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INTERNET ACTIVITIES FOR INTERMEDIATE 1

UNIT 1: FRIENDS
2nd and 3rd Weeks

Look at these proverbs about friendship. How do you like them? Do you
agree with them? Which like you best? Why?

Friendship Quotes: Proverbs

"Books and friends should be few but good."

"A friend in need is a friend indeed."


- Latin Proverb

"A good friend is my nearest relation."

"A hedge between keeps friendship green."

"God defend me from my friends; from my enemies I can defend


myself."

"Love is blind; friendship closes its eyes."

"Love is blind. Friendship tries not to notice."


-Sent in by Angela Kendrick

"The best of friends must part."

"Do not use a hatchet to remove a fly from your friend's forehead."
- Chinese Proverb, (sent by Julio Fung)

"To have a friend, be a friend."


(sent by Julio Fung

Now write your own proverb about friendship.

_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

1. English - Auxiliaries
am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had are called Primary
Auxiliaries.

The Primary Auxiliaries can be used as helping verbs as well as principal verbs.

Eg.,
Am
I am a software professional.
I am working for Wipro.

In the above first sentence ‘am’ was used as a principal verb and in the second it was used as
a helping verb.

Is
He is a doctor.
He is performing a surgery at the movement.
Are
We are students of Hansraj College.
We are participating in a football tournament here.

Was
Kalidasa was a great poet.
Gopal was riding a bi-cycle when he was hit by a scooter.

Were
They were my classmates in Dehradun.
They were going to Goa when their train met with an accident.

Have
I have many grammar books at home.
I have read all of them.

Has
He has a laptop with him.
He has put it in his briefcase.

Do
They do their work sincerely.
They do not go home before 8 pm.

Does
He does his work efficiently.
He does not waste even a single minute.

Did
She did her job.
Did she come to office yesterday?

Exercise on auxiliary verbs


Write down the negative sentences and questions to the positive sentences given below. Keep in mind that
you have to use an auxiliary verb.

affirmative negative question

I do not play tenn Do I play tennis?


I play tennis.

They speak.

You can go now.

She sings.

He goes shopping.

We have time.

They played chess.


I saw him.

We have met her.

She will be there.

Quiz: Auxiliary Verbs

Choose the correct auxiliary verb.


Q1 - We ____ done it yet.
don't
didn't
hasn't
haven't

Q2 - ____ you think they are coming tonight?


Do
Does
Did
Have
Has

Q3 - ____ you see them yesterday?


Do
Did
Have
Has

Q4 - ____ you going this evening?


Are
Have
Do

Q5 - How long ____ it take you to get home?


do
does

Q6 - What ____ you reading at the moment?


are
do
have
Q7 - It was horrible- I really ____ like it.
did
didn't

Q8 - They ____ rung back yet.


have
has
haven't
hasn't

Q9 - ____ you learn it when you were at school?


Do
Does
Did
Have
Has

Q10 - ____ you enjoying your meal?


Do
Is
Are
Have
Has

Q11 - ____ you decided yet?


Have
Has
Do
Did
Does

Q12 - ____ everybody going to be there?


Is
Are
Do

Q13 - ____ they live near you?


Does
Do
Have
Are

Q14 - I _____ finished it.


didn't
haven't
hasn't
Q15 - I ____ had time to do it yet.
didn't
haven't
hasn't

Present Simple or Present Continuous?

Introduction

The simple present tense is often confused with the present continuous tense.
This page will explain when to use each one.

1. The simple present tense

The simple present tense is used for two main types of action:

Habits Actions which happen regularly (for example, every day or every week)

States Things which do not often change (for example, opinions and conditions)

Some examples will help to make this clearer:

Type of
Examples Explanations
action

Young-Mi goes to class


“Every day” is a habit.
every day.

It rains a lot in Vancouver. This means that it rains often.

Habit
Santos always talks about
“Always” means this is a habit.
his family.

Jerry spends Christmas This implies that he spends Christmas


with his parents. with his parents every year.

State This is a state, because it doesn't


Bianca lives in Florida.
change.

Someone's hair colour doesn't usually


Jean-Paul has red hair.
change.

Martin likes chocolate. When we like something, usually we will


always like it.
Beliefs and opinions are states. They
Anna believes in God.
don't often change.

2. The present continuous tense

The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action:

A temporary action Something which is going on right now (but it will


happening now stop in the future)

A definite plan for the Something we intend to do, usually in the near
future future

Here are some examples:

Type of action Examples Explanations

John is winning the Right now, John is winning, but the


game. game isn't finished yet.

