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Annotated Bibliography on Hunger

Paola Tovar

University of Texas at El Paso



This annotated bibliography talks about the issue of hunger around the world and how it affects

everyone. It addresses some of the causes and tries to give some examples of how it can be

minimized. It connects to how the engineering department works and is still working to end

world hunger. Engineering has to do a lot with machines and technology. Therefore, this makes

it much easier for machines to work to find solutions or ways to help feed more people in the

world. Engineering is always innovating many things, so there exist machines that can work to

alter genetic food and therefore increase its production. There are even more solutions to this

huge problem, but engineering is definitely a way that people can start contributing to make a

change. Some of the problems that cause hunger are also explained in this annotated

bibliography and further explains why engineering would be one of the best solutions to hunger.

Annotated Bibliography on Hunger

I hope to discover the many activities or clubs organized by UTEP that are helping the

issue of hunger. It is also important to discover how is the engineering department, which is the

focus on my studies, working towards this issue. All of the departments and the university itself

should be collaborating to find ways to minimize this issue that happens throughout the world. I

also hope to discover if there exist organizations that help people who suffer from hunger. All of

this should tie together with the idea of how our community can change this issue.

Research Questions

1. How is the engineering department contributing to minimize hunger?

2. How can machines of the engineering department help contribute to hunger?

Becker, E., & Barboza, D. (2003, May 29). Battle Over Biotechnology Intensifies Trade War.

New York Times. p. C1.

This article talks about how President Bush gave Europeans the idea to start with the

trade of altered crops. Europeans did not accept this since they said that it was a threat to

the lives of humans. Bush said that this was to help end world hunger and that research

had been done to confirm that altered crop do not affect the lives of humans. The United

States has invested a lot of money in biotechnology and all to help end hunger around the

world. This source is important because it deals with how altered crops started in the

United States for a specific purpose and how they wanted to share this crops to the rest of

the world by trading.

Johnson, D. G. (1975). World food problems and prospects. Washington, D.C.: American

Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.


The author of this book is given a lot of credibility due to his involvement in the

University of Chicago where he served as professor of economics and president of

several organizations that helped with hunger and economics. This book talks about the

problems of world hunger and gives some examples of how we can help minimize this

issue. Some of the problems that cause hunger are the high prices of food production and

some of the food crisis that have occurred. Johnson states that there are several factors

and solutions that contribute to ending world hunger. Humans must all work to find more

solutions and help with this issue. This is to help famine and deaths of people which

occur every year due to hunger.

Jordan, C. F. (2002). Genetic engineering, the farm crisis, and world hunger. Bioscience, 52(6),

523-529. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2002)052[0523:getfca];2

This article talks about how genetic engineering would benefit not only farmers but also

anyone working to end world hunger. It solves some problems that farmers face which

are to decrease diseases and pests. It can even increase the income of many farmers and

at the same time decrease the price of food. The use of genetic altered food protects the

environment since there would be less use of pesticides that affect the world. All of this

information is relevant to the research of hunger because this article is working to explain

the benefits of genetic engineering. There are more solutions that are stated in this source

as to how there are other ways to end hunger.

Molnar, J. J., & Clonts, A. H. (1983). Agricultural development and technology transfer:

Technology as a source of economic and social advancement in developing countries.

Transferring food poduction technology to developing nations (pp. 1-11). Boulder, CO:

Westview Press, Inc.


This article talks about the development of technology and the advancement of it.

Technology affects the development of farming in positive ways. An example of a

positive benefit is economics. It helps with the decrease in high prices in food production.

This source provides a general example of the technology process and the role that is

played internationally in hunger. It is also a social advancement that helps agriculture and

the development of it. Technology is a great way to help advance with the altering of

crops and can definitely help to minimize or even end world hunger. The author of this

article claims that technology is the solution to this big issue.

Molnar, J. J., & Clonts, A. H. (1983). Agricultural development and technology transfer:

International technology transfer. In N. C. Brady (Ed.), Transferring food poduction

technology to developing nations (pp. 16-27). Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.

This source talks about the international technology trade and the benefits of trading with

many nations. Improved technologies have occurred throughout many years, and

continues to ameliorate. The author claims that there is pros and cons to having machines

work for farming and altered crops. One of the pros is that it sometimes is cheaper to

have machines work than having humans do the work themselves. It is also more

efficient and is able to be done in time. At the same time, it is not good since it takes jobs

away from thousands of people and affects their economy even though the price of food

may lower. As a result, technology can benefit and affect at the same time the economy

of a country, which leads to hunger.

Pringle, P. (2003). Hunger and the biotech wars. World Policy Journal, 20(2), 43-50. Retrieved


This article explains about how the genetic altered foods started and how it started

spreading. Americans were one of the first ones to use altered crops and they had planted

130 millions of acres around the world with modified seeds, but the companies had not

yet fully convinced many countries that altered crops would help the economy. Even

countries in Africa, where there is a lot of starvation, were not convinced that the

modified seeds were safe for the environment and for humans themselves. Some of the

cons of having altered crops were that they could produce harmful toxins and substances

and therefore affect the health of humans.

Provencher, L., & Riechert, S. E. (1991). Short-term effects of hunger conditioning on spider

behavior, predation, and gain of weight. Oikos, 62(2), 160-166. doi:10.2307/3545261

The author of this article states that genetic engineering is not the only solution to end

world hunger and that high population is not the only problem leading to world hunger.

The reason there is hunger is poverty and inequality because there is enough food in the

world today to feed everyone and actually make them obese. Research has shown that

genetic altered food does not increase the crops planted. In fact, altered crops threatens

agriculture because of the use of chemicals. The author claims that the way to end world

hunger is to help do something about poverty. Also, inequality takes a big role in ending

hunger around the world because not everyone gets the same opportunity to have money

or the food needed to survive.