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1-Every mechanical governor has_____________as its basic element.

a) Power piston
b) Control rack
c) Weights acted on by centrifugal force
d) Isochronous droop spring
e) Piston

2-A compound gauge is able to measure:


a) Either pressure or vacuum
b) The sum of two pressures
c) The difference between two pressures
d) Two different pressures simultaneously
e) Two different temperatures simultaneously

3-A pyrometer is normally used to measure:


a) Steam pressure
b) Water temperature
c) Draft loss
d) Humidity
e) Gas temperature

4-A “manometer” measures:


a)Air pressure
b) Steam pressure
c) Oil pressure
d) Water pressure
e) Oil temperature

5-This gauge measures both inlet and outlet pressures of a strainer:


a) A compound gauge
b) A duplex gauge
c) A biogauge
d) A pressure / vacuum gauge
e) None of the above

6-The successive order of 4 stroke diesel engines:


a) Compression-suction-firing-exhaust
b) Suction-firing-compression-exhaust
c) Suction-compression-exhaust-firing
d) Suction-compression-firing-exhaust
e) Compression-air inlet-firing exhaust

7.When the valves are operated_____________on a diesel engine, they are actuated by means of cams,
pushrods, rocker arms and rollers.
a) Mechanically
b) Hydraulically
c) Pneumatically
d) Electrically
e) Any above

8.In a 2 stroke engine each revolution of the crank is completed within the angle of___________
a) 360° b) 180° c) 720° d) 90° e) 45°

9.In a 4 stroke engine 2 revolution of the crank is completed within.the angle of_____________
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a) 720° b) 360° c) 180° d) 90° e) 45°

10. The function of the exhaust system for a turbocharged diesel engine is to …..
a) Power the aftercoolers
b) Power the turbocharger
c) Reduce the cylinder scavenge effect
d) Cool the turbocharger
e) Any above

11.What will happen to a small diesel engine that is equipped with an “auto type” thermostat if the bellows
develop a hole in it?
a) The engine will overheat
b) The engine will remain cold
c) The engine will remain not start
d) The cooling water will “by pass” the engine
e) None of the above

12-What does “wet silencer” mean is diesel engine terminology?


a) The exhaust gases are mixed with salt water
b) The exhaust gases are mixed with fresh water
c) The silencer jacket is always water cooled
d) The silencer baffles are water cooled
e) The sea water are mixed with fresh water

13-When does a two stroke cycle diesel engine produce a power stroke in each cylinder?
a) Once in every 2 revolutions of the crankshaft
b) Once for every 4 stroke of the piston
c) Once for every 2 stroke of the piston
d) Directly after the exhaust stroke
e) None of the above

14-What term is used to describe the loss of combustion pressure due to worn rings and liner?
a) Blow back b) Blow down c) Both A and B d) Blow up e) Blow by

15-_____________are the common parts within the 2 and 4 stroke diesel engines.
a) Piston, valves, cylinder, fuel injector
b) Crankshaft, crosshead, cylinder
c) Turbocharger, piston, gudgeonpin, cylinder
d) Crankshaft, connecting rod, pistons
e) Cylinder; connecting rod, pistons

16-Which of the followings is not one of the qualities of the governor?


a) The main control device on the engine
b) Controls the engine speed when the power is required to change
c) The supplementary control device on the engine
d) Can be adjusted automatically
e) Made up of speed sensing arrangement and hydraulic unit

17-_____________is one of the moving parts of the diesel engine.


a) Crosshead b) Crankcase c) Connecting rod d) Cylinder cover e) A and C

18- Intake and exhaust valves on diesel engines are of what type?
a) Tappet b) Disc c) Poppet d) Globe e) Butterfly

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19- The pistonheads in the engine are manufactured concave and convex shaped in order that________
a) The vessel will be faster
b) It will control the temperature of the engine
c) It will increase oil pressure in the engine
d) It will increase the durability of the piston
e) It will provide a powerful engine

20-_____________is necessary for a controlled combustion.


a) The proper amount of air and fuel
b) The proper mixture of fuel and air
c) The fuel and air must be at the proper temperature for ignition
d) The air must be at the proper temperature for ignition
e) All above

21- .________should be followed as a procedure, if it is necessary to pump bilges while a vessel is in port
a) Pumping only if discharge is led to a shore tank or barge
b) Pumping only during the hours of darkness
c) Pumping only on the outgoing tide
d) Pumping only as much as is necessary
e) Pumping only the day hours

22-What is the system used for measuring the ignition quality of a diesel fuel?
a) Heating valve
b) Cetane numbers
c) Flash points
d) 90 percent boiling points
e) Cooling water temperature

23- A fire sprinkling system must be fitted ….


a) On all vessels over 5.000. GT
b) In conjunction with the CO2 system
c) With a presure tank of fresh water to the supply system pending the starting of the pump
d) None of the above
e) A and C

24-Low lubricating oil temperature at reduced loads can be avoided by regulating the:
a) Pressure relief valve
b) Heater relief valve
c) Lubrication oil pump governor
d) Priming pump control
e) Cooler bypass valve

25-Lubrication oil viscosity in an operation diesel engine can be reduced by:


a) Overloading the engine
b) Increasing the amount of lube oil
c) Decreasing the amount of cooling water
d) Combustion by products contamination
e) Fuel oil dilution

26-All diesel lubricating system must:


a) Have a forced feed mechanical lubricator
b) Prevent oil fog in the crankcase to avoid crankcase explosion
c) Provide oil for cooling the piston and cylinder wall
d) Provide a film of oil between the piston and cylinder wall
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e) None of the above

27-All of the following are used for low temperature starting, except:
a) Ether
b) Jacket water heaters
c) Both A and B
d) Air intake heaters
e) Cylinder compression ratio reduced

28-Which of the following is highly advised to be used for washing turbo charger blower by the
manifacturers?
a) Hotwater
b) ACC9+Hot water
c) Filter clean+hotwater
d) Carbon remover+hot water
e) Descalex liquid+ hot water

29- _____________is hardly the cause of a smoky diesel engine exhaust.


a) Overload
b) Malfunctioned injector
c) Choked exhaust pipes
d) Inappropriated amount of fuel
e) Appropriated amount of fuel

30-With a reciprocating pump, failure to deliver liquid may be caused by_____________


a) Pump not being primed
b) Discharge head too high
c) Liquid plunger packing worn
d) Any of the above
e) Only A and B

31-In case of oil burning of radio equipments on the bridge, the extinguishers should be the same as
the ones to be used in ………… fires, keeping in mind that the fire will turn out to be a ……….…… fire
when starting firefighting takes long.
a) Class E / Class A
b) Class E / Class B
c) Class B / Class A
d) Class C / Class A
e)Class C / Class E

32-If the flow of water from a centrifugal pump is stopped by closing the discharge valve with the pump
running:
a) The relief valve will open
b) The water pressure will stabilize at shut off head
c) The water pressure will tend to rise continuously
d) The driver will be over loaded
e) The water temperature will tend to decrease continuously

33-The purpose of the low pressure cutout switch is to:


a) Maintain liquid refrigerant at the suction of the compressor
b) Maintain a preset suction pressure to the compressor
c) Cut out the compressor at a set pressure
d) Maintain compressor in at a preset temperature
e) Cut compressor in and out at a preset pressure
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34-In terms of pressure and temperature, what happens to the primary refrigerant in the compressor?
a) Its pressure and temperature are both lowered
b) Its pressure and temperature are both raised
c) Its pressure and lowered and its temperature is raised
d) Its pressure is raised and its temperature is lowered
e) None of the above

35-Watertube boilers are designed to operate within the conditions of_____________


a) High pressure, temperature, capacity
b) Low pressure but high capacity
c) Heavy but quick steam raising process
d) A and C
e) For the auxilliary purposes

36- The main characteristics of a diesel engine is :


a) Internal combustion engine: the fuel is burned external of the cylinders
b) Producing high power of energy
c) Both 2 or 4 stroke, fuel is burned inside the cylinders
d) Economical in compare with the steam engines, but hard maintenance
e) Fixed sequence of events within its unique type

37-Which below can be named as device for controlling speeds of turbines?


a) Throttle valve
b) Overspeed trip
c) Speed requlating governor
d) All above
e) Only A and B

38-Which factor below is not the cause of vibration and noise in turbines?
a) Unbalance
b) Dıstortion of casing
c) Loose couplings
d) Tight couplings
e) Any above

39-The purpose of the evaporator is to:


a) Absorb latent heat of vaporization
b) Absorb latent heat of fusion
c) Transfer latent heat of vaporization
d) Transfer latent heat of fusion
e) Transfer latent heat of freezing

40-The drains from both effects in a low pressure evaporator have their pressures equalized in the:
a) Equalizer tank b) Drain tank c) Flash chamber d) Air ejector condense e) Fuel oil tank

41-The second effect on a two pass evaporator receives its steam from:
a) De-superheated steam
b) Vapors from first effect
c) Auxiliary back pressure
d) Auxiliary forward pressure
e) None of the above

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42- _____________is the circulation and refreshing of the air in space without necessarily a change of
temperature.
a) Refrigeration b) Air conditioning c) Ventilation d) Cooling e) Freezing

43-Why do you add cornstarch to an evaporator?


a) To cut down on priming and scale
b) To make the water taste better
c) To prevent high temperatures
d) To increase the rate of vaporization
e) To reduce the temperature of fresh water

44- Steering system keeps the ship on the steady course.


What word can be used instead of the underlined word?
a) Constant b) Variable c) Shifting d) Inappropriate e) Available

45-When purging a refrigeration system, the compressor is_____________


a) Running
b) Running with the bypass open
c) Shut down
d) Running with the bypass closed
e) Running stedily

46-All refrigerator compressor valves are opened and closed via_____________


a) Springs
b) Camshaft
c) Pressure differential
d) A or C
e) None above

47-Prior to port arrival, a diesel alternator_____________, turbo alternator_____________, and all the full
away procedure should be done_____________
a) Will have to be started/will be shut down/in reverse order
b) Doesnot have to be started/will have to be shut down/in reverse order
c) Will have to be started/will have to be started/in right order
d) Will have to be shut down/will have to be started/in reverse order
e) Doesn’t have to be shut down/will have to be shut down/in right order

48-When oil is heated, it becomes_____________


a) Less viscous
b) Emulsified
c) More viscous
d) Vitrified
e) Not necessarly vitrified

49.Low head pressure can be caused by_____________


a) Too much condensing water
b) Too cold condensing water
c) Leaky discharge valves
d) Insufficient change of refrigerant
e) Any of the above

50.The instrument always used in conjunction with a salinity indicator is the:


a) Pyrometer b) Thermometer c) Hygrometer d) Hydrometer e) Oxygen meter

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51-Which of the following isn’t a component of a water tube boiler ?
a) burner b) header c) downcomer d) steam drum e) booster pump

52- Another name for the liquid valve is:


a) Master valve b) King valve c) Freon valve d) Shut off valve e) None of above

53-Flashlights used aboard tankers must be_____________


a) Waterproof
b) Of the three cell type
c) Approved by the Board of fire underwriters
d) All above
e) A and C

54-Fire detecting and extinguishing equipment is required on all_____________


a) Cargo vessels
b) Passenger vessels on international voyage
c) Vessels over 150 feet in length
d) Vessels over 450 feet in length
e) Cruise boats

55-_____________is the first signal of lube- oil trouble.


a) Lube oil gravity tank low level alarm goes off
b) Low lube oil sump level
c) Low outlet temperature from lube oil coolers
d) No flow throught bull’s eye from gravity tank observed
e) A and B

56-The usual cause of crankcase explosions in diesel engines is not_____________


a) Heating lubricating oil
b) Overheating lubricating oil
c) Poor condition of the cylinder
d) Crank shaft bearing failures maintenance
e) Any above

57-_____________is not one of the advantages of the open cooling system.


a) Being the simplest system
b) No requirement of heat exchange
c) Obligation of keeping engine cool
d) The requirement of only one water circulating pump
e) The requirement of 2 water circulating pumps

58-Refrigerant leakage from the compressor crankcase is prevented by_____________


a) Using skirt type pistons
b) Using shaftseals
c) Using lantern rings
d) Maintaining a vacuum in the crankcase
e) Any above

59-The TEV (thermostatic expansion valve) is located between:


a) The receiver and the king valve
b) The king valve and solenoid
c) Both A and B
d) The solenoid valve and evaporator
e) The charging valve and solenoid
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60. When starting ballasting_____________valve should be opened last
a) Seacock
b) Pump discharge valve
c) Deck filling valve
d) Tank suction valve
e) None above

61.What is the high pressure side of the refrigeration system?


a) Compressor to condenser
b) Evaporator to compressor
c) Expansion valve to evaporator
d) Compressor to expansion valve
e) Evaporator

62.The low pressure side of a refrigeration system is from the:


a) Expansion valve to compressor
b) Compressor to expansion valve
c) Expansion valve to the evaporator
d) Condenser to the expansion valve
e) None of the above

63.The reciprocating motion of a connecting rod is transformed into a rotary motion by the:
a) Crankshaft b) Crankwebs c) Crank cheeks d) Crankpine e) Piston

64.The bulb for the TEV (thermostatic expansion valve) is located:


a) In the middle of the evaporator coils
b) Near the evaporator coil outlet
c) Near the evaporator coil inlet
d) On the bottom row of the evaporator
e) None of the above

65.The solenoid valve can be typed as a:


a) Thermal valve
b) Magnetic stop valve
c) Bellows valve
d) Bimetallic valve
e) Both C and D

66.What is the advantage of using a hydraulic starting system for an emergency diesel?
a) The system is inexpensive
b) High pressure lines are not required
c) It is compact
d) Faster cranking speeds are obtained
e) None of the above

67.Worn bearings, rings, and valves all contribute to:


a) Poor reversal b) Quiet operation c) Hard starting d) High pressure e) None

68. Scale and sludge formation is prevented by _____________.


a) neutralizing amines
b) filming amines
c) polymer treatment
d) keeping ph valve
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e)deaeration of the boiler by hydrazine

69. The system used for breaking scale from the evaporator coil while the evaporator is in operation is
called:
a) Recirculating b) Blowing down c) Cracking off d) Dumping e) None of above

70. The coils in the evaporator are attached to the header by:
a) Pipe nipples b) Union type fittings c) Welding d) Bolted flanges e) Both C and D

71.The turbocharger of an auxiliary diesel engine is most effected by:


a) Air inlet manifold pressure
b) Engine speed
c) Exhaust temperature
d) Engine load
e) None of the above

72. Pre combustion chambers in a diesel engine:


a) Require that each cylinder use two spray nozzles
b) Require the use of flat crowned pistons to obtain turbulence
c) Permit the use of a wide range of fuel in that engine
d) Contain all of the air charge at the end of the compression stroke
e) Require that each cylinder use more than four spray nozzles

73.Cylinder liner are generally used on diesel engines because:


a) Liners may be easily replaced after the cylinder walls show wear
b) Liners provide a more efficient cooling system
c) Rubbing speeds are reduced through the use of liners
d) Liners provide a better lubricating surface
e) None of the above

74.An over speeding diesel engine could best be stopped by:


a) Disconnecting the battery cables from the stating motor
b) Blocking the air intake and securing the fuel supply
c) A raining the hydraulic fluid from the governor sump
d) Blocking the flow of cooling air to the radiator
e) Both C and D

75.The dehydrator on a refrigeration plant is used to:


a) Add moisture to the system
b) Remove moisture from the system
c) Remove air from the system
d) Remove oil from the system
e) Both C and D

76. ------------ is the first to do when securing an AC generator.


