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# MATHEMATICS

## TARGET : JEE (ADVANCED) 2018

 

INFORM ATIO
E E ST
DPP
DAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS

## Course : VIJETA & VIJAY (ADP & ADR) Date : 16.04.2018

NO. 2

TEST INFORMATION
DATE : 20.04.2018 CUMULATIVE TEST (CT) - 1
Syllabus : Permutation & Combination, Probability, Quadratic Equation, Sequence & Series and
Binomial Theorem, Indefinite Integration, Definite Integration & Its Application, Differential Equation

## DPP Syllabus: Permutation & Combination, Probability

Total Marks: 126 Max. Time: 120 min.
Comprehension ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.8 (3 marks 3 min.) [24, 24]
Single choice Objective ('-1' negative marking) Q.9 to Q.29 (3 marks 3 min.) [63, 63]
Multiple choice objective ('-1' negative marking) Q.30 to Q.35 (4 marks 3 min.) [24, 18]
Single Integer Questions ('-1' negative marking) Q.36 to Q. 40 (3 marks 3 min.) [15, 15]

Comprehension #1 (Q.1 to 3)
y
(0,n) B
.
.
.
.
(0,2)
(0,1)
(1,0) (2,0)....
x
A (n,0)
(0,0)
The given grid is a map of roads from A  B. There are 'n + 1' vertical and ' n + 1' horizontal lines. Let
2 people A and B are standing at A (0, 0) and B (n, n) at t = 0 and they start walking towards each
other without turning backwards. Then answer the following questions:

## 1. The correct statement from the following is:

(A) If n = 8 and both A and B travel at the same speed and given that they meet, then the line on
which they meet is x + 2y = 12.
(B) If B travels thrice as fast as A, and given that they meet, then they must meet on the line
3(x+y) = n
(C) If B travels thrice as fast as A, and they meet at a integral point, then 'n' must be even.
(D) If B travels thrice as fast as A, and they meet at a integral point, then 'n' must be odd.

2. The number of routes on which they meet while travelling at the same speed are equal to :
1.3.5.......(2n  1)2n
(A) S  C02  C12  C22  .......  C22n (B)
n!
(11)(12)(13)......(20)
(C) 80, if n = 4 (D) if n = 20
(1)(2)(3)...........(10)

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3. If n = 3, the number of ways in which they swap their places without meeting at a point are :
(Travel at same speed)
(A) 190 (B) 360 (C) 380 (D) 180

Comprehension # 2 (Q.4 to 5)
16 players P1, P2, .....,P16 play a knock out tournament. Assuming that the players are paired at random
in each round

4. If all the players are of equal strength then find the probability that P 1 reaches final under the condition
P2 reaches semifinal but not reaches in final.
1 2 4 8
(A) (B) (C) (D)
15 15 15 15

5. Let it is known that whenever the players Pi and Pj play, the player Pi will win if i < j. What is the
probability that the player P8 reaches the final ?
4 6 8 8
(A) 15
(B) 15
(C) 15
(D) 16
C7 C7 C7 C8

## Comprehension # 3 (Q. No. 6 to 8)

Urn-I contains 5 Red balls and 1 Blue ball,
Urn-II contains 2 Red balls and 4 Blue balls.
A fair die is tossed. If it results in an even number, balls are repeatedly withdrawn one at a time with
replacement from urn-I. If it is an odd number, balls are repeatedly withdrawn one at a time with
replacement from urn-II.

6. Conditional probability that the first two draws have resulted in blue balls given that urn-II is used is
(A) 1/2 (B) 4/9 (C) 1/3 (D) None of these

7. If the probability that the urn-I is being used is p, and q is the corresponding figure for urn-II, given that
the first two draws resulted in both blue balls then
(A) q = 16p (B) q = 4p (C) q = 2p (D) q = 3p

8. The probability of getting a red ball in the third draw, given that the first two draws resulted in both blue
balls, is
(A) 1/3 (B) 1/2 (C) 37/102 (D) 41/102

9. A fair coin is tossed repeatedly until two consecutive heads is obtained. The probability that two
consecutive heads occur on the seventh and eight flips is equal to :
11 15 13 17
(A) (B) (C) (D)
256 256 256 256

10. Let A = {x1, x2, ….., x8} and B = {y1, y2, y3, y4}. The total number of functions f : A  B that are onto and
there are exactly three elements x in A such that f(x) = y1, is :
(A) 11088 (B) 10920 (C) 13608 (D) None of these