It's raining right now (but it may


It's raining outside.
stop soon).
Temporary action
happening right
Soraya's working in
now She's working there right now.
the library.

Sihol is spending He's spending Christmas with his


Christmas with his family right now, this year. (Maybe
family. next year he won't.)

I'm playing soccer This plan is already arranged and


tomorrow. definite.

Sarah's leaving for


She has probably already bought her
San Francisco on
ticket.
Friday.
Definite plan for
the future
The Olympics are
taking place here This is already certain.
next year.

I'm having a party


All the plans have been made.
next week.

Present Simple or Present Continuous?


Choose the correct form for each verb .
Click on the button beside the correct answer.
1. Don't give Jan any cheese. She ________ it!
A. ? hates
B. ? is hating
2. Marie-Claude isn't a Canadian. I ________ she comes from France.
A. ? believe
B. ? am believing
3. Once a week, I ________ to an art class at the college.
A. ? go
B. ? am going
4. I ________ you're crazy!
A. ? think
B. ? am thinking
5. Look! Junko ________ into the water.
A. ? jumps
B. ? is jumping
6. It ________ quite hard — perhaps we shouldn't go out tonight.
A. ? snows
B. ? is snowing
7. Salman is rich — he ________ a Mercedes.
A. ? drives
B. ? is driving
8. I ________ lunch in the cafeteria every day.
A. ? have
B. ? am having
9. You won't find Jerry at home right now. He ________ in the library.
A. ? studies
B. ? is studying
10.I ________ to Toronto next Thursday. Do you want to come?
A. ? go
B. ? am going

The Present Perfect Tense

Introduction
Here is a brief review of the form and function of the present perfect tense.
The present perfect is used when the time period has not finished:

I have seen three movies this week.


(This week has not finished yet.)
The present perfect is often used when the time is not mentioned:

Gerry has failed his exam again.


The present perfect is often used when the time is recent:

Ikuko has just arrived in Victoria.


The present perfect is often used with for and since.

Greg has lived here for 20 years.


Greg has lived here since 1978.
The present perfect is formed like this:
have plus past participle

Welcome
For each gap in the text, put the verb in parentheses into the present perfect tense.
Type your answers and click on "Check". If you need help, you can press the "Hint"
button to get a free letter.

The Form of the Present Perfect Tense

Making the correct form.

Jack (be) my friend for over 20 years. We (know) each other since we
were children. Recently, he and his family (move) to a house on the same street
as me, and now our children play together almost every day.

For the last ten years, Jack and I (play) for the same hockey team every
Saturday. Jack is a better player than I am, but in the last few months he (have)
some trouble with his left knee, and he (find) it hard to play a full game. He (see)
the doctor several times about his knee, but the doctor doesn't know what is
causing his pain. Jack (decide) to take a break from hockey for a while, so that
his knee can recover. It's going to be lonely on the team without him!

Present Perfect and Simple Past

Click on the correct answer.

1 Joji ________ in Tokyo for five years, but he left in 1993.


<> lived
<> have lived
2 The Titanic ________ in 1912.
<> sank
<> has sunk
3 Somebody ________ my bicycle! Now I'll have to walk home.
<> stole
<> has stolen
4 Gerry ________ off his bike three times this month.
<> fell
<> has fallen
5 Chika ________ from university last July.
<> graduated
<> has graduated
6 I ________ the movie Titanic three times. I'm going to see it again
tonight.
<> saw
<> have seen
7 I ________ to work every day for the last six weeks!
<> walked
<> have walked
8 When Young Hee was a child, she ________ in Seoul.
<> lived
<> has lived
9 Ouch! ________ my finger!
<> I cut
<> I've cut
10 I ________ my key yesterday, so I couldn't get into the house.
Eventually, I found it in my jacket pocket.
<> lost
<> have lost

Present Perfect and Past Simple

Create full sentences based on the prompts.

1. You / ever / live / Paris / ? (Note -- this is a question!)

2. I / live / Paris / when / I / be / child

3. You / go / Louvre / when / you / live / Paris / ?

4. Yes / I / go / many times


5. I / never / visit / Louvre

For or Since with Present Perfect Tense - Practice

Exercise. Do we use for or since with the following time references?

 I haven't phoned home Christmas.

 We've been here nine o'clock.

 I have worked for International House more than eight years.

 I haven't visited my home town I left school.