a)Tripping the generator circuit breaker
b)Switching the voltage regulator to manual
c)Decreasing the field excitation to minumum
d)Reducing the load on the unit
e)Increasing the load on the unit

77.Regardless of the geographical location of on oil spill, you should notify the_____________
a) Local police department
b) Local fire department
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c) Corps of Engineers
d) Coast Guard
e) The pilot

78._____________is the principal hazard to staff when a diesel nozzle tester is in use is
a) Electrical shock b) Toxic fumes c) Explosion d) Blood poisoning e) Loosing consciousness

79. A “pneumercator” measures:


a) Oil pressure b) Air level c) Liquid level d) Air pressure e) Air temperature

80.In a diesel engine closed cooling system, the flow of fresh water through the fresh water and lube oil
coolers is controlled by the:
a) Speed of the engine
b) Speed of the pump impeller
c) Automatic temperature regulator
d) Suction pressure regulator
e) Governor

81. The oil level in the compressor should be checked:


a) While the compressor is in operation
b) Just before starting the compressor
c) After a long period of operation
d) For both B and C
e) None of the above

82.What type of gauge reads pressure and vacuum?


a) Duplex b) Simplex c) Both B and C d) Compound e) Bourdon tube

83.Minor freon leaks can be detected by the use of a device called:


a) A freon visible leak detector
b) A freon audible leak detector
c) The blue oven flame detector
d) Halide torch
e) None of the above

84.Most gauges in the fire room are:


a)Manometers b)Thermocouples c)Dual purpose d)Thermometers e)Bourdon tube –type

85.It is true that ships_____________


a) are designated only for cargo transportation and service performing
b) can be classified as merchant ships, naval ships and pleasure crafts
c) are propelled by means of rudder
d) have only holds for cargo loading
e) mostly operate on gas turbine

86.What is not carried by a tanker?


a) crude oil b) chemical substances c) asphalt d) frozen food e) wine

87._____________carry propane, LPG or LNG.


a) bulk carriers b) heavy lift ships c) reefers d) gas carriers e) livestock carriers

88.Ore, sugar, fertilizer, coal and cement are carried by a_____________


a) gas carrier b) reefer c) bulker d) tanker e) purse seiner

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89.What statement isn‟t true regarding service ships?
a) Cable layers lay and repair transoceanic cables
b) Dredgers deepen the canals, clear the muddy bottoms of waterways or ports
c) Tugboats tow ships and assist large vessels in manoeuvring
d) LASH ships are designed to carry refrigerated cargo
e) Icebreakers open lanes through icy waters

90.The vessels carry farm animals such as cow, sheep are_____________


a) reefers b) livestock carriers c) trawlers d) OBOs e) Bulk carriers

91.Trawlers, whaling ships and purse seiners are in the category of_____________
a) pleasure crafts b) fishing vessels c) passenger ships d) naval ships e) excursion boats

92.The main body of a ship is called;


a) keel b) bottom c) deck d) hull e) beam

93.The system for altering the ships direction is called;


a) propulsion b) steering c) thrust d) shafting e) displacement

94.A floating ship displaces water equal to its own weight. What word can be used instead of the
underlined word?
a) flooding b) afloat c) rolling d) pitching e) mooring

95.The measurement of enclosed volume of a ship is defined by;


a) load displacement b) displacement c) deadweight d) net tonnage e) tonnage

96.How often should the emergency diesel be run under load?


a) Once a year
b) Once a month
c) Once a week
d) At survey time only
e) At drydock

97.If one fuel oil strainer of a duplex unit becomes clogged while your vessel is steaming at sea, you
should first:
a) Clean the dirty strainer as quickly as possible
b) Change the strainer over to the clean side
c) Stop the fuel oil service pump
d) Open the strainer bypass valve
e) Stop the engine

98.With the diesel running, white smoke starts coming out of the stack and the diesel stops. What would be
the cause?
a) Low lube oil pressure
b) High lube oil pressure
c) Super charger running too fast
d) Leaky injector
e) Fuel oil filters full of water

100. The heat which is used to change a luquid to gas or vapour is called latent heat of ________
a) absortion b) fusion c) liquid d) evaporation e) fission

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101.Which of the following is not one of the parts of D/G overhaul?
a) Valve rotator b) Valve spindle c) Intake valve d) Valve seat e) Starting valve

102.A steam turbine has curved blades.What word can be used as the opposite of the underlined word?
a) straight b) flat c) sharp d) smooth e) vertical

103.The sequence of events in a cycle within 4 stroke diesel engine is:


1.The piston is forced down at BDC (Bottom Dead Center) exhaust valve opens
2.The piston is at the top of its stroke, TDC (Top Dead Center), inlet valve opens, fresh air is drawn
3.Pressure is high in the gases
4.Fuel is injected as the piston reaches TDC, to start the combustion
5.Inlet valve opens, fresh air is drawn as the piston moves down
6.At the bottom of the stroke BDC inlet valve closes and the air in cylinder is compressed as the piston
rises
a) 2-5-6-4-3-1 b) 2-5-6-4-1-3 c) 2-6-5-4-3-1 d) 5-2-4-6-3-1 e) 5-2-6-4-1-3

104.Scavenging means_____________on an internal combustion engines.


a) The removal of exhaust gases by blowing in fresh air
b) The filling of the engine cylinder with a supply or change of fresh air
c) The formation of exhaust gases within the cylinder
d) The removal of exhaust gases
e) Any above

105.Pre- ignition can be caused by_____________in an operating diesel engine.


a) Excessively late fuel injection
b) Oil in the air charge
c) Water in the fuel
d) Injection continuing after the fuel charge is ignited
e) None above

106.What would cause a diesel to have black smoke?


a) Leaky injector
b) Too heavy oil
c) Water in the gas
d) Water in the oil
e) None of the above

107-What type of gasket is used on a steam joint?


a) Asbestos
b) Rubber
c) Wire inserted rubber
d) Plastic
e) None of these apply

108- The steam turbine can be connected to a reduction gear to produce motion. What word can be used
instead of the underlined word as a synonym?
a) force b) movement c) velocity d) buoyancy e) thrust

109- On a diesel engine, a freshwater heat exchanger is used rather than a saltwater one to:
a) Maintain fuel oil temperature
b) Maintain lube oil temperature
c) Cut down on rust and corrosion
d) Keep the engine block from freezing in cold weather
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e) Maintain air temperature

110-In a steam turbine, the jet of steam is directed against the blades and it_____________the rotor.
a) fails b) reduces c) displaces d) acts e) turns

111-An internal combustion engine converts heat energy_____________mechanical energy.


a) on b) up c) into d) from e) through

112-What is the flexible coupling used for?


a) Small amount of misalignment
b) Take up for vibration in the shaft
c) to allow for expansion
d) Connects between the bull gear and the tail shaft
e) To allow for streching

113-The upper section of a piston is called the:


a) Land b) Skirt c) Crown d) Plate e) Disk

114- What is supported by main bearings?


a) crankcase b) camshaft c) crosshead d) crankshaft e) tailshaft

115- The main stationary parts of an engine are_____________


a) bedplate, engine frame, crankshaft, cylinder block, cylinders and liners
b) bedplate, engine frame, crankcase, cylinder block, cylinders and liners
c) bedplate, engine frame, crankcase, crosshead, cylinders and liners
d) bedplate, engine frame, crankcase, pistons and liners
e) bedplate, engine frame, crankcase, connecting rod, cylinders and liners

116-The cylinder cover is tightened against liner with studs. What word can be used instead of the
underlined word?
a) removed b) replaced c) screwed d) slackened e) supported

117-Fuel valve, inlet and exhaust valves are_____________by cylinder head.


a) mounted b) exposed c) released d) operated e) housed

118-A metal formed by combining two or more metals is;


a) cast b) forged c) alloy d) raw e) moulded

119-The cooling water_____________through the jacket for cooling the cylinder.


a) distils b) circulates c) conveys d) pours e) boils

120-When an engine is installed, the bedplate is seated on the_____________


a) crankcase b) entablature c) foundation d) main bearings e) cylinder block

121-On a four stroke engine, the power resulting from combustion is transmitted to the crankshaft by
means of_____________
a) crankcase b) cylinder cover c) crosshead d) piston e) bedplate

122-The main components of crankshaft assembly are webs, pins and journals. What word can be used
instead of the underlined word?
a) purposes b) sides c) parts d) types e) means

123-The motion of the piston in the cylinder is;


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a) rotary b) axial c) bending d) fluctuating e) reciprocating
124-What has not a rotary motion?
a) crankshaft b) propeller shaft c) turbine rotor d) piston e) impeller

125-The burning of fuel and air mixture inside a cylinder of a diesel engine is called as;
a) compression
b) combustion
c) supercharging
d) scavenging
e) condensation

126-The movement of piston from top dead centre to bottom dead centre or from bottom to top in a
cylinder is defined by;
a) cycle b) combustion c) stroke d) scavenging e) revolution

127- Fuel is ignited in the cylinder of an operating diesel engine by:


a) The heat of compression within the cylinder
b) A spark plug in the pre-combustion chamber
c) An electrical discharge from the distributor
d) Heat from the fuel injection nozzle
e) With a simple spark plug

128-The intake valve is open and exhaust valve is closed. The air is drawn into cylinder while the piston is
moving downward‟ defines;
a) power stroke b) compression stroke c) intake stroke d) exhaust stroke e) combustion

129-The intake and exhaust valves are closed_____________the power stroke.


a) by b) under c) during d) after e) till

130-The power produced in the cylinder is called;


a) cycle
b) combustion
c) Brake Horse Power(BHP)
d) Indicated Horse Power(IHP)
e) Revolutions Per Minute (RPM)

131-On two stroke engines, the process of removing the burned gases out of the combustion chamber by
blowing in fresh air is called;
a) supercharging b) turbo charging c) scavenging d) alignment e) compressing

132-On two stroke engines, if the engine has exhaust valve(s), it is a_____________-scavenged engine.
a) cross flow b) non-flow c) overflow d) loop e) uniflow

133-What types of lubricating oil systems are used on diesel engines?


a) Forced feed and gravity
b) Forced feed and splash
c) Both A and B
d) Gravity and wick
e) Wet sump and dry sump

134-What word has a positive meaning?


a) abrasion b) corrosion c) contaminate d) overpressure e) overhaul
135-What system is used to protect engine parts against wear and friction?
a) fuel oil system
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b) lubricating system
c) cooling system
d) ballast system
e) domestic water system

136-The oil temperature is controlled by means of a_____________in the lubricating oil system.
a) preheater b) sump c) cooler d) thermostatic valve e) strainer

137-The lubricating oil is pumped_____________the sump_____________the oil cooler for cooling.


a) by / to b) to / from c) through / into d) from / to e) in / by

138-Before starting an auxiliary diesel engine, you should:


a) Change fuel oil strainers
b) Clean the air filter
c) Check the crankcase oil level
d) Vent the cooling system
e) Clean flywheel

139- Having an unstarting compressor must make you think the possibiliy of_____________
a) No charge of liquid in the system
b) Closed solenoid valves
c) A and B
d) None above
e) Having sufficient amount of air

140-A propeller turning clockwise when viewed from aft is considered rihgt handed and most single screw
ships have_____________propellers. A twin screw ship usually has a_____________________ propeller
and a_________________propeller.
a) Right handed/right handed starboard/left handed port
b) Right handed/right handed port/left handed starboard
c) Left handed/right handed starboard/left handed port
d) Left handed/right handed port/left handed starboard
e) Right handed/left handed starboard/right handed port

141-The suction control switch on the compressor is a_____________


a) Thermal element
b) Thermostat
c) Pressure element
d) None above
e) All of above

142-_____________leads in a noisy compressor


a) Too much oil in circulation
b) Worn out parts i.e. pistons / pins etc
c) Vibration
d) Inadequate lubrication
e) Any above

143- Air receivers are used to_____________the compressed air.


a) clean b) compress c) expand d) store e) produce

144-Which of the following indicates pump‟s function instead of its structure?


a) bilge pump
b) centrifugal pump
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c) positive displacement pump
d) gear pump
e) reciprocating pump

145- The storing place for perishable food provisions on board is ;


a) galley b) mess c) cold room d) duct e) locker

146-If a bilge pump failed to build up discharge pressure, you should check for:
a) Excessive water in the bilges
b) A clogged suction strainer
c) Oil in the bilges
d) A closed skin valve
e) None of the above

147-The pump type using a piston or plunger to remove the fluid;


a) rotary vane pump
b) gear pump
c) reciprocating positive displacement pump
d) screw pump
e) centrifugal pump

148-An instrument to regulate and stop the flow of liquid in a piping system is:
a) pump b) strainer c) viscosity regulator d) valve e) duplex filter

149-The excess pressure in the pipe system is discharged by a;


a) throttling valve b) relief valve c) non-return valve d) stop valve e) butterfly valve

150-Fire tube boilers are designed to operate within the conditions of:
a) High pressure, temperature
b) Low pressure, temperature
c) High capacity and quick steam raising process
d) Low capacity but quick steam raising process
e) High capacity but they are heavy

151-To produce steam on board a ship,_____________are mostly used.


a) steam turbines b) purifiers c) boilers d) clarifiers e) evaporators

152-The purpose of superheater is;


a) reducing the temperature of steam above the saturation point.
b) using exhaust gases to heat the steam and improve the efficiency of boiler
c) maintaining the water level in the system
d) accelerating the rate of combustion
e) removing moisture from steam by increasing its temperature above the saturation point

153-To remove the impurities and water droplets from oil,_____________are used on board a ship.
a) purifiers b) clarifiers c) centrifuges d) separators e) all

154-The purpose of an evaporator is to_____________


a) Transmit the latent heat of fusion
b) Transmit the latent heat of evaporation
c) Absorb the latent heat of evaporation
d) Absorb the latent heat of fusion
e) Any above

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155- The heat which is used to change a liquid to a gas or vapor is called latent heat of__________
a) Absorption b) Fusion c) Liquid d) Evaporization e) Fission

156-Emulsification of oil will occur when mixed with:


a) Air b) Water c) Black oil d) Ice cream e) Oxygen

157-................. is a process, in which the temperature of a space on whatever takes place in is reduced
below that of their surroundings ?
a) Reffigeration
b) Air condition
c) Ventilation
d) Heating
e) Freezing

158- By definition a separator: I. removes solids from the lube oil; II. removes water from the lube oil.
a) I
b) II
c) I and II
d) Neither I nor II
e) Any of above

159-An overheated bearing in the main propulsion unit is indicated by:


a) Bubbles in the sight glass
b) Sludge in the strainers
c) A high oil level in the sump
d) Low temperature of the lube oil leaving the bearing
e) High temperature of the lube oil leaving the bearing

160-A ball bearing will overheated if:


a) Completely full of grease
b) Half full of grease
c) In use for a long time
d) Operated at high speed
e) Operated at medium speed

161-Filters are installed ahead of air line lubricators for the primary purpose of removing:
a) Heat of compression
b) Air supply pressure pulses
c) Moisture in the air supply
d) Turbulance in the air supply
e) Water in the air supply

162-While making your rounds, you notice the main lube oil temperature is higher than normal. To remedy
this situation, you should:
a) Speed up the main lube oil pump
b) Open the lube oil cooler seawater inlet valve wider
c) Throttle in on the lube oil cooler seawater discharge valve
d) Close the lube oil cooler seawater discharge valve wider
e) Open the lube oil cooler seawater discharge valve wider

163- .‘Piston moves upward to almost top of the cylinder ,both intake exhaust valves are closed.The air
compressed above the piston’’describes the ……………..stroke.
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a) compression b) power c) intake d) exhaust e) ignition

