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Answer all questions in this section.

1. The electric field strength is the

A Work done to bring a proton to a point
B Electrostatic force that acts on a proton placed at a point
C Electrostatic force that acts on a unit of positive charge at a point
D Work done to bring a unit of positive charge from infinity to a point
Ans: C

2. Which diagram shows the resultant electric field when a conduction plate is placed in
between two parallel metal plates which are connected to a constant voltage supply.


3. Electric field around electric dipole is shown in the diagram below.

S1,S2,S3, and S4 are four Gaussian surfaces. Which surface has no net electric flux?
A S1 B S2 C S3 D S4 Ans:A

4. A parallel plate capacitor with dielectric is shown in the diagram below.

The charges on the capacitor plates are +Q and -Q. which statement is not true about the
A The electric field within the dielectric is uniform
B The electric field between the plates is dependent on the net surface charge density
C The induced charges on the surface of the dielectric are equal in magnitude to the
charge of the capacitor plates.
D The electric field due to the induced charges is in the opposite direction to the electric
field due to the charges on the capacitor plates.

5. Charges can be induced on a dielectric surface because

A Charge carries in dielectric are electron hole pairs
B Electric field cannot pass through the dielectric
C Molecules in the dielectric can be polarised
D Charges in the dielectric can move freely
Ans: C

6. A parallel-plate capacitor with separation of plated d which is fully charged by a battery to

charge Q0 is shown in the diagram below


7. The potential difference across a capacitor of 2200 µF decreases to 25% from its initial
value in time, T, when the capacitor is discharged through a resistor of 25 kΩ. What is the
value of T?
A 76 s B 41 s C 16 s D 14 s
Ans: A, CR=55s; V=V0𝑒 55 ; 76 s

8. Drift velocity of free electron in a metal conductor is

A The most probable speed of the free electron in the conductor
B The root mean square speed of the free electrons in the conductor
C The mean velocity of the free electrons in the conductor which is due to electric
D The mean velocity of the free electrons in the conductor which is due to its random

9. A conductor of a cross sectional area which decreases with a diameter with a distance x,
is shown in the diagram below.

When a current, I , flows through the conductor, which graph shows the variation of
current density,J,with the distance x ?

Ans: D

10. Bulb J and bulb K are rated at 60W, 240 V and 100 W, 240 V respectively. If the filamen
of both bulbs are made of the same material and have the same length, the filamen of K
A Lower resistivity B Larger resistance
C Lower conductivity D Larger cross-sectional area
Ans: D

11. The element of a kettle is made from nichrome ribbon of length 5.00 m, width 1.00 mm
and thickness 0.0500 mm. When a current of 2.00 A flows in the element, the dissipated
power is 500 W. what is the resistivity of the nichrome?
A 2.00 x 10-5 Ωm B 2.50 x 10-6 Ωm
C 1.25 x 10-6 Ωm D 1.58 x 10-7 Ωm
Ans: C

12. A copper wire of diameter 1.5 mm has an electric resistance of 4.0 Ω. If the resistivity of
the copper is 1.7 x 10-8 Ωm, the length of the copper wire is
A 2.4 m B 26.0 m
C 420.0 m D 1700.0 m

13. Three resistors of resistance 3.0 Ω, 5.0 Ω and 8.0 Ω, and three batteries of e.m.f 1.5
V,6.0 V and 12 V are connected in series as shown in the circuit below.

The electric potential at point E with respect to point F is

A -15 V B -4.6 V
C 4.6 V D 15 V
Ans: B

14. Which is not true about the shunt used to convert a galvanometer into an ammeter?
A It has a very low resistance
B It prevents current from flowing through the galvanometer
C It is always connected in parallel with the galvanometer
D It diverts part of the current from flowing through the galvanometer

15. A conductor of length 0.15 m carrying a constant current I, flowing at an angle 30º to a
magnetic field of 1.8 T is shown in the diagram below

The cross-sectional area of the conductor is 2.5 cm2 and the charge carrier density
is 3.4 x 1028 m-3. If the magnetic force on the conductor is 4.4 N, what is the drift velocity
of free electrons in the conductor?
A 3.6 x 10-6 ms-1 B 1.2 x 10-5 ms-1
C 1.4 x 10-5 ms-1 D 2.4 x 10-5 ms-1

SECTION B [15 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.

