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URBAN DESIGN PROJECT REPORT

KENDULI VILLAGE REDEVELOPMENT


WEST BENGAL PARITOSH JAIN
4TH YEAR - B
KENDULI VILLAGE - BAUL MELA

The Mela continues for 3 days. The day Kirtaniyas visit each other’s Akhras. The
before the fair starts marks the Agman fourth and the final day is referred to as
or the beginning of the festival when all Dhulat which signifies the breaking of
the Bauls, Sadhu- Sanyasis arrive at the Mela. Dhula means dust and all the
the Mela. Bauls believe that everything ultimately
turns to dust. The day is celebrated with
The first day is inaugurated with a holy abir khela. Abir is coloured dust (like in
bath in the Ajoy River in the morning Holi) and by smearing the colours on
and then the Bauls and Kirtaniyas sing each others’ faces, the day is ended
KOLKATA BIRBHUM DISTRICT KENDULI VILLAGE in their Akhras. This continues upto the on a happy note, followed by kola-kuli
second day of the Mela. which means embracing each other
and finally with vidaya or goodbye.
On the banks of the river Ajoy, Jaydev Kenduli is believed to be the birthplace of the famous On the third day, the Bauls and the
poet Jaydev. In his memory, an annual fair is organized here every year on the occasion of
Makar Sankranti from January 14th to 16th. The Jaydev Kenduli Baul Mela has been continuing
undisturbed and unperturbed at jaydev Kenduli village for over five-six centuries in the name of
the poet.

The Kenduli Mela in Birbhum is most well known for the gathering of the Bauls, a group of
mystic minstrels. They are the bearers of a unique musical tradition, who are identified by their
saffron attire and distinctive musical instrument, the Ektara. They have the proud distinction of
being included in the list of "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" by
UNESCO.

The Baul community earns their livelihood by singing. The most interesting characteristic of their
songs is that they convey profound philosophical view points of life using simple expressions.
They dexterously use inoffensive expressions in place of the ones considered offensive and yet
succeed in evincing their view point. You have the scope to listen to them if you visit the Kenduli
Mela in Birbhum. RADHA BINOD TEMPLE

The Kenduli Mela in Birbhum gives you the wonderful opportunity to hear to the music of these
wandering minstrels who believe in the simplicity of love and life. You are sure to be impressed
by their magnetic performances.

The Kenduli Mela in Birbhum is held on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. This occurs each year
in mid January. You are sure to enjoy this premiere festival of the Bauls who are indeed cultural
assets of the land.

Thousands of people every year come to the Jaydev Kenduli Mela to experience a slice of rural
India being brought alive in front of them where no one is there to judge you because of who
you are or how much money you have. Everyone just gives in to the simple pleasures of life.

Presently, the Mela centres on the Radhavinod temple established by Queen of Bardhaman in
1683. The temple is the life centre of the fair.
BAUL SINGERS
SITE ANALYSIS AND SITE SURROUNDINGS

BUILT UNBUILT

EXISTING V/S PROPOSED

JOYDEV KENDULI POPULATION


Joydev Kenduli is a village situated in Illambazar block of Birbhum district in West Bengal. As per the Population
Census 2011, there are total 793 families residing in the village Joydev Kenduli. The total population of Joydev
Kenduli is 3,280 out of which 1,694 are males and 1,586 are females thus the Average Sex Ratio of Joydev
Kenduli is 936.
LAND USE PATTERN
The population of Children of age 0-6 years in Joydev Kenduli village is 350 which is 11% of the total population.
There are 183 male children and 167 female children between the age 0-6 years. Thus as per the Census 2011
the Child Sex Ratio of Joydev Kenduli is 913 which is less than Average Sex Ratio (936) of Joydev Kenduli village.

As per the Census 2011, the literacy rate of Joydev Kenduli is 82.9%. Thus Joydev Kenduli village has higher
literacy rate compared to 61.6% of Birbhum district. The male literacy rate is 90.6% and the female literacy rate
is 74.63% in Joydev Kenduli village.

