19, 2018 57
1
Department of Mathematics, Nandalal Ghosh B.T. College, Panpur, P.O.Narayanpur, District –North 24 Parganas, Pin code743126, West Bengal, India.
Email: sura_pati@yahoo.co.in
2
Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, P.O.Botanic Garden, Howrah711103, West Bengal,
India. Email: dalapatishyamal30@gmail.com
3
Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, P.O.Botanic Garden, Howrah711103, West Bengal,
India. Email: salam50in@yahoo.co.in
4
Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, West Bengal, India
Abstract. In this paper, we extend the VIKOR propose a new strategy for solving MAGDM. Finally, we
(VIsekriterijumska optimizacija i KOmpromisno Resenje) solve MAGDM problem using our newly proposed
strategy to multiple attribute group decisionmaking VIKOR strategy under bipolar neutrosophic set
(MAGDM) with bipolar neutrosophic set environment. In environment. Further, we present sensitivity analysis to
this paper, we first define VIKOR strategy in bipolar show the impact of different values of the decision
neutrosophic set environment to handle MAGDM making mechanism coefficient on ranking order of the
problems, which means we combine the VIKOR with alternatives.
bipolar neutrosophic number to deal with MAGDM. We
Keywords: Bipolar neutrosophic sets, VIKOR strategy, Multi attribute group decision making.
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
58 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018
environment. Şahin et al. [109] proposed Jaccard vector ii. Is it possible to develop a new VIKOR based MAGDM
similarity measure for MADM problems under bipolar strategy in BNS environment?
neutrosophic set environment. Uluçay et al. [110]
Motivation:
presented Dice similarity measure, weighted Dice
similarity measure, hybrid vector similarity measure, The abovementioned analysis [118126] describes the mo
weighted hybrid vector similarity measure for BNSs and tivation behind proposing a novel VIKOR strategy for
established a MADM strategy by employing the proposed MAGDM in the BNS environment. This study develops a
similarity measures. Dey et al. [111] established TOPSIS novel VIKOR strategy for MAGDM that can deal with
strategy for MADM problems with bipolar neutrosophic multiple decisionmakers.
information where the weights of the attributes are The objectives of the paper are:
completely unknown to the decision maker. Pramanik et i. To extend VIKOR strategy in BNS environment.
al. [112] defined projection, bidirectional projection and ii. To develop a new MAGDM strategy based on proposed
hybrid projection measures for BNSs and proved their VIKOR strategy in BNS environment.
basic properties. In the same study, Pramanik et al. [112], To fill the research gap, we propose VIKOR based
proposed three new MADM strategies based on the strategy, which is capable of dealing with MAGDM
proposed projection, bidirectional projection and hybrid problem in BNS environment.
projection measures with bipoar neutrosophic information.
Wang et al. [113] defined Frank operations of bipolar The main contributions of this paper are
neutrosophic numbers (BNNs) and proposed Frank bipolar summarized below:
neutrosophic Choquet Bonferroni mean operators by i. We extend VIKOR strategy in bipolar neutrosophic envi
combining Choquet integral operators and Bonferroni ronment.
mean operators based on Frank operations of BNNs. In the ii. We introduce a bipolar neutrosophic weighted aggrega
same study, Wang et al. [113] developed MADM strategy tion operator and prove its basic properties.
based on Frank Choquet Bonferroni operators of BNNs in iii. We develop a novel VIKOR based MAGDM strategy
bipolar neutrosophic environment. Recently, many in bipolar neutrosophic set environment to solve MAGDM
researcher has given attention to develop various strategies problems.
under bipolar neutrosophic set environment in various iv. In this paper, we solve a MAGDM problem based on
fields [114117]. proposed VIKOR strategy.