16. (a) A parallel plate capacitor of surface area 0.25 m2 has plate separation of 0.55 cm in
free space and potential difference of 0.80 kV. Determine the charge stored in the
capacitor. [3 marks]

(b) The charged capacitor in (a) is then discharged through a circuit connected to a
resistor of 20 kΩ. Determine
(i) The time taken for the charge in the capacitor to decrease to half of its initial
value. [2 marks]

(ii) The current after 2.0 µs. [3 marks]

17. A conducting sphere has a radius of 16.0 cm. It is charged to a voltage of 500 V.
(a) Calculate the charge on the sphere. [2 marks]

(b) Determine the radius of the equipotential surface around the sphere of electric
potential (i) 400 V (ii) 300 V [3 marks]

(c) Use your answer in (b) to sketch a diagram to show the sphere with equipotential
surfaces of 400 V and 300 V. Mark values of the electric potential and the direction
of the electric field outside the sphere. [2 marks]

SECTION C [30 marks]

Answer any two questions.

18. (a) A copper wire has length 1.75 km and diameter 2.55 mm. A potential difference of
115 V is applied across the wire and current flows through a wire for 180.0 s.
(i) Determine the current in the copper wire. [3 marks]
(ii) Calculate the drift velocity in the copper wire. [2 marks]
(iii) Determine the total number of electrons which passes through a point in the
copper wire. [3 marks]
[The resistivity of copper is 1.70 x 10-8 Ωm and electron density is 8.49 x 1028 m-3]
(b) A torch light has four dry cells which has 1.5 V each and a bulb labelled
25 W, 9.0 V. Each cell is identical, arranged in series and has internal resistance
of 0.10 Ω.
(i) Determine the maximum current in the torch light. [2 marks]
(ii) Calculate the resistance of the bulb in the torch light. [2 marks]
(iii) Calculate the current flowing through the bulb. [3 marks]

19. (a) Describe the changes in electrostatic quantities of a parallel plate capacitor when
a dielectric material is inserted between the plates. [3 marks]
(b) Two identical air gapped parallel plate capacitors, X and Y, each has a
capacitance of 20.0 µF, A material with dielectric constant of 3.55 is inserted into
the air gap of capacitor Y. The two capacitors are then connected in series to a
battery of 12.0V. Determine
(i) The effective capacitance of the circuit, [3 marks]
(ii) The energy stored in each capacitor in the circuit, [4 marks]
(c) A capacitor of capacitance 47.0 µF is fully charged by a battery of 6.0 V. The
capacitor is then connected to a discharging circuit of a camera flash containing a
resistance of 200 Ω.
(i) Determine the time constant. [2 marks]
(ii) Calculate the amount of charge remained in the capacitor after 10.0 s. [2 marks]
(iii) State the effect on the power of the camera flash if a smaller value of resistance is
used. [1 mark]

20. (a) State Kirchhoff’s laws. [2 marks]
(b) An electric circuit consisting of three resistors and two cells with negligible internal
resistance is shown in the diagram below.

Determine the
(i) Current I, which passes through the 5.0 Ω resistor, [1 mark]
(ii) e.m.f, E, [2 marks]
(iii) Resistance, R, [2 marks]
(c) A 9.0 V cell with negligible internal resistance, a potential divider P with slider Q,
two switches S1 and S2 and two identical bulbs B1 and B2 are connected as
shown in the diagram below.

Q is at the centre of the potential divider. The resistance of P is 100 Ω. Bulb B 1

and B2 each rated 4.5 V, 15.0 W.
(i) Calculate the resistance of the bulb when it functions normally. [2 marks]
(ii) When both switches are closed, what happens to the bulbs? [2 marks]
(iii) Switch S2 is then opened, what happens to bulb B1? Give reasons for your
answer. [4 marks]