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# SECTION C (15 MARKS)

## 1. The electric field strength is the

A Work done to bring a proton to a point
B Electrostatic force that acts on a proton placed at a point
C Electrostatic force that acts on a unit of positive charge at a point
D Work done to bring a unit of positive charge from infinity to a point
Ans: C

2. Which diagram shows the resultant electric field when a conduction plate is placed in
between two parallel metal plates which are connected to a constant voltage supply.

Ans:C

## 3. Electric field around electric dipole is shown in the diagram below.

S1,S2,S3, and S4 are four Gaussian surfaces. Which surface has no net electric flux?
A S1 B S2 C S3 D S4 Ans:A

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4. A parallel plate capacitor with dielectric is shown in the diagram below.

The charges on the capacitor plates are +Q and -Q. which statement is not true about the
capacitor?
A The electric field within the dielectric is uniform
B The electric field between the plates is dependent on the net surface charge density
C The induced charges on the surface of the dielectric are equal in magnitude to the
charge of the capacitor plates.
D The electric field due to the induced charges is in the opposite direction to the electric
field due to the charges on the capacitor plates.
Ans:C

## 5. Charges can be induced on a dielectric surface because

A Charge carries in dielectric are electron hole pairs
B Electric field cannot pass through the dielectric
C Molecules in the dielectric can be polarised
D Charges in the dielectric can move freely
Ans: C

## 6. A parallel-plate capacitor with separation of plated d which is fully charged by a battery to

charge Q0 is shown in the diagram below

2
ANS:A

7. The potential difference across a capacitor of 2200 µF decreases to 25% from its initial
value in time, T, when the capacitor is discharged through a resistor of 25 kΩ. What is the
value of T?
A 76 s B 41 s C 16 s D 14 s
−𝑡
Ans: A, CR=55s; V=V0𝑒 55 ; 76 s

## 8. Drift velocity of free electron in a metal conductor is

A The most probable speed of the free electron in the conductor
B The root mean square speed of the free electrons in the conductor
C The mean velocity of the free electrons in the conductor which is due to electric
field
D The mean velocity of the free electrons in the conductor which is due to its random
motion
Ans:C

9. A conductor of a cross sectional area which decreases with a diameter with a distance x,
is shown in the diagram below.

When a current, I , flows through the conductor, which graph shows the variation of
current density,J,with the distance x ?

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Ans: D

10. Bulb J and bulb K are rated at 60W, 240 V and 100 W, 240 V respectively. If the filamen
of both bulbs are made of the same material and have the same length, the filamen of K
has
A Lower resistivity B Larger resistance
C Lower conductivity D Larger cross-sectional area
Ans: D

11. The element of a kettle is made from nichrome ribbon of length 5.00 m, width 1.00 mm
and thickness 0.0500 mm. When a current of 2.00 A flows in the element, the dissipated
power is 500 W. what is the resistivity of the nichrome?
A 2.00 x 10-5 Ωm B 2.50 x 10-6 Ωm
C 1.25 x 10-6 Ωm D 1.58 x 10-7 Ωm
Ans: C

12. A copper wire of diameter 1.5 mm has an electric resistance of 4.0 Ω. If the resistivity of
the copper is 1.7 x 10-8 Ωm, the length of the copper wire is
A 2.4 m B 26.0 m
C 420.0 m D 1700.0 m
Ans:C

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13. Three resistors of resistance 3.0 Ω, 5.0 Ω and 8.0 Ω, and three batteries of e.m.f 1.5
V,6.0 V and 12 V are connected in series as shown in the circuit below.