 I haven't been to the cinema ages.

 I have studied non-stop 9.15.

 I have had a driving licence I was eighteen.

 She hasn't had a day off 1999.

 Johan has been in England more than two weeks now.

 Peter has been my best friend we w

Exercise. Decide if you need for or since with these time expressions.

last weekend
ten seconds Principio del formulario
Christmas Eve
a decade
last weekend
I finished school
ten seconds
a couple of days
Christmas Eve
my birthday
a decade
a long time
I finished school
ten centuries
a couple of days
the 70s
my birthday
I was a boy
a long time
August
ten centuries
the last month
the 70s
fifteen years
I was a boy
the accident
August
then
the last month
we bought this house
fifteen years
last month
the accident
a millennium
then
I met you
we bought this house
last month
a millennium
I met you

INTERNET ACTIVITIES FOR INTERMEDIATE 1


UNIT 2: MEDIA

1. Vocabulary about Media

media medios de comunicación


mass media medios de comunicación masivos
television televisión
program (US) programa
programme (GB) programa
broadcasting transmisión
soap opera telenovela
sitcom comedia
drama drama, obra de teatro
series serie
serial miniserie
film (GB) película
movie (US) película
documentary documental
news broadcast noticiero, noticioso
current affairs programme programa de temas actuales
music programme programa musical
sports programme programa de deportes
weather forecast pronóstico del tiempo
variety show programa de variedades
talk show programa de entrevistas
game show, quiz show programa de entretenimientos
reality show programa reality
commercial comercial, publicidad
episode episodio, capítulo
character personaje
newsreader presentador de las noticias
host presentador
hostess presentadora
actor actor
actress actriz

aerial antena
satellite satélite
satellite dish antena satelital
radio radio
radio antenna antena de radio
TV set televisor
cable box conversor de cable
headset auriculares
headphones auriculares
VCR videograbadora
DVD reproductor de DVD
home theatre home theatre
speakers parlantes, altavoces
remote control control remoto

newspaper, paper periódico


daily newspaper diario
weekly newspaper semanario
press prensa
headlines titulares
editorial editorial
article artículo
business news noticias de economía, finanzas
sports reports noticias de deportes
cinema review críticas de cine
book review críticas de libros
the letters page correo de lectores
cartoons chistes, viñetas
crossword crucigrama
ad, advertisement aviso, anuncio
classified ads avisos clasificados
tabloid tabloide, periódico de formato más pequeño
broadsheet periódico de formato más grande
popular newspaper periódico popular (de formato más pequeño)
quality newspaper periódico de calidad (de formato más grande)
supplement suplemento
journal periódico
magazine revista
comic revista de historietas

2. THE PASSIVE VOICE

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what
is performing the action.

Example: My bike was stolen.

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.

Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:

Example: A mistake was made.

In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a
mistake.).

Form of Passive
Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs)

Example: A letter was written.

When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:

 the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
 the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)
 the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
Examples of Passive

Tense Subject Verb Object

writes a letter.
Simple Present Active: Rita

Passive: A letter is written by Rita.

Simple Past Active: Rita wrote a letter.

Passive: A letter was written by Rita.

Present Perfect Active: Rita has written a letter.

Passive: A letter has been written by Rita.

Future I Active: Rita will write a letter.

Passive: A letter will be written by Rita.

Hilfsverben Active: Rita can write a letter.

Passive: A letter can be written by Rita.

Examples of Passive

Tense Subject Verb Object

is writing a letter.
Present Active: Rita
Progressive
Passive A letter is being written by Rita.
:
Past Progressive Active: Rita was writing a letter.

Passive A letter was being written by Rita.


:
Past Perfect Active: Rita had written a letter.

Passive A letter had been written by Rita.


:
Future II Active: Rita will have written a letter.

Passive A letter will have been written by Rita.


:
Conditional I Active: Rita would write a letter.

Passive A letter would be written by Rita.


:
Conditional II Active: Rita would have written a letter.

Passive A letter would have been written by Rita.


:

Passive Sentences with Two Objects


Rewriting an active sentence with two objects in passive voice means that one of the two
objects becomes the subject, the other one remains an object. Which object to transform
into a subject depends on what you want to put the focus on.

Subject Verb Object 1 Object 2


wrote a letter to me.
Active: Rita

Passive: A letter was written to me by Rita.

Passive: I was written a letter by Rita.

As you can see in the examples, adding by Rita does not sound very elegant. That’s why it is usually
dropped.

