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1.

What is the correct Lewis structure for hypochlorous acid, a compound containing chlorine,
hydrogen and oxygen?

.. ..
A. : Cl : O : H :
.. ..

.. ..
B. : Cl : H : O :
.. ..

.. ..
C. : Cl : O : H
.. ..

.. ..
D. O : Cl : H
.. ..
(Total 1 mark)

2. Which compound forms hydrogen bonds in the liquid state?

A. C2H5OH

B. CHCl3

C. CH3CHO

D. (CH3CH2)3N
(Total 1 mark)

3. How do the bond angles in CH4, NH3 and H2O compare?

A. CH4 = NH3 = H2O

B. CH4 < NH3 < H2O

C. NH3 < CH4 < H2O

D. H2O < NH3 < CH4


(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 1
4. Which combination of the characteristics of element X, a metal, and element Y, a non metal, is
most likely to lead to ionic bonding?

X Y
A. low ionization energy high electronegativity value
B. low ionization energy low electronegativity value
C. high ionization energy high electronegativity value
D. high ionization energy low electronegativity value
(Total 1 mark)

5. Which particles are responsible for electrical conductivity in metals?

A. Anions

B. Cations

C. Electrons

D. Protons
(Total 1 mark)

6. How many σ and π bonds are present in a molecule of propyne, CH3CCH?

σ π
A. 5 3
B. 6 2
C. 7 1
D. 8 0
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 2
7. Which species does not contain delocalized electrons?

A. CH3CH2O–

B. CH3CO2–

C. O3

D. NO3–
(Total 1 mark)

8. The Lewis structure of SO2 is given below.

.. ..
:O ―S O:
.. ..

What is the shape of the SO2 molecule?

A. Bent (V-shaped)

B. Linear

C. T-shaped

D. Triangular planar
(Total 1 mark)

9. Which molecule has a non-bonding (lone) pair of electrons on the central atom?

A. BF3

B. SO2

C. CO2

D. SiF4
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 3
10. When C2H2, C2H4 and C2H6 are arranged in order of increasing carbon-carbon bond strength
(weakest bond first), what is the correct order?

A. C2H2, C2H4, C2H6

B. C2H2, C2H6, C2H4

C. C2H6, C2H4, C2H2

D. C2H6, C2H2, C2H4


(Total 1 mark)

11. The number of electrons in the valence shell of elements A and B, are 6 and 7 respectively.
What is the formula and type of bonding in a compound formed by these elements?

A. A2B, covalent

B. AB2, covalent

C. A2B, ionic

D. AB2, ionic
(Total 1 mark)

12. Lewis structures are represented in different ways in different parts of the world. Two ways of
drawing the Lewis structure for H3O+ are shown below.

Which statement is correct about H3O+?

A. The ion has a tetrahedral shape.

B. The H–O–H bond angle is 120°.

C. The H–O–H bond angle is 90°.

D. The ion has a trigonal pyramidal shape.


(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 4
13. Which particles are responsible for the conduction of electricity in molten aluminium?

A. Cations

B. Anions

C. Electrons

D. Protons
(Total 1 mark)

14. How many sigma and pi bonds are there in propyne, CH3CCH?

A. 2 sigma and 2 pi

B. 7 sigma and 1 pi

C. 6 sigma and 2 pi

D. 5 sigma and 3 pi
(Total 1 mark)

15. Which species does not have delocalized electrons?

A. NO3–

B. NO2–

C. O3

D. C3H6
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 5
16. In which compound are all the carbon atoms sp2 hybridized?

(Total 1 mark)

17. Which combination of intermolecular forces, boiling point and enthalpy of vaporization is
correct?

Intermolecular forces Boiling point Enthalpy of vaporization


A. strong low low
B. strong high low
C. weak low high
D. weak low low
(Total 1 mark)

18. Which is the best description of the bonding present in the ammonium ion, NH4+?

A. Sharing of electrons between atoms

B. Electrostatic attraction between ions

C. Electrostatic attraction between positive ions and delocalized electrons

D. Sharing of electrons between atoms and electrostatic attraction between ions


(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 6
19. The formula of cerium(III) sulfate is Ce2(SO4)3. What is the correct formula of cerium(III)
phosphate?