Opricovic [118] proposed the VIKOR strategy for a
MCDM problem with conflicting attributes [119120]. In The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: In the
2015, Bausys and Zavadskas [121] proposed VIKOR Section 2, we review some basic concepts and operations
strategy to solve multi criteria decision making problem in related to neutrosophic set, single valued neutrosophic set
interval neutrosophic set environment. Further, Hung et al. (SVNS), bipolar neutrosophic set. In Section 3, we propose
[122] proposed VIKOR strategy for interval neutrosophic the bipolar neutrosophic number weighted aggregation
multi attribute group decision making (MAGDM). (BNNWA) operator and prove its basic properties. In
Pouresmaeil et al. [123] proposed a MAGDM strategy section 4, we develop a novel MAGDM strategy based on
based on TOPSIS and VIKOR strategies in single valued VIKOR strategy to solve the MADGM problems with
neutrosophic set environment. Liu and Zhang [124] bipolar neutrosophic information. In Section 5, we present
extended VIKOR strategy in neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy an example to illustrate the proposed strategy. Then in
set environment. Hu et al. [125] proposed interval Section 6, we present the sensitivity analysis to show the
neutrosophic projection based VIKOR strategy and applied impact of different values of the decision making
it for doctor selection. Selvakumari et al. [126] proposed mechanism coefficient on ranking order of the
VIKOR strategy for decision making problem using alternatives.. In section 7, we present conclusion and
octagonal neutrosophic soft matrix. future direction of research.
VIKOR strategy in bipolar neutrosophic set is yet to ap 2. Preliminaries
pear.
In this section, we describe the basic definitions related to
Research gap: neutrosophic sets, bipolar neutrosophic sets.
VIKOR based MAGDM strategy in BNS environ Definition 2.1 Neutrosophic set
ment. This study answers the following research questions:
i. Is it possible to extend VIKOR strategy in BNS Let U be a space of points (objects), with a generic
environment? element in U denoted by u. A neutrosophic sets [3] A in U
is characterized by a truthmembership function T A ( u ) , an
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018 59
0 ≤ TA (u ) + IA (u) + FA (u ) ≤ 3 .
Definition 2.2: Single valued neutrosophic set Definition 2.6 Union of any two bipolar
Let U be a space of points (objects) with a generic element neutrosophic sets [105]
in U denoted by u. A single valued neutrosophic set [4] J in Let H1 { u, T1 (u ), I1 (u ), F1 (u ), T1 (u ), I1 (u ), F1 (u ) : u U } and
U is characterized by a truthmembership function TJ (u) ,
H2 { u, T2 (u ), I2 (u ), F2 (u ), T2 (u ), I2 (u ), F2 (u ) : u U } be any
an indeterminacymembership function IJ (u ) and a falsity two bipolar neutrosophic sets in U. Then, their union is
membership function FJ (u) , where, defined as follows:
TJ (u) , I J (u ) , FJ (u ) : U[ 0, 1] . A single valued H 3 (u ) H1 (u ) H 2 (u ) { u, max (T1 (u ), T2 (u )) ,
neutrosophic set J can be expressed by min (I1 (u ), I2 (u )), min (F1 (u ), F2 (u )),
J = {u,< ( TJ (u) , I J (u ) , FJ (u ) )>: u U}. min (T1 (u ), T2 (u )), max (I1 (u ), I2 (u )),
Therefore for each u U, TJ (u) , I J (u ) , FJ (u ) [0, 1] the max (F1 (u ), F2 (u )) : u U}, for all u U.
sum of three functions lies between 0 and 1, i.e. Definition 2.7 Intersection of two bipolar
0 TJ (u) + I J (u ) + FJ (u ) 3. neutrosophic sets
Let H1 { u, T1 (u ), I1 (u ), F1 (u ), T1 (u ), I1 (u ), F1 (u ) :uU } and
Definition 2.3: Bipolar neutrosophic set
H2 { u, T2 (u ), I2 (u ), F2 (u ), T2 (u ), I2 (u ), F2 (u ) : u U } be any
Let U be a space of points (objects) with a generic element two bipolar neutrosophic sets in U. Then, their intersection
in U denoted by u. A bipolar neutrosophic set [105] H in U [105] is defined as follows:
is defined as an object of the form
H 4 (u ) H1 (u ) H 2 (u ) { u, min (T1 (u ), T2 (u )) ,
H { u, TH (u), I H (u), FH (u), TH (u), TH (u), FH (u) : uU} , where,
max (I1 (u ), I2 (u )), max (F1 (u ), F2 (u )),
TH (u), IH (u), FH (u) : U [0,1] and
max (T1 (u ), T2 (u )), min (I1 (u ), I2 (u )),
T (u), I (u), F (u) : U [1, 0] .