11. Find number of ways in which 3 boys and 15 girls can sit togther in a row such that between any 2 boys
at least 2 girls sit.
(A) 3! 5! (B) 3! 15! 14C3 (C) 3! 15! 13C3 (D) 15! 15C3

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12. A is a set containing n different elements. A subset P of A is chosen. The set A is reconstructed by
replacing the elements of P. A subset Q of A is again chosen. The number of ways of chosing P and Q
so that P  Q contains exactly two elements
(A) nC3 × 2n (B) nC2 × 3n–2 (C) 3n – 2 (D) None of these

13. Four whole numbers taken at random are multiplied together. What is the chance that the last digit in
the product is 1, 3, 7 or 9 ?
16 1 8 4
(A) (B) (C) (D)
625 210 125 25

14. The probability that out of 10 persons, all born in January, at least two have the same birthday is
31 31 31
C10 C10 P10
(A) 1 – (B) 1 – (C) 1 – (D) None of these
30! 365! 3110

15. A lattice point in the plane is a point whose coordinates are both integers. Given a set of 100 distinct
lattice points in the plane. The smallest number of line segments AB for which A and B are distinct
Lattice points in this set and the midpoint of AB is also a lattice point (not necessarily in the set) is
(A) 1000 (B) 1100 (C) 1200 (D) 1300

16. In a famous game-show hosted by Mr. Monty Hall, he gives the player (Mr. Kabir) a choice of 3 doors to
choose from. Behind one of the doors is a new car and behind the other two, there is nothing (no prize).
Mr. Kabir picks any door at random (say door no.1) and the host Mr. Monty, who knows what's behind
the doors, opens another door (say door no. 3 for example) which has nothing behind it. He then offers
Mr. Kabir a chance to swap or stick with the door he had initially chosen. What must Mr. Kabir do to
maximize his chance of winning the car?
(A) Swap the door
(B) Stick to the originally chosen door
(C) It does not matter as the chance of winning the car with swapping or sticking with the door is same
(D) None of these

17. The number of six lettered word containing at least one A, at least one B and at least one C will be
(A)266 – 256 + 246 – 236 (B) 266 – 3.256 + 3.246 – 236
(C) 26 – 3.25 + 6.24 – 23
6 6 6 6 (D) 266 – 2.256 + 3.246 – 4.236

18. From a regular pack of 52 cards, 6 cards are selected. The number of ways of selection such that there
is at least one card of each suit and every card is of different denomination is
13.13! 132.11! 14! 13!
(A) (B) (C) (D)
6.7! 7! 7! 6.7!

19. A 7 × 7 grid is cut from an 8 × 8 chess board, such that the corners are black. In how many ways we
can put 2 identical coins, one on a black square and one on a white square, such that they are not
placed in the same row or same column
(A) 24 . 34 (B) 24 . 33 (C) 23 . 33 (D) 23 . 34

20. An 8 lettered word is formed using 4 A, 2 E, 2 I. The probability that the word formed will have 1 st A
from right before its 1st E from right is
1 3 1 2
(A) (B) (C) (D)
3 4 2 3

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21. If x, y, z  N. Then the probability that x2 + y2 + z2 is divisible by 7 is
1 1 2 5
(A) (B) (C) (D)
7 49 343 343

22. Three boxes are having 17, 19, 23 chits numbered from 1 to 17, 1 to 19 and 1 to 23 respectively.
Kejriwal takes out one chit from all 3 boxes and found it to be 1 prime number and 2 perfect square.
He now takes out 1 more chit from box , then the probability that the selected chit is prime will be
70 161 7 6
(A) (B) (C) (D)
272 384 17 16

23. In a school cafeteria, nine students sit down to three vacant round tables, with four seats around each.
The probability that Rahul and Narendra are not sitting on adjacent seats, given that different number of
students are sitting on each table will be
10 5 10 5
(A) (B) (C) (D)
54 108 216 54

24. An insurance company believes that people can be divided into two classes, those who are accident
prone and those who are not. Their statistics show that an accident prone person will not have an
accident in a year period with probability 0.4 whereas this probability is 0.2 for the other kind. Given that
30% of people are accident prone, the probability that a new policy holder will have an accident within a
year of purchasing a policy is :
(A) 0.74 (B) 0.28 (C) 0.34 (D) 0.66

25. 2n objects of each of three types are distributed between two people so that each one of them gets 3n
objects. The number of different ways it can be done is
(A) 3n2 + 3n + 1 (B) 6nC3n (C) 6n + 1 (D) 6n2 + 6n + 1

