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FLORA TEMPERATE

BROA D LEA F
FAU NA : F O R E ST

Broad-winged Hawks, Snowy Owls, Pileated
Woodpeckers, White-tailed Deer, Porcupines, Red Foxes

A DA PTAT I O N S: Lichen:
1) The black bear is an animal that is well adapted for A simple slow-growing plant that
the temperate deciduous forest biome. It has a heavy typically forms a low crust-like, leaflike,
coat made of many layers of fur to deal with the or branching growth on rocks, walls,
winter cold. Black bears have long claws that help and trees.
them to climb trees.This is an essential adaptation
because black bears often live in hollowed trees.

2) Animals such as squirrels and chipmunks have


learned to gather nuts and seed and store them in
hollow logs or holes to prepare for the winter because
the temperate biome has four distinct seasons.

Citations
“Temperate Broadleaf Forest.” Temperate Broadleaf Forest · University of Puget
Sound, www.pugetsound.edu/academics/academic-resources/slater-museum/
biodiversity-resources/world-biomes/characteristics-of-bioclimatic/temperate-
Ferns:
broadleaf-forest/.
“Temperate Broadleaf Deciduous Forest.” Biomes of the World, php.radford.edu/
any of several nonflowering vascular
~swoodwar/biomes/?page_id=94.
“Temperate Deciduous Forests: Biome Information, Facts.” Untamed Science, plants that possess true roots, stems,
www.untamedscience.com/biology/biomes/temperate-deciduous-forests/.
“Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome Facts.” Math, www.softschools.com/facts/ and complex leaves and that reproduce
biomes/temperate_deciduous_forest_biome_facts/161/.
Carter, Kari Norborg. “How Do Lichens Adapt to the Temperate Forest?” Sciencing, by spores.
24 Apr. 2017, sciencing.com/lichens-adapt-temperate-forest-12325770.html.

Forests of wide leaves, large


Photos:
https://image.slidesharecdn.com/temperatedeciduousforest-140221162452-
phpapp01/95/temperate-deciduous-forest-2-638.jpg?cb=1392999921
https://www.world-builders.org/lessons/less/biomes/deciduous/decfor/dec-chain.gif
https://www.pugetsound.edu/files/pages/Kennesaw%20Mountain%2026925.jpg
https://s3.amazonaws.com/user-media.venngage.com/
H U M A N I M PA C T and small trees, large
wicked canopy and non
865174-1e8b65c4be2f7917966eeae5f7809c6e.jpg
http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/portals/wildlife/Species%20and%20Habitats/Species Almost all temperate deciduous forests
%20Guide%20Index/Images/photogallery/deer4.jpg
have been severely impacted by human use.
seasonal vegetation.
https://www.nwf.org/-/media/NEW-WEBSITE/Shared-Folder/Wildlife/Mammals/
mammal_red-fox-kit-nebraska_william-wiley_600x300.ashx
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images? In Europe and North America, less than 1%
q=tbn:ANd9GcQfcT6zR5G5WdsChNg26v7Yb-
HT8QXlTTnC8cVEBGgdfpjj86ISOw of all temperate deciduous forests remain
https://biomesfirst10.wikispaces.com/file/view/forest.jpg/168560867/267x180/
forest.jpg in undisturbed state, free of logging,
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images? Hannah Beldotti
q=tbn:ANd9GcSZFDpPbDvv4oqp6z4kHryJD9x971HF2uaWlaYlMnW0OBdrVTj grazing, deforestation or other intensive
E/F Even
use.
AP Biology
S Y M B I O T I C R E L AT I O N S H I P S
1. Commensalism in the Temperate Deciduous forest is the relationship between the squirrel
and the tree-the squirrel uses the tree for protection,but the tree isn't harmed.
2. Mutualism in the temperate deciduous forest is the relationship between the bird and the
deer. The bird eats the insects off of the deer ,so the bird gets a meal and the deer is insect
free.

INTERESTING FACTS: LO C AT ION (S):


The Temperate Broadleaf Forest is a forest that is
1. The temperate deciduous forest biome is
located in several parts of the world like: East United
States, most of Europe, East Australia, East China,
subdivided into five zones. The zone levels
most of Japan and Korea, the western edge of British
are dependent upon the height of the Columbia, and New Zealand.
tree. From tallest to shortest the are the
tree stratum zone, the small tree and
sapling zone, the shrub zone, the herb WEATHER:
zone, and the ground zone.
Average Temperature:
2. Many of the trees in the temperate forest Winter: — 22° F — 30° F
contain sap which they use to keep their Summer: 80° F — 90° F
roots from freezing during the winter. Average Rainfall:
30 — 60 inches per year Winter Image of Forest Summer Image of Forest
3. Some insect of the forest cannot survive
winter so they lay eggs before they die.
These eggs can survive winter and hatch F O O D W E B:
Tertiary Consumers: Bears
once spring arrives.
Secondary Consumers: Foxes, Owls, Birds
4. The largest temperate deciduous forest is
Primary Consumers: Deer, Rodants
in the eastern part of North America
Producers: Trees, Plants
which was almost completely deforested
Decomposers: Fungi
by 1850 for agricultural purposes.