164- The process of supplying the intake of diesel engine with air a pressure greater than atmospheric is
called:
a) Engine displacement
b) Scavenging
c) Air injection
d) Supercharging
e) Intercooling

165-The liner which has no direct contact with the cooling water is what kind of a liner?
a) Wet
b) Dry
c) Integral
d) None of the above
e) Cooled with lubrication oil

166-Before ballasting by gravity_____________


a) Pump in ballast for about 10 minutes to wash out bottom lines
b) Start pump before opening sea valves
c) Make sure all proper valves are open
d) All of above
e) A and B

167- How are line shaft bearings usually lubricated?


a) A gravity-feed
b) Pressure-feed
c) Oil lubricating disks
d) Oil lubricating rings
e) Oil injectors

168-Sprinklers shall be placed in an overhead position to maintain an average application rate of not less
than 5 l/m²/min over the area covered by the sprinklers.
What word can be used instead of the underlined word?
a) run b) keep c) place d) repair e) change

169-The pipes and hydrants shall be so placed that the fire hoses may be easily coupled to them. Their
arrangement shall be such as to avoid possibility of freezing. A valve shall be fitted to serve each fire hose
so that any fire hose may be removed while the fire pumps are at work. Fire hoses shall be non-perishable
material and be sufficient in length to project a jet of water to any of spaces. Each hose shall be provided
with a nozzle and the couplings. In passenger ships there shall be one fire hose for each of the hydrants and
these hoses shall be used only for fire extinguishing. In cargo ships of 1000 GT and upwards the number of
fire hoses shall be one for each 30 m length of the ship and one spare but in no case less than five at all.
This number doesn‟t include any hoses required by any engine or boiler room. Standard nozzle sizes shall
be 12 mm, 16 mm and 19 mm. All nozzles shall be dual-purpose type (spray type) incorporating a shut off.
According to the passage, nozzles shall be_____________
a) either spray or jet type
b) both spray and jet type
c) neither spray nor jet type
d) only jet type
e) only spray type

170- Any automatic sprinkler, fire detection and fire alarm system shall be capable of immediate operation
at all times and no action by the crew shall be necessary to set it in operation. Each section of sprinklers
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shall include means for giving a visual and audible alarm automatically whenever any sprinkler comes into
operation. Sprinklers shall be grouped into separate sections, each of which shall contain not more than 200
sprinklers. Each section shall be capable of being isolated by one stop valve only. A gauge indicating the
pressure in the system shall be provided at each section stop valve and a central station. The sprinklers
shall be resistant to corrosion by marine atmosphere. In accommodation and service spaces the sprinklers
shall come into operation within the temperature range from 68°C to 79°C. A list or plan shall be displayed
at each unit and suitable instructions for testing and maintenance shall be available. Sprinklers shall be
placed in an overhead position to maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 l/m²/min over the
area covered by the sprinklers.

According to the passage, it isn‟t true that;


a) The sprinklers can be affected by marine atmosphere.
b) They will be in an overhead position to maintain the average application.
c) The pressure in the system is displayed by a pressure gauge
d) Sprinkler system is used either fixed or mobile on board.
e) The system shall be divided into sections.

171-What associate isn‟t true?


a) pumps-sanitary pump
b) oil treatment-Alcap
c) refrigeration-cold room
d) fuel oil system-sump
e) main propulsion unit-gas turbine

172- _____________of the oil separators use the centrifugal force.


a) none b) any c) neither d) a little e) most
173-Oily water separators are used to separate oil from bilge water___the bilge water is pumped____
a) after / overboard
b) before / overboard
c) before / inboard
d) after / out
e) when / aboard

174-Under normal operational conditrons, the rudder is hydraullically locked unless_____________


a) The manual trick wheel is engaged for steering
b) The pupm is off stroke
c) A normal rudder order is given by the control system
d) An electric power failure occurs at the steering gear
e) A and B

175-In the simple mechanical governor, the:


a) Flyweight centrifugal force is balanced by spring pressure
b) Centrifugal force rotates the ball head
c) Flyweight centrifugal force is balanced by hydraulic pres sure
d) Speeder spring actuates the fuel control rod
e) Hydraulic force rotates the ball head

176-On most diesel engines, the governor controls the speed by:
a) Controlling the amount of fuel injected into the cylinders
b) Varying the speed of the turbocharger
c) Adjusting the compression ratio
d) Changing the timing of the fuel injection camshaft
e) Changing the timing of the exhaust valves
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177-_________ships are fitted with bow thrusters to improve___________manoeuvring capability.
a) any / its b) some / them c) some / their d) all / they e) all / its

178-.What is not included in the category of deck machinery?


a) windlass b) hatch cover c) bow thrusters d) steam generator e) lifeboat engine

179- What would cause white smoke after you just started the diesel ?
a) Too weak battery power
b) Water in the fuel
c) Water in the gas
d) Water in the oil

180-What word is not related to cargo handling equipment?


a) filler b) derrick c) hoisting d) jib e) crane

181-One horsepower equals_____________


a) 1000 watts b) 746 watts c) 100 watts d) 940 watts e) 786 watts

182-Emergency generators are placed --------------------


a) Near the machinery space
b) Above the bulkhead or freeboard deck whichever the higher
c) Midships near the engine room casing
d) Above the deep load line
e) None above

183-Static electricity is most often produced by_____________


a) Pressure b) Heat c) Magnetism d) Friction e) Motion

184-When vacuum is lost on a turbo generator the trip is actuated by_____________


a) Sentinel valve b) Back pressure c) Slugs of water d) Overspeed trip e) A and B

185-Emergency generators can be stopped via -----------------


a) Ovelvoltage trip b) Overspeed trip c) Manual trip d) Undervoltage e) Any above

186-Any electric motor can be constructed to be_____________proof.


a) Short b) Ground c) Explosion d) Overload e) A and B

187-Which of the following instruments is not included in the electrical equipment?


a) alternator b) incinerator c) fuse d) switchboard e) circuit breaker

188-The purpose of transformers is to_____________the voltage.


a) increase b) raise c) complete d) reduce e) insulate

189-Supposing a fire caused by short electric circuit within the equipments is categorized as
a_____________fire and will be extinguished vıa_____________
a) Class A/foam
b) Class C/chemical powder
c) Class C/CO₂
d) Class B/foam
e) Class A/chemical powder

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190-In the incident of oil fire_____________
a) Get water on deck
b) Open steam or CO₂ smothering system to cargo holds
c) Close off all ventilation, blowers, doors etc.
d) Open CO₂ smothering system to cargo holds
e) All above

191-In accordance with the international requirements, the bilge purifier will seperate oily water within the
density of_____________
a) < 15 particular per million
b) < 15 particular post million
c) < 15 particular per meter
d) ≤ 15 particular per meter
e) < 15 particular per billion

192-If the quantity of oil and particles in separated oily water is_____________15 ppm, it can be drained
overboard.
a) below b) over c) at d) above e) up

193-It is prohibited by law that the discharge of untreated sewage in restricted waters. What word can be
used instead of the underlined word?
a) insufficient b) raw c) refined d) separated e) contaminated

194-Which one is not treated on board?


a) sewage b) feed water c) fresh water d) lube oil e) ballast water

195- When the separated oil is burnt by an.............., the application is recorded in Oil Record Book.
a) oily water separator b) ejector c) incinerator d) chlorinator e) aeration chamber

196-_____________is used as a fire extinguisher in case of fires resulted from electrical equipment.
a) Soda acid b) CO₂ c) Sand d) Foam e) C and D

197-Which of the following is carried on board in compliance with MARPOL?


a) Minimum Safe Manning Certificate
b) The Certificate of Registry
c) An International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate
d) Search and Rescue Cooperation Plan
e) Certificates for Master, Officers or Ratings

198-Garbage Record Book is carried in compliance with the regulations of_____________


a) SOLAS Convention
b) FAL Convention
c) STCW Code
d) Tonnage Convention
e) MARPOL Convention

199-The removal of contaminating impurities from lubricating oil will_____________


a) Increase engine wear
b) Decrease engine wear
c) Increase possible breakdowns
d) Decrease possible breakdowns
e) B and D
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200-The lubricant is expected to have the qualities of_____________
a) Preventing metal-to metal contact
b) Causing metal to metal contact
c) Decrease friction
d) Decrease friction wear
e) All expect B

201-Cut out system on the aux boiler operates_____________


a) Low level alarm
b) Low low level alarm
c) High level alarm
d) High pressure alarm
e) Low pressure alarm

202-If one cylinder was getting more fuel than others the effect will be_____________
a) That cylinder’s being overloaded
b) The exhaust valve’s being overheated
c) Average compression
d) Incomplete combustion
e) Complete combustion

203-_____________is the cause of burned exhaust valves


a) Overloaded cylinder
b) Poor combustion
c) Distortion and faulty reseating maintenance
d) Any above
e) A and B

204-When a cargo hose joint or coupling starts to leak badly the attempt you should do is to _________
a) Reduce pumping pressure and wrag leak securely
b) Shut down transfer and make repairs
c) Soak spill with sawdust and reduce pumping pressure
d) Wash deck immediately and close tank tops
e) Carry on transfer

205-A propulsion diesel engine is normally shut down by_____________


a) Shutting off the air supply
b) Overspeeding the engine
c) Securing the fuel supply
d) Securing the ignition system
e) All above

206-Water in the lube oil system may be detected by: I. sounding lube oil tanks with water sensitive paste;
II. observing the purifier discharge.
a) I b) II c) I and II d) Neither I nor II e) None of above

207-Sediment collects in a tubular purifier:


a) On top cover
b) In drain line
c) On sides of bowl
d) On the discs
e) None of above

22
208- -------------should be regarded as a special attention after installing a new hydraulic pump.
a)The relief filters should be readjusted
b)The filters and strainers should be checked frequently
c)System pressures should be readjusted
d)The fluid should be drained and renewed
e)All above

209-“Water hammer” is caused by:


a) Hitting water pipe with hammer
b) Too much water in pipe line system
c) Water in steam lines
d) Steam in water lines
e) Few amount of water in pipe line system

210- What kind of bolts would you use on a saltwater line?


a) Cold rolled b) Brass c) Cast iron d) Plastic e) All of the above

211-The valve which is always partially open when the evaporator is in operation is the:
a) Vapor valve
b) Continuous blowdown valve
c) Bottom blowdown valve
d) Surface blowdown valve
e) Fresh water valve

212-Blue smoke coming from the diesel exhaust would indicate:


a) Excessive fuel consumption/unburned fuel
b) Burning of lube oil due to possible blow-by
c) Lean fuel/air mixture, too much air
d) Insufficient amount of fuel consumption
e) None of the above

213- Trunk type diesel engine pistons are most effectively cooled when heat is :
a) Radiated through the engine block
b) Mixed with lubrication oil
c) Conducted through the piston crown
d) Transferred to escaping exhaust gases
e) Transferred to water cooled cylinder walls

214-When distilling salt water the cooling-water discharge from the distiller is fed back to the evaporator
as feedwater:
a) To cut down on the amount of cooling water needed
b) To prevent an excess amount of cooling water from being discharged to the bilges
c) To supply hot water to the evaporator for more economical operation
d) To supply sufficient amount of sea water
e) None of the above

215-The rotating part of a micrometer is the:


a) Anvil b) Barrel c) Frame d) Thimble e) Cover

216- Studs and nuts intended for use in main steam line flanges and fittings are marked with an “H”or a
“T” to show they are:
a) Heat resistant
b) Hard finished
c) Half threaded
23
d) Corrosion resistant
e) Fire proof

217-An advantage of aluminum pistons compared to cast iron pistons is:


a) Greater high temperature strength
b) Greater weight per cubic meter
c) Increased resistance to wear
d) Low temperature strength
e) Better heat conductivity

218- The air supplied to the cylinders by a turbocharger is often reduced in volume by a/an:
a) Air compressor b) Diffuser c) Filter d) Venturi e) Aftercooler

219- It shall be the responsibility of the_____________to prepare the boilers for inspection.
a) Chief Engineer b) 2nd Engineer c) Boatswain d) 2nd officer e) Any above organization

220-Insufficient refrigerant in a refrigeration plant on board a ship may result in:


a) High discharge pressure
b) Frosting of the crankcase
c) High temperature of the overboard water
d) Low suction pressure
e) Low temperature of the sea water

221-A solenoid valve serves to control the :


a) Pressure in the evaporator coils
b) Amount of R-22 or R-134a entering the evaporator
c) Flow of R-22 or R-134a toward the expansion valve
d) Amount of circulating water to the cooling coils.
e) Pressure in the condenser coils

222-Which valve is normally closed when charging an R-22 or R-134a refrigeration system through the
high side?
a) The thermal expansion valve
b) The dehydrator inlet valve
c) The suction line valve
d) Both the thermal expansion valve and dehydrator inlet valve
e) The liquid line king valve

223-_____________should be considered as a hazard on the propeller and a through examination and


repair will be carried out when the vessel is in dry dock.
a) Bent blades
b) Signs of cracks on the blade edge
c) Deep pits and holes
d) Edge cracks
e) All above

224-Cavitation, the forming and bursting of vapor filled cavities or bubbles will result in___________
a) A loss of thrust
b) Erosion of the blade surface
c) Vibrations in the afterbody of the ship
d) Noise
e) All above

24
225- The thermostatic expansion valve of R-22 or R-134a refrigeration system controls the :
a) Back pressure in the evaporator coils
b) Temperature in the refrigerated space
c) Superheat in the refrigerant leaving the evaporator
d) Refrigerant pressure in high side
e) Temperature in the condenser

226- What harmful consequence can result from sludge in the lube oil system of a trunk piston diesel
engine?
a) Clogged oil pump suction screens
b) Increased oil temperature
c) Stuck piston rings
d) Any of the above
e) None of the above

227-When operating at high or low speed in the use of nozzles in a turbine, attention and precaution must
be taken that ............................
a) The nozzles in use should be wide open
b) Operation with a few nozzles as it’s economical
c) The nozzles not in use must be tightly closed
d) All above
e) Only A and B

228- Bunkering and fuel handling is the duty of the ;


a) chief engineer
b) second engineer
c) third engineer
d) fourth engineer
e) engineering cadet

229-All details of fuel bunkering, ballast handling, tank cleaning or slop disposal must be entered in
the_____________
a) Rough log
b) Engine room log
c) Oil record book
d) Smooth log
e) A and B

230- When the oil in the seperator is decreasing, which place cannot be leaking?
a) Lower bearing casing
b) Drum shaft
c) Wormgear shaft bearing hosing
d) Middle ball bearing casing
e) The o-ring at shock water entrance to seperator into shockwater

231- Aşağidaki Türkçe iş emrinin doğru olanı işaretleyiniz.


