phases to be opened. If the circuit constitute a part of a differential protection,
the phase terminal of all the incorporated branches of CT must be opened. When taking the
measurements ensure that no parallel circuit exist.
As the differential relay is at high impedance type the relay must be short-circuited
internally.
Entered the measured loop resistance
RLOAD = RLOOP - RCT
RLOAD = Resistance of the burden
RLOOP = Measured loop resistance
RCT = The resistance of CT's secondary winding
d. Burden Test.
Burden test of CT is carried out Secondary Injection by injecting rated secondary current at
CT secondary terminals with the load connected and voltage drop across the CT secondary
is measured. Product of voltage drop to the rated current of CT is the burden on the CT.
e. Checking of Insulation Resistance.
Measure the resistance to earth of each set of secondary cores, including the circuit to the
relay and metering equipments. Depending on the number of the secondary cores, relay
and metering coil etc. that are connected in the circuit, the value of measured insulation can
vary considerably.
f. Magnetization curve.
When recording the curves, the primary circuit is to be open. Ensure that the primary circuit
is not earthed on the both side of the current transformer. The secondary burden of the
current transformer is to be isolated. The measuring is commenced and terminated by
increasing the voltage in secondary of the current transformer with the knee point is clearly
exceeded and thereafter by slowly reducing it to zero.
g. Ratio Test.
Ensure that all terminal blocks in the secondary circuits are properly closed. The test current
selected should be so much lower than the maximum current of test set to enable the
former to be maintained without any difficulty. The test set is connected to the primary side
of CT and injected current and the same calculated ratio of current transformer to be
measured and recorded in secondary side.
h. Primary Injection (Group Test).
Primary injection group test is conducted to ensure that no mix-up of current circuit in the
secondary side. This test is conducted by injecting current in each phase to ground and
phase to phase combinations, the secondary current is then measured in all in all CT
secondary circuit as per the drawing.