## The electric potential at point E with respect to point F is

A -15 V B -4.6 V
C 4.6 V D 15 V
Ans: B

14. Which is not true about the shunt used to convert a galvanometer into an ammeter?
A It has a very low resistance
B It prevents current from flowing through the galvanometer
C It is always connected in parallel with the galvanometer
D It diverts part of the current from flowing through the galvanometer
Ans:B

15. A conductor of length 0.15 m carrying a constant current I, flowing at an angle 30º to a
magnetic field of 1.8 T is shown in the diagram below

The cross-sectional area of the conductor is 2.5 cm2 and the charge carrier density
is 3.4 x 1028 m-3. If the magnetic force on the conductor is 4.4 N, what is the drift velocity
of free electrons in the conductor?
A 3.6 x 10-6 ms-1 B 1.2 x 10-5 ms-1
C 1.4 x 10-5 ms-1 D 2.4 x 10-5 ms-1
Ans:D

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SECTION B [15 marks]

## Answer all questions in this section.

16. (a) A parallel plate capacitor of surface area 0.25 m2 has plate separation of 0.55 cm in
free space and potential difference of 0.80 kV. Determine the charge stored in the
capacitor. [3 marks]

(b) The charged capacitor in (a) is then discharged through a circuit connected to a
resistor of 20 kΩ. Determine
(i) The time taken for the charge in the capacitor to decrease to half of its initial
value. [2 marks]

## (ii) The current after 2.0 µs. [3 marks]

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17. A conducting sphere has a radius of 16.0 cm. It is charged to a voltage of 500 V.
(a) Calculate the charge on the sphere. [2 marks]

(b) Determine the radius of the equipotential surface around the sphere of electric
potential (i) 400 V (ii) 300 V [3 marks]

(c) Use your answer in (b) to sketch a diagram to show the sphere with equipotential
surfaces of 400 V and 300 V. Mark values of the electric potential and the direction
of the electric field outside the sphere. [2 marks]

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SECTION C [30 marks]

## Answer any two questions.

18. (a) A copper wire has length 1.75 km and diameter 2.55 mm. A potential difference of
115 V is applied across the wire and current flows through a wire for 180.0 s.
(i) Determine the current in the copper wire. [3 marks]
(ii) Calculate the drift velocity in the copper wire. [2 marks]
(iii) Determine the total number of electrons which passes through a point in the
copper wire. [3 marks]
[The resistivity of copper is 1.70 x 10-8 Ωm and electron density is 8.49 x 1028 m-3]
(b) A torch light has four dry cells which has 1.5 V each and a bulb labelled
25 W, 9.0 V. Each cell is identical, arranged in series and has internal resistance
of 0.10 Ω.
(i) Determine the maximum current in the torch light. [2 marks]
(ii) Calculate the resistance of the bulb in the torch light. [2 marks]
(iii) Calculate the current flowing through the bulb. [3 marks]

19. (a) Describe the changes in electrostatic quantities of a parallel plate capacitor when
a dielectric material is inserted between the plates. [3 marks]
(b) Two identical air gapped parallel plate capacitors, X and Y, each has a
capacitance of 20.0 µF, A material with dielectric constant of 3.55 is inserted into
the air gap of capacitor Y. The two capacitors are then connected in series to a
battery of 12.0V. Determine
(i) The effective capacitance of the circuit, [3 marks]
(ii) The energy stored in each capacitor in the circuit, [4 marks]
(c) A capacitor of capacitance 47.0 µF is fully charged by a battery of 6.0 V. The
capacitor is then connected to a discharging circuit of a camera flash containing a
resistance of 200 Ω.
(i) Determine the time constant. [2 marks]
(ii) Calculate the amount of charge remained in the capacitor after 10.0 s. [2 marks]
(iii) State the effect on the power of the camera flash if a smaller value of resistance is
used. [1 mark]

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20. (a) State Kirchhoff’s laws. [2 marks]
(b) An electric circuit consisting of three resistors and two cells with negligible internal
resistance is shown in the diagram below.

Determine the
(i) Current I, which passes through the 5.0 Ω resistor, [1 mark]
(ii) e.m.f, E, [2 marks]
(iii) Resistance, R, [2 marks]
(c) A 9.0 V cell with negligible internal resistance, a potential divider P with slider Q,
two switches S1 and S2 and two identical bulbs B1 and B2 are connected as
shown in the diagram below.

## Q is at the centre of the potential divider. The resistance of P is 100 Ω. Bulb B 1

and B2 each rated 4.5 V, 15.0 W.
(i) Calculate the resistance of the bulb when it functions normally. [2 marks]
(ii) When both switches are closed, what happens to the bulbs? [2 marks]
(iii) Switch S2 is then opened, what happens to bulb B1? Give reasons for your