WORKING POPULATION
In Joydev Kenduli village out of total population, 1,086 were engaged in work activities. 63.8% of workers describe
their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 36.2% were involved in Marginal
activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. Of 1,086 workers engaged in Main Work, 93 were cultivators
(owner or co-owner) while 158 were Agricultural labourer.
KENDULI VILLAGE - MASTER PLAN
PRIMARY ROAD
AGRICULTURAL LAND
SECONDARY ROAD
WATER BODY
AGRICULTURAL LAND

GREEN SPACE

AGRICULTURAL LAND

BAUL ACADEMY ARTISAN’S VILLAGE

PROPOSED HOUSING TEMPLE SQUARE TIC AND GUEST HOUSE


COST EFFECTIVE MATERIALS/TECHNIQUES
It is a “50” hectare land project, spread at the bank of Ajoy river in a small village called
Kenduli in West Bengal. Aim of the project is redevelopment of an important village
which is built around “RADHA BINOD” national heritage temple and the whole
project revolves around with it as the main centre and providing and organizing
the infrastructure, functions which are already present in village.

The whole project aims at bringing together everyday activities and


cultural activities and making even more functional during mela time

My part of the project is a housing project spread over 11 hectares


of the site for low and medium income groups. it is proposed
in a way to promote mixed community and bringing together
different economical groups.

At present there are 750 dwellings built which includes


both temporary and permanent settlement therefore
for future expansion around 250 dwellings are
proposed to be built which is further bifurcated to
150 EWS, 80 LIG and 20 MIG dwellings.

All income house groups proposed are economical,


aesthetically pleasing and functional according to
needs and requirements of these families

The cluster of houses are located around central


green spaces or plazas and blend with the existing
houses.

Starting with only service cores and the basic


infrastructure, people will build their houses in
stages, according to their economic resources
and the available materials. Houses will be build
gradually but successfully as homeowners continue
to undertake incremental housing construction that
matches their own needs and ability to generate
resources. In initial stages of development, people
used inexpensive materials, but in later stages,
people mainly use bricks and reinforced concrete
as construction materials, resulting in more solid
and permanent structures.

TOTAL SITE AREA = 505857 SQ, M


• HOUSING LAND AREA = 111004 SQ M ( 22%)

• EXISTING STRUCTURES AREA = 7000 SQM


• PROPOSED DWELLINGS
• EWS HOUSING (35 SQ M) – 150 DWELLINGS = 5250 SQM
• LIG HOUSING (50SQ M) – 80 DWELLINGS = 4000 SQM
• MIG HOUSING (75SQ M) – 20 DWELLINGS = 1500 SQ M

• TOTAL PROPOSED HOUSING BUILT UP AREA = 10750 SQM


(10% of the given area)
BASIC LIVING REQUIREMENTS OF PEOPLE
COST EFFECTIVE MATERIALS/TECHNIQUES

ARCHES RATHER THAN CORBELING OPENINGS EXTENSIONS FOR CATTLE SEMI COVERED SPACE LOCALLY AVAILABLE
LINTELS FOR HOUSEHOLD ORANGE BRICKS
ACTIVITIES

HOUSING MASTER PLAN LEDGED & BATTEN BRICK JAALIS FOR LESS FRAMELESS WINDOWS
DOORS BRICK CONSUMPTION

SECTION SHOWING DIFFERENT KIND OF COMMON SPACES BUILT

LAKE CONVERTED INTO GHAT FOR HOUSING ARIEL VIEW OF HOUSING HOUSING 3D MODEL
EWS TYPE HOUSING UNIT
LIG TYPE HOUSING UNIT
MIG TYPE HOUSING UNIT
HOUSING CLUSTERS DETAILING - 1
Small open spaces play a vital
role, especially in a low-income
neighborhood. Such places are used
differently, such as:
small temple, festival gathering and
resting platforms, planting trees, drying
clothes, storage place. For large open
spaces, people have used some of
them as temples, beautiful landscapes,
and large gathering site.

CHABUTRA AS CENTRAL INTERACTIVE SPACE


• Design Considerations
• Promote person-to-person contact through cluster of
human scale.
• Provide an individual character to each other.
• Create functionally sympathetic and aesthetically pleasing
street environments.
• Provide spaces for social and religious activities.
• Promote income generation at cluster level.
• Provide all essential amenities and utilities to every street.
• Define clearly each cluster’s territory and the sense of
entry.
• Have regard for pedestrian.
• Optimise cluster patterns for economic activities and easy
access.

CENTRAL GREEN SPACE SURROUNDED BY HOUSING


HOUSING CLUSTERS DETAILING - 2

CLUSTER -1 PLAN (EWS AND LIG) ISOMETRIC VIEW FRONT ELEVATION

CLUSTER - 2 PLAN (EWS AND LIG)


ISOMETRIC VIEW FRONT ELEVATION

ISOMETRIC VIEW FRONT ELEVATION


CLUSTER - 3 PLAN (LIG AND MIG)