Personal and Impersonal Passive


Personal Passive simply means that the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive
sentence. So every verb that needs an object (transitive verb) can form a personal passive.

Example: They build houses. – Houses are built.

Verbs without an object (intransitive verb) normally cannot form a personal passive sentence (as there is no
object that can become the subject of the passive sentence). If you want to use an intransitive verb in passive
voice, you need an impersonal construction – therefore this passive is called Impersonal Passive.

Example: he says – it is said

Impersonal Passive is not as common in English as in some other languages (e.g. German, Latin). In
English, Impersonal Passive is only possible with verbs of perception (e. g. say, think, know).

Example: They say that women live longer than men. – It is said that women live longer than men.

Although Impersonal Passive is possible here, Personal Passive is more common.

Example: They say that women live longer than men. – Women are said to live longer than men.

The subject of the subordinate clause (women) goes to the beginning of the sentence; the verb of perception
is put into passive voice. The rest of the sentence is added using an infinitive construction with 'to' (certain
auxiliary verbs and that are dropped).

Sometimes the term Personal Passive is used in English lessons if the indirect object of an active sentence is
to become the subject of the passive sentence.

Practice 1

Passive Voice
Use of Passive
An exercise on the Passive Voice
Please put the correct passive form into the box.

1. Many people begin new projects in January.


New projects by many people in January.

2. They called the customers yesterday afternoon.


The customers yesterday afternoon.

3. We will give you a discount if you buy 100.


A discount if you buy 100.

4. I have improved the presentation.


The presentation .
5. The president of the company is listening to his proposal.
His proposal to by the president of the company.

6. We have produced paper products since 1994.


Paper products here since 1994.

7. All employees will read the memo.


The memo by all employees.

8. My colleague sold the last one yesterday.


The last one yesterday.

9. At this moment our boss is speaking to Sarah about always arriving late.
At this moment Sarah to about always arriving late.

10. Many hospitals use our samples.


Our samples by many hospitals.

Practice 2: Choosing Active or Passive Voice


Choose the correct form for each of the sentences below. Pay close attention to decide whether
they are passive or active voice sentences.

This activity contains 8 questions.

Yesterday, the boy _______ to the movies with his friends.

was gone

went

Electricity ________________ by Ben Franklin.

discovered

was discovered

The new classroom building will ____________ next year.

be constructed

construct
The team has too many members, so it __________ into two
groups.

will be divided

will divide

The cook __________ all the menu items for that large group.

will be prepared

will prepare

The accident ________________ at 3 a.m.

happened

is happened

All the witnesses ____________ by the police.

were interviewed

interviewed

I _________ a large raise.

was offered

offered

3. RELATIVE CLAUSES

DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES

As the name suggests, these clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or
thing we are talking about. Obviously, this is only necessary if there is more than one person or thing
involved.
Example:
Elephants who marry mice are very unusual.
In this sentence we understand that there are many elephants, but it is clear that we are only talking
the ones who marry mice.

Punctuation
Commas are not used in defining relative clauses.

Relative pronouns
The following relative pronouns are used in defining relative clauses:

Person Thing Place Time Reason


Subject who/that which/that
Object who/whom/that/ø which/that/ø where when why
Possessive whose whose

Notes:

1. The relative pronoun stands in place of a noun.

This noun usually appears earlier in the sentence:

The woman who/that spoke at the meeting was very knowledgeable.


Noun, subject relative verb + rest of relative verb + rest of main clause
of pronoun clause
main clause referring to
'the woman',
subject of
'spoke'

2. Who, whom and which can be replaced by that. This is very common in spoken English.

3. The relative pronoun can be omitted (ø) when it is the object of the clause:

The mouse that the elephant loved was very beautiful.


OR The mouse the elephant loved was very beautiful.

Both of these sentences are correct, though the second one is more common in spoken
English.

The mouse that/ø the elephant loved was very beautiful.


Noun, subject of relative verb + rest of relative verb + rest of main clause.
main clause pronoun, clause
referring to
'the mouse,
object of
'loved'

(You can usually decide whether a relative pronoun is an object because it is normally followed by
another subject + verb.)

4. Whose is used for things as well as for people.

Examples:
The man whose car was stolen.
A tree whose leaves have fallen.

5. Whom is very formal and is only used in written English. You can use who/that, or omit the
pronoun completely :

The doctor whom/who/that/ø I was hoping to see wasn't on duty.

