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FOREIGN POLICY ANALYSIS

•As a field of study, foreign policy analysis is


characterized by its actor-specific focus.
•In the simplest terms, it is the study of the process,
effects, causes, or outputs of foreign policy decision-
making in either a comparative or case-specific
manner.
•The underlying and often implicit argument theorizes
that human beings, acting as a group or within a
group, compose and cause change in international
politics.
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FOREIGN POLICY

•A State’s action to achieve power (External sources)


through international community
• It could be done in either domestic or external area
•Foreign policy analysis involves the study of decision
making process, FPA involves the study of both
international and domestic politics.

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LEVEL OF ANALYSIS

INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL ANALYSIS
STATE-LEVEL ANALYSIS
SYSTEM-LEVEL ANALYSIS

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INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL ANALYSIS

•Humans as a Species
•Cognitive Factors
•Emotional Factors
•Psychological Factors
•Biological Factors
•Perceptions
•Organizational Behavior
•Role Behavior
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INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL ANALYSIS

•Decision-Making Behavior within Organizations


•Leaders and Their Individual Traits
•Personality
•Physical and Mental Health
•Ego and Ambition
•Political History and Personal Experiences
•Perceptions and Operational Reality
•Policy as a Mix of Rational and Irrational Factors
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STATE-LEVEL ANALYSIS

Making Foreign Policy: Type of Government,


Situation, and Policy
Type of Government and the Foreign Policy
Process
Type of Situation and the Foreign Policy
Process
Type of Policy and the Foreign Policy
Process
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STATE-LEVEL ANALYSIS

•Making Foreign Policy: Political Culture


•Foreign Policy–Making Actors
•Heads of Government and Other Political
•Executives
•Bureaucracies
•Legislatures
•Interest Groups
•The People
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SYSTEM-LEVEL ANALYSIS

•Structural Characteristics
•The Organization of Authority
•Scope, Level, and Intensity of
Interactions
•Power Relationships

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SYSTEM-LEVEL ANALYSIS

The Number of Powerful Actors


The Context of Power
Economic Realities
Norms
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3 KONSEP SISTEM INTERNASIONAL

REALISM LIBERALISM CONSTRUCTIVISM

Main Theoretical Anarchy States want Collective norms


Proposition States compete for progress and and social
power and security prosperity identities shape
Commitment to behavior
liberal values
Main instrument Military & Institution, liberal Ideas and
Policy Economic power values, networks of Discourse
interdependence

Post-Cold War Resurgence of Increased Agnostis: depends


Predicition Great power cooperation as on content of ideas
competition liberal values
spread

Thursday, June 11, 2015 Master Ilmu Pemerintahan UMY 10


CONCEPT OF FOREIGN POLICY DECISION MAKING PROCESS

external context/international community

DOMESTIC POLITICS

FOREIGN POLICY DECISION


ECONOMY CONDITIONS
MAKING

MILITARY CONDITIONS

external context/international community


06/11/15 lab.class
Which one is more proper to cut a tree?
Which one is more proper fit to shave beard?