H
H
H min (F1 (u ), F2 (u )) :uU}for all uU.
We denote Definition 2.8 Complement of a bipolar
H { u, TH (u), I H (u), FH (u), TH (u), I H (u), FH (u) :uU} s neutrosophic set [105]
imply H = TH , IH , FH , TH , IH , FH as a bipolar Let H1 { u, T1 (u ), I1 (u ), F1 (u ), T1 (u ), I1 (u ), F1 (u ) : u U } be
neutrosophic number (BNN). a bipolar neutrosophic set in U. Then the complement of
Definition 2.4 Containment of two bipolar H1 is denoted by H1c and is defined by
neutrosophic sets [105]
H1c { u, 1 T1 (u ),1 I1 (u ),1 F1 (u ),{1} T1 (u ),
Let
{1} I1 (u ),{1} F1 (u ) : uU }
H1 { u, T1 (u), I1 (u), F1 (u), T1 (u), I1 (u), F1 (u) :uU}
for all u U.
and
H2 { u, T2 (u ), I2 (u ), F2 (u ), T2 (u ), I2 (u ), F2 (u ) : u U } be
Definition 2.13 Hamming distance measure
any two bipolar neutrosophic sets in U. Then H 1 H 2 iff between two BNNs [115]
T1 ( u ) T 2 ( u ) ,
I1 ( u ) I2 ( u ) ,
F 1 (u ) F 2 (u ) and
Let h 1 T1 , I1 , F1 , T1 , I1 , F1 and
T1 (u ) T2 (u ) , I1 ( u ) I 2 (u ) , F1 ( u ) F2 ( u ) for all uU.
h 2 T2 , I2 , F2 , T2 , I2 , F2 be any two BNNs in U.
Definition 2.5 Equality of two bipolar Then Hamming distance measure between h1 and h2 is
neutrosophic sets [103]
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
60 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018
denoted by D(h1, h 2 ) and defined as follows: h ij BNNWA ( h 1ij , h ij2 ,... , h ijt )
D(h1 , h 2 )
(1) (1h1ij 2 h ij2 3h 3ij ... t h ijt ) =
1
[ T1 T2 I1 I2 F1 F2 T1 T2 I1 I2 F1 F2 ]
6 (1h 2 h 3h ... t h) =
Definition 2.14: Normalization procedure t t t t t t
[T p , I p , F p , T p , I p , F p ]
In decision making situation, cost type attribute and benefit p 1 p 1 p 1 p 1 p 1 p 1
type attribute may exist simultaneously. Assume that,
= T , I ,F , T , I , F ) h.
h ij be a BNN to express the rating value of ith alternative
Property: 3. Monotonicity
with respect to jth attribute (cj). If cj belongs to the cost
type attributes, then h ij should be standardized by Assume that { h1ij , h ij2 , .. , h ijt } and { h *ij1 , h *ij2 , .. , h *ijt } be
employing the complement of BNN h ij . When the attribute any two set of collections of t bipolar neutrosophic nubers
cj belongs to benefit type attributes, h ij does not need to be with the condition t ijp t *ijp (p = 1, 2, ..., t), then
standardized, we use the following formula of BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt ) BNNWA ( h *ij1 , h *ij2 ,..., h *ijt ).
normalization as follows: Proof:
h {1} T ,{1} I ,{1} F ,
* From the given condition Tij ( p) Tij*( p) , we have
ij ij ij ij
(2) (p) *( p )
{1} Tij ,{1} Iij ,{1} Fij p Tij p Tij
3. Bipolar neutrosophic number weighted t t *( p )
aggregation operator
p Tij( p ) p Tij .