6. That normally follows words like something, anything, everything, nothing, all, and superlatives.

Examples:

 There's something that you should know.


 It was the best film that I've ever seen.

Examples:
 A clown is someone who makes you laugh.
 An elephant is an animal that lives in hot countries.
 The plums that were in the fridge were delicious. I have eaten them.
 Where are the plums (that) I put in the fridge?
 Has anyone seen the book I was reading?
 Nothing that anyone does can replace my lost bag.
 Let's go to a country where the sun always shines.
 They live in the house whose roof is full of holes

Exercise on Relative Clauses (Contact clauses)


Relative Pronouns (who / which / whose)

Choose the correct relative pronoun (who, which, whose).

1. This is the bank was robbed yesterday.

2. A boy sister is in my class was in the bank at that time.

3. The man robbed the bank had two pistols.

4. He wore a mask made him look like Mickey Mouse.

5. He came with a friend waited outside in the car.

6. The woman gave him the money was young.

7. The bag contained the money was yellow.

8. The people were in the bank were very frightened.

9. A man mobile was ringing did not know what to do.

10. A woman daughter was crying tried to calm her.

11. The car the bank robbers escaped in was orange.

12. The robber mask was obviously too big didn't drive.

13. The man drove the car was nervous.

14. He didn't wait at the traffic lights were red.

15. A police officer car was parked at the next corner stopped and arrested them.

Exercise on Relative Clauses (Contact clauses)


Subject Pronouns or Object Pronouns?

Decide whether the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun or an object pronoun.

1. Do you know the girl who I danced with? -

2. Do you know the girl who danced with me? -

3. The apples that are lying on the table are bad. -

4. The apples that we bought in the shop are bad. -

5. We will stay at a hotel which is not far from the beach. -

6. We will stay at a hotel which my friend has recommended to us.

7. That is a museum which I like very much. -

8. That is a museum which lies in the heart of the town.

9. This is the man who Barbara visited in Scotland.

10. This is the man who lives in Scotland.


Exercise on Relative Clauses (Contact clauses)
Relative pronouns – necessary or not?

Decide whether the relative pronouns must be used or not.

1. The book which is on the table belongs to Brandon.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


2. The museum which we visited last month is closed now.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


3. The man who you saw in the house is my cousin.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


4. Bob, who I know very well, is going out with Mary.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


5. I cannot forget the song which they played last night.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


6. The woman who is talking to Sue is my aunt.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


7. I cannot remember the hotel that we stayed at.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


8. Lucy, who I haven't seen for ages, rang me last night.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


9. A person that you don't trust won't trust you either.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary


10. My father, whom I helped to install his computer, always forgets his password.

relative pronoun is necessary

relative pronoun is not necessary .

Exercise on Relative Clauses (Contact clauses)


Definitions with Relative Clauses

Choose the correct definition.

1. A library is

2. A butterfly is

3. A waiter is

4. A night is

5. A bricklayer is
6. A dictionary is

7. A pickpocket is

8. A carnivore is

9. A synonym is

10. Spring is

Check your answers here:

www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/relative-clauses - 29k -
1. Click on Exercises and Tests.
2. Go to Relative Pronouns and Relative Adverbs.
3. Exercises 1, 2, 3, and 4

Do you want to know more about Definining Relatives Clauses?


Log on this webpage:
firstcertificate.wordpress.com/2009/03/03/defining-relative-clauses/ -
46k – and watch the video.

4. Simple Past and Past Continuous:

Past Continuous
[was/were + present participle]

Examples:

 You were studying when she called.


 Were you studying when she called?
 You were not studying when she called.

Complete List of Past Continuous Forms

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past

Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was
interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past.
Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

Examples:

 I was watching TV when she called.


 When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
 While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.
 What were you doing when the earthquake started?
 I was listening to my iPod, so I didn't hear the fire alarm.
 You were not listening to me when I told you to turn the oven off.
 While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car.
 Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane.
 While I was writing the email, the computer suddenly went off.
 A: What were you doing when you broke your leg?
B: I was snowboarding.
USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption

In USE 1, described above, the Past Continuous is interrupted by a shorter action


in the Simple Past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.

Examples:

 Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.


 At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.
 Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work.

IMPORTANT

In the Simple Past, a specific time is used to show when an action began or
finished. In the Past Continuous, a specific time only interrupts the action.

Examples:

 Last night at 6 PM, I ate dinner.


I STARTED EATING AT 6 PM.
 Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.
I STARTED EARLIER; AND AT 6 PM, I WAS IN THE PROCESS OF EATING DINNER.