A. CeP

B. Ce2(PO4)3

C. Ce3(PO4)2

D. CePO4
(Total 1 mark)

20. Which molecule has the shortest carbon-oxygen bond length?

A. CH3COOH

B. CH3CH2OH

C. CO2

D. CO
(Total 1 mark)

21. Which pair of compounds is arranged in correct order of relative boiling points?

Lower Boiling Point Higher Boiling Point


A. H2S H2O
B. NH3 PH3
C. HF HCl
D. CH3COOH CH3CH2OH
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 7
22. Which statement about the bonding between carbon atoms is correct?

A. In C60 fullerene each carbon atom is covalently bonded to three other carbon atoms.

B. In C60 fullerene each carbon atom is covalently bonded to four other carbon atoms.

C. In graphite each carbon atom is covalently bonded to four other carbon atoms.

D. In graphite each carbon atom forms a double covalent bond with three other carbon
atoms.
(Total 1 mark)

23. Which intermolecular forces exist between molecules of carbon monoxide, CO?

A. Hydrogen bonds and van der Waals’ forces

B. Dipole-dipole attractions and van der Waals’ forces

C. Van der Waals’ forces only

D. Dipole-dipole attractions only


(Total 1 mark)

24. Which pair of compounds is arranged in correct order of relative boiling points?

Lower Boiling Point Higher Boiling Point


A. CH3OCH3 CH3CH2OH
B. CH3CHO CH3CH2CH3
C. CH3CH2OH CH3CHO
D. CH3COOH CH3CH2OH
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 8
25. In which substance does a carbon atom have sp2 hybridization?

A. 2-methylbutan-1-ol

B. Propyne, CH3CCH

C. C60 fullerene

D. Diamond
(Total 1 mark)

26. What is the formula of magnesium fluoride?

A. Mg2F3

B. Mg2F

C. Mg3F2

D. MgF2
(Total 1 mark)

27. What is the shape of the ammonia molecule, NH3?

A. Trigonal planar

B. Trigonal pyramidal

C. Linear

D. V-shaped (bent)
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 9
28. Which molecule is polar?

A. CH2Cl2

B. BCl3

C. Cl2

D. CCl4
(Total 1 mark)

29. Which substance can form intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the liquid state?

A. CH3OCH3

B. CH3CH2OH

C. CH3CHO

D. CH3CH2CH3
(Total 1 mark)

30. Which compound has a covalent macromolecular (giant covalent) structure?

A. MgO(s)

B. Al2O3(s)

C. P4O10(s)

D. SiO2(s)
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 10
31. What is the electron configuration of Fe3+?

A. [Ar]4s23d6

B. [Ar]3d5

C. [Ar]4s23d5

D. [Ar]4s23d3
(Total 1 mark)

32. Which species have a dative covalent bond?

I. CO

II. NH3

III. H3O+

A. I and II only

B. I and III only

C. II and III only

D. I, II and III
(Total 1 mark)

33. The Lewis structure of XeF2 contains two bonding pairs of electrons and three non-bonding
pairs of electrons (lone pairs) around the central xenon atom. What is the shape of XeF2
molecule?

A. Bent

B. Trigonal bipyramidal

C. Square planar

D. Linear
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 11
34. How many sigma (σ) bonds are present in (CH3)2C=CClCH2CH3?

A. 1

B. 4

C. 16

D. 17
(Total 1 mark)

35. The electronegativities of four different elements are given below (the letters are not their
chemical symbols).

Element W X Y Z
Electronegativity 0.9 1.2 3.4 4.0

Based on this information which statement is correct?