p 1 p 1
Let {h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt } be the set of t bipolar neutrosophic From the given condition Iij ( p) Iij*( p) , we have
numbers and {1 , 2 , 3 , ..., t } be the set of corresponding *( p )
p Iij ( p ) p Iij
weights of t bipolar neutrosophic numbers with conditions
t t t *( p )
p 0 and p 1 . Then the bipolar neutrosophic number p Iij( p ) p Iij .
p 1 p 1 p 1
weighted aggregation (BNNWA) operator is defined as From the given condition Fij ( p ) Fij*( p ) , we have
follows: *( p )
~ ~ ~ p Fij ( p ) p Fij
h ij BNNWA ( h1ij h ij2 ... h ijt )
~ ~ ~ ~ t
p Fij( p ) p Fij
t *( p )
.
(1 h 1ij 2 h ij2 3 h ij3 ... h ijt ) =
p 1 p 1
t
p T~ij( p ) , p ~I ij( p ), p ~Fij( p ), p T~ij( p ) , p ~I ij( p ), p ~Fij( p )
t t t t t
From the given condition Tij( p) Tij*( p) , we have
p 1 p 1 p 1 p 1 p 1 p 1 p Tij ( p ) p Tij
*( p )
(3)
t t
The BNNWA operator satisfies the following properties: p Tij( p) p Tij
*( p )
.
1. Idempotency p 1 p 1
h ij BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,... , h ijt ) h From the given condition Fij( p) Fij*( p) , we have
Proof: *( p )
p Fij ( p ) p Fij
Since h1ij h ij2 ... t
h h , based on the Equation (3)
ij
t t *( p )
t p Fij( p ) p Fij .
and with conditions, p 0 and p 1 , we obtain p 1 p 1
p 1
From the above relations, we obtain
BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,... , h ijt ) BNNWA ( h *ij1 , h *ij2 ,..., h *ijt ).
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018 61
NCNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt ) BNNWA ( h *ij1 , h *ij2 ,..., h *ijt ).
c 1 c 2 ... c s
Property: 2. Boundedness A h p h p ... h p
Mp
1 11 12 1s
Let { h1ij , h ij2 , ..., h ijt } be any collection of t bipolar (4)
A 2 h p21 h p22 h p2s
neutrosophic numbers.
If . . ... .
A h p h p ... .h p
( p) ( p)
h max {Tij }, min {Iij }, min {Fij }, min {Tij },
( p) ( p) r r1 r2 rs
p p p p
Here p = 1, 2, 3,…, t; i = 1, 2, 3,…, r; j = 1, 2, 3,…, s.
max {Iij ( p )}, max {Fij ( p )}
p p Step: 2. Normalization of the decision matrix
( p) ( p)
h min {T }, max {I }, max {F }, max {T },
(p) ( p)
p
ij
p
ij
p
ij
p
ij Cost type attributes and benefit type attributes are
generally existed in decision making process.
min {Iij ( p )}, min {Fij ( p )} (p= 1, 2, 3, ....,t). Therefore the considered attribute values need to be
p p
normalized to aviod different physical dimensional
Then, h BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt ) h .

unit. To normalize we can use the following equation:
Proof: h *ij {1} Tij , {1} Iij , {1} Fij ,
From Property 1 and Property 2, we obtain
{1} Tij , {1} Iij , {1} Fij .
BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt ) BNNWA ( h , h ,..., h ) h
Using the normalized method, we obtain the following
and normalized decision matrix (See eq. (5)):
BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt ) BNNWA ( h , h ,..., h ) h . c1 c 2 ... cs
So, we have
~p ~p ~
A1 h11 h12 ... h1ps
h  BNNWA ( h1ij , h ij2 ,..., h ijt ) h . ~p ~p ~p
M p A 2 h 21 h 22 h 2s (5)
4. VIKOR strategy for solving MAGDM problem . . ... .
under bipolar neutrosophic environment ~p ~p ~
A r h r1 h r 2 ... .h rsp
In this section, we propose a MAGDM strategy under
Where,
bipolar neutrosophic set environment. Assume that,
~p
p
A {A1 , A 2 , A3 ,...,A r } be a set of r alternatives and h ij if c j is benefit type attribute.
h ij
C {c1, c2 , c3 , ...,cs } be a set of s attributes. Assume that, * p
h ij if c j is cos type attribute.
{1 , 2 , 3 , ...,s } be the weight vector of the
s
Step: 3. Aggregation of the decision matrices
attributes, where k 0 and k 1. Let
k 1 Using BNNWA operator in eq. (3), we obtain the
DM {DM1 , DM 2 , DM3 , ...,DM t } be the set of t decision aggregated decision matrix as follows:
makers and {1, 2 , 3 , ...,t } be the set of weight vector
c1 c 2 ... .c s
t
of decision makers, where p 0 and p 1 . A1 h 11 h 12 ... h 1s
M A2
p 1
h 21 h 22 h 2s (6)
In this section, we describe the VIKOR based MAGDM
strategy under bipolar neutrosophic set environment. The . . ... .
A
h r1 h r2 ... h rs
proposed strategy consists of the following steps (see r
Figure 1): where, i = 1, 2, 3, …, r; j = 1, 2, 3, …, s; p=1, 2, ….t.
Step: 1. Construction of the decision matrix Step: 4. Define the positive ideal solution and
= (h )
p negative ideal solution
Let M p
ij r s (p = 1, 2, 3, …, t) be the pth decision
matrix, where information about the alternative Ai is h ij max T ij , min
i
I , min Fij , min T ij , max Iij , max Fij
ij
i i i i i
provided by the decision maker DM p with respect to (7)
attribute c j (j = 1, 2, 3, …, s). The pth decision matrix
h ij min T ij , max I , max Fij , max T ij , min Iij , min Fij
denoted by M p
(See eq. (4)) is constructed as follows: i i ij i i i i
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
62 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018
(i = 1, 2, 3, ..., r)
Construction of the decision matrix
i and Z i represent the average and worst group
scores for the alternative Ai respectively, with the
relations
~
s j D (h ij , h ij ) Normalization of the decision
i (9)
j 1 D (h ij , h ij ) matrices
j D (h ij , ~
h ij )
Zi max (10)
D (h ij , h ij )
j
Aggregation of the decision matrix
Here, j is the weight of cj.
The smaller values of i and Z i correspond to the
better average and worse group scores for alternative Define the positive ideal solution and
Ai , respectively. negative ideal solution
Step: 6. Calculate the values of index VIKOR i (i
= 1, 2, 3, …, r) by the relation
(i ) ( Zi Z ) Define i and Z i
i
(1 )
(11)
( ) (Z Z )
Here, min i , max i ,
i i
i i
Zi min Zi , Zi max Zi (12) Calculate the values of i
i i
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018 63
We construct the decision matrix information provided by Step: 4. Define the positive ideal solution and negative
the decision makers in terms of BNNs with respect to the ideal solution
criteria as follows:
Decision matrix for DM1 The positive ideal solution h ij =
M1 =
c1 C2 C3
(.22, .10, .10,  .14,  .12,  .10) (.24, .10, .11,  .19,  .10,  .13) (.21, .10, .13,  .17,  .10,  .11)
c1 C2 C3 and the negative ideal solution
A
1 (.5, .6, .7,  .3,  .6,  .3) (.8, .5, .6,  .4,  .6,  .3) (.9, .4, .6,  .1,  .6,  .5)
A2 (.6, .2, .2,  .4,  .5,  .3) (.6, .3, .7,  .4,  .3,  .5) ( .7, .5, .3, .4, .3, .3) h ij =
A3 (.8, .3, .5,  .6,  .4,  .5) (.5, .2, .4,  .1,  .5,  .3) (.4,.2,.8, .5, .3,  .2)
c1 C2 C3
A4 (.7, .5, .3,  .6,  .3,  .3) (.8, .7, .2,  .8,  .6,  .1) (.6, .3, .4, .3, .4, .7) (.20, .17, .17,  .14,  .15,  .20) (.13, .18, .21,  .10,  .20,  .16) (.16, .12, .18,  .10,  .16,  .11)