USE 3 Parallel Actions

When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it
expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. The actions
are parallel.

Examples:

 I was studying while he was making dinner.


 While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television.
 Were you listening while he was talking?
 I wasn't paying attention while I was writing the letter, so I made several
mistakes.
 What were you doing while you were waiting?
 Thomas wasn't working, and I wasn't working either.
 They were eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.

USE 4 Atmosphere

In English, we often use a series of parallel actions to describe the atmosphere at a


particular time in the past.

Example:

 When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some
were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and
customers were waiting to be helped. One customer was yelling at a
secretary and waving his hands. Others were complaining to each other
about the bad service.
USE 5 Repetition and Irritation with "Always"

The Past Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the
idea that something irritating or shocking often happened in the past. The concept
is very similar to the expression "used to" but with negative emotion. Remember to
put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."

Examples:

 She was always coming to class late.


 He was constantly talking. He annoyed everyone.
 I didn't like them because they were always complaining.

While vs. When

Clauses are groups of words which have meaning, but are often not complete
sentences. Some clauses begin with the word "when" such as "when she called" or
"when it bit me." Other clauses begin with "while" such as "while she was sleeping"
and "while he was surfing." When you talk about things in the past, "when" is most
often followed by the verb tense Simple Past, whereas "while" is usually followed
by Past Continuous. "While" expresses the idea of "during that time." Study the
examples below. They have similar meanings, but they emphasize different parts of
the sentence.

Examples:

 I was studying when she called.


 While I was studying, she called.

REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs

It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any


continuous tenses. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for Mixed Verbs cannot
be used in continuous tenses. Instead of using Past Continuous with these verbs,
you must use Simple Past.

Examples:

 Jane was being at my house when you arrived. Not Correct


 Jane was at my house when you arrived. Correct

ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always,
only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

Examples:

 You were just studying when she called.


 Were you just studying when she called?

ACTIVE / PASSIVE

Examples:

 The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the
store. ACTIVE
 The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into
the store. PASSIVE

Simple Past / Past Continuous


Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate
tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.
Last night, while I was doing my homework, Angela (call) . She said

she (call) me on her cell phone from her biology classroom at UCLA. I

asked her if she (wait) for class, but she said that the professor was at

the front of the hall lecturing while she (talk) to me. I couldn't believe

she (make) a phone call during the lecture. I asked what was going on.

She said her biology professor was so boring that several of the students (sleep,

actually) in class. Some of the students (talk) about

their plans for the weekend and the student next to her (draw) a picture

of a horse. When Angela (tell) me she was not satisfied with the class,

I (mention) that my biology professor was quite good and (suggest)

that she switch to my class.

While we were talking, I (hear) her professor yell, "Miss, are you

making a phone call?" Suddenly, the line went dead. I (hang) up the

phone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. As I (cut) vegetables for

a salad, the phone rang once again. It (be) Angela, but this time she

wasn't sitting in class.

Check your answers in this webpage.


www.englishpage.com/verbpage/pastcontinuous.html - 16k
Exercise 4.
Simple Past or Past Continuous - A Dialog
Fill in the blanks with the simple past or past continuous form of the verbs. Then click on
the answer button to see the correct answers.
A: Hi, Mary. I ___ (see/neg.) you at school last Monday.

B: Hello, Bob. I ___ (come/neg.) on Monday. I wasn't ___ (feel)


well, so I ___ (decide) to go to the doctor.

A: Oh! ___ (be) it serious?

B: No, the doctor ___ (examine) me and ___ (tell) me I ___


(have) the flu. He ___ (prescribe) some medicine and ___
(tell) me to go home and rest.

A: ___ you ___ (stay) home all day last Monday?

B: No, only in the morning. I ___ (have) to work in the afternoon, and guess
what?

A: What?

B: When a friend ___ (drive) me home, he ___ (crash) his


car. He ___ (see/neg.) the red light.

A: ___ anyone ___ (get) hurt?

B: Thank God, nobody ___ (do) .

A: I'm happy to hear that. Well, Mary, I have to rush now. While I ___ (listen)
to your story, I ___ (remember) that my wife ___ (ask)
me to go to the mechanic to get our car. See you later. Take care.

B: You too.

Confirm your answers in this webpage:

ESL Quiz - Simple Past or Past Continuous


a4esl.org/q/h/vm/pastpastcont.html - 4k –

END OF UNIT 2