“ 4 piston kol yatağının ,srasts yatağının , palamar yatağının ölçülerini alınız , ölçüleri uymayan
yatakları yenisi ile degiştiriniz.”
a) Measure the buffle of aft crank shaft and renew the compressor and pistons for srasts that cannot be
measured
b) Measure in and out lines of the 4 crank shafts and the crank pin , remove the measured bearings
c) Measure 4 crank pin bearing , the srasts bearing and the main bearing , renew the bearings that are out
of measurement
d) Renew all the bearings and measure 4 of them , then renew the crank pin bearings
25
e) None of the above

232-Performance of a turbocharged engine can be improved by:


a) Decreasing valve over lap
b) Preheating
c) Aftercooling intake air
d) Preheating light fuels
e) Heating intake air

233-An electric heater built into the cylinder water jacket would be used to:
a) Raise lube oil viscosity for easier starting in cold weather
b) Increase air inlet temperature
c) Increase compression ratio
d) Increase jacketwater temperature for easier starting in cold weather
e) Heating compressed air

234-When maneuvering, you discover heavy smoke coming from the turbocharger casing. You should:
a) Check the air filter for dirt
b) Check for an exhaust leak
c) Check the cooling water temperature
d) Notify the bridge and ask to shut the engine down
e) Check fuel oil consumption

235- A device which will function to bring an engine to a full stop in order to protect it from damage due to
excessively high speed is known as a/an:
a) Torque limiter
b) Overspeed trip
c) Overspeed governor
d) Load limit governor
e) Any of above

236- Below you will find an oral report in Turkish made by the chief engineer from the engine room to the
captain/bridge, immediately after an engine trouble. “Kaptan, başmühendis konuşuyor; Sancak ana
makinede duman var makineyi kısa bir süre durdurmalıyız. İskele makineyi ve dümeni kullanarak, bir saat
kadar düşük hızla (süratle) gitmeyi öneriyorum. Choose the correct English version of this oral report:
a) Captain, this is the Engine room watch officer speaking, there is smoke in port main engine. We must
stop the engine for a long period. I propose to go with low speed for about a day, using the starboard
engine and the rudder
b) Captain, this is chief engineer speaking; the starboard engine is broken and there is smoke in the wheel
house. We must stop the engine for one day. I propose to go with high speed for about an hour, using both
engines and the rudder
c) Captain, this is chief engineer speaking, there is smoke in the starboard main engine. We must stop the
engine for a short period. I propose to go with low speed, for about on hour, using the port main engine and
the rudder
d) Captain this is chief engineer speaking; the starboard main engine shaft is burning, there is a lot of
smoke. We must stop the ship and ask for help. I propose to go with low speed, using starboard engine and
the rudder
e) Captain, this is chief engineer speaking, there is smoke in the engine room, coming from the bridge. You
must stop the vessel for a short time. I propose to go with low speed for about two hours, using the
starboard main engine and the rudder.

237-Considering the fuel, ignition quality is determined by_____________


a) Cetane number
b) Diesel index
26
c) Calculated cetane index
d) Flash point
e) All except D

238- Which of the following actions should you take to correct a low condensing pressure in a refrigeration
system?
a) Purge the condenser
b) Remove refrigerant
c) Adjust the thermostatic expansion valve
d) Increase the compressor speed
e) Add refrigerant

239- During the inspection of the machinery spaces on board for oil and oily mixtures, the port state
control officer (PSCO) may determine and verify:
a) Whether the responsible officer is familiar with the handling of the sludge and bilge water,
b) If the allege of the sludge tank is sufficient for the expected generated sludge during the next intended
voyage.
c) Whether the oily bilge water is retained on board for subsequent discharge to a reception facility, in
accordance with Annex I of MARPOL 73/78
d) A+B+C
e) A+B

240-You had engine trouble in the engine room, you have reported it orally to the captain/bridge. Now you
are writing it in the engine room log book. Below, you will find the paragraph to be written in the log book.
This paragraph is in Turkish, but you will have to write the log book in English.
“07 Ocak 2003 saat 11.05 GMT‟de sancak ana makinada yoğun duman görüldü, sebebi bilinmiyor.
Kaptana rapor edildi. Sancak makinanın durdurulması; bir saat süreyle, iskele ana makinayı ve dümeni
kullanarak düşük hızla gidilmesi önerildi.”
Choose the correct English version of the report above, to be written in the engine room log book.
a) 07 January 2003, 12.05 GMT At 12.05 GMT, heavy smoke detected on port main engine, cause
unknown. Reported to the captain, proposed to stop the port engine and go with low speed for and hour,
using the port engine and the rudder
b) 07 January 2003, 12.05 GMT At 11.01, heavy smoke detected on starboard main engine, cause known
and obvious. Reported to the captain, proposed to stop engines and to go with high speed for a day, using
the starboard engine and the rudder
c) 07 January 2003, 11.05 GMT At 11.05 a little smoke detected on port main engine, cause is not told to
the captain. Proposed to go with both engines full ahead, using the rudder
d) 07 January 2003, 11.05 GMT At 11.01, heavy smoke detected on starboard main engine, cause
unknown. Reported to the captain, proposed to stop the starboard main engine and go with low speed for an
hour, using the port main engine and the rudder
e) 07January 2003, 11.05 GMT At 11.05 yesterday heavy fire detected on starboard main engine, cause
unknown. Reported to the captain, proposed to stop the port main engine and go with low speed for an
hour, using the port engine and the rudder

241- Which of the below can be generated on board?


I- fuel oil
II- steam
III-electrical energy
IV-distilled water

a) I-II-III b) I-II-IV c) II-III-IV d) III e) I-III

242- …………..leads excessive lost motion in the valve mechanism of a dublex pump.
a) The pump to short stroke continously
27
b) The pistons to stop in mid stroke
c) The pump to operate sluggishly
d) The cushioning valves to wear
e) A and B

243-“When ordering spare parts on board a vessel, you will have to fill in a format. Below, will find a
heading from that format in Turkish. Choose the correct English version of that heading: “ Makine veya
cihazın tanımı
a) Name of the vessel and description
b) Location of the engine
c) Description of the engine or unit/equipment
d) Model of the engine and the name
e) Machinery type and date

244-“When ordering spare parts on board a vessel, you will have to fill in a format. Below, will find a
heading from that format in Turkish. Choose the correct English version of that heading: “Geminin veya
servisin adı”
a) Serial number of the vessel and its name
b) Name of the vessel or service
c) Description of the vessel and its name
d) Model and service name of the vessel
e) Characteristic services and names of the ship

245-“When ordering spare parts on board a vessel, you will have to fill in a format. Below, will find a
heading from that format in Turkish. Choose the correct English version of that heading:
“Makine ; katalog veya bakım talimatının seri no ve tarihi “
a) Engine; catalogue or maintenance manual serial no and date
b) Generator; catalogue manual no and date
c) Machinery; operation Instructions manual and date
d) Engine and vessel’s building date and serial no
e) Catalogue; Instruction manual and number of copies with date

246-“When ordering spare parts on board a vessel, you will have to fill in a format. Below, will find a
heading from that format in Turkish. Choose the correct English version of that heading:
“Yedek parça listesi sembolü ve tarihi”
a) Main engine part signs and dates
b) Spare part list symbol and date
c) Part spare manual symbol and number of dates
d) Date of the spare part list without symbols
e) Number of the spare part catalogue and date of the serial numbers

247-“Makinenin yapımcısı (adı), modeli, tipi, yapıldığı yıl”


a) Model of the vessel, manufacturer, typing date and building
b) Manufacturer of the generator, model, when built
c) Manufacturer of the engine (name), model, type and building date
d) Maker of the vessel, model, type and building date
e) None of the above

248-Aşağıdaki Türkçe iş emrinin doğru İngilizce karşılığını işaretleyiniz.


“Kompresörlerin üzerindeki deniz suyu tulumbası verimli çalışmıyor. Her iki kompresör için harici pompa
yapınız.”
a) Control all the tanks and make two external pumps for all the compressors
b) Renew the compressors and make an external pump for some of them
c) The compressors do not work effectively. Make external pumps for the main engine
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d) The seawater pump above the compressors does not work effectively. Make an external pump for both
compressors
e) None of the above

249-.“When ordering spare parts on board a vessel, you will have to fill in a format. Below, will find a
heading from that format in Turkish. Choose the correct English version of that heading:
“Makinenin bulunduğu yer ve görevi/fonksiyonu”
a) Machinery deck and function
b) Generator’s place and its job
c) Vessel’s location and its function
d) Location of the engine and its function
e) Engine parts location in the vessel

250- Which statement is not true concerning centrifuges?


a) Centrifuges are used for oil separation
b) A centrifuge contains a bowl and conical discs.
c) Centrifuges make use of the centrifugal force
d) Centrifuges are hydrolic-driven devices.
e) Centrifuges are used to remove coorse particals and waters.

251-The requirement for portable fire equipment is ----------------------------


a)Annual check
b)Keeping in easily accessible places
c)Hose connections and keeping hoses in good condition
d)All above
e)Before the end of consuming period

252- The second engineer is responsible for ;


a)the maintenance of main engine
b)the safety of engine room
c)he maintenance of deck machinery
d)haring the duties of engine room personel
e)all

253- What statement is not true concerning a chief engineer ?


a)chief engineer is directly responsible to the chief officer
b)chief engineer is responsible for the efficient operation of all machinery
c)chief engineer supervises any repair
d)chief engineer approves the ordering of any spares and equipment
e)chief engineer does not normally keep watch

254-As freon leaves the expansion valve …………………………..


a)Pressure increases – volume increases
b)Pressure decreases – volume increases
c)Pressure decreases - volume decreases
d)Pressure increases – volume decreases
e)Pressure increases – no change in the volume
255-.____________is the control of temperature and humidity in a space together with the circulation,
filtering and refreshing of the air.
a) Refrigeration b) Air conditioning c) Ventilation d) Cooling e) Circulating

256- A cracked cylinder head on a diesel engine could be indicated by:


a) Excessive lube oil consumption
b) Water draining from the fuel leakoff valves
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c) Excessive fuel oil consumption
d) Excessive cooling water consumption
e) Combustion gases venting at the expansion tank

257- A spring bearing on the line shaft is lubricated by :


a)The lube oil gravity tank
b)Water leak off from the stern tube
c)An oil ring and scraper
d)The main lube oil pump
e)Any above

258-____________the fire pumps are at work. What word can be used instead of underlined part?
a) inoperable b) operable c) in operation d) arranged e) out of order

259- Who is employed only on tankers?


a)donkeyman b)oiler c) wiper d) pump man e) fitter

260- The heat which is used to change a liquid to gas or vapor is called latent heat of …….
A) Absorption B) Fusion C) Liquid D) Evaparation E) Fission

261-Electrohydraulic steering units are protected from pounding forces (rudder shock) by:
a) Buffer springs b) Follow up mechanism c) Relief valves d) Relieving gear e) Steering pumps

262- “The control equipment conveys the signal of desired rudder angle from bridge”
What word can be replace the underlined word?
a) Reflect b) Consist c) Transmit d) Actuate e) Receive

263-“The quantity of oil in separated water is controlled by a control unit. ”What sentence below has the
same meaning?
a) Control unit controls the oil quantity and separate it.
b) The quantity of oil is separated and controlled by control unit
c) The oil quantity in water is separated by control unit
d) Control unit controls the oil quantity in separated water.
e) Separated water in oil is controlled by control unit.

264- pH Value is achieved by adding:


a) Hydrazine b) Coagulant c) Sulphure d) Chloride e) Magnesium

265- Who is the foreman of the engine room ratings?


a)donkeyman b)wiper c)oiler d)pump man e)cadet

266- The term……………….indicates the piston motion in the cylinder


a) cycle b) squence c) combustion d) stroke e) ignition

267- What statement is not true regarding watchkeeping system ?


a) Watchkeeping in the engine room can be unattended
b) When unattended ,a duty engineer will be responsible for supervisiom
c) The engineer of watch is the Chief Engineer’s represensative
d) The system is usually an 8-hours period of working with 8 hours rest
e) The parameters are recorded in logbook during the watch

268- Which one is not identical with the characteristics of the construction of a-2-stroke diesel engines?
a) Instead of valve holes, ports are installed
b) A cycle is completed in 2 strokes of the piston
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c) Produce high power in compare with 4 stroke engines
d) The maintenance is simple
e) A cycle is completed in 2 revolution of the crackcase

269- What statement is not true regarding gas turbines


a) Gas turbine operates on the otto cycle
b) Gas turbine has low manoeuvring capability
c) Gas turbine are used on super tankers,naval ships or aircraft
d) Gas turbine is not attractive for a ship ownwe because of high fuel cost
e) Gas turbine is an internal combustion engine.

270- The squence of events that take place in the cylinder of an engine is indicated by the term
a) cycle b)stroke c)power d)compression e)combustion

271-What factor is not primarily taken into account by a ship owner when choosing an engine?
a)Cost
b)Propulsive efficiency
c)Size and weight
d)Maintenance work load
e)Installation time

272- In a gas turbine,the pressure of air is changed__________.


a)at the inlet
b)in the combustion chamber
c)throgh the compressor
d)during the combustion
e)through the inlet of turbine

273-What statement is not true regarding power stroke ?


a)The air pressure is very high
b)The compressed air tempature is below the ignetion point of the fuel
c)The heated air ignites the fuel
d)The intake and exhaust valves are closed
e)Power stroke comes after compression stroke

274 ---------------------protects the pump shafts from erosion, corrosion and wear
a)Wearing rings
b)Renewable sleeves
c)A hardened metal coating
d)Internally flooded lantern rings
e)Lantern rings

275- The function of the fuel injection system is to ---------------------


a) Supply the engine with the fuel.
b) Enable the engine to produce power with the appropriate amount of fuel
c) Provide the right amount of fuel at the right moment in a suitable condition for the combustion process
d) Feed the engine with the appropriate amount of fuel
e) A and B

276 Marine electrical equipment are ____________.


a) generators b) motors c) batteries d) switchboards e) all

277- What statement is not true regarding air recievers?


a) The pressure of air is 20 – 30 bar.
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b) The reciever must store enough air for twelve engine starts.
c) The pressure inside is controlled by a pressure gauge.
d) The air recievers are self-cleaning devices.
e) Drain valves are fitted to drain impurities.