A. W is a non-metal.

B. W and X form an ionic compound.

C. Y is a metal.

D. Y and Z form a covalent compound.


(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 12
36. Which species contain a dative covalent bond?

I. HCHO

II. CO

III. H3O+

A. I and II only

B. I and III only

C. II and III only

D. I, II and III
(Total 1 mark)

37. Which substance is made up of a lattice of positive ions and free moving electrons?

A. Graphite

B. Sodium chloride

C. Sulfur

D. Sodium
(Total 1 mark)

38. Which order is correct when the following compounds are arranged in order of increasing
melting point?

A. CH4 < H2S < H2O

B. H2S < H2O < CH4

C. CH4 < H2O < H2S

D. H2S < CH4 < H2O


(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 13
39. The graph below shows the first four ionization energies of four elements A, B, C and D (the
letters are not their chemical symbols). Which element is magnesium?

(Total 1 mark)

40. Which molecule has an octahedral shape?

A. SF6

B. PCl5

C. XeF4

D. BF3
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 14
41. Which species have delocalized electrons?

A. I and II only

B. I and III only

C. II and III only

D. I, II and III
(Total 1 mark)

42. What are the correct formulas of the following ions?

Ammonium Hydrogencarbonate Phosphate


A. NH4+ HCO32– PO4–
B. NH3+ HCO3– PO43–
C. NH4+ HCO32– PO42–
D. NH4+ HCO3– PO43–
(Total 1 mark)

43. What happens when magnesium metal reacts with chlorine gas?

A. Each magnesium atom loses two electrons and each chlorine atom gains two electrons.

B. Each magnesium atom gains one electron and each chlorine atom loses one electron.

C. Each magnesium atom loses two electrons and each chlorine atom gains one electron.

D. Each magnesium atom gains one electron and each chlorine atom loses two electrons.
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 15
44. Which is the best description of ionic bonding?

A. The electrostatic attraction between positively charged nuclei and an electron pair

B. The electrostatic attraction between positive ions and delocalized negative ions

C. The electrostatic attraction between positive ions and delocalized electrons

D. The electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions


(Total 1 mark)

45. Which is the best description of the bonding present in silicon dioxide, SiO2?

A. Each silicon atom forms four single covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

B. Each silicon atom forms two double covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

C. Each silicon atom forms two single covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.

D. Each silicon atom forms four double covalent bonds to oxygen atoms.
(Total 1 mark)

46. Which statements best describe the structure of sodium chloride, NaCl?

I. Each sodium ion is surrounded by six chloride ions.

II. The chloride ions are arranged octahedrally around each sodium ion.

III. The lattice forms a cubic structure.

A. I and II only

B. I and III only

C. II and III only

D. I, II and III
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 16
47. Which molecule contains a dative covalent (coordinate) bond?

A. HCN

B. H2O2

C. CO2

D. CO
(Total 1 mark)

48. Identify the hybridization of carbon atoms in this molecule

1 2 3 4
A. sp3 sp2 sp2 sp2
B. sp2 sp2 sp2 sp
C. sp3 sp sp2 sp
D. sp sp2 sp sp2
(Total 1 mark)

49. Which structure has delocalized π electrons?

A. O3

B. CO

C. HCN

D. CO2
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 17
50. Which statement best describes the intramolecular bonding in HCN(l)?

A. Electrostatic attractions between H+ and CN– ions

B. Only van der Waals’ forces

C. Van der Waals’ forces and hydrogen bonding

D. Electrostatic attractions between pairs of electrons and positively charged nuclei


(Total 1 mark)

51. Which statement best describes metallic bonding?

A. Electrostatic attractions between oppositely charged ions

B. Electrostatic attractions between a lattice of positive ions and delocalized electrons

C. Electrostatic attractions between a lattice of negative ions and delocalized protons

D. Electrostatic attractions between protons and electrons


(Total 1 mark)

52. Metal M has only one oxidation number and forms a compound with the formula MCO3.
Which formula is correct?

A. MNO3

B. MNH4

C. MSO4

D. MPO4
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 18
53. Which molecule has the shortest bond between carbon atoms?

