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Program : ELEMENTARY FIRST AID

Deskripsi Diklat :

Standar Kompetensi : IMO Model Course 1.13


Alokasi Waktu :

No. Kode Fungsi dan


Kompetensi Dasar
Kompetensi

1 General Principles

2 Body Structure and


Functions

3 Positioning of Casualty
4 The Unconscious Casualty

5 Resuscitation

6 Bleeding

7 Management of Shock
8 Burns and Scalds, and
Accidents caused by
Electricity

9 Rescue and Transport of


Casualty
10 Other Topics

4 Evaluation & Assessment


TOTAL

Penilaian :
Komponen penilaian diklat ini meliputi kehadiran peserta diklat, pemahaman konsep dan aturan serta kete
1. Pemahaman Konsep : 30%
2. Performance Assessment : 30%
3. Post Test : 40%

Sumber Belajar
A. Teaching Aid (A) :
A1 Instructor Manual (Part D of the course)
A2 Videos

V1 A Matter of Life and Death (Code No. S64)


V2 Dealing with Shock (Code No. S6S)
V3 Bone and Muscle Injuries (Code No. S66)
V4 Dealing with the Unexpected (Code No. S67)
V5 Well Travelled? - Staying Healthy on Working Trips (Code No. S99

V6
Entering into Enclosed Spaces (Edition 2) (Code No. S34)
IMO and other reference (R) :
R1 The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers
R2 Medical section (pages 111 to 148) of International Code of Signals, 1987 edition (IMO Sales No. 994
R3 Assembly Resolution A.438(XI) - Training and qualification of persons in charge of medical care abo
R4 IMO/ILO Document for Guidance, 198S (IMO Sales No. 93SE)
R5 ILO/IMO/WHO International Medical Guide for Ships (IMGS), 2nd ed., (Geneva, World Health Orga
R6 Medical First Aid Guide for use in Accidents Involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG) (IMO Sales No. 2S1

D. Text Books (T) :


T1 A Course Compendium is provided for use as a textbook. This contains selected extracts from ILO/IM
SILABUS DIKLAT KETERAMPILAN PELAUT

ST AID

1.13

Alokasi Waktu
T P Metode
Materi Pokok
(jam) (jam) pembelajaran

1 0 - Ceramah
- Diskusi

- Ceramah
- Diskusi

2
1

1.5

1
1

1.5
2.5

n & Assessment 1 0
TAL 13.5 0

peserta diklat, pemahaman konsep dan aturan serta keterampilan/unjuk kerja:

)
ng Trips (Code No. S99

Code No. S34)


of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers, 199S (STCW 199S), 1998 edition (IMO Sales No. 938E)
ational Code of Signals, 1987 edition (IMO Sales No. 994E)
nd qualification of persons in charge of medical care aboard ship
O Sales No. 93SE)
or Ships (IMGS), 2nd ed., (Geneva, World Health Organization, 1988) (ISBN 92 4 1 S423,1 4)
Involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG) (IMO Sales No. 2S1 E)

s a textbook. This contains selected extracts from ILO/IMO/WHO International Medical Guide for Ships (Ref RS)
US DIKLAT KETERAMPILAN PELAUT

Indikator

.1 demonstrates how to raise the alarm


.2 states that in emergency first consideration is for own

.3 describes the sequence of immediate measures to be taken


in cases of emergency
.4 states the content of an emergency checklist as:
assessment of the accident situation

- assessment of own hazards to self


- unconsciousness
- respiratory arrest
- cardiac arrest
- severe bleeding
- rescue of casualty and notification of emergency

.1 describes body structure in terms of:


- skeleton
- joints, muscles and tendons
- major organs (brain, heart, lungs, etc)
- circulatory systems
.2 states in simple words the functions of the parts forming
the body structure

.1 describes appropriate procedures for positioning a casualty


in an emergency, in particular:
- the recovery position
- the resuscitation position
.2 demonstrates the correct procedure for positioning
casualties
.1 ecognizes the signs and hazards of unconsciousness
.2 applies appropriate measures, including:
- keeping air passaqes clear
- positioning of an unconscious casualty
- action in the case of respiratory or cardiac arrest
- no food, liquid or other substances by mouth

.1 recognizes the necessity of immediate resuscitation in


appropriate emergency situations
.2 applies resuscitation procedures alone and with the
assistance of a further person for a minimum period of ten
minutes, including:
- control of respiration
- function of reclined position of head
- mouth-to-mouth respiration
- mouth-to-nose respiration
- cardiac arrest
.3 in cases of cardiac arrest states the methods and limiting
factors of:
- cardiac massage
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

.1 recognizes the hazards of bleeding


.2 applies appropriate basic measures to limit bleeding, in
particular dealing with:
- internal/external bleeding
- shock (also refers to section 7)
- application of external pad and pressure to site
- positioning of patient
- application and dangers of a tourniquet

.1 states the main factors causing shock


.2 recognises the signs of shock as:
- colour of face
- rate and character of pulse
.3 applies the appropriate measures of basic shock
management
.4 states the essential measures of shock management as:
- stopping of bleeding
- protection from cooling
- early intake of ample fluids if the patient is conscious
- positioning of the patient
- no smoking
- no alcohol
- no active rewarming
.1 recognizes the signs of burns and scalds and of
accidents caused by electric current
.2 applies the appropriate measures for burns and scalds:
- cooling of the area as quickly as possible
.3 applies the appropriate measures for chemical burns:
- removal of clothes
- rinsing with ample water
.4 applies the appropriate measures for chemical burns of
eyes:
- rinsing of eyes with ample water
.5 applies the appropriate measures for accidents caused
by electric current:
- noting hazards to rescuers
- isolation of the casualty
- protection from collapse
- control of vital functions