278- Ammonia is extremely toxic.What word can replace the underlined word?
a) harmless b) poisonous c) perishable d) raw e) corrosive

279- Which of the following types of valves is used in the bilge manifold ?
a) Swing check b) Nonreturn c) Angle d) Globe e) Butterfly

280-What is the flexible couplin used for ?


a) Small amount of misaligment
b) Take up for vibration in the shaft
c) To allow for expansion
d) Connects between the bull gear and the tail shaft
e) To allow for streching

281- For the stand – by generator engine ; the PORT STATE CONTROL OFFICAER (PSCO) my verify
whether the responsible ship’ personel are familiar with :
a) Black out procedures
b) Changing the generator with a new one , selling the old one in the market
c) Load – sharing system
d) A+C
e) A+B

282- To prolong the storage life of food stuff by lowering temperature is __________.
a) air conditioning b) evaporation c) refrigeration d) distillation e) condensation

283-Emergency generators can be stoped via ................ ?


a) Overvoltage trip
b) Overspeed trip
c) Manual trip
d) Under voltage
e) Any above

284- “ 3 adet foam (köpük) tankına deniz suyu karışmaktadır. İçindeki boru devresine ve kıç ballast tankı
perdesine çekiç kontrolu yapınız. Perde saçını değiştiriniz. “İş emrinin doğru olanı işaretleyiniz
a) Sea water mixes to 3 freswater tanks Make hammer control on the main engine and on the forward
ballast tank . Change the screen collector
b) Seawater mixes to 3 foam tanks. Make hammer control on the piping system inside and to the baffle of
aft ballast tank. Change the buffle plate
c) Fresh water mixes to seawater in 3 foam tanks. Control the tanks by hammer and change the carnk
plate of the forward ballast tank
d) Fuel mixes to 3 foam tanks. Make hammer control on the boiler pipes and the buffle of the forward
ballast tank. Change the tank buffles
e) None of the above

285- For the fire pumps on board , the Port State Control Officer (PSCO) may verify whether the
responsible ship’s personel are familiar with :
a) Starting and operating for all pumps ashore in any port or harbour
b) Number and location of fire pumps installed on board the ship (including the emergency fire pump )
c) Starting procedures for all pumps on board
d) Appropriate valves to operate on board
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e) B+C+D

286- .“The dissolved gases adhere to the heating surfaces”


What word can be exactly used instead of underlined word?
a) Corrode b) Stick c) Contaminate d) Crack e) Suspend

287- Non-condensable gases are removed from the condenser by:


a) Air heater b) Air ejector c) Desuperheater d) Attemperator e) Deaerator

288-What statement is not true regarding the function of steam turbine?


a) Steam turbine extracts mechanical work from the energy stored in steam
b) Steam turbine generates electrical energy
c) Sometimes steam turbine is connected to a reduction gear
d) Steam turbine is used as cargo pump drive source
e) Steam turbine produces steam for steam engine

289- “Gas will expand when heat is applied”


What statement below has the same meaning with this law of phsycs?
a) Gas expands unless heat is applied
b) When gas expand, its temperature decreases
c) Whenever gas is heated, it expands
d) Gas expands, otherwise heat is applied
e) If we expand the gas, it will heat

290-“When a gas is compressed, the temperature of the gas will increase”


What word can be used instead of underlined word without changing meaning
a) Decrease
b) Raise
c) Reduce
d) Expand
e) Exceed

291- ._____________is not stationary part of a diesel engine


a) Crankcase b) Crosshead c) Bedplate d) Cylinder e) Liner

292- The cooling medium for cylinder cooling circulates through_______________.


a) jacket b) main bearings c) crankcase d) sump e) shafting

293- The Port State Control Officer (PSCO) may verify whether the responsible ships personnel are
familiar with:
a) Actions which are necessary, before the emergency generator can be started
b) Procedures when the first attempts to start the engine fail
c) Actions and procedures to get the emergency generator out of the ship, sell in the market and to put a
new one on board
d) Different possibilities to start the engine, in combination with the source of starting energy
e) A+B+D

294“The piston is forcing the exhaust gas out of the cylinder by moving downward”
What word must be changed to get the true meaning? SAÇMA SORU
a) piston b) exhaust c) gas d) cylinder e) downward

295-Cylinder head on a four-stroke engine contains.......


a) Air starting valve
b) Inlet valve
33
c) Exhaust valve
d) Fuel injector
e) All

296-What statement is not true regarding bedplate?


a) Bedplate supports the engine
b) It consists of cross and longitudinal girders
c) It is seated on the foundation
d) It must withstand the fluctiating forces during operation
e) It encloses the main bearing

297-What part is exposed to the combustion directly


a) Piston crown b) Piston skirt c) Piston rod d) Piston rings e) Piston pin

298- What statement is not true regarding boilers?


a) Boilers produce steam for machinery
b) Boilers are used for main propulsion plant
c) Boilers can be classified as fire tube and water tube
d) Boilers can be found on all motor vessels
e) Boiler feedwater is circulated by a feedwater pump in all boilers

299-Piston is connected to connecting rod by:


a) Piston rod b) Piston head c) Piston pin d) Piston skirt e) Crosshead guide

300-The grooves on the piston are for:


a) Piston pin b) Piston rod c) Piston crown d) Crosshead slippers e) Piston rings

301-What has a direct contact with piston rings?


a) Liner b) Camshaft c) Crosshead d) Crankshaft e) Jacket
302-In two stroke crosshead engine, the piston is connected to the crosshead by:
a) Crosshead slipper b) Piston rod c) Piston pin d) Cam journal e) Piston crown

303-The purpose of cylinder cooling is:


a) Maintaining the engine temperature at a certain level of operation
b) Retaining the piston temperature at constant speed
c) Making liner more slippery
d) Treating the fresh water before starting the engine
e) Reducing the crankshaft revolution speed

304-Receiving fuel on board the vessel is called as:


a) Storage b) Seperation c) Bunkering d) Transfer e) Service

305-Fuel transfer pumps are of:


a) Centrifugal type
b) Gear type
c) Positive dispalcement type
d) Axial flow type
e) Screw type

306-Fuel main is located:


a) On the bunkering station
b) On the storage tank
c) On the service tank
d) In the engine room
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e) Underneath the cargo spaces

307-What parts are not lubricated on four stroke cycle engines?


a) Main bearings
b) Crank pins
c) Piston pins
d) Crosshead guides
e) Liners

308- The lubricating oil is stored in the ........located at the bottom of crankcase
a) Sump b) Expansion tank c) Drain tank d) Lubricator e) Steam heating coil

309-What is not a part of propulsion system?


a) Propeller b) Shafting c) Main thrust block d) Reduction Gear e) Rudder

310- The lubricating oil temperature is controlled with a:


a) Thermostatic valve
b) Viscosity regulator
c) Heater
d) Cooler
e) Strainer

311-“Hub, blade, pitch”. The terms are related to:


a) Shafting b) Rudder c) Thrust block d) Propeller e) Sterntube

312-“Each blade is set into the boss and connected to the crosshead.”
What word cannot be used instead of the underlined word?
a) Linked b) Attached c) United d) Slipped e) Joined

313- .“The movement of rudder is accomplished by means of the transmission system.”


What words can replace the underlined words?
a) Motion-achieved,
b) Resistance-supported,
c) Gear-handled,
d) Action-suspended,
e) Motion-gripped.

314- A scotch marine boiler does not have:


a) Furnace b) Manhole c) Smoke tubes d) Burner e) Drums

315- What statement is not true regarding tubes of a fire tube boiler?
a) All the tubes are made of heat-resistant metal
b) All the tubes are surrounded by water
c) All the tubes immersed in water
d) All the tubes are mounted vertically
e) The hot gases pass through these tubes

316- What gives the characteristic of fire tube boilers?


a) Fire tube boilers have less water capacity
b) Fire tube boilers are used for low pressure
c) Fire tubes boilers are more conductive
d) Fire tube boilers can steam up in a short time
e) Fire tube boilers are used on oil tankers

35
317-The moisture is removed from the steam by means of___________
a) downcomer b) generating tubes c) water drum d) steam drum e) waterwall tubes

318-The purpose of attemperator is:


a) To remove the impurities from the feedwater
b) To reduce the temperature of superheated steam
c) To supply heat recovery
d) To remove non-condensable gases from boiler
e) To remove all moisture from the steam

319-What is used for reducing the temperature of steam for auxiliary machinery?
a) Superheater b) Deaerator c) Soot blower d) Atomizer e) Desuperheater

320-“Diffuser plate, atomizer, air register” These terms are related to:
a) Steam drum b) Header c) Burner d) Downcomer e) Water drum

321-What statement is not true ?


a) Soot blower keeps clear of combustion residues
b) De-arator keeps water free of air
c) Air ejector removes non-condensable gases from economizer
d) Superheater removes the moisture from steam.
e) Attemperator reduces the temperature of superheated steam

322-“Raw water is not pure enough to use in boiler”


What word can be exactly used instead of underlined word?
a) Treated b) Untreated c) Dilute d) Dissolved e) Salt

323-The dissolved salts in feedwater may cause:


a) Reduction in heat transfer by scale formation
b) Hardness
c) Caustic cracking
d) Tube failure from overheating
e) all

324-Caustic cracking is the result of:


a) Foaming
b) Priming
c) Excess of alkaline salts
d) Suspension
e) Leakage

325-Corrosion within boiler is prevented by:


a) Polymer treatment
b) Adding anti-foam
c) Deaeration
d) Amine treatement
e) Adding coagulants

326- The function of a deaerator is :


a) Acting as a storage tank to keep water level
b) Keeping a constant pressure on the feed system
c) Keeping water free of air
d) Acting as a contact feed heater
e) all
36
327- ______________ is not a cooling system.
a) Piston cooling
b) Crankcase cooling
c) Lube oil cooling
d) Charge oil cooling
e) Pitch propeller cooling

328- What statement is not true regarding two stroke engines?


a) Two stroke engines are uniflow and cross flow types.
b) Two stroke engines have ports on liner.
c) Crankshaft completes two revolutions in a two stroke cycle.
d) Compression and power strokes are two strokes comprising the cycle.
e) Two stroke engines may be fitted with crossheads.

329-The function of a dearator is _______________.


a) acting as a storage tank to keep water level.
b) keeping a constant pressure on the feed system
c) keeping a constant pressure
d) acting as a contact feed heater
e) all

330- What statement is not true regarding switchboards?


a) Switchboards distribute electric power.
b) There are feeders that extend from switchboard to the distribution panels.
c) Switchboards are divided into sections by busbar isolators.
d) Switchboards recieve power directly from transformer.
e) Switchboards are connected to the panels and circuits.

331- Any device used to regulate or stop the flow of liquid in a piping system is _______.
a) pump b) valve c) ejector d) separator e) heat exchanger

332- Air recievers are not fitted with _________.


a) pressure gauge b) reducing valve c) drain valve d)relift valve e) strainer

333- Air recievers are protected against high pressure by ___________.


a) pressure gauge b) reducing valve c) relief valve d) drain valve e) silencer

334- What statement is not true concerning reciprocating pump?


a) They are positive displacement pumps.
b) They may be used as boiler feed pump,bilge or fuel oil pump.
c) They are designed as single acting or double acting.
d) They are very common on motor ships.
e) Their pumping function is done by a ball.

335- __________ are not self-priming pumps.


a) Screw pumps
b) Reciprocating pumps
c) Gear pumps
d) Centrifugal pumps
e) Rotary positive displacement pumps

336- Aşağıdaki Türkçe iş emrinin doğru İngilizce karşılığını işaretleyiniz.


“Servo motor ön yağlama yağı pompası çalışmıyor. Elektrik panosundaki arızayı tesbit ediniz ve gideriniz.
37
a) The lubricating oil tank’s secondary circuit does not function. Dislocate the malfunction in the servo
motor and change it
b) The servo motor of the main engine oil pump is not working. Find the problem in the electro-hydraulic
system and correct it
c) The servo motor primary lubricating oil pump does not work. Locate the malfunction in the electricity
panel and correct it
d) The primary servomotor of the electric panel does not work. Locate the malfunction in the oil pump and
correct it
e) None of the above

337-There are some Certificates/documents which are internationally recognized and have to be carried on
board. These are checked/inspected by the port state control officer (PSCO) when he/she/they come on
board. One of the following certificates does not have to be carried on board on tanker. Choose that
certificate and mark it :
a) Document of compliance, Solas 74, Regulation II-2/54,
b) Oil record book, Parts I and II
c) Cargo record book
d) Document of Authorization for the carriage of grain
e) Minimum safe manning document

338-During the inspection of the machinery spaces on board for oil and oily mixtures, the port state control
officer ( PSCO) may determine and takes into account:
a) If reception facilities have been used
b) If there is any inadequacy of such facilities
c) The quantity of oil residues generated
d) The capacity of sludge and bilge water tank and the capacity of the oily-water separator
e) All of the above

339- During Port State Control Procedures, there are certain definitions, to limit or authorise the port state
control officer (PSCO), executing his /her responsibility. A Substandard ship is :
a) A ship whose engines are not on board
b) A ship which has an uncomplete oil record book
c) A ship; whose hull, machinery, equipment or operational safety is substantially below the standards
required by the relevant convention
d) A ship, whose crew is not in conformance with the safe manning document
e) C+D

340- During Port State Control Procedures, there are certain definitions, to limit or authorize the port state
control officer (PSCO), executing his/her responsibility.
Choose the correct answer: A Port State control officer is :
a) The Administration representative of the flag state
b) The senior command authority of the coast guard of the port state
c) A person duly authorized by the competent authority of a party to a relevant convention, to carry out port
state control inspections, and responsible exclusively to that party
d) A person who meets the relevant conditions set forth by resolution A. 739 (18) and has been delegated
by the flag state administration
e) The captain of the coast guard boat

341-During the more detailed inspection of the machinery spaces, the Port State Control Officer should
assess the condition of the ___________________and the ____________________to make sure that they
are capable of providing sufficient continuous power for propulsion and for auxiliary services :
38
a) Systems maintenance and the Ship’s log book
b) Wheel house and the machinery spaces
c) Machinery and the electrical installations
d) Performance trials and the emergency services
e) Substandard condition and the engine room

342- Read the following passage very carefully and then answer the question:
“Before starting a diesel engine, there are certain preparations to be made, these are common and
applicable for all diesel engines. Among these; checking the fuel service tank to see that if it is topped up;
sounding the oil level in the sump tank and the lubricating oil tank as well as the turbocharger and the
governor, checking that the relevant valves for sea water, cooling water lubricating oil and fuel oil are
open; starting the standby oil pump for lubrication of bearings; opening the main valve on the starting air
receiver; turning the engine slowly without fuel can be mentioned.”
One of the following procedures is NOT a step when making preparations before starting a diesel main
engine. Choose and mark that step:
a) Sound the oil level in the lubricating oil tank
b) Open the main valve on the starting air receiver
c) Check that the fuel oil service tank has been topped up
d) Shut off the main engine
e) Turn engine slowly without fuel

343-If a centrifugal pump is noisy with excessive vibration during its operation, the cause would most
likely be due to_____________
a) Bent shaft
b) Worn wearing rings
c) Reverse rotation
d) Excessive sealing water pressure
e) B and C

344-There are some Certificates/documents which are internationally recognized and have to be carried on
board. These are checked/inspected by the port state control officer (PSCO) when he/she/they come on
board. One of the following certificates does not have to be carried on board on a bulk carrier (cargo ship).
Choose that certificate and mark it
a) International tonnage certificate
b) Cargo ship safety construction certificate
c) Mobile offshore drilling unit safety certificate
d) Cargo ship safety certificate
e) International oil pollution prevention certificate

345-If a diesel engine refuses to start, does not pick up speed, or oscillates to and fro, the possible cause
may be :
a) Starting air pressure too low
b) Starting valve seizing or cup leather leaking
c) Control slide valves in starting air distributor seizing
d) Air intake holes in slide valve bushes are stopped up
e) All or any of the above may be the cause

346-If a diesel engine refuses to start, it may be due to:


a) Spring for pump plunger is broken
b) Compressing spring in the regulating rod is broken
c) Starting air not sufficient or lack of fuel
d) Delivery valve dirty and there is sea water in injection pumps
e) Stop-cock in the lubricating oil pipe is closed
39
347-When checking the engine condition of a diesel main engine;_____________of the fuel oil, is the main
condition of satisfactory performance of a diesel engine:
a) Low density
b) Partial combustion
c) Ideal temperature
d) Complete combustion
e) Lots of impurities

348-When checking the engine condition of a diesel main engine; the fuel oil should be free from:
a) Water b) Filters c) Gases d) Impurities e) A+D

349-In a diesel engine, accumulation of sludge in the cooling spaces for cylinder liners and covers will
cause :
a) Perfect lubrication
b) Reduced heat conductivity
c) Increased heat conductivity
d) Destruction of lubricating oil film
e) All the above

350-In a diesel main engine, rise in the exhaust temperature may be due to:
a) Leaky exhaust valve
b) Wrong timing of the exhaust valve operating gear
c) Burned valve seating
d) A+C
e) A+B+C

351-In a diesel main engine, if the engine turns over on compressed air but does not fire, the cause may be:
a) Failing or irregular fuel oil supply
b) Uneven load distribution
c) Too low compression
d) A+C
e) B+C

352- In a diesel main engine, if the engine loses speed or stops, it may be due to ;
a) Fuel oil system or low compression
b) Fuel oil system or high compression
c) High compression or weak ventilation
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

353-In a diesel main engine, the cause of a sudden load reduction in a cylinder or its total failure may be:
a) Defective or clogged-up fuel valve
b) The fuel pump plunger has seized in the barrel
c) Too low compression owing to worn piston rings leaky inlet or exhaust valves or lack of clearance in the
valve actuating gear
d) [(a) and/or (b) and/or (c)]
e) Noneof the above