Step: 5. Compute i and Z i
Decision matrix for DM2 We have computed the values of i by eq. (9) and the
M2 = values of Z i by eq. (10), the values are presented as
c1 C2 C3 follows:
A1 (.6, .3, .4,  .5,  .3,  .7) (.5, .3, .4,  .3,  .3,  .4) (.1, .5, .7,  .5,  .2,  .6) 1 = 0.75, 2 = 0.38, 3 = 0.60, 4 = 0. 75 and Z1 =
A2 (.7, .4, .5,  .3,  .2,  .1) (.8, .4, .5,  .7,  .3,  .2) ( .6, .2, .7, .5, .2, .9)
0.34, Z 2 = 0.16, Z 3 = 0.33, Z 4 = 0.34
A3 (.8, .3, .2,  .5,  .2,  .6) (.3, .2, .1,  .6,  .3,  .4) (.7,.5,.4, .4, .3,  .2)
A4 (.3, .5, .2,  .5,  .5,  .2) (.5, .6, .4,  .3,  .6,  .7) (.4, .3, .8, .5, .6, .5) Step: 6. Calculate the values of i
Using 0.5 , and eq. (11) and eq. (12), we obtain
Decision matrix for DM3 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.77, 4 = 1
M3 =
c1
Step: 7. Rank the priority of alternatives
C2 C3
A
1 (.9, .6, .4,  .7,  .3,  .2) (.7, .5, .3,  .6,  .2,  .5) (.4, .2, .3,  .2,  .5,  .7) The preference order of the alternatives based on the
A2 (.5, .3, .2,  .6,  .4,  .1) (.5, .2, .7,  .3,  .2,  .5) ( .6, .3, .2, .7, .6, .3) traditional rules of the VIKOR strategy is
A3 (.2, .5, .6,  .4,  .5,  .7) (.3, .2, .7,  .2,  .3,  .5) (.8,.2,.4, .2, .3,  .6) A 2 A3 A 4 A 1 .
A4 (.8, .5, .5,  .4,  .6,  .3) (.9, .3, .4,  .5,  .6,  .7) (.7, .4, .3, .2, .5, .7)
6. The influence of parameter
Step: 2. Normalization of the decision matrix In this section, we present sensitivity analysis to show
the impact of different values of the decision making
Since all the criteria are considered as benefit type, we do mechanism coefficient on ranking order of the
not need to normalize the decision matrices (M1, M2, M3). alternatives Figure 2 represents the graphical
Step: 3. Aggregated decision matrix representation of alternatives ( A i ) versus (i = 1, 2,
Using eq. (3), the aggregated decision matrix is 3, 4) for different values of .
presented as follows:
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Table 1 shows that the ranking order of alternatives ( A i ) with the value of changing from 0.1 to 0.9.
Values of Values of i Preference order of alternatives
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
64 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018
= 0.1 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.915, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.2 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.880, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.3 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.845, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.4 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.810, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.5 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.770, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.6 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.740, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.7 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.700, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.8 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.670, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
= 0.9 1 = 1, 2 = 0, 3 = 0.640, 4 = 1 A 2 A3 A 4 = A1 .
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
1.0
0.8
Values of
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
f
so
0.5
lue
Va
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
A1 A2 A3 A4
Alternatives
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018 65
Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
Making strategy under Bipolar Neutrosophic Set Environment
66 Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 19, 2018
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Surapati Pramanik, Shyamal Dalapati, Shariful Alam, Tapan Kumar Roy, VIKOR Based Multi Attribute Group Decision
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