A. C2H6

B. C2H4

C. C2H2

D. C2H4Cl2
(Total 1 mark)

54. How many bonding pairs and lone pairs of electrons surround the sulfur atom in the SF4
molecule?

Bonding pairs Lone pairs


A. 4 1
B. 4 0
C. 6 0
D. 8 2
(Total 1 mark)

55. Which of the following best describes the formation of π bonds?

A. They are formed by the sideways overlap of parallel orbitals.

B. They are formed by the axial overlap of orbitals.

C. They are formed by the sideways overlap of an s and p orbital.

D. They are formed by the axial overlap of either s or p orbitals.


(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 19
56. What compound is formed when lithium reacts with selenium?

A. LiSe

B. Li2Se

C. LiSe2

D. Li2Se2
(Total 1 mark)

57. How many non-bonding pairs of electrons are there in a nitrogen molecule?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3
(Total 1 mark)

58. Which molecule contains a bond angle of approximately 120°?

A. CH4

B. C2H2

C. C2H4

D. C2H6
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 20
59. Which compound does not form hydrogen bonds between its molecules?

A. CH3NH2

B. CH3COCH3

C. CH3COOH

D. CH3CH2OH
(Total 1 mark)

60. What is the correct order if the compounds are arranged in order of increasing boiling point?

A. CH4 < CH3Cl < SiH4 < CH3OH

B. CH3OH < CH4 < CH3Cl < SiH4

C. CH3OH < CH3Cl < SiH4 < CH4

D. CH4 < SiH4 < CH3Cl < CH3OH


(Total 1 mark)

61. What is the bond angle in the H3O+ ion?

A. 104°

B. 107°

C. 109°

D. 120°
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 21
62. How many atoms is each carbon directly bonded to in its allotropes?

Diamond Graphite C60 fullerene


A. 3 3 3
B. 4 3 3
C. 4 3 4
D. 4 4 3
(Total 1 mark)

63. What is the type of hybridization of the silicon and oxygen atoms in silicon dioxide?

Silicon Oxygen
A. sp3 sp3
B. sp3 sp2
C. sp2 sp3
D. sp2 sp2
(Total 1 mark)

64. What is the formula of the compound formed when aluminium reacts with oxygen?

A. Al3O2

B. Al2O3

C. AlO2

D. AlO3
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 22
65. Which statement is true for compounds containing only covalent bonds?

A. They are held together by electrostatic forces of attraction between oppositely charged
ions.

B. They are made up of metal elements only.

C. They are made up of a metal from the far left of the periodic table and a non-metal from
the far right of the periodic table.

D. They are made up of non-metal elements only.


(Total 1 mark)

66. How many electrons are used in the carbon-carbon bond in C2H2?

A. 4

B. 6

C. 10

D. 12
(Total 1 mark)

67. Which compound has the highest boiling point?

A. CH3CH2CH3

B. CH3CH2OH

C. CH3OCH3

D. CH3CHO
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 23
68. What type of solid materials are typically hard, have high melting points and poor electrical
conductivities?

I. Ionic
II. Metallic
III. Covalent-network

A. I and II only

B. I and III only

C. II and III only

D. I, II and III
(Total 1 mark)

69. How many sigma (σ) and pi (π) bonds are present in the structure of HCN?

σ π
A. 1 3
B. 2 3
C. 2 2
D. 3 1
(Total 1 mark)

70. How many lone pairs and bonding pairs of electrons surround xenon in the XeF4 molecule?
Lone pairs Bonding pairs
A. 4 8
B. 0 8
C. 0 4
D. 2 4
(Total 1 mark)

IB Questionbank Chemistry 24