26. If an unbiased coin is tossed 10 times then the probability that no two consecutive heads occurs is
10
9 1  1 1
(A) (B) 1 – (C)   (D)
64 210
2 2

27. A King is placed in the middle of a 15×15 chess board. He can move in any direction (forward,
backward, left, right or diagonally) but only one square at a time. He now starts moving from his point to
any direction and then returns to the middle point in 6 steps. By how many different ways he can return
to the point ?
(A) 4040 (B) 5120 (C) 7680 (D) 5420

28. Let persons A and B throws a die one by one for a game. If sum of number appearing on (n) th and
(n+1)th chance is 7 then the person who threw die in (n+1)th chance declared winner of the game. If A
threw die first time, then probability of A winning the game is
3 5 6 5
(A) (B) (C) (D)
61 11 11 6

29. A Bag contains 3 balls. Colour of balls are either Red or White. A ball drawn from bag is found Red.
The probability of all balls are Red is
1 1 1 2
(A) (B) (C) (D)
4 3 2 3

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30. A bag contains four tickets marked with number 112, 121, 211, 222. One ticket is drawn at random from
the bag. Let Ei (i = 1, 2, 3) denote the event that ith digit on the selected ticket is 2, then which of the
following is correct ?
(A) E1 and E2 are independent (B) E2 and E3 are independent
(C) E3 and E1 are independent (D) E1, E2, E3 are independent

31. Let all letters of word 'MATHEMATICS' are arranged in all possible order. Three events A, B and C are
defined as :
A : Both M are together B : Both T are together C : Both A are together
Which of the following hold(s) good ?
2 2
(A) P(A) = P(B) = (B) P(A  B) = P(B  C) = P(C  A) =
11 55
4 58
(C) P(A  B  C) = (D) P ((A  B) | C) 
495 405

32. A bag contains a number of coloured balls, with equal numbers of each colour. Adding 20 balls of a
new colour to the bag would not change the probability of drawing (without replacement) two balls of
same colour. Then
(A) The number of balls in the bag before adding 20 balls is 190
(B) The number of balls in the bag after adding 20 balls is 190
(C) The number of balls of each colour before adding 20 balls is 10
(D) The different number of colour ball available in the bag is 10

33. A bag contain 10 balls numbered from 0 to 9, which are equally likely to be picked. A person picked a
ball and replaced it in the bag after noting its number. This process is repeated 2 more times. What is
the probability that the ball picked second is numbered less than both the first and third picked balls
171 144 57 6
(A) (B) (C) (D)
600 600 200 25

34. 9 married couples are going for a roller coaster ride, having 9 rows consisting of 2 seats each,
numbered from 1 to 18. Number of possible arrangements such that at least 5 wives are seated in the
same row as that of their husband (in seats of each row, exactly one female and one male to be
seated) is of the form P  29 9, then
(A) sum of all the digit of P is 16 (B) number of divisors of P is 6
(C) number of divisors of P is 9 (D) sum of all the divisors of P is 1456

## 35. 9 digit numbers are formed using only 2 and 3, then

(A) number of numbers divisible by 24 is 21 (B) number of numbers divisible by 6 is 85
(C) number of numbers divisible by 6 is 84 (D) number of numbers divisible by 24 is 42

36. Let 1, 1, 2, ……., k are divisors of number N = 2n–1(2n – 1), where 2n – 1 is a prime number and 1 <
1 1 1
1 < 2 < ……. < k, then the value of 1    ......  is
1 2 k

37. In a certain laboratory, chemicals are identified by a colour-coding system. There are 21 different
chemicals. Not more than one chemical is left colourless and not more than one chemical is coloured
with all the colours available. Rest of the chemicals are coded with either 2 colour-pair (unique) or 3
colour-pair (unique). If the order of colours in the pairs does not matter, what is the minimum number of
different colours needed to code all 21 chemicals

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38. Find the number of total permutations of a1, a2, a3, ..... a18 from 1, 2, 3,......, 18 ; such that |ai – i| is
the same for i {1, 2, .....,18} and the value is a multiple of 3.

39. If A be any event in sample space the maximum value of 3 P(A)  4 P(A) is

40. There are 10 cards, labeled from 1 to 10. Three cards denoted by a, b, c (a > b > c) are drawn from the
a
1 k
 (x  2bx  3c)dx  0 is
2
cards at the same time if the probability such that then is.
0
k 10

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