.1 applies appropriate transportation alone and with the


assistance of a further person, taking into account the
confined spaces and varying heights on board ship
.2 identifies and uses:
- temporary and ad hoc aids for transport
- stretcher transport
- transport on a chair
- transport with a triangular cloth
- transport as illustrated in IMGS
.3 recognizes the hazards of transporting a patient with injury
of pelvis and/or spine and demonstrates the
correct procedures for the transport of such casualties
.1 bandaging:
- improvises bandages by means available
- uses bandaging materials in the emergency kit
- demonstrates the correct use of bandages
.2 enclosed spaces:
- recognizes the dangers when making entry
- states that the internal atmosphere may contain
dangerous gases or lack sufficient oxygen
- takes all necessary and appropriate precautions
.3 infectious diseases:
- recognizes the dangers from blood and other excretion
from persons suffering from infectious diseases,
particularly hepatitis, and from HIV-positive persons
- takes all necessary precautions for self protection when
dealing with such cases
- describes the correct procedures for disposing of blood
and other excretions in such cases
.4 personal health and hygiene:
- applies simple rules for maintaining health and personal
cleanliness

erja:
199S), 1998 edition (IMO Sales No. 938E)

ISBN 92 4 1 S423,1 4)

ational Medical Guide for Ships (Ref RS)


Pengalaman Belajar Sumber / Bahan / Alat

.1 demonstrates how to raise the alarm R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - PP. 1 -


.2 states that in emergency first consideration is for own 3 , V6 , V1

.3 describes the sequence of immediate measures to be


taken in cases of emergency
.4 states the content of an emergency checklist as:
assessment of the accident situation

- assessment of own hazards to self


- unconsciousness
- respiratory arrest
- cardiac arrest
- severe bleeding
- rescue of casualty and notification of emergency
R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - pp. 53
.1 describes body structure in terms of: - 60
- skeleton
- joints, muscles and tendons
- major organs (brain, heart, lungs, etc)
- circulatory systems
.2 states in simple words the functions of the parts forming
the body structure

R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - P.6 ,


.1 describes appropriate procedures for positioning a V1
casualty in an emergency, in particular:
- the recovery position
- the resuscitation position
.2 demonstrates the correct procedure for positioning
casualties
.1 ecognizes the signs and hazards of unconsciousness R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - pp.3 -
.2 applies appropriate measures, including: 6
- keeping air passaqes clear
- positioning of an unconscious casualty
- action in the case of respiratory or cardiac arrest
- no food, liquid or other substances by mouth

.1 recognizes the necessity of immediate resuscitation in R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - pp.6 -


appropriate emergency situations 14 V1
.2 applies resuscitation procedures alone and with the
assistance of a further person for a minimum period of ten
minutes, including:
- control of respiration
- function of reclined position of head
- mouth-to-mouth respiration
- mouth-to-nose respiration
- cardiac arrest
.3 in cases of cardiac arrest states the methods and limiting
factors of:
- cardiac massage
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

.1 recognizes the hazards of bleeding R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 pp.14


.2 applies appropriate basic measures to limit bleeding, in -17,40 42 . V2
particular dealing with:
- internal/external bleeding
- shock (also refers to section 7)
- application of external pad and pressure to site
- positioning of patient
- application and dangers of a tourniquet

.1 states the main factors causing shock R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 pp.17 -


.2 recognises the signs of shock as: 18, V2
- colour of face
- rate and character of pulse
.3 applies the appropriate measures of basic shock
management
.4 states the essential measures of shock management
as:
- stopping of bleeding
- protection from cooling
- early intake of ample fluids if the patient is conscious
- positioning of the patient
- no smoking
- no alcohol
- no active rewarming
R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - pp.18
.1 recognizes the signs of burns and scalds and of - 19, V4
accidents caused by electric current
.2 applies the appropriate measures for burns and scalds:
- cooling of the area as quickly as possible
.3 applies the appropriate measures for chemical burns:
- removal of clothes
- rinsing with ample water
.4 applies the appropriate measures for chemical burns of
eyes:
- rinsing of eyes with ample water
.5 applies the appropriate measures for accidents caused
by electric current:
- noting hazards to rescuers
- isolation of the casualty
- protection from collapse
- control of vital functions

.1 applies appropriate transportation alone and with the R4 - Sect.17, App.1, T1 - pp.44
assistance of a further person, taking into account the - 48, V4, R5
confined spaces and varying heights on board ship
.2 identifies and uses:
- temporary and ad hoc aids for transport
- stretcher transport
- transport on a chair
- transport with a triangular cloth
- transport as illustrated in IMGS
.3 recognizes the hazards of transporting a patient with injury
of pelvis and/or spine and demonstrates the
correct procedures for the transport of such casualties
.1 bandaging: T1 - pp.23 - 28,39,44, T1 -
- improvises bandages by means available p.43 , V3, V6, V5,
- uses bandaging materials in the emergency kit
- demonstrates the correct use of bandages
.2 enclosed spaces:
- recognizes the dangers when making entry
- states that the internal atmosphere may contain
dangerous gases or lack sufficient oxygen
- takes all necessary and appropriate precautions
.3 infectious diseases:
- recognizes the dangers from blood and other
excretion from persons suffering from infectious diseases,
particularly hepatitis, and from HIV-positive persons
- takes all necessary precautions for self protection
when dealing with such cases
- describes the correct procedures for disposing of
blood and other excretions in such cases
.4 personal health and hygiene:
- applies simple rules for maintaining health and
personal cleanliness

0
Metode
Penilaian

- Bertanya
lisan
- Observasi