40
354- In a diesel main engine, the cause of “irregular engine speed” may be the:
a) Air in the fuel oil system
b) Water in the fuel oil
c) Excessive resistance in the regulating gear
d) All or any/some of the above
e) None of the above

355-When starting the diesel main engine, there are certain steps to be taken. In the following steps, only
one STEP is correct, the others are wrong. Find and mark the correct step.
a) Turn the engine slowly without fuel
b) Drain the water in the fuel tank
c) Let fuel tanks go and turn START/STOP button to START
d) Run the engine for 5-10 minutes without load
e) Increase the engine load

356-During the more detailed inspection of the machinery spaces by the, the Port State Control Officer
(PSCO), as it is not possible to determine the condition of the machinery without performance trials,
general deficiencies such as _____may lead to (warrant) further inspection and running tests of machinery:
a) Inoperative pressure gauges, rusted relief valves
b) Inoperative or disconnected safety or control devices
c) Evidence of repeated operation of diesel engine scarange belt or crankcase relief valves
d) Malfunctioning or inoperative automatic equipment and alarm systems and leaking boiler casings or up
rakes
e) All the above

357-Read the following passage very carefully and then answer the questions: “When starting a diesel
engine, there are certain steps to be taken, which are common and applicable for all diesel engines. Among
these; turning the START/STOP button and letting the engine rotate, letting go the start/stop button when
the engine fires and turning off the main valve on the starting air receiver, checking the lubricating oil and
cooling water pressure, checking the fuel oil primary pump pressure, checking to see that the stand-by
lubricating oil pump has been stopped, can be mentioned.” One of the following procedures is NOT a step,
when starting a diesel engine. Choose and mark that step:

a) Let go the start/stop button and turn off the main valve on the starting air receiver
b) Check the lubricating oil and cooling water pressure
c) Check to see that the valves, for fuel oil, cooling water and seawater are all closed and secured
d) Check the fuel oil primary pump pressure
e) Check that the stand by lubricating oil pump has been stopped

358-Read the following paragraph very carefully and then answer the question: “When tending a diesel
engine during running; there are certain things to be checked/controlled. Among these; checking the fuel
oil pressure after the filter, keeping the seawater temperature at the air cooler inlet as low as possible,
avoiding the condensation in the charging air receiver, seeing that the exhaust gases are free form smoke at
all loads, keeping a constant check on the charging air pressure and temperature, can be mentioned.” One
of the following procedures IS NOT something that should be checked/controlled, when tending a diesel
engine during running. Choose that procedure and mark it:
a) Check the fuel oil pressure after the filter
41
b) See that the exhaust gases are free from smoke
c) Keep a constant check on the charging air pressure and temperature
d) Check the oil level and the valves and then start stand-by oil pump
e) Keep the seawater temperature at the air cooler inlet as low as possible

359-Read the following paragraph very carefully and then answer the question:
“When stopping a running diesel engine, there are certain steps to be taken, which are common and
applicable to all diesel engines. Among these; to run the engine at a certain R.P.M. without load far some
time for cooling down purposes, setting the governor to a certain R.P.M. and then turn the start/stop button
to stop, to turn off valves for fuel oil, starting air, sea cooling water and fresh cooling water, if the engine is
to be shut down for a prolonged period, can be mentioned.” One of the following procedures IS NOT a step
to be taken, when stopping a running diesel engine. Choose and mark that step:
a) Run the engine at a certain R.P.M. for sometime
b) Set the governor to a certain R.P.M.
c) Turn the start/stop button to stop
d) Turn off the fuel oil, starting air, sea cooling water and fresh cooling water valves
e) Check that fuel oil, lubricating oil, cooling water and seawater valves are open and they are circulating

360-During the more detailed inspection of the machinery spaces by the, the Port State Control Officer
(PSCO), a large number of temporary repairs, including pipe clips or cement boxes, will indicate ______.
a) The engine book log book is not in order
b) The chief engineer is on leave
c) That the electric generator is out of commission
d) The reluctance to make permanent repairs
e) That the main engine does not work

361- bowl, ALCAP, clarifier‟ The terms are related to;


a) feed water treatment
b) fresh water generation
c) refrigeration
d) oil treatment
e) air conditioning

362- ………..ram, rudder, telemotor‟ The terms are related to;


a) propulsion system
b) refrigeration system
c) fire detection system
d) steering system
e) electric generation

363-The Port State Control Officer (PSCO) my verify whether the responsible ship‟s personnel are familiar
with :
a) Which type of auxiliary steering gear system applies to the ship
b) How it is indicated, which steering gear unit is in operation
c) Operating and steering the whell in the wheelhouse
d) What action is needed to bring the auxiliary steering gear into operation
e) A+B+D
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364-One of the following statements is WRONG. Choose the wrong statement: For the bilge pumps on
board, the Port State Control Officer (PSCO) my verify whether the responsible ship’s personnel are
familiar with:
a) Number and location of the bilge pumps installed on board the ship (including emergency bilge pumps)
b) Starting procedures for all the bilge pumps
c) Appropriate valves to operate
d) Most likely causes of failure of bilge pump operation and their possible remedies
e) None of the above

365-If the diesel engine turns over by compressed air but it does not fire or stops after a few revolutions;
one of the following IS NOT a possible cause, the other four (4) are possible causes. Choose and mark the
answer which is NOT a cause.
a) Lack of fuel
b) Filter in the fuel pipe stopped up
c) Governor is without oil pressure
d) Air intake holes in slide valve bushes are stopped up
e) Stop-cock in fuel pipe is closed

366-While filling up the air bottle when necessary, one of the following ways is something very dangerous
and that you should NEVER DO. Choose and mark this dangerous way that you shouldn‟t do.
a) Boosting the air, by means of auxiliary set
b) Boosting the air, by means of carbonic acid gas
c) Filling the air bottle with oxygen or hydrogen
d) Filling the air bottle with air compressor
e) Filling the air bottle with fresh air

367-When purping a refrigeration system,the compressor is ________________


a) Running
b) Running with the bypass open
c) Shut down
d) Running with th bypass closed
e) Running stedily

368-What statement is true regarding deck machinery?


a) Deck machinery used only for cargo handling
b) Deck machinery can be drived by hydraulic,electric or steam force
c) Tankers mostly use electric-driven deck machinery
d)Navigation and the conduct of ship mostly depend on deck machinery
e) Deck machinery is controlled from the engine room

369-In ‘SULZER 7 RLB 66’ ; 66 indicates ___________


a) The number of cylinder
b) The diameter of cylinder
c) The year that engine manufactured
d)Revolution per minute
e) Model
43
370-What statement is not true regarding crankcase
a) It is below the cylinder
b) It consist of upper and lower sections
c) It provides sump for fuel oil
d)It ancloces the crankshaft
e) Menholes on it allow acces for maintenance

371-Which of the following parts is not a running part


a) Piston
b) Crosshead
c) Cylinder
d)Exhaust valve
e) Camshaft

372-What statement is true about pistons


a) Piston is generally cooled with seawater
b) Piston moves axially
c) Piston is connected to the connecting rod by piston pin
d)Piston is only made of steel
e) Diesel engines use only trunk type pistons

373-What statement is not true regarding camshaft


a) Camshaft is used to operate the fuel pump and exhaust valve
b) It rotates at the some speed with the crankshaft on four stroke engines
c) Camshaft is driven by crankshaft with gear drive or chain drive
d)Camshaft has cams
e) The camshaft is driven by a cam gear

374-What is not a part of propolsion system


a) Propeller
b) Shafting
c) Main thrust block
d)Reduction gear
e) Rudder

375-Which of the following is not used for oil seperation


a) Settlink tank
b) Filters
c) Purifier
d)Centrifuge
e) Incinerator

376-What is not a componet of two-stage air compressor


a) Suction
b) Throttle valve
c) Cooler
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d)Discharge valve
e) Drain valve

377-What statement is not true regarding air receivers


a) The pressure of air is 20-30 bar
b) The receiver must store enough air for twelve engine starts
c) The pressure inside is controlled by a pressure gauge
d)The air receivers are self-cleaning devices
e) Drain valves are fitted to drain impurites

378-Using a semi-permeable to retain salt and impurities from sea water is


a) Distilation
b) Evaporation
c) Voporzation
d)Conderisation
e) Reverse osmosis

379-Seawater is pumped into fresh water generation unit by


a) Booster pump
b) Ejector pump
c) Sanitary pump
d)Transfer pump
e) Distilate pump

380-What process is not related to fresh water generation


a) Reverse osmosis
b) Distilation
c) Evaporation
d)Compression
e) Condensation

381-The feed water is evaporated in the evoporater by means of


a) Brine ejector
b) Condenser
c) Ejector pump
d)Air ejector
e) Cylinder cooling water

382-What part is not included in the refrigeration system


a) Receiver
b) Condenser
c) Ejector
d)Cold rooms
e) Thermostatic expansion valves

45
383-The evaporating pressure is maintained constant in the refrigeration system by
a) Evaporation
b) Cooler
c) Receiver
d)Compressor
e) Thermostatic expansion valve

384-What system is directly related to the crew’s working conditions


a) Air compression
b) Bilge
c) Air conditioning
d)Fresh water generation
e) Refrigeration

385-To prolog the storage life of food stuff by lowering temperature is


a) Air condiotining
b) Evaporationn
c) Refrigeration
d)Condensation
e) Distilation

386-What statement is not true concerning centrifugal pump


a) Centrifugal pumps are self-priming
b) Centrifugal pumps may be clasified as single stage and multi stage
c) They have rotating impeller keyed to shaft
d)Centrifugal pumps are mostly driven by electric motors
e) Their casing have a suction inlet and discharge outlet

387-What is not a rotary pump type


a) Screw
b) Gear
c) Lobe
d)Vone
e) Reciprocating

388- _______________ is not a valve type


a) Relief valve
b) Stop valve
c) Throttling valve
d)Check valve
e) Return valve

389-Which of the following valve types is not a stop valve


a) Ball valve
b) Globe valve
c) Relief valve
d)Butterfly valve
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e) Gate valve

390-What statement is ot true regarding butterfly valves


a) Butterfly valves are stop valves
b) Butterfly valves are small,quick –acting valves
c) Butterfly valves can be used for throttling
d) Butterfly valves can be used in water system and lube system
e) A spherical disc is used open and close the valve

391-To control the supply of expandable fluids such a compressed air,steam _______,is used
a) Cock
b) Stop valve
c) Throttling valve
d)Relief valve
e) Drain valve

392-To discharge excess pressure in a piping system , a________used


a) Ball valve
b) Stop valve
c) Relief valve
d)Throttle valve
e) Check valve

393-What associate is not true


a) Air conditioning-cold room
b) Oil seperation-clarifier
c) Pump-positive displacement pump
d)Valve-non-return valve
e) Fresh water generation-evoparation

394-The machine that generators electrical energy is


a) Generator
b) Electric motor
c) Battery
d)Transformer
e) Rectifier

395-Which of the following parts is not of a generator


a) Rotor
b) Stator
c) Flywheel
d)Winding
e) Armature

47
396-What part of generator is not rotating
a) Rotor
b) Armature
c) Rotor shaft
d)Slip rings
e) Stator

397-The parts of generator that connect the high output voltage to the external circuit are
a) Coils
b) Rotors
c) Slip rings and brushes
d)Stators
e) Armatures

398-What cools the generator by dissipating heat in the generator frame


a) Rotor assembly
b) Stator assembly
c) Brushes
d)Fan assembly
e) Coils of wire

399-Which of the following devices are loads


a) Alternator
b) Wires
c) Distribution panel
d)Motor
e) Coil

400-What is a part of marine electrical distribution


a) DC motors
b) Shaft generators
c) Alternator
d)Emergency switchboard
e) AC motors

401-What is used to seperate operating electrical equipment from the rest of the electrical system
a) Busbars
b) Emergeny switchboard
c) Batteries
d)Branch circuits
e) Circuit breakers and fuses

402-Voltage generated by an alternator is reduced by


a) Fuse
b) Circuit breaker
c) Batteries
d)Flywheel
48
e) Transformer

403-The voltage generated by an alternator is


a) 110 V
b) 440 V
c) 220 V
d)680 V
e) 120 V

404-What statement is true regarding Dc motors


a) DC motors are more common tha AC motors
b) DC motors are easy to maintain
c) DC motors are less expensive than AC motors
d)DC motors have the constant speed characteristic
e) DC motors run on the principles of attraction and repulsion of magnetism

405-What statement is not true regarding AC motors


a) Ac motors consist of two main assemblies rotor and stator
b) Rotors in an AC motor are turned by magnatic field
c) The rotating field in an AC motor induces electromotor force
d)AC motors operate on direct current
e) Singlec-phose AC motors are also called squirrel motors

406-What can be a source of electric power


a) An electric motor
b) A fuse
c) A battery
d)A control panel
e) A rotor

407-‘’Electrolite,anode.electrode ‘’ the terms are related to a


a) Cell
b) Fuse
c) Coil
d)Pole
e) Stator

408-What is the solution that reaets with the electrodes


a) Battery
b) Electrolyte
c) Cell
d)Anode
e) Lead

409-A lead-acid battery 6 cells can give the voltage of


a) 2.2 V
b) 7 V
49
c) 12 V
d)1.4 V
e) 6 V

410-What statement is not true regarding electrolyte


a) The electrolyte reacts with the electrodes
b) The electrolyte provides a path for electron flow
c) It may be a salt,an acid or an alcaline solution
d)Electrolytes are non-conducting materials
e) It can be a liquid or dry substance

411-Deck machinery is used for


a) Mooring
b) Seamenship applications
c) Anchoring
d)Cargo handling
e) All

412- ___________ is not a drive type used for deck machinery


a) Electric
b) Hydrolic
c) Hydrolic-electric
d)Electrical
e) Electronic

413- ____________ is not a component of a mooring winch


a) Warp end
b) Spur gear
c) Motor
d)Friction break
e) Drum

414-Wildcat is a componet of
a) Capstan
b) Drum
c) Windlass
d)Derrick
e) Mooring winch

415-The function of wildcat is


a) Gripping the anchor chain
b) Stopping the slipping of anchor
c) Handling the mooring line
d)Hoisting the jip
e) Warping the lines

50
416-What is not included in anchoring arrangement
a) Anchore chain
b) Chain locker
c) Jip
d)Hawse
e) Windlass

417-The height of derrick is fixed by


a) Mooring line
b) Jip
c) Topping wire
d)Forward line
e) Luffing wire

418-What statement is not true regarding derricks


a) Derricks are operated by winches
b) Derricks will be designe fixed or slewing
c) Derricks fitted on deck
d)Derricks are used only for cargo handling
e) Derrick can rotate through 360°

419-What do you understant by ‘’hoisting’’


a) Rotating the crane
b) Slewing the derrick
c) Lowering the jib
d)Lowering out the line
e) Lifting the load

420-What statement is not true regarding cranes


a) Cranes can rotate through 360°
b) Cranes are more modern cargo handling devices
c) Cranes can lift up to 50 tonnes
d)Cranes are driven by cargo winches
e) Cranes are located on deck for cargo handling

421-‘’Jib,hatch,derrick’’ the terms are related to


a) Mooring
b) Anchoring
c) Steering
d)Cargo handling
e) Berthing

422-Water tightness of the closed hatch covers is accomplished by


a) Roller
b) Jointing strip
c) Spindle
d)Hinge
51
e) Capston

423-Bow thrusters
a) Are not used for improving manoeuvring capability
b) Are not contrelled by bridge
c) Are not located at the end of ship
d)Do not have any motor drive
e) Do not enable the ship more manoeuvrable

424-What statement is not true regarding ram type transmission unit in steering system
a) The rams operate the tiller
b) Each cylinder has a variable delivery pump
c) The tiler is keyed to the rudder stock
d)The slipper ring is attached to the telemeter unit
e) The unit is electric-driven

425-The ward-leonard system is


a) An electric-driven cargo handiling method
b) A hatch cover folding system
c) An electric-steering system
d)An electric-driven sttering system
e) An automatic water tight door system

426- I-Tiler II-Rudder III-Jib IV-Hatc cooming V-Ram


The commonants of steering system are
a) I-II-IV
b) III-V
c) I-II-V
d)I-IV-V
e) III-IV-V

427- ________ is not included in the steering gear


a) Rudder
b) Propeller
c) Telemotor
d)Transmitter
e) Rudder actuater

428-The machine that converts the electrical energy into mechanical energy is a
a) Generator
b) Motor
c) Armature
d)Transformer
e) Stator

52
429-Which of the following method is normally used to control the circulated air temperature of an air
conditioning system using chilled water circulation
a) A fan speed controller regulates the amount of air flowing across the coils
b) Control dampers varying the number of passes the air makes across the cooling coils
c) A regulating valve changes the inlet temperature of the water in the cooling coils
d)A regulating valve control the quantity of chilled water flowing in the cooling coils
e) A solenoid valve controls the inlet temperature of the water in the heating coils

430-The purpose of an accumulator in a hydraulic system is to


a) Collect any dirt in the system
b) Collect fluid from any small leak
c) Preheat the fluid during cold weather
d)Store potential energy in the form hydraulic fluid under pressure in the system
e) Prevent corrosion in the system

431- Which of the listed components of a hydraulic system would enable the pump to be temporarily
shutdown, and yet still provide an instantaneous source of hydraulic force?
a) Modulator
b) Pressure compensator valve
c) Accumulator
d)Sump actuator
e) Cooler

432- What equipment is required when processing bilge slops for overboard discharge?
a) A 100 PPM oily water seperator
b) A lube oil purufier operating as a separator
c) A 15 PPM oily water separator and discharge monitor
d)A 30 PPM oily water seperator and discharge monitor
e)A 45 PPM oily water separator and discharge monitor

433- Which of the following statements describes the function of an air compressor intake filter?
a) Protects against suction valve float.
b) Provides a positive pressure on the air inlet valves.
c) Prevents lubricating oil contamination of the compressed air supply.
d) Protects against the damaging effects of airborne solid particles.
e) Protects against discharge valve float.

434-Which of the following statements is correct when comparing cylinder diameters of a two-stage
reciprocating air compressor
a) The low pressure cylinder will be smaller than the high pressure cylinder.
b) The high pressure cylinder will be smaller than the low pressure cylinder
c) The high and low pressure cylinders will be of equal size
d)The low pressure cylinder will be smaller than the high pressure cylinder but the piston stroke will be
greater
e) The high pressure cylinder will be bigger than low pressure cylinder

53
435-Which of the following statements repsesents the part of air flow passing through a typical two-stage
low pressure,reciprocating, air compressor
a) Intercooler,LP cylinder,HP cylinder and air cleaner
b) LP cylnder,air cleaner,intercooler and HP cylinder
c) Air cleaner,LP cylinder,HP cylinder and intercooler
d)Air cleaner,LP cylinder,intercooler and HP cylinder
e) Lp cylinder,intercoooler,air cooler and HP cylinder

436-An air compressor is equipped with an intercooler and an aftercooler to __________


a) İnject water vapor into the compressed air
b) Prevent overheating of first stage valves
c) İncrease compressor efficiency and economy
d)Reduce the compressed air charge density
e) İncrease the compressed air charge density

437-Prior to starting the purpose of turning over a main propulsion disel engine with the cylinder test
cocks open,is to __________
a) Test the starting system
b) Remove condensation and other liquids from the cylinders
c) Check the compression
d)Check for proper lube oil pressure
e) Test the stsrting air valve

438-The sludge tank installed in the diesel engine room is used to collect __________
I- Sludge from seperators
II- Water that has been collected in the settlink tank
III-Fuel oil leakages from system
a) I
b) II
c) I and II
d)I and III
e) All above

439-A seperator will satisfactorily remove which of the following contaminants from fuel oil
a) Sludge
b) Water
c) Lubricating oil
d)Sulphur compounds
e) A and B

440- On board supply vessels, a seperator is normally used to purify __________.


a) Cooling water
b) Fuel oil
c) Sea water
d)Diesel intake air
e) Gasoline

54
441- When centrifuging heavy fuel oil, an important factor to consider is the ________
Flow rate
Viscosity of the fuel oil
Temperature of the fuel oil
a) I
b) II
c) I and II
d)I and III
e) All above

442- Fuel supplied by each unit injector on a two-stroke/cycle single acting diesel engine is directed into
each cylinder at a very high pressure through the
a) High pressure fuel line
b) Spill deflector
c) Check valve
d)Spray tip of the injector
e) Fuel pump

443- The injection pressure of a hydraulic fuel injection nozzle can be increased by _______
a) İncreasing fuel oil booster pump pressure
b) İncreasing the injector nozzle orifice size
c) İncreasing compression on the pressure spring
d)İncreasing fuel oil supply pump pressure
e) Removing shims from under the nozzle spring

444- The fuel injection pumps on a diesel engine are controlled by a linkage system attached to the _____
a) Camshaft
b) Crankshaft
c) Governor
d)Flywheel
e) Fuel oil pump

445- The degree of fuel atomization in a diesel engine cylinder depends primarily on _______
a) The size of the holes in the fuel nozzle
b) Timing of the pump
c) Supply pressure to the pump
d)Shape of the combustion chamber
e) Size of the cylinder

446- Injectors for use with heavy fuel oil may be internally cooled by either water or light oil to _____
a) Prevent heat corrosion to internal components
b) Increase fuel delivery rate and economy
c) Prevent preignition
d)Avoid carbonization of the nozzle tips
e) None of the above

55
447-Ship are designed for
a) transporting cargo and passengers between ports
b) performing service
c) defence and military purposes
d) pleasure and entertainment
e) all

448-What ship are not included in Merchant ships category


a) Auxiliary
b) Cargo ships
c) Passenger ships
d)Pleasure crafts
e) Fishing vessels

449-Which of the following ships is a cargo ship


a) Dredger
b) Cable-layer
c) Tugboat
d)Reefer
e) İce-breaker

450-The large vessels are assisted in port for berthing by


a) Tugboats
b) Dredgers
c) İce-breaker
d)Fire boats
e) ferries

451-Bulk liquid cargo can be carrieed by


a) Reefer
b) Livestock carriers
c) Heavy-lift ships
d)Bulk carriers
e) Gas carriers

452-Livestock carriers carry


a) Liquid cargo,petroleum products
b) Frezen food
c) Farm animals
d)Grain,ore,coal,etc
e) Cargo in containers

453-Cruise ships are included in the category of


a) Naval ships
b) Cargo ships
c) Service ships
d)Passenger ships
56
e) Fishing vessels

454-The depth of ship’s keel below water line is


a) Freeboard
b) Bottom
c) Bearn
d)Draught
e) Stern

455-Cargo can be loaded or discharged by


a) Holds
b) Hatches
c) Derricks
d)Rudders
e) Anchors

456-What statement is not true regarding a ship


a) A ship is steerned by its rudder
b) A ship is propelled by its propeller
c) A ship is moored by its mooring arrangements
d)A ship is controlled from the engine room
e) A ship is built in shipyard

457-The weight of liquid displaced by a vessel when floating with cargo,fuel,stores any other weights is
a) Load displacement
b) Light displacement
c) Deadweight
d)Net tonnage
e) Gross tonnage

458-Marine engineers are responsible for


a) Safe and efficient operation of main propulsion machinery
b) ship service systems
c) The repair and maintenance of deck machinery
d) The operation and maintenance auxiliary machinery
e) All

459-A marine engineer has to know about


a) Chemistry,physics,mathematics
b) Maintenance of machinery
c) Safety rules and equipment
d)hydraulics and pneumatics
e) All

57
460-The port state control officer (PSCO) may determine if the responsible ship’s personel are familiar
with their duties , related to oparating essential machinery , such as :
a) Bilge and fire pump
b) Auxiliary steering gear
c) Emergency and stand by sources of power
d) Any other equipment essential in emergency stuations
e) All the above

461-A diesel generator engine operates at 1800 RPM. The overspeed governor will normally be set
between_____________RPM.
a) 1980 and 2070
b) 2100 and 2200
c) 2200 and 2300
d) 2300 and 2400
e) Less than 1800

462-All boilers have a_____________where the fuel is burned to release the energy, and
a_____________is a place where steam and water are seperated.
a) Furnace/combustion chamber
b) Combustion chamber/drum
c) Furnace/fittings
d) Drum/furnace
e) Combustion chamber/fittings

463-The purpose of a heat exchanger is to:


a) Eliminate hot air from the condenser
b) Maintain steady pressures in a system
c) Heat or cool one fluid by means of another fluid
d) Reduce the engine room temperature in tropical climates
e) Maintain steady temperature in a syst

464-hawse, wildcat, drum, chain locker' The terms are related to;
a) steering gear
b) anchoring equipment
c) mooring equipment
d) bow thrusters
e) cargo handling equipment

465-Which is not a reason for taking on ballast?


a) reducing the draft
b) preventing the propeller from slipping
c) providing a better stability for ship
d) better distribution of weight throughout the vessel
e) reducing the freeboard

58
466-Aftercooling of a turbocharged diesel engine will result in_____________brake horsepower.
a) Higher torque but lower
b) Lower torque but higher
c) Higher torque but higher
d) Lower torque and lower
e) Lower revolution

467-In the majority of the cases, general troubles which may occur on diesel engines, are due to two
obvious causes :
a) Nozzle bores are stopped up AND the nozzle drips
b) Compression is too low AND exhaust valves leak
c) Delivery valve leaks AND piston rings are burnt-in
d) Diesel engine refuses to start AND diesel engine supplies too little power
e) Regulating rod sticks and injection plunger is damaged

468-In a diesel main engine, if the exhaust temperature or maximum pressure of a particular cylinder turn
out to be abnormal;
a) The connection rod should be exchanged for a sparce one
b) The spark plugs should be exchanged for spare ones
c) The fuel valve should be exchanged for a spare one
d) The turbocharger should be exchanged for a spare one
e) None of the above

469-During the more detailed inspection of the machinery spaces, The Port State Control Officer (PSCO)
assesses the condition of the machinery and of the electrical installations, to make sure that:
a) They provide 220 volt 110 volt A.C. and D.C. only in the day time,
b) They provide all the remedies for frayed and disconnected circuits
c) They are capable of providing sufficient continuous power for propulsion and for auxiliary services,
d) They provide interrupted power for the main engine only
e) None of the above

470-During the more detailed inspection of the machinery spaces, the Port State Control Officer will see
and accept the _______________________________________________as a pointer to an unsatisfactory
organization of the systems maintenance:
a) Frayed or disconnected quick-closing valves
b) Disconnected or in operative extended control rods or machinery trip mechanisms
c) Missing valve hand wheels, evidence of chronic steam
d) Water and oil leaks, dirty tank tops and bilges or extensive corrosion of machinery foundations
e) A+B+C+D

471-Air conditioning system does not involve


a) Heating the air
b) Ventilating
c) Compressing air
d) Cooling the air
e) ?

59
472- The ward – leonard system is ;
a) An electric – driven cargo handling method
b) A hatch cover folding system
c) A electric – steering system
d) An electric – driven steering system
e) An automatic water tight door system

473. I – Tiler , II – Rudder , III -Jib , IV - Hatch cooming , V – Ram the componants of steering system are
a) I , II , IV
b) III , V
c) I , II , V
d) I , IV , V
e) III , IV , V

474. What statement is not true regarding ram type transmission unit in steering system ?
a) The rams operate the tiller
b) Each cylinder has a variable delivery pump
c) The tiller is keyed to the rudder stock
d) The slipper ring is attached to the telemeter unit
e) The unit is electric-driven

475. Bow thrusters ;


a) Are not used for improving monoeuvring capability
b) Are not contrlled by bridge
c) Are not located at the end of ship
d) Do not have any motor drive
e) Do not enable the ship more manoeuvrable

476. “Jib hatch derrick” the terms are related to ;


a) Mooring
b) Anchoring
c) Steering
d) Cargo handling
e) Berthing

477.Water tightness of the closed hatch covers is accomplished by ;


a) Roller b) Jointing strip c) Spindle d) Hinge e) Capstan

478. 104. The voltage generated by an alternator is ,


a) 110 V
b) 440 V
c) 220 V
d) 680 V
e) 120 V

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479. What statement is true regarding DC motors ?
a) DC motors are more common tha AC motor
b) DC motors are easy to maintain
c) DC motors are less expensive than AC motors
d) DC motors have the constant speed characteristic
e) DC motors run on the principles of attraction and repulsion of magnetism

480. What statement is not true regarding AC motors ?


a) AC motors consist of two main assemblies rotor and stator
b) Rotors in an AC motor are turned by magnetic field
c) The rotating field in an AC motor induces electromotor force
d) AC motors operate on direct current
e) Singlec – phose AC motors are also called squirrel cage motors

481. What can be a source of electric power ?


a) An electric motor b)A fuse c) A battery d) A control panel e) A rotor

482.What port of generator is not rotating ?


a) Rotor b) Armature c) Rotorshaft d) Slip rings e) Stator

483. The parts of generator that connect the high output voltage to the external circuit are ;
a) Coils b) Rotors c) Slip rings and brushes d) Stators e) Armatures

484. What cools the generator by dissipating heat in the generator frame ?
a) Rotor assembly
b) Stator assembly
c) Brushes
d) Fan assembly
e) Coils of wire

485. The machine that generators electrical energy is ;


a) Generator b) Electric motor c) Battery d) Transformer e) Rectifier

486. The machine that converts the electrical energy into mechanical energy is a ;
a) Genarator b) Motor c) Armature d) Transformer e) Stator

487. Which of the following parts is not of a generator ?


a) Rotor b) Stator c) Flywheel d) Winding e) Armature

488. What part is not included in the refrigeration system ?


a) Receiver b) Condenser c) Ejector d) Cold rooms e) Thermostatic expansion valves

489. The evaporating pressure is maintained constant in the refrigeration system by ;


a) Evaporation b) Cooler c) Receiver d) Compressor e) Thermostatic expansion valve

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EK SORULAR

1. What statement is not true regarding the function of steam turbine ?


a.) Steam turbine extarcts mechanical work from the energy stored in steam
b.) Steam turbine generates electrical energy
c.) Sometimes steam turbine is connected to a reduction gear
d.) Steam turbine is used as cargo pump drive source
e.) Steam turbine produces steam for steam engine

2. ‘’ Gas will expand when heat is applied ‘’ What statement below has the same meaning with this
law of phsycs ?
a.) Gas expands unless heat is applied
b.) When gas expand, its temperature decreases
c.) Whenever gas is heated, it expands
d.) Gas expands, otherwise heat is applied
e.) If we expand the gas, it will heat

3. ‘’ When a gas is compressed, the temperature of the gas will increase ‘’ What word can be used
instead of underlined word without changing meaning ?
a.) Decrease
b.) Raise
c.) Reduce
d.) Expand
e.) Exceed

4. What statement is not true regarding gas turbines ?


a.) Gas turbine operates on the Otto cycle
b.) Gas turbine has low manoeuvring capability
c.) Gas turbine are used on super tankers, naval ships or aircrafts
d.) Gas turbine is not attractive for a ship owner because of high fuel cost
e.) Gas turbine is an internal combustion engine
5. In a gas turbine, the pressure of air is changed
a.) At the inlet
b.) In the combustion chamber
c.) Through the compressor
d.) During the combustion
e.) Through the inlet of turbine

6. What factor is not primarily taken into account by a ship owner when choosing an engine ?
a.) Cost
b.) Propulsive efficiency
c.) Size and weight
d.) Maintenance work load
e.) Installation time

7. ‘’ The piston is forcing the exhaust gas out of the cylinder by moving downward ‘’ What word
must
be changed to get the true meaning ?
a.) Piston
b.) Exhaust
c.) Gas
d.) Cylinder
e.) Downword

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8. The purpose of cylinder cooling is:
a.) Maintaining the engine temperature at a certain level of operation
b.) Retaining the piston temperature at constant speed
c.) Making liner more slippery
d.) Treating the fresh water before starting the engine
e.) Reducing the crancshaft revolution speed

9. Fuel main is located:


a.) On the bunkering station
b.) On the storage tank
c.) On the service tank
d.) In the engine room
e.) Underneath the cargo spaces

10. What statement is not true regarding boilers ?


a.) Boilers produce steam for machinery
b.) Boilers are used for main propulsion plant
c.) Boilers can be classified as fire tube and water tube
d.) Boilers can be found on all motor vessels
e.) Boiler feedwater is circulated by a feedwater pump in all boilers

11. What statement is not true regarding tubes of a fire tube boilers ?
a.) All the tubes are made of heat-resistant metal
b.) All the tubes are surrounded by water
c.) All the tubes immersed in water
d.) All the tubes are mounted vertically
e.) The hot gases pass through these tubes

12. The moisture is removed from the steam by means of


a.) Downcomer
b.) Generating tubes
c.) Water drum
d.) Steam drum
e.) Waterwall tubes

13. The purpose of attemperator is:


a.) To remove the impurities from feedwater
b.) To reduce the temperature of superheated steam
c.) To supply heat recovery
d.) To remove non-condensable gases from boiler
e.) To remove all moisture from steam

14. Non-condensable gases are removed from the condenser by:


a.) Air heater
b.) Air ejecter
c.) Desuperheater
d.) Attemperator
e.) Deaerator

15. The function of deaerator is:


a.) Acting as a storage tank to keep water level
b.) Keeping a constant pressure on the feed system
c.) Keeping water free of air
d.) Acting as a contact feed heater
e.) All

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16. What statement is not true ?
a.) Soot blower keeps clear of combustion residues
b.) Deaerator keeps water free of air
c.) Air ejecter removes non-condensable gases from economizer
d.) Superheater removes the moisture from steam
e.) Attemperator reduces the temperature of superheated steam

17. ‘’ Raw water is not true enough to use in boiler ‘’ What word can be exactly used instead of
underlined word ?
a.) Treated
b.) Untreated
c.) Dilute
d.) Dissolved
e.) Salt
18. The dissolved salts in feedwater may cause :
a.) Reduction in heat transfer by scale formation
b.) Hardness
c.) Caustic cracing
d.) Tube failure from overheating
e.) All
19. Caustic cracking is the result of :
a.) Foaming
b.) Priming
c.) Excess of alkaline salts
d.) Suspension
e.) Leakage
20. pH value is achieved by adding :
a.) Hydrazine
b.) Coagulant
c.) Sulphure
d.) Chloride
e.) Magnesium
21. Corrosion within boiler is prevented by :
a.) Polymer treatment
b.) Adding anti-foam
c.) Deaeration
d.) Amine treatement
e.) Adding coagulants
22. Scale and sludge formation is prevented by :
a.) Neutralizing amines
b.) Filming amines
c.) Polymer treatment
d.) Keeping pH value
e.) Deaeration of the boiler by hydrazine
23. Which of the following oil seperation units makes use of gravity ?
a.) Clarifier
b.) Purifier
c.) Settling tank YENİ SORU
d.) Filter
e.) Centrifuge
24. Air receivers are not fitted with :
a.) Pressure gauge
b.) Reducing valve
c.) Drain valve
d.) Relief valve
e.) Strainer
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25. Air receivers are protected against high pressure by :
a.) Pressure gauge
b.) Reducing valve
c.) Drain valve
d.) Relief valve
e.) Silencer
26. Using a semi-permeable to retain salt and impurities from sea water is :
a.) Distillation
b.) Evaporation
c.) Vaporization
d.) Condensation
e.) Reverse osmosis
27. ‘’ Ammonia is extremely toxic ‘’ What word can replace the underline word ?
a.) Harmless
b.) Poisonous
c.) Perishable
d.) Raw
e.) Corrosive
28. Air conditioning system does not involve :
a.) Heating the air
b.) Ventilating
c.) Compressing the air
d.) Cooling the air
e.) None
29. When operating at high or low speed in the use of nozzles in a turbine, attention and
precaution
must be taken that :
a.) The nozzles in use should be wide open
b.) Operation with a few nozzles at it’s economical
c.) The nozzles not in use must be tightly closed
d.) All above
e.) Only a and b
30. .............. are not self priming pumps??????????????????????
a.) Screw pumps
b.) Reciprocating pumps
c.) Gear pumps
d.) Centrifugal pumps
e.) Rotary positive displacement pumps
31. What statement is not true regarding butterfly valves ?
a.) Butterfly valves are stop valves
b.) Butterfly valves are small, quick-acting valves
c.) Butterfly valves can be used for throttling
d.) Butterfly valves can be used in water systems and lube systems
e.) A spherical disc is used open and close the valve
32. Marine electrical equipments are :
a.) Generators
b.) Motors
c.) Batteries
d.) Switchboards
e.) All
33. Which of the following parts is not of a generator ?
a.) Rotor
b.) Stator
c.) Flywheel
d.) Winding
e.) Armature
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34. What part of a generator is not rotating ?
a.) Rotor
b.) Armature
c.) Rotorshaft
d.) Sliprings
e.) Stator
35. The parts of generator that connect the high output voltage to the external circuit are :
a.) Coils
b.) Rotors
c.) Slip rings and brushes
d.) Stators
e.) Armatures
36. What cools the generator by dissipating heat in the generator frame ?
a.) Rotor assembly
b.) Stator assembly
c.) Brushes
d.) Fan assembly
e.) Coils of wire
37. Which of the following devices are loads ?
a.) Alternator
b.) Wires
c.) Distribution panel
d.) Motor
e.) Coil
38. What statement is not true regarding switchboards ?
a.) Switchboards distribute electric power
b.) There are feeders that extend from switchboard to the distribution panels
c.) Switchboards are divided into sections by busbar isolators
d.) Switchboards receive power directly from transformer
e.) Switchboards are connected to the panels and circuits
39. Whats is used to seperate operating electrical equipment from the rest of the electric system ?
a.) Burbars
b.) Emergency switchboard
c.) Batteries
d.) Branch circuits
e.) Circuit breakers and fuses
40. The voltage generated by an alternator is :
a.) 110 V
b.) 440 V
c.) 220 V
d.) 680 V
e.) 120 V
41. What statement is true regarding DC motors ?
a.) DC motors are common than AC motors
b.) DC motors are easy to maintain
c.) DC motors are less expensive than AC motors
d.) DC motors have the constant speed characteristic
e.) DC motors run on the principles of attraction and repulsion of magnetism
42. What statement is not true regarding AC motors ?
a.) AC motors consist of two main assemblies: rotor and stator
b.) Rotos is an AC motor are turned by magnetic field
c.) The rotating field in an AC motor induces electromotor force
d.) AC motors operate on direct current
e.) Single-phase AC motors are also called squirrel cage motors

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43. What can be a source of electric power ?
a.) An electric motor
b.) A fuse
c.) A battery
d.) A control panel
e.) A rotor
44. ‘’ Electrolite, anode, electrode ‘’ The terms are related to a :
a.) Cell
b.) Fuse
c.) Coil
d.) Pole
e.) Stator
45. What is the solution that reacts with electrodes ?
a.) Battery
b.) Electrolyte
c.) Cell
d.) Anode
e.) Lead
46. A lead-acid battery of 6 cells can give the voltage of :
a.) 2,2 V
b.) 7 V
c.) 12 V
d.) 1,4 V
e.) 6 V
47. What statement is not true regarding electrolyte ?
a.) The electrolyte reacts with the electrodes
b.) The electrolyte provides a path for electron flow
c.) It may be a salt, an acid or an alcaline solution
d.) Electrolyte are non-conducting materials
e.) It can be a liquid or dry substances
48. Clearance volume scavenging in a turbocharged, four stroke cyclediesel engine is
accomplished
.............. YENİ SORU
a.) During the valve overlap period
b.) With only the exhaust valve open
c.) At a pressure below atmospheric
d.) Without cooling the cylinders or pistons
49. In an auxilary diesel engine, one reason for knurling the piston skirt is to ...................
a.) Improve skirt lubrication
b.) Transmit forces evenly YENİ SORU
c.) Allow for heat expansion
d.) Improve the piston seal
50. A diesel engine crankcase vamtilation system .................
a.) Prevents spark generation
b.) Removes combustible gases YENİ SORU
c.) Determines the level of combustible gases
d.) Provides inert gas generation in crankcase
51. In diesel engines designed with a crosshead, the motion of the piston rod can be described as
....................
a.) Reciprocating at the crank pin, rotary at the piston pin
b.) Straight ratation
c.) Reciprocating at the piston pin, rotary at the crank pin YENİ SORU
d.) Straight reciprocation

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52. The power output of a turbocharged diesel engine will drop if the cooling water flow through
the
aftercooler is interrupted because the .................
a.) Turbocharger stalls
b.) Exhaust pressure increases
c.) Air charge density decreases YENİ SORU
d.) Scavenge effect increases
53. Sludge formation in a diesel engine lube oil system is caused by .................
a.) Carbonization of oils from the combustion chambers
b.) Emulsions of lube oil and water YENİ SORU
c.) Coagulation of unburned fuel below the piston rings
d.) All the above
54. The function of the after cooler installed between the turbocharger and intake manifold on
some
diesel engines, is to ..................
a.) Increase the density of the intake air
b.) Decrease turbocharger power usage YENİ SORU
c.) Reduce exhaust gas temperature
d.) Compensate for turbocharger RPM fluctuations
55. Standby, or emergency diesel generator day tanks should always be kept full to reduce the
possibility of ....................
a.) Sediment contamination
b.) Fuel filter clogging
c.) Moisture formation from condensation YENİ SORU
d.) Inadequate transfer pump suction head
56. Two important considerations for the proper lubrication of a diesel engine include, the delivery
of
the oil in sufficient amount, and the ......................
a.) Cetane number
b.) Pour point YENİ SORU
c.) Viscosity temperature
d.) Quality of the oil
57. Heacy fuel oils generally have an upper average ash content of 0,1 % by weight. Which of the
following conditions could be expected if the ash content increases above this amount ?
a.) Increased exhaust valve wear
b.) Increased MEP
c.) Excessive bearing wear YENİ SORU
d.) Glazing of the cylinder liners
58. Diesel engine jacket water is used in the fresh water distillation process as the ...............
a.) Means of heating the feedwater
b.) Primary means of producing a vacuum within the distiller
c.) Coolant for the distillate YENİ SORU
d.) Coolant for the brine cooler

59. An immediate repair is required if a leak occurs in the high-pressure fuel piping between the
injection pump and fuel nozzle because of the ..................
a.) High cost of fuel
b.) Serious fire hazad YENİ SORU
c.) Pollution hazard
d.) Poor combustion which will occur in that cylinder

60. Work that cannot readily be mounted between lathe centers is usually held in a ...................
a.) Spindle
b.) Lathe dog YENİ SORU
c.) Crotch center
d.) Chuck

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61. What type of bearing is most generally used as an independent main thrust block on merchant
ships ? YENİ SORU
a.) Pivoted-shoe thrust bearing
b.) Split-half journal type bearing
c.) Plain thrust bearing
d.) Single piece bushing
62. If a heat exchanger is designed to condense refrigerant vapor using central cooling fresh water
as YENİ SORU
a condensing medium, what statement is true ?
a.) The refrigerant vapor loses latent heat, the central cooling fresh water loses latent heat
b.) The refrigerant vapor loses sensible heat, the central cooling fresh water gains latent heat
c.) The refrigerant vapor loses latent heat, the central cooling fresh water gains sensible heat
d.) The refrigerant vapor gains latent heat, the central cooling fresh water loses sensible heat
63. The tool best suited for cutting pipeline flange gaskets to the correct size is ................
a.) A gasket cutter
b.) A pair of tin snips YENİ SORU
c.) A jack knife
d.) A ball peen hammer
64. Which of the following methods is used to lubricate main propulsion medium-speed diesel
engine
reduction geras ? YENİ SORU
a.) Oil is sprayed through nozzles at the point or gear mesh xxx
b.) Oil rings in channels outside the geras dip into oil in the sump and carry it to the gear teeth
c.) The geras run through an open oil sump and oil is carried along on the gear teeth
d.) Oil is pressure fed through internal drilled passages which force oil to the gears periphery
65. Auxiliary diesel engine electric starting motors use ...................
a.) Low amperage, high voltage AC power
b.) Alternating current transformers YENİ SORU
c.) 400 cycle per second motor-generator power
d.) Battery power direct current xxx
66. In a diesel engine lube oil cooler, with sea water cooling the lubricating oil, what statement is
true
? YENİ SORU
a.) The lube oil pressure is always kept higher than the sea water pressure, and in case of lube oil cooler
leak, the lube oil sump level will decrease xxx
b.) The sea water pressure is always kept higher than the lube oil pressure, and in case of lube oil cooler
leak, the lube oil sump level will increase
c.) The sea water pressure is always kept higher than the lube oil pressure, and in case of lube oil cooler
leak, the lube oil sump level will decrease
d.) The lube oil pressure is always kept higher than the sea water pressure, and in case of lube oil cooler
leak, the lube oil sump level will increase
67. The amount of fuel delivered by a unit injector is controlled by the ...................
a.) Engine speed
b.) Main spring
c.) Camshaft YENİ SORU
d.) Rack position
68. Constant capacity, pressure atomizing, fuel burners designed to meet a wide variation in
steaming
loads on an auxiliary boiler, are ..................
a.) Automatically supplied with warmer air on demand
b.) Automatically supplied with more fuelon demand YENİ SORU
c.) Equipped with standard variable capacity atomizers
d.) Cycled on and off in response to steam demand

69
69. The pinion of an auxiliary deisel-electric starting motor normally engages the flywheel ring
gear by
means of a/an ...............
a.) Automatic follow-up
b.) Magnetic type coupling YENİ SORU
c.) Muff coupling and release
d.) Bendix drive or similar mechanism
70. Which of the following is an example of a solid bearing ?
a.) Turbo generator turbine bearing
b.) Thrust bearing
c.) Piston pin bearing YENİ SORU
d.) Spring bearing
71. Tail shaft at an oceangoing vessel is usually supported by ..................
a.) Stern tube bearing
b.) Spring bearing
c.) Tail bearing YENİ SORU
d.) Propeller bearing
e.) Roller bearing

machinery apart from main engınes ın the engıne room?


A:main engıne
B:wındlass
C:auxilary machinery
D:wınch
E:steering_gear

YenisoruGOSS:IN diesel engıne closed coolıng system the flow of fresh water throughb the
Fresh water and lubeoil coolers is controlled by the:...
A:speed of the engıne
B:speed of the pump impeller
C:automatıc temprature regulator
D:suction pressure regulator
E:governor

....is the part of the vessel that increases the speed


A:propaller
B:rudder
C:ballast
D:fore peak tank
E:bulb

Ships in general are classified in to the fllowing three types


A:war shıps,merchant